Dee Finney blog
start date July 2-. 2-11
Today's date August 3-. 2-11
[age 35


8-30-11 - DREAM -  I was observing a room, perhaps with a stage.  There was a young man standing there with a group of people. He had blondish white curly hair and was tall and handsome.  He wanted curlier, whiter hair and someone said to him, "What?  Do you want to be a rock star?

8-30-11  MEDITATION:  I saw a middle-aged man sitting at a desk with nothing on it.  He had his elbows on the desk, and he had his index fingers pressing on both sides of his head, pressing on the Amygdala.  (I just knew that word)  He had a smile on his face.

830-11 - MEDIATION - This was actually a conitnuation of the previous meditation - I was just sitting there contemplating the man sitting at the desk, pressing on his Amygdala and I saw the blonde man from the dream again.

This time he was sitting on a wooden swing, with the ropes hanging down from the sky.

Perhaps he was swinging on a star?







Would you like to swing on a star
Carry moonbeams home in a jar
And be better off than you are
Or would you rather be a mule?

A mule is an animal with long funny ears
Kicks up at anything he hears
His back is brawny and his brain is weak
He's just plain stupid with a stubborn streak
And by the way, if you hate to go to school
You may grow up to be a mule

Or would you like to swing on a star
Carry moonbeams home in a jar
And be better off than you are
Or would you rather be a pig?

A pig is an animal with dirt on his face
His shoes are a terrible disgrace
He ain't got no manners when he eats his food
He's fat and lazy and extremely rude
But if you don't care a feather or a fig
You may grow up to be a pig

Or would you like to swing on a star
Carry moonbeams home in a jar
And be better off than you are
Or would you rather be a fish?

A fish won't do anything, but swim in a brook
He can't write his name or read a book
And to fool the people is his only thought
And though he's slippery, he still gets caught
But then if that sort of life is what you wish
You may grow up to be a fish

And all the monkeys aren't in the zoo
Every day you meet quite a few
So you see it's all up to you
You can be better than you are
You could be swinging' on a star




The regions described as Amygdala nuclei encompass several structures with distinct functional traits. Among these nuclei are the basolateral complex, the cortical nucleus, the medial nucleus, and the central nucleus. The basolateral complex can be further subdivided into the lateral, the basal, and the accessory basal nuclei.[3][4][5]

Anatomically, the Amygdala[6] and more particularly, its central and medial nuclei,[7] have sometimes been classified as a part of the basal ganglia.

[edit] Connections

The Amygdala sends impulses to the hypothalamus for activation of the sympathetic nervous system, to the thalamic reticular nucleus for increased reflexes, to the nuclei of the trigeminal nerve and the facial nerve, and to the ventral tegmental area, locus coeruleus, and laterodorsal tegmental nucleus for activation of dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine.[4]

Coronal section of brain through intermediate mass of third ventricle. Amygdala is shown in purple.

The cortical nucleus is involved in the sense of smell and pheromone-processing. It receives input from the olfactory bulb and olfactory cortex. The lateral amygdalate, which send impulses to the rest of the basolateral complexes and to the centromedial nuclei, receive input from the sensory systems. The centromedial nuclei are the main outputs for the basolateral complexes, and are involved in emotional arousal in rats and cats.[4][5][8]

[edit] Emotional learning

In complex vertebrates, including humans, the amygdalae perform primary roles in the formation and storage of memories associated with emotional events. Research indicates that, during fear conditioning, sensory stimuli reach the basolateral complexes of the amygdalae, particularly the lateral nuclei, where they form associations with memories of the stimuli. The association between stimuli and the aversive events they predict may be mediated by long-term potentiation, a sustained enhancement of signalling between affected neurons.[3]

Memories of emotional experiences imprinted in reactions of synapses in the lateral nuclei elicit fear behavior through connections with the central nucleus of the amygdalae and the bed nuclei of the stria terminalis (BNST). The central nuclei are involved in the genesis of many fear responses, including freezing (immobility), tachycardia (rapid heartbeat), increased respiration, and stress-hormone release. Damage to the amygdalae impairs both the acquisition and expression of Pavlovian fear conditioning, a form of classical conditioning of emotional responses.[3]

The amygdalae are also involved in appetitive (positive) conditioning. It seems that distinct neurons respond to positive and negative stimuli, but there is no clustering of these distinct neurons into clear anatomical nuclei.[9] However, lesions of the central nucleus in the amygdala have been shown to reduce appetitive learning in rats. Lesions of the basolateral lesions do not exhibit the same effect.[10] Research like this indicates that different nuclei within the amygdala have different functions in appetitive conditioning.[11]

[edit] Memory modulation

The amygdala is also involved in the modulation of memory consolidation. Following any learning event, the long-term memory for the event is not formed instantaneously. Rather, information regarding the event is slowly assimilated into long-term (potentially life-long) storage over time, possibly via long-term potentiation. Recent studies suggest that, while the amygdala is not itself a long-term memory storage site, and learning can occur without it, one of its roles is to regulate memory consolidation in other brain regions.[12] Also, fear conditioning, a type of memory that is impaired following amygdala damage, is mediated in part by long-term potentiation.[13][14]

During the consolidation period, the memory can be modulated. In particular, it appears that emotional arousal following the learning event influences the strength of the subsequent memory for that event. Greater emotional arousal following a learning event enhances a person's retention of that event. Experiments have shown that administration of stress hormones to mice immediately after they learn something enhances their retention when they are tested two days later.[15]

The amygdalae, especially the basolateral nuclei, are involved in mediating the effects of emotional arousal on the strength of the memory for the event, as shown by many laboratories including that of James McGaugh. These laboratories have trained animals on a variety of learning tasks and found that drugs injected into the amygdala after training affect the animals' subsequent retention of the task. These tasks include basic classical conditioning tasks such as inhibitory avoidance, where a rat learns to associate a mild footshock with a particular compartment of an apparatus, and more complex tasks such as spatial or cued water maze, where a rat learns to swim to a platform to escape the water. If a drug that activates the amygdalae is injected into the amygdalae, the animals had better memory for the training in the task.[16] If a drug that inactivates the amygdalae is injected, the animals had impaired memory for the task.

Buddhist monks who do compassion meditation have been shown to modulate their amygdala, along with their temporoparietal junction and insula, during their practice.[17] In an fMRI study, more intensive insula activity was found in expert meditators than in novices.[18] Increased activity in the amygdala following compassion-oriented meditation may contribute to social connectedness.[19]

Amygdala activity at the time of encoding information correlates with retention for that information. However, this correlation depends on the relative "emotionalness" of the information. More emotionally-arousing information increases amygdalar activity, and that activity correlates with retention. Amygdala neurons show various types of oscillation during emotional arousal, such as theta activity. These synchronized neuronal events could promote synaptic plasticity (which is involved in memory retention) by increasing interactions between neocortical storage sites and temporal lobe structures involved in declarative memory.[20]

Research using Rorschach test blot 03 finds that the number of ‘‘unique responses’’ to this random figure links to larger sized amygdalae. The researchers note, "Since previous reports have indicated that unique responses were observed at higher frequency in the artistic population than in the nonartistic normal population, this positive correlation suggests that amygdalar enlargement in the normal population might be related to creative mental activity."[21]

[edit] Neuropsychological correlates of amygdala activity

Early research on primates provided explanations as to the functions of the amygdala, as well as a basis for further research. As early as 1888, rhesus monkeys with a lesioned temporal cortex (including the amygdala) were observed to have significant social and emotional deficits.[22] Heinrich Klüver and Paul Bucy later expanded upon this same observation by showing that large lesions to the anterior temporal lobe produced noticeable changes, including overreaction to all objects, hypoemotionality, loss of fear, hypersexuality, and hyperorality, a condition in which inappropriate objects are placed in the mouth. Some monkeys also displayed an inability to recognize familiar objects and would approach animate and inanimate objects indiscriminately, exhibiting a loss of fear towards the experimenters. This behavioral disorder was later named Klüver-Bucy syndrome accordingly.[23] Later studies served to focus on the amygdala specifically, as the temporal cortex encompasses a broad set of brain structures, making it difficult to find which ones specifically may have correlated with certain symptoms. Monkey mothers who had amygdala damage showed a reduction in maternal behaviors towards their infants, often physically abusing or neglecting them.[24] In 1981, researchers found that selective radio frequency lesions of the whole amygdala caused Klüver-Bucy Syndrome.[25]

With advances in neuroimaging technology such as MRI, neuroscientists have made significant findings concerning the amygdala in the human brain. A variety of data shows the amygdala has a substantial role in mental states, and is related to many psychological disorders. Some studies have shown children with anxiety disorders tend to have a smaller left amygdala. In the majority of the cases, there was an association between an increase in the size of the left amygdala with the use of SSRI's (antidepressant medication) or psychotherapy. The left amygdala has been linked to social anxiety, obsessive and compulsive disorders, and post traumatic stress, as well as more broadly to separation and general anxiety.[26] In a 2003 study, subjects with borderline personality disorder showed significantly greater left amygdala activity than normal control subjects. Some borderline patients even had difficulties classifying neutral faces or saw them as threatening.[27] Individuals with psychopathy show reduced autonomic responses, relative to comparison individuals, to instructed fear cues.[28] In 2006, researchers observed hyperactivity in the amygdala when patients were shown threatening faces or confronted with frightening situations. Patients with more severe social phobia showed a correlation with increased response in the amygdala.[29] Similarly, depressed patients showed exaggerated left amygdala activity when interpreting emotions for all faces, and especially for fearful faces. Interestingly, this hyperactivity was normalized when patients went on antidepressants.[30] By contrast, the amygdala has been observed to respond differently in people with bipolar disorder. A 2003 study found that adult and adolescent bipolar patients tended to have considerably smaller amygdala volumes and somewhat smaller hippocampal volumes.[31] Many studies have focused on the connections between the amygdala and autism.[32]

Studies in 2004 and 2006 showed that normal subjects exposed to images of frightened faces or faces of people from another race will show increased activity of the amygdala, even if that exposure is subliminal.[33][34] However, the amygdala is not necessary for the processing of fear-related stimuli, since persons in whom it is bilaterally damaged show rapid reactions to fearful faces, even in the absence of a functional amygdala.[35]

Recent research suggests that parasites, in particular toxoplasma, form cysts in the brain of rats, often taking up residence in the amygdala. This may provide clues as to how specific parasites may contribute to the development of disorders, including paranoia.[36]

Recent studies have suggested possible correlations between brain structure, including differences in hemispheric ratios and connection patterns in the amygdala, and sexual orientation. Homosexual men tend to exhibit more female-like patterns in the amygdala than do heterosexual males, just as homosexual females tend to show more male-like patterns in the amygdala than do heterosexual women. It is evident in humans that gender identity is programmed during fetal and neonatal development; however an individual's sexual orientation development in these early stages has not yet been determined.[37] It was observed that amygdala connections were more widespread from the left amygdala in homosexual males, as is also found in heterosexual females. Amygdala connections were more widespread from the right amygdala in homosexual females, as in heterosexual males.[37]

[edit] Social interaction

Amygdala volume correlates positively with both the size (the number of contacts a person has) and the complexity (the number of different groups to which a person belongs) of social networks.[38][39] Individuals with larger amygdalae had larger and more complex social networks. They were also better able to make accurate social judgments about other persons' faces.[40] It is hypothesized that larger amygdalae allow for greater emotional intelligence, enabling greater societal integration and cooperation with others.[41]

The amygdala processes reactions to violations concerning personal space. These reactions are absent in persons in whom the amygdala is damaged bilaterally.[42] Furthermore, the amygdala is found to be activated in fMRI when people observe that others are physically close to them, such as when a person being scanned knows that an experimenter is standing immediately next to the scanner, versus standing at a distance.[42]

[edit] Alcoholism and binge drinking

The amygdala appears to play a role in binge drinking, being damaged by repeated episodes of intoxication and withdrawal.[43] Alcoholism is associated with dampened activation in brain networks responsible for emotional processing, including the amygdala.[44] Protein kinase C-epsilon in the amygdala is important for regulating behavioral responses to morphine, ethanol, and controlling anxiety-like behavior. The protein is involved in controlling the function of other proteins and plays a role in development of the ability to consume a large amount of ethanol.[45][46]

[edit] Future studies

Future studies have been proposed to address the role of the amygdala in positive emotions, and the ways in which the amygdala networks with other brain regions.[47]

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ amygdala - Definitions from Dictionary.com
  2. ^ University of Idaho College of Science (2004). "amygdala". http://www.sci.uidaho.edu/med532/amygdala.htm. Retrieved 2007-03-15.
  3. ^ a b c d Amunts K, Kedo O, Kindler M, Pieperhoff P, Mohlberg H, Shah N, Habel U, Schneider F, Zilles K (2005). "Cytoarchitectonic mapping of the human amygdala, hippocampal region and entorhinal cortex: intersubject variability and probability maps". Anat Embryol (Berl) 210 (5–6): 343–52. doi:10.1007/s00429-005-0025-5. PMID 16208455.
  4. ^ a b c Ben Best (2004). "The Amygdala and the Emotions". http://www.benbest.com/science/anatmind/anatmd9.html. Retrieved 2007-03-15.
  5. ^ a b Solano-Castiella E, Anwander A, Lohmann G, Weiss M, Docherty C, Geyer S, Reimer E, Friederici AD, Turner R (2010). "Diffusion tensor imaging segments the human amygdala in vivo". Neuroimage 49 (4): 2958–65. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.11.027. PMID 19931398.
  6. ^ See Amygdala in the BrainInfo database
  7. ^ Larry W. Swanson and Gorica D. Petrovich (August 1998). "What is the amygdala?". Trends in Neurosciences 21 (8): 323–331. doi:10.1016/S0166-2236(98)01265-X.
  8. ^ Michael McDannald, Erin Kerfoot, Michela Gallagher, and Peter C. Holland (February 2005). "Amygdala central nucleus function is necessary for learning but not expression of conditioned visual orienting". Behav Neurosci 119 (1): 202–212. doi:10.1037/0735-7044.119.1.202. PMC 1255918. PMID 15727525.
  9. ^ Paton, Joseph; et Al. (25 November 2005). "The primate amygdala represents the positive and negative value of visual stimuli during learning". Nature 439 (7078): 865–870. doi:10.1038/nature04490. PMC 2396495. PMID 16482160. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v439/n7078/abs/nature04490.html.
  10. ^ Parkinson, John; Robbins, Trevor; Everitt, Barry (9 OCT 2008)
  11. ^ See recent TINS article by Balleine and Killcross (2006)
  12. ^ Long-term potentiation in the amygdala: a mechanism for emotional learning and memory. Maren S.Trends Neurosci. 1999 Dec;22(12):561-7. Review.
  13. ^ Killcross S, Robbins T, Everitt B (1997). "Different types of fear-conditioned behaviour mediated by separate nuclei within amygdala". Nature 388 (6640): 377–80. doi:10.1038/41097. PMID 9237754.
  14. ^ Blair HT, Schafe GE, Bauer EP, Rodrigues SM, and Ledoux JE. Synaptic plasticity in the lateral amygdala: a cellular hypothesis for fear conditioning. Learn Mem 8: 229–242, 2001
  15. ^ "Researchers Prove A Single Memory Is Processed In Three Separate Parts Of The Brain" http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/02/060202182107.htm
  16. ^ Ferry B, Roozendaal B, McGaugh J (1999). "Role of norepinephrine in mediating stress hormone regulation of long-term memory storage: a critical involvement of the amygdala". Biol Psychiatry 46 (9): 1140–52. doi:10.1016/S0006-3223(99)00157-2. PMID 10560021.
  17. ^ "Cultivating compassion: Neuroscientific and behavioral approaches" a talk given by Richard J. Davidson found online at http://ccare.stanford.edu/node/25
  18. ^ Lutz A, Brefczynski-Lewis J, Johnstone T, Davidson RJ (2008) Regulation of the Neural Circuitry of Emotion by Compassion Meditation: Effects of Meditative Expertise. PLoS ONE 3(3): e1897. http://brainimaging.waisman.wisc.edu/~lutz/Lutz_al_Compassion_expertise_Plos_One_2008.pdf
  19. ^ Hutcherson, C.A., Seppala, E.M., & Gross, J.J. (2008). Loving-kindness meditation increases social connectedness. Emotion, 8(5), 720-724.http://spl.stanford.edu/pdfs/Hutcherson_08_2.pdf
  20. ^ Paré D., Collins D.R., Pelletier J.G. (2002). "Amygdala oscillations and the consolidation of emotional memories". Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (7): 306–314. doi:10.1016/S1364-6613(02)01924-1. PMID 12110364.
  21. ^ Asari T, Konishi S, Jimura K, Chikazoe J, Nakamura N, Miyashita Y (2010). "Amygdalar enlargement associated with unique perception". Cortex 46 (1): 94–99. doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2008.08.001. PMID 18922517.
  22. ^ Brown, S. & Shafer, E. (1888). "An investigation into the functions of the occipital and temporal lobes of the monkey's brain". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London: Biological Sciences 179: 303–327. doi:10.1098/rstb.1888.0011.
  23. ^ Kluver, H. & Bucy, P. (1939). "Preliminary analysis of function of the temporal lobe in monkeys". Archives of Neurology 42: 979–1000.
  24. ^ Bucher, K., Myersn, R., Southwick, C. (1970). "Anterior temporal cortex and maternal behaviour in monkey". Neurology 20 (4): 415. PMID 4998075.
  25. ^ Aggleton, JP. & Passingham, RE. (1981). "Syndrome produced by lesions of the amygdala in monkeys (Macaca mulatta)". Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 95 (6): 961–977. doi:10.1037/h0077848. PMID 7320283.
  26. ^ http://pn.psychiatryonline.org/content/40/9/37.full
  27. ^ Donegan et al.; Sanislow, CA; Blumberg, HP; Fulbright, RK; Lacadie, C; Skudlarski, P; Gore, JC; Olson, IR et al. (2003). "Amygdala hyperreactivity in borderline personality disorder: implications for emotional dysregulation". Biological Psychiatry 54 (11): 1284–1293. doi:10.1016/S0006-3223(03)00636-X. PMID 14643096.
  28. ^ R. J. R. Blair (23 April 2008). "The amygdala and ventromedial prefrontal cortex: functional contributions and dysfunction in psychopathy". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 363 (1503): 2557–2565. doi:10.1098/rstb.2008.0027. PMC 2606709. PMID 18434283.
  29. ^ Studying Brain Activity Could Aid Diagnosis Of Social Phobia. Monash University. January 19, 2006.
  30. ^ Sheline et al.; Barch, DM; Donnelly, JM; Ollinger, JM; Snyder, AZ; Mintun, MA (2001). "Increased amygdala response to masked emotional faces in depressed subjects resolves with antidepressant treatment: an fMRI study". Biological Psychiatry 50 (9): 651–658. doi:10.1016/S0006-3223(01)01263-X. PMID 11704071.
  31. ^ Blumberg et al.; Kaufman, J; Martin, A; Whiteman, R; Zhang, JH; Gore, JC; Charney, DS; Krystal, JH et al. (2003). "Amygdala and hippocampal volumes in adolescents and adults with bipolar disorder". Arch Gen Psychiatry 60 (12): 1201–8. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.60.12.1201. PMID 14662552.
  32. ^ Schultz RT (2005). "Developmental deficits in social perception in autism: the role of the amygdala and fusiform face area". Int J Dev Neurosci 23 (2–3): 125–41. doi:10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2004.12.012. PMID 15749240.
  33. ^ Williams, Leanne M.; Belinda J. Liddell, Andrew H. Kemp, Richard A. Bryant, Russell A. Meares, Anthony S. Peduto, Evian Gordon (2006). "Amygdala-prefrontal dissociation of subliminal and supraliminal fear". Human Brain Mapping 27 (8): 652–661. doi:10.1002/hbm.20208. PMID 16281289.
  34. ^ Brain Activity Reflects Complexity Of Responses To Other-race Faces, Science Daily, 14 December 2004
  35. ^ Tsuchiya N, Moradi F, Felsen C, Yamazaki M, Adolphs R (2009). "Intact rapid detection of fearful faces in the absence of the amygdala". Nat Neurosci 12 (10): 1224–12225. doi:10.1038/nn.2380. PMC 2756300. PMID 19718036.
  36. ^ Vyas et al.; Kim, SK; Giacomini, N; Boothroyd, JC; Sapolsky, RM (2007). "Behavioral changes induced by Toxoplasma infection of rodents are highly specific to aversion of cat odors". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 104 (15): 6442–7. doi:10.1073/pnas.0608310104. PMC 1851063. PMID 17404235.
  37. ^ a b http://www.pnas.org/content/105/30/10273.full
  38. ^ Bickart, Kevin C., Wright, Christopher I., Dautoff, Rebecca J., Dickerson, Bradford C., Barrett, Lisa Feldman (Dec. 2010). "Amygdala volume and social network size in humans". Nature neuroscience 14 (2): 163–164. doi:10.1038/nn.2724. PMC 3079404. PMID 21186358. http://www.nature.com/neuro/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nn.2724.html. Retrieved 2010-12- 27.
  39. ^ Szalavitz, Maia (December 28, 2010). "How to Win Friends: Have a Big Amygdala?". Time Healthland. Time.com. http://healthland.time.com/2010/12/28/how-to-win-friends-have-a-big-amygdala/?xid=rss-topstories. Retrieved December 30, 2010.
  40. ^ Bzdok, D., Langner, R., Caspers, S., Kurth, F., Habel, U., Zilles, K., Laird, A., Eickhoff, S.B., 2011. ALE meta-analysis on facial judgments of trustworthiness and attractiveness. Brain Struct Funct 215, 209-223.
  41. ^ Buchanan, T.W., Tranel, D. & Adolphs, R. in The Human Amygdala (eds. Whalen, P.J. & Phelps, E.A.) 289–318 (Guilford, New York, 2009).
  42. ^ a b Kennedy DP, Gläscher J, Tyszka JM, Adolphs R (2009). "Personal space regulation by the human amygdala". Nat Neurosci 12 (10): 1226–1227. doi:10.1038/nn.2381. PMC 2753689. PMID 19718035.
  43. ^ http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/363/1507/3169.long
  44. ^ Marinkovic K; Oscar-Berman M, Urban T, O'Reilly CE, Howard JA, Sawyer K, Harris GJ (November 2009). "Alcoholism and dampened temporal limbic activation to emotional faces". Alcohol Clin Exp Res 33 (11): 1880–92. doi:10.1111/j.1530-0277.2009.01026.x. PMID 19673745.
  45. ^ http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WP9-4NKXWJX-4&_user=2251208&_coverDate=06%2F30%2F2007&_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_orig=gateway&_origin=gateway&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_acct=C000056758&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=2251208&md5=c865afb9018b406bda26bb7c7ef964da&searchtype=a
  46. ^ Lesscher et al, Amygdala protein kinase C epsilon controls alcohol consumption http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/122210376/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0
  47. ^ Gazzaniga, M.S., Ivry, R.B., & Mangun, G.R. (2009). Cognitive neuroscience: the biology of the mind. NY: W.W.Norton&Company.

[edit] External links




Neil Slade reveals how to super-activate specific parts of the brain, the amygdala and frontal lobes, with newly discovered methods that turn on incredible creativity, intelligence, pleasure, and ESP.

I want you to think of the best time you have ever had in your life...Got it?
Now, multiply that experience, that feeling, times ten. Multiply it times a hundred, or a thousand. Or ten thousand. Or even more.

You can turn on increased creativity, intelligence, pleasure, even ESP and other paranormal abilities as easily as clicking on a light switch. You can have "the best day of your life" over and over, each time better than the last. You may even be able to move clouds and change the weather using the incredible power of your own human infinity machine - your brain.

That is exactly what you will experience - no exaggeration in the least - when you learn how to self-stimulate a part of your brain know as the amygdala. This is not wishful thinking or new-age hocus-pocus. This is what the latest brain and behavior research is now showing us is possible...for anyone. The method for amygdala self-stimulation is easy, and has been learned by persons ages 6 to 86. The basic method can be learned and taught by anyone, for free. It is democratic in the extreme. You are getting started by reading this article. Results are often immediate, and are accumulative- it gets better the more you do it. Unlike stage magic, this is no illusion. This is real brain magic.

No surprise that these things are actually possible once you realize that the three pounds of solid neurocircuitry between every person's ears is the most complex structure we know of in the entire universe. You have more connections in your brain than there are literally grains of sand on all the beaches on Earth. Carl Sagan has pointed out that in every brain, your fantastic one included, there are more combinations of connections than there are protons and neutrons in the universe. Heck, telepathy is nothing for your infinity brain calculator. Provided you know what buttons to push.

Amygdala clicking

Location of amygdala

When the Big Guy upstairs created mammals, he felt that it would be wise to give them a means of controlling emotional memories. Thus, he inserted the “Amygdala” (Greek for "almond") into the brains of all mammals. Being an “all seeing God,” he saw fit to include this "nut" like object in the brains of humans since he felt that this would be a constant reminder to both him and the species as to just how crazy/nutso the human race is capable of being. But, having a mascot of sorts was not enough for God, and so he also gave our species a theme song. Yes, God does have a sense of humor.

Lower animals with much smaller frontal lobes than humans - chimpanzees, for example - are not able to SELF-CONTROL their amygdala like you can with your human brain. By learning how to click your amygdala forward whenever you like, life becomes beautiful - instead of stinky. If you identify yourself as one of the "lower animals," then it would not behoove you to learn how to "click" you amygdala on demand, since much of the time it will happen automatically as determined by environmental factors. Thus, you can dropout now and retain your spot on the evolution hierarchy. If you do choose to do such, then do not falsely assume that by subscribing to the "stinky life" philosophy is necessarily a bad thing. Remember, all forms of life have a place in the Big Guy's scheme. Besides, “lower” mammals seem ecstatic with their designated roles in the "stinky life" style. Ever notice how some of the "higher" of the "lower" mammals (doggies) introduce themselves to each other by stuffing their proboscises up each others anal orifices? The fact that they do it with such relish, enthusiasm, and gusto should be enough proof to anyone that the “stinky life” is not all the bad? The main difference between us (higher) and them (lower) is that we perform such acts as part of a greater strategy and that, as we know, is a higher brain function found only in the uniquely human frontal lobes and the fact that we are capable of identifying the fact as a fact classifies us as “higher.” As humans we are capable of rationalizing the performance of such acts as being a part of a larger ingratiation strategy...a necessary survival tactic that has been environmentally selected for.

As it turns out- the amygdala is connected directly to your olfactory nerves- your nose and sense of smell. Utterly profound this is, for it scientifically objectifies the existence of lives "stinky things” and supports our claim that the amygdala controls all aspects of the “stinky life.” Furthermore, this neural-geographic tidbit alone is enough to prove that what we are saying is “cosmically ordained by the Big Computer in the Sky” due to the fact than nothing in the universe is a product of chance, but was will into existence by our Big Computer. If you do not like to work, don't want to read this entire article but want the benefits, then luckily for you there is the "Amygdala Clicking Shortcut."

The Amygdala Clicking Shortcut. First you need to find some monstrous bloke. The next step is to activate the "finger wiggling" you did above. For this to work effectively then approach the intimidating stranger you just identified, look him/her straight into the eye, raise your right hand between the both of you, and wiggle your middle finger in his face. Chances are, he will then help you click you amygdala forward and backward by pounding your face into the nearby brick wall. Realize though, that the amygdala stuff only it happens inside your brain instead of on the end of your arm. Yes, it is this type of profundity that makes us the unique species that we are. What other animal could tell you that a brain component is in the brain, and a finger is on a hand? Highly evolved us humans are.

Edit Do this: sectionEdit Do this:

Wiggle your right index finger... easy, isn't it? Okay, wiggle your left big toe... easy too? Okay, ready for the big exercise?

You put your right hand in, you put your right hand out, you put your right hand in, and you shake it all about,

You do the hokey pokey and you turn yourself around that what it's all about.

Now, locate your amygdala (This is how not to find it)... you click it forward using your frontal lobes- IMAGINE that your amygdala is like a click toggle switch- Now click the switch forward towards your forhead (sic). There! You did it. Did you feel it? If not then you can try the following to kick-start it: have a friend place a 2 X 4 on the back of your head...right where it bulges out, then have a second friend hit the 2 X 4 with a hammer. Feel it now? Good for you.

Edit What clicking the amygdala can do for YOU sectionEdit What clicking the amygdala can do for YOU

You will learn how to click your amygdala forward and turn on genius levels of creativity, intelligence, pleasure, and even ESP in 1/10 the amount of time that students took to learn back in the early days of our brain research. Yea, we have all kinds of anecdotal evidence about what we did back then while sitting around eating acid, watching the trails of the camp fire flames leap towards the heavens, while Jimi played in the background. Pure creative intelligence culminating in the ultimate of physical pleasures...free love and group orgies. It really did happen, but we are having some difficulties in locating the data. It seems that in our excitement to hit that ultimate ESP moment that we used the data reports to roll our blunts. But hey, if you really have the ESP gene then you will be able to extract the data from our group brain telepathically.

Think of the most fantastic, exhilarating, or happiest moment of your life. Got it? Now multiply that times a thousand, or ten thousand. Or a million. That's what it feels like when you POP! your frontal lobes. For real. Then from there, your recognition of future consequences get thrown out the window! Yea, remember when you first got laid? Yup, shot your wad in your pants before you even got the zipper down, but that was then and now is now. You have moved on and now suffer from premature ejaculation, but that is okay nobody wants to have sex with you anymore anyway because you never did learn "good" hygiene. For now, just forget about all of the bad things about yourself...soon you will be going to the stars via the "transcendence" tramway.

Shortcut to Transcendence: For those who want a sneak peak at "transcendence"then you may want to try this little sneak peak to artificially stimulate your frontal lobes. To get a good feeling of what "transcendence" feels then start with a pair of jumper cables...connect the red end (that is positive) to the bald/shaved spot on the top of your head, and connect the black end (that is negative) to your tongue. WOW. So that that lifeless brain of yours does not drain the battery, then may want to keep the car running while you do this...doesn't it feel so, so good? For a different kind of kick, try connecting the jumpers to your anus and tongue...WOW-WOW-WOW.

The frontal lobes are the most advanced part of your brain. Kind of like the fillet mignon of the brain without the salsa. The frontal lobes are that part of your brain responsible for creativity, logic, intuition, new problem solving, synthesis of ideas, imagination, concepts of time, and planning. Yup, the frontal lobes allow you to fantasize about sex, and if you are creative enough then not only will you be able to massage your member while thinking of the babe down the hall, but you will be able to do it while simultaneously whistling "This Guy's In Love". Yes, this is what we call multitasking. Multitasking is another attribute of the frontal lobes just like the telepathy we discussed above is.

By clicking your amygdala forward, you cause electro-chemical activity to occur from the base of your brain all the way through to the most advanced part of your brain, the frontal lobes. Say what? Oh, you mean that an electrochemical charge will travel from a lower brain region to higher brain regions? (Yea, people have a tendency to be verbose and have difficulty in explaining simple ideas simply. So, we gotta step in occasionally and set things straight so that the common folk know what the fuck is being said.)

Clicking your amygdala forward, self-stimulating the front portion of your amygdala, causes automatic sensations of pleasure and peace of mind. Why yes, anytime any organism experiences "pleasure" then they also experience "peace of mind." Think of every time you have been laid...ultimate pleasure. After sex do you go ballistic on the world, or just lay back petting your partner and light-up a smoke...total pleasure, total relaxation. Nothing new here.

"Whoa" you say. The best day of my life times a million! Impossible! No, I say a what the fuck you talking bout? For entertainment purposes I will play. Okay, I tried to imagine the best day of my life times a million-zillion-tilion-zitillion, but I don't get it. Even if I could remember the best day of my life, then why would I want to erase that memory by sugar coating it with fantasy? Also, you talk like my life is nothing more than a big pile of fetid shit. So who are you to say I should make it better?

Well okay, let's examine this popping phenomenon in another more plausible fashion that shouldn't be too hard to accept as a possibility.... Okay boss, but why do you continually talk down to us common folk? Why, let us tell you something a "popping," be careful that you do not confuse it with "pooping." To fully understand "popping" will require: 1 4-quart pan, a bag of popcorn, and some oil. Pour the corn into the pot and cover the corn with oil...make sure the oil just covers the corn, no more or no less. Now, place lid on the pan, and put the pan on a hot burner or campfire. In a bit you will hear a sound...an explosive sound...now that is "popping."

Imagine the most fun you've ever had, or more to the point, the best feeling you've ever experienced. Got it? Now imagine figuring out how to feel this feeling once a month, every month. That's not too hard to accept now is it? How about, once a week, every week? How about every day for the rest of your life? Mmmmmmmm... Wow! Yes. Okay, I am imagining the best feeling I have ever had...getting laid. As I continue to stir-up these lucid pornographic images I notice that something is beginning to grow inside of my pants. Ahh...to a grab it and seek relief or do I just let it keep growing until I have blue-balls? Oh wait, I get it...you are telling me that I need to whack-off everyday...and in doing so my amygdala will turn me into "Count Dick-u-la?"

Edit What would you do with FREE MONEY? sectionEdit What would you do with FREE MONEY?

You could exchange that money for goods and services. Or perhaps you would like to roll around naked in that money. Am I right? Am I right? YES. SEE??!!??! What in the holy fuck are you talking about? First of all, why would I want to roll around naked in dirty-ass bills? Also, if I did get some money then what the fuck is it to you if I buy a car, or a months worth of fellatio?

When you learn brain self-control, you pop your frontal lobes. This is a honest-to-goodness physiological brain function. Both pleasure intensity and frequency becomes your reality. And it is just the tip of the iceberg. What the fuck are you talking about? And what about the free money? Ah, I get it, the free money was just a gimmick to try and sucker us in. Do you think that we are stoopid of sumthin? About this frequency...specifically, what bandwidth is it?

Frontal lobes transcendence is the addition of increased frontal lobes activity to the point where only positive pleasurable emotions are felt. This is a result of a higher perception of reality and a more successful mode of operation for the individual in the environment. Okay, so now we can just ignore all of the bad things in the world...rape, murder, famine, poverty, etc., they are no longer real. Hence, they no longer exists because like Descartes said: "I think, therefore I am." I say: "If I thinks it doesn't exist then it doesn't exist." Fantasy becomes reality, and reality becomes fantasy. The only problem with thinking this way is that they may institutionalize you. Physical reality is real and you can try to escape it, but to say that only "pleasurable emotions are felt" is to live in denial. Try jumping in front of a moving bus and tell me how pleasurable that is! Or, does the brain self-destruct due to the conflict between real pain and perceived pleasure?

Edit Reiteration sectionEdit Reiteration

By continually self-stimulating the most advanced anterior portion of your brain- your frontal lobes, by "clicking your amygdala forward"- you get continuous creative intelligence pleasure.

Clicking your amygdala forward is simple and very easy once you understand how your brain works and recognise the process. It has been there since the day you were born.

Frontal lobes fun is made possible by EFFORTLESS EFFORT, the increased use of the brain potential already existing inside your head.

Your brain will run like an efficient, cool run, natural machine. You will feel good, and your ability to function and solve problems is tremendously enhanced.

Frustration, anger, fear, pain, and other negative feelings are reduced tremendously or even eliminated by your frontal lobes. You "drive around" negative emotions as easily as you drive around obstacles in the road, once you learn how to see forward with your frontal lobes. Just as a child learns how to walk and outgrows falling down, you will outgrow falling down emotions once you learn some basic facts about how your brain works.

Edit And at the same time sectionEdit And at the same time

Your ability to concentrate on your goals, think clearly and act more intelligently in your own behalf and for others is tremendously increased.

You transcend, rise above and beyond, and eliminate bad feelings and the "problems" of life.

Edit Brain Travel sectionEdit Brain Travel

Brain Travel - this is another name for what is commonly referred to as "remote viewing" or "astral travel". This is the ability to have your mind someplace your body isn't. When you are able to click your amygdala forward, it is an elementary thing to switch on the remote/astral travel components of your brain, which reside primarily in the frontal lobes. Some legitimate research has shown that this can actually be done with accurate perception of objects and thoughts hidden and distant to the observer.

Edit How to Brain Travel sectionEdit How to Brain Travel

Brain Travel is most easily done when the immediate environment, both physical and psychic is quiet and undisturbed. This means, little or no traffic noise, TV, and certainly no little kids running around the house. Perfect quiet is ideal. (However, when you are practised at Brain Travel, however, you'll find you can even do it on the city bus if necessary.)

Use good headphones for the best results. Cheap computer speakers will not do at all and the effect will be GREATLY reduced, if not altogether eliminated. Really good computer speakers may work, but again, not as good as phones which will also filter out any minor noise that will distract from the experience. It is important to hear all the nuances and frequencies of the recording. Your out-of-body Brain Travel experience facilitated by the sound/music input will be only as high quality as the care you take to get things right.

Adjust the volume level on your computer after the first minute so it is loud but not disturbingly loud. Some good volume is necessary. You want it dark so the only stimulation to your brain comes from your ears and from the lights inside your frontal lobes.

Edit Cloud bursting sectionEdit Cloud bursting

You have pre-existing circuits in your brain for psychic and telekinetic powers. They are in a dormant (currently unused) area of your brain. By learning how to click your amygdala forward, you can activate these areas easily and quickly. You can change clouds, maybe even the weather, with your mind. This is the CLOUD CENTER of your brain.

Edit Here is what you are going to do sectionEdit Here is what you are going to do

Go outside on any nice day. You want to pick a day in which there are common cumulus clouds in the sky. These are the white puffy cotton candy type clouds. Not super dense hard-edged or rain clouds. Look for clouds with soft edges. These are easiest to start with. You want to pick a day where there is a good amount of blue space visible between the clouds, about a fifty percent area of blue space to clouds, maybe a little more sky.

Pick a day when there is no wind. Wind interferes with this game, and makes your job pretty much impossible. If the cloud cover is too dense so that the clouds are grey, or too far away this won't work either. Also, find an area where you won't be distracted or disturbed. If people are watching you, or if there is a lot of noise around you, it will ruin your concentration. Also, if you are new at this, and you feel like you are under pressure to perform, forget it. You need to be completely nude.

Edit Now what? sectionEdit Now what?

What you are going to do is vaporize specific clouds in the sky that you choose and pick at random.

Here is how you do it:

  1. . Sit or stand in an open area where you can see good amount of open sky. Too many trees around you can interfere. Make sure you follow the previous requirements.
  2. . Click your amygdala forward, and make sure you are in a positive and open state of mind. This is important. If your amygdala is clicked backwards and in a negative and/or closed state of awareness, forget it, this won't work. Breath slowly and deeply, but totally relaxed and naturally.
  3. . Pick out a specific separate cloud. Ideally, pick one than has other clouds next to it or surrounding it, so you can compare your efforts. Pick a small cloud to start with, something about the size of your outstretched hand or smaller. Pick a cloud directly above you or nearly to start, so you know it is nearby. As you practice, you can move on to bigger clouds, and ones that are farther away.
  4. . Visualise energy flowing from your frontal lobes out towards the cloud, and visualise it vaporizing and disappearing from the sky. You can visualise that you are increasing the heat in the vicinity of this cloud, causing the water vapour to evaporate- no cloud.
  5. . Remain unattached to your results and efforts, as if you really don't care whether or not this works. Relax, let the energy flow, and wait. If you strain, grit your teach, tense your muscles, or mentally make effort it just interferes with this process. Remember, you click your amygdala forward with a feather, not a hammer. This is really easy to do, easier than walking up a flight of steps.
  6. . A cloud about the size of your outstretched closed hand will take from four to eight minutes to completely disappear. Your chosen cloud will vaporize, and surrounding clouds, no matter how close they are, will remain completely unaffected.
< Edit Why it didn't work? sectionEdit Why it didn't work?

This activity is so far out of the realm of conventional thinking, most people who get as far as trying it don't have a pre-conceived built up resistance to it, and are successful right off the bat. But unfortunately, if one hasn't taken the time to clear up the general state of one's brain with some good brain self-control, even when it works, it comes as such a shock that many people can't handle the realization that it brings. And it stops. But that's not you, right? Good


Brain Power

"The amygdala is one part of the brain that can cause dramatic changes," said researcher/musician Neil Slade (neilslade.com), who was Tuesday night's guest on the program. An enthusiastic believer in tapping into unused portions of the brain to increase creativity and enjoyment, Slade said the amygdala is like a thermostat that offers "emotional feedback" as to how it's functioning. It can click forward into the frontal lobe for higher functioning states or backwards to the reptilian brain for less evolved responses. He suggested a number of exercises and visualizations for learning how to click forward.

While clicking the amygdala forward can lead to new paranormal abilities such as telekinesis and clairvoyance, Slade cautioned people from getting too caught up in that arena and instead urged increased brain power to be used to solve such thorny issues as hunger, poverty and war. He added that paranormal effects might sprout up naturally when needed and cited a story about when he was late for teaching a music lesson. On his way out a neighbor asked him for the time and he realized he wasn't wearing his watch and didn't have time to go get it. But while driving to his appointment, out of habit he glanced at his wrist to check the time and the watch was suddenly there. Slade hypothesized that he had unconsciously used teleportation to retrieve the watch.

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Clicking your Amygdala

Neil Slade, tonight's guest, is an advocate of using dormant areas of the brain to open up untapped intelligence and abilities. Studying for years with the unorthodox researcher T.D.A. Lingo in a mountainous retreat in Colorado, Slade developed a variety of exercises to enhance brain function. He has particularly focused on an almond-sized organ called the amygdala, which is part of the brain's limbic system (an area that is associated with emotion and motivation).

"Self-amygdala stimulation increases activity of the brain's most advanced and evolutionarily most complex structure…the frontal lobes," Slade writes in an article for Viewzone.com. In lieu of being hooked up to electrodes, he has suggested simple visualization exercises such as imagining a feather tickling the amygdala. In a previous appearance on Coast to Coast, he conducted such an experiment over the air. For many this "clicking their amygdala forward" caused "immediate dramatic auditory, visual and physical sensations," Slade writes.


Neil Slade teaches people how to easily release their brain's pre-existing neurocircuits for high increases in creativity, intelligence, pleasure, as well as numerous paranormal abilities. Previously at the Dormant Brain Research and Development Laboratory he is also is well known for his Brain Music which has appeared nationally and on PBS television. A musical composer, seasoned concert performer, author, and artist. Slade was assistant to Brain and Behavior Researcher T.D.A. Lingo, PhB, B.Sci. M.A., for 11 years at Colorado's Dormant Brain Research and Development Laboratory.


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August 308, 2011