compiled by Dee Finney


8-14-08 - DREAM - I was living in a large house that was being remodeled - that means - the work was only partly done. At the same time, people wanted to start celebrating with a party and I had a lot of things downstairs that belonged upstairs and a lot of things upstairs that belonged downstairs.  The children had things in the north rooms that belonged in the south rooms and things in the south rooms that belonged in the north rooms.

My husband had built bookshelves in a hallway closet at the top of a new stairway which was beautiful and all the books were already on the shelves, but the floor hadn't yet been installed that led to the rest of the upstairs - in other words, you couldn't get from here to there at the top of the new stairway.

Outside, I had gone to get the mail from the mailbox and the man living next door hadn't picked up his mail recently and there were envelopes and packages strewn along the road. 

I could hear his voice singing in his house so I knew he was home. All of a sudden, he came out with a wheelbarrow and needed help picking up his mail.  The man turned out to be Jack Nicholson - the actor.  I had to help him as I was right there. There was so much mail, he couldn't do it alone.

The road looked like Highway 1 along the coast of California. I looked over the cliff edge into the ocean and down in the water were herds of deer swimming for their lives and on the rocky shore were mountain lions and bears, waiting for the deer to come ashore.

I didn't know why the deer had gone into the ocean.  They wouldn't do that without something fearful driving them.

There was no way I could help them at the time, especially from where I was atop the cliff, so I continued home and saw my daughter on the edge of the cliff, wearing her beautiful bridal gown, but covered in mud because she was trying to rescue the deer.

I yelled at her for ruining her bridal gown, but she didn't care. Rescuing the deer was more important.

I went back into the house. I had to wash my daughter's bridal gown, but the washing machine wasn't working.

One of the male guests tried to help me get the washing machine going but the bottom of the tub and the drain was full of pieces of magazine pages, so I needed to call the plumber.

Another one of the guests stopped me and asked where I kept my cookbooks because he remembered I had an old large green cookbook that people used to use in the old days when they cooked everything for themselves.

I pointed up the new staircase and told him he would find the book in the new bookshelves but he'd have to look for himself.

I was feeling overwhelmed with the work that wasn't yet finished, moving things around to where they belonged, even with help from the guests, it was too much for me and I started to cry.

Just then the plumber came and he said that while he was there, he wanted to check out my automatic pet watering system he had installed previously.

I told him that it was no longer there because the city had come and taken away the land with bulldozers because it was falling into the ocean, so I had to water the pets by hand.

The plumber said, "Well, I promised the movie stars who love pets that you would have an automatic pet watering system - Its in my written contract, so I'll have to install a new one."

He went outside before I could even answer him.

Then I heard a man singing outside, "We're building a whole new world!"

and then I heard a different booming deep male voice on my left sing, "STDs"

and I woke up











I couldn't tell where this place was. DF.

Last Saturday morning, my buddy Bo Warren and I were trolling for stripers in the Bay. We were 1 1/2 miles offshore in about 80 feet of water contemplating why the fish weren't biting. We looked back to check our gear and saw something odd in the water. Was it a seal?? Can't be, we don't have seals around here. On closer look, it turned out to be a buck deer that was WAY off course. He was desperate and barely staying afloat.

I've seen deer swim a river or bayou before. When you see that, the first thing you notice is that they are powerful swimmers. Their head and shoulders are out of the water and they make surprisingly good headway. This critter was just keeping his nose up and looked like he'd been swimming all night long. In fact, he was so worn out that he swam toward the boat probably thinking it looked enough like land to him. When he got closer though, he wasn't sure what to make of the two dudes on board, and backed off.

So, since the fish weren't biting, we thought we'd give this buck a hand.

Turns out Bo grew up around cows and was really handy with a bowline. He lassoed the deer on the first try!

Bo grabbed his neck, I grabbed the flank, and we barreled over backwards into the boat. Before I knew it, Bo was on top of him and had him tied up just like a calf.

We hit the throttle and shuttled him to the closest beach - Kent Point. I beached the boat and we carefully unloaded the deer onto the sand. The whole time we kept thinking he was going to kick the snot out of us. He never did though; he was totally spent. We untied him and jumped back. Too weak to stand, he just sat there quivering. We even picked him up again and put his feet underneath him, but he still couldn't walk.

Don't know if he made it or not, but I think his chances were vastly improved. Hopefully he recovered after time. When you're out & about, ya just never know...
Be sure to check out our friends at Neatorama for more neato items all the time!

An injured deer wandered into a mall in New Jersey, where it stumbled into a Sears and scared all the shoppers.

Jeff Hrusko, who works at the Sears in the Ocean County Mall tells All Headline News (AHN) it "broke through a plate glass window and charged through the store. I heard breaking glass and turned my head in the direction of the noise, to see a badly hurt deer hurdle passed."

"The poor doe made it about half way through the men's department, before it buckled under its broken leg. It then dragged itself to a small storage room, where I and fellow co-workers attempted to close it in. As my co-worker approach, it once again attempted to run, scaring a good many customers. Finally, the injured deer collapsed where you see it here."

Hrusko says, "The Dover police came shortly after, and dragged the deer outside, and put it down with two shots to the head. Accounts vary as to why the doe charged the glass."

Deer Euthanized After Ocean Rescue June 26, 2008

Deer Euthanized After Ocean Rescue PACIFIC PALISADES -- A young male deer who was rescued by lifeguards after running into the Pacific Ocean at Will Rogers State Beach was euthanized because of "severe injuries" suffered before the rescue.

Los Angeles County lifeguards were called to the ocean about 3 p.m. Wednesday to help rescue the deer, which ran out of the Santa Monica Mountains across Pacific Coast Highway to the ocean.

Capt. Robert Torres, a lifeguard with the Los Angeles County Fire Department, said that when he arrived, the animal was about 300 yards off shore.

The deer had tried to come ashore near some rocks, but lifeguards and personnel from Los Angeles Animal Services "did our best to chase it back toward the sandy beach," Torres said.

The deer was taken to an Animal Services facility. He was later euthanized due to severe injuries sustained prior to the ocean rescue, Cindy Wood of the West Los Angeles Animal Shelter said.

A deer going into the ocean was "a first" as far as the Animal Services official knew.

One woman who jogs along the ocean said that she thought the deer was "a strange looking whale."

Copyright © 2008, KTLA

Feb 18, 2008

Poachers Suspected Of Attacking Deer With Cars Near Ocean Shores

Washington state investigators say poachers apparently are using cars to run down deer near Ocean Shores. via KIRO-TV Seattle - story no long available
When Fire Island National Seashore was established more than forty years ago, the sighting of a deer was rare.

Fire Island Map

Map. Fire Island is unique in its closeness to New York City and in its separation from it. One does not have to move through layers of Bain de Soleil in ...

Doe feeding at dusk

Today, deer are commonly seen at many parts of the park.

Bucks lock antlers over a split-rail fence.

 Photo by Diane Abell.

Deer can be dangerous, especially during rut.

White-tailed Deer
Odocoileus virginianus

A first-time visitor to Fire Island is probably thrilled to see the seemingly tame deer on the island. However, these deer are potentially dangerous wild animals, posing both health and safety risks for humans. The number of deer on some parts of Fire Island is believed to be at an unhealthy density, which also puts pressure on other animal and plant populations.

More than forty years of vegetation studies in Fire Island’s Sunken Forest reveal an alarming reduction in the number of herbaceous plants and small trees in the understory of this rare maritime forest. Some scientists are concerned that the century-old American holly, sassafras, black cherry, black gum and other trees may not be able to regenerate. The lack of establishment of new seedlings coincides with the implementation of wildlife protection policies on Fire Island in the 1970s.

In 1974, Fire Island’s deer herd was estimated at 50 individuals; by 1989, it was close to 500, and in 2003 it was estimated to be 500-700. From population density studies conducted over the past seven years, it is estimated that 300-500 deer now live on Fire Island.Average deer density varies widely between locations.

2002 Estimates:

  • Robert Moses State Park - 18 deer/km2
  • Lighthouse Tract  - 60 deer/km2
  • Kismet-Lonelyville - 44 deer/km2
  • Ocean Bay Park/Seaview - 65 deer/km2
  • Fire Island Pines - 75 deer/km2
  • Davis Park  - 65 deer/km2
  • Fire Island Wilderness - 30 deer/km2
Deer stretches its neck to reach garden plants growing over a fence near a beach house.

Deer prefer to eat succulent ornamental plants, and their population density has grown quite large where abundant food and shelter is available in communities.

Since 1993, the National Park Service has conducted a research project cooperatively with university scientists from SUNY Syracuse, the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), and several communities to determine whether an immunocontraceptive vaccine can be useful at Fire Island as a deer management tool. In September, bait stations are set up to lure deer into appropriate areas. Female deer are darted with PZP (porcine zona pellucida), which prevents does from becoming pregnant.

In February 2006, in order to study the efficacy of administering PZP at alternate times, Fire Island National Seashore and HSUS initiated a winter deer-darting operation throughout the mid-island communities of Corneille Estates to Sailors Haven. In September 2006, darting was again conducted in the western communities. A winter darting program was conducted again in 2007. 

During winter 2006, a total of 75 vaccines were successfully administered during a four-week effort. For winter 2007, a total of 72 PZP vaccines were successfully administered during a five-week effort.

The National Park Service continues to gather data necessary for the possible development of a deer management plan.
Deer browsing on trees lining a Fire Island community street.
Where unnaturally large populations of deer are able to thrive, even native plants are showing signs of distress.

Whenever possible, natural processes are relied upon to maintain native plant and animal species and influence natural fluctuations in populations of these species. The National Park Service may intervene when certain criteria are met. (2006 Management Policies, Chapter 4, Section 4.4.2)

Fire Island National Seashore’s objective is to determine what management actions are needed in order to keep the deer population within a range that will not significantly impact natural populations of vegetation within the boundaries of the park.

Fire Island National Seashore is also one of the parks in NPS Northeast Region that is currently hosting a research project relating to human-wildlife interactions. Cornell University's Deer, People and Parks web page provides updates as this study progresses. 

Deer feeding on trash from overturned garbage bin.
Deer easily overturn garbage containers and spread litter, which attracts rats and other rodents that may transmit diseases to people.

The National Park Service is concerned about the health, safety and welfare of both animals and people.

The long-standing tradition of feeding deer by people on Fire Island is not in the animals' best interest. Deer behavior and population dynamics—and possibly their susceptibility to chronic wasting disease (CWD)—are adversely affected by deer being fed by humans.

As a primary host for adult ticks, deer play an indirect role in the transmission of Lyme disease to people. 




People reach over a rail to feed deer.
Please help keep our
Fire Island wildlife wild—Never Feed Deer.
For More Information

You may check the 2002 brochure "Deer and People" and recent Fire Island National Seashore science conference abstracts for more information:

NPS Technical Reports:

Cornell University's Deer, People, and Parks reports:

For the safety of your pet, the park's resources, and other visitors, you must keep your pet on a leash and under control. Leashes must be six feet in length or less, which decreases the chance of a dangerous encounter with wildlife.



Predators and Prey—A Case of Imbalance
Mountaint Lions and the North Kings Deer Herd

Predators are usually considered to be beneficial to ungulate populations by keeping animal numbers in balance with the habitat and removing the weak and old individuals. It is also often said that:
 predators cannot control a healthy deer
population, and
 predator numbers are controlled by the prey population size.

According to Don Neal, a research scientist with the Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station (PSW) (now retired), stationed in Fresno, California, a recent cooperative study by PSW and the California Department of Fish and Game has shed light on a situation where these theories appear to break down. In the study area on the west slope of the Sierra Nevada, apparently mountain lion numbers have increased while deer numbers declined to about one-eighth their peak numbers in the 1950s. Neal, along with George Steger (also with PSW), studied the California mule deer in the Sierra Nevada from 1970 to 1985 as part of an interagency effort to reverse the decline. This effort showed that the decline was primarily due to loss of fawns during the first 6-8 months of life.

The focus of the study was the North Kings deer here, a population of California mule deer. This herd declined from an estimated 17,000 animals in 1950 to about 2,000 animals in 1988. While the initiation of the decline was probably a result of overpopulation in the 1940s and 1950s, the lack of recovery seems to be related to heavy predation.

Fawn survival a problem

The research team captured 96 newborn fawns and equipped them with radio collars over a 7-year period from 1979 to 1985. These radio transmitters not only allowed the researchers to determine the locations of the fawns, but they also sent out a special signal when the fawns died. This allowed researchers to locate the fawns soon after they died and determine the cause of death. They were able to monitor and determine the fate of 90 of these fawns through their first year of life.

All the fawns were healthy at time of capture, and their size and weight were comparable to those of fawns from other mule deer herds. During the 7 years of the study, fawn survival ranged from 13% to 42% and averaged 38%. Two percent were killed in accidents, 9% died from disease or birth defects, and predators were responsible for the deaths of 51% of the fawns. Of those taken by predators 3% were killed by bobcats, 22% by bears, 27% by coyotes, and 49% by mountain lions.

Neal and his team were at first surprised by these results, because the general perception was that mountain lions were in very low numbers in California--the State Legislature had placed them under protection in 1971. It was obvious that it would require a healthy mountain lion population to be responsible for the death of an average of 25% of all the fawns born each year, as was the case in the North Kings deer herd.

A look at the mountain lions

The next step was to look at the mountain lion population and gain some understanding of movements and density. They knew this would not be an easy task. So Neal and Steger asked for the cooperation of Ron Bertram of the California Department of Fish and Game. This team uncovered some surprising results that run contrary to accepted understanding of mountain lion biology and behavior.

First, they selected a 215-square-mile area within the 800-square-mile range of the North Kings deer herd and set out to capture as many lions as time and funding allowed. Over a period of 3 years, they captured, radio equipped, and tracked 22 mountain lions. During the study they discovered 15 adult mountain lions that were using the area but were not radio-equipped, yet were known to be different individuals.

The lion locations determined by radio triangulation were computer plotted onto large-scale maps and aerial photos. This gave a good picture of daily and seasonal movements of mountain lions in the study area.

Home-range size

By plotting the locations of each cat on a map, the scientists were able to determine the size of the animal's home range and the relationships between individual lions. Home ranges of 14 adult lions tracked over 12 months averaged 285 square miles. Those of females averaged 244 and those of males averaged 340 square miles.

Seasonal movements

Each time a mountain lion was located by radio triangulation and plotted on a map or aerial photograph, the elevation was also recorded. This combination of location and elevation showed that most of the mountain lions migrated to high elevations in the summer and to lower elevations in the winter, following the patterns of the deer--their traditional prey.

However, detailed examination of the data revealed that several of the lions remained at low elevation in the foothills and valley edges throughout the year. They were found on ranches and among the rural communities. These lions  occupied territories below most of the migrating deer in the winter, and these areas had no deer in the summer. This leaves only small mammals, livestock, and pets for a diet--a good way for a mountain lion to get into trouble.


With the data on the radio-equipped cats, plus information on the known individuals without radios, the team had the data they needed to estimate mountain lion density.

Of the 22 lions captured and radio equipped within the 215-square-mile study area, not all were alive with operating radios during the entire study period. Therefore, one date was selected, January 1, 1987, and only the 14 lions alive and being monitored on that date were used to estimate density. This of course, underestimates the lion density because it does not include lions without radios using the area , or those with radios that have quit transmitting.

The team recognized that the number of lions using an area and lion density are not the same thing. Every radio-equipped lion used some area outside of the 215-square-mile study area. They calculated the proportion of each animal's home range that was within the study area and used that to estimate density. In other words, if a lion's home range was 50% within the study area, it was counted as 0.5 cat. Therefore, the 14 adult cats using the area on January 1, 1987, adjusted to a total of 6.3 lions, or 2.9 per 100 square miles. When the scientists added in the known cats that were not radio-equipped, making a similar adjustment to allow for only partial use of the study area, they calculated the density of adult mountain lions in the study area at 6.1 per 100 square miles.

Home-range overlap

Mountain lions are generally thought to be solitary animals that defend their home ranges for their exclusive use. But, when you look at the density of mountain lions and the size of the home ranges, it's easy to see that if all the female lions maintained exclusive home ranges, there would be 7.2 times as many acres of home ranges as there are available within the study area.

This can only mean overlap and home-range sharing.

Extensive home-range overlap was found between females, between males, and between females and males. One female shared parts of her home range with five other radio-equipped females and an unknown number of males and unradioed lions.


Other workers have stated that when the density of mountain lions reaches the point that home ranges overlap, breeding stops. However, in this study reproduction continued at what appeared to be a normal rate; and litter size averaged about 2.5 kittens. When the known kittens are added, the density of all mountain lions using the area becomes 10.6 per 100 square miles.

Adult deer are being killed also

To estimate the effect of mountain lions on adult deer, Ron Bertram and his coworkers with the California Department of Fish and Game radio equipped 25 adult does. Their work revealed that a sizeable number of does were being killed by mountain lions in the central Sierra Nevada. Of 25 does radio equipped over a period of 3 years, 12 have died. One was killed by a coyote and 11 by mountain lions.

The bottom line

The bottom line is that in the study area, mountain lions appear to be controlling an already depressed deer herd, and they are apparently not benefiting the population by taking only the weak and old. The density of the lion population is not limited by the need for exclusive territories, and reproduction is continuing within this high-density population.

The magnitude of the problem can be understood when we consider that the ratio of deer to mountain lions has apparently declined from an estimated 750:1 in 1950 to about 30:l in 1988. Deer populations cannot meet the needs of the mountain lions and maintain their numbers with the heavy predation that these ratios bring. This is especially true when you consider the additional predation from coyotes, bears, and bobcats.

Livestock losses to mountain lions have become a serious concern of this team. The number of permits to take mountain lions that are killing livestock reached an all-time high in 1988, with 145 issued and 62 lions taken. Neal, Steger, and Bertram expect livestock predation to continue at a high level or even increase, and deer to continue to decline in all but the most favorable years.

To learn more about this subject, contact PSW Station and request Research Note PSW-392, titled Mountain Lions : Preliminary Findings on Home-Range Use and Density in the Central Sierra Nevada.



Courtesy of Jeff Rense



Will California Ever Fall into the Ocean?


Fault Types
Strike-slip faults move horizontally. Normal and reverse faults involve vertical movement. Thrust faults involve angled vertical movement.

San Andreas Fault. Images: USGS
Click to View

If plate tectonics followed the laws of Hollywood physics, Los Angeles would be tearing violently from the mainland as we speak. The scenario would probably include a buxom seismologist and a secret nuclear warhead, too.

But rest assured that, outside the movies, California Island won't be popping up on any maps. Much of California does lie along the San Andreas Fault, an 800-mile fracture in the Earth's crust stretching from the Gulf of California to San Francisco. Here two immense plates of rock, floating on a semi-molten layer, meet and move against each other in what's called a strike-slip fault.  The stress caused by this movement can result in devastating earthquakes, like the 1906 quake that destroyed much of San Francisco.

But the motion between these two rock masses beneath the Golden State is mostly horizontal. That is, the Pacific plate is moving "up" the coast, not away from the North American plate, at a rate of dozens of millimeters per year.

So in several million years, residents of San Francisco will see the L.A. skyline out their windows.



6 Dead in Soaked, Crumbling California

In Santa Paula, the swollen Santa Clara River devoured 150 feet of airport runway.


Published: February 23, 2005

BEVERLY HILLS, Calif.,  - Wind-whipped and rain-lashed, its coastal mountains crumbling, California endured another day of chaotic weather on Tuesday as the number of dead from the latest round of storms reached six.

As if the pounding rain was not enough, officials on Tuesday morning issued tornado watches for much of Southern California - an unusual occurrence here - on top of warnings about hail-filled thunderstorms carrying winds up to 65 miles an hour.

The six deaths attributed to the storm since Sunday included two people killed by mudslides that crashed into their bedrooms and a cross-country skier buried by an avalanche north of Lake Tahoe. Another was a civil engineer who fell into a huge sinkhole in the San Fernando Valley. Two others died in traffic accidents.

During the morning rush on Los Angeles's highways - an experience best left to the hardy even on a good day - the police reported some 120 accidents, up from about 50 a week in dry weather. A two-mile section of the Pacific Coast Highway near Malibu was closed by a landslide on Tuesday, hours after the police had reopened the Hollywood Freeway, a stretch of which was under several feet of water for four hours; some drivers, their doors jammed, escaped through windows.

In Silver Lake, a hilly neighborhood near downtown Los Angeles, a house slid 30 feet down a hill, its two occupants still inside, and was prevented from sliding more only by a robust pepper tree. The residents were unharmed, if suddenly homeless.

Another hill gave way in the exclusive Los Angeles quarter of Bel-Air, northwest of Beverly Hills, sending a swimming pool, the 20,000 gallons it contained, and the backyard that surrounded it tumbling into a neighbor's property below. The pool's owner, Lonnie McKee, told a television reporter that she knew something was amiss when she noticed "cracks in my patio."

"It just got progressively worse," Ms. McKee said. Her house and two others were red-tagged by city inspectors, an act tantamount to condemnation.

Six damaged houses were red-tagged in Pasadena and their residents ordered to leave. In Highland Park, just north of downtown Los Angeles, four houses on a sodden, slipping hillside suffered a similar fate, with their owners evacuated during the night.

Other houses were on the verge of collapse in Culver City, just south of here, and in Laguna Beach, in southern Orange County.

In Ventura County, more than 150 feet of runway at the Santa Paula airport disintegrated into the surging Santa Clara River, forcing the authorities to close the airfield.

"We've lost nearly the entire west third of the airport," Rowena Mason, president of the airport's association, told The Associated Press.

On Tuesday afternoon, after surveying the wreckage of homes in Silver Lake and Highland Park, Mayor James K. Hahn of Los Angeles estimated citywide damage at $10 million and asked Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger to urge President Bush to declare a state of emergency for the city, which would make it eligible for federal disaster assistance.

Officials are bracing for what may end up being the wettest year on record. As of Tuesday, downtown Los Angeles had received 33.95 inches of rain since July 1, more than twice the amount usually recorded in the 12-month period that is to end on June 30. Already Los Angeles has been through its fourth-wettest year since the record was set in 1883-84, when it had 38.18 inches of rain.

As the week began, severe thunderstorms laden with hail battered Northern California, although their severity had decreased by Tuesday, when two small tornadoes uprooted trees and damaged roofs near Sacramento, The A.P. said.

Rain near sea level means snow in the mountains, where some ski resorts have seen as much as 10 inches since Thursday. An advisory from the National Weather Service said an inch or more of snow per hour could fall in some locations before Wednesday. The snow level was expected to fall to around 5,000 feet, and as low as 4,000 feet in some places, the weather service said.

A flash flood watch remained in effect across much of Southern California on Tuesday. The current storm is expected to taper off by Wednesday, although sporadic showers could still appear through the weekend.

Meanwhile, commuters on Tuesday afternoon found themselves stymied on their journeys home by a slew of highway closings because of flooding, landslides, road damage.

California Landslide Damage Sites

Map of Major California Landslide Damage Sites

Activity related to recent heavy rainfall (1997-98)

Listings include landslides that damaged residences or caused casualties. Road blockages are too numerous to include. This is not a complete list, but probably represents most major landslide problem areas reported since the beginning of the 1997-98 winter season. The information is from a variety of sources, including the California Office of Emergency Services, the U.S.G.S., F.E.M.A., California Department of Mines and Geology, and the press.

Blucher Valley landslide, Sonoma County 

County inspectors have red-tagged one house and yellow-tagged another on the Blucher Valley landslide, southwest of Sebastopol. This slide, located on very gentle (10-20 degrees) dip slopes of the Wilson Grove Fm., originally moved in 1983, and is moving again. Tom Spittler (CDMG) visited the site on 3/9. Spittler reported that fractures are present down the face of the sli

Canoga Park, Los Angeles County 

A rain soaked hillside collapsed in Canoga Park area of the San Fernando Valley forcing the evacuation of 5 homes and threatening several other residences further down the hil


A chronic earthflow is beginning to show renewed movement. The earthflow passes under existing viaduct on U.S. 101 between Cloverdale and Squaw Rock

Cuyama River, Santa Barbara County 

A portion of the bank of the Cuyama River collapsed along highway 166. 13 miles east of Santa Maria, taking along a tractor-trailer rig and a half dozen cars, including a California Highway Patrol cruiser. Two people were reported killed.

Daly City, San Francisco County 

February 6, 1998, unstable slopes threaten seven homes in Avalon Canyon, Daly Cty.

Hurricane Point, Monterey County 

Hurricane Point/State Highway 1/Palo Colorado Canyon (from California Office of Emergency Services (OES) Situation Report. Monterey County of 3/10/98). S.H. 1 is closed by a landslide at Hurricane Point (8 miles NW of Big Sur). "Walkover" pedestrian traffic is now permitted from 5;30 to 6:30 a.m. aod 7:00 to 8:00 p.m. The "walkover" is steep, muddy, and covers a distance of 1/2 mile. Caltrans engineers reexamined the slide last week after new cracks were detected in the remaining roadway and the hillside above the road. The estimated time for repair is 4 weeks. In the meantime, Caltrans plans to utilize the Old Coast Road as a detour around the Hurricane Point slide. The Big Sur landslide situation remains dynamic; it will depend on the weather and on progress made by Caltrans on S.H. 1 repairs.

Klamath River, Siskiyou County 

Klamath River, State Highway 96, debris flow. This debris flow occurred on about February 14 in Siskiyou County, 12.7 highway miles north of the Humboldt County line . It blocked about 2/3 of the channel of the Klamath River, covered several hundred feet of S.H. 96, and had an estimated length of 1000-2000 ft.

Laguna Beach, Orange County 

A wall of mud plowed down Laguna Beach Canyon Road about 12:30 am, killing two people and injuring 10. It damaged two houses and eight homes were evacuated.

Laguna Nigel 

Laguna Niguel. A USGS geologist reported that a landslide occurred between 2:00 a.m. and 3:00 a.m. this morning, March 19, 1998, confirming television news reports of the same. No injuries or deaths resulted from the slide. The landslide occurred in an engineered slope that had shown signs of distress for the last 3 years. Cracks had been opening for a few days before the slide and houses at the head of the landslide were red tagged. Movement accelerated last night and several homes were evacuated. The toe of the landslide impacted condominiums and flattened about 5 or 6 of them. Two houses fell over the edge of the head scarp. Three others are hanging over the edge and could fall as soon as the nearly vertical scarp retreats. The houses were built in 1986. Local officials are making some effort to stabilize the slope, but details are unclear. No further information is available at this time.

Laguna Nigel: House #1 fallen over edge of the head scarp. Laguna Nigel: House #2 fallen over edge of the head scarp.

Lahonda, San Mateo County 

A USGS geologist reported that the main slide has been moving continually since at least 2/11; rain late last week caused accelerated movement. Three houses at the head of the slide are red-tagged and five other houses are on or adjacent to it. The slide appears to be enlarging in the downslope direction. USGS employees have been mapping the landslide and trying to determine its relationship to another, smaller landslide downslope from it. San Mateo County drilled three wells in a road that crosses the slide and has been pumping the wells since 2/26. Trenches were also dug and lined with plastic to provide drainage. The county geologist plans to drill exploratory borings and has been seeking USGS input on boring locations.

Las Lomas, Monterey County 

Flora Drive slide continues to move toward Las Lomas Drive. The toe has reached into the yards of three homes on Las Lomas Drive at the foot of Flora Drive. Seven homes on the west side of Las Lomas Drive may have to be evacuated if sewers or other utilities are disrupted. Monitoring and assessment of the slide continues.

Update 3/20/98 Little change as of 3/17/98 . The slide continues to move at a reduced rate but could accelerate if significant rainfall occurs next week. Houses on the slide are holding together, the two worst-damaged homes are in the middle of Flora Drive. Access and utility problems continue.

Malibu, Los Angeles County 

On Februarv 8, 1998, an ocean-eroded cliff buckled causing one home to collapse and threatened two other

Morro, San Luis Obispo County 

Reactivated landslides from 1995 storms are now affecting 34 homes, with 7-8 damage

Niles Canyon Debris Flow 

There are a few newly initiated debris flows and several others reported earlier show signs of recent activity.

Oakland, Alameda County 

Oakland, Alameda County, seven homes have been red-tagged, an additional seven homes have been yellow tagged, and 11 others are being monitored for potential trouble.

Orange, Orange County 

Accelerated movements are occurring on a reactivated landslide (from 1995) in the Anaheim Hills, part of the City of Orange. The Vista Summit Way landslide damaged 2-3 houses and may affect 3 city blocks.

Orinda, Contra Costa County 

Orinda, Contra Costa County, three houses remained in precarious situations after a mudslide threw them off their foundations.

Pacifica, San Mateo County 

Residents of seven homes evacuated on Esplanade Drive, Pacifica on February 22 as a result of sliding and erosion of the cliffs. In the last two weeks the 30 foot tall cliff has retreated 10 feet to the rear edge of the homes.

Update 3/20/98: Esplanade Sea-cliff Erosion, Pacifica—Cliff erosion, soil falls, and rock falls have slowed. There is still water seeping from the face. Material that is failing is mainly a fluvial deposit on top of a marine terrace deposit. Plans are progressing for seawall and other mitigative designs.

Ventura County Pipeline 

A hillside gave way rupturing an oil pipeline sending 8000 gallons of crude oil flowing into the ocean and severing a natural gas pipeline that sparked a 100 foot flame.

Rio Nido, Sonoma County 

Rio Nido, Sonoma County, 167 houses have been evacuated. Debris flows initiated on February 6 (10:35 p.m.) first failure, followed by a larger failure at 1:30 am on February 7 with destruction of 3 or 4 homes.

Updated 3/20/98: Following last Thursday's rain, a small debris flow (30 cubic yards according the Sonoma County Web page) occurred at Rio Nido. A monitoring station (E-1) appeared to register 1-2 inches of movement a few days afterward, however a USGS geologist indicated that the apparent movement was caused by the instrument wire being caught on a twig which deflected it out of line. The only real movement recorded since the instruments were installed occurred late in February at E-3, on the toe of the south chute. This movement slowed gradually to a stop. Landslide problems continue in nearby areas including the Fitch Mountain-Healdsberg area where two homes remained red tagged, and Goldridge where three homes were red tagged.

San Bruno, San Mateo County 

Crestmore Boulevard, San Bruno Ð The Crestmore landslide began to occur in manmade fill in 1997 in steep-sided, manmade fill on top of the Merced Fm. On February 12-13, 1998, it became an active, fully saturated debris flow. It now runs 600 feet long down the canyon and has impacted 2-3 homes on Madison Avenue. The volume is about 50,000 cubic yards. Planning is underway for remedial measures.

San Leandro, Alameda County 

A massive landslide is threatening seven homes on Hillside Drive, including two that had to be moved off their foundations over the weekend (2/21-22) to save them from the encroaching wall of mud. Bill Cotton, geologist, determined that the slide was about 90 feet high by 200 feet wide.

Update 3/11/98: The San Leandro slide now has a volume of 65,000-70,000 cubic yards; it has moved a total of about 5-6 feet on a slope of 1 ½ to 1. The slide is a translatory failure in decomposed and highly sheared gabbro near the Hayward fault. The subdivision was built in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Two homes have been moved by the slide. The slide has now been mapped and inclinometers positioned. Remedial measures are being planned.

Scott's Creek area, Santa Cruz County 

A debris flow occurred in this area and several old fills on existing roads have begun to crack and fail.

Sebastopol, Sonoma County 

Sebastopol, Sonoma County, a landslide threatened three homes in a rural area two miles west of Sebastopol. The slide - which is roughly 1,000 feet long by 200 feet wide - knocked one of the homes off its foundation. A second home is sliding down a hill, and a third is heavily damaged.

Shasta Lake, Shasta County 

Shasta Lake landslide, Interstate-5. This slide occurred in fill beneath the north-bound lanes of I-5 along the shore of Shasta Lake on about 11 February. The main slump heads outside the right guardrail; cracks have formed between the outside and inner northbound lanes. The outside lane has been closed to traffic for the past several days.


A landslide cascaded down a steep hillside on March 1 and destroyed a home. This landslide occurred more than five days after the rain stopped. It occurred in response to gradual infiltration of groundwater from rain that fell several days before.

Sycamore, Santa Barbara County 

Tons of mud flowed down onto a home ripped it from its foundation and shoved it about 5 feet down the hill. The landslide began about 8:45 p.m. Monday (23 February). There were no reported injuries.

Ukiah, Mendocino County 

A house in Ukiah is being affected by a rotational slide and has been red-tagged. There has been 12 feet of movement in 2 days. Area is within landslide mapping done by Sydnor and Bawcom for Mendocino county.

Ventura County 

A hillside gave way rupturing an oil pipeline sending 8000 gallons of crude oil flowing into the ocean and severing a natural gas pipeline that sparked a 100 foot flame.

West Lake, Los Angeles County 

On February 6, 1998, mud crashed into an apartment building in the Westlake area; more than 100 residents were evacuated.

Little Whiskey Creek area, Sonoma County 

Two small landslide failures occurred on roads along Little Whiskey Creek, a tributary of the Russian River. No sediment had reached the watercourse.



There are lots of little, cheap pet watering bowls, kits, etc.  but that's not what this dream was telling me about. The plumber had to install this one because the landslide had taken it out.

As a serious breeder and producer of specialty animals or birds you know the critical importance of making a clean supply of water available at all times. Water is the most critical nutrient in your livestocks' diet, making up as much as 85% of the living body and serving many purposes.

Water in the blood stream serves as a means for transporting nutrients to cells and returning waste to the lungs and kidneys. Water carries waste from the body, lubricates the joints, and helps maintain body temperature. Water also keeps eyes moist, protecting them from dust and other foreign objects.

An animal can lose nearly all of its body fat and half its protein and stay alive. However, the loss of more than 10% of its water will cause death. Deprivation of water for even a few hours can stress an animal, leading to health problems and reduced performance in breeding stock. In the wild, birds and animals obtain a major portion of their water in the natural foods they consume. But because the prepared feeds used in most facilities are low in moisture content, your animals must drink more water to sustain its daily dietary water requirement.

Average Daily Water Requirements
Animal oz./day
Rabbit 5.0
Guinea Pig (Cavy) 3.0
Chinchilla 1.3
Parakeet 0.3
Hamster 0.4
Gerbil 0.1
Rat 1.3
Mouse 0.2
Chicken 10.0
Squirrel Monkey 3.3
Rhesus Monkey 30.0



Grazing livestock drink from surface water sources such as streams, rivers, ponds or open ditches. Animal manure in and near surface water and sedimentation of the water from livestock disturbing the bed and banks of the watercourse can adversely affect water quality. Keeping livestock away from surface water can improve animal health and protect downstream water quality.

Water quality will improve if livestock are discouraged from entering surface water. Moving feed, salt and shade away from surface water reduces the risk of impact on the riparian areas. Providing alternative water can dramatically reduce the amount of time livestock spend in and around water. Livestock often show a preference to water troughs over surface water. Alternative water may come from streams, wells or ground water springs.

There are two main types of alternative watering systems that may be used:

  • pumps
  • gravity systems.

Electricity is not available on many pastures and it can be very expensive to install power lines for great distances. Alternative watering systems rely on a source of power other than electricity. Gravity systems utilize the force of gravity to move water. The type of system selected will depend on water requirements, site conditions, water source and cost.

Advantages of Alternative Watering Systems

  • Limiting or preventing livestock access improves surface water quality.
  • Health of the herd improves by providing a clean water source.
  • Better footing for livestock with a reinforced standing pad around watering tanks.
  • Can service multiple watering locations, resulting in potentially more uniform pasture utilization.
  • Reduced maintenance on ditch and stream banks.


Pump Systems

These systems obtain their power on-site. Sources of power include the livestock, flowing water, wind and sun.

Nose (Pasture) Pump

A water bowl is filled by a diaphragm pump, which is activated when the animal's nose pushes down on a lever. Animals should be 180 kg (400 lbs) or more to operate the nose pump and training is required. Smaller animals can use the pump with the installation of a special stall. One nose pump can water a maximum of 30 animals; although 15 - 20 animals are recommended to reduce competition . The pump is capable of 6.1 m (20 ft.) of maximum lift from the source to the bowl. Both the vertical lift for the water as well as the horizontal distance from the water source to the nose pump must be taken in consideration.

Install the units on a solid surface to prevent upset when an animal drinks and to reduce erosion and muddy conditions around the waterer. Minimal plumbing experience is required to install nose pumps. No auxiliary power is required, and material and installation costs are minimal. Nearby surface water, i.e. watercourse, pond, etc. or ground water from a shallow well may be utilized as the source. Frost-free units are available. Standard pump prices range from $250-$500; frost-free around $1,000.










The Bull: Jack Nicholson

An astrological look at the actor's chart

by Cortney Litwin

Smart, talented and wickedly funny, actor Jack Nicholson is a master of both drama and comedy. Who could forget his performance as a demented writer in the horror flick The Shining? Or his riveting, Oscar-winning performance as a mental patient in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest? With a career spanning five decades, and with 12 Oscar nominations to date (eight for Best Actor and four for Best Supporting Actor), he's the most nominated male actor in Academy Awards history. So what makes this intriguing Taurus tick? Let's check out his chart and see!

The eccentric
Born on April 22, 1937, Nicholson has Sun in practical, predictable Taurus. Predictable, you ask? Nicholson? Actually, his earthy Taurean nature is a bit, well, twisted by unconventional Uranus, the planet of brilliance and rebelliousness. This aspect accounts for Nicholson's genius as an actor. It also gives him a talent for over-the-top-maniacal performances, like the Joker in Batman. What's more, if his reported 11 a.m. birth time is accurate, he has Moon in Virgo, another Earth sign. Such strong Earth influences heighten his ability to make even the weirdest characters extraordinarily real. Additionally, with Mercury in Taurus trine Jupiter in earth-sign Capricorn, he has a practical mind with a head for business.

The lion
Adding to Nicholson's dramatic flair is ascendant in Leo, the sign of the performer. But there's a curveball here as well: Pluto, the planet of the Underworld, conjuncts his ascendant. This aspect gives him a complicated personality, given to willfulness, control issues and a tendency to go to extremes. However, in the world of film, the most interesting stories have compelling Pluto themes of psychopathy, obsession, jealousy, subterfuge, death and transformation. Pluto is also associated with psychology. Add this all together and we understand Nicholson's ability to bring a dark, even malevolent energy to his performances. He also has a sixth sense about what motivates a character, which adds to the realism.

The player
Not surprising, Nicholson's private life is as remarkable - and unconventional - as his career. He's allegedly had sex with 2,000 women, undoubtedly due to the adventurous combination of Venus in Aries and Mars in Sagittarius, along with his super-sensual Sun in Taurus. And having a strong Uranus hasn't helped in the domesticity department, either - Nicholson has had five children by four different women. His 17-year relationship to Anjelica Huston, a Cancer, was his longest. Like Nicholson, she has Sun conjunct Uranus and thus was drawn to his eccentric personality.

Secret childhood
Unconventional Uranus also shows up in Nicholson's early life. He's the son of June Frances Nicholson, a showgirl, but there's some dispute about who his father is. Adding to the confusion, Nicholson grew up believing that his grandparents were his parents and his mother was his sister. That is, until a Newsweek magazine journalist told him otherwise during an interview in 1974. Such secretiveness is the domain of Nicholson's Pluto in the 12th house of secrets.

As you may have guessed, complex charts like Nicholson's that bestow brilliance inevitably accompany great challenges in one's personal life. Whatever demons he's had to overcome, Nicholson's artistic gifts as an actor, writer and director has made him one of the great icons of Hollywood.




Jack Nicholson Teamed Up with Don Cheadle and Dennis Hopper for Charity

- The Hollywood legend presented a golf event in California

By: Entertainment News Staff

Jack Nicholson hosted the inaugural JACK NICHOLSON/ RUDY DURAN Celebrity Golf Classic in California at the weekend (09 OCT. '05), according to Contactmusic.

The 69-year-old Hollywood actor’s pals DENNIS HOPPER and DON CHEADLE joined him on the links and helped to raise over $600,000 (GBP333,300) for children's charities.

Abandoned by his father in his childhood, Jack Nicholson was raised with the certainty that his grandmother was his mother and his mother was his older sister.
The truth was revealed to him years later, when a Time magazine researcher uncovered it while preparing a story on the star.
The reason why this happened still remains a mystery.

Jack Nicholson was recently rumored to have been rejected by former Brookside actress Anna Friel, who performed in the Broadway musical Closer.

"He was really flirtatious and I went: 'Give over! How many women have you said that to? You're old enough to be my grandad.'" Friel wass quoted by as saying.

The famous dramatic actor, also known for his charity acts, has been nominated for 12 Academy Awards and he's won three times: for One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975, from the book by Ken Kesey), for Terms of Endearment (1984) and for As Good As It Gets (1997, with Helen Hunt). He first made a splash as hippie lawyer in Easy Rider (1969, with Peter Fonda and Dennis Hopper), and, three decades later, he remains a bankable star in such films as About Schmidt (2002), Anger Management (2003, with Adam Sandler ) and Something's Gotta Give (2003, with Diane Keaton and Keanu Reeves). He has also appeared in Chinatown (1974, opposite Faye Dunaway), A Few Good Men (1992, with Demi Moore and Tom Cruise) and as Jimmy Hoffa in Hoffa (1992).

In 1998, after Nicholson has visited Cuba and had a three hour conversation with Fidel Castro, he told Daily Variety: "He(Castro) is a genius." According to former Cuban intelligence officer Delfin Fernandez, Nicholson's hotel room in Cuba, was bugged with both video and audio recording devices at the instruction of Castro. (wikipedia)

In 2002, Jack Nicholson participated in a very large star-packed group for charity:

Some of Hollywood's most celebrated actors will take center stage for a once-in-a-lifetime live performance for charity--and you could be there to see it.

Paul Newman passed on September 27, 2008
We will miss him!

Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward have recruited an all-star cast--including Tom Hanks, Julia Roberts, Jack Nicholson, Matt Damon, Goldie Hawn, Warren Beatty, Annette Bening, Kevin Kline, Danny DeVito, Morgan Freeman, Brian Dennehy, Edward James Olmos and more--to join them in a staged reading of Ernest Hemingway's The World of Nick Adams on Monday, November 4, 2002, at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood.

The story is based on Hemingway's Nick Adams character and adapted by novelist A.E. Hotchner, Hemingway's friend and biographer. Hotchner adapted another Nick Adams tale, The Battler, for NBC in 1956--a production that starred a then-unknown Paul Newman. Newman will re-create his Nick Adams role in the Nov. 4 performance.

Funds from the show will help launch The Painted Turtle Camp, a multi-disease support center, in Lake Elizabeth, California, in 2003. The camp intends to provide support for 3,500 chronically and terminally ill children and their families each year at no cost. The Painted Turtle Camp is part of the Association of Hole in the Wall Gang Camps, a coalition of children's camps founded by Newman and Hotchner in 1986


 is a non-profit Internet-based organization that is an umbrella for many of the most vital and productive children's charities.

Unique online giving opportunities, coupled with live events and strategic marketing partnerships, are revolutionizing fundraising to benefit children everywhere. Areas that will benefit from the organization's efforts include emergency and medical care, basic human needs, safety, education, the environment and the arts.

Some of the charities that benefit include Juvenile Diabetes, City of Hope, the Duchess of York's Chances for Children, Reggie Jackson's Mr. October Foundation, Planet Hope and Special Olympics.'s sponsors include Wells Fargo Foundation, Yahoo! and National Airlines.

He also works for a group that funds film schools and other non-profits with famous actors.



Betty White is perhaps best known for her close association with the game show, Password, her affiliation with animal charities (Actors and Others for Animals),

Founded in 1971, Actors and Others for Animals is dedicated to the promotion of the humane treatment of animals. Our main mission is to curb the pet overpopulation problem by subsidizing spay/neuter surgeries. Together with other vital services, we are there to help pet guardians living on a low and/or fixed income care for their beloved companions. We are a community based animal welfare organization serving the greater Los Angeles area and surrounding counties. Our programs include: pet overpopulation, spay/neuter help, pet care, emergency medical help, pet-assisted therapy, humane education, and a feral cats assistance program.

Actors and Others for Animals
11523 Burbank Boulevard
North Hollywood, CA 91601
tel: (818) 755-6045
fax: (818) 755-6048

The American Kennel Club is non­profit with annual income over $60 million. Although it is frequently aligned with HSUS, it has numerous charitable projects from which to choose. AKC has just formed a Political Action Committee (PAC) which may cause concern because several AKC board members donated to Senator Santorum in support of PAWS, a national legislative action which could have virtually abolished hobby breeders.

     The Cat Fanciers Association (CFA) and The International Cat Association (TICA) registries don't have multi-million dollar budgets and don't solicit donations, but both are active and successful in fighting anti-pet legislation and protecting the interests of cat owners.

     National Animal Interest Alliance, founded by highly respected AKC board member Patti Strand, is a legislative alert organization aimed at education. NAIA Trust supports legal action when necessary. NAIA donations may be tax deductible but NAIA Trust contributions are non-deductible.

     Sportsmen's and Animal Owners' Voting Alliance emerged as a national force under Lobbyist Bob Kane. SAOVA is now guided by Susan Wolf who has proven her dedication through NC Responsible Animal Owners Alliance, part of a national network. SAOVA keeps animal owners informed on candidate's positions and judicious election endorsements. Most, if not all of SAOVA staff, are volunteers.

     Concerned Dog Owners Of California (CDOC) and other state/regional organizations such as RAOA have been very successful but are not as national in scope as are some of the above groups.

     PetPac is also California-based but has expanded into helping other groups with their extensive lobbying background and know-how. Example: Proponents of the infamous AB 1634 brought in TV personality Bob Barker to promote passage of the forced sterilization bill. PetPac presented movie star Lassie and trainer Rud Weatherwax in opposition. The media (and the crowds) went wild!

     BEWARE charitable groups which fail to publish an annual report, audited financial statement, and/or IRS form 990.

     Prefacing a short list of organizations we can not recommend is this state­ment from the SAOVA website which explains "animal rights" extremists thusly, "their legislative initiatives against hunting, breeding, entertainment, meat eating, or any other use of animals is through their political action committees (PACs) of which the largest and most visible at the federal level is Humane USA Members include The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), The Fund for Animals (FFA), Farm Sanctuary, ASPCA, Doris Day Animal League (DDAL), Animal Welfare Institute, The Ark Trust, Animal Rights Foundation of Florida, and others. DDAL and FFA recently merged with HSUS, making the latter not only the wealthiest and best organized of the animal rights advocacy groups, but Humane USA's chief client."

     According to, it would be prudent to request a tax return from the American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, well known to Animal Planet viewers as the ASPCA.  Local SPCA groups may not be affiliated with the ASPCA.

     The American Humane Association is well ranked but not generally supported by the well-informed, who let the AKC and Westminster Dog Show know their feelings when AHA received promotion during the telecast and subsequently offered cash inducements for dog clubs' sup­port. Offer rejected!

     People For The Ethical Treatment of Animals gets limited media publicity nowadays but continues to reach the public through billboards, public school materials, and coverage such as the recent HBO interview with Newkirk PETA values its "extreme radical" stance against all animal ownership and consumption of animal products including milk, cheese, leather shoes, silk blouses, etc.

     PETA may lose its $30 million a year tax exempt status due to affiliation with and support of the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) and Earth Liberation Front (ELF), which is on the FBI's top domestic terrorist list.

     According to the Humane Society Of The U.S. is "the wealthiest animal rights organization on earth." It reveals HSUS as "a 'humane society' in name only with $113 million in assets." Following Hurricane Katrina, the Louisiana Attorney General launched an investigation of HSUS which has yet to account for millions of dollars donated specifically to help Katrina animals, a plea for money it still uses.


     Although not as radical as PETA, HSUS employs former PETA managers and has vowed to end companion-animal breeding.

     Money-moving between charities is not uncommon.  Some secretly shuffle cash while others openly distribute to worthy organizations on behalf of the giver.  You may want to insure your donation does not support an organization with which you are philosophically opposed.

     Giving to a verifiable local animal charity is another option you can personally track success and benefits to the community.


Etty Hillesum

"All I wanted to say is this: the misery here is quite terrible and yet, late at night when the day has slunk away into the depths behind me, I often walk with a spring in my step along the barbed wire and then time and again it soars straight from my heart - I can't help it, that's just the way it is, like some elementary force - the feeling that life is glorious and magnificent, and that one day we shall be building a whole new world. Against every new outrage and every fresh horror we shall put up one more piece of love and goodness, drawing strength from within ourselves. We may suffer, but we must not succumb."
Etty Hillesum, Dutch Jew who died November 1943 at Auschwitz




"A Whole New World" was the featured pop single from the soundtrack to the 1992 Disney movie Aladdin. It was composed by Alan Menken with lyrics by Tim Rice. The song is a ballad between the primary characters Aladdin and Jasmine about the new world they're going to discover together.

I can show you the world
Shining, shimmering, splendid
Tell me, princess, now when did
You last let your heart decide?

I can open your eyes
Take you wonder by wonder
Over, sideways and under
On a magic carpet ride

A whole new world
A new fantastic point of view
No one to tell us no
Or where to go
Or say we're only dreaming

A whole new world
A dazzling place I never knew
But when I'm way up here
It's crystal clear
That now I'm in a whole new world with you
Now I'm in a whole new world with you

Unbelievable sights
Indescribable feeling
Soaring, tumbling, freewheeling
Through an endless diamond sky

A whole new world
Don't you dare close your eyes
A hundred thousand things to see
Hold your breath - it gets better
I'm like a shooting star
I've come so far
I can't go back to where I used to be

A whole new world
Every turn a surprise
With new horizons to pursue
Every moment red-letter
I'll chase them anywhere
There's time to spare
Let me share this whole new world with you

A whole new world
That's where we'll be
A thrilling chase
A wondrous place
For you and me



Definition of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are transmitted sexually by someone who is infected. These infections are usually passed by intercourse, but can also be passed through other types of sex, such as oral sex.

STDs can be caused by viruses or bacteria. If you have ever had sex, you may be at risk for having an STD. You are at higher risk if you have had many sex partners, have had sex with someone who has had many partners, or have had sex without using condoms (rubbers).

Description of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Sexually transmitted diseases (also called venereal diseases) are among the most common infectious diseases in the U.S. today. At least 20 STDs have now been identified. They affect more than 10 million men and women in this country each year.

It is important to understand at least five key points about all STDs in this country today:

  • STDs affect men and women of all backgrounds and economic levels. They are most prevalent among teenagers and young adults. Nearly one-third of all cases involves teenagers.
  • The incidence of STDs is rising, in part because in the last few decades, young people have become
    • sexually active earlier. Sexually active people today are also more likely to have more than one sex partner or to change partners frequently. Anyone who has sexual relations is potentially at risk for developing STDs.

    • Many STDs initially cause no symptoms. When symptoms develop, they may be confused with those of other diseases not transmitted through sexual contact. However, even when an STD causes no symptoms, a person who is infected may be able to pass the disease on to a sex partner. That is why many doctors recommend periodic testing for people who have more than one sex partner.

    • Health problems caused by STDs tend to be more severe and more frequent for women than men.

    • Some STDs can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a major cause of both infertility and ectopic (tubal) pregnancy. The latter can be fatal to a pregnant woman.

    • STD infections in women may also be associated with cervical cancer. One STD, genital warts, is caused by a virus associated with cervical and other cancers. The relationship between other STDs and cervical cancer is not yet known.

    • STDs can be passed from a mother to her baby before or during birth; some of these congenital infections can be cured easily, but others may cause permanent disability or even death of the infant.

    When diagnosed and treated early, almost all STDs can be treated effectively. Some organisms, such as certain forms of gonococci, have become resistant to the drugs used to treat them and now require higher doses or newer types of antibiotics. The most serious STD for which no effective treatment or cure now exists is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a fatal viral infection of the immune system.

    Major Types

    Diseases that can be transmitted sexually are:

    Papillomavirus (condylomas)

    Papillomavirus is a virus that causes growths (called condylomas or genital warts) and it is the most common STD in the U.S. Condylomas commonly accompany other STDs, such as gonorrhea. The virus is usually spread by direct contact with a wart from an infected person.

    Condylomas are fleshy growths that appear alone or in clusters. They usually break out in moist areas on or around the genitals (sex organs) and anus. Growths inside the genital organs are soft and red or pink. Outside growths are firm and dark. They are often no larger than the tip of a pencil, but they may combine to form large, cauliflower-like growths.

    Genital warts usually appear one to three months after contact, but some go undetected until they cause discomfort. Lesions can become infected and cause mild irritation or itching. Small condylomas may cause rectal pain or pain during intercourse. Papillomavirus may have a serious complication – the presence of condylomas has been linked to cervical cancer. Women with histories of genital warts should have a Pap test at least once a year.

    Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

    Each year, hundreds of thousands of people in the U.S. contract a sexually transmitted disease. Thus, it is important to understand what behaviors put you, your family and friends at risk. All of us must take responsibility for protecting ourselves and our partners. Simply addressing these issues does not imply approval of the sexual practices discussed.

    Most STDs are treatable, but AIDS has no cure and death is virtually certain. Therefore, education about this disease is vital. Although AIDS can be spread through shared use of contaminated needles among drug abusers, or rarely, through a blood transfusion, it is usually transmitted by sexual contact. The virus is present in semen and vaginal secretions and enters a person's body through the small tears in the vaginal or rectal tissues that can develop during sexual activity. AIDS is not considered a highly contagious disease; transmission of the virus occurs only after very intimate contact with infected blood or semen.

    On the other hand, STDs (such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, venereal warts and syphilis) are highly contagious and many can be spread through even brief sexual contact. However, none of these infections are spread through casual contact, such as handshaking, talking, sitting on toilet seats, or living in the same house with an infected person. The microorganisms that cause STDs (including AIDS) all die quickly once outside the body.

    The only sure way of preventing STDs and AIDS is through sexual abstinence or a relationship with only one uninfected person (straight or gay). If you have several partners, either heterosexual or homosexual, you place yourself at a high risk of contracting disease. At present, no vaccine is available to prevent any of the STDs.

    To help prevent the spread of STDs:

    • Know your sexual partner. Tell your sexual partner if you have an STD and ask your partner if they may have an STD.

    • Look for signs of an STD in your sexual partner. For example, look for sores around the penis or vagina. If your partner has:

    Chlamydia - Look for signs of itching around the vagina, a yellow and odorless discharge, pain during sex and pain and frequency during urination for women. Men may have pain or burning when urinating, and a watery, milky-colored discharge from the penis.

    Gonorrhea - Women may have a white, green or yellow discharge, painful urination, spotting between periods and sometimes fever and abdominal pain. Men may have a thick yellow discharge, painful urination and the opening of the penis may be sore.

    Syphilis - A painless red sore will appear where you were touched during intercourse. A few months later, you may have a fever, sore throat, headaches and joint pain.

    Herpes - A tingling and itching around the genitals. Small painful blisters may form in the area

    • Limit the amount of sexual partners.

    • Always use a condom when having sex.

    • Don't douche. Douching may spread infections higher into the womb.

    Use Of Condoms

    While condoms do not eliminate risk, the correct use of a condom and avoidance of certain sexual practices can decrease the risk of contracting AIDS, as well as other STDs. The condom (also known as a prophylactic, a rubber or safe) is a thin sheath, usually made of latex rubber, that covers the erect penis.

    When used correctly, a latex condom is effective, both for preventing pregnancy and for decreasing the chances of contracting most STDs (including AIDS). Condoms can be purchased over the counter at any drugstore and are available in various thicknesses, colors and shapes. They may be lubricated or unlubricated, have a plain end or a reservoir end, and have a smooth (the most common), ribbed or corrugated texture.

    Condoms can cost as little as three for a dollar, but usually the cost ranges from 50 cents to a dollar each. Condoms sometimes are made of animal membrane; however, some experts believe that the pores in such natural "skin" condoms may allow the virus to pass through. To be effective, the condom must be undamaged, applied to the erect penis before genital contact, and must remain intact and snugly in place until completion of the sexual activity.

    About a third of all condoms now sold in the U.S. are purchased by women. They can be kept in a pocket or purse until needed, and they provide protection against STDs. The condom can be placed on the erect penis of a male partner as a part of the initial foreplay; a man who objects to a condom may be less opposed to wearing one if his partner puts it on for him.

    Sexual Practices and STDs

    Different sexual practices carry different degrees of risk of contracting the AIDS virus. Receptive (passive) anal intercourse is the riskiest, because this may damage the anal and rectal membranes and allow the AIDS virus to enter the bloodstream. The passive partner is at a much higher risk of contracting the AIDS virus than the active partner, although gonorrhea and syphilis can be transmitted from the passive partner's rectum. Most studies have focused on male homosexuals, but heterosexual anal sex probably carries the same risk.

    Heterosexual vaginal intercourse, particularly with multiple partners, also carries a risk of contracting AIDS. The virus is believed to be transmitted more easily from the man to the woman than vice versa. This type of sex is how most other STDs are transmitted.

    Oral/genital sex is a possible (though probably uncommon) means of transmission of the AIDS virus. However, inserting the penis in the mouth (fellatio) with ejaculation and swallowing of semen is the most common cause of throat gonorrhea, and oral contact with the clitoris and vaginal opening (cunnilingus) is a frequent method of transmission of the herpes virus.

    Herpes is probably the only disease that can be contracted by light (dry) kissing, but deep (French) kissing may transmit other STDs. Activities that involve only skin-to-skin contact, (such as hugging, massage and mutual masturbation) with little or no exposure to body fluids, do not spread disease.

    Other Prevention Methods

    Spermicides are creams, foams, suppositories, jellies or film that a woman puts in her vagina to kill sperm. Lab studies show that spermicides also kill many of the germs that cause STDs. However, they offer less protection than condoms. For STD prevention, spermicides are best used with condoms, not in place of them.

    Diaphragm, Sponge and Cap These types of birth control are inserted into the vagina to hold spermicide up to the cervix (entrance to the uterus - womb). The spermicide used with these methods can help protect the cervix from STDs.

    Pill, Norplant, Depo-Provera and the IUD. The birth control pill, the Norplant implant and Depo-Provera injection, use man-made hormones to stop pregnancy. These devices give no protection against STDs. The IUD is a small device put inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy. It also gives no protection against STDs.

    Withdrawal, Washing or Urinating Withdrawing the penis before ejaculation is not a reliable way to prevent STDs. Washing or urinating after intercourse may help remove some of the germs that cause certain STDs, but they cannot prevent STDs.

    Questions To Ask Your Doctor About Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

    What tests are needed to determine if there is an STD?

    Does each condition have its own test, or is there one test for several STDs?

    Can any of these tests have a false reading?

    Do doctors automatically test for STD with complaint of a discharge (or other symptoms), or does an additional STD test need to be requested?

    How long can a STD stay dormant with no symptoms?

    Could a yeast infection be mistaken for a STD?

    What is the percentage of protection is there with condoms?

    Should the sexual partners be notified?

    How can you tell if the sex partner has STDs?

    How do you ask your partner if he/she has been infected?