The Dream and the Reality

by Dee


8-10-01 - I was in a large room with Joe. He was at the far end working on writing of some kind.

Joe asked me for another word that meant "Instant", so I gave him a short list of words such as "immediate", "momentary", "in a flash", etc.

He said that wasn't what he was looking for, so I asked him what he was working on, so I'd have a better idea of what he needed.

He said he didn't want to show me what he was wirting until he was finished.  I told him I didn't need to see his writing.

I was sitting at a piano and Joe came over and showed me a map of Wisconsin , Upper Michigan, a little of Minnesota, and included a strip of Canada that same width, all the way up to the shore of Hudson Bay.  It seemed there was a lot of water around Hudson Bay than I remembered.

Joe pointed out a black line that went all the way from Wisconsin up to Hudson Bay, and traced it with his finger.

I told Joe it looked like it would be a 'nice trip'.

Joe went back to his desk to continue writing and I began to play the piano. The music I chose was more or less classical, and difficult to play. I saw little birds above some of the notes which I played in arpeggios and trills.  I then chose a piece of music that was light green and had two pillar candles on it that were lit.  It was really pretty.

The Hudson Bay Company and the North lands

Amoco's First Fifty Years in Canada

University of Toronto - Environmental Studies Grey Literature

Search For Oil Marks Alta. Hunting Grounds

A U.S. company's search for oil in Alberta has left a crisscross pattern of severed trees on traditional hunting grounds, worrying some aboriginals in the area.

Anadarko Petroleum has cut 4,500 kilometers of seismic lines for testing in a valley that's home to the Kehewin Cree.

The company is marking land which is rich in oil and wild game, 200 kilometers northeast of Edmonton.

It's planning to develop as much as 250 square kilometers around the reserve.

Anadarko officials say they'll consult with the band to protect hunting grounds before they drill.

However, some of the aboriginals say the search itself may ruin traditional hunting grounds.

Eugene Cardinal points to a seismic line

"They use the land harshly without respect, then they just leave everything," says Eugene Cardinal, who hunts to feed his family. "They take the riches and leave us with the waste."

More conflicts of this kind can be expected in future across the province, predicts environmentalist Gray Jones.

"I think the oil companies with the bonanza we have right now are putting a push on developing native land around the province," says Jones. "So if this is the tip of the proverbial iceberg, I think what's happening in Kehewin is a microcosm of what will happen all over Alberta."

Not everyone who lives on the reserve, where unemployment is close to 80 per cent, is fighting the oil company.The Kehewin band council has already signed a deal with Anadarko to help create jobs.

"This first project we had with Anadarko was a starting point for Kehewin and Frog Lake," chief Eric Gadwa says. "What we're doing is training our people so we can meet the demands the oil companies have."


JUL 18, 2001

House Committee Approves Bush's Alaskan Refuge Drilling Plan


WASHINGTON, July 17 — House Republicans moved swiftly today to transform President Bush's energy plan into legislation as a committee for the first time endorsed the White House plan to drill for oil in an Arctic wildlife refuge.

After a heated debate over the drilling provision the House Resources Committee voted 29 to 19 to kill a Democratic amendment to ban exploration in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.

Five Democrats joined 24 Republicans in defeating the ban on Alaskan drilling, effectively endorsing the drilling plan.

The oil-drilling provision is now expected to move to the full House as part of a larger energy package in the coming weeks. But it faces a tough road there and an even tougher one in the Senate, where many Democrats and moderate Republicans oppose opening the refuge for oil exploration and have expressed resistance to expanded oil drilling on other federal lands.

Indeed, today's approval of oil drilling in the Arctic refuge sets the stage for a battle over Mr. Bush's energy plan on the House floor.

"I don't think we will drill in A.N.W.R," Representative Sherwood Boehlert, Republican of New York, said, using the abbreviation for the Arctic refuge. "It's much talked about but it isn't going to happen."

In an effort to bolster the Alaska oil-drilling provisions, Republican leaders have enlisted the support of trade unions to battle the environmental groups and try to persuade Democrats and moderate Republicans to support the bill.

The strategy splits two traditionally Democratic constituencies. Many unions support the drilling bill because it would create jobs for their workers.

"We are putting everything into it we can, along with many other members of organized labor," said Jerry Hood, principal officer for Teamsters Local 959 in Alaska. "By the end of September, we will be planning for the environmentally responsible opening of A.N.W.R. because it is going to pass."

The White House has worked behind the scenes with union leaders to try to push the bill in Congress. Last week, James P. Hoffa, the general president of the teamsters, appeared at a news conference with Representative Don Young, an Alaska Republican, and Interior Secretary Gale A. Norton.

"I think the votes are there on A.N.W.R.," said Representative Joe Barton, a Texas Republican, who helped write parts of the energy legislation. "We have to work it."

Also today, the Energy and Commerce Committee, hoping to lace the overall package with less contentious, more popular proposals, took up a bill to reward energy conservation and strengthen fuel efficiency standards for light trucks and sport utility vehicles, among other things.

Republicans plan to move other elements of the energy package to the full House later this week, including one that provides tax incentives for energy-efficient cars and solar energy devices.

But that measure is also running into opposition from Democrats, who said they supported the tax breaks but feared they would take too large a bite out of the budget surplus.

The committee has also postponed action on more complex energy bills dealing with electricity deregulation, the overhaul of electricity grids and the renewal of liability insurance for nuclear power plants.

Representative Billy Tauzin, the Louisiana Republican who is the committee's chairman, said it would take up those issues in the coming weeks.

The Republican push to move energy legislation comes as the public's concerns about energy appear to be waning. Gasoline prices have dipped and California has not yet suffered the rolling summer blackouts that had been feared.

Hoping to promote the White House plan, Mr. Bush, Vice President Dick Cheney and five cabinet secretaries traveled around the country to emphasize the need for a national energy policy.

House Republicans are moving swiftly on major elements of Mr. Bush's plan. But they are also trying to avoid following the exact tack taken by Mr. Bush and Mr. Cheney, who have been criticized for focusing too much on oil and too little on conservation and other environmentally friendly policies.

By making conservation one of the first major elements of the package, Republicans are trying to undo some of the political damage.

Democrats today, though, castigated Republicans for doing too little to reduce energy use and said that the committee's measure to toughen fuel efficiency standards could do more harm than good.

"This bill is a lost opportunity," said Representative Henry A. Waxman, a California Democrat.

The efficiency provision was the product of a compromise between Mr. Tauzin and Representative John D. Dingell of Michigan, the committee's ranking Democrat.

It would require the Transportation Department to raise fuel economy standards for sport utility vehicles and mini vans high enough to save five billion gallons of gasoline from 2004 to 2010.

The White House has not endorsed any increases in fuel economy standards.

In light of a draft report by the National Academy of Sciences that calls for even greater increases in fuel economy standards, Democrats on the committee said that the measure did not go far enough.

"It will reduce consumption by one-tenth of one percent but, due to loopholes, it will actually worsen motor vehicle fuel economy standards," Mr. Waxman said.

Other provisions in the two energy bills include tax breaks for cleaner coal-burning technology, and more money to help low-income households winterize their homes and pay their energy bills.

One of several oil-related provisions would encourage oil production on federal lands; another would allow companies to pay royalties in gas or oil instead of cash.

The Resources Committee legislation, to which the arctic drilling measure was attached, was passed by the full committee tonight.

Friday 29 June 2001

Oil-hungry U.S. behind Enbridge's $450M pipeline expansion

Canadian pipeline giant Enbridge Inc. said Thursday it's seeking regulatory approval for a $450-million expansion of its Terrace Project that will further increase capacity of its crude oil pipeline system.

The expansion will add to the company's main east-west pipeline in Canada and additional pumping stations. In the U.S., 193 km of new pipe will be added in Minnesota and Wisconsin.

The move is part of a plan to expand North American oil pipeline capacity as Canadian energy producers prepare to ramp up petroleum exports to meet growing demand in the United States.

The $450-million pricetag for the expansion will be split between Enbridge and its U.S. partner, Lakehead Pipe Line Partners, L.P. It is expected to increase shipments by about 140,000 barrels of oil a day.

While the regulatory process is under way in the U.S., applications will be filed with Canada's National Energy Board, Enbridge said Thursday.

"The launch of the third phase of the Terrace expansion project this week reflects a continued cooperative approach between Enbridge and our crude oil shippers to initiate mainline capacity expansions far enough in advance to be ready when required," Enbridge president Patrick Daniel said in a release. "Enbridge earnings from our crude oil mainline will benefit significantly from the launch of Phase III, beginning this year."

Application for the Terrace expansion comes even before the second phase has been built.

With regulatory approval recently granted, construction is scheduled to start this summer on the $120-million phase 2 part of the project. It involves building 123 km of new pipeline between Hardisty, Alta., and Kerrobert, Sask.

The combined expansion of Enbridge's Terrace line is a "phased approach to pipeline expansion, with each phase proceeding as required by producers," the company said.

"The Canadian petroleum industry is obviously rising to the challenge of continued growth in demand for crude oil," said Pierre Alvarez, president of the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers. "And continued pipeline expansion is clearly needed to meet the expected increase in heavy and oil sands throughput."

In trading on the Toronto stock market Thursday, Enbridge shares closed unchanged at $40.

Enbridge to Proceed with $450 Million Third Phase of Terrace Expansion Project

6/29/2001 Enbridge Inc.(NASDAQ:ENBR) (TSE:ENB.) announced it has received industry notification, as per the Terrace Agreement between Enbridge and the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers, to proceed with the application for the third phase of its Terrace Project to expand the capacity of its crude oil pipeline system.

Terrace Phase III involves the construction of 193 kilometers (120 miles) of new 914-millimetre (36-inch) pipeline over five separate construction segments on the Lakehead Pipe Line system between Clearbrook, Minnesota, and Superior, Wisconsin. The project also includes construction on the Canadian portion of the Enbridge mainline system, for additional pumping stations and other facility modifications to meet the new transportation capacity requirement.

The CDN $450 million project will add approximately 140,000 barrels per day of incremental capacity to the pipeline system, completing the Terrace Expansion Project first announced in 1997. Of the total amount, CDN $135 million will be spent in Canada by Enbridge, and US $200 million will be spent in the U.S. by Lakehead Pipe Line Partners, L.P.

Regulatory applications will be filed with the National Energy Board in Canada by the fourth quarter of 2001. The permitting process in the U.S. is currently in progress. Following regulatory approval, construction would commence in the U.S. as early as January 2002, with an in-service date of mid-2003.

Patrick D. Daniel, President & Chief Executive Officer of Enbridge, said, "The launch of the third phase of the Terrace Expansion Project this week reflects a continued cooperative approach between Enbridge and our crude oil shippers to initiate mainline capacity expansions far enough in advance to be ready when required. Phase III comes on the heels of Phase II and the Line 14 Chicago extension project, which were both launched late last year. These expansion calls by our shippers confirm the outlook for strong growth in Western Canada crude oil production over the next several years as large bitumen and synthetic oil projects come on stream. Enbridge earnings from our crude oil mainline will benefit significantly from the launch of Phase III, beginning this year."

The Terrace Expansion is a phased approach to pipeline expansion, with each phase proceeding as required by producers. The first phase of the Terrace project involved the construction of 780 kilometers (485 miles) of new 914-millimetre (36-inch) pipeline over 15 separate construction segments between Kerrobert, Saskatchewan, and Clearbrook, Minnesota. The $825 million project was completed in the spring of 1999 and added 170,000 barrels per day of incremental capacity to the Enbridge mainline system.

"The Canadian petroleum industry is obviously rising to the challenge of continued growth in demand for crude oil," said CAPP President Pierre Alvarez, "and continued pipeline expansion is clearly needed to meet the expected increase in heavy and oil sands throughput."

The $120 million second phase of the Terrace project was recently approved by the National Energy Board and involves the construction of 123 kilometers (77 miles) of new 914-millimetre (36-inch) pipeline over three separate construction segments located between Enbridge's Hardisty, Alberta, terminal and its Kerrobert, Saskatchewan, station. Construction is scheduled to commence in the summer of 2001 and the expanded facilities are expected to be in service by the first quarter of 2002. Terrace Phase II will increase capacity on Enbridge's main system by 40,000 barrels per day.

Ultimately, the completed Terrace Expansion will provide an additional 350,000 barrels per day of incremental system capacity for Western Canadian producers seeking greater access to U.S. Midwest markets.

Enbridge Inc. is a leader in energy transportation, distribution and services in North America and internationally. As a transporter of energy, Enbridge operates, in Canada and the U.S., the world's longest crude oil and liquids pipeline system. As a distributor of energy, Enbridge owns and operates Canada's largest natural gas distribution company, which provides gas in Ontario, Quebec and New York State; and is involved in the distribution of electricity. The company is also involved in international energy projects and has a growing involvement in the natural gas transmission and midstream businesses. In addition, Enbridge provides retail energy products and services to a growing number of Canadian and U.S. markets. The company employs approximately 6,000 people, primarily in Canada, the U.S. and South America. Enbridge common shares trade on The Toronto Stock Exchange in Canada under the symbol "ENB" and on The NASDAQ National Market in the U.S. under the symbol "ENBR". Information about Enbridge is available on the company's web site at www.enbridge.com.

CONTACT: Enbridge Inc.



JANUARY 22, 2001 - 15:33 EST

Enbridge Inc.: Line 4 Restarted

EDMONTON, ALBERTA--Enbridge Pipelines' Line 4 oil pipeline was restarted Saturday evening (January 20th) after being shut down last week due to a leak near Hardisty, Alberta. The line carries heavy crude types from Western Canada to Superior, Wisconsin, where the oil is forwarded on to refineries in Ontario and the U.S. Midwest.

Crews installed temporary bypass piping to send crude shipments around the site of the leak, which is under repair. The pipeline is being operated at approximately three-quarters of its maximum capacity of 102,000 m3 (640,000 barrels) per day while the permanent repair is being completed. Enbridge expects the line to resume shipping producers' volumes at full rates within a day or two. Throughput stalled by the shutdown will be made up over the next several weeks.

Vacuum trucks have so far recovered more than 80 per cent of the oil from beneath the ice covering the slough where the leak occurred. About 3,000 m3 (19,000 barrels) of the oil spilled was pumped out by this method. Enbridge anticipates picking up most of the remainder using vacuum trucks and skimmers to capture oil still floating on the slough's surface. Recovered oil is being transported to storage tankage at Hardisty. Enbridge is working in close cooperation with each of the regulatory and environmental agencies involved to ensure the clean up and remediation is carried out in compliance with all standards for safety and environmental protection.

The pipe section that failed is being cut out and taken for metallurgical analysis to determine the precise cause of the leak. The spill was not a threat to public safety.

Edmonton-based Enbridge Pipelines Inc., a subsidiary of Enbridge Inc. of Calgary, operates the world's longest crude oil and petroleum products pipeline system. The pipeline extends almost 14,000 kilometres, crossing diverse geographic regions in one territory, five provinces and seven states.


Enbridge Pipelines Inc.
Alan Roth
Manager, Public Affairs
(780) 420-5287
Website: www.enbridge.com

From: http://www.lakehead.com/investor/invest_tmln.html

Monday August 13, 2001

1949 - Lakehead Pipe Line Company, Inc. - predecessor to the Lakehead Partnership - was incorporated. A crude oil pipeline was built in 151 days to transport crude oil from the oil fields of western Canada to Superior, Wisconsin. During the next four decades, the system expanded many times.

1991 - The pipeline system was transferred to the new master limited partnership, Lakehead Pipe Line Partners, L.P. The Partnership's Preference Units commenced trading on The New York Stock Exchange, under the symbol "LHP". Lakehead Pipe Line Company, Inc. became General Partner of the new MLP. The General Partner's ultimate parent company is Enbridge Inc. of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

1992 - The Lakehead partnership commenced payment of quarterly cash distributions, with the original rate set at 59 cents per unit.

1994 - Capacity Expansion Program (CEP) was completed, bringing system capacity to 1.476 million barrels per day (bpd), an increase of 170,000 bpd.

Quarterly cash distributions were increased to 64 cents per unit.

1995 - Enbridge acquired and connected two strategic feeder pipelines in Saskatchewan and North Dakota in order to increase overall main system delivery capability.

1996 - A Settlement Agreement with the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP) was approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). The Agreement restored regulatory stability, provided predictable indexed tariff rates and set the basis for tolls applying to future expansions.

System Expansion Program (SEP I) was completed bringing system capacity to 1.571 million barrels per day. SEP I, combined with earlier system improvements, provided approximately 95,000 bpd of incremental capacity.

Quarterly cash distributions were increased to 68 cents per unit.

Enbridge invested in Mustang pipeline which provided access from the Lakehead System to the important Patoka and Wood River, Illinois, pipeline hub and refining center.

Upon expiration of the preference period, Preference Units were converted to Class A Common Units.

1997 - Hartsdale Terminal, located in the Chicago area, was purchased to provide an additional 900,000 barrels of storage for the expanding Lakehead System.

Quarterly cash distributions were increased to 78 cents per unit.

1998 - Quarterly cash distributions were increased to 86 cents per unit.

1999 - System Expansion Program II and Terrace Expansion Program Phase 1 were completed, bringing system capacity to 1.738 million barrels per day, an increase of approximately 170,000 bpd.

Quarterly cash distributions were increased to 87.5 cents per unit.

Enbridge completed a pipeline link between the Lakehead System and two refiners in Michigan and Ohio, respectively, to open a new market for western Canadian heavy crude oil producers.

Enbridge built the Athabasca pipeline to transport expected significant increases in production from the Alberta Oil Sands deposits to the main Enbridge/Lakehead System.

2000 - Enbridge was requested by the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers to proceed with Terrace Expansion Program Phase II. The expansion will increase capacity of the Enbridge System by approximately 40,000 barrels per day by mid-2000. These volumes are expected to access U.S. markets utilizing Lakehead System capacity (modestly reduced to 1.727 million barrels per day by operational changes during the year).

2001 - Lakehead announced adoption of a new strategy aimed at accelerating growth in cash distributions. The strategy involves expanding the geographic scope of the Partnership to the entire U.S.A. and expanding the business scope to all suitable types of energy transportation assets, including terminals, feeder systems and natural gas assets. Participation in these segments will be proactively developed through acquisitions.

Lakehead acquired the Enbridge Pipelines (North Dakota) System comprised of 330 miles of crude oil gathering lines connected to a 620 mile trunk line, with an operating capacity of 84,000 barrels per day. The System gathers crude oil in North Dakota and Montana and receives Canadian crude oil from Enbridge’s Saskatchewan gathering system, for delivery primarily to the Lakehead System.

Last posting: 07/20/2001 06:27:06

About Lakehead

Copyright © 2001 Lakehead Pipe Line

Canadian E&P

Murphy's Canadian activities include an interest in the world's largest synthetic crude oil operation and interests in two oil fields under development offshore eastern CanadaÑHibernia (6.5% interest) and Terra Nova (12% interest). These will add significant new oil production over the next several years. Hibernia production averaged a gross 65,000 barrels per day in 1998 and is expected to reach its plateau rate of 135,000 barrels per day in 1999. Terra Nova is expected to produce first oil in late 2000 and a gross plateau rate is expected to be achieved by 2001-02. Gross production from the Syncrude project (5% interest) is expected to increase from about 80 million barrels in 1999 to 120 million barrels in 2003.

Murphy Oil Co.


1942 Imperial joins the Canadian and U.S. governments in Canol, a project to provide fuel for the U.S. war effort in the northern Pacific.

1947 A major oil discovery at Leduc, Alta., by Imperial signals the beginning of Canada's role as a major oil producer.

1949 Imperial and others form the Interprovincial Pipe Line Company to build a pipeline from Edmonton to Superior, Wisconsin.

Imperial Oil

From: http://www.undergroundinfo.com/pgj%20archive/arc140.htm

In other news, Guardian officials signed an agreement with Regina Saskatchewan-based IPSCO Inc. for supply and delivery of the steel pipe to build the 141-mile, 36-inch diameter segment of the project.

Contract terms call for IPSCO to begin production of the pipe in the fall of 2001 in support of the start of construction in early 2002. This timetable will keep Guardian on tract to meet its scheduled in-service date of November 2002.  All pipe used for Guardian will be performance tested during manufacture, before operations begin and will exceed U.S. DOT safety standards.

Guardian Pipeline is a partnership of three Midwestern energy companies: CMS Energy, WICOR and Viking Gas Transmission Company, a wholly owned subsidiary of Northern States Power Company.

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