MISSING, LOST AND WRECKED SHIPS
OF THE WORLD
THE QUEEN ELIZABETH II
IS THIS A PROPHECY?
|2-3-05 - DREAM - I was an investigator for a large
company. This company was involved in a lot of things, so I was able to
travel around and look at interesting things, but there was always a
problem to solve.
The first thing I saw was a sky blue planet. Its number was 333 and I
was shown that there was one man standing on it. I came to know that the
planet was called Earth.
Then I saw how the man taught his children. They were taught by
The man sat his one year old daughter down on the floor in a small
room and lit a candle and taught her how to blow at it - hopefully to
blow it out like one does with a birthday candle.
Then he did it again and put her in a closet with the lit candle on
the floor and then started covering the girl and the candle with tents
of paper toweling.
I panicked, knowing how dangerous that is, and I tried to grab the
paper toweling away from the candle and the man stopped me. He said,
"I taught her how to blow out the candle, now she has to learn by
experience that that is what she has to do before the paper catches
I didn't like such a dangerous way to teach something to a child but
I could stop the man from teaching the child the way he wished to.
I next went to an apartment building where they were having a problem
with gas stoves not working properly.
All the stoves were in one room, side by side and all hooked together
on one gas line. The stoves themselves were large as stoves go, but each
one only had two burners which wasn't excessive, but the first stove had
both burners on and the gas was blue but popping in and out like there
wasn't enough oxygen for the gas supply, one could easily see the
problem and one couldn't use all those stoves at the same time. There
was neither enough gas, nor was the oxygen ratio good enough to keep the
flame lit on one stove much less all the stoves.
I then went to a large store at a mall. The first problem I saw was
that the floor was slanted and then I saw that the floor was dented in
many places and something with water in it was leaking and the water
accumulated in the low spots where it shouldn't be because people had to
walk there and that was dangerous, so I recommended that the entire
floor be replaced.
At the store, I met a young woman who had a similar job to mine, but
she was wearing 4-wheel boot roller-skates and she really got around
fast from place to place.
I admired her energy and ambition and I wanted to be more like her,
so I thought maybe we could work together on one investigation.
She showed me a museum diorama with three windows and in each window
was a painting of a massive ship that had sailed the seas in the past,
but no longer did because there had been a problem and the ship had
sunk. All the windows in the diorama were dark, but there was just
enough light to see the names on the ships. I didn't see the name on the second ship but the third one was clearly Queen Elizabeth II.
I questioned that. The Queen Elizabeth II was sailing the seas - what
was wrong with it? Why was it pictured in the dark like other past
Here was the perfect investigation the other girl and I could do
together. Prevent the Queen Elizabeth II from going down like the other
The other girl started writing up a report on this investigation and
wanted a number assigned to the report. I said, "We can't put a
number on a report until we've actually done some work on it."
She was rather put out because she had already done some preliminary
work on the problem, but I hadn't done anything yet, so I couldn't
assign a number to the report yet.
The woman on skates left for a few moments and I looked at her desk
which had several large, thick folders, full of photographs and reports
of past things she had investigated.
So I tried to find the report she had started on the Queen Elizabeth
II to assign a number to the investigation, but I couldn't find it. She
had already taken the report and started the investigation without
She was on skates and I was walking so she would get there before
So I took a train to get to the ship quicker and I was laying down
relaxing while the train was moving. We were going under bridges that
all had our company name on because we owned the railroad too.
On each yellow covered bridge overhead, that we went under was the
Queen Elizabeth II
Cunard Line proudly continues a tradition of luxury cruising
that began in 1840. Today its flagship, Queen Elizabeth 2, is the
world's most famous ship and the greatest liner of her time. She
maintains the legacy of her Cunard and
White Star Line(TM) predecessors in providing a
definitive annual World Cruise and the only scheduled
transatlantic liner service. QE2 very much sets the standard of
traditional British elegance, superb White Star Service(TM),
gourmet cuisine and sumptuous accommodations that have secured
Cunard's reputation. In 2000, QE2 was joined by another classic liner,
Caronia, formerly known as Vistafjord, which also delivers an elegant,
Old World cruising experience. Whether on voyages or cruises,
these two Cunard Line vessels create a new golden age of ocean
liner travel, for those who missed the first.
She was built by the Clydebank yards of John Brown and
Company, with the first keel plates laid on June 5, 1965. She
was launched by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, on September 20, 1967.
Incidentally, this event happened two days before the Queen
Mary made her last departure from New York City.
The Queen Elizabeth 2 (commonly called the QE2)
left for her sea trials on November 26, 1968. However, she had
serious turbine problems, as well as other embarrassing defects.
Cunard refused to accept her in such a state, and she returned to her
builders to repairs to be made. On January 2, 1969, the Queen
Elizabeth 2 entered Southampton. However, problems were again
encountered, and Cunard again refused her. With great
embarrassment, her maiden voyages (five had been scheduled as
"maiden" sailings) were cancelled, and she was sent back to
the Clydebank. This would not be the last time that the Queen
Elizabeth 2 would encounter technical problems.
The first dramatic incident of the ship's career occurred
in January 1971. Whilst cruising in the Caribbean it received an SOS call
from the French liner Antilles. It had run aground near Mustique
and leaking fuel oil had caught fire inside the ship. By the time the QE2
arrived the French ship was an inferno. The passengers had already been
taken ashore to Mustique in the lifeboats. The passengers boarded the QE2,
and two other French ships that had come to assist, during the night. The Antilles
capsized and sank the next day and the passengers were landed in Barbados.
Whilst traveling from New York to Southampton, on 17 May
1972, the captain received a message that there was a bomb on board and
that it was timed to go off during the voyage. A search by crew members
proved fruitless so a bomb disposal unit was flown out and parachuted into
the sea close to the ship. The incident turned out to be a hoax but the
FBI succeeded in arresting the culprit. The bomb disposal team were
awarded the Queen's Commendation for Brave Conduct. By 1974 the cruising
business had expanded and the QE2 was operating profitably. On 1
April that year, whilst on a cruise from New York to San Juan, a technical
fault caused the propulsion machinery to shut down. The ship was disabled
and it was not until 3 April that the Sea Venture, a Flagship
Cruises vessel, arrived to assist. The passengers were transferred and
tugs were hired to tow the QE2 back to Bermuda. Subsequent repairs
meant that the Easter cruise had to be cancelled.
The QE2 returned to Southampton on 11 June and work began on
restoring the ship for commercial service. Following its annual overhaul,
in November 1983, the ship developed boiler problems which resulted in the
cancellation of a cruise. The following year, in April, the ship suffered
minor damage after colliding with a breakwater at the Piraeus, in Athens,
but repairs were carried out quickly. In October an electrical fire caused
a complete loss of power and delayed the QE2 for two days. On its
return to Southampton it was decided that diesel engines would have to be
fitted to the ship in order to increase efficiency. This was done by Lloyd
Werfte at Bremerhaven and was expected to save the company £12 million a
year in fuel costs. Nine diesel electric engines, new propellers and
equipment to capture heat expelled by the engines were fitted. The
passenger accommodation was also extensively improved. The work meant that
the ship was out of service from November 1986 to April 1987. The QE2
then underwent trials in the North Sea and returned to commercial service.
Despite being constantly in the eye of the world's press and the financial
difficulties involved in running the ship it is still in service today.
The QE2 is still successful and is the last of the great Cunarders
built for the transatlantic service.
- Adapted from the Cunard Archives
New York Harbor
Pool Table -- as the ocean liner RMS
Queen Elizabeth II got into
a fender-bender with 2 moored warships July 5, a day after all 3 vessels
took part in the 4th of July festivities. The QE2 was entering a Hudson
River slip when it bumped the Japanese warship Kashima,
which in turned banged into the British warship HMS
Manchester. Damage was
slight: scraped paint on both the QE2 & the Kashima, scrapes &
some bent metal on the Manchester. No injuries. U.S. Coast Guard is
investigating. Thousands of tall ships & other vessels sailed through
New York Harbor on U.S. Independence Day. (Wed. July 5 2000)
2006 CRUISE AROUND CAPE HORN
|QUEEN MARY 2 WILL OFFER HISTORIC CAPE HORN
PASSAGE IN 2006
|World’s Grandest Liner to Offer
Cunard Line has announced its 2006 winter cruise programme that
features two epic Liner Voyages that will virtually circumnavigate
South America. The new itineraries aboard the world-famous luxury
liner Queen Mary 2 will feature a number of exciting maiden calls
including a visit to Los Angeles.
Highlighting the new programme is a Liner Voyage in the grand Cunard
tradition. The 38-day “South America Odyssey” lets passengers
round Cape Horn via the Drake Passage, Beagle Channel and the
Straits of Magellan. When Queen Mary 2 embarks on her journey, she
will be the largest passenger vessel to ever navigate those storied
waters. The historic voyage will visit vibrant South American
capitals, world-class resorts, remote settlements, wildlife
sanctuaries and treasures of civilisation. Prices start from $8,499
per person, double.
“When Queen Mary 2 visits a port for the first time she is
welcomed in royal fashion with great fanfare,” said David
Gevanthor, Cunard’s vice president of marketing. “These Cape
Horn Liner Voyages offer guests the opportunity to share this
excitement as they partake in an epic passage around the tip of
From January through April 2006 Queen Mary 2 will chart a memorable
course through the East Indies and along the Atlantic seaboard of
South America, around Tierra del Fuego to Chile and the Pacific
Coast, then on to the Mexican Riviera, Hawaii and the United States.
For those with wanderlust, but not unlimited vacation time, it is
possible to choose from five shorter itineraries, which range from
three to 14 days long. Air add-on fares are available from 161 North
American cities in connection with the South America programme.
“Panama & the Caribbean” – departing January 3, 2006 –
is a 12-day, round-trip cruise from the cold of New York to warm
Caribbean climes with calls at St. Thomas, Curacao, Cristobal,
Puerto Moin in Costa Rica. With the ship’s Pavilion Pool and
Jacuzzis on Deck 12 covered by a retractable, glass roof, it’s
possible for passengers to escape the inclement weather shortly
after embarkation. As a sightseeing highlight, tours to the Panama
Canal are offered from Cristobal. Cruise prices begin at $2,599 per
person, double, including early booking savings.
“Route to Rio” will see the triumphant return of Queen Mary 2 to
Rio de Janeiro after a one-year hiatus – her inaugural visit in
February 2004 to celebrate Carnival was heralded throughout Brazil
and neighbouring nations. A southbound voyage departs New York for
Rio January 16, 2006, calling at St. Kitts, St. Lucia and Salvador
de Bahia, Brazil, en route. The reverse itinerary departs Rio on
April 3, 2006, and visits Barbados in place of St. Lucia. Prices for
the 12-day cruise start from $2,799 per person, double.
“Cape Horn & Chilean Fjords” is a 12-day navigation of
Patagonia. The Rio to Valparaiso (Santiago) voyage – departing
January 27, 2006 – visits Montevideo, Uruguay; Ushuaia, Argentina;
and Punta Arenas and Puerto Montt in Chile. The reverse itinerary
departs March 22, 2006. Scenic wonders abound including the Straits
of Magellan, Chilean fjords and Lake District, Tierra del Fuego and
even a flightseeing excursion to Antarctica. Prices start from
$2,999 per person, double.
“Andes & the Americas” – between Valparaiso and Los
Angeles – is a two-week cruise to ports in seven countries. Queen
Mary 2 will call at Callao, Peru (gateway to Lima); Esmeraldas,
Ecuador (for Quito); Fuerte Amador, Panama; Puerto Caldera, Costa
Rica; and Acapulco. From Fuerte Amador passengers can join an
excursion to the Panama Canal Zone. The Valparaiso to Los Angeles
itinerary departs February 8, 2006, and operates in the reverse
direction March 8. Prices start at $3,299 per person, double.
“West Coast Escape” – February 22-25, 2006 – is a
three-night voyage designed to enable Californians to sample the
myriad pleasures of Queen Mary 2. The round-trip Los Angeles cruise
makes a stop at Ensenada along the way. Prices start at $749 per
“Royal Hawaiian Liner” – departing February 25, 2006 – is an
11-day “liner voyage” sailing round-trip from Los Angeles to the
Hawaiian Islands of Maui, Honolulu and Kailua-Kona. Prices start at
$2,749 per person, double.
Queen Mary 2 is the largest (151,400 tons), longest (1,132 feet),
tallest (236 feet), widest (135 feet) and most expensive ($800
million) passenger vessel ever built. There are 1,310 suites and
cabins available in degrees of style and comfort ranging from
pampered elegance to almost unimaginable luxury. In fact, the
liner’s Grill-level luxury accommodations received top marks from
the Berlitz guide, besting such lines as Crystal, Silversea and
Radisson Seven Seas.
Among the many notable facilities on board Queen Mary 2 are 10
dining venues, including a Mediterranean speciality restaurant run
by star chef Todd English, the only spa at sea operated by Canyon
Ranch health resorts, the largest ballroom at sea, the largest
library at sea, the largest wine collection at sea, a Veuve Clicquot
Champagne Bar, a two-story theatre, a casino, five indoor and
outdoor swimming pools, hot tubs and children’s facilities with
|Date Posted: 11/12/2004
Largest cruise ship set for maiden voyage
Monday, May 1, 2006;
SOUTHAMPTON, England (Reuters) -- The
world's largest cruise ship docked in England on Saturday ahead of
its inaugural trip -- a floating behemoth that dwarfs the Titanic,
with facilities never imagined at the dawn of the liner age.
At 158,000 tons, the Freedom of the Seas offers a pool with
artificial waves for surfers, an ice rink and cantilevered
whirlpools that extend out from the sides of the ship, 112 feet
above the sea.
The vessel, which will sail next Wednesday for New York before
heading to its Miami base from where it will ply the Caribbean
trade, wrested the crown as the world's biggest liner from the
151,000-tonne Queen Mary 2 launched over two years ago.
The ship can hold over 3,600 guests, is 15 decks high and is
the length of 37 buses.
The gleaming white vessel edged into Southampton port,
southern England on a sunny morning on Saturday and will be welcomed
with a fireworks display in the evening.
The vessel will entertain guests including VIPs and travel
journalists in Southampton before traveling to New York, where a
naming ceremony will take place.
But Freedom's time at the top may be short-lived amid talk of
even larger ships. A vessel code named Project Genesis is already
set to make an appearance in 2009 at 220,000 tonnes.
The U.S.-Norwegian owners Royal Caribbean say Freedom of the
Seas was designed to appeal to the broadest consumer base possible.
But although the industry appears committed to building
ever-larger ships, there is disquiet among some operators that
vessels are becoming too big and the market too crowded.
Earlier this month, the head of rival Carnival said it was
shifting away from the dominant Caribbean market which has been
weakened recently by hurricane fears and lower demand. Carnival said
it would shift focus towards the Alaskan and European markets.
Copyright 2006 Reuters.
All rights reserved
|The World's Largest Cruise Ship
Sets Sail for New York
Posted on 04 May 2006
Holding 3,634 guests
double-occupancy, Royal Caribbean's Freedom of the Seas is the
largest cruise ship in the world.
MIAMI, May 3 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- The world's largest and
most innovative cruise ship, Royal Caribbean International's Freedom
of the Seas, left Southampton, England today to make her
transatlantic voyage to New York where she will make her U.S. debut
on Wednesday, May 10. Having already caused quite a stir in Europe, Freedom
of the Seas was reported to be the second most popular search
term on yahoo.com last week. Now the ship is set to make her mark on
the United States where she will introduce a shipboard surf park,
cantilevered whirlpools suspended 112 feet above the ocean, a
full-size boxing ring and a 14-person family suite to an eager
The general public can catch a glimpse of Freedom of the Seas
during the entire month of May as she makes her way up and down the
East Coast making stops at: Cape Liberty Cruise Port in Bayonne, NJ;
Pier 92 at Manhattan's West side in New York; Warehouse Berths 6 and
7 in Boston; and, finally, the Port of Miami.
Holding 3,634 guests double-occupancy, Freedom of the Seas is
the largest cruise ship in the world. The first in Royal Caribbean's
new Freedom class, she sails seven-night Western Caribbean
itineraries from Miami calling in Cozumel, Mexico; George Town,
Grand Cayman; Montego Bay, Jamaica; and Royal Caribbean's private
destination, Labadee, Hispaniola.
Royal Caribbean International is a global cruise brand
currently with 20 ships in service and three under construction.
Liner 'Sinking' In Iceberg Collision - 11-23-2007
There's high drama - Titanic-style - in the South Atlantic
this morning as a cruise liner is near sinking in the freezing
The vessel, which is was being helped by
coastguards in Britain, is the cruise ship the M/S Explorer.
It is believed to have collided with an iceberg at sea and has
begun taking in water.
It is in difficulties near the South Shetland Islands, south of
Argentina and has been evacuated.
Some 154 people are believed to have been on board and have taken
to the life rafts. About 20 Britons are among the evacuated
The UK's Falmouth Coastguard in Cornwall is currently helping.
Andy Catterall, from Falmouth Coastguard, said they had good
communication links in the area and were passing information to
America for them to pass on to Argentina.
Susan Hayes, of Gap Adventures, which owns the ship, said some 100
passengers and 54 crew members were evacuated to lifeboats and
then to another ship, belived to be the Endeavour, as well as a
Norwegian cruise ship, the Nordnorge.
Ms Hayes, vice-president of marketing for Toronto-based Gap
Adventures, said: "The M/S Explorer hit a lump of ice off King
George Island this morning and the impact left the vessel with a
crack in the hull the size of a fist."
The captain and the chief officer remained on board while everyone
was evacuated. However, the vessel is said to be listing at 25
degrees - although the tour company has said it was only tilting
at eight degrees - and insist that while the ship was taking on
water, the pumps were being used to stop the ship sinking.
People saved from sinking ship
More than 150 people have been rescued from a cruise
liner which is sinking after hitting ice off Antarctica.
Hitting the ice left a hole the size of a fist in the
M/S Explorer, letting in loads of water near the South
Shetland Islands, in the Antarctic Ocean.
The cruise liner was evacuated, with 100 passengers
and 54 crew being moved first to lifeboats, then another
A Norwegian cruise ship, called the Nordnorge, that
was in the area was diverted to help with the rescue.
The Explorer's captain and chief officer
remained on board until everyone had been
helped to safety.
Coastguards from nearby Argentina, America
and even Falmouth in Cornwall, here in the UK,
all got involved in the massive rescue
The firm that owns the sinking ship said
all of its passengers, including 23 Britons,
were "safe and well".
They're being taken to the port of Ushuaia
in southern Argentina, where they started out
on their 19-day cruise 12 days ago.
2 missing after Greek cruise ship sinks
DEREK GATOPOULOS, Associated Press Writer
ATHENS, Greece - A Greek cruise ship that struck a
volcanic reef and forced the evacuation of hundreds of
tourists sank on Friday, 15 hours after it began taking on
water off the coast of a Mediterranean island. A Frenchman
and his daughter were missing, officials said.
Passengers on Thursday climbed down rope ladders to
coast guard boats below in a three-hour rescue that
involved Greece's military, commercial ships and local
fishermen from the island of Santorini. Passengers on the
cruise were mostly American, and also included groups from
Canada and Spain.
Authorities said two French passengers — a 45-year-old
man and his 16-year-old daughter — had still not been
accounted for, and lists of rescued passengers were being
Tourism Minister Fanny Palli Petralia said she had
spoken with the missing passenger's wife.
"The lady said her cabin filled with water when the
ship struck rocks and that she narrowly escaped," Petralia
said. "She was not sure whether her husband and daughter
made it out because things happened so suddenly ... in a
few seconds. Her other child was up on deck and was
Those rescued said most people remained calm though
there were some tense moments.
The Sea Diamond struck rocks in the sea-filled crater
formed by a volcanic eruption 3,500 years ago. Tourists
gathered on clifftop towns and villages to watch the
"We realized there was a serious problem ... We exited
our cabin and it was tough to be able to walk out of the
ship. A lot of people were very emotional over it, upset,
very frightened," said Stephen Johnson, a Canadian
An Australian passenger, Katie Sumner, said the early
stages of the rescue were chaotic.
"We heard a big shudder and then the whole boat started
to tilt," Sumner said.
"All of our glasses were sliding everywhere and our
warning that the ship was sinking was some of the staff
running down the corridor screaming out 'life jackets' and
banging on doors, so we got no time to, sort of, get ready
or anything, we just left as we were."
The 469-foot Sea Diamond was operated by Louis Cruise
Lines, part of a Cyprus-based tourism group. The Merchant
Marine Ministry said 1,195 passengers and 391 crew members
were on board.
"Whoever is responsible for this will be held
accountable in the strictest way," Petralia said. "Greece
is a major tourism destination and incidents like this
must not be allowed to occur. ... Authorities handled the
rescue very well."
Most of the rescued passengers arrived at Athens' main
port of Piraeus Friday on a chartered ferry and a Louis
Authorities on Santorini said they were working to
contain a small oil spillage from the sunken ship.
The Sea Diamond's captain and three officers were being
interviewed Friday by coast guard investigators who flew
More than 300 rescued passengers arrived at Athens'
main port of Piraeus early Friday on a chartered ferry,
and more were due to arrive later in the day on another
Louis cruise ship.
The Sea Diamond was built in 1986 and refurbished in
Associated Press writer John F.L. Ross and AP
television staff contributed to this report.
The Crown Princess introduces a number of new design
innovations to the Princess fleet, including a dramatic new
piazza-style atrium that features casual dining venues in a
street cafe environment. Many of the hallmark features that
define the Princess experience can be found onboard,
including the dramatic Movies Under the Stars poolside movie
screen and the famed Personal Choice Dining. Passengers can
also enjoy dining in a new Steak and Seafood restaurant with
a theater-style kitchen where chefs will custom-prepare
steamed shellfish and cooked-to-order steaks and chops.
Re-energize in the two-story Lotus Spa with fitness center
or relax and enjoy the view from any of the 900 staterooms
with private balconies.
Built In: Italy
Completed Date: 1/1/2005
|Number of Crew,
Nationality: 1200, Internation
Speed: 22 knots
Speed: 22 knots
of Passenger Decks: 14
of Inside Rooms: 452
of Outside Rooms: 1105
of Restaurants: 9
of Pools: 4
of Elevators: 14
Cruise ship Crown Princess rolls; about 10
[Editors note: Other news sources say 70 hurt]
CNN saying 240 treated by doctors.
PORT CANAVERAL, Fla. -- The Crown Princess, a cruise
ship making its fourth voyage, suddenly rolled heavily to its
left today, injuring dozens of people, including two
critically, officials said.
The ship had returned to port, where medical personnel were
treating the injured. No deaths had been reported and all
passengers and crew had been accounted for, authorities said.
The Crown Princess, which can hold 3,000 passengers, was 11
1/2 miles southeast of Port Canaveral en route to New York
when it experienced problems with its steering equipment,
causing it to roll abruptly to its port side, Coast Guard
Petty Officer James Judge said.
Judge could not immediately say how severely the 113,000-ton
ship listed. It first sailed last month.
Among the critically injured was a child, officials said.
Another 10 people were seriously hurt and about 30 had lesser
injuries, said Fire Rescue Capt. Jim Watson.
"There were people running for life jackets, and then
afterward a lot of people hugging and crying, people looking
for children,'' Carol O'Connell told NBC's Miami affiliate,
WTVJ-TV, by phone.
"The captain came on and made an announcement that there
was a problem with the steering mechanism and the captain
sounded so terrified, which led to my feeling of more panic,''
O'Connell said she saw flooding, tables overturned and lots of
The ship is owned by Princess Cruises, one of 12 brands
operated by Miami-based Carnival Corp. The company said it was
investigating the cause of the incident. The ship had just
left Port Canaveral, on Florida's east coast, after a nine-day
Western Caribbean cruise.
"We deeply regret this incident, and are doing
everything we can to make our passengers as comfortable as
possible under these difficult circumstances,'' company
spokeswoman Julie Benson said.
Editor's Note: Do you know someone aboard the Crown Princess?
Please contact Assistant Metro Editor Nirmal Mitra at (732)
643-4209 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Investigators inspect cruise
ship that rolled to one side off Florida coast
PORT CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Federal investigators examined a new
cruise ship Wednesday to try to determine why the 951-foot
vessel suddenly rolled to one side, seriously injuring 20
people in a scene that looked like something out of the movie
on that night's bill, "Titanic."
The Coast Guard also questioned why authorities first
learned of the trouble not from the captain, but from the
mother of a passenger who had called her from the ship.
The Crown Princess rolled 15 degrees to its right
Tuesday afternoon about 11.5 miles off Port Canaveral,
throwing passengers, TV sets and other objects against the
deck and walls. The ship slowly came back up after 30 to 40
seconds, by passengers' estimate, then returned to port.
The crew reported a steering problem aboard the 113,000-ton
vessel, which was christened only last month. The ship was
sailing through calm seas, and there was no indication that a
rogue wave or foul play contributed to the roll, officials
The Coast Guard and the National Transportation Safety Board
began an investigation.
"We'll look at weather, we'll look at stability issues
and we'll look at mechanical issues," Coast Guard
Commander James McLaughlin said.
As passengers boarded buses for the airport Wednesday, many
recounted the terrifying scene. Some sobbed and clutched loved
"Another 20 degrees and I would have been in the
water," said Alfred Caproni, of North Adams, Mass., who
was on his balcony on the ninth deck. "All the water from
the pools was coming right over the edge. It was like Niagara
Falls. There were dozens of people with bleeding noses."
Gerald Brock, a surgeon from Ontario, Canada, said he helped
ship doctors treat dozens of passengers with such injuries as
broken bones, dislocated joints, short of breath and chest
Tuesday night's movie aboard the ship was supposed to be
"Titanic," according to several passengers.
The cruise line reported that all 3,100 passengers and 1,200
crew members were accounted for, but the Coast Guard was still
verifying that information Wednesday.
"There is a possibility when you take a roll like that
that somebody could have gone overboard," McLaughlin
About 240 passengers were treated on board for minor injuries,
according to Princess Cruises. Ninety-eight people were taken
to the hospital, including a child and an adult who were
Coast Guard officials said it was unusual that first word of a
problem came from a passenger's mother. The Coast Guard
immediately tried to contact the vessel, but were unable to
reach it for 10 minutes, Petty Officer James Judge said.
Capt. Andrew Proctor was not on the bridge at the time of the
incident, Princess Cruises spokeswoman Julie Benson said. She
said that she did not know who called the Coast Guard first,
but that it is standard procedure for the captain to contact
Coast Guard officials said it is not uncommon for a captain to
first assess the situation and ensure the ship's stability
before contacting them.
Investigators said there was no indication the captain was
under the influence of drugs or alcohol. He tested negative
for alcohol; drug test results were still pending.
"He's one of our most senior captains. He's been with the
company for about 35 years. He has an exemplary record,"
She said all passengers on the nine-day Western Caribbean
cruise ending in New York would receive a full refund.
A similar incident occurred in February on a ship also
operated by Princess. The 2,600-passenger Grand Princess left
the Port of Galveston but soon turned around after a passenger
suffered a heart attack. The ship tipped sharply on its side,
injuring 27 passengers and 10 crew members. The incident was
blamed on human error, Benson said.
James Hall, former chairman of the NTSB, said Wednesday he
hopes the latest incident will prompt federal officials to
toughen cruise industry regulations.
"This was a serious roll, there were injuries and
obviously the people that were on the ship were
terrified," Hall said.
-- Associated Press writers Travis Reed in Port Canaveral and
Kelli Kennedy in Miami contributed to this report.
The Urca - 1715
There are no roses on sailors graves,
Nor wreaths upon the storm tossed waves,
No last post from the Royals band,
So far away from their native land,
No heartbroken words carved on stone,
Just shipmates bodies there alone,
The only tributes are the seagulls sweeps,
And the teardrop when a loved one weeps.
Royal National Lifeboat
Old Shipwreck Found Off Alaskan Coast
The Torrent, which is the oldest American wreck ever found in
Alaska, is one of about
2,500 ships that have sunk off the state's coast in the past 250
years, according to one
Posted: 2007-10-09 19:28:02
Filed Under: Science News
ANCHORAGE, Alaska (Oct. 9) - A private dive team has discovered
the wreckage of an American ship that sank off the south-central
Alaska coast 139 years ago.
The Torrent sank in Cook Inlet in 1868 after tidal currents rammed
it into a reef south of the Kenai Peninsula. Documents from the
period show that all 155 people on board survived.
The U.S. had purchased Alaska from Russia less than a year
earlier, and about 130 Army soldiers had come north on the Torrent
to build the first U.S. military fort in south-central Alaska.
The shipwreck is the oldest American wreck ever found in Alaska.
"It's a very significant find because it's right after the
purchase, during the transition from Russian to American
authority," said Judy Bittner, a state historic preservation
officer. "It's the very beginning of federal presence in Alaska
and the establishment of order."
A four-man dive team led by Steve Lloyd, owner of Anchorage's
largest independent book store, found remnants of the wreckage in
July. They kept the discovery secret at the request of state
officials, who wanted more time to document the site before any
looters arrive. Its discovery was announced Monday.
An array of objects, from guns, cannons, shoes and plates, are
hidden beneath the broad leaves of giant kelp beds or concealed in
caverns and crevices among massive boulders, Lloyd said.
"It's like walking through a field of tall grass and undergrowth
looking for a baseball that you've lost," Lloyd said.
Big finds include the two anchors, sections of hull and heavy
bronze rudder hinges weighing about 100 lbs.
About 2,500 ships have wrecked off the Alaska coast
since Russian explorers first arrived in 1741,
according to Mike Burwell, a cultural anthropologist
for the federal Minerals Management Service. A
partial database on the service's Web site lists
Japanese submarines and fishing trawlers, Liberian
freighters and New England whaling ships, among
The Torrent is now being considered for listing in
the National Registry of Historic Places. Bittner
said state or federal archaeologists may study the
wreck if they can secure enough funding.
Copyright 2007 The Associated Press. The information
contained in the AP news report may not be
published, broadcast, rewritten or otherwise
distributed without the prior written authority of
The Associated Press. All active hyperlinks have
been inserted by AOL.
Over the course of many years, interest in the history of ships has increased
dramatically. A major component of this renewed interest has been underwater
heritage - the shipwreck. Discovery of the War of 1812 wrecks HAMILTON and
SCOURGE in Lake Ontario, and the widely publicized finding of the TITANIC
served to heighten general public awareness of underwater archaeology and
There have been increased demands for information stored in various records
repositories across the country. However there exists no master list or index
to all the records pertaining to shipping losses.
There are various guides and finding aids (lists of files, card indexes,
and so on) available in the Government Archives to assist the researcher
and also on the Internet, also libraries.
Researchers should not expect quick and easy answers to involved or complicated
questions. Ships missing in recent times may be guarded documents in government
files and not available for easy scrutiny for security purposes.
As a general rule, researchers should seek to gain as much information as
they possibly can in reference to their shipwreck(s) of interest prior to
consulting the Archives. In addition to the vessel's name, useful details
include the site of the casualty, the date of the accident, the ship's port
of registry, the ship's official number, and the year the vessel was constructed.
In many cases, it is difficult to obtain all the relevant facts; however,
it is absolutely vital that the name of the vessel be known. All of the records
relating to shipwrecks are organized
according to ship's name. Consequently, it is extremely rare that a shipwreck
can be identified simply with the knowledge of its geographic location or
its ship's number. Each additional piece of information tends to facilitate
the identification of the shipwreck and the records which may be available,
but the name of the vessel is a prerequisite link to the
The geographic location together with the date of the casualty follow next
in priority of importance, and in fact it is very difficult to identify
shipwrecks and their potential archival records without at least one of these
details. The port of registry, ship's number, and construction date comprise
information of comparatively lesser utility, but do help to confirm the identity
of individual vessels. This can be especially important in cases where the
identity of a vessel is placed in doubt by the duplication of ship's name.
A common example, the Government Archives Division in Canada has custody
of records for more than two hundred ships called MARY.
An excellent source of information on ships and shipwrecks is of course the
local public library and the companion resources of the inter-library loan
network. There are available any number of maritime histories and bibliographies
which offer reference points to begin shipwreck research.
Newspapers contemporary to the incident normally offer some insight.
Researchers can also obtain official lists of shipping casualties from the
On 11 February 1897, a fire in the West Block of the Parliament Buildings
in Canada destroyed all the registry files and reports of the Department
of Marine and Fisheries to approximately the year 1892, with the result
that there is virtually no archival record of official Canadian maritime
activity from the inception of the Marine Branch in 1868 for a period
of about twenty-five years, save the ships' registration records and
the articles of
agreement and ships' logs maintained by the Maritime History Group
(Memorial University of Newfoundland.
There are several contemporary published sources which can be consulted for
wreck information. Of primary importance are the Annual Reports of the Department
of Marine and Fisheries, published each year from 1868 and especially useful
until approximately 1920.
The archival records described below are only the major sources of information
available on shipwrecks in the Government Archives Division. The guide is
not meant to be exhaustive or definitive; rather, it is intended to direct
researchers to the obvious sources.
Wreck registers record basic facts for each reported marine casualty, including
the name of the vessel, the date of the casualty, the port of registry, sailed
from/bound to, location, lives lost/saved, and remarks. For many years, these
registers formed the basis for the List of Shipping Casualties published
as a supplement to the Annual Report of the Department of Marine and Fisheries.
Wreck reports consist of completed two-page forms which provide in as much
detail as possible information pertaining to missing ships, collisions,
strandings and founderings of both Canadian and foreign registered vessels
in Canadian inland and coastal waters. The reports are arranged in chronological
order by year, within each year by geographic location (i.e., Pacific Coast,
Inland Waters, and Atlantic Coast), and within each geographic area, in
alphabetical order by name of vessel.
Wreck reports normally provide a corpus of information for each marine casualty
reported on, and may include the following details: registration data for
the vessel, name of master, number of crew, ownership, cargo, voyage details,
and a brief account of the casualty (see attached example).
For many years it has been incumbent upon masters of ships to file
official reports within twenty-four hours of an incident at the office of
the nearest Shipping Master or Receiver of Wreck. Experience has shown, however,
that for various reasons some wrecks were not the subject of official reports,
especially during the years prior to 1936. Consequently, it should not be
assumed that the absence of a wreck report categorically denies the possibility
of a casualty occurrence or the existence of other documentation pertaining
to that occurrence.
Researchers should not assume that all wrecks invariably result in the convening
of a board of preliminary or formal inquiry. There are many instances of
shipwreck where no action was taken beyond the filing of an official wreck
Records include subject files on collisions, groundings, sinkings and enemy
Explore Mel Fisher Maritime Museum and Key West, Florida's four ships, the
Nuestra Señora de Atocha
and the Santa Margarita, both of which sank in a hurricane in 1622; The St. John’s Wreck,
a vessel of exploration that carried conquistadors to the Caribbean in roughly
1560; and the Henrietta
Marie, an English merchant slaver that sank off the Florida Keys in 1700.
Major Shipwrecks Since
May 11, Lady of the Lake: bound from England
to Quebec, struck iceberg; 215 perished.
Sept. 29, Annie Jane: emigrant vessel off
coast of Scotland; 348 died.
April 27, Sultana: boiler explosion on
Mississippi River steamboat, near Memphis, 1,547 killed.
Nov. 26, City of Portland: 157 died near
June 15, General Slocum: excursion steamer
burned in East River, N.Y.; 1,021 perished.
March 5, Principe de Asturias: Spanish
steamer struck rock off Sebastien Point; 500 drowned.
April 15, Titanic: sank after colliding
with iceberg; 1,513 died.
May 29, Empress of Ireland: sank after
collision in St. Lawrence River; 1,024 perished.
July 24, Eastland: Great Lakes excursion
steamer overturned in Chicago River; 812 died.
Dec. 6, Mont Blanc: French ammunition ship
collided with Belgian steamer in Halifax Harbor, Canada; 1,600 people died.
Nov. 12, Vestris: British steamer sank
in gale off Va.; 110 died.
Sept. 8, Morro Castle: 134 killed in fire
off Asbury Park, N.J.
May 23, Squalus: submarine with 59 men
sank off Hampton Beach, N.H.; 33 saved.
June 1, Submarine Thetis: sank in Liverpool
Bay, England; 99 perished.
Oct. 2, Queen Mary: rammed and sank a British
cruiser; 338 aboard the cruiser died.
April 9: U.S. ship, loaded with aerial bombs, exploded
at Bari, Italy; at least 360 killed.
Nov.: unidentified Chinese troopship evacuating Nationalist
troops from Manchuria sank near Yingkow, killing an estimated 6,000 persons.
Dec. 3, Kiangya: Chinese passenger ship
carrying refugees fleeing Communist troops during civil war, struck an old
mine, exploded, and sank off Shanghai; over 3,000 believed to have been killed.
Sept. 17, Noronic: Canadian Great Lakes
cruise ship burned at Toronto dock; about 130 died.
April 26, Hobson: minesweeper collided
with aircraft carrier Wasp and sank during night maneuvers in
mid-Atlantic; 176 persons lost.
Jan. 9, Chang Tyong-Ho: South Korean ferry
foundered off Pusan; 249 reported dead.
Jan. 31, Princess Victoria: British ferry
sank in Irish Sea; 133 lost.
Sept. 26, Toya Maru: more than 1,000 killed
when commercial ferry sank in Tsugaru Strait, Japan.
July 25, Andrea Doria: Italian liner collided
with Swedish liner Stockholm off Nantucket Island, Mass., sank next
day. At least 52 died or were unaccounted for.
April 8, Dara: British liner exploded and
sank in Persian Gulf; 236 dead. Caused by time bomb.
April 10, Thresher: atomic-powered submarine
sank in North Atlantic; 129 dead.
May 4: United Arab Republic ferry capsized and sank in
upper Nile; over 200 died.
Late May, Scorpion: nuclear submarine sank
in Atlantic 400 miles S.W. of Azores; 99 dead.
Dec. 15: ferry in Korean Strait capsized; 261 lost.
Oct. 20, George Prince: Mississippi River
ferry rammed by Norwegian tanker Frosta near Luling, La.; 77 dead.
May 25, 10th of Ramadan: Nile steamer caught
fire and sank in Lake Nasser, near Aswan, Egypt; 272 dead and 75 missing.
March 9: British ferry capsized after leaving Belgian port
of Zeebrugge with 500 aboard; 134 drowned. Water rushing through open bow
is believed to be probable cause.
Dec. 20.: over 4,000 killed when passenger ferry Dona
Paz collided with oil tanker Victor off Mindoro Is., 110 miles
south of Manila.
April 7, Scandinavian Star: suspected arson
fire aboard Danish-owned North Sea ferry killed at least 110 passengers in
Skagerrak Strait off Norway.
April 7: double-decker ferry sank in Gyaing River in Myanmar
(Burma) during a storm and 215 persons were believed drowned.
Dec. 14: ferry carrying 569 passengers sank in Red Sea
off coast of Safaga, Egypt, after hitting a coral reef. Over 460 people believed
Feb. 17, Neptune: triple-deck ferry capsized
off southern peninsula of Haiti during a squall. Over 1,000 passengers believed
drowned. About 300 survived the sinking.
Sept. 28, Estonia: passenger ferry capsized
off coast of Southwest Finland and sank in a stormy Baltic Sea. Only about
140 of the estimated 1,040 passengers aboard survived.
Jan. 21, Gurita: overloaded ferry sank
off the coast of northern Sumatra, killing 340.
Feb., Harta Rimba: ship sank in the South
China Sea, killing about 325 people. The ship had not been licensed for passenger
Nov. 24, Dashun ferry carrying more than
300 passengers sank after catching fire. More than 150 confirmed dead, with
another 140 missing.
LOST IN THE BERMUDA TRIANGLE
|The Sea Venture, sailing ship
||Right off Bermuda
|Its rescue boat
||Right off Bermuda
|Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe's three accompanying galleons
||North Carolina coast
|Patriot, packet ship carrying aaron Burr's daughter
||In Gulf Stream
|Wasp, US warship
||Off coast of S. Carolina
|The Spray, sloop
|The Cyclops, USN fuel ship
||On way from Barbados to Norfolk, Va
|Porta Noca, passenger ship
||Took off from Isle of Pines near Cuba
||Out from Savannah
||Took off from Key West
||50 miles southwest of Charleston, S. Carolina
|Scorpion, nuclear powered sub
||Off the Azores
|Flight 19, 5 avenger bombers
||Coming back from Bimini
|Martin Mariner, PBM flying boat in search
||From Patrick AFB
|Star Tiger, commercial airliner
||En route from Azores to Bermuda
|DC-3 charter flight
|Star Ariel, commercial airliner
||En route to Kingston
|Air Force Tender
||En route Va. to Azores
|British Army Transport
|Two US Navy Patrol planes
Carolina Shipwreck - a 570 gross-ton, iron-hulled cargo ship built in
Scotland in 1876. The ship was wrecked off Bermuda's west end on 1 January
1880 while transporting a load of general cargo that included cotton.
The Bermuda Triangle
SOURCES OF INFORMATION
of Sunken and Missing Ships
International Maritime Organization
United States Navy on the World Wide Web
U.S. Naval Armed Guard
Maritime Archaeology - experimental bibliographic database.
This database lists about 6000 maritime archaeological and associated
Emerald Bay - California's
first underwater shipwreck park.
Florida's Underwater Archaeological
Preserves - In 1987, Florida began to
develop a statewide system of underwater parks featuring shipwrecks and
other historic sites.
The Great Lakes Shipwreck File:
- have information on nearly 500 reported
The International Divers Logbook (D-log).
- diving logbook pages of ship
wrecks & dive sites.
The International Journal of
of Finland - keeping a national computerised wreck register
with about 1200 wrecks
Historic Shipwrecks - Lake Superior and Inland Waters.
Research's Northern Shipwrecks Database - documents four
centuries of North American wrecks through 65,000 records on CD-ROM.
- World Wide - Probably the largest fully relational
database on sunken, wrecked or missing ships in the world.
the Mediterranean Coastline
- State Parks and Historic Site
- Lake superior and Lake Michigan
History on the Seabed -
Report from the Terredo Navalis (eats wood) free water in the Baltic sea.
The International Journal
- of Nautical Archaeology.
The JASON Project - Year-round
scientific expeditions providing educational materials and opportunities.
Maritime History on the
Internet - A Guide.
History Virtual Archives - This is it!
The Nautical Archaeology Society
- is a voluntary organisation formed to further interest in our nautical
Underwater Archaeology - institutions actively involved in research on
the underwater archaeology on the island of Ireland.
for Underwater Archaeology Ireland Links - (NUA - the Irish word for
new) is a network of institutions actively involved in research on the underwater
archaeology on the island of Ireland.
Nordic Underwater Archaeology
- (Concentrates on Baltic Sea shipwrecks)
Pere Izquierdo homepage -
Some articles and unpublished works on archaeology, cultural heritage and
roman navigation. Feturing: "Two bronze helmets of Etruscan typology coming
from a Roman wreck found at the Les Sorres anchorage (Gavà-Viladecans,
Professional Shipwreck Explorers Association
- ProSEA, represents worldwide members specializing in salvage, archaeology
and preservation of shipwrecks and underwater cultural heritage.
Rhode Island Marine Archaeology
Project - has performed background research, collected historical information
and conducted field work on the vessels beneath Rhode Island waters.
Sea Research - Society, founded
in 1972, focuses on shipwreck research, underwater archaeology, 501-C3 non-profit
educational research organization, has extensive research library on underwater
Shipwreck Archaeology for
Recreational Divers - New Course...
Club - Underwater Archaeology.
Association - newsletter.
Team Atlantis - An Underwater
Archaeological Research Team - traveling the world and filming a series of
virtual expeditions featured live on the Internet!
The Trireme Trust
- Studies of the the design, use, and capabilities of this historically important
type of ship.
Archaeology in Baden-Wurttemberg - (Germany) links.
Underwater Archaeology -
Resources on the Internet.
Archaeology - a virtual tour.
Archaeology Project - Underwater and nautical archaeology programs and
site reports, Brown University.
Urca de Lima Underwater
WUAA - The Wisconsin Underwater
Andaste - 1929 -
Great Lakes Command records include files relating to the sinking of the
passenger ferry CARIBOU in October 1942.
Aggi - 1894-1915
three-masted full rigged ship.
Sea - is a 324' fishing processor that caught fire during repairs in
1982 and sank approx a mile off of Port Gardner, Everett.
Angra98 - Azores
islands, Portugal, 2 wrecks have been located in an area where a breakwater
is going to be built.
Atocha shipwreck treasures atocha
- This is comercial Maritime Achaeology. They sell coins from the wreck.
- Historic Shipwreck 1942.
California Shipwrecks - a dozen
articles about California shipwrecks plus pictures of artifacts, underwater
video, an online database of California wrecks, and a list of shipwreck links
from the California State Lands Commission.
Bay. - The Vancouver Maritime Museum conducted a series of dives to document
the shipwreck Baymaud off Cambridge Bay. Baymaud sank in 1930 after a short
but famous career in the Arctic.
CF Liljevalch -
On August 14,1942 the Swedish merchant ship CF Liljevalch departed from the
Swedish port Luleå heading for Germany loaded with 6000 tons of iron
ore, vital to the German war machinery.
Comet - Historical
Record 1886-1911 three masted coastal lumber schooner.
Cuba - 1897-1923
Cargo Passenger Liner.
Eastland Disaster Historical
Society - Information, photos of artifacts, and more about the loss of
over 800 lives in the wreck of the Eastland on July 24, 1915 on the Chicago
Emanuel Point Shipwreck - was
discovered in 1992 by a team from the Florida Bureau of Archaeological Research
during a survey of Pensacola Bay.
English East India Company Ships
- wrecked, capured and lost, with details of officers and crew.
Excavation of HMS Fowey involving
FSU - In 1978, a sport diver "discovered" what he thought was a Spanish
treasure galleon in the waters of Biscayne National Park.
- 4 of the wrecks date from the middle of year 1000 and 1 from year 1100.
Hurrican Marilyn - Boat
List - 1995
Excavation - Bohuslän County Museum is excavating a frigate scuttled
in Marstrand harbour in 1719.
The Gokstad Viking Ship
- was discovered in 1880, buried in a huge mound of blue clay southwest of
- 1883-1892 four masted bark, bulk cargo carrier.
Great Lakes Shipwrecks - Middle Island
HMHS Britannic 98 Technical
Diving Expedition - Some of the UK's leading technical divers have organised
the only official expedition to the HMHS Britannic in 1998.
Hunley update - provides
photographs and updates of the preservation process for the Confederate
submarine, the Hunley, sunk in 1864.
- A team of swedish divers have discovered a treasure in the Baltic Sea.
It´s a wooden ship from 1881 which were sunk by a german submarine during
WWI in 1916.
A joint archaeological shipwreck
project - on the north coast of the Dominican Republic.
- (deep wreck near Stockholm).
Kravel Project -
Southampton Archaeology - Centre for Maritime Archaeology.
La Salle Shipwreck
Project - excavation and conservation of the Belle--one of the earliest
and most important shipwrecks ever found in North America.
La Salle Shipwreck Project of
The loss of the Douro 1882
- Seven of the ship’s crew, the Captain, four of the Senior Officers and
the 1st and 2nd Engineer went down with the ship, which sank quickly within
thirty minutes of the impact.The Yrurac Bat also sank rapidly, with heavy
loss of life, bringing the death toll to 59.
Macquarie Shipwrecks -
Announcing an educational website about Macquarie Island, its shipwrecks,
sealers and scientists. Student challenges and a teachers Guide with background
information will be provide
The Mary Rose - Built between 1509
and 1511, she was one of the first ships able to fire a broadside, and was
a firm favorite of King Henry VIII.
Michigan Underwater - is a series
of articles aboutshipwreck diving.
New Jersey SCUBA Diving
- Internet Shipwreck Research Group.
- Adonis and the Rusland.
NOVA Online/Titanic's Lost
Offical Jupiter Shipwreck
Site - First person chronicles from the original principal investigator
of the historic 17th century jupiter shipwreck expedition being recovered
off a public beach in Jupiter, Florida Photos and manuscripts, treasure and
Oliver Cromwells Shipwreck
- near Duart Castle, off the coast of Scotland.
Phips - Archaeology Comes to the Rescue of a 17th-Century Shipwreck that
belonged to Phips' fleet during his expeditions against New France in 1690.
- was the 24 gun frigate sent in search of the infamous Bounty mutineers
Pere Izquierdo Archaeology
- Some articles and unpublished works on archaeology, cultural heritage and
roman navigation. Feturing: "Two bronze helmets of Etruscan typology coming
from a Roman wreck found at the Les Sorres anchorage (Gavà-Viladecans,
Revenge - (North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources) ship thought
to be the Queen Anne's Revenge, flagship of Blackbeard the pirate.
Bounty - Australian divers locate the famous ship in shallow waters off
Sadana Island Shipwreck
Excavation 1996 - (Egypt)
Samson - the salvaging.
Alger Underwater Preserve - an intact 1880 wooden schooner.
Shiplosses are Britain
Shipwrecks and Accidents
Äskekärr viking - Swedish viking ship excavated.
Stinch's Shipwreck Data,
Artifact Preservation, and Scuba Page - New England Shipwreck Data, Artifact
Preservation, and Scuba Diving page. Detailed information of shipwrecks and
the preservation of shipwreck artifacts.
The Shipwrecks of the
North Shore - Great Lakes
The Swan, Duart Point Shipwreck
- The Swan was sent by Oliver Cromwell in 1653 to destroy the Clan MacLean.
Here's the archaeological site.
Vrouw Maria - Date of Wreck: 1771 Route: Amsterdam, Netherlands to St.
Petersburg, Russia Capacity/Weight: 150 tons Casualties: None
- 1850-1853 side wheel passenger steamer.
Yassi Ada - 7th
C. Shipwreck Excavation.
Yassi Ada - 4th
C. Shipwreck Excavation.
Chat Room - Talk on-line with other people fascinated with the Titanic.
Park's Journal - Brief journal entry of an appentice aboard another ship
during Titanic's sinking.
Titanic - Personal stories collated by the great great grand niece of
Smithsonian on the Titanic - Factsheet on the White Star Line steamship
- Passenger lists, biographies, archive film and detailed plans.
The Grave of the
Titanic - Details co-ordinates of the sea floor site
Ghostship - The Titanic Project.
Resource - Photographs and articles on the ship and the disaster.
In Memoriam: RMS Titanic
- Personal site detailing Titanic's construction, myths, engines and related
Jay's Titanic - Personal site
with articles and photographs of the doomed ship.
Life and Death of the
RMS Titanic - Information on the passengers, crew, ship, sinking and
Titanic - Factual information surrounding the sinking of the RMS Titanic.
The Millvina Dean Story -
Purchase the youngest Titanic survivor's life story.
Nic Wilson's Titanic, Olympic and
Brittanic - Links and construction information for the three sister ships.
Online Titanic Museum - Artifacts
recovered from the depths of Titanic's wreck site.
Posted Aboard the
RMS Titanic - The Smithsonian National Postal Museum's exhibition about
the rescue of mail sacks.
RMS Titanic - Outline
of the events surrounding the Titanic from its construction to its discovery
at the bottom of the ocean.
RMS Titanic, Inc - The only
company with salvage rights on the wreck of the Titanic.
RMS Titanic UK - British site with
information about the disaster and shopping pages.
Titanic Web Ring - Listing of sites dedicated to the ship, the disaster
and the 1997 movie.
Thomas Andrews - Builder
of the Ship of Dreams - Personal site devoted to the designer of RMS
Titanic - the Search for
Answers - Personal site with articles on the investigation into the disaster.
Titanic: A Lost Voyage
- Personal site with a timeline and photographs.
Titanic Historical Society - Established
in 1963 to preserve Titanic history.
Titanic Instant Books - Images
and information from contemporary books about the disaster.
The Titanic Resource
- Personal site with articles on RMS Titanic and her sister ships.
Titanic's Lost Sister
- The parallels between Titanic and Brittanic from PBS Online.
TQM - The
Titanic Sinks - A short fill-in-the-blanks puzzle about the night to
Tribute to the RMS
Titanic - Multimedia site with witness accounts of the doomed ship.
Titanic - Personal site with photographs and links.
The Wreck of RMS Titanic - Explore
a detailed model and read technical notes on the sinking and the wreck.
Bronze Age Shipwreck
Excavation at Cape Gelidonya
of Phormio 429 B.C.
Florida State University
Ship Expedition Pictures
de Luna's lost ships in Pensacola Bay.
Courtesy of Hellenic
|The Flying Dutchman
Several hundred years ago, in the year 1729 to be exactly, there lived a
Dutch sea captain of fearsome temperament. With his ship he sailed through
the stormiest seas, and fared the hardest routes. One day however, despite
all his efforts, a storm prevented him from rounding the steep cliffs of
a headland. He swore to the Devil that he would never give in to Nature,
and that he would sail on until he rounded the headland, even if it took
him till Judgment Day.
The Devil took the Captain at his word and dammed him, that he must stay
as captain of his ship, now a ghostship, sailing the seas, until Judgment
Day should come. The Devil left him just one small hope. Only through the
love of a woman could he be released.
So, the Flying Dutchman became the curse of the seas. Any ship that met him
became a ship of ill fortune. No sailor would sail on her, any trader would
refuse to deal in it's wares. In order to protect themselves against an encounter
with the ghost ship, ships took to nailing horseshoes to their masts, which
was said to bring luck, and prevent an unhappy meeting.
Mary Celeste: the brigantine set sail from New York harbor for Genoa, Italy,
on Nov. 5. A British brigantine, the DeGratia, discovered the ship derelict
on Dec. 5 and boarded her. Everyone aboard the Mary Celeste had
vanishedher captain, his family, and its 14-man crew. The ship was
in perfect order with ample supplies and there was no sign of violence or
trouble. The fate of the crew remains unknown.
The Mary Celeste on
The Mary Celeste
- The Real Story
The Mystery of the Mary
Mystery of the Mary Celeste
Dec. 22, Köbenhavn: the five-masted Danish steel barque, a sail-training
ship with a crew of 75 including 45 boy cadets, sailed from the River Plate
for Melbourne, Australia, on Dec. 14. The last radio contact with the ship
was made on Dec. 22 and all was well. The Köbenhavn and its crew disappeared
without a trace and no one knows what happened to it.
Art Page (looks pretty real)
Antilla - German (Dive
Carriers of the Future
Dictatorship a site about German weapons and materials in
Battle of Midway
- Grolier entry on the decisive naval battle of World War II.
of Midway 1942 - in English and Spanish.
Battleships - German
Plans -the building plans of
Chili - A
brief Naval History
Connecticut River Museum
Schiffseinheiten der deutsche Kriegsmarine 1933-45 German site
Dutch Subs a good
page that takes a look at the Dutch submarines of this century.
Great Lakes Shipwreck
Research Group - Discussion List
Archaeology Of the Ship - General Bibliographies
Ballard On Oldes Deep-Sea Wrecks
Major Ships of
the German Kriegsmarine
Midway: Air War
Over the Pacific
Narative of the Spanish
Nihon Kaigun a look
at the Imperial Japanese Fleet of WW2.
Nova Online - The Shipwreck
Oxford University Mare
Midway - deep-sea explorer Robert Ballard, joined by a National Geographic
team, seeks the lost ships of Midway.
Ships - Plastic Models
Find Lost Ships
of Midway - 1942
Battle of the Atlantic
The Battleship Bismark
The Battleship Page
Buccaneers of America
The Deadliest Atlantic
Tropical Cyclones, 1492 - Present
Kriegsmarine 1936 to 1945
The Lost Ships
of Guadacanal - photos
The Mariner's Museum
Battle of Guadacanal
Second Naval Battle at Guadacanal
The Super Battleships
that Never Were
The United States Naval and Shipbuilding
The U.S.S. Monssen
Trans-Oceanic Research Project
U-boat Net - The U-boat War 1939-1945
- General Bibliography
United State Naval and Shipbuilding Museum
and U.S.S. Salem
a site about U-boats. In depth information about the Torpedoes that
the Germans used also.
U.S. Navy History -
the US navy historical society.
Warship Anchor Page
World War 1 Naval
Combat a look at the history of the World War I German Highseas Fleet.
INTERNET SEARCH ENGINES TO OTHER
PLACES TO INQUIRE ABOUT SPECIFIC
Inquiries for Canada should be addressed to: Reference and Researchers
Inquiries Division, Public Programs Branch, National Archives of Canada,
395 Wellington Street, OTTAWA, Ontario, K1A 0N3. For researchers who
wish to visit the Archives, office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.,
Monday to Friday; however, our research facilties are open twenty-four
hours a day throughout the year, including all public holidays.
Lockers are available for the storage of archival documents, but
permission to use these facilities outside of regular office hours must be
obtained in person.
Nevertheless, the lists are very useful and may be obtained free of charge
from the Canadian Coast Guard at the following address:
Aids and Waterways
Navigable Waters Protection Act Division
Canadian Coast Guard
344 Slater Street
Also available at this address is the Canadian Coast Guard pamphlet Diving
on Shipwreck, recently published (1987) to inform the public, and the
diving community in particular, about the federal laws governing wreck
and the procedures to follow upon discovering wreck.
More details of Canadian researchers
THE UNITED STATES
Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch
Civil Archives Division
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20408
(Historical shipwreck sources at the National Archives of the United
States, including Record Group 26, Records of the United States Coast
Guard; Record Group 36, Records of the United States Customs Service;
and Record Group 41, Records of the Bureau of Marine Inspection and
Records and Publication Branch
Merchant Vessels Documentation
United States Coast Guard Headquarters
21200 2nd Street South West
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20593
The Public Record Office
Richmond, Surrey TW9 W9U
(Historical records of the Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen,
including ships' registration records and personnel records related
to marine service)
The Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen
South Wales CF5 2YS
(Current U.K. vessel documentation and personnel records)
The Scottish Record Office
HM General Register House
Edinburgh, Scotland EH1 3YY
(Historical records of shipbuilding on the upper and lower Clyde,
Ayrshire, and Forth and Tay estuaries)
The Maritime History Group
Department of History
Memorial University of Newfoundland
St. John's, Newfoundland
(Crew agreements for British Empire and Commonwealth, 1863-1938;
registry data for various Atlantic Canadian ports)
Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston
55 Ontario Street
(Historical records of Great Lakes shipbuilding; registry data for
various Great Lakes Canadian ports)
Institute for Great Lakes Research
Bowling Green State University
12764 Levis Parkway
PERRYSBURG, Ohio 43551
(Historical records of Great Lakes shipbuilding; registry data for
various Great Lakes American ports) May 7, 1994
LOST SHIPS FOUND
The S.S. Edmund Fitzgerald, in the early evening of November 10,
1975, disappeared during a heavy snow storm on Lake Superior.
Her captain and crew of 28 men are still listed as "missing." Why
wasn't there a distress signal? What could have happened so quickly?
A wooden vessel from the Revolutionary War believed to be commanded by Benedict Arnold
Gunboat commanded by Benedict Arnold found Jun. 30, 197
FERRISBURGH, Vt. - A Revolutionary War gunboat that was part of a fleet commanded by
Benedict Arnold before he turned traitor has been found sitting upright at the bottom of Lake
Champlain, astonishingly well-preserved by the cold, deep water for the past 220 years.
The wooden vessel, which was either abandoned or scuttled by retreating American forces
after a losing 1776 battle against the British, was found by a team scanning the lake for wrecks
before they become encrusted by a new invader, the tiny zebra mussel.
The 54-foot vessel, whose name is not yet known, is largely intact, its mast still standing over
50 feet high and its large bow cannon still in place, said Art Cohn, director of the Lake
Champlain Maritime Museum.
``This could prove to be the most significant maritime discovery in American history in the last
half-century,'' said Philip Lundeberg, curator emeritus of naval history at the Smithsonian
Institution's American History Museum. ``The apparently excellent condition of the gunboat is
highly unusual for an artifact this old and is one of the reasons the discovery is so significant.''
No decision has been made yet on whether to raise the ship. Its exact location and depth in the
115-mile-long lake between New York and Vermont were not released.
The lake's cold water, up to 409 feet deep, is credited with preserving a number of wrecks that
have been found there in recent years.
Only four of the 15 boats commanded by Arnold survived the Battle of Valcour Island on the
lake and its aftermath in October 1776. One other member of the fleet, the Philadelphia, was
raised in 1935 and now sits in the Smithsonian in Washington.
Cohn, lake historian Peter Barranco and others were scanning a section of the lake in early
June when a long-sought image appeared on the sonar screen.
There was a mast, intact but for a small piece broken off the top. There was a nearly two-ton
bow gun. And it was a nearly exact copy of the Philadelphia.
Cohn said that when he went down on the first dive to the ship, ``there was a voice screaming
in my head, `Oh my God, this is the gunboat! Benedict Arnold probably walked on this deck!'''
While the Philadelphia was damaged and sunk during the battle, this vessel apparently escaped.
It may have been hit during the engagement and then allowed to sink after the crew stopped
bailing. Or the Americans may have punched a hole in it. The boat is sitting in mud, which
obscures any possible damage to the hull.
Although the tiny fleet was defeated, it slowed the British advance from Canada. When the
British finally made it to the Hudson Valley south of the lake the following spring, the
Americans had been able to amass enough troops to win what many historians have called the
decisive battles of the war.
Three years later, in 1780, newly married and strapped for cash to maintain an extravagant
lifestyle, Arnold began providing information to the British and eventually joined British
forces as a brigadier general.
This was the last of the 11 missing ships from Arnold's fleet to be found.
``There was never any doubt in my mind that it was out there,'' Barranco said. ``History had
told us so.''
A team headed by Cohn has been using sonar to scan the depths of the lake for artifacts,
including ships sunk in storms and battles in the 18th and 19th centuries. Their work has been
lent new urgency by exploding populations of zebra mussels, a species that has wreaked havoc
in North American waters since it arrived in the bilge water of European ships a decade ago.
Cohn said the strategy of the Lake Champlain Maritime Museum, founded in 1986, has been to
leave wrecks in the cold preserving water. But the threat of zebra mussels may change that
In the meantime, the team won't say exactly where the ship is.
``It should not become a thing for souvenir hunters,'' said Sen. Patrick Leahy, D-Vt. ``It should
not become something that everybody goes down to take a piece of.''
The world was astonished by the loss of the Fitz. Seventeen miles from
Michigan, the 729-foot Edmund Fitzgerald vanished at sea amidst hurricane
winds and a
magnificent storm. All twentynine crew members and the eight-million-dollar
lost. Another ship was in radar contact only 10 miles behind. In
moments, the ship vanished.
In 1994, an expedition to find her was successful. The ship was found laying
on the bottom.
Song: The Stairway
of the Edmund Fitzgerald
to the men of the Edmund Fitzgerald