compiled 3-25-00

updated 11-24-07


2-3-05 - DREAM - I was an investigator for a large company. This company was involved in a lot of things, so I was able to travel around and look at interesting things, but there was always a problem to solve. 

The first thing I saw was a sky blue planet. Its number was 333 and I was shown that there was one man standing on it. I came to know that the planet was called Earth.

Then I saw how the man taught his children. They were taught by experience.

The man sat his one year old daughter down on the floor in a small room and lit a candle and taught her how to blow at it - hopefully to blow it out like one does with a birthday candle. 

Then he did it again and put her in a closet with the lit candle on the floor and then started covering the girl and the candle with tents of paper toweling.

I panicked, knowing how dangerous that is, and I tried to grab the paper toweling away from the candle and the man stopped me. He said, "I taught her how to blow out the candle, now she has to learn by experience that that is what she has to do before the paper catches fire."

I didn't like such a dangerous way to teach something to a child but I could stop the man from teaching the child the way he wished to. 

I next went to an apartment building where they were having a problem with gas stoves not working properly.

All the stoves were in one room, side by side and all hooked together on one gas line. The stoves themselves were large as stoves go, but each one only had two burners which wasn't excessive, but the first stove had both burners on and the gas was blue but popping in and out like there wasn't enough oxygen for the gas supply, one could easily see the problem and one couldn't use all those stoves at the same time. There was neither enough gas, nor was the oxygen ratio good enough to keep the flame lit on one stove much less all the stoves.

I then went to a large store at a mall. The first problem I saw was that the floor was slanted and then I saw that the floor was dented in many places and something with water in it was leaking and the water accumulated in the low spots where it shouldn't be because people had to walk there and that was dangerous, so I recommended that the entire floor be replaced. 

At the store, I met a young woman who had a similar job to mine, but she was wearing 4-wheel boot roller-skates and she really got around fast from place to place.

I admired her energy and ambition and I wanted to be more like her, so I thought maybe we could work together on one investigation. 

She showed me a museum diorama with three windows and in each window was a painting of a massive ship that had sailed the seas in the past, but no longer did because there had been a problem and the ship had sunk. All the windows in the diorama were dark, but there was just enough light to see the names on the ships. I didn't see the name on the second ship but the third one was clearly Queen Elizabeth II.

I questioned that. The Queen Elizabeth II was sailing the seas - what was wrong with it? Why was it pictured in the dark like other past doomed ships.

Here was the perfect investigation the other girl and I could do together. Prevent the Queen Elizabeth II from going down like the other ships had.

The other girl started writing up a report on this investigation and wanted a number assigned to the report. I said, "We can't put a number on a report until we've actually done some work on it."

She was rather put out because she had already done some preliminary work on the problem, but I hadn't done anything yet, so I couldn't assign a number to the report yet.

The woman on skates left for a few moments and I looked at her desk which had several large, thick folders, full of photographs and reports of past things she had investigated.

So I tried to find the report she had started on the Queen Elizabeth II to assign a number to the investigation, but I couldn't find it. She had already taken the report and started the investigation without me. 

She was on skates and I was walking so she would get there before me. 

So I took a train to get to the ship quicker and I was laying down relaxing while the train was moving. We were going under bridges that all had our company name on because we owned the railroad too.

On each yellow covered bridge overhead, that we went under was the name DON.

Queen Elizabeth II

Cunard Line proudly continues a tradition of luxury cruising  that began in 1840. Today its flagship, Queen Elizabeth 2, is the world's most  famous ship and the greatest liner of her time. She maintains the legacy of her  Cunard and White Star Line(TM) predecessors in providing a definitive  annual World Cruise and the only scheduled transatlantic liner service. QE2 very  much sets the standard of traditional British elegance, superb White Star  Service(TM), gourmet cuisine and sumptuous accommodations that have  secured Cunard's reputation. In 2000, QE2 was joined by another classic liner,  Caronia, formerly known as Vistafjord, which also delivers an elegant, Old World  cruising experience. Whether on voyages or cruises, these two Cunard Line  vessels create a new golden age of ocean liner travel, for those who missed the  first.

She was built by the Clydebank yards of John Brown and Company, with the first keel plates laid on June 5, 1965.  She was launched by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, on September 20, 1967.  Incidentally, this event happened  two days before the Queen Mary made her last departure from New York City.

The Queen Elizabeth 2 (commonly called the QE2) left for her sea trials on November 26, 1968.  However, she had serious turbine problems, as well as other embarrassing defects.  Cunard refused to accept her in such a state, and she returned to her builders to repairs to be made.  On  January 2, 1969, the Queen Elizabeth 2 entered Southampton.  However, problems were again encountered, and Cunard again refused her.  With great embarrassment, her maiden voyages (five had been scheduled as "maiden" sailings) were cancelled, and she was sent back to the Clydebank.  This would not be the last time that the Queen Elizabeth 2 would encounter technical problems.


The first dramatic incident of the ship's career occurred in January 1971. Whilst cruising in the Caribbean it received an SOS call from the French liner Antilles. It had run aground near Mustique and leaking fuel oil had caught fire inside the ship. By the time the QE2 arrived the French ship was an inferno. The passengers had already been taken ashore to Mustique in the lifeboats. The passengers boarded the QE2, and two other French ships that had come to assist, during the night. The Antilles capsized and sank the next day and the passengers were landed in Barbados.

Whilst traveling from New York to Southampton, on 17 May 1972, the captain received a message that there was a bomb on board and that it was timed to go off during the voyage. A search by crew members proved fruitless so a bomb disposal unit was flown out and parachuted into the sea close to the ship. The incident turned out to be a hoax but the FBI succeeded in arresting the culprit. The bomb disposal team were awarded the Queen's Commendation for Brave Conduct. By 1974 the cruising business had expanded and the QE2 was operating profitably. On 1 April that year, whilst on a cruise from New York to San Juan, a technical fault caused the propulsion machinery to shut down. The ship was disabled and it was not until 3 April that the Sea Venture, a Flagship Cruises vessel, arrived to assist. The passengers were transferred and tugs were hired to tow the QE2 back to Bermuda. Subsequent repairs meant that the Easter cruise had to be cancelled.

The QE2 returned to Southampton on 11 June and work began on restoring the ship for commercial service. Following its annual overhaul, in November 1983, the ship developed boiler problems which resulted in the cancellation of a cruise. The following year, in April, the ship suffered minor damage after colliding with a breakwater at the Piraeus, in Athens, but repairs were carried out quickly. In October an electrical fire caused a complete loss of power and delayed the QE2 for two days. On its return to Southampton it was decided that diesel engines would have to be fitted to the ship in order to increase efficiency. This was done by Lloyd Werfte at Bremerhaven and was expected to save the company £12 million a year in fuel costs. Nine diesel electric engines, new propellers and equipment to capture heat expelled by the engines were fitted. The passenger accommodation was also extensively improved. The work meant that the ship was out of service from November 1986 to April 1987. The QE2 then underwent trials in the North Sea and returned to commercial service. Despite being constantly in the eye of the world's press and the financial difficulties involved in running the ship it is still in service today. The QE2 is still successful and is the last of the great Cunarders built for the transatlantic service.

- Adapted from the Cunard Archives

From: http://www.ocean-liners.com/ships/qetwo.asp

New York Harbor Pool Table -- as the ocean liner RMS Queen Elizabeth II got into a fender-bender with 2 moored warships July 5, a day after all 3 vessels took part in the 4th of July festivities. The QE2 was entering a Hudson River slip when it bumped the Japanese warship Kashima, which in turned banged into the British warship HMS Manchester. Damage was slight: scraped paint on both the QE2 & the Kashima, scrapes & some bent metal on the Manchester. No injuries. U.S. Coast Guard is investigating. Thousands of tall ships & other vessels sailed through New York Harbor on U.S. Independence Day. (Wed. July 5 2000)



World’s Grandest Liner to Offer Coast-to-Coast Voyages
Cunard Line has announced its 2006 winter cruise programme that features two epic Liner Voyages that will virtually circumnavigate South America. The new itineraries aboard the world-famous luxury liner Queen Mary 2 will feature a number of exciting maiden calls including a visit to Los Angeles.

Highlighting the new programme is a Liner Voyage in the grand Cunard tradition. The 38-day “South America Odyssey” lets passengers round Cape Horn via the Drake Passage, Beagle Channel and the Straits of Magellan. When Queen Mary 2 embarks on her journey, she will be the largest passenger vessel to ever navigate those storied waters. The historic voyage will visit vibrant South American capitals, world-class resorts, remote settlements, wildlife sanctuaries and treasures of civilisation. Prices start from $8,499 per person, double.

“When Queen Mary 2 visits a port for the first time she is welcomed in royal fashion with great fanfare,” said David Gevanthor, Cunard’s vice president of marketing. “These Cape Horn Liner Voyages offer guests the opportunity to share this excitement as they partake in an epic passage around the tip of South America.”

From January through April 2006 Queen Mary 2 will chart a memorable course through the East Indies and along the Atlantic seaboard of South America, around Tierra del Fuego to Chile and the Pacific Coast, then on to the Mexican Riviera, Hawaii and the United States. For those with wanderlust, but not unlimited vacation time, it is possible to choose from five shorter itineraries, which range from three to 14 days long. Air add-on fares are available from 161 North American cities in connection with the South America programme.

“Panama & the Caribbean” – departing January 3, 2006 – is a 12-day, round-trip cruise from the cold of New York to warm Caribbean climes with calls at St. Thomas, Curacao, Cristobal, Puerto Moin in Costa Rica. With the ship’s Pavilion Pool and Jacuzzis on Deck 12 covered by a retractable, glass roof, it’s possible for passengers to escape the inclement weather shortly after embarkation. As a sightseeing highlight, tours to the Panama Canal are offered from Cristobal. Cruise prices begin at $2,599 per person, double, including early booking savings.

“Route to Rio” will see the triumphant return of Queen Mary 2 to Rio de Janeiro after a one-year hiatus – her inaugural visit in February 2004 to celebrate Carnival was heralded throughout Brazil and neighbouring nations. A southbound voyage departs New York for Rio January 16, 2006, calling at St. Kitts, St. Lucia and Salvador de Bahia, Brazil, en route. The reverse itinerary departs Rio on April 3, 2006, and visits Barbados in place of St. Lucia. Prices for the 12-day cruise start from $2,799 per person, double.

“Cape Horn & Chilean Fjords” is a 12-day navigation of Patagonia. The Rio to Valparaiso (Santiago) voyage – departing January 27, 2006 – visits Montevideo, Uruguay; Ushuaia, Argentina; and Punta Arenas and Puerto Montt in Chile. The reverse itinerary departs March 22, 2006. Scenic wonders abound including the Straits of Magellan, Chilean fjords and Lake District, Tierra del Fuego and even a flightseeing excursion to Antarctica. Prices start from $2,999 per person, double.

“Andes & the Americas” – between Valparaiso and Los Angeles – is a two-week cruise to ports in seven countries. Queen Mary 2 will call at Callao, Peru (gateway to Lima); Esmeraldas, Ecuador (for Quito); Fuerte Amador, Panama; Puerto Caldera, Costa Rica; and Acapulco. From Fuerte Amador passengers can join an excursion to the Panama Canal Zone. The Valparaiso to Los Angeles itinerary departs February 8, 2006, and operates in the reverse direction March 8. Prices start at $3,299 per person, double.

West Coast Escape” – February 22-25, 2006 – is a three-night voyage designed to enable Californians to sample the myriad pleasures of Queen Mary 2. The round-trip Los Angeles cruise makes a stop at Ensenada along the way. Prices start at $749 per person, double.

“Royal Hawaiian Liner” – departing February 25, 2006 – is an 11-day “liner voyage” sailing round-trip from Los Angeles to the Hawaiian Islands of Maui, Honolulu and Kailua-Kona. Prices start at $2,749 per person, double.

Queen Mary 2 is the largest (151,400 tons), longest (1,132 feet), tallest (236 feet), widest (135 feet) and most expensive ($800 million) passenger vessel ever built. There are 1,310 suites and cabins available in degrees of style and comfort ranging from pampered elegance to almost unimaginable luxury. In fact, the liner’s Grill-level luxury accommodations received top marks from the Berlitz guide, besting such lines as Crystal, Silversea and Radisson Seven Seas.

Among the many notable facilities on board Queen Mary 2 are 10 dining venues, including a Mediterranean speciality restaurant run by star chef Todd English, the only spa at sea operated by Canyon Ranch health resorts, the largest ballroom at sea, the largest library at sea, the largest wine collection at sea, a Veuve Clicquot Champagne Bar, a two-story theatre, a casino, five indoor and outdoor swimming pools, hot tubs and children’s facilities with British nannies
Date Posted: 11/12/2004

From: http://www.cunard.com/


Largest cruise ship set for maiden voyage

Monday, May 1, 2006;

SOUTHAMPTON, England (Reuters) -- The world's largest cruise ship docked in England on Saturday ahead of its inaugural trip -- a floating behemoth that dwarfs the Titanic, with facilities never imagined at the dawn of the liner age.

At 158,000 tons, the Freedom of the Seas offers a pool with artificial waves for surfers, an ice rink and cantilevered whirlpools that extend out from the sides of the ship, 112 feet above the sea.

The vessel, which will sail next Wednesday for New York before heading to its Miami base from where it will ply the Caribbean trade, wrested the crown as the world's biggest liner from the 151,000-tonne Queen Mary 2 launched over two years ago.

The ship can hold over 3,600 guests, is 15 decks high and is the length of 37 buses.

The gleaming white vessel edged into Southampton port, southern England on a sunny morning on Saturday and will be welcomed with a fireworks display in the evening.

The vessel will entertain guests including VIPs and travel journalists in Southampton before traveling to New York, where a naming ceremony will take place.

But Freedom's time at the top may be short-lived amid talk of even larger ships. A vessel code named Project Genesis is already set to make an appearance in 2009 at 220,000 tonnes.

The U.S.-Norwegian owners Royal Caribbean say Freedom of the Seas was designed to appeal to the broadest consumer base possible.

But although the industry appears committed to building ever-larger ships, there is disquiet among some operators that vessels are becoming too big and the market too crowded.

Earlier this month, the head of rival Carnival said it was shifting away from the dominant Caribbean market which has been weakened recently by hurricane fears and lower demand. Carnival said it would shift focus towards the Alaskan and European markets.

Copyright 2006 Reuters. All rights reserved

The World's Largest Cruise Ship Sets Sail for New York

Posted on 04 May 2006
Holding 3,634 guests double-occupancy, Royal Caribbean's Freedom of the Seas is the largest cruise ship in the world.

MIAMI, May 3 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- The world's largest and most innovative cruise ship, Royal Caribbean International's Freedom of the Seas, left Southampton, England today to make her transatlantic voyage to New York where she will make her U.S. debut on Wednesday, May 10. Having already caused quite a stir in Europe, Freedom of the Seas was reported to be the second most popular search term on yahoo.com last week. Now the ship is set to make her mark on the United States where she will introduce a shipboard surf park, cantilevered whirlpools suspended 112 feet above the ocean, a full-size boxing ring and a 14-person family suite to an eager American audience.

The general public can catch a glimpse of Freedom of the Seas during the entire month of May as she makes her way up and down the East Coast making stops at: Cape Liberty Cruise Port in Bayonne, NJ; Pier 92 at Manhattan's West side in New York; Warehouse Berths 6 and 7 in Boston; and, finally, the Port of Miami.

Holding 3,634 guests double-occupancy, Freedom of the Seas is the largest cruise ship in the world. The first in Royal Caribbean's new Freedom class, she sails seven-night Western Caribbean itineraries from Miami calling in Cozumel, Mexico; George Town, Grand Cayman; Montego Bay, Jamaica; and Royal Caribbean's private destination, Labadee, Hispaniola.

Royal Caribbean International is a global cruise brand currently with 20 ships in service and three under construction.

Liner 'Sinking' In Iceberg Collision - 11-23-2007


There's high drama - Titanic-style - in the South Atlantic this morning as a cruise liner is near sinking in the freezing Antarctic Ocean

The vessel, which is was being helped by coastguards in Britain, is the cruise ship the M/S Explorer.

It is believed to have collided with an iceberg at sea and has begun taking in water.

It is in difficulties near the South Shetland Islands, south of Argentina and has been evacuated.

Some 154 people are believed to have been on board and have taken to the life rafts. About 20 Britons are among the evacuated passengers.

The UK's Falmouth Coastguard in Cornwall is currently helping. Andy Catterall, from Falmouth Coastguard, said they had good communication links in the area and were passing information to America for them to pass on to Argentina.

Susan Hayes, of Gap Adventures, which owns the ship, said some 100 passengers and 54 crew members were evacuated to lifeboats and then to another ship, belived to be the Endeavour, as well as a Norwegian cruise ship, the Nordnorge.

Ms Hayes, vice-president of marketing for Toronto-based Gap Adventures, said: "The M/S Explorer hit a lump of ice off King George Island this morning and the impact left the vessel with a crack in the hull the size of a fist."

The captain and the chief officer remained on board while everyone was evacuated. However, the vessel is said to be listing at 25 degrees - although the tour company has said it was only tilting at eight degrees - and insist that while the ship was taking on water, the pumps were being used to stop the ship sinking.


People saved from sinking ship

More than 150 people have been rescued from a cruise liner which is sinking after hitting ice off Antarctica.

Hitting the ice left a hole the size of a fist in the M/S Explorer, letting in loads of water near the South Shetland Islands, in the Antarctic Ocean.

The cruise liner was evacuated, with 100 passengers and 54 crew being moved first to lifeboats, then another ship.

A Norwegian cruise ship, called the Nordnorge, that was in the area was diverted to help with the rescue. The Explorer's captain and chief officer remained on board until everyone had been helped to safety.

Coastguards from nearby Argentina, America and even Falmouth in Cornwall, here in the UK, all got involved in the massive rescue operation.

The firm that owns the sinking ship said all of its passengers, including 23 Britons, were "safe and well".

They're being taken to the port of Ushuaia in southern Argentina, where they started out on their 19-day cruise 12 days ago.

2 missing after Greek cruise ship sinks

DEREK GATOPOULOS, Associated Press Writer

ATHENS, Greece - A Greek cruise ship that struck a volcanic reef and forced the evacuation of hundreds of tourists sank on Friday, 15 hours after it began taking on water off the coast of a Mediterranean island. A Frenchman and his daughter were missing, officials said.

Passengers on Thursday climbed down rope ladders to coast guard boats below in a three-hour rescue that involved Greece's military, commercial ships and local fishermen from the island of Santorini. Passengers on the cruise were mostly American, and also included groups from Canada and Spain.

Authorities said two French passengers — a 45-year-old man and his 16-year-old daughter — had still not been accounted for, and lists of rescued passengers were being rechecked.

Tourism Minister Fanny Palli Petralia said she had spoken with the missing passenger's wife.

"The lady said her cabin filled with water when the ship struck rocks and that she narrowly escaped," Petralia said. "She was not sure whether her husband and daughter made it out because things happened so suddenly ... in a few seconds. Her other child was up on deck and was evacuated safely."

Those rescued said most people remained calm though there were some tense moments.

The Sea Diamond struck rocks in the sea-filled crater formed by a volcanic eruption 3,500 years ago. Tourists gathered on clifftop towns and villages to watch the rescue.

"We realized there was a serious problem ... We exited our cabin and it was tough to be able to walk out of the ship. A lot of people were very emotional over it, upset, very frightened," said Stephen Johnson, a Canadian passenger.

An Australian passenger, Katie Sumner, said the early stages of the rescue were chaotic.

"We heard a big shudder and then the whole boat started to tilt," Sumner said.

"All of our glasses were sliding everywhere and our warning that the ship was sinking was some of the staff running down the corridor screaming out 'life jackets' and banging on doors, so we got no time to, sort of, get ready or anything, we just left as we were."

The 469-foot Sea Diamond was operated by Louis Cruise Lines, part of a Cyprus-based tourism group. The Merchant Marine Ministry said 1,195 passengers and 391 crew members were on board.

"Whoever is responsible for this will be held accountable in the strictest way," Petralia said. "Greece is a major tourism destination and incidents like this must not be allowed to occur. ... Authorities handled the rescue very well."

Most of the rescued passengers arrived at Athens' main port of Piraeus Friday on a chartered ferry and a Louis cruise ship.

Authorities on Santorini said they were working to contain a small oil spillage from the sunken ship.

The Sea Diamond's captain and three officers were being interviewed Friday by coast guard investigators who flew to Santorini.

More than 300 rescued passengers arrived at Athens' main port of Piraeus early Friday on a chartered ferry, and more were due to arrive later in the day on another Louis cruise ship.

The Sea Diamond was built in 1986 and refurbished in 1999.

Associated Press writer John F.L. Ross and AP television staff contributed to this report.


The Crown Princess introduces a number of new design innovations to the Princess fleet, including a dramatic new piazza-style atrium that features casual dining venues in a street cafe environment. Many of the hallmark features that define the Princess experience can be found onboard, including the dramatic Movies Under the Stars poolside movie screen and the famed Personal Choice Dining. Passengers can also enjoy dining in a new Steak and Seafood restaurant with a theater-style kitchen where chefs will custom-prepare steamed shellfish and cooked-to-order steaks and chops. Re-energize in the two-story Lotus Spa with fitness center or relax and enjoy the view from any of the 900 staterooms with private balconies.
Ship Statistics
Name: Crown Princess Registry: Bermuda
Builder: Fincantieri's Country Built In: Italy
Ship Completed Date: 1/1/2005 Capacity: 3110
Number of Crew, Nationality: 1200, Internation Gross Tonnage: 116,000
Stabilized: Yes Average Speed: 22 knots
Maximum Speed: 22 knots Length: 951 feet
Beam: 118 feet Space Ratio: 42:01:00
Number of Passenger Decks: 14 Number of Inside Rooms: 452
Number of Outside Rooms: 1105 Number of Restaurants: 9
Number of Pools: 4 Number of Elevators: 14
Voltage: 110/220 AC Non-Smoking Dining: Yes
Non-Smoking Ship: No

Cruise ship Crown Princess rolls; about 10 seriously hurt
[Editors note: Other news sources say 70 hurt]
CNN saying 240 treated by doctors.
Posted by the Asbury Park Press on 07/18/06


PORT CANAVERAL, Fla. -- The Crown Princess, a cruise ship making its fourth voyage, suddenly rolled heavily to its left today, injuring dozens of people, including two critically, officials said.

The ship had returned to port, where medical personnel were treating the injured. No deaths had been reported and all passengers and crew had been accounted for, authorities said.

The Crown Princess, which can hold 3,000 passengers, was 11 1/2 miles southeast of Port Canaveral en route to New York when it experienced problems with its steering equipment, causing it to roll abruptly to its port side, Coast Guard Petty Officer James Judge said.

Judge could not immediately say how severely the 113,000-ton ship listed. It first sailed last month.

Among the critically injured was a child, officials said. Another 10 people were seriously hurt and about 30 had lesser injuries, said Fire Rescue Capt. Jim Watson.

"There were people running for life jackets, and then afterward a lot of people hugging and crying, people looking for children,'' Carol O'Connell told NBC's Miami affiliate, WTVJ-TV, by phone.

"The captain came on and made an announcement that there was a problem with the steering mechanism and the captain sounded so terrified, which led to my feeling of more panic,'' she said.

O'Connell said she saw flooding, tables overturned and lots of broken glass.

The ship is owned by Princess Cruises, one of 12 brands operated by Miami-based Carnival Corp. The company said it was investigating the cause of the incident. The ship had just left Port Canaveral, on Florida's east coast, after a nine-day Western Caribbean cruise.

"We deeply regret this incident, and are doing everything we can to make our passengers as comfortable as possible under these difficult circumstances,'' company spokeswoman Julie Benson said.

Editor's Note: Do you know someone aboard the Crown Princess? Please contact Assistant Metro Editor Nirmal Mitra at (732) 643-4209 or nmitra@app.com


Investigators inspect cruise ship that rolled to one side off Florida coast


Associated Press

PORT CANAVERAL, Fla. -- Federal investigators examined a new cruise ship Wednesday to try to determine why the 951-foot vessel suddenly rolled to one side, seriously injuring 20 people in a scene that looked like something out of the movie on that night's bill, "Titanic."

The Coast Guard also questioned why authorities first learned of the trouble not from the captain, but from the mother of a passenger who had called her from the ship.

The Crown Princess rolled 15 degrees to its right Tuesday afternoon about 11.5 miles off Port Canaveral, throwing passengers, TV sets and other objects against the deck and walls. The ship slowly came back up after 30 to 40 seconds, by passengers' estimate, then returned to port.

The crew reported a steering problem aboard the 113,000-ton vessel, which was christened only last month. The ship was sailing through calm seas, and there was no indication that a rogue wave or foul play contributed to the roll, officials said.

The Coast Guard and the National Transportation Safety Board began an investigation.

"We'll look at weather, we'll look at stability issues and we'll look at mechanical issues," Coast Guard Commander James McLaughlin said.

As passengers boarded buses for the airport Wednesday, many recounted the terrifying scene. Some sobbed and clutched loved ones.

"Another 20 degrees and I would have been in the water," said Alfred Caproni, of North Adams, Mass., who was on his balcony on the ninth deck. "All the water from the pools was coming right over the edge. It was like Niagara Falls. There were dozens of people with bleeding noses."

Gerald Brock, a surgeon from Ontario, Canada, said he helped ship doctors treat dozens of passengers with such injuries as broken bones, dislocated joints, short of breath and chest pains.

Tuesday night's movie aboard the ship was supposed to be "Titanic," according to several passengers.

The cruise line reported that all 3,100 passengers and 1,200 crew members were accounted for, but the Coast Guard was still verifying that information Wednesday.

"There is a possibility when you take a roll like that that somebody could have gone overboard," McLaughlin said.

About 240 passengers were treated on board for minor injuries, according to Princess Cruises. Ninety-eight people were taken to the hospital, including a child and an adult who were critically injured.

Coast Guard officials said it was unusual that first word of a problem came from a passenger's mother. The Coast Guard immediately tried to contact the vessel, but were unable to reach it for 10 minutes, Petty Officer James Judge said.

Capt. Andrew Proctor was not on the bridge at the time of the incident, Princess Cruises spokeswoman Julie Benson said. She said that she did not know who called the Coast Guard first, but that it is standard procedure for the captain to contact authorities.

Coast Guard officials said it is not uncommon for a captain to first assess the situation and ensure the ship's stability before contacting them.

Investigators said there was no indication the captain was under the influence of drugs or alcohol. He tested negative for alcohol; drug test results were still pending.

"He's one of our most senior captains. He's been with the company for about 35 years. He has an exemplary record," Benson said.

She said all passengers on the nine-day Western Caribbean cruise ending in New York would receive a full refund.

A similar incident occurred in February on a ship also operated by Princess. The 2,600-passenger Grand Princess left the Port of Galveston but soon turned around after a passenger suffered a heart attack. The ship tipped sharply on its side, injuring 27 passengers and 10 crew members. The incident was blamed on human error, Benson said.

James Hall, former chairman of the NTSB, said Wednesday he hopes the latest incident will prompt federal officials to toughen cruise industry regulations.

"This was a serious roll, there were injuries and obviously the people that were on the ship were terrified," Hall said.

-- Associated Press writers Travis Reed in Port Canaveral and Kelli Kennedy in Miami contributed to this report.


In A city still emerging from the floods of Hurricane Katrina, a ship has begun to rise from the ashes of the September 11 terrorist attacks.

Bringing together America’s two great calamities of the 21st century, the USS New York is being built in New Orleans with 24 tonnes of steel taken from the collapsed World Trade Centre.

There is no shortage of scrap metal in New Orleans these days, but the girders taken from Ground Zero have been treated with a reverence usually accorded to religious relics. After a brief ceremony in 2003, about seven tonnes of steel were melted down and poured into a cast to make the bow section of the ship’s hull.

Some shipworkers say the hairs stood up on the backs of their necks the first time they touched it. Others have postponed their retirement so they can be part of the project.

One worker, Tony Quaglino, said: “I was going to go in October 2004 after 40 years here, but I put it off when I found out I could be working on New York. This is sacred and it makes me very proud.” Glen Clement, a paint superintendent, said: “Nobody passes by that bow section without knocking on it. Everybody knows what it is made from and what it’s about.”

The ship is being built by Northrop Grumman on the banks of the Mississippi. It should be ready to join the US Navy in 2007.

Later vessels in its class will include USS Arlington — named after the section of the Pentagon that was also hit by an airliner on September 11 — and USS Somerset, in memory of United Flight 93, which crashed in a field in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, on the same day as passengers struggled with al-Qaeda hijackers.

Mr Clement said it would be fitting if USS New York’s first mission was to capture Osama bin Laden. He said: “They hit us first, but out of a tragedy a good thing has come, in that we’re building a ship which can help take those people out.”

The $1 billion vessel is one of a new generation of amphibious assault ships capable of landing a 700-strong Marines assault force on a coastline almost anywhere without the need for a port.

Woody Oge, Northrop Grumman’s director of operations in New Orleans, was keen to play down suggestions that the ship might be used to spearhead invasions.

He pointed out that LPD vessels had been used as much for humanitarian assistance as for war. One such ship, USS Boxer, was dispatched to help to deal with the aftermath of Katrina.

Although the hurricane smashed its way through the shipyard last summer, the half-completed New York survived intact. The same cannot be said for the homes of some of its builders. About 200 are still living at the shipyard in the hastily set up “Camp Katrina”.

They include Earl Jones. More than eight months after Katrina, he does not know if his home in the Lower Ninth ward will be rebuilt. “The insurance company won’t even talk to us,” he said. “We’re having to hire lawyers to chase ’em. I don’t like this, but I don’t want to be out of work.”

Mr Jones’s wife was evacuated to Baton Rouge and is seriously ill with breast cancer and pneumonia. He said: “She ain’t handling very well me being away all the time.”

Katrina and 9/11 are two disasters that continue to produce very different responses from America. Mr Jones does not want his old home enshrined in a $1 billion fighting machine, but a small cheque from the insurance firm might help.


  • USS New York, USS Arlington and USS Somerset will be part of a nine-vessel fleet of new amphibious transport ships
  • Length: 208.5m (684ft) — more than twice as long as the Statue of Liberty
  • Beam: 31.9m (105ft); weight: 24,900 tonnes; speed: 22 knots
  • Equipment: helicopters, landing craft, amphibious vehicles, missile launchers
  • Crew: more than 1,000, comprising 361 ship’s company plus 699 marines
Career United States Navy Jack
Awarded: 25 November 2003
Laid down: 10 September 2004
Status: Out and working
General Characteristics
Displacement: 24,900 tons full
Length: 208.5 m (684 ft) overall,
201.4 m (661 ft) waterline
Beam: 31.9 m (105 feet) extreme, 29.5 m (97 ft) waterline
Draft: 7 m (23 ft)
Propulsion: Four Colt-Pielstick diesel engines, two shafts, 40,000 hp (30 MW)
Speed: 22 knots (41 km/h)
Complement: 28 officers, 333 enlisted
Armament: Two 30 mm Bushmaster II, for surface threat defense;
two Rolling Airframe Missile launchers for air defense.
Aircraft: Four CH-46 Sea Knight helicopters or two MV-22 tilt rotor aircraft may be launched or recovered simultaneously.
Landing Craft: Two LCACs (air cushion) or one LCU (conventional);
14 EFVs
Troops: 699 (66 officers, 633 enlisted); surge to 800 total.
Motto: Never Forget

USS New York (LPD-21), a San Antonio-class amphibious transport dock, is the fifth ship of the United States Navy to be named for the state of New York. The ship is designed to deliver a fully-equipped battalion of 699 Marines.

Shortly after 11 September 2001, Governor of New York George E. Pataki wrote a letter to Secretary of the Navy Gordon England requesting that the Navy bestow the name USS New York on a surface warship involved in the War on Terror in honor of September 11's victims. In his letter, the Governor said he understood state names are currently reserved for submarines, but asked for special consideration so the name could be given to a surface ship. The request was approved 28 August 2002.

Oddly enough, a previous holder of the name, USS New York (BB-34), had its keel laid on September 11, 1911, exactly 90 years to the day before the WTC was attacked.

Twenty-four tons of the steel used in its construction came from the rubble of the World Trade Center, with seven tons melted down and cast to form the ship's "stem bar" — part of the ship's bow.[1] The shipyard workers reportedly treated it with "reverence usually accorded to religious relics",gently touching it as they walked by.[2]

On 9 September 2004, the Secretary of the Navy announced that two of her sister ships will be named Arlington and Somerset, in commemoration of the places two of the other planes used in the attack came down: Somerset, Pennsylvania and Arlington, Virginia.

The contract to build New York was awarded to Northrop Grumman Ship Systems of New Orleans, Louisiana in 2003.

The ship also survived Hurricane Katrina.


The Urca

The Urca - 1715
Florida, USA


There are no roses on sailors graves,
Nor wreaths upon the storm tossed waves,
No last post from the Royals band,
So far away from their native land,
No heartbroken words carved on stone,
Just shipmates bodies there alone,
The only tributes are the seagulls sweeps,
And the teardrop when a loved one weeps.

Quoted from:
Royal National Lifeboat Institution

Old Shipwreck Found Off Alaskan Coast

The Torrent, which is the oldest American wreck ever found in Alaska, is one of about
2,500 ships that have sunk off the state's coast in the past 250 years, according to one
cultural anthropologist. Source: AP

Posted: 2007-10-09 19:28:02
Filed Under: Science News
ANCHORAGE, Alaska (Oct. 9) - A private dive team has discovered the wreckage of an American ship that sank off the south-central Alaska coast 139 years ago.

The Torrent sank in Cook Inlet in 1868 after tidal currents rammed it into a reef south of the Kenai Peninsula. Documents from the period show that all 155 people on board survived.

The U.S. had purchased Alaska from Russia less than a year earlier, and about 130 Army soldiers had come north on the Torrent to build the first U.S. military fort in south-central Alaska.

The shipwreck is the oldest American wreck ever found in Alaska.

"It's a very significant find because it's right after the purchase, during the transition from Russian to American authority," said Judy Bittner, a state historic preservation officer. "It's the very beginning of federal presence in Alaska and the establishment of order."

A four-man dive team led by Steve Lloyd, owner of Anchorage's largest independent book store, found remnants of the wreckage in July. They kept the discovery secret at the request of state officials, who wanted more time to document the site before any looters arrive. Its discovery was announced Monday.

An array of objects, from guns, cannons, shoes and plates, are hidden beneath the broad leaves of giant kelp beds or concealed in caverns and crevices among massive boulders, Lloyd said.

"It's like walking through a field of tall grass and undergrowth looking for a baseball that you've lost," Lloyd said.

Big finds include the two anchors, sections of hull and heavy bronze rudder hinges weighing about 100 lbs.
About 2,500 ships have wrecked off the Alaska coast since Russian explorers first arrived in 1741, according to Mike Burwell, a cultural anthropologist for the federal Minerals Management Service. A partial database on the service's Web site lists Japanese submarines and fishing trawlers, Liberian freighters and New England whaling ships, among others.

The Torrent is now being considered for listing in the National Registry of Historic Places. Bittner said state or federal archaeologists may study the wreck if they can secure enough funding.
Copyright 2007 The Associated Press. The information contained in the AP news report may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or otherwise distributed without the prior written authority of The Associated Press. All active hyperlinks have been inserted by AOL.
2007-10-09 14:33:33



Over the course of many years, interest in the history of ships has increased dramatically. A major component of this renewed interest has been underwater heritage - the shipwreck. Discovery of the War of 1812 wrecks HAMILTON and SCOURGE in Lake Ontario, and the widely publicized finding of the TITANIC served to heighten general public awareness of underwater archaeology and history.

There have been increased demands for information stored in various records repositories across the country. However there exists no master list or index to all the records pertaining to  shipping losses.

There are various guides and finding aids (lists of files, card indexes, and so on) available in the Government Archives to assist the researcher and also on the Internet, also libraries.

Researchers should not expect quick and easy answers to involved or complicated questions. Ships missing in recent times may be guarded documents in government files and not available for easy scrutiny for security purposes.

As a general rule, researchers should seek to gain as much information as they possibly can in reference to their shipwreck(s) of interest prior to consulting the Archives. In addition to the vessel's name, useful details include the site of the casualty, the date of the accident, the ship's port of registry, the ship's official number, and the year the vessel was constructed. In many cases, it is difficult to obtain all the relevant facts; however, it is absolutely vital that the name of the vessel be known. All of the records relating to shipwrecks are organized
according to ship's name. Consequently, it is extremely rare that a shipwreck can be identified simply with the knowledge of its geographic location or its ship's number. Each additional piece of information tends to facilitate the identification of the shipwreck and the records which may be available, but the name of the vessel is a prerequisite link to the

The geographic location together with the date of the casualty follow next in priority of importance, and in fact it is very difficult to identify shipwrecks and their potential archival records without at least one of these details. The port of registry, ship's number, and construction date comprise information of comparatively lesser utility, but do help to confirm the identity of individual vessels. This can be especially important in cases where the identity of a vessel is placed in doubt by the duplication of ship's name.

A common example, the Government Archives Division in Canada has custody of records for more than two hundred ships called MARY.

An excellent source of information on ships and shipwrecks is of course the local public library and the companion resources of the inter-library loan network. There are available any number of maritime histories and bibliographies which offer reference points to begin shipwreck research.

Newspapers contemporary to the incident normally offer some insight.

Researchers can also obtain official lists of shipping casualties from the federal government.

On 11 February 1897, a fire in the West Block of the Parliament Buildings in Canada destroyed all the registry files and reports of the Department of  Marine and Fisheries to approximately the year 1892, with the result that  there is virtually no archival record of official Canadian maritime activity  from the inception of the Marine Branch in 1868 for a period of about  twenty-five years, save the ships' registration records and the articles of
agreement and ships' logs maintained by the Maritime History Group  (Memorial University of Newfoundland.

There are several contemporary published sources which can be consulted for wreck information. Of primary importance are the Annual Reports of the Department of Marine and Fisheries, published each year from 1868 and especially useful until approximately 1920.

The archival records described below are only the major sources of information available on shipwrecks in the Government Archives Division. The guide is not meant to be exhaustive or definitive; rather, it is intended to direct researchers to the obvious sources.

Wreck registers record basic facts for each reported marine casualty, including the name of the vessel, the date of the casualty, the port of registry, sailed from/bound to, location, lives lost/saved, and remarks. For many years, these registers formed the basis for the List of Shipping Casualties published as a supplement to the Annual Report of the Department of Marine and Fisheries.


Wreck reports consist of completed two-page forms which provide in as much detail as possible information pertaining to missing ships, collisions, strandings and founderings of both Canadian and foreign registered vessels in Canadian inland and coastal waters. The reports are arranged in chronological order by year, within each year by geographic location (i.e., Pacific Coast, Inland Waters, and Atlantic Coast), and within each geographic area, in alphabetical order by name of vessel.

Wreck reports normally provide a corpus of information for each marine casualty reported on, and may include the following details: registration data for the vessel, name of master, number of crew, ownership, cargo, voyage details, and a brief account of the casualty (see attached example).

For many years it has been incumbent upon masters of  ships to file official reports within twenty-four hours of an incident at the office of the nearest Shipping Master or Receiver of Wreck. Experience has shown, however, that for various reasons some wrecks were not the subject of official reports, especially during the years prior to 1936. Consequently, it should not be assumed that the absence of a wreck report categorically denies the possibility of a casualty occurrence or the existence of other documentation pertaining to that occurrence.

Researchers should not assume that all wrecks invariably result in the convening of a board of preliminary or formal inquiry. There are many instances of shipwreck where no action was taken beyond the filing of an official wreck report.

Records include subject files on collisions, groundings, sinkings and enemy u-boat activities.

Explore Mel Fisher Maritime Museum and Key West, Florida's four ships, the Nuestra Señora de Atocha and the Santa Margarita, both of which sank in a hurricane in 1622; The St. John’s Wreck, a vessel of exploration that carried conquistadors to the Caribbean in roughly 1560; and the Henrietta Marie, an English merchant slaver that sank off the Florida Keys in 1700.


Major Shipwrecks Since 1833

May 11, Lady of the Lake: bound from England to Quebec, struck iceberg; 215 perished.
Sept. 29, Annie Jane: emigrant vessel off coast of Scotland; 348 died.
April 27, Sultana: boiler explosion on Mississippi River steamboat, near Memphis, 1,547 killed.
Nov. 26, City of Portland: 157 died near Cape Cod.
June 15, General Slocum: excursion steamer burned in East River, N.Y.; 1,021 perished.
March 5, Principe de Asturias: Spanish steamer struck rock off Sebastien Point; 500 drowned.
April 15, Titanic: sank after colliding with iceberg; 1,513 died.
May 29, Empress of Ireland: sank after collision in St. Lawrence River; 1,024 perished.
July 24, Eastland: Great Lakes excursion steamer overturned in Chicago River; 812 died.
Dec. 6, Mont Blanc: French ammunition ship collided with Belgian steamer in Halifax Harbor, Canada; 1,600 people died.
Nov. 12, Vestris: British steamer sank in gale off Va.; 110 died.
Sept. 8, Morro Castle: 134 killed in fire off Asbury Park, N.J.
May 23, Squalus: submarine with 59 men sank off Hampton Beach, N.H.; 33 saved.
June 1, Submarine Thetis: sank in Liverpool Bay, England; 99 perished.
Oct. 2, Queen Mary: rammed and sank a British cruiser; 338 aboard the cruiser died.
April 9: U.S. ship, loaded with aerial bombs, exploded at Bari, Italy; at least 360 killed.
Nov.: unidentified Chinese troopship evacuating Nationalist troops from Manchuria sank near Yingkow, killing an estimated 6,000 persons.
Dec. 3, Kiangya: Chinese passenger ship carrying refugees fleeing Communist troops during civil war, struck an old mine, exploded, and sank off Shanghai; over 3,000 believed to have been killed.
Sept. 17, Noronic: Canadian Great Lakes cruise ship burned at Toronto dock; about 130 died.
April 26, Hobson: minesweeper collided with aircraft carrier Wasp and sank during night maneuvers in mid-Atlantic; 176 persons lost.
Jan. 9, Chang Tyong-Ho: South Korean ferry foundered off Pusan; 249 reported dead.
Jan. 31, Princess Victoria: British ferry sank in Irish Sea; 133 lost.
Sept. 26, Toya Maru: more than 1,000 killed when commercial ferry sank in Tsugaru Strait, Japan.
July 25, Andrea Doria: Italian liner collided with Swedish liner Stockholm off Nantucket Island, Mass., sank next day. At least 52 died or were unaccounted for.
April 8, Dara: British liner exploded and sank in Persian Gulf; 236 dead. Caused by time bomb.
April 10, Thresher: atomic-powered submarine sank in North Atlantic; 129 dead.
May 4: United Arab Republic ferry capsized and sank in upper Nile; over 200 died.
Late May, Scorpion: nuclear submarine sank in Atlantic 400 miles S.W. of Azores; 99 dead.
Dec. 15: ferry in Korean Strait capsized; 261 lost.
Oct. 20, George Prince: Mississippi River ferry rammed by Norwegian tanker Frosta near Luling, La.; 77 dead.
May 25, 10th of Ramadan: Nile steamer caught fire and sank in Lake Nasser, near Aswan, Egypt; 272 dead and 75 missing.
March 9: British ferry capsized after leaving Belgian port of Zeebrugge with 500 aboard; 134 drowned. Water rushing through open bow is believed to be probable cause.
Dec. 20.: over 4,000 killed when passenger ferry Dona Paz collided with oil tanker Victor off Mindoro Is., 110 miles south of Manila.
April 7, Scandinavian Star: suspected arson fire aboard Danish-owned North Sea ferry killed at least 110 passengers in Skagerrak Strait off Norway.
April 7: double-decker ferry sank in Gyaing River in Myanmar (Burma) during a storm and 215 persons were believed drowned.
Dec. 14: ferry carrying 569 passengers sank in Red Sea off coast of Safaga, Egypt, after hitting a coral reef. Over 460 people believed drowned.
Feb. 17, Neptune: triple-deck ferry capsized off southern peninsula of Haiti during a squall. Over 1,000 passengers believed drowned. About 300 survived the sinking.
Sept. 28, Estonia: passenger ferry capsized off coast of Southwest Finland and sank in a stormy Baltic Sea. Only about 140 of the estimated 1,040 passengers aboard survived.
Jan. 21, Gurita: overloaded ferry sank off the coast of northern Sumatra, killing 340.
Feb., Harta Rimba: ship sank in the South China Sea, killing about 325 people. The ship had not been licensed for passenger use.
Nov. 24, Dashun ferry carrying more than 300 passengers sank after catching fire. More than 150 confirmed dead, with another 140 missing.


The Sea Venture, sailing ship 1609 Right off Bermuda
Its rescue boat 1609 Right off Bermuda
Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe's three accompanying galleons 1750 North Carolina coast
Patriot, packet ship carrying aaron Burr's daughter 1812 In Gulf Stream
Wasp, US warship 1814 Off coast of S. Carolina
Mary Celeste 1872
The Spray, sloop 1909
The Cyclops, USN fuel ship 1918 On way from Barbados to Norfolk, Va
Porta Noca, passenger ship 1926 Took off from Isle of Pines near Cuba
Sandra, freighter 1957 Out from Savannah
Renovoc, yacht 1958 Took off from Key West
The Enchantress 1965 50 miles southwest of Charleston, S. Carolina
Witchcraft 1967 Off Miami
Scorpion, nuclear powered sub 1968 Off the Azores
Flight 19, 5 avenger bombers 1945 Coming back from Bimini
Martin Mariner, PBM flying boat in search 1945 From Patrick AFB
Star Tiger, commercial airliner 1948 En route from Azores to Bermuda
DC-3 charter flight 1949
Star Ariel, commercial airliner 1950 En route to Kingston
Air Force Tender 1962 En route Va. to Azores
Private plane 1962 Off Nassau
U.S. Superfortress since
British Army Transport since
Two US Navy Patrol planes since

North Carolina Shipwreck - a 570 gross-ton, iron-hulled cargo ship built in Scotland in 1876. The ship was wrecked off Bermuda's west end on 1 January 1880 while transporting a load of general cargo that included cotton.

The Bermuda Triangle


International Registry of Sunken and Missing Ships

International Maritime Organization

The United States Navy on the World Wide Web

U.S. Coastguard

U.S. Naval Armed Guard

The Iceland Coastguard

Department of Maritime Archaeology - experimental bibliographic database.
This database lists about 6000 maritime archaeological and associated

Emerald Bay - California's first underwater shipwreck park.

Florida's Underwater Archaeological Preserves - In 1987, Florida began to
develop a statewide system of underwater parks featuring shipwrecks and
other historic sites.

The Great Lakes Shipwreck File: - have information on nearly 500 reported
total losses.

The International Divers Logbook (D-log). - diving logbook pages of ship
wrecks & dive sites.

The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology

Maritime Museum of Finland - keeping a national computerised wreck register
with about 1200 wrecks

Minnesota's Historic Shipwrecks - Lake Superior and Inland Waters.

Northern Maritime Research's Northern Shipwrecks Database - documents four
centuries of North American wrecks through 65,000 records on CD-ROM.

Shipwreck Database - World Wide - Probably the largest fully relational
database on sunken, wrecked or missing ships in the world.

Sites along the Mediterranean Coastline


Underwater Shipwreck - State Parks and Historic Site

Wreck Web - Lake superior and Lake Michigan


History on the Seabed - Report from the Terredo Navalis (eats wood) free water in the Baltic sea.

The International Journal - of Nautical Archaeology.

The JASON Project - Year-round scientific expeditions providing educational materials and opportunities.

Maritime History on the Internet - A Guide.

The Maritime History Virtual Archives - This is it!

The Nautical Archaeology Society - is a voluntary organisation formed to further interest in our nautical heritage.

Network for Underwater Archaeology - institutions actively involved in research on the underwater archaeology on the island of Ireland.

Network for Underwater Archaeology Ireland Links - (NUA - the Irish word for new) is a network of institutions actively involved in research on the underwater archaeology on the island of Ireland.

Nordic Underwater Archaeology - (Concentrates on Baltic Sea shipwrecks)

Pere Izquierdo homepage - Some articles and unpublished works on archaeology, cultural heritage and roman navigation. Feturing: "Two bronze helmets of Etruscan typology coming from a Roman wreck found at the Les Sorres anchorage (Gavà-Viladecans, Catalonia) (1991)".

Professional Shipwreck Explorers Association - ProSEA, represents worldwide members specializing in salvage, archaeology and preservation of shipwrecks and underwater cultural heritage.

Rhode Island Marine Archaeology Project - has performed background research, collected historical information and conducted field work on the vessels beneath Rhode Island waters.

Sea Research - Society, founded in 1972, focuses on shipwreck research, underwater archaeology, 501-C3 non-profit educational research organization, has extensive research library on underwater archaeology.

Shipwreck Archaeology for Recreational Divers - New Course...­

Siracusa's ScubaDivers Club - Underwater Archaeology.

The Sub-Aqua Association - newsletter.

Team Atlantis - An Underwater Archaeological Research Team - traveling the world and filming a series of virtual expeditions featured live on the Internet!

The Trireme Trust - Studies of the the design, use, and capabilities of this historically important type of ship.

Under water Archaeology in Baden-Wurttemberg - (Germany) links.

Underwater Archaeology - Resources on the Internet.

Underwater Archaeology - a virtual tour.

Underwater Archaeology Project - Underwater and nautical archaeology programs and site reports, Brown University.

Urca de Lima Underwater Archaeological Preserve

WUAA - The Wisconsin Underwater Archeology Association.


Andaste - 1929 - Great Lakes Command records include files relating to the sinking of the passenger ferry CARIBOU in October 1942.

Aggi - 1894-1915 three-masted full rigged ship.

Al-ind-esk-a Sea - is a 324' fishing processor that caught fire during repairs in 1982 and sank approx a mile off of Port Gardner, Everett.

Angra98 - Azores islands, Portugal, 2 wrecks have been located in an area where a breakwater is going to be built.

Atocha shipwreck treasures atocha - This is comercial Maritime Achaeology. They sell coins from the wreck.

Benwood - Historic Shipwreck 1942.

California Shipwrecks - a dozen articles about California shipwrecks plus pictures of artifacts, underwater video, an online database of California wrecks, and a list of shipwreck links from the California State Lands Commission.

Cambridge Bay. - The Vancouver Maritime Museum conducted a series of dives to document the shipwreck Baymaud off Cambridge Bay. Baymaud sank in 1930 after a short but famous career in the Arctic.

CF Liljevalch - On August 14,1942 the Swedish merchant ship CF Liljevalch departed from the Swedish port Luleå heading for Germany loaded with 6000 tons of iron ore, vital to the German war machinery.

Comet - Historical Record 1886-1911 three masted coastal lumber schooner.

Cuba - 1897-1923 Cargo Passenger Liner.

Eastland Disaster Historical Society - Information, photos of artifacts, and more about the loss of over 800 lives in the wreck of the Eastland on July 24, 1915 on the Chicago River.

Emanuel Point Shipwreck - was discovered in 1992 by a team from the Florida Bureau of Archaeological Research during a survey of Pensacola Bay.

English East India Company Ships - wrecked, capured and lost, with details of officers and crew.

Excavation of HMS Fowey involving FSU - In 1978, a sport diver "discovered" what he thought was a Spanish treasure galleon in the waters of Biscayne National Park.

Foteviksbarrier - 4 of the wrecks date from the middle of year 1000 and 1 from year 1100.

Hurrican Marilyn - Boat List - 1995

The Fredricus Excavation - Bohuslän County Museum is excavating a frigate scuttled in Marstrand harbour in 1719.

The Gokstad Viking Ship - was discovered in 1880, buried in a huge mound of blue clay southwest of Oslo.

The Goldenhorn - 1883-1892 four masted bark, bulk cargo carrier.

Great Lakes Shipwrecks - Middle Island Mystery Schooner.

HMHS Britannic 98 Technical Diving Expedition - Some of the UK's leading technical divers have organised the only official expedition to the HMHS Britannic in 1998.

Hunley update - provides photographs and updates of the preservation process for the Confederate submarine, the Hunley, sunk in 1864.

Jönköping - A team of swedish divers have discovered a treasure in the Baltic Sea. It´s a wooden ship from 1881 which were sunk by a german submarine during WWI in 1916.

A joint archaeological shipwreck project - on the north coast of the Dominican Republic.

Jürgen Fritzen - (deep wreck near Stockholm).

Kravel Project - Southampton Archaeology - Centre for Maritime Archaeology.

La Salle Shipwreck Project - excavation and conservation of the Belle--one of the earliest and most important shipwrecks ever found in North America.

La Salle Shipwreck Project of the THC

The loss of the Douro 1882 - Seven of the ship’s crew, the Captain, four of the Senior Officers and the 1st and 2nd Engineer went down with the ship, which sank quickly within thirty minutes of the impact.The Yrurac Bat also sank rapidly, with heavy loss of life, bringing the death toll to 59.

Macquarie Shipwrecks - Announcing an educational website about Macquarie Island, its shipwrecks, sealers and scientists. Student challenges and a teachers Guide with background information will be provide

The Mary Rose - Built between 1509 and 1511, she was one of the first ships able to fire a broadside, and was a firm favorite of King Henry VIII.

Michigan Underwater - is a series of articles aboutshipwreck diving.

New Jersey SCUBA Diving - Internet Shipwreck Research Group.

NJ Shipwrecks - Adonis and the Rusland.

NOVA Online/Titanic's Lost Sister

Offical Jupiter Shipwreck Site - First person chronicles from the original principal investigator of the historic 17th century jupiter shipwreck expedition being recovered off a public beach in Jupiter, Florida Photos and manuscripts, treasure and more...

Oliver Cromwells Shipwreck - near Duart Castle, off the coast of Scotland.

Operation Phips - Archaeology Comes to the Rescue of a 17th-Century Shipwreck that belonged to Phips' fleet during his expeditions against New France in 1690.

Pandora - was the 24 gun frigate sent in search of the infamous Bounty mutineers in 1790.

Pere Izquierdo Archaeology - Some articles and unpublished works on archaeology, cultural heritage and roman navigation. Feturing: "Two bronze helmets of Etruscan typology coming from a Roman wreck found at the Les Sorres anchorage (Gavà-Viladecans, Catalonia) (1991)".

Queen Anne's Revenge - (North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources) ship thought to be the Queen Anne's Revenge, flagship of Blackbeard the pirate.

Queensland Shipwrecks

Reclaiming the Bounty - Australian divers locate the famous ship in shallow waters off Pitcairn Island.

Sadana Island Shipwreck Excavation 1996 - (Egypt)

Samson - the salvaging.

Scuba Diving Alger Underwater Preserve - an intact 1880 wooden schooner.

Shiplosses are Britain

Shipwrecks and Accidents around Britain

The Äskekärr viking - Swedish viking ship excavated.

Stinch's Shipwreck Data, Artifact Preservation, and Scuba Page - New England Shipwreck Data, Artifact Preservation, and Scuba Diving page. Detailed information of shipwrecks and the preservation of shipwreck artifacts.

The Shipwrecks of the North Shore - Great Lakes

The Swan, Duart Point Shipwreck - The Swan was sent by Oliver Cromwell in 1653 to destroy the Clan MacLean. Here's the archaeological site.

The Vrouw Maria - Date of Wreck: 1771 Route: Amsterdam, Netherlands to St. Petersburg, Russia Capacity/Weight: 150 tons Casualties: None

Winfield Scott - 1850-1853 side wheel passenger steamer.

Yassi Ada - 7th C. Shipwreck Excavation.

Yassi Ada - 4th C. Shipwreck Excavation.


Dave's Titanic Chat Room - Talk on-line with other people fascinated with the Titanic.

Edgar Park's Journal - Brief journal entry of an appentice aboard another ship during Titanic's sinking.

The Enchanted Titanic - Personal stories collated by the great great grand niece of the captain.

Encyclopedia Smithsonian on the Titanic - Factsheet on the White Star Line steamship RMS Titanic.

Encyclopedia Titanica - Passenger lists, biographies, archive film and detailed plans.

The Grave of the Titanic - Details co-ordinates of the sea floor site

Ghostship - The Titanic Project.

Historical Titanic Resource - Photographs and articles on the ship and the disaster.

In Memoriam: RMS Titanic - Personal site detailing Titanic's construction, myths, engines and related disasters.

Jay's Titanic - Personal site with articles and photographs of the doomed ship.

Life and Death of the RMS Titanic - Information on the passengers, crew, ship, sinking and the rediscovery.

Mary Jane's Titanic - Factual information surrounding the sinking of the RMS Titanic.

The Millvina Dean Story - Purchase the youngest Titanic survivor's life story.

Nic Wilson's Titanic, Olympic and Brittanic - Links and construction information for the three sister ships.

Online Titanic Museum - Artifacts recovered from the depths of Titanic's wreck site.

Posted Aboard the RMS Titanic - The Smithsonian National Postal Museum's exhibition about the rescue of mail sacks.

RMS Titanic - Outline of the events surrounding the Titanic from its construction to its discovery at the bottom of the ocean.

RMS Titanic, Inc - The only company with salvage rights on the wreck of the Titanic.

RMS Titanic UK - British site with information about the disaster and shopping pages.

RMS Titanic Web Ring - Listing of sites dedicated to the ship, the disaster and the 1997 movie.

Thomas Andrews - Builder of the Ship of Dreams - Personal site devoted to the designer of RMS Titanic.

Titanic - the Search for Answers - Personal site with articles on the investigation into the disaster.

Titanic: A Lost Voyage - Personal site with a timeline and photographs.

Titanic Historical Society - Established in 1963 to preserve Titanic history.

Titanic Instant Books - Images and information from contemporary books about the disaster.

The Titanic Resource - Personal site with articles on RMS Titanic and her sister ships.

Titanic's Lost Sister - The parallels between Titanic and Brittanic from PBS Online.

TQM - The Titanic Sinks - A short fill-in-the-blanks puzzle about the night to remember.

Tribute to the RMS Titanic - Multimedia site with witness accounts of the doomed ship.

The Unsinkable Titanic - Personal site with photographs and links.

The Wreck of RMS Titanic - Explore a detailed model and read technical notes on the sinking and the wreck.


Bronze Age Shipwreck Excavation at Cape Gelidonya

Phoenician Shipwreck

Victories of Phormio  429 B.C.


Florida State University Field School

Luna Ship Expedition Pictures

Tristan de Luna's lost ships in Pensacola Bay.


Courtesy of Hellenic Shipbroker's Association

The Flying Dutchman

Several hundred years ago, in the year 1729 to be exactly, there lived a Dutch sea captain of fearsome temperament. With his ship he sailed through the stormiest seas, and fared the hardest routes. One day however, despite all his efforts, a storm prevented him from rounding the steep cliffs of a headland. He swore to the Devil that he would never give in to Nature, and that he would sail on until he rounded the headland, even if it took him till Judgment Day.

The Devil took the Captain at his word and dammed him, that he must stay as captain of his ship, now a ghostship, sailing the seas, until Judgment Day should come. The Devil left him just one small hope. Only through the love of a woman could he be released.

So, the Flying Dutchman became the curse of the seas. Any ship that met him became a ship of ill fortune. No sailor would sail on her, any trader would refuse to deal in it's wares. In order to protect themselves against an encounter with the ghost ship, ships took to nailing horseshoes to their masts, which was said to bring luck, and prevent an unhappy meeting.

The Flying Dutchman    The Flying Dutchman     The Flying Dutchman



Mary Celeste: the brigantine set sail from New York harbor for Genoa, Italy, on Nov. 5. A British brigantine, the DeGratia, discovered the ship derelict on Dec. 5 and boarded her. Everyone aboard the Mary Celeste had vanished—her captain, his family, and its 14-man crew. The ship was in perfect order with ample supplies and there was no sign of violence or trouble. The fate of the crew remains unknown.

The Mary Celeste on Stamps

The Mary Celeste - The Real Story

The Mystery of the Mary Celeste

The Mystery of the Mary Celeste


Dec. 22, Köbenhavn: the five-masted Danish steel barque, a sail-training ship with a crew of 75 including 45 boy cadets, sailed from the River Plate for Melbourne, Australia, on Dec. 14. The last radio contact with the ship was made on Dec. 22 and all was well. The Köbenhavn and its crew disappeared without a trace and no one knows what happened to it.

HMS Eurydice

Animated Ghostship Art Page (looks pretty real)

Antilla - German (Dive opportunities)

Maritime Ghosts


Aircraft Carriers of the Future

Arsenal of Dictatorship a site about German weapons and materials in WW2.r

Battle of Midway - Grolier entry on the decisive naval battle of World War II.

Battle of Midway 1942 - in English and Spanish.

Battleships - German Plans -the building plans of Plan-Z.

Chili - A brief Naval History

Connecticut River Museum

Die grossen Schiffseinheiten der deutsche Kriegsmarine 1933-45  German site

Dutch Subs a good page that takes a look at the Dutch submarines of this century.

Fleet Tactics

Great Lakes Shipwreck Research Group - Discussion List

History And Archaeology Of the Ship - General Bibliographies

Interview: Ballard On Oldes Deep-Sea Wrecks

Liners Lost

Major Ships of the German Kriegsmarine

Marine Weather

Midway: Air War Over the Pacific

Narative of the Spanish Armada

Nihon Kaigun a look at the Imperial Japanese Fleet of WW2.

Nova Online - The Shipwreck

Oxford University Mare

Return to Midway - deep-sea explorer Robert Ballard, joined by a National Geographic team, seeks the lost ships of Midway.

 Ship Photos

Ships - Plastic Models and Photos

S.S. Sheaf Arrow

Technology Helps Find Lost Ships

The Battle of Midway - 1942

The Battle of the Atlantic

The Battleship Bismark Forum

The Battleship Page

The Bismark

The Buccaneers of America

The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492 - Present

The Kriegsmarine 1936 to 1945

The Lost Ships of Guadacanal - photos

The Mariner's Museum

The Naval Battle of Guadacanal

The Sargasso Sea

The Second Naval Battle at Guadacanal

The Solomon Islands

The Super Battleships that Never Were

The United States Naval and Shipbuilding Museum

The U.S.S. Monssen

Trans-Oceanic Research Project

U-boat Net - The U-boat War 1939-1945

Underwater Archaeology - General Bibliography

United State Naval and Shipbuilding Museum and U.S.S. Salem

Unterseebootwaffe a site about U-boats.  In depth information about the Torpedoes that the Germans used also.

U.S. Navy History - the US navy historical society.

U.S.S. Oakland Memorial

U.S.S. Quincy

Total War

Warship Anchor Page

World War 1 Naval Combat a look at the history of the World War I German Highseas Fleet.

Wreck Diving



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Inquiries for Canada should be addressed to: Reference and Researchers
Inquiries Division, Public Programs Branch, National Archives of Canada,
395 Wellington Street, OTTAWA, Ontario, K1A 0N3.   For researchers who
wish to visit the Archives, office hours are 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.,
Monday to Friday; however, our research facilties are open twenty-four
hours a day throughout the year, including all public holidays.
Lockers are available for the storage of archival documents, but
permission to use these facilities outside of regular office hours must be
obtained in person. 

Nevertheless, the lists are very useful and may be obtained free of charge
from the Canadian Coast Guard at the following address:

                    Aids and Waterways
                    Navigable Waters Protection Act Division
                    Canadian Coast Guard
                    Transport Canada
                    Canada Building
                    6th Floor
                    344 Slater Street
                    OTTAWA, Ontario
                    K1A 0N7

Also available at this address is the Canadian Coast Guard pamphlet Diving
on Shipwreck, recently published (1987) to inform the public, and the
diving community in particular, about the federal laws governing wreck
and the procedures to follow upon discovering wreck.

More details of Canadian researchers


      Judicial, Fiscal, and Social Branch
         Civil Archives Division
      National Archives
      WASHINGTON, D.C. 20408
      (Historical shipwreck sources at the National Archives of the United
      States, including Record Group 26, Records of the United States Coast
      Guard; Record Group 36, Records of the United States Customs Service;
      and Record Group 41, Records of the Bureau of Marine Inspection and

      Records and Publication Branch
      Merchant Vessels Documentation
      United States Coast Guard Headquarters
      21200 2nd Street South West
      Room 1312
      WASHINGTON, D.C. 20593

      The Public Record Office
      Ruskin Avenue
      Richmond, Surrey TW9 W9U
      United Kingdom

      (Historical records of the Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen,
      including ships' registration records and personnel records related 
      to marine service)

      The Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen
      Llantrisant Road
      Llandaff, Cardiff
      South Wales CF5 2YS
      United Kingdom

      (Current U.K. vessel documentation and personnel records)

      The Scottish Record Office
      HM General Register House
      Princes Street
      Edinburgh, Scotland EH1 3YY
      United Kingdom

      (Historical records of shipbuilding on the upper and lower Clyde,
      Ayrshire, and Forth and Tay estuaries)

      The Maritime History Group
      Department of History
      Memorial University of Newfoundland
      St. John's, Newfoundland
      A1C 5S7

      (Crew agreements for British Empire and Commonwealth, 1863-1938;
      registry data for various Atlantic Canadian ports)

      Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston
      55 Ontario Street
      KINGSTON, Ontario
      K7L 2Y2

      (Historical records of Great Lakes shipbuilding; registry data for 
      various Great Lakes Canadian ports)

      Institute for Great Lakes Research
      Bowling Green State University
      12764 Levis Parkway
      PERRYSBURG, Ohio 43551

      (Historical records of Great Lakes shipbuilding; registry data for 
      various Great Lakes American ports)                                                              May 7, 1994


                                 LOST SHIPS FOUND

A wooden vessel from the Revolutionary War believed to be commanded by Benedict Arnold

Gunboat commanded by Benedict Arnold found  Jun. 30, 197

FERRISBURGH, Vt. - A Revolutionary War gunboat that was part of a fleet commanded by 
Benedict Arnold before he turned traitor has been found sitting upright at the bottom of Lake 
Champlain, astonishingly well-preserved by the cold, deep water for the past 220 years. 

The wooden vessel, which was either abandoned or scuttled by retreating American forces 
after a losing 1776 battle against the British, was found by a team scanning the lake for wrecks
 before they become encrusted by a new invader, the tiny zebra mussel. 

The 54-foot vessel, whose name is not yet known, is largely intact, its mast still standing over 
50 feet high and its large bow cannon still in place, said Art Cohn, director of the Lake 
Champlain Maritime Museum. 

``This could prove to be the most significant maritime discovery in American history in the last 
half-century,'' said Philip Lundeberg, curator emeritus of naval history at the Smithsonian 
Institution's American History Museum. ``The apparently excellent condition of the gunboat is 
highly unusual for an artifact this old and is one of the reasons the discovery is so significant.''

No decision has been made yet on whether to raise the ship. Its exact location and depth in the 
115-mile-long lake between New York and Vermont were not released.

The lake's cold water, up to 409 feet deep, is credited with preserving a number of wrecks that 
have been found there in recent years.

Only four of the 15 boats commanded by Arnold survived the Battle of Valcour Island on the 
lake and its aftermath in October 1776. One other member of the fleet, the Philadelphia, was 
raised in 1935 and now sits in the Smithsonian in Washington.

Cohn, lake historian Peter Barranco and others were scanning a section of the lake in early 
June when a long-sought image appeared on the sonar screen.

There was a mast, intact but for a small piece broken off the top. There was a nearly two-ton 
bow gun. And it was a nearly exact copy of the Philadelphia.

Cohn said that when he went down on the first dive to the ship, ``there was a voice screaming 
in my head, `Oh my God, this is the gunboat! Benedict Arnold probably walked on this deck!'''

While the Philadelphia was damaged and sunk during the battle, this vessel apparently escaped.

It may have been hit during the engagement and then allowed to sink after the crew stopped 
bailing. Or the Americans may have punched a hole in it. The boat is sitting in mud, which 
obscures any possible damage to the hull.

Although the tiny fleet was defeated, it slowed the British advance from Canada. When the 
British finally made it to the Hudson Valley south of the lake the following spring, the 
Americans had been able to amass enough troops to win what many historians have called the 
decisive battles of the war.

Three years later, in 1780, newly married and strapped for cash to maintain an extravagant 
lifestyle, Arnold began providing information to the British and eventually joined British 
forces as a brigadier general.

This was the last of the 11 missing ships from Arnold's fleet to be found.

``There was never any doubt in my mind that it was out there,'' Barranco said. ``History had 
told us so.''

A team headed by Cohn has been using sonar to scan the depths of the lake for artifacts, 
including ships sunk in storms and battles in the 18th and 19th centuries. Their work has been 
lent new urgency by exploding populations of zebra mussels, a species that has wreaked havoc 
in North American waters since it arrived in the bilge water of European ships a decade ago.

Cohn said the strategy of the Lake Champlain Maritime Museum, founded in 1986, has been to 
leave wrecks in the cold preserving water. But the threat of zebra mussels may change that 

In the meantime, the team won't say exactly where the ship is.

``It should not become a thing for souvenir hunters,'' said Sen. Patrick Leahy, D-Vt. ``It should 
not become something that everybody goes down to take a piece of.''
Edmund Fitzgerald The S.S. Edmund Fitzgerald, in the early evening of November 10, 1975, disappeared during a heavy snow storm on Lake Superior. Her captain and crew of 28 men are still listed as "missing." Why wasn't there a distress signal? What could have happened so quickly?

The world was astonished by the loss of the Fitz. Seventeen miles from Whitefish Point,
Michigan, the 729-foot Edmund Fitzgerald vanished at sea amidst hurricane winds and a
magnificent storm. All twentynine crew  members and the eight-million-dollar ship were
st. Another ship was in radar contact only 10 miles behind. In moments, the ship vanished.

In 1994, an expedition to find her was successful. The ship was found laying on the bottom.

The Edmund Fitzgerald

Song: The Stairway of the Edmund Fitzgerald

A Tribute to the men of the Edmund Fitzgerald