first aurora of 2014


        TAKEN AT:   Abisko National Park in the Swedish Lapland

BY Peter Rosen


Dee Finney's blog

start date July 20, 2011

today's date January 1, 2014

updated daily

page 620




                                                                          OCTOBER, NOVEMBER, DECEMBER



Solar wind
speed: 344.1 km/sec

STRONG M-FLARE AND CME: Yesterday, Jan. 30th, big sunspot AR1967 unleashed a strong M6-class solar flare. The explosion sent a CME racing away from the blast site faster than 1400 km/s (3 million mph): movie. The cloud appears to have an Earth-directed component, and could deliver a glancing blow to our planet's magnetic field on Feb 1st. Aurora alerts: text, voice





Solar wind
speed: 392.6 km/sec

NCREASING CHANCE OF FLARES: Sunspot AR1967 has developed a 'beta-gamma-delta' magnetic field that harbors energy for strong eruptions. NOAA forecasters estimate a 60% chance of M-flares and a 10% chance of X-flares on Jan. 30th. Solar flare alerts: text, voice

LUNAR TRANSIT OF THE SUN: Today, Jan. 30th, the Moon will eclipse the sun for almost 2.5 hours. You have to be in space to see it. This extreme UV image from NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) shows the "lunar transit" underway now:

Before the eclipse is over at 1556 UTC (10:56 EST), as much as 90% of the sun will be covered. SDO is solar powered, so mission controllers have charged the spacecraft's batteries to endure the blackout. Stay tuned for more images!

10 fireballs reported


Solar wind
speed: 372.8 km/sec

LUNAR TRANSIT OF THE SUN: On Thursday, Jan. 30th, the Moon will eclipse the sun for almost 2.5 hours. You have to be in space to see it. NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory s set to record the "lunar transit," which begins at 1331 UTC or 8:31 EST. A simulation shows that approximately 90% of the sun will covered. SDO is solar powered, so mission controllers have charged-up the spacecraft's batteries to endure the blackout. Stay tuned for images during the eclipse!

SOLAR WIND SPARKS SPECTACULAR AURORAS: Earth is entering a stream of solar wind blowing almost 500 km/s or 1.1 million mph. First contact on Jan. 28th sparked tall curtains of light around the Arctic Circle. Harald Albrigtsen sends this picture of the display from Skulsfjord, Tromsø, Norway:


"At first there was little auroral activity, but being patient paid off," says Albrigtsen. He photographed the explosion of light using a Nikon D600 digital camera set at ISO 3200 iso for 3 seconds.

Arctic photographers, take note of those settings because more auroras are on the way. NOAA forecasters estimate a 25% to 40% chance of polar geomagnetic storms on Jan. 29-30 as Earth moves deeper into the solar wind stream. Aurora alerts: text, voice



Solar wind
speed: 405.0 km/sec

CHINESE MOON ROVER IN TROUBLE: China's moon rover, the Jade Rabbit, which made an historic landing in Sinus Iridum (the Bay of Rainbows) on Dec. 14th, is in trouble. Night is falling over the rover's landing site, and the rover should be going into hibernation to preserve power. China's space agency is reporting, however, that a "mechanical anomaly" may be interfering with the hibernation process. If so, the Jade Rabbit might not survive the extreme cold (-180 C) it is about to experience during two weeks of lunar night. Even if the rover fails, the mission is a success for China, which has joined the exclusive club of nations that have landed on the Moon.

OLD SUNSPOT RETURNS, SOLAR ACTIVTITY INCREASES: Crackling with solar flares, a large sunspot is emerging over the sun's southeastern limb. It appears to be AR1944, returning after a two-week trip around the farside of the sun. Earlier today, astronomer Karzaman Ahmad photographed the active region from the Langkawi National Observatory in Malasia:

According to tradition, sunspots that circle around the farside of the sun are re-numbered when they return. The new designation of AR1944 is AR1967. "Sunspot AR1967 is as big as Earth!" notes Ahmad.

Earlier this month, AR1944/AR1967 produced an X1-class solar flare and one of the strongest radiation storms of the current solar cycle. Is round 2 about to begin? Solar activity is definitely increasing as AR1967 comes around the bend. Earth orbiting satellites have detected at least five M-class solar flares since yesterday, including this one recorded on Jan. 28th (07:30 UT) by NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory:

More flares are in the offing. NOAA forecasters estimate a 5% chance of X-flaresand a 50% chance of M-flares during the next 24 hours. Solar flare alerts: text,voice

7 fireballs reported


Solar wind
speed: 331.9 km/sec

OLD SUNSPOT SET TO RETURN: The southeastern limb of the sun is crackling with C- and M-class solar flares. These explosions herald the return of old sunspot AR1944, which produced many strong flares earlier this month. For the past two weeks AR1944 has been transiting the farside of the sun. An uptick in solar activity is possible as it returns to the Earthside this week. Solar flare alerts: text, voice

Space balloon captured panoramic images of California's epic drought:

So much for the Golden State. The landscape of California is remarkably brown as the driest winter in more than a century unfolds. The drought is so bad that the city of Bishop, where the students go to school, looks like a settlement on the planet Mars: image.

"Up and down California, from Oregon to Mexico, it's dry as a bone," comments JPL climatologst Bill Patzert. "To make matters worse, the snowpack in the water-storing Sierras is less than 20% of normal for this time of the year."

Indeed, the towering Sierras, only sparsely covered by crusty month-old snow, lack their usual white reflectance in many of the group's edge of space photos. Not much water will be flowing from those peaks to urban areas when the snow melts in spring. Water rationing and wildfires are likely this summer.

11 fireballs reported


Solar wind
speed: 359.3 km/sec

10 fireballs reported

SLIGHT CHANCE OF FLARES: Northern sunspot AR1957 has a 'beta-gamma' magnetic field that harbors energy for M-class solar flares. The region's persistant quiet, however, suggests the odds of an eruption are low. NOAA forecasters estimate a 15% chance of M-flares on Jan. 26th. Solar flare alerts: text, voice


Solar wind
speed: 362.5 km/sec

Quiet sun this weekend

Approximately 12 million years ago, a white dwarf star in galaxy M82 exploded. A few days ago, light from the supernova finally reached Earth. Amateur astronomers can see it through backyard telescopes as a fireball of magnitude +11. Indeed, it is so bright that small telescopes can be used to study the spectrum of the blast. David Strange sends these data from Branscombe, East Devon, UK:

"I used a 9-inch Celestron telescope and a Star Analyzer 100 to record the supernova's colors," says Strange.

His data show a strong absorption line corresponding to ionized silicon. Silicon is one of the products of fusing carbon and oxygen, and a telltale sign that this is aType 1a supernova explosion. Type 1a supernovas are famous in part because they led to the discovery of Dark Energy in the universe. (And, yes, we know that "Dark Energy" is shorthand for "we don't know what's going on.")

Although it is 12 million light years away, M82 is considered to be a next-door neighbor of the Milky Way. Indeed, this is the nearest supernova to Earth since SN 1993J was observed 21 years ago. The relative proximity of the blast makes it an attractive target for astronomers to study. Light curves from previous Type 1a supernovas suggest that the fireball could continue to brighten for the next two weeks. If you have a GOTO telescope, this evening command it to slew to the "cigar galaxy" or "M82," and watch the explosion unfold.



Solar wind
speed: 375.1 km/sec

MOSTLY QUIET WITH A CHANCE OF FLARES: With no sunspots actively flaring, solar activity is low. However, sunspots AR1957 and AR1959 could break the quiet. Both regions have 'beta-gamma' magnetic fields that harbor energy for medium-sized eruptions. NOAA forecasters estimate a 15% chance of M-classflares on Jan. 24th. Solar flare alerts: text, voice



Solar wind
speed: 368.8 km/sec

CHANCE OF STORMS: NOAA forecasters estimate a 25% chance of polar geomagnetic storms on Jan. 23rd in response to a glancing blow from a CME. High-latitude sky watchers should be alert for midnight auroras. Aurora alerts: text, voice



Solar wind
speed: 446.2 km/sec

SUPERNOVA! Approximately 12 million years ago, a white dwarf star in the galaxyM82 exploded. This week, light from the distant supernova reached Earth. Amateur astronomers can easily see it through backyard telescopes as a fireball of magnitude +11.2, shown here in a photo taken by Leonard Ellul-Mercer on Jan. 22nd:

Although it is 12 million light years away, M82 is considered to be a next-door neighbor of the Milky Way. Indeed, this is the nearest supernova to Earth since SN 1993J exploded 21 years ago. The relative proximity of the blast makes it an attractive target for astronomers to study. Light curves from previous supernovas of this type suggest that the fireball could continue to brighten for the next two weeks.

If you have a GOTO telescope, this evening command it to slew to the "cigar galaxy" or "M82," and watch the explosion unfold.



Solar wind
speed: 463.6 km/sec

FASCINATING PHENOMENA OF JUPITER'S MOONS: On Jan. 5th, Earth passed directly between the sun and Jupiter. Astronomers call this an "opposition" because the sun and Jupiter were on opposite sides of the sky. "Jupiter's opposition is always an opportunity for beautiful pictures of moons transiting Jupiter, sometimes directly in front of their own shadows," says John H. Rogers, Jupiter Section Director of the British Astronomical Association. "Observers have produced some fine examples from the opposition earlier this month." Some of the best are collected here:

Transits around opposition are beautiful, but something even more rare and special is coming this fall. "In autumn, Jupiter's moons will begin a series of mutual eclipses and occultations," Rogers says. The satellites will criss-cross in the sky, dipping in and out of one another's shadows. Predictions by Jean Meeus have been posted by the British Astronomical Association Computing Section at these URLs. "The last time these mutual events occurred, in 2009, observers were able to produce the first high-resolution movies of moons eclipsing moons. No doubt some of you will be able to do even better this time around."

FALSE AURORAS: Lately, in communities around the Arctic Circle, people have been seeing colorful lights in the sky. Although they look like auroras, they are not. Alexander Kuznetsov photographed this apparition over Rovaniemi in the Finnish Lapland on Jan. 17th:

They're light pillars, caused by ice crystals in the air which intercept urban lights and spread them into colorful columns. No solar activity is required for the phenomenon. The only ingredients are ice and light pollution.

"The temperature was -27°C – perfect weather for these to occur," says Kuznetsov. "I have seen light pillars before, but never so many." Although the pillars were clearly visible to the unaided eye, he decided to use a 20 second exposure to create a dramatic trail of smoke from the foreground chimneys. The long exposure accentuated slight differences in the hue of city lights, creating a truly polychromatic image.



Solar wind
speed: 302.1 km/sec

13 fireballs reported


Solar wind
speed: 280.1 km/sec

QUIET SUNDAY: A phalanx of new sunspots rotating over the sun's southeastern limb was expected to boost solar activity this weekend. So far, however, the spots have not produced strong flares. Solar activity is low. Solar flare alerts: text, voice.

15 fireballs reported


Solar wind
speed: 321.8 km/sec

CHANCE OF STORMS: A minor CME expected to hit Earth's magnetic field on Jan. 17th is late, but NOAA forecasters still think it is coming. They estimate a 40% chance of polar geomagnetic storms on Jan. 18th in response to the tardy impact. High-latitude sky watchers should be alert for auroras. Aurora alerts: text, voice.

15 fireballs reported

SUNSPOT AROUND THE CORNER: A sunspot approaching from just behind the sun's southeastern limb is crackling with solar flares. The explosions are registering C2 to C8 on the Richter Scale of Flares even though they are partially eclipsed by the edge of the sun. In Athens, Greece, amateur astronomer Peter Desypris photographed the flying debris from one of the explosions:

sun 1-18-14

"Indeed, something big appears to be on the way," says Desypris.

The sun's rotation is slowly turning the active region toward Earth. During the weekend its core should emerge into plain view for a better evaluation of its flare-producing potential. Stay tuned for updates. Solar flare alerts: text, voice.


Solar wind
speed: 343.7 km/sec

CHANCE OF STORMS: NOAA forecasters estimate a 35% chance of polar geomagnetic storms on Jan. 17th when a minor CME is expected to hit Earth's magnetic field. High-latitude sky watchers should be alert for moonlit auroras.Aurora alerts: text, voice.

AURORA, BOOM! On Jan. 11th, Bjørn Hugo Hansen of Øverbygd, Norway, observed an explosive display of auroras--with sound effects. "The temperature was -27 C, and I was standing on the ice by our cabin. In the distance I could hear cracking sounds from the ice, a strange sound like a mix of whale bubbles hitting the ice and a small earthquake. This happens often. I believe it is stronger tonight, though, because of a big drop in temperature. Faint auroras were dancing quietly overhead when I spoke to myself -- 'Come on Aurora – give me all you got.' And BOOM! The sky exploded behind me." This is what he saw:

auroras 1-17-14

"Lady Aurora twisted around the sky, she threw her bridal veil all around," continues Hansen. "I was in ecstasy … and as if that was not enough,  the ice under me made a large DRUN! I had never heard the sound of the ice crack this close before, almost right under me. It was an enormous sound. A thin crack 5mm wide rushed across the lake. Then it became quiet and Aurora disappeared. AMAZING!"

6 fire balls reported

LIGHT PILLARS: Winter is unfolding around the northern hemisphere. As temperatures drop, pillars of light are springing up from ground. Janis Satrovskis of Valmiera, Latvia, photographed this specimen on Jan. 14th:

Light pillars are a common sight around northern cities in winter. Urban lights bounce off ice crystals in the air, producing tall luminous columns sometimes mistaken for auroras. Usually the ice crystals are natural, such as snow flakes, but in this case the atmospheric optics were artificial.

"The amazing phenomenon was created by snow blowing machines," explains Satrovskis. "These are our first days with temperatures below zero and ski resorts are making snow. A slight breeze carried manmade snow over the city, creating a spectacular view."

Light pillars are springing up in cold cities around the world. Is yours one of them? Browse the gallery for the latest sightings.


Solar wind
speed: 368.7 km/sec

6 fireballs reported


Solar wind
speed: 471.5 km/sec

COUNTDOWN TO PLUTO: NASA's New Horizons spacecraft is closing in on Pluto. Officials say the encounter begins less than a year from now. Although Pluto has been demoted from planethood by a small group of professional astronomers, it is still a sizable world, some 5000 miles around the equator with a system of moons and perhaps even rings. New Horizons is heading for one of the most excitingplanetary flybys of the Space Age. Get the full story and a video from Science@NASA.


Full Moons vary in size and brightness because of the oval shape of the Moon's orbit. The Moon follows an elliptical path around Earth with one side ("apogee") about 50,000 km farther than the other ("perigee"). Big full Moons on the perigee side of the Moon's orbit are sometimes called "Supermoons." That would make tonight's full Moon an "anti-Supermoon"--or perhaps, "kryptonite."

12 fireballs yesterday


Solar wind
speed: 616.7 km/sec

DECREASING CHANCE OF FLARES: NOAA forecasters have downgraded the chance of X-flares on Jan. 14th to 15% as giant sunspot AR1944 rotates off the solar disk. The odds on Jan. 15th are even lower: 1%. A quiet spell appears to be in the offing. Solar flare alerts: text, voice.

12 fireballs yesterday


Solar wind
speed: 668.9 km/sec
density: 1.1 protons/cm

FAST SOLAR WIND: Blowing with gusts as fast as 800 km/s (1.8 million mph), a stream of solar wind is buffeting Earth's magnetic field. Because the density of the stream is so low, it is not causing strong geomagnetic storms. Nevertheless, some bright auroras have appeared around the Arctic Circle:

Only 5 fireballs today.


Solar wind
speed: 681.8 km/sec

SOLAR WIND: Earth is entering a fast stream of solar wind that could spark auroras at high latitudes. NOAA forecasters estimate a 45% chance of geomagnetic storms on Jan. 12th. Aurora alerts: text, voice.

11 fireballs today.


CHANCE OF FLARES: NOAA forecasters estimate a 35% chance of X-class solar flares on Jan. 11th, most likely from AR1944. The brooding sunspot has been quiet for days, but still poses a threat for strong eruptions. Solar flare alerts: text, voice.

sunspots 1-11-14

photo  1-11-14

VENUS AT INFERIOR CONJUNCTION: Today, Jan. 11th, Venus is at inferior conjunction. That means it is passing almost directly between Earth and the sun. With its nightside facing Earth (almost perfectly), Venus looks like an incredibly slender crescent. 

Taking extreme care not to point any unfiltered optics at the sun, I started to look for Venus through my 11-inch Celestron telescope," says Teodorescu. "The thin but very large crescent suddenly appeared into the field of view. It was surreal to watch the boiling atmospheric arc of the planet just above the sun in plain day. My wife immortalized the moment by taking a panoramic view from our clear-sky location."

Observing Venus through a telescope can be dangerous. Even a quick inadvertent glimpse of magnified light from the nearby sun can cause serious eye damage. Anthony J. Cook of the Griffith Observatory has some advice for observers: "I have observed Venus at conjunction, but only from within the shadow of a building, or by adding a mask to the front end of the telescope to fully shadow the optics from direct sunlight. This is tricky with a refractor or a catadioptric, because the optics start at the front end of the tube. Here at Griffith Observatory, I rotate the telescope dome to make sure the lens of the telescope is shaded from direct sunlight, even through it means that the lens will be partially blocked when aimed at Venus. With our Newtonian telescope, I add a curved cardboard mask at the front end of the tube to shadow the primary mirror."

Around the world, many people are applying these techniques to photograph Venus as it passes by the sun. Browse the gallery to see their amazing results:

Realtime Venus Photo Gallery

fireballs today - 14


GROWING QUIET? Giant sunspot AR1944 has not unleashed a significant flare in more than 48 hours. The growing quiet could be the calm between storms. AR1944 has an unstable 'beta-gamma-delta' magnetic field that harbors energy for X-classflares. Solar flare alerts: text, voice.

CME IMPACT: As predicted, a CME hit Earth's magnetic field on Jan. 9th (20:00 UT). The impact was weaker than expected, however, and it failed to produce widespread geomagnetic storms. Nevertheless, some beautiful auroras appeared around the Arctic Circle. Harald Albrigtsen sends this picture from Tromsø, Norway:

It was dark in Norway when the CME arrived, so observers there witnessed a nice display. By the time night fell over North America, however, the lights had faded. US observers saw nothing remarkable.

More auroras are possible on Jan. 10th as Earth passes through the magnetic wake of the CME. NOAA forecasters estimate a 85% chance of polar geomagnetic storms before the day is over. Aurora alerts: text, voice.

The network reported 11 fireballs on 1-9-14

Realtime Aurora Photo Gallery



STORM WARNING: NOAA forecasters estimate a 90% chance of geomagnetic storms on Jan. 9th when a CME is expected to hit Earth's magnetic field. The speed of the solar wind around Earth could spike to 700 km/s (1.6 million mph) shortly after the impact, sharply compressing Earth's magnetosphere. High-latitude sky watchers should be alert for auroras. Aurora alerts: text, voice.

HUGE SUNSPOT, CHANCE OF FLARES: The source of the incoming CME is AR1944, one of the largest sunspots of the current solar cycle. The active region sprawls across more than 200,000 km of solar terrain and contains dozens of dark cores. The largest could swallow Earth three times over. AR1944 is circled in this Jan. 9th snapshot from NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory:


STORMY SPACE WEATHER: Giant sunspot AR1944 is directly facing Earth and crackling with solar flares. Yesterday, Jan. 7th, an X1-class explosion in the sunspot's magnetic canopy hurled a CME in our direction. High-latitude sky watchers shoud be alert for auroras on Jan. 9th when the cloud is expected to arrive. NOAA forecasters estimate a 60% chance of polar geomagnetic storms.Aurora alerts: text, voice.

The X-flare that hurled a CME toward Earth also accelerated a swarm of high-energy protons in our direction. Effects of the proton fusillade are visible in this Jan. 7th coronagraph movie from the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO):


wondering why Venus looks so big.

The "snow" in this movie is caused by solar protons striking the spacecraft's CCD camera. A veritable blizzard of speckles develops as the CME emerges into full view. Indeed, many of the protons are accelerated by shock waves at the forefront of the expanding cloud.

This ongoing radiation storm ranks S2 on NOAA storm scales. It is rich in "hard" protons with more than 100 MeV of energy, which accounts for the snowiness of the SOHO coronagraph images. According to NOAA, "passengers and crew in high-flying aircraft at high latitudes may be exposed to elevated radiation risk" during such a storm.

The source of all this activity is AR1944, one of the biggest sunspots of the past decade. The sprawling active region is more than 200,000 km wide and contains dozens of dark cores. Its primary core, all by itself, is large enough to swallow Earth three times over. To set the scale of the behemoth, Karzaman Ahmad inserted a picture of Earth in the corner of this picture he took on Jan. 7th from the Langkawi National Observatory in Malaysia:

More flares are in the offing. The sunspot has an unstable 'beta-gamma-delta' magnetic field that is likely to erupt again today. NOAA forecasters estimate an 80% chance of M-class flares and a 50% chance of X-flares on Jan. 8th. Solar flare alerts: text, voice.

On Jan. 8th, 2014, the network reported 20 fireballs.

On Jan. 7, 2014, the network reported 30 fireballs.
(29 sporadics, 1 Quadrantid)

ROCKET LAUNCH FOILED BY SOLAR ACTIVITY: Orbital Sciences Corp. scrubbed today's launch of their Antares supply rocket to the International Space Station in response to an ongoing solar radiation storm, described below. A launch at 1:10 p.m. EST Thursday is possible if the storm subsides.

Antares/Cygnus Update

Orbital Targeting Thursday Launch
January 8, 2014 - 6:18 PM EST

Orbital Sciences has confirmed it will proceed with a 1:07 p.m. EST launch attempt of the Orbital-1 cargo resupply mission to the International Space Station (ISS) on Thursday, Jan. 9, pending closeout of all remaining pre-launch reviews and tests. Orbital conducted a comprehensive review of data related to the radiation environment in space, further reviews and modeling of the rocket’s avionics systems, and the forecast for favorable terrestrial weather conditions at NASA's Wallops Flight Facility in Wallops Island, Va. Upon a deeper examination of the current space weather environment, Orbital’s engineering team, in consultation with NASA, has determined that the risk to launch success is within acceptable limits established at the outset of the Antares program. NASA Television coverage of launch will begin at 12:45 p.m. EST. A post-launch news conference would follow at approximately 2:30 p.m. A Thursday launch would result in the Cygnus spacecraft arriving at the ISS on early Sunday, Jan. 12. NASA TV coverage of rendezvous and berthing will begin at 5 a.m. EST for a 6:02 a.m. capture. Coverage of installation of Cygnus will begin at 7:00 a.m. EST. For the latest information on briefing and coverage times, follow www.nasa.gov/station and the NASA TV schedule at www.nasa.gov/ntvnews.


update - STRONG SOLAR ACTIVITY:  One of the largest sunspots in years, AR1944, has turned toward  Earth and it is crackling with strong flares.  So far on Jan. 7th, the active region has produced M7- and X1-class eruptions, and more appear to be in the offing.  As this alert is being issued, analysts are waiting for more data from solar observatories to clarify the possibility of CME impacts and geomagnetic storms in the days ahead. 

CHANCE OF STORMS: NOAA forecasters estimate a 70% chance of polar geomagnetic storms on Jan. 7th when a CME is expected to deliver a glancing blow to Earth's magnetic field. The CME was hurled in our direction by an M4-classexplosion from giant sunspot AR1944 on Jan. 4th. High latitude sky watchers should be alert for auroras. Aurora alerts: text, voice.


HUGE SUNSPOT TARGETS EARTH: One of the biggest sunspots in years is crossing the center of the solar disk, putting Earth in the way of potential eruptions. Rocky Raybell photographed the active region named "AR1944" yesterday from his backyard in Keller, Washington:

The sprawling sunspot contains dozens of dark cores, the largest big enough to swallow Earth three times over. This makes it an easy target for amateur solar telescopes. Raybell used a backyard 'scope capped with a Baader solar filer to capture both the sunspot and trees in the foreground. Photo details may be found here.

Although AR1944 has been mostly quiet for days, flares are in the offing. The sunspot has an unstable 'beta-gamma-delta' magnetic field that could erupt at any time. NOAA forecasters estimate a 75% chance of M-class flares and a 30% chance of X-flares oon Jan. 7th.


INCOMING CME:/span> A CME is heading toward Earth. The incoming cloud (movie) was hurled into space by an M4-class explosion from sunspot AR1944 on Jan. 4th and is expected to deliver a glancing blow to our planet's magnetic field on Jan. 7th. Minor to moderate geomagnetic storms are possible when the CME arrives. Aurora alerts: text, voice.

RADIATION STORM IN PROGRESS: Energetic solar protons are streaming past Earth today, triggering an S1-class solar radiation storm. They were propelled toward us by an explosion in the magnetic canopy of old sunspot AR1936. The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory recorded the blast:

 FLARES LIKELY TODAY: Giant sunspot AR1944 has developed a 'beta-gamma-delta' magnetic field that harbors energy for potent Earth-directed eruptions. NOAA forecasters estimate a 75% chance of M-class flares and a 30% chance of X-flares on Jan. 5th. Solar flare alerts: text, voice.

CME, POSSIBLY INCOMING: A coronal mass ejection (CME) might be heading for Earth. The cloud blasted away from the sun during the late hours of Jan 4th following a long-duration M4-class solar flare from big sunspot AR1944. SOHO (the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory) recorded the explosion:

CME  1-6-14

The snowy speckles dancing around the image are caused by energetic protons striking the coronagraph's digital camera. They are a sign that a radiation storm is underway.

Although this radiation storm is classified as S1, that is, minor, it is fairly rich in high energy particles that can temporarily "snow" (degrade the performance of) space-based cameras. NOAA forecasters expect the storm to continue for another day or so. Stay tuned for updates. Solar flare alerts: text, voice.

Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery

GIANT SUNSPOT TURNS TOWARD EARTH: Watch this movie. One of the largest sunspots in years is turning toward Earth: AR1944 has a 'beta-gamma-delta' magnetic field that harbors energy for potent eruptions. NOAA forecasters estimate a 75% chance of M-class flares and a 30% chance of X-flares on Jan. 6th. Any flares today will almost certainly be geoeffective.

"Sunspot AR1944 was visible without using a solar telescope," reports Eddie Irizarry of Rincon, Puerto Rico, who took this picture at the end of the day on Jan. 5th. "Proper filters and extreme care should be taken when photographing the sun," he adds. "Unfiltered sunlight magnified by optics can cause serious eye damage."

Astronomers who have a safe solar telescope are encouraged to take a closer look. "AR1944 has to be the most awesome sunspot ever," says Sergio Castillo of Inglewood, CA. "I cannot stop photographing it." Here is his latest image from Jan. 5th:

Castillo used a telescope capped with a "Calcium K" filter. Calcium K filters, which are sensitive to the blue glow of calcium ions in the sun's lower atmosphere, highlight the bright magnetic froth that often forms around a sunspot's dark cores. AR1944 is very frothy indeed.

Magnetic froth does not necessarily herald an explosion, but it does guarantee a photogenic sunspot.


There are no large coronal holes on the Earthside of the sun. Credit: SDO/AIA

There were 7 fireballs reported on 1-6-14



cme 1-5-14

The mixture of CMEs complicates analysis of this event. Stay tuned for updates. Geomagnetic storm alerts: text, voice.

The assymetric CME could deliver a glancing blow to Earth's magnetic field in two or three days, possibly sparking polar geomagnetic storms. NOAA analysts are still processing the CME imagery for a more precise forecast.

Watch the movie again. There might be two CMEs in there. After the first cloud from sunspot AR1944 emerged, a second cloud was propelled off the sun's western limb by departing sunspot AR1936.

On Jan. 4, 2014, the network reported 35 fireballs.
(19 sporadics, 14 Quadrantids, 1 lambda Bootid, 1 December Leonis Minorid)


1-4-14  SUNSPOT  SUN  1-4-14

Growing sunspot AR1944 has a 'beta-gamma' magnetic field that harbors energy for M-class solar flares. Credit: SDO/HMI

 Sunspot AR1944, which appeared on January 1st, is one of the largest sunspots of the current solar cycle. It's so big, people are noticing it as a naked-eye blemish on the solar disk.  Although the sunspot has been relatively quiet and stable since it first appeared on New Year's Day, a region of this size has the potential to produce significant activity. Indeed, NOAA forecasters, who say they are keeping a close eye on this behemoth, estimate a 75% chance of M-flares and a 30% chance of X-flares on Jan. 4th. Solar flare alerts: text, voice.

On Jan. 3, 2014, the network reported 27 fireballs.
(14 sporadics, 13 Quadrantids)

ORBITS 1-4-14

In this diagram of the inner solar system, all of the fireball orbits intersect at a single point--Earth. The orbits are color-coded by velocity, from slow (red) to fast (blue). [Larger image] [movies]



Mere days after the start of the new year, skywatchers in the Northern Hemisphere will be treated to the first meteor shower of 2014.

Set to peak on Friday, Jan. 3, the Quadrantid meteor shower will offer a brief period of steady shooting stars. Observers in Europe and Asia will likely have the best view when the shower peaks at 7:30 p.m. UT, since skies there will be dark at that time.

For viewers on the East Coast of the U.S., the meteor shower will peak at 2:30 p.m. Friday, so the best time to watch may be the hours between midnight and dawn on Jan. 3. However, meteors may still be visible for U.S. viewers Friday night.

"The Quadrantids begin and end in a short period, so finding the time when you can see them can be a fickle thing," astronomer Ben Burress of California's Chabot Space & Science Center told National Geographic. "Make sure to find a safe, dark place away from city lights [that] is clear of trees and buildings, and most of all stay warm and be patient."

The Quadrantid meteor shower, named after an extinct constellation, is one of the lesser known annual meteor showers. NASA estimates that the "Quads" will offerabout 80 meteors per hour during the period of peak activity.

Both the Slooh Space Camera and NASA will provide a live broadcast of the Quadrantid meteor shower online. Slooh's program (in the video above) is set to launch on Friday afternoon, while the U.S. space agency will begin its coverage of theannual meteor shower on UStream as early as 7 p.m. ET on Thursday.

1-3-2014  SMALL ASTEROID HITS EARTH: Newly-discovered asteroid 2014 AA hit Earth's atmosphere on Jan. 2nd. The space rock, about the size of a small car, disintegrated over the Atlantic Ocean about 3,000 km east of Caracas, Venezuela. Infrasound records interpreted by Peter Brown of the University of Western Ontario suggest an impact energy between 500 and 1,000 tons of TNT. That's a lot of dynamite; nevertheless, in cosmic terms this was a relatively minor impact that did no damage to our planet.


Small Asteroid 2014 AA Hits Earth

Discovered on New Year's Eve by a telescope in Arizona, a small asteroid struck Earth somewhere over the Atlantic Ocean — apparently unnoticed — about 25 hours later.

It was New Year's Eve, but that didn't stop observer Richard Kowalski from scanning the sky for near-Earth objects (NEOs). He hadn't been using the 60-inch telescope on Arizona's Mount Lemmon for long when he noticed a 19th-magnitude blip skimming through northern Orion in a seven-image series begun at 5:16 p.m. (1:16 Universal Time on January 1st). After confirming that it was a new find, Kowalski dutifully submitted positions and times to the IAU's Minor Planet Center. Then he went back to the night's observing run.

Impact possibilities for 2014 AA
This plot shows the range of possible locations where the small asteroid 2014 AA struck Earth's atmosphere early on January 2, 2014.
Bill Gray / Project Pluto
Thus did the Mount Lemmon reflector, part of the Catalina Sky Survey, discover 2014 AA, the first asteroid found this year. But at the time neither Kowalski nor anyone else realized that the little intruder was only 300,000 miles (500,000 km) from Earth and closing fast.

As announced by the MPC earlier today, it's "virtually certain" that 2014 AA hit Earth. According to calculations by dynamicist Stephen Chesley (Jet Propulsion Labo­ra­tory), the impact occurred over the Atlantic Ocean somewhere between Central America to East Africa. Chesley's "best-fit" collision is just off the coast of West Africa at roughly 2:30 Universal Time this morning.

More precision has come from an analysis of infrasound data by Peter Brown (University of Western Ontario). Infrasound is extremely low-frequency acoustic energy (20 hertz or less) created, for example, during energetic explosions. A global network of detectors, maintained by the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization, can pinpoint the location and energy of any powerful detonation — including airbursts from meteoric blasts.

Pinpointing 2014 AA's impact
The overlap of the white curves, from three marginal infrasound detections, shows where the small asteroid 2014 AA likely hit. However, this preliminary plot does not take winds into account, which might shift the true impact point somewhat further east.
Peter Brown
According to Brown, 2014 AA triggered very weak detections at three infrasound stations. His triangulation from those records, shown in the graphic at right, indicates that the space rock slammed into the atmosphere near 40° west, 12° north. That location, about 1,900 miles (3,000 km) east of Caracas, Venezuela, is far from any landmass. 

"The energy is very hard to estimate with much accuracy — the signals are all weak and buried in noise," Brown explains. And yet, he adds, we're lucky that the event happened just after local midnight, when winds are calmest. "Had this occurred in
the middle of the day I doubt we would see any signals at all," he says.

Brown's rough guess is that the impact energy was equivalent to the explosive power of 500 to 1,000 tons of TNT — which, though powerful in human terms, implies the object was no bigger than a small car. "It was no Chelyabinsk," he says.

So 2014 AA was too small to reach the ground intact. But it must have created one heck of a fireball! The skies over the Atlantic were relatively clear last night. Alas, a search of ship- and plane-tracking websites turned up no vessels in that area — it seems that no one was positioned to witness 2014 AA's demise.

"I'm not aware of any visual sightings," says William Cooke of NASA's Meteoroid Environment Office in Huntsville, Alabama. "Looks like it was too far away from human eyes."

The impact occurred a little after 3h UT, Brown says. That's only about 22 hours after Kowalski's initial report to the MPC, and it's giving me déjà vu all over again. It's been just five years since another small asteroid called 2008 TC3 struck Earth over Sudan just 19 hours after its discovery by the same telescope. 

The difference between these events is that astronomers had nearly a day of advance warning regarding the 2008 impact. Telescopes worldwide amassed hundreds of observations before the object slammed into the atmosphere, and eventually many fragments were recovered.

Orbit of asteroid 2014 AA
Based on images taken in the hours before its impact, asteroid 2014 AA averaged 110 million miles (175 million km) from the Sun in a low-inclination orbit that crossed paths with Mars and Earth. It was only a matter of time before it encountered our planet. Click on the image for an interactive version.
JPL Horizons
There was no heads-up alert this time. "I'm kicking myself for not having spotted this," admits amateur NEO sleuth Bill Gray (Project Pluto). Most mornings Gray downloads "and yes, for me, it was holiday-related."

Most mornings, he downloads the circumstances for recent discoveries and computes "what ifs" for potential impactors and near-misses. "However, on New Year's Day, I'd made arrangements to go with my family to visit my sister, go for a walk, stop off for a doughnut, shovel snow, etc., etc." He didn't realize an impact was imminent until last night — only a couple of hours before the impact.

Let's cut Gray some slack and instead give him, Chesley, and Gareth Williams at the MPC a collective pat on the back. All three were able to conclude — based on just seven images taken within 3 minutes — not only that 2014 AA was going to strike Earth, but also roughly where and when. Mad props for that impressive number-crunching!



1-2-14   The sun's magnetic field has fully reversed its polarity, marking the midpoint of Solar Cycle 24, which will be completed in 11 years time 

The sun has "flipped upside down", with its north and south poles reversed to reach the midpoint of Solar Cycle 24, Nasa has said. 

Now, the magnetic fields will once again started moving in opposite directions to begin the completion of the 22 year long process which will culminate in the poles switching once again. 

"A reversal of the sun's magnetic field is, literally, a big event," said Nasa's Dr. Tony Phillips. 

"The domain of the sun's magnetic influence (also known as the 'heliosphere') extends billions of kilometers beyond Pluto. Changes to the field's  polarity ripple all the way out to the Voyager probes, on the doorstep of interstellar space." 


1-1-14  SOLAR ACTIVITY: The New Year began with a burst of solar activity.  Active sunspot AR1936 is crackling with strong M-class solar flares, including an M9.9 event on Jan. 1st that stopped just short of becoming a powerful X-flare. Also on New Year's Day, another large sunspot emerged over the sun's eastern limb: AR1944 appears set to add its own contribution to the fusillade of explosions.

QUICKTIME VIEW OF EXPLOSION:  http://www.spaceweather.com/images2014/01jan14/m9.mov?PHPSESSID=2cdimvik3smhooe3dt4sjbl0g0

1-1-14 sun

Because of foreshortening near the sun's limb, the complexity of AR1944's magnetic field is still unknown. The sheer size of the sunspot, however, suggests it is capable of strong flares. The emergence of AR1944 combined with the ongoing activity from AR1936 has prompted NOAA forecasters to raise the odds of eruptions on Jan. 2nd to 70% for M-flares and 30% for X-flares.


[Larger image] [movies]

Realtime Venus Photo Gallery

COMING SOON--THE FIRST AURORAS OF 2014: Magnetic fields in the sun's northern hemisphere have opened up, creating a vast hole in the sun's atmosphere--a coronal hole. NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory is monitoring the UV-dark gap:

Coronal holes are places where magnetic fields threading through the sun's atmosphere spread apart and allow solar wind to escape. A stream of solar wind flowing from this particular coronal hole could reach Earth on Jan. 2-3, possibly sparking polar geomagnetic storms. The first auroras of 2014 are in the offing. Solar flare alerts: text, voice.


Realtime Space Weather Photo Gallery

Realtime Aurora Photo Gallery

Realtime Comet Photo Gallery

All Sky Fireball Network

Every night, a network of NASA all-sky cameras scans the skies above the United States for meteoritic fireballs. Automated software maintained by NASA's Meteoroid Environment Office calculates their orbits, velocity, penetration depth in Earth's atmosphere and many other characteristics. Daily results are presented here on Spaceweather.com.

On Dec. 27, 2013, the network reported 16 fireballs.
(13 sporadics, 2 December Leonis Minorids, 1 December Hydrid)

In this diagram of the inner solar system, all of the fireball orbits intersect at a single point--Earth. The orbits are color-coded by velocity, from slow (red) to fast (blue). [Larger image] [movies]

On Dec. 26, 2013, the network reported 24 fireballs.
(21 sporadics, 3 December Leonis Minorids)

In this diagram of the inner solar system, all of the fireball orbits intersect at a single point--Earth. The orbits are color-coded by velocity, from slow (red) to fast (blue). [Larger image] [movies]

Near Earth Asteroids
Potentially Hazardous Asteroids (PHAs) are space rocks larger than approximately 100m that can come closer to Earth than 0.05 AU. None of the known PHAs is on a collision course with our planet, although astronomers are finding new ones all the time.
On December 31, 2013 there were 1448 potentially hazardous asteroids.
Recent & Upcoming Earth-asteroid encounters:
Miss Distance
2011 YD29
Dec 28
6.1 LD
24 m
2013 YL2
Jan 3
3.6 LD
102 m
2007 SJ
Jan 21
18.9 LD
1.9 km
2012 BX34
Jan 28
9.6 LD
13 m
2006 DP14
Feb 10
6.2 LD
730 m
2000 EM26
Feb 18
8.8 LD
195 m
2000 EE14
Mar 6
64.6 LD
1.8 km

Notes: LD means "Lunar Distance." 1 LD = 384,401 km, the distance between Earth and the Moon. 1 LD also equals 0.00256 AU. MAG is the visual magnitude of the asteroid on the date of closest approach.




First labelled 2004 MN4, the 400m-wide asteroid was in 2005 given the more interesting name of 99942 Apophis after an Egyptian snake-god (or an alien character from Stargate SG-1, depending on who you believe). It continues to be observed for an expected close passing in 2029 instead of 2036.


Whew! Huge Asteroid Apophis Won't Hit Earth in 2036

y Tariq Malik, SPACE.com Managing Editor   |   January 10, 2013 04:40pm ET

NASA Maps Dangerous Asteroids That May Threaten Earth (Photos


by Tariq Malik, Managing Editor    |   August 14, 2013 
potential asteroids

This NASA graphic shows the orbits of all the known Potentially Hazardous Asteroids (PHAs), numbering over 1,400 as of early 2013. Shown here is a close-up of the orbits overlaid on the orbits of Earth and other inner planets.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

If you've seen films like "Armageddon," you know the potential threat asteroids can be for Earth. To meet that threat, NASA has built a map like no other: a plot of every dangerous asteroid that could potentially endanger our planet … at least the ones we know about.

NASA released the new map of "potentially hazardous asteroids" on Aug. 2 in a post to its online Planetary Photojournal overseen by the agency's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. The map shows the orbital paths of more than 1,400 asteroids known creep too close to Earth for comfort. None of the asteroids mapped pose an impact threat to Earth within the next 100 years, agency officials said.

"These are the asteroids considered hazardous because they are fairly large (at least 460 feet or 140 meters in size), and because they follow orbits that pass close to the Earth's orbit (within 4.7 million miles or 7.5 million kilometers)," NASA officials explained in the image description. [See photos of potentially dangerous asteroids seen by NASA]









The Sentinel Mission team is a collaboration of the world’s leading space scientists who, above all, listen to the data. Answering the asteroid challenge requires a complex and perfect scientific solution, and we have the right team to meet that challenge. We’re proud to say that our team continues to grow with some of the best minds that have ever designed, launched and managed numerous space missions.

NOVA’s Asteroids: Doomsday or Payday? B612 Foundation’s Ed Lu and Rusty Schweickart, and Sentinel Program Manager John Troelzsch give in-depth insights into the asteroid challenge and how we can solve it with Sentinel.



Fragile_oasis_2-2 (1)

The Sentinel Space Telescope in orbit around the sun. Image courtesy of Ball Aerospace.

The Sentinel Mission will provide a unique opportunity for the public to take ownership in a historic space mission that will protect Earth, while providing the necessary roadmap for future exploration.

Sentinel is a space-based infrared (IR) survey mission to discover and catalog 90 percent of the asteroids larger than 140 meters in Earth’s region of the solar system. The mission should also discover a significant number of smaller asteroids down to a diameter of 30 meters. Sentinel will be launched into a Venus-like orbit around the sun, which significantly improves the efficiency of asteroid discovery during its 6.5 year mission.

“The B612 Sentinel mission extends the emerging commercial spaceflight industry into deep space – a first that will pave the way for many other ventures. Mapping the presence of 1000′s of near earth objects will create a new scientific database and greatly enhance our stewardship of the planet.”

Dr. Scott Hubbard

B612 Foundation Program Architect

The spacecraft and instrument use high-heritage flight proven deep space systems, originally developed by NASA, to minimize technical and programmatic risks. These heritage missions include large space-based telescopes (Spitzer, Kepler), a large format camera made up of many individual detectors (Kepler), and a cryogenically cooled instrument (Spitzer). By detective and tracking nearly all of the Near Earth Objects greater than 50 meters in diameter, Sentinel will create a map of the solar system in Earth’s neighborhood enabling future robotic and manned exploration. The Sentinel data will also identify objects that are potentially hazardous to humans to provide an early warning to protect the Earth from impact.


- Most capable NEO detection system in operation

- 200 deg anti-sun Field of Regard, with a 2×5.5 deg Field of View at any point in time: scans 165 square degrees per hour looking for moving objects

- Precise pointing accuracy to sub-pixel resolution for imaging revisit, using the detector fine steering capability

- Designed for highly autonomous, reliable operation requiring only weekly ground contact

- Designed for 6.5 years of surveying operations. Actively cooled to 40K using a Ball Aerospace two-stage, closed-cycle Stirling-cycle cryocooler

- Ability to follow-up on objects of interest


- Provides highly specialized design specifically optimized for NEO detection and discovery

- NEO detection efficiency increased using IR-detector (5 to 10.4 microns). Venus-like orbit

- Provides an astrometric accuracy of 0.2-arcseconds for any detected NEOs (typical); NEO orbits determined in as few as two detections, with multiple visits to each region of the sky.

- On board detection processing reduces data downlink volume, minimizes contact requirements

- Provides a targeted follow-up observation capability, enabling time-critical revisit of high-priority targets

- Heritage draws lineage from great observatories and pioneering scientific missions: Kepler, Spitzer, Deep Impact


da 14

Cosmic Shooting Gallery

We are literally living in a cosmic shooting gallery. In 1980, Luis and Walter Alvarez proposed the seminal occurrence that caused the end of the Cretaceous period was the result of a large asteroid hitting Earth. After much debate within the scientific community the clinching event that brought acceptance to this claim was the 1990 discovery of the Chicxulub crater, located near Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula. It is now generally accepted that the asteroid, about 12 km in diameter, created the global disaster which wiped out the dinosaurs, in addition to 75% of the planet’s species.

And Earth isn’t the only planet in the neighborhood to have documented cosmic collisions. In 1994, four years after the Chicxulub crater discovery, the world’s telescopes witnessed the Shoemaker-Levy comet* colliding with the planet Jupiter. As a result of these discoveries, more scientific thought has been dedicated to considering the historic and future implications NEOs have on our planet.

Just a Matter of Time

What these impact events provide is convincing evidence that being hit by another “big one” is simply a matter of time. How large is a “big one?” What is the average frequency of impact? Why haven’t we seen one in our lifetimes? Questions like these form much of the foundational work the scientific community has been exploring for the past 15 years. One key data point is the 1908 Tunguska event, when a stony asteroid, about 40 meters in diameter entered the atmosphere over Siberia and exploded over a remote and unpopulated region. Recent work has determined that the explosion was equivalent to a 10 megaton bomb. Had the impact occurred in a more populated region of the planet, say New York or London, millions of people would have been killed without any warning.

In recent years the scientific community has dedicated a significant amount of resources to detecting NEOs. The Spaceguard Survey was established and congressional hearings were held in 1993,1998 and 2005. Most of the detection and discovery of these cosmic objects is performed by several survey systems in the United States, as well as the work of dedicated professional and amateur astronomers alike. The Minor Planet Center serves as the primary clearinghouse for all NEO discovery and tracking. These efforts have permitted NASA to have now reached their goal of detection of 90% of the NEOs larger than 1 kilometer in diameter. Unfortunately, these ground-based surveys have greater difficulty in detecting smaller NEOs and have only observed about 1% of the Tunguska-sized ones.

Making Our Own History

While the effort in detecting and tracking NEOs has grown significantly in recent years, the bottom line is we have not yet done a thorough inventory of the NEO population and have not examined the orbits of  the vast majority of the objects that could impact the Earth in the future. Such a survey is difficult to conduct from Earth-based observatories because of sky brightness, weather and other complications. The Sentinel mission is being built by the B612 Foundation to take advantage of the power of an infrared space telescope to find over 90% of the objects such as the one that caused the Tunguska event. The orbits of these objects will be accurately determined so that we can identify whether any of them might present an impact threat in the next 100 years, and give us enough time to prepare and implement missions to deflect such a NEO and prevent disaster.

*The co-discoverer of this comet is Carolyn Shoemaker, who we proudly count as one of our strategic advisors.

Pictured above: 2013 DA14 and Chelyabinsk Meteor relative size. Art by Michael Carroll.






start date July 20, 2012
today's date August 6, 2012
updated  2-15-13
updated 2-16-13

page 265


GOOD-BYE 2012 DA14: Asteroid 2012 DA14 few past Earth on Feb. 15th inside the orbit of many geosynchronous satellites. At closest approach, around 2:25 pm EST, the 45-meter wide space rock was only 17,200 miles above Indonesia. No satellites were damaged by the flyby, and the asteroid is now receding from Earth.

Using a 3" refractor at the Siding Spring Observatory in Australia, Aaron Kingery captured this image of 2012 DA14 passing in front of the eta Carina Nebula:

NASA's Goldstone radar in the Mojave Desert will ping the space rock for the next four days to refine its orbit and map its surface features. Researchers will look carefully for signs that Earth's gravity might have caused seismic activity on the asteroid.

Earth and Beyond

The near earth asteroid 2012 DA14 discovered last year is not going to hit Earth next year, scientists say. Phew. And yet, it will still be coming in way too close for comfort (17,000 miles away--closer than many orbiting satellites), and may hit us the next time around, in 2020, or on another orbit in the more distant future.

This threat, which would have the impact of a thermonuclear bomb, ought to sufficiently scare us into contemplating several courses of action:

1. Watch the skies

Imagine if 2012 DA14 had been on course to hit us. We would have been caught with our pants down. There was insufficient time to build a spaceship capable of colliding with the asteroid to destroy it or bump it off course, a project that experts say would have taken two years. We need a better early warning system to detect the next gloomy discovery and give ourselves a fighting chance. Right now, when we detect an asteroid with a telescope we learn its position, but it is harder, and takes longer, to nail down its orbit. That is still the case with 2012 DA14, which astronomers are keeping a close eye on.

2. Invest in technology to stop an asteroid

There are many different ideas about how to stop an asteroid, which range from destroying it (with a nuclear device, for instance) to changing its course. The latter action would require hitting it with a kinetic interceptor or using a bit of "solar powered orbital mechanics" that involves painting (yes, painting) the asteroid white to change the ratio between reflected and absorbed radiation. We could also strap a rocket to the space rock to steer it away from us or "tow" it away with a "gravitational tractor." Others have suggested solar sails, "giant mirrors that fly through space via the force of sunlight reflecting off them."

While some of these ideas may seem far-fetched, at the very least we ought to give the best ideas their day in court right now, as we will only get to do this experiment once.

In the worst-case scenario, we would need to be prepared for the event of an asteroid making impact, in which case we would need to figure out ways to move large populations and possibly develop a fair lottery system for what would be much coveted space in the bunker. Some people, of course, may choose to accept our fate, if not embrace it, when the doomsday event draws near. On the other hand, experts such asStephen Hawking have suggested that we need to be prepared to abandon Earth altogether, which would require the construction of a space colony.

Watch Stephen Hawking in this

this oblique view, the path of near-Earth asteroid 2012 DA14 is seen passing close to Earth on Feb. 15, 2013.

  • Asteroid 2012 DA14 will pass very close to Earth in 2013 | ...


    Mar 8, 2012 ... A near-Earth asteroid – called 2012 DA14 by astronomers – will pass very close to Earth on February 15, 2013. Astronomers estimate that ...

  • Asteroid 2012 DA14 Won't Kill Us (Yet), But Ought to Scare Us ...


    Mar 7, 2012 ... The near earth asteroid 2012 DA14 discovered last year is not going to hit Earth next year, scientists say. Phew. And yet, it will still be coming in ...

    • Asteroid 2012 DA14 will NOT hit Earth next year says ...


      Apr 2, 2012 ... A 150-foot asteroid orbiting Earth called 2012 DA14 will pass so close to Earth it will fly UNDER man-

      Huge asteroid hurtling towards Earth will fly past our planet so close it will go UNDER many man-made satellites 

      UPDATED:05:32 EST, 2 April 2012

      'Huge asteroid to hurtle past Earth next year - so close it will fly UNDER many man-made satellites \n', 'url': 'http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2110396/Asteroid-2012-DA14-NOT-hit-Earth-year-says-astronomer.html', 'eTwitterStatus': 'Asteroid%202012%20DA14%20will%20NOT%20hit%20Earth%20next%20year%20says%20astronomer%20http:\/\/bit.ly\/woj2gY%20via%20@MailOnline' });

    1.2em;">A 150-foot asteroid orbiting Earth called 2012 DA14 will pass so close to Earth it will fly UNDER man-made satellites orbiting our planet.

    ">Nasa's Impact Risk report said that the odds of the space rock actually hitting our planet are very low indeed - but on February 15 next year it will pass just 17,000 miles from Earth, closer than 'geostationary' satellites. 

    If an asteroid of that size hit our planet, it would cause an explosion similar to a nuclear blast.
    Astronomer Phil Plait has said we have nothing to fear from 2012 DA14... for now" class="blkBorder" height="461" pxz:uid="-6321be06-1" src="http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2012/03/05/article-2110396-0D781E8400000578-312_468x461.jpg" width="468" />

    No danger: U.S astronomer Phil Plait has said we have nothing to fear from 2012 DA14... for now

    Nasa's latest scan for 'impact event' threats used the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, or WISE and took two infrared scans of the entire celestial sky between January 2010 and February 2011.

    The scan aimed to find asteroids and comets 'near Earth' - ie within 120 million miles.

    The scan found there are 20,500 asteroids and comets that could destroy a city-sized area within 120 million miles of earth - previously the figure was thought to be 36,000.

    Nasa says the risk of impact is less than previously thought. The likelihood of a 'planet-killer' - the mountain-sized asteroids in the 'large-sized' range, above 3,300ft - appears to have fallen more significantly.

    There are only 981 of these objects near Earth, and Nasa has found 911 of them.

    Two astronomers from the the Observatorio Astronómico de La Sagra in Spain spotted 2012 DA14 in late February and its orbit has been calculated to be very similar to Earth’s.

    Some reports suggested that on February 15 next year an impact was a possibility, but U.S astronomer Phil Plait, the creator of the Bad Astronomy blog, has ruled out an impact.

    He wrote: ‘Asteroid 2012 DA14 is almost certainly not going to hit Earth next February. And by “almost certainly”, I mean it. The odds of an impact are so low they are essentially zero. This does not rule out an impact at some future date, but for now we’re safe.’

    The space rock will come within 17,000 miles of Earth, which is closer than some of our satellites, but Plait says this is nothing to worry about.

    He adds: ‘Seventeen thousand miles is well beneath many of our own orbiting satellites. To the best of my knowledge, this is the closest pass of a decent-sized asteroid ever seen before the actual pass itself. However, let’s again be very clear - it will miss. In astronomical terms, 17,000 miles is pretty close, but in real human terms it’s a clean miss.’

    After next year, 2012 DA14’s closest brush with Earth will come in 2020, but Plait said that even then the odds of an impact will be less than the chance of being hit by lightning in your lifetime – 1 in 100,000.

    Last night a space rock caused panic across the UK, with police forces inundates with calls after spotting it in the sky and mistaking it for a burning aircraft.

    Police forces across the UK were inundated with calls last night after a large fireball, thought to be a meteor, was spotted in the sky.

    Reports of a 'bright light' and an 'orange glow' were received by police across Scotland and the north of England at about 9.40pm yesterday.

    The Met Office tweeted: 'Hi all, for anyone seeing something in the night sky, we believe it was a meteorite.'

    The Kielder Observatory also reported the sighting of a 'huge fireball' travelling from north to south over Northumberland.

    The Observatory posted on Twitter: 'Of 30 years observing the sky, fireball best thing I have ever seen period.'

    A spectacular shot of the meteor taken by amateur astronomer Graeme Whipps in northern Scotland

    A spectacular shot of the meteor taken by amateur astronomer Graeme Whipps in northern Scotland

    made satellites orbiting our planet.

  • A brief bit about asteroid 2012 DA14 | Bad Astronomy | ...


    Mar 19, 2012 ... Astronomy | 2012 DA14 | Asteroid 2012 DA14 is a rock about 40 meters (130 feet ) across that passed very close to Earth last month, and will ...

  • No, asteroid 2012 DA14 will not hit us next year | ...


    Mar 4, 2012 ... For the tl;dr crowd, let's get this out of the way right away: asteroid 2012 DA14 is almost certainly not going to hit the Earth next February. And by ...

    [ More results from blogs.discovermagazine.com ]

    • 2012 DA14 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


      2012 DA14 is a near earth asteroid with an estimated diameter of about 45 meters and an estimated mass of about 130000 metric tons. It was discovered on ...

    • Asteroid 2012 DA14 Won't Hit Earth, NASA Says, But Don't Rule ...


      May 23, 2012 ... Space scientists at NASA have an eye on asteroid 2012 DA14. Why? The 45- meter-wide space rock is expected to come extremely close to ...

    • Asteroid 2012 DA14 definitely won't hit Earth. So why are ...


      Mar 8, 2012 ... Asteroid 2012 DA14 is scheduled to whiz past our planet with a comfortable 17000 miles of clearance. So why all the gloom and doom?

    • Mid-size asteroid won't hit Earth in 2013: NASA - Technology - ...


      Mar 6, 2012 ... Image: Projected path of near-Earth asteroid 2012 DA14. NASA/JPL ...Asteroid2012 DA14" and "Tunguska-Sized Aste

      Answers for 'asteroid 2012 da 14' - Featured Result


      Web Results



      NASA to Chronicle Close Earth Flyby of Asteroid

      PASADENA, Calif. -- NASA Television will provide commentary starting at 2 p.m. EST (11 a.m. PST) on Friday, Feb. 15, during the close, but safe, flyby of a small near-Earth asteroid named 2012 DA14. NASA places a high priority on tracking asteroids and protecting our home planet from them. This flyby will provide a unique opportunity for researchers to study a near-Earth object up close. 
      < br>The half-hour broadcast from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, Calif., will incorporate real-time animation to show the location of the asteroid in relation to Earth, along with live or near real-time views of the asteroid from observatories in Australia, weather permitting. 

      At the time of its closest approach to Earth at approximately 2:25 p.m. EST (11:25 a.m. PST/ 19:25 UTC), the asteroid will be about 17,150 miles (27,600 kilometers) above Earth's surface. 

      The commentary will be available via NASA TV and streamed live online at:



      http://ww w.ustream.tv/nasajpl2





      Dee Finney's blog

      start date July 20, 2012

      today's date October 21, 2012

      update 1-7-2013


      page 345




      THIS CAME VIA E-MAIL ON 1-7-2013


      The Lord has been giving many people warnings about an asteroid hitting the Atlantic Ocean. Prophet Linda Newkirk has received many revelations in recent days which indicate this event is just days away. I have done my best to string together most of the prophetic warnings I could find. Those familar with the book of Revelation know the Great Tribulation begins with a major earthquake and a 'burning mountain' being cast into the sea, see Rev Chapt 8.


      There are so many warnings now out there that it is not a matter of if, but a matter of when. Be prepared to act quickly, traffic will jam, have fuel, food, clothes and blankets in your car. All coasts facing the Atlantic Ocean can expect severe damage and loss of life. If it happens during the day you may get a few hours warning, at night you may not. From what some have seen you may hear a loud noise or bang in the heavens, or you may actually see strange manifestations of light and thunder high in the heavens, associated with events you will read about further on.

      Bill Larkin had an open vision this past May where he saw a wall of water 300 feet high hitting the east coast of the USA and traveling many miles inland. He also saw that parts of the east coast broke off and became submerged. There was some few hours warning, he saw mayhem and gridlock on the freeways as people were trying to get out of harms way, I repeat, he saw this travel a long ways inland destroying everything in it's path, it was not just an ocean front event. Bill saw that Florida was wiped out.

      Pastor Augusto Perez had an open vision last January where he knew he was in the Virginia Maryland area. Augusto saw that the people become aware of something happening out to see, he looked out and saw something strange taking place in the water and was then suddenly taken up and out over the ocean where he saw a very large and a very deep hole in the sea. Augusto was able to see down to the sand of the sea bottom and he saw that the water was churning ferociously and he knew it was very ominous. He was then taken back to the shore and placed back on the ground where he began to feel the fear welling up within the people as they became terrified and started running all over the place. He was then taken to higher location where He was able to observe the water come over the land causing great devastation.

      Fall of 2005 (John Johnson, United States Prophecy)

      I went into a deep sleep and had a dream I was on the boardwalk in Virginia Beach. It was night time and I think it was about 2:00 am. I put my foot up on the railing and was looking out over the ocean. There was what looked like a full moon on the horizon. I noticed just underneath the moon was a giant black wall on the horizon. The moon was reflecting white caps off the wall. As I stood there looking out into the Atlantic Ocean I realized that the white caps are from a massive tidal wave heading to shore. It was about 300 foot high. I felt the realization that it was too late to warn the people and the dream ended.

      In the fall of the following year, 2006 I had the same dream again. In January 2008, I had the same dream except this time I started running to peoples houses to wake them up and warn them, but it was too late.

      (The following hit Steve Quayle’s site on Dec 12, 2012)

      Hi Steve,

      My name is Mari. I wanted to share with you a dream I had last night. I dreamt there was what I thought was a ghost in my house, I was battling with it (I was afraid) trying hard to cast it out in Jesus name, it wouldn’t go at some point I stopped struggling with him long enough for him to ask me “Why do you cast me out in the name of whom I come?” It was not a ghost, but an angel.

      All I could do was listen and a peace filled me and he said “I bring for you a message.” And he pulled out a scroll. As he unrolled it I saw a picture of a horse. The horse was in a running stance, determined. (The white horse in Rev. I believe) under his picture was words written in Hebrew I could not read.

      He unrolled the scroll further and there was the first trumpet and under it words written in Hebrew. Again he unrolled the scroll further and I saw a second horse. It was angry, reared up on his hind leg punch the air with his front hooves (the second seal, the second horse, the fiery red one) and under him were words written in Hebrew.

      One more time he unrolled the scroll and I saw a picture of a second trumpet and under it words written in Hebrew. I looked up I could not speak but the question in me asked what is this and the answer came to my heart in unspoken words “It is where we are at; it is NOW!” when I awoke The Lord lead me to Rev chapter 5 and I read from there through the trumpets and understood what I had dreamt. M.

      (I do not know who the person is that received the following dream, or the date)


      In my dream I heard someone yell, “Gabriel is blowing the trumpet!” and then after this, I saw a huge meteor or asteroid (not sure what the difference is between meteor and asteroid) coming down to an ocean (it was flying from the right side)…it looks like the Atlantic ocean with tall buildings and skyscrapers…it looks like it could be New York (but that’s just my opinion). I saw the deep impact of the meteor hitting the ocean. Then there was a great earthquake and then I saw graves/coffins popping up everywhere. I ask the people around me, “Is this the rapture?” and I woke up.

      (I am only posting excerpts of Kato’s visions, please note that Wormwood is the third trumpet, not the second trumpet, Wormwood will come later and it may hit the Pacific)


      The Wormwood Star Visions Given To Kato Mivule June 27, 2005

      As I was seeking the Lord through prayer and fasting through this past May 2005, The Lord showed me a powerful vision. I was taken to the heavens above the earth and I could see the earth in a distance not so far but clearly. Suddenly I heard a very loud sound and vibration with a very heavy zoom sound coming my way, hundred times louder than that of a Boeing 747 Jet.

      I then saw a very huge rock almost the size of the moon zooming past me at a very high speed with a large tail of fire besides and behind it. In The vision I was made to feel the waves of vibrations and the heat it generated that hit me but I was protected. It was like someone was holding me by my collar and snatched me out of its way to a safe distance. I then could see other splintering rocks falling of this huge burning object and catching fire themselves.

      I looked where it was headed, I knew it was headed for planet earth and thought well, I hope it lands in the ocean, not many people will die. However, it seemed targeted to the ocean and the United States. I was like, no Lord no! However, it kept its course targeting the ocean and the United States, it seemed as though someone was controlling its path unhindered and sure to hit its target. The vision ended. I shared the vision with a Prayer Warrior Sister who then told me I had a vision of Rev 8:10-11.

      (Note by Mark, she was wrong, he was seeing Rev 8;8 not Rev 8;10 You will see from the following vision he received that there are two different events and Kato mistakenly calls the first object Wormwood)


      Angels High Tech Room… (Kato)

      I was then taken to a room where I saw men around some very high tech gadgets with screens that looked more like flat screen computer panels…but this was very high tech, technology I have never seen before…I knew the men were angels, they were all dressed in white robes and they turned on one flat screen panel and showed me the trajectory of the Wormwood star, then I was shocked to look and behind Wormwood was another star following the same trajectory, just few distance behind Worm Wood and again headed for the Ocean and the United States…they all seemed to have the United States in their path…

      At Chiefs Football Stadium…(Kato) (Do not pay attention to the fall timing of the event Kato saw, the Lord has spoke often of delaying events)

      I was taken to the Chiefs Football Arrowhead Stadium, here in Kansas City. I knew it was fall and the beginning of the Football Season. In the Vision it looked like evening and the stadium was parked to capacity with everyone putting on their red Chiefs outfits, the stadium was all red as it is normally here with Chiefs games in Kansas City.

      The game was going on as usual and suddenly there was a very huge loud bang in the sky…and then a huge object I had seen previously in my May vision lit the sky with red fire and zoomed passed across the sky…with very power vibrations that threw everyone off their sits and shook the stadium…

      Everyone in the stadium begun to scream and go hysterical, and run too and fro but could not leave the stadium. The huge ball of fire flew from the east across to the west. I knew it was Wormwood. The Stadium officials seemed to have had a clue about the coming disaster but did not warn anyone and also they locked the stadium doors and no one could go out.

      I then saw something amazing, people begun to fall on their knees and pray to God, they knew they were going to die anytime soon. I even saw young toddlers who had come to the game with their parents praying too.

      I was then taken back to the blockbuster place and people saw the object and heard the band and vibrations but seemed not to care about it, some said, “ I will die watching a movie”…

      Debris more destructive than 2004 Dec Tsunami… (Kato)

      After this, I was shown the debris and damage floating all the way on the Atlantic ocean like the force of the moving star caused the debris of destroyed buildings to float all the way from Europe and dumped it at the east coast of America with more excessive damage…I remembered the Tsunami, it looked like very small compared to the Wormwood damage… (Mark note, once again Kato erroneously calls the object Wormwood)


      The following dream was recently sent into Steve Quayle….


      October 15th 2012 , My dream started with me visiting people at their homes, during the night time I notice noise was outside, so I walked outside and it was a night sky with stars , that where very clear to see, then all of a sudden I saw these Angelic beings by the thousands of thousands flying through the sky but yet they were close enough to see. So in amazement I shouted towards them “ARE YOU ANGELS”.. they would not answer me, then as I was watching I heard this Loud noise as of a Huge explosion in the heavens as of Thunder and out of that noise came Hundreds of meteorites that came from the Sky, and before they landed and hit the earth they were coming down as Fire balls of rock.. and exploded on the earth causing great and terrible damage to the earths surface, People where running around trying to find places to hide but really there wasn’t much room or places for them to hide.. massive quakes started as they hit and massive explosions of fire came as a result from them hitting. Then I woke up.

      (Mark note, the man asked if they were angels and received no reply, it may be that they are wedding guests or first fruits, going to, or coming back from the wedding of Matthew 22)

      Linda Newkirk prophecy May 31, 2012


      But, I tell you now that the foundations of the earth shall be shaken! The earth shall rock! It shall be moved exceedingly. The heavens shall be moved! Back and forth, they will go! The deeps of the earth and the deeps of the oceans shall sigh! They shall move! The stars will be moved! Yes, moved exceedingly!

      And, eyes, which can see, will see My hand in all things! For, in the heavens come lights and bodies, which did not previously exist! A dread is upon the planets; for there comes a great upsurge in My power, a great tearing, a great splitting in the heavens! In the cosmos, bitter signs! Two suns! Now, three lights! All foreboding of a terrible upheaval in the earth! A splitting and a cracking! Terrible cracking in the earth! Waves so high! Terrible waves, with some thinking that the waves are as high as the sky!

      Oh, so dreadful are the days, which are upon the whole earth; and My hand is outstretched still. What is your choice, oh you wayward ones? Will you love money until death? Will you love the world and what is in it until your death?

      Will you remain a slave to the flesh? Will you continue to worship the flesh and all of its earthly pleasures?

      I tell you that there comes a snap, a very great snap, like a lightening snap and this snap of light will beat earth! It will burn the earth! It will burn it and will cut deeply into the earth.

      A fury! Yes, a fury in the earth! And, the power will blink and fail! Oh, what a tale to tell! A blinking! A dread! So terrible, indeed; for those in the world would not heed My word! They would not listen! They would not obey Me! And, in the dark, they will ponder their choices!

      Oh, so great shall be the calamities and the lawlessness, and the violence and the gang warfare! Every man for himself! Every wicked deed, no longer in secret, but open and revealed!” (end excerpt)

      To see some amazing photos of these lights that our Saviour speaks of visit markbrander.blog.com

      Linda Newkirk prophecy January 2006 (Space Rock hits Atlantic Ocean)


      Collision in the Spirit


      I heard a very loud noise in the spirit realm and when I looked I saw a very dark wall. This wall was so close that I could almost touch it if I reached out to do so. When I asked our Saviour what I was seeing, He told me that this great collision is the collision of great darkness, which is upon the whole world. I asked Him what He meant by this and He told me great wars, spread of terrible diseases, famines, great upheavals in the Earth and great loss of life will come out of this great collision of darkness!

      The Flaming Rock


      I looked out in space and I saw a very large rock, which is now headed toward the Earth. It is a monster! Then, I looked in the Spirit and saw this great flaming rock again and it was soaring through the atmosphere! It fell in the Atlantic Ocean and appeared to fall just south, to southeast of Bermuda. At that moment, I knew that when this great rock falls, it will cause tidal waves, which will inundate Florida and may very well cause the great flooding, which I have seen in Arkansas.

      For about two months, during this past summer, as I travelled the country roads of Faulkner County Arkansas, I repeatedly saw water in the valleys over the tops of the houses and well up the trees. This was a shocking sight; and I knew that this could not be far off! I do not know when this giant space rock will hit, but I do not believe that it is far off. I am left wondering if the militaries of the world will hit this rock with weapons and blow it apart, with pieces of it falling in different parts of the world. The rock in space appeared bigger than what I saw falling into the Atlantic, but still this rock, which I saw falling into the Atlantic, is very large!

      Will the falling of this rock set off the New Madrid Fault and possibly others as well! When this rock struck the ocean, I saw the Earth open up and crack in the above vision! (end of Linda’s post)

      As I was writing this post today Linda called me and informed me that she had just heard from the Lord. The Lord confirmed to Linda that He was indeed finishing up preparations for the wedding and that the wedding is very imminent.


      Jesus also confirmed there is going to be an enormous explosion of light in the heavens and that it is going to tear up many things and cause a lot of damage in the earth.


      (Linda received the following info on Aug 26th 2001 it can be found in Book 7, chapter 7)


      "Father, how long?"

      "When the sea implodes with the 'burning star,' that is when."

      "Is this when I shall take your word into China?"

      "This is when you will pass through the open door. Now, proceed."

      (The Lord has been showing for weeks now that, 'that door' is now open!)

      (The following was given to Linda back in 2002. Caution, this does not necessarily confirm a date for the space rock, it appears to be about the Sun and the power coming into the Manchild. It is plausible however that this solar event may cause a gravitional effect on other objects, such as space rocks.),

      excerpts from Book 8 Chapter 16 Prophecies Org

      “My Child, you have come to Me this morning asking for understanding of certain calamities, which are coming into the Earth.”

      “Yes, my Father and I asked you if you would also make these revelations known to Your people.”

      “Yes, My Child, you asked about the date of 2012 and the ancient knowledge of December 21st and 22nd of this year as the ‘end of Earth.’”

      “Yes, my Father, I have wondered about this for some time and whether this date is more occult mumbo-jumbo. But, the more I learn of it, the more I read of it, the more I wonder if it is significant.”

      “My Child, over and over I have told you that all is not set in stone; but that much depends upon the actions of mankind on this planet.”

      “Yes, my Father, You have said these things.”

      “Over and over, I have pleaded with you to repent; for through repentance you can change both the timing and the severity of the tide of these events.

      “So, My Child, as I showed you, energy from this central sun is traveling into this system via the very large door within the heart of the sun and it is accelerating what already is there, and darkness will be accelerated toward destruction, and light accelerated toward its source. Understand?”

      “Yes, my Father.”

      “Now, as I have shown you, at some point in time, a final wave will rush through the very heart of this sun. You have seen the date as it has been written millennia ago, … December 21st and 22nd, 2012.”

      “Yes, my Father, and my question has been, ‘Is this so?’”

      “And, My answer to you is this. If mankind continues in the same destructive course without serious repentance, this will come to pass.”

      (Mark Brander note, the Lord has told Linda in recent weeks that this event has been delayed by some days and weeks, it is indeed imminent)

      Excerpt from ‘Heavenly Waterwheel’ vision given to Susan O’Marra Feb 2012, This vision is related to certain events in Revelation 8 and also Revelation 12, being quite familar with Linda Newkirk and the story of Revelation 12, I assure these events are extremely imminent)


      (Susan’s lengthy ‘heavenly waterwheel’ vision is a very mysterious and is hard to understand unless you are aware of the story of Revelation 12 and the truths about the Holy ‘Manchild’. Though not even understood by O’Marra herself, the waterwheel and the fiery cloud coming together in the vision represents the Manchild coming into his great power and glory which is the Kingdom of God coming into the earth (Rev 12). The vision also clearly links certain events in Revelation 8 to the timing of the wedding in heaven and the judgement associated with the blowing of the second trumpet and the space rock of Rev 8; 8)

      Here are some excerpts…


      Suddenly the cloud became still. The tempest grew silent, the voices ceased. I also stopped moving. The wheel was still in the cloud, but nothing was happening now. The wind stopped blowing. The air was still thick and heavy with moisture. There was silence everywhere. It was almost eerie. My hair began to stand up on my arms and neck. It was awesome as I waited to see what would happen. Something was happening in heaven. I could feel the anticipation of heaven itself. I waited with my heart pounding. All of a sudden I heard the sound of a door opening somewhere. I could hear the door moving as it opened in it’s casing. There was an inrush of air as if the door hadn’t been opened for awhile.

      (Linda saw this door in a vision last night (mid December) and she also saw the Lord preparing to open the door)


      Suddenly I was in a room in heaven. I saw many angels busy moving about gathering various things from the tables and cabinets in the room. The room was brilliant and the tables and cabinets gleamed. The angels were very serious, and concentrated on their task. I saw that one angel has a flask and it looked like it has fire burning within it. Another angel had a blue bottle and it looked like water in that one. Another angel has a long tube-like container and it was filled with a golden liquid, which I then knew was oil. Next to that angel stood a smaller angel and this one has a bowl and in it was blood. All 4 angels were carefully holding their containers and moving towards the door with them. I watched them curiously. I wondered where they were going with them.

      Rev 8; 5 And the angel took the censer, and filled it with fire of the altar, and cast it into the earth: and there were voices, and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake.


      “Come and see.” I turned, and an angel stood there smiling at me. I followed him as he went before me through the door out into a large open area. There were multitudes of angels, and saints, and beings and they were all gathering here to participate in something. I didn’t see the Lord, but I could feel him. The angel stopped and turned and waved his arm towards the group who stood with their various vessels. I then saw another angel then come and he held a very large bowl and he came up to the group of angels and he held his bowl out towards them and one by one, each angel poured their container into this large bowl the angel held. The containers all mixed in the bowl and when it did, the result was astounding. The bowl literally exploded. Great ripples seemed to break out through the atmosphere itself. I thought that heaven would be split open by it’s intensity. The bowl shook and flames leaped out as if to engulf anyone near it. But the angel holding the bowl was calm and only smiled.

      He then walked over to an area and there was a ledge. He smiled at all of us, and he then poured the bowl out into the sky and the contents blasted and roared and poured downwards. I ran over and looked down to see where the contents went. I saw that below the place we were in the heavens, was the cloud below us and the wheel within that cloud. Evidently the mixed contents were going to hit that cloud. As I watched, suddenly from behind me a great wind blew past me and leaped downward after the mixture that was speedily lunging towards the cloud. The wind caught up with the mixture and when the wind hit it, it broke up into a million flames that fell violently downwards. Each little flame had the wind within it now. Millions of flames that roared with a great wind within them.

      I watched flames hit the cloud and when they did a great storm broke out as the cloud was filled with wind and fire and blood and oils, and water. Suddenly shouts and singing and laughter, and prayer broke forth from within the cloud and it exploded like a volcano. When it did this it poured live molten lava or a fiery rain and poured down over the waterwheel that was in the cloud. The wheel spun and roared as the liquids fiercely flowed over it and raced towards the earth below. I was so excited by this that I wanted to see what happened when it hit the earth. Suddenly I found myself back where I was hovering in the sky watching the fiery rain coming from the turning wheel ever so much closer to the earth. I could still hear the shouts, and singing, and laughing and prayers within each drop. It was amazing! Each drop had it’s own voice, and wind within it.

      The flood of waters were churning even more as they raced towards the planet below. It seemed like the earth began to anticipate it’s nearness because it began to shake and to vibrate with the same intensity that the approaching flood had. I could see that the people on the earth were shaken by the quaking and many were awakened by this upheaval. The closer it got the more the waters increased. It almost looked like one massive wave of churning brilliant lights and colors and sounds all flowing within itself. The earth began to have earthquakes and storms below. The very atmosphere of the earth was reacting to the flow from heaven. The atmosphere was charged with electricity. Most of the earth’s people ran and hid where they could because of the upheavals in the earth and the storms.

      I could see some people did stand outside to see what was happening. Suddenly I was also standing among those on earth. I was also looking up with them. I could not see the rains yet, but I could feel them as they neared. The people around me grew quiet, and they suddenly many of them fell to their knees. Many were singing, some were shouting, some were laughing, and all were crying. I looked back just in time to see the most awesome sight. The waterwheel was just above the earth and the storm of water, blood, fire, and oil was a massive wave of roaring, pulsating life was just about to hit us. I began to shake almost violently now, and everyone was shaking too. I began to burn inside and it felt like burning love filled me. I could actually feel wind blowing inside of me. I felt alive, and bubbling inside like I had never felt before. I looked at my hands, and oil was coming out of them. I looked up and the massive wave hit us that were watching. -The vision ended.

      PS If you live in proximity to the Atlantic Ocean you may soon die if you do not get out of harms way. You need to understand that all of your sins are imprinted upon your soul and that you will have to pay a terrible price in hell for every single one of them. The churches have lied about salvation. Yes Jesus died for our sins but we are not forgiven them unless we bring each and every one to Him in sincere repentence, on our knees with great remorse. Turn to Jesus now and repent of every sin you can possibly think of, make a list if need be. Forgive others, many have been seen suffering in hell because they would not forgive others. Visit spiritlessons.com and read of the dozens of testimonies of hell, it is a very, very terrible place. I have been a terrible sinner myself and have been working out my salvation before the Lord for a long time. It takes work my friends.

      Mark Brander



      Dee, This is important because there is something incoming right now ---I can’t put my finger on it –but I know that

      it is supposed to be “missed” by us…..



      From: earthtimes-bounces@timestar.org [mailto:earthtimes-bounces@timestar.org] On Behalf Of Krsanna 
      Sent: Saturday, October 20, 2012 7:33 PM
      To: TimeStar Forecasts and Announcements (TimeStar Forecasts and Announcements)
      Subject: [TimeStar] To be or not to be a meteor - what the hey is going down???

      Krsanna Duran

      The Human Odyssey


      All Star Roundup News


      TimeStar Earth


      Atlantis Phoenix


      © 2012 KDuran

      Keep an eye open for fireballs. We are in an Orionid meteor shower but something else is coming in too. See asteroid hit in San Mateo, California below.

      Note that TimeStar posits a high possibility of an asteroid hit at or near the Antarctic in 2013.

      Best regards,



      ORIONID METEOR SHOWER--TODAY! Earth is passing through a stream of debris from Halley's Comet, source of the annual Orionid meteor shower. Forecasters expect ~25 meteors per hour when the shower peaks on Oct. 21st. No matter where you live, the best time to look is during the dark hours before sunrise on Sunday morning. Observers in both hemispheres can see this shower. [video] [full story] [NASA Chat] [meteor radar] [sky map]

      On Oct. 19th, as Earth was making first contact with the debris stream, NASA's All-sky Fireball Network recorded 10 Orionid fireballs over the southern USA. Their orbits are color-coded baby blue in the diagram below:

      ASTEROID MAP 2012

      The location of Earth, where all the orbits intersect, is denoted by the red 'splat.'

      Not every orbit in the diagram is an Orionid. The orange and green ellipses correspond to random meteors not associated with Halley's debris stream. If you watch the sky for a few hours on Sunday morning, you are likely to see a few of these 'sporadic meteors' among the dozens of Orionids. Happy meteor watching!

      Realtime Meteor Photo Gallery

      METEOR MAKES LANDFALL: A small asteroid that exploded over the San Francisco Bay Area on Oct. 17th, shaking houses with its sonic boom, might have scattered pieces of itself on the ground. That's the conclusion of Peter Jenniskens of the NASA Ames Research Center. He triangulated data from a pair of meteor surveillance cameras to determine the fireball's trajectory, denoted by the black arrow in the map below:


      "The asteroid entered at a [relatively slow] speed of 14 km/s. There's a good chance that a fairly large fraction of this rock survived and fell somewhere around the North Bay," says Jenniskens. "Much more accurate results will follow from a comprehensive study of the video records. Now, we hope that someone recovers a meteorite on the ground."

      In the map, red dots represent the surveillance cameras Jenniskens used to calculate the trajectory. The black arrow traces the asteroid's path; 85 km and 39 km are the altitudes of the asteroid at the two ends of the arrow. Jenniskens adds that "39 km is not the end point, but the final bit captured by the San Mateo video camera." The disintegrating asteroid continued beyond the tip of the arrow for a possible landfall somewhere north of San Francisco. Stay tuned for updates on the meteorite hunt.

      Note: This was not an Orionid.




      Planet X is probably pushing and pulling a debris field along with it, which could cause further problems such as dislodging asteroids, stated Rand. He believes ...





      Near Earth Asteroids
      Potentially Hazardous Asteroids (PHAs) are space rocks larger than approximately 100m that can come closer to Earth than 0.05 AU. None of the known PHAs is on a collision course with our planet, although astronomers are finding new ones all the time.
      On October 21, 2012 there were 1339 potentially hazardous asteroids.
      Recent & Upcoming Earth-asteroid encounters:
      Miss Distance
      2012 TE79
      Oct 17
      5.7 LD
      20 m
      1998 ST49
      Oct 18
      28.7 LD
      1.3 km
      2012 TD79
      Oct 18
      7.2 LD
      60 m
      2012 UE
      Oct 19
      2 LD
      9 m
      2012 TP231
      Oct 22
      5.8 LD
      44 m
      2012 UF34
      Oct 22
      2.8 LD
      51 m
      2012 US18
      Oct 22
      1.6 LD
      8 m
      1991 VE
      Oct 26
      34 LD
      1.1 km
      2012 UW9
      Oct 29
      9.4 LD
      31 m
      2001 CV26
      Oct 30
      68 LD
      2.4 km
      2007 PA8
      Nov 5
      16.8 LD
      2.4 km
      2010 JK1
      Nov 25
      9.3 LD
      56 m
      2009 LS
      Nov 28
      55.2 LD
      1.1 km
      2009 BS5
      Dec 11
      8.4 LD
      15 m
      4179 Toutatis
      Dec 12
      18 LD
      2.7 km
      2003 SD220
      Dec 23
      59.8 LD
      1.8 km
      1998 WT24
      Dec 23
      69.2 LD
      1.1 km
      Notes: LD means "Lunar Distance." 1 LD = 384,401 km, the distance between Earth and the Moon. 1 LD also equals 0.00256 AU. MAG is the visual magnitude of the asteroid on the date of closest approach.


      SEE:  METEOR STRIKES RUSSIA  2-15-13  http://www.greatdreams.com/blog-2013/dee-blog447.html 

      On February 15, 2013 there were 1381 potentially hazardous asteroids.
      Recent & Upcoming Earth-asteroid encounters:
      Miss Distance
      2013 BS45
      Feb 12
      4.9 LD
      29 m
      3752 Camillo
      Feb 12
      57.5 LD
      3.4 km
      2013 BV15
      Feb 13
      3.7 LD
      60 m
      1999 YK5
      Feb 15
      49.1 LD
      2.1 km
      2012 DA14
      Feb 15
      0.09 LD
      65 m
      2013 CE82
      Feb 17
      4.6 LD
      44 m
      2013 CZ87
      Feb 19
      7 LD
      28 m
      2009 AV
      Feb 25
      59.7 LD
      1.0 km
      2007 EO88
      Mar 18
      4.4 LD
      23 m
      1993 UC
      Mar 20
      49 LD
      3.8 km
      1997 AP10
      Mar 28
      45.9 LD
      1.8 km
      2010 GM23
      Apr 13
      3.9 LD
      50 m
      2005 NZ6
      Apr 29
      24.9 LD
      1.3 km
      2001 DQ8
      Apr 30
      74.3 LD
      1.1 km
      Notes: LD means "Lunar Distance." 1 LD = 384,401 km, the distance between Earth and the Moon. 1 LD also equals 0.00256 AU. MAG is the visual magnitude of the asteroid on the date of closest approach.

      Essential web links
      NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center
      The official U.S. government space weather bureau
      Atmospheric Optics
      The first place to look for information about sundogs, pillars, rainbows and related phenomena.
      Solar Dynamics Observatory
      Researchers call it a "Hubble for the sun." SDO is the most advanced solar observatory ever.
      3D views of the sun from NASA's Solar and Terrestrial Relations Observatory
      Solar and Heliospheric Observatory
      Realtime and archival images of the Sun from SOHO.
      Daily Sunspot Summaries
      from the NOAA Space Environment Center
      the underlying science of space weather
      Space Weather Alerts


        Physical scenarios other than the resonant interactions of a planet might create a dust peak, like the recent collision of very large asteroids. For two such major...
      2. Planets and Music

        We'll ignore the asteroid belts (I call them egressing lunoids as planetary remnants ... Later on we will find that the asteroids, as science calls them, are in a ...
      3. NASA's WISE Eye Spies Near-Earth Asteroid

        On January 17, there were 1092 potentially hazardous asteroids. Notes: LD ... MAG is the visual magnitude of the asteroid on the date of closest approach.

        Mar 30, 2007 – The Solar Forum (Hosted by Phaeton)Asteroids and Comets ... Comets and asteroids have been slamming into Earth since time began.

        Asteroid NY40, which was just discovered on July 14, will be flying near the Earth on ... Some of the other images taken this way show asteroids that are binary ...

        Constellation Eridanus -Is it connected to Eridu - the first city on Earth?

        In all probability it was the same event which gave rise to the asteroid belt and ... Indeed, spectographic studies of asteroids reveal that some of them "were ...

        Jun 10, 2009 – It can't be an asteroid or comet we don't think because it's trajectory and speed keeps changing. Many scientists are heading for the antarctic to ...

        Impossible to nudge earth into different orbit!

        Jun 27, 2001 – The team says that by shooting a large object (such as an asteroid about 62 miles across) past the Earth, the planet could be gradually pulled ...


        The longitudinal (East-West) position of celestial bodies (i.e. planets, asteroids, etc.) is measured along the ecliptic. Signs. The Signs are units of measurement ...

        THE TRUTH ABOUT NIBIRU - by Alex

        Aug 12, 2003 – bare rocks or molten asteroids yet and there was no life, as humans .... The Asteroid Belt between Mars and Jupiter is presumed to be the ...

        ASTEROID PREDICTION FOR 2006 .... Asteroid 2006 AM4 Near-Earth Flyby (0.014 AU) M 15.5 ... www.greatdreams.com/2007-asteroids-comets.htm - ...

        I said, we are entering a time of asteroid activity which will last for a time and then ... One important thing, when I watched the asteroids fall I felt within me that ...

        http://www.greatdreams.com/survival.htm  · 7-25-12 PANE ANDOV PREDICTS 2012. WITH COMMENTARY. page 265 8-26-12. ASTEROID 2012 DA 14 ...

        Mar 3, 2008 – An asteroid that behaves something like a second Moon to Earth will make its closest approach to our planet next week before shuttling back ...

        The model has been closed. Especially when day 17 of 2009 July, Basket affirms in a press note, That” the Asteroid belt can very have formed far from the sun “.
      6. NASA Unveils Plans for Comet

        Mar 27, 2005 – Although most of the material analyzed by the Livermore team clearly resembles the stuff of asteroids, something less 1 percent of the grains ...
      7. Hyper Dimensional Physics

        There should be asteroids all over the solar system. ... Moreover, these asteroid belts, which should correctly be called lunoids, are the remnants of moons and ...

        Nov 27, 2009 – About 6 month later the second Asteroid approached us hitting the earth ..... Surveys show that as many as 185 large asteroids or comets hit the ...
      9. NIBIRU

        ... return of Nibiru. As we have said before, ... Either the asteroid will hit Earth or that Nibiru has come to take over Earth ... www.greatdreams.com/shifting.htm  - ...
      1. Number

        "and the node of the Trojan asteroids. Next, there are the wave ratios that shape and govern sea waves (groups vs. single waves), dunes, snowdrifts, tides, ...
      2. CYGNUS X 3

        [Blue] Within your next few years, especially next year you will have clusters of asteroids been attracted to your sun/earth system as your sun fluctuates at it's ...

      4. Dee Finney's blog - November 5, 2011 page 62 - MALDEC?

        The remains of Maldec is now the Asteroid Belt found between Mars and Jupiter. .... bare rocks or molten asteroids yet and there was no life, as humans ...

        Another review I found was this: In the last couple of years we've had man against earthquakes, volcanoes, cave-ins, asteroids and now forest fires.
      6. Dee Finney

        We are IN a momentous shift which is marked by flying asteroids (YU55), solar ... Some believe Phobos is an asteroid captured by Mars' gravity, while others ...
      7. Baffling Lunar Illusion

        With the realization in the 1980s that impacts (of comets, asteroids, etc.) ... There was, however, a planet orbiting in the place of what is now the asteroid belt.
      8. THE STRANGE 5/4/98

        May 4, 1998 – This suggests that a small asteroid exploded in the atmosphere, ... In late 1997 funds for a program to detect asteroids that might collide with the ...

        Dee Finney's blog - August 3, 2011 - page 15

        Aug 3, 2011 – In the summer of 1998, Americans raced into movie theaters for not one, but two major Hollywood productions featuring giant asteroids about to hit earth ...

        Dee Finney's blog April 24, 2012 page 205 THE SUN AND PLANET X


        Dee Finney's blog August 6, 2012 page 265 ASTEROID 2012 DA 14

        Aug 6, 2012 – The near earth asteroid 2012 DA14 discovered last year is not going to hit Earth next year, scientists say. Phew. And yet, it will still be coming in ...



      THIS BLOG CONTINUES ON PAGE 346  http://www.greatdreams.com/blog-2012-3/dee-blog346.html  CROP CIRCLE IN ITALY





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