The Connection to Revelation 12


compiled by Dee Finney

4-7-09 - DREAM - I was  working in a small office.  I hadn't been well for some reason and wasn't working. I was just resting.

I was taken to another upstairs office by my friend Erv, who drove me when I needed to get somewhere as I didn't have a car of my own. This place was where a woman kept the small animals I needed to do my job.  They were very tiny as infants, which is what I was going to get.  She kept these animals in an aquarium in small boxes - like a small matchbox.  The whole place smelled like an animal lair. 

She handed me this tiny box that was broken on one side, and inside was this cute little creature that looked like a wolf.  I said that we wouldn't be taking it home that day as we didn't have an aquarium set up for it yet, and she said okay.  But I wondered how we would tell the difference between the animal that had been picked out and all the others - except this box was broken on one side that it was in.

I had seen a full grown animal also- which was sitting upright like a human and just as large.  It had a regular paw on the left, but on the right, the paw was very large and looked like a giant club.  The left paw pushed something into place, and the large clubbed right paw did the work.  The woman said, 'They have the right hand of Apollo!"

After we picked out our little wolf, I went to sit down on a chair, and I was shown a communication device that I would be using.  It looked rather like a long TV remote, but this one was talked into like a radio.  One of the men on the other end was named Gary, and he was ill also. There was a capital letter G at the top of this device.   I said into the device, "C'mon Gary!"  to cheer him on to recovery, like I knew I would be. 

Gary didn't answer back, because he didn't know who I was yet, but I knew he heard me.


"LYCEIUS (Lukeios), a surname of Apollo, the meaning of which is not quite certain, for some derive it from lukos, a wolf, so that it would mean "the wolf-slayer;" others from lukę, light, according to which it would mean "the giver of light;" and others again from the country of Lycia. There are indeed passages in the ancient writers by which each of these three derivations may be satisfactorily proved. As for the derivation from Lycia, we know that he was worshipped at mount Cragus and Ida in Lycia; but he was also worshipped at Lycoreia on mount Parnassus, at Sicyon (Paus. ii. 9. § 7), Argos (ii. 19. § 3), and Athens (i. 19. § 4). In nearly all cases, moreover, where the god appears with this name, we find traditions concerning wolves. Thus the descendants of Deucalion, who founded Lycoreia, followed a wolf's roar; Latona came to Delos as a she-wolf, and she was conducted by wolves to the river Xanthus; wolves protected the treasures of Apollo; and near the great altar at Delphi there stood an iron wolf with inscriptions. (Paus. x. 14. § 4.) The attack of a wolf upon a herd of cattle occasioned the worship of Apollo Lyceius at Argos (Plut. Pyrrh. 32; comp. Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. ii. 124); and the Sicyonians are said to have been taught by Apollo in what manner they should get rid of wolves. (Paus. ii. 19. § 3.) In addition to all this, Apollo is called lukoktonos. (Soph. Elect 7; Paus. ii. 9. § 7; Hesych. s. v.) Apollo, by the name of Lyceius, is therefore generally characterised as the destroyer. (Müller, Dor. ii. 6. § 8.)"


Hellenic Polytheist


A coincidence of happenchance took me to a webpage on where this photo was just poted.


NOTE:  The name Chandra means moon.  Note how many times the 'moon' is mentioned in the Biblecal articles below.

It's in the Southern Constellation Circinus

Red represents low-energy X-rays, the medium range is green, and the most energetic ones are colored blue. The blue hand-like structure was created by energy emanating from the nebula around they dying star PSR B1509-58. The red areas are from a neighboring gas cloud called RCW 89. Credit: NASA/CXC/SAO/P.Slane, et al.


The constellation Circinus (pronounced /ˈsɝsɨnəs/) is a small constellation in the southern sky, first defined in the 18th century. Its name is Latin for compass, referring to the drafting tool used for drawing circles; it should not be confused with Pyxis, a constellation that represents a mariner's compass.

Circinus was introduced in the 18th century by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, whose fascination with secular science led him to name the constellations he defined after scientific instruments.

Circinus is located at a declination of −50 to −60 degrees, and hence the whole constellation is visible only south of the 30° north latitude.


Cosmic Hand Reaches for the Light
By Staff

posted: 04 April 2009
10:37 am ET


Tiny and dying but still-powerful stars called pulsars spin like crazy and light up their surroundings, often with ghostly glows. So it is with PSR B1509-58, which long ago collapsed into a sphere just 12 miles in diameter after running out of fuel.

And what a strange scene this one has created.

In a new image from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, high-energy X-rays emanating from the nebula around PSR B1509-58 have been colored blue to reveal a structure resembling a hand reaching for some eternal red cosmic light.

The star now spins around at the dizzying pace of seven times every second -- as pulsars do -- spewing energy into space that creates the scene.

Strong magnetic fields, 15 trillion times stronger than the Earth's magnetic field, are thought to be involved, too. The combination drives an energetic wind of electrons and ions away from the dying star. As the electrons move through the magnetized nebula, they radiate away their energy as X-rays.

The red light actually a neighboring gas cloud, RCW 89, energized into glowing by the fingers of the PSR B1509-58 nebula, astronomers believe.

The scene, which spans 150 light-years, is about 17,000 light years away, so what we see now is how it actually looked 17,000 years ago, and that light is just arriving here.

A light-year is the distance light travels in a year, about 6 trillion miles (10 trillion kilometers).


The Woman of Revelation 12

We are learning as we examine the Scriptures that God likens believers to the sun, moon, and stars. Is there any other place that we can look in the Bible where the sun, moon, and stars are mentioned?

Book of Revelation, chapter 12:

1) And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars.

This woman of Revelation 12:1 is completely identified with the sun, moon, and stars. From the top of her head (crown of stars) to the bottom of her feet (moon under her feet); and the rest of her body clothed with the sun. It would help our study if we knew who this woman was?

2) And she being with child cried, travailing in birth, and pained to be delivered.

3) And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads.

4) And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven , and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born.

5) And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to His throne.

6) And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and threescore days.

As we read this passage and the rest of the account given in Revelation 12 regarding this woman we can be sure of two things:

First, that the child this woman brings forth is none other than the Lord Jesus Christ. The language of the chapter unmistakably points to Christ's incarnation (compare especially Psalm 2 with Rev 12:5).

Secondly, that the woman being spoken of (clothed with the sun, etc.) is not Mary. We do not read that Mary ever fled into the wilderness after Christ's birth. Also, verse 14 of Revelation 12 says the woman was given two wings of a great eagle that she might fly into the wilderness. Clearly the woman being spoken of in Revelation 12 is not a literal woman; but is being used to symbolize something else.

What could this woman symbolize?

Since the woman is said to have brought forth the man child (Christ); then the woman must be a type and a figure of the body of believers. Believers are typified in the Bible as a woman (the bride of Christ); and as the Old Testament believers faithfully carried the message of the Messiah down through the centuries until Christ's incarnation---they were (figuratively speaking) as a woman travailing in birth.

Once again, as we find mention of sun, moon, and stars in Revelation 12:1: we see very clearly that the body of believers are in full view. Therefore, as we read Matthew 24:29 we are beginning to strongly suspect - that what is happening to the sun, to the moon, and to the stars - is figurative language that is focusing in on unusual happenings to the body of believers during the period of time "immediately after the tribulation of those days".

Chris McCann, Sun, Moon and Stars



  Psalm 104:2 Covering Yourself with light as with a cloak, Stretching out heaven like a tent curtain.

Song of Songs 6:10 'Who is this that grows like the dawn, As beautiful as the full moon, As pure as the sun, As awesome as an army with banners?'

Matthew 24:30 "And then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the SON OF MAN COMING ON THE CLOUDS OF THE SKY with power and great glory.

Galatians 4:26 But the Jerusalem above is free; she is our mother.

Revelation 11:19 And the temple of God which is in heaven was opened; and the ark of His covenant appeared in His temple, and there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder and an earthquake and a great hailstorm.

Revelation 12:3 Then another sign appeared in heaven: and behold, a great red dragon having seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads were seven diadems. (NASB ©1995)

Appeared Arrayed Child Clothed Crown Heaven Marvel Moon Portent Robed Round Sign Stars Twelve Wonder Wreath

And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars:

1 A woman clothed with the sun travails.
4 The great red dragon stands before her, ready to devour her child;
6 when she is delivered she flees into the wilderness.
7 Michael and his angels fight with the dragon, and prevail.
13 The dragon, being cast down into the earth, persecutes the woman.

there. 3 11:19 15:1 2Ch 32:31 Mr 13:25 Ac 2:19

wonder. or, sign. Mt 12:38 24:30 Lu 21:11,25

a woman. Isa 49:14-23 54:5-7 60:1-4 Ho 2:19,20 Joh 3:29 2Co 11:2 Eph 5:25-27,32

clothed. 21:23 Ps 84:11 Isa 60:19,20 61:10 Mal 4:2 Ro 3:22 13:14 Ga 3:27

and the. Ga 6:14 Tit 2:11,12

crown. 1:20 21:14 Isa 62:3 Zec 9:16



Argeiphontes in Homer—The Dragon-Slayer

S. Davis

Article author 
Google Scholar

According to Elliot Smith, the dragon ‘is most intimately associated with the earliest stratum of divinities, for it has been homologized with each of the members of the earliest Trinity, the Great Mother, the Water God, and the Warrior Sun God, both individually and collectively. To add to the complexities of the story, the dragon-slayer is also represented by the same deities, either individually or collectively; and the weapon with which the hero slays the dragon is also homologous both with him and his victim, for it is animated by him who wields it, and its powers of destruction make it a symbol of the same power of evil which it itself destroys.’

Wherever it is found the dragon displays a special partiality for water. It dwells in pools or wells or in the clouds on the tops of mountains, or at the bottom of the sea where it guards vast treasures, or even on the top of a high mountain. It has the same characteristics everywhere, for the dragon of the North is essentially the same as that of the South and the East, an evil power, guarding hoards and withholding good things from men. ‘The slaying of a dragon is the achievement of heroes—of Siegmund, of Beowulf, of Sigurd, of Arthur, of Tristram…But if in the West the dragon is usually a “power of evil”, in the far East he is equally emphatically a symbol of beneficence. He is identified with emperors and kings; he is the son of heaven, the bestower of all bounties.’



ORESTES, in Greek legend, son of Agamemnon and Clytaemnestra. According to the Homeric story he was absent from Mycenae when his father returned from the Trojan War and was murdered by Aegisthus. Eight years later he returned from Athens and revenged his father's death by slaying his mother, and her paramour (Odyssey, iii. 306; xi. 542). According to Pindar (Pythia, xi. 25) he was saved by his nurse, who conveyed him out of the country when Clytaemnestra wished to kill him. The tale is told much more fully and with many variations in the tragedians. He was preserved by his sister Electra from his father's fate, and conveyed to Phanote on Mount Parnassus, where King Strophius took charge of him.

In his twentieth year he was ordered by the Delphic oracle to return home and revenge his father's death. According to Aeschylus, he met his sister Electra before the tomb of Agamemnon, whither both had gone to perform rites to the dead; a recognition takes place, and they arrange how Orestes shall accomplish his revenge. Orestes, after the deed, goes mad, and is pursued by the Erinyes, whose duty it is to punish any violation of the ties of family piety. He takes refuge in the temple at Delphi; but, though Apollo had ordered him to do the deed, he is powerless to protect his suppliant from the consequences. At last Athena receives him on the acropolis, of Athens and arranges a formal trial of the case before twelve Attic judges. The Erinyes demand their victim; he pleads. the orders of Apollo; the votes of the judges are equally divided, and Athena gives her casting vote for acquittal. The Erinyes. are propitiated by a new ritual, in which they are worshipped as Eumenides (the Kindly), and Orestes dedicates an altar to Athena Areia. With Aeschylus the punishment ends here, but, according to Euripides, in order to escape the persecutions of the Erinyes, he was ordered by Apollo to go to Tauris, carry off the statue of Artemis which had fallen from heaven, and bring it to Athens. He repairs to Tauris with Pylades, the son of Strophius and the intimate friend of Orestes, and the pair are at once imprisoned by the people, among whom the custom is to sacrifice all strangers to Artemis. The priestess of Artemis,. whose duty it is to perform the sacrifice, is his sister Iphigeneia. She offers to release Orestes if he will carry home a letter from her to Greece; he refuses to go, but bids Pylades take the letter while he himself will stay and be slain. After a conflict of mutual affection, Pylades at last yields, but the letter brings about a recognition between brother and sister, and all three escape together, carrying with them the image of Artemis. After his return to Greece, Orestes took possession of his father's kingdom of Mycenae, to which were added Argos and Laconia. He is said to have died of the bite of a snake in Arcadia. His body was conveyed to Sparta for burial (where he was the object of a cult), or, according to an Italian legend, to Aricia, whence it was removed to Rome (Servius on Aeneid, ii. 116). The story of Orestes was the subject of the Oresteia of Aeschylus (Agamemnon, Choephori, Eumenides), of the Electra of Sophocles, of the Electra, Iphigeneia in Tauris, and Orestes, of Euripides. There is extant a Latin epic poem, consisting of about 1000 hexameters, called Orestes Tragoedia, which has been ascribed to. Dracontius of Carthage.

Orestes appears also as a central figure in various legends connected with his madness and purification, both in Greece and Asia. In these Orestes is the guilt-laden mortal who is purified from his sin by the grace of the gods, whose merciful justice is shown to all persons whose crime is mitigated by extenuating circumstances. These legends belong to an age when higher ideas of law and of social duty were being established;, the implacable blood-feud of primitive society gives place to a fair trial, and in Athens, when the votes of the judges are evenly divided, mercy prevails.

The legend of Orestes is the subject of a lengthy monograph by T. Zielinski, "Die Orestessage and die Rechtfertigungsidee" in Neue Jahrbiicher air das klassische Altertum, ii. (1899). Orestes, according to Zielinski, is the son of the sky-god Zeus-Agamemnon, who overcomes his wife the earth-goddess Gaia-Clytaemnestra; with the assistance of the dragon Aegisthus, she slays her husband, whose murder is in turn avenged by his son. The religion of Zeus is then reformed under the influence of the cult of Apollo, who slays the dragon brought up by the earth-goddess on Parnassus, the seat of one of her oldest sanctuaries. Parnassus becomes the holy mountain of Apollo, and Orestes himself an hypostasis of Apollo "of the mountain," just as Pylades is Apollo "of the plain" similarly Electra, Iphigeneia and Chrysothemis are hypostases of Artemis. Zeus being firmly seated on his throne as the result of the slaying of the dragon by Orestes, the theological significance of the myth is forgotten, and the identifications Zeus-Agamemnon and GaiaClytaemnestra are abandoned. In the Homeric Oresteia the soul of the murdered wife has no claim to vengeance, and Orestes rules unmolested in Argos. But the Apolline religion introduces the theory of the rights of the soul and revenge for bloodshed. Apollo, who has urged Orestes to parricide and has himself expiated the crime of slaying the dragon, is able to purify others in similar case. Hence Orestes, freed from the guilt of blood, is enabled to take possession of the throne of his father. This is the Delphic Oresteia. But a new idea is introduced by the Attic Oresteia. The claim that Apollo can in every case purify from sin is met by Athens with a counterclaim on behalf of the state. It is the community of which murdered and murderer were members which has the right to exact revenge and retribution, an idea which found expression in the foundation of the Areopagus. If the accused is acquitted, the state undertakes to appease the soul of the murdered person or its judicial representative, the Erinys.

Others attach chief importance to the slaying of Neoptolemus (Pyrrhus) by Orestes at Delphi; according to Radermacher (Das Jenseits im Mythos der Hellenen, 1903), Orestes is an hypostasis of Apollo, Pyrrhus the principle of evil, which is overcome by the god; on the other hand, Usener (Archiv fur Religionswesen, vii., 1899, 334) takes Orestes for a god of winter and the underworld, a double of the Phocian Dionysus the "mountain" god (among the Ionians a summer-god, but in this case corresponding to Dionysus j Xavaiyis), who subdues Pyrrhus "the light," the double of Apollo, the whole being a form of the well-known myths of the expulsion of summer by winter. S. Reinach (reviewing P. Mazan's L'Orestie d'Eschyle, 1902) defends the theory of Bachofen, who finds in the legend of Orestes an indication of the decay of matriarchal ideas.

See article by Hofer in Roscher's Lexikon der Mythologie; A. Olivieri, "Sul mito di Oreste nella letteratura classica" (with a section on modern literature) in Rivista di Filologia, xxvi. (1898), and Jebb's edition of the Electra of Sephocles.

<< Nicolas Oresme Mathieu Joseph Bonaventure Orfila >>


Updated June 2006, with a new Hebrew theme

Some who don't believe that Apollo was born on Delos believe that he was born in Lycia (adjacent to Lydia), or to proto-Lycians prior to their settling Lycia, which would explain the codeword that Apollo was known by, "Lykeios." Britannica says that this term means "wolf-god," wherefore I should share two things: 1) that "Cyclopes" looks like "Gog-lopes," the "lopes" part looking like "lupo" and "lupus," the Italian and Latin words for "wolf," and, 2) it is well known that the Cyclopes moved to Italy.

I know of the common line that "Kuklopes" means "round eyed," for the Greek "ophis" (Strong's Concordance # 3789) means "sharpness of vision" while "kuklos" means "cycle/round." However, as is typical of secret societies, there could be a double meaning involved, especially if "kuklos" derived from "Gog" since, after all, Gog was from Circasia.

It was Caesar Augustus who re-invigorated the Mars cult, showing that Mars and Apollo were a depiction of the same bloodline. On the one hand no one seems to know why "Wolves were sacrificed to Apollo at Argos and elsewhere on the Greek peninsula" (see website below), and on the other hand, no one seems to know what Mars referred to, though I think that it's got to be the Mari Parthians who branched out to Verkana ("wolf land"): "...the Greeks and Romans, who likewise assigned Mars the wolf as sacred animal."

But there's even more evidence to strengthen both Gog-Rome and Gog-Gorgon connections to the wolf. You may already know that the twin founders of Rome, codewords "Romulus" and "Remus," were depicted suckling a wolf, meaning that the Romans descended from a nation depicted as a wolf. Because the wolf-sucking twins were revealed as Aeneas-line Trojans, the mystery wolf-nation should be sought among Trojan entities, and Gorgons come irresistibly to mind as the first place to check out:

"Old Persian VARKANA ("Wolf's Land"), ancient region located southeast of the Caspian Sea. Its capital was Zadracarta (Astarâbâd, modern Gorgân), and it formed part of the Median, Achaemenian (559-330 BC), Seleucid, and Parthian (247 B.C.-224 A.D.) empires, either as an independent province or joined with Parthia. In the list of Persian satrapies given by the Greek historian Herodotus, the Paricanians may have been the Hyrcanians."

[Update June 2006 -- Very happy at the moment. An email correspondent found a quote that verifies my linking Romulus/Remus to Verkana. It's a statement (below) written by Virgil, with Dido chewing out Aeneas, the Trojan ancestor of Romulus and Remus. Although Virgil's story is a myth, the statement yet reveals that Virgil viewed the origin of Aeneas peoples in Verkanian territory:

"False as thou art, and more than false, forsworn;
Not sprung from noble blood, nor goddess born:
But hewn from hardened entrails of a rock,--
And rough Hyrcanian tigers gave thee suck."

Finding Virgil's reason for using "tigers" should prove important. As "Hyrcanian" seems very much the root of "Hercules," while the latter was connected to the Lydian lion, the tiger may very well be the root of the Lydian lion. In this picture, the Romans are found rooted in a Verkanian bloodline that passes through the Lydians, and for this reason I would view Hercules as the Latin side of the Romans (since I view Latin roots in Lydians). However, I am not suggesting that Hercules depicts the Latin side versus the Trojan side, for it's becoming evident that the Latins/Lydians were the very offshoots of Trojans...meaning that Trojans themselves descended from the "Hyrcanian tiger." End Update]

[Update August 2006 -- Having found the root of the Ladon dragon in Syria, specifically in the seven-headed dragon called "Lotan," I've noted that the river cutting across the north side of Tyre is called, to this day, the "Litani" river. This indicates to me that Ladon-branch Trojans had been in Tyre. End Update]

Since Apollo was styled "Lykeios," let's take a look at the Scandinavian god, Loki, the father of Fenrir, also a wolf, and father also of Jormungand, a serpent. One can, by the way, see "Vanir" in "Fenrir," and Loki was the leader of the Vanir gods. The mother of Loki was the giantess, Laufey, which as "Lophey" modifies easily into "lopi" (wolf).

The Lelegians can also be shown to be wolf Gogi. Lelegians, founders of Gargara of the Troad, had also been on Euboea, a large Greek island near Athens, off the Cyclades, where the Gogi ruled under the Cecrops bloodline. Euboea is important because its royal clan was the family of Zeus prior to "his" migration to Crete, the family comprising the metal-inventing Trojans then called "Abantes." Homer in the Iliad wrote:

"...fierce Abantes held Euboea with its cities, Khalkis, Eretria...Elephenor of the race of Ares was in command of these; he was son of Khalkodon, and chief over all the Abantes. With him they came, fleet of foot and wearing their hair long behind..."

It is well known that the Euboeans were early metal workers and warriors with dreams of conquering the world with their metal. The bloodline of Ares that held Euboea would colonize Italy and finally rule it and the world! It would therefore be descendants of the Euboeans who created Roman myth to be a rehash of Greek myth. (see navigational map of Greece (bookmark for later reference, you'll probably need it).

It is my opinion that one of the chief Euboeans was Hephaistos, who in the Roman world was styled "Vulcan" ("Vulcun" to the Etruscans), the chief metal smith. He (i.e. the peoples he depicted) was not only among the inventors of metal, along with the Apollo peoples of Delos, but as leader of a Greek secret society, he was of the wild Curetes who practiced its occult ceremonies. Among the Curetes were the "Corybantes," said to be the founders of Troy, and I do see that this term is similar to "Abantes," as if the term should be understood as Cor/Hor-Abantes (i.e. the Abantes branch of Curetes).

Because he had 50 sons (merely code), a certain Lycaon (a term rooted in "wolf") was likely of an Hecatonchire (literally "100 hands") bloodline. Recall that one of the three Hecatonchire was styled with the Gog-like term, "Gyges," and that the very same term was used to depict the Lydians from whom stemmed the Romans and Etruscans. I'll start showing here that Rome was founded by certain descendants of Lycaon called "Cauconians/Caucones." First, in the Hercules myth wherein he was leading certain cattle across Europe, he came up against a "Cacus" who lived on one of the hills of Rome called "Aventine," a term that evokes "Abantes"! How many coincidences can we tolerate? Surely this Cacus depicted the Cauconians/Lelegians of Euboea.

One can follow Loki-like terms from Greece to the Vanir. The Danes, who were likewise werewolf-honoring Vanir, stemmed from Illyrium, just up the western coast of Greece toward north Italy. The Lelegians had been on the Ionian island of "Leucas" off that west coast of Greece. Between Leucus and the Illyrian coast there was the Ionian island of Kerkyra (also "Corcyra" but now Corfu), an apparent version of "Gargara" and, if true, named by the Lelegians. I learned that the first Greek settlers of Kerkyra were from Euboea...thus pointing to the Lelegians of Euboea. Therefore, many Italians of that time were Lelegians. Have you noticed that "Lelegian" contains a Loki-like term?

When speaking with a Greek restaurant owner, with considerable knowledge of Greek myth, he claimed that Curetes had settled Kerkyra. The Ares stronghold of Elis in west Greece also held the Cauconians, and nearby (to their south) the wolf peoples may have named "Laconia," a major Greek region whose Spartan peoples are likewise descended from a dragon belonging to Ares and yet related to Colchis in Caucasia.

There are some arguments made by historians that connect Elis to the Biblical Elishah, son of Javan (Genesis 10:4). One interesting argument is that the purple dye of Tyre originated in sea creatures of that part of Greece (Peloponnesus) where Elis was located, while Ezekiel 27:7 tells that Tyre's purple cloth was from Elishah!! The color of the dragon in Revelation is scarlet/purple perhaps for this reason of depicting the Caucones, for I noted that the Greek word used in Revelation for that color is "kokkinon." The Roman harlot of that same chapter also has the color kokkinon applied to it.

God does use play-on-words at times. Could it be that Revelation 17 is attempting to depict the Caucones as the root of both the anti-Christ and Babylon the Great? It may moreover be that the Caucones were named (by Greeks) after the purple of Tyre, and that they were the same as the Phoenicians since the latter term is rooted in "scarlet/purple."

I found on one website that "Apollodorus has the eponymous Caucon as one of the fifty sons of Lycaon," that latter term being a wolf term i.e. it's in no way a coincidence that Zeus changed Lycaon into a wolf! This puts a new spin on Jesus' words when he said that Satan is a wolf coming but to kill, steal and destroy, for it speaks now of empire-building i.e. the blood of war, the ruin of cities, and the sin of pillaging that empire-building is based upon. Europe under Gogi elements has been just such a sad story.

Lycaon's infant sacrifices and other troublesome activities were the reason for the Greek-myth flood that wiped out mankind (not a literal event and not referring to the Biblical Flood). Lycaon and the Caucones must depict a wolf peoples originating outside of Greece, and prior to Greece's existence, for Greece was founded after that flood. Pausanias calls Zeus "Lycaean Zeus."

Gyges (of Lydia) was deeply fond of the Apollo Oracle, and used it to come to power i.e. the seers who maintain the Oracle, and prescribe the oracles, granted power to Gyges, much like a Pope would urge all Catholics to honor Hitler as being from Providence, if that's what the Pope desired. Now the origin of the Apollo Oracle was in Crete, for Apollo was said to have brought Cretan priests to the main center of the cult, Delphi (in Greece). Now Delphi was previously called "Pythos," and as it was a place of Poseidon worship, might "Pythos" have derived from the same root as "Poseidon"?

Interestingly, Apollo in a certain myth killed the dragon called "Python" when he entered Greece from Hyperborea, meaning that he replaced the rulers in Pythos with his own Hyperborean peoples; hence, "Delphi" must have been named by those Hyperboreans. And I note how "Delphi" is much like the island of Apollo, "Delos."

Certainly "Telephus" now comes to mind as a variation of "Delphi," for he was a son of Hercules, and born in Arcadia, the Cauconian capital. Telephus became ruler of Mysia by the Caicus river. Thus, when Apollo brought Cretans to Pythos to take over the city, those Cretans must have been of the Telephus bloodline, meaning that Telephus was a Cretan peoples, evoking the "Telchines" who were alternatively the Curetes of Crete, the whole bunch of them from the Cecrops bloodline the ancestry of which has been kept concealed by the myth writers. At the website below, we can see that the first rulers of Crete were the founders of Tegea in Arcadia, and in fact these were the descendants of Lycaon, as was Telephus himself (not to re-mention Caucon)

Apparently, the first Cretans were Caucones, which is important when viewing Crete as the first capital of Atlantis, for it makes Atlantis a Gogi enterprise. Behold, the three "grandsons" of Lycaon who migrated to Crete first of all were sons of Maera, daughter of Atlas (he depicting the founders of Atlantis). If Rome's founding was indeed a New Atlantis while at the same time founded by a wolf peoples migrating through Greece, then I expect ties between the founding of Rome and Lycaon's bloodline. That is, when we see Romulus ans Remus sucking on the tits of a wolf, that wolf might rightly be viewed as Lycaon.

First off, Telephus and his brother Tarchon became the Etruscans, remember, and this explains the similarities between the Etruscans and Cretans that historians have pointed out. I think the migratory line would be from Crete to proto-Lydia (i.e. Troy region) to Rome...but between Crete and proto-Lydia there was a proto-Etruscan settlement on Lemnos, the island sacred to Hephaistos. As the Lemnos peoples were Saka and Amazons, so it may be that the proto-Etruscans there were one or the other.

Secondly, Phylonome, the granddaughter of Lycaon, mated with Ares to produce the twins Lycastus and Parrhasius, and they as children, evoking Romulus and Remus (founders of Rome), were suckled by a wolf. In keeping with my suspicions that Remus was the one who depicted the Etruscans, I've noted that “Parrhasius” may undress to Par-Rhasian, for it’s known that the Rhaetians (proto-Redones) of north Italy were from the Etruscans. My conclusion is that the deepest Greek roots of both the Etruscans and the Romans can be found in Lycaon, wherefore he should lead backward to Caucasia and even further back to Verkana.

Strabo said that the Dacians, who were Getae, were the "Daüs" (wolves) of Attica (Athens region), and then mentioned that the "Daae" were Scythians from Hyrcania/Verkana.

Now Leucas, the island in western Greece mentioned earlier in relation to Kerkyra, is not to be mistaken for Leucus, the eponym for a peoples on Crete who allied themselves temporarily with Meda, an obvious eponym for Gorgons on Crete. Recall that Pasiphas, daughter of Helios and Perse, and therefore a Gorgon, was Minos' wife. Well, Meda was the wife first of Minos' son, but then also of Leucus. It's possible that this Leucus line of Minoans established the island of Leucas, and from there went on to become various Europeans. This would then explain why another myth writer decided to connect the Minoans to "Europa."

It would appear that the Gorgons of Crete are the white bull that Zeus was portrayed as. This bull is likely a symbol of the dragon beast of Revelation 17, since that bull carried Europa away on his back, even as the dragon of Revelation 17 carries Babylon the Great on his back. That is, God may have so depicted the dragon on the harlot specifically to tie them to Zeus and Europa. Is it a further coincidence that while the Greek myth had Zeus rape Europa, so the Revelation account has the dragon raping Babylon? It would appear from this argument that the dragon of Revelation 17 will stem from the Gorgons of Crete, though not from the branch that became the Romans, but from the branch that became the Russians (for I interpret that dragon of Revelation as end-time Gog). It was never the purpose of this book (at the time of starting it) to expose that Russians and Romans were the same bloodline, for I had never even dreamt that this connection could be the reality, yet that is exactly the conclusion insisted by the research that is the meat of this book. Babylon the Great, shown sitting on the seven hills of Rome, and whom is connected to Roman emperors in that she is said to rule over all the kings of the earth, depicted not the Romans alone, but the root of the Romans going back even previous to the Minoans of Crete, even previous to the Trojans, to the very roots of the Rus.

Helios and Perse had yet another daughter in the goddess "Aegea," who surely depicted the Aegean-sea empire of Minos (i.e. Atlantis). Minos had previously rid the Aegean sea of Carian pirates and had thereby become the undisputed ruler of all it's islands. But a certain Theseus of the Cecrops line became the ruler of Atlantis by weakening the forces of Minos. It just can't be a coincidence that the father of Theseus was "Aegeus."

It is said in some myth versions that Poseidon himself snuck into the room wherein Aegeus and this daughter (Aethra) were supposed to be mating (to produce Theseus), and that he, not Aegeus, mated with the woman so that Theseus turned out to be a son of Poseidon. But this is double-speak where both scenarios are true, on the one hand to provide secret-society initiates with a secret illustration revealing Aegeus and Theseus as the rulers of Atlantis, for Poseidon was father of Atlantis. The other side of the coin is that Aegeus and Theseus were of the Poseidon bloodline, meaning that their Cecrops bloodline was likewise. There is a reason that the ancestry of Cecrops is not given in myth, aside from depicting him as a snake, and this connection to Atlantis may be why.

Though the ruler of Athens, Aegeus had himself been subject to taxation enforced by Minos, meaning simply that Minos ruled over the Cecrops line for a time (Minos was himself partly from the Cecrops line because that line was the white bull that produced the Minoans). In another myth involving Theseus, a white bull mates with Minos' wife, Pasiphas, to produce the Minotaur. Theseus killing the Minotaur is then the story of his breaking the power of Minos.

As well as giving birth to Aegeus, Pandion (of Cecrops) gave birth to Lycus, who, like Theseus, was also in Crete. But Lycus was assigned the island of Euboea as his portion to rule, which is important because he, the symbol of Lycia, was also a wolf peoples. For Lycia (see Lydia-Lycia Map) also claimed ownership of Apollo, the wolf god. It was in Lycia that the goddess Lada was worshiped, and it is thought that Leto, Apollo's mother, was named after Lada. [I feel quite certain that Lada/Leto will prove to be the Ladon/Lotan dragon.]

In Russian myth, Lada was the wife of Dazhbog, who was a depiction of Helios and yet was portrayed with a canine head. This is fine, for Helios was in truth the wolf god of Verkana, explaining why Apollo is viewed as a wolf god but also as the Helios sun god, since Apollo is a peoples stemming from Verkana. In Lithuanian myth, Lada is the wife of Perkunas, that sun god being likewise a depiction of Verkana. I note that while Dazhbog is said to mean "sun god," it could be viewed as "dog god" since "daus" means "wolf."

Leto and Lada of Greek myth seem synonymous with Ledo and Lada of Slav-Rus myth, where in the latter the two are a married couple and no doubt (in my mind) depictions of Lydia and Lycia. Therefore, Lydia and Lycia were two wolf-peoples related closely to the sun-god cult in Verkana.

As the king of Mysia, Lycus had "Dascylus" as a father -- who had been the father of king Gyges as well! Therefore, Lycus also (along with Lydia) brought forth the Etruscans since Dascylus was, in my strong but personal/lonely opinion, the eponym of Tuscany (land of the Etruscans in Italy). I'd bet my best one-eyed sunglasses that the Lycians included the Cyclopes and the Gigantes of Crete, for a website tells that "Stories of the Cyclopes range from Thrace to Crete to Lycia" (

Another means of tying the Hyperboreans to the Lydians, and the Lydians to the Romans, is in the Roman cult of "Ludi Apollinares." And behold, it was Caesar Augustus who fired up this Apollo cult, meaning that he knew he was of the Apollo bloodline. Britannica says that, "As a young man, Augustus had chosen Apollo as his own god." Augustus eventually lifted the Apollo cult to equal status with Jupiter i.e. Zeus. And "In 17 B.C., [Augustus] celebrated the Ludi Saeculares..."

"Latona" was the Roman version of Leto i.e. Lydia. "Latona" certainly looks like the origin of the Latins, and this goes a long way in proving that the Latins were Lydian cousins of the Etruscans. Greek myth makes Latinus the descendant of Tros, co-founder of Troy (i.e. the Lydians and Latins are in this way revealed once again as Trojan descendants). But don't miss this point, that if the Lydians were Gogi, ditto for the Romans.

Because Britannica says that Apollos' "elevation to such great prominence goes hand in hand with Augustus' determination to Hellenize the age," we see that the first Roman emperor was at least a political extension of Alexander the Great (who fervently promoted Hellenization). I think there is a blood connection between the two rulers. It may be that the anti-Christ will be related by blood to the Seleucids, a Greek faction extending from Alexander, that likewise sought to Hellenize the world. The Seleucids are depicted in Daniel 11 as runners-up to the anti-Christ. But no one to my knowledge has been able to trace the Seleucid bloodline to a powerhouse of the modern day. It wouldn't surprise me if both end-time Roman leaders (i.e. Rosicrucian Illuminatists) and end-time Gog descend from the Seleucids.

Is the revived Roman empire today ruled by secret societies who have striven to make it a democracy? No surprise, since Theseus (of Cecrops) "is said to have organized [Athens] in three classes: noblemen, farmers and craftsmen and was honored as the father of democracy...[he gathered] all of Attica under one single government..." ( The three classes evoke the old three degrees of Freemasonry. The first class of Nobleman is conspicuous because we are told that "Aryan" means "noble." Immediately I am led to think that no one could achieve Nobleman class unless he could prove pure Aryan blood in his veins. This reminds me of a myth in which king Minos (from Poseidon and Zeus) demanded that Theseus prove his Poseidon bloodline.

The second class is also conspicuous because the Greek word for "farmer" is "georgos," as though "Gorgon" may have been secretly insinuated...but understood in that "light" only by the initiated. A Gorgon was not a pure Aryan.

And the third degree evokes the stone masons and metal workers, such as Hephaistos depicted as well as the builders of the so-called "Cyclopean" stone walls...probably built by the Cyclopean peoples.



1 Corinthians Chapter 3

They must not contend about their teachers, who are but God's ministers and accountable to him. Their works shall be tried by fire.

English (Douay-Rheims)

1 And I, brethren, could not speak to you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal. As unto little ones in Christ, 2 I gave you milk to drink, not meat: for you were not able as yet. But neither indeed are you now able: for you are yet carnal. 3 For, whereas there is among you envying and contention, are you not carnal and walk you not according to man? 4 For while one saith: I indeed am of Paul: and another: I am of Apollo: are you not men? What then is Apollo and what is Paul? 5 The ministers of him whom you have believed: and to every one as the Lord hath given. 6 I have planted, Apollo watered: but God gave the increase. 7 Therefore, neither he that planteth is any thing, nor he that watereth: but God that giveth the increase. 8 Now he that planteth and he that watereth, are one. And every man shall receive his own reward, according to his own labour. 9 For we are God's coadjutors. You are God's husbandry: you are God's building. 10 According to the grace of God that is given to me, as a wise architect, I have laid the foundation: and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon. 11 For other foundation no man can lay, but that which is laid: which is Christ Jesus. 12 Now, if any man build upon this foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble: Upon this foundation... The foundation is Christ and his doctrine: or the true faith in him, working through charity. The building upon this foundation gold, silver, and precious stones, signifies the more perfect preaching and practice of the gospel; the wood, hay, and stubble, such preaching as that of the Corinthian teachers (who affected the pomp of words and human eloquence) and such practice as is mixed with much imperfection, and many lesser sins. Now the day of the Lord, and his fiery trial, (in the particular judgment immediately after death), shall make manifest of what sort every man's work has been: of which, during this life, it is hard to make a judgment. For then the fire of God's judgment shall try every man's work. And they, whose works, like wood, hay, and stubble, cannot abide the fire, shall suffer loss; these works being found to be of no value; yet they themselves, having built upon the right foundation, (by living and dying in the true faith and in the state of grace, though with some imperfection), shall be saved yet so as by fire; being liable to this punishment, by reason of the wood, hay, and stubble, which was mixed with their building. 13 Every man's work shall be manifest. For the day of the Lord shall declare it, because it shall be revealed in fire. And the fire shall try every man's work, of what sort it is. 14 If any man's work abide, which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward. 15 If any man's work burn, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved, yet so as by fire. 16 Know you not that you are the temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? 17 But if any man violate the temple of God, him shall God destroy. For the temple of God is holy, which you are.

18 Let no man deceive himself. If any man among you seem to be wise in this world, let him become a fool, that he may be wise. 19 For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written: I will catch the wise in their own craftiness. 20 And again: The Lord knoweth the thoughts of the wise, that they are vain. 21 Let no man therefore glory in men. 22 For all things are yours, whether it be Paul or Apollo or Cephas, or the world, or life, or death, or things present, or things to come. For all are yours. 23 And you are Christ's. And Christ is God's.



Jesus and the Church in Revelation 12

In the beginning of Revelation 12, John records his vision of a pregnant woman about to give birth. He sees her in brilliant radiance — clothed with the sun, and with the moon under her feet. On her head is a wreath or crown of 12 stars. To whom does the woman and child refer?

In Genesis, we have the story of the biblical patriarch Joseph who had a dream in which a similar scene manifested itself to him. He later told his brothers that he had seen the sun, the moon and 11 stars bowing down to him (Genesis 37:9).

The portraits in Joseph's dream clearly refer to his family members. They would be Joseph's father Israel (sun), his mother Rachel (moon) and his eleven brothers (stars) (Genesis 37:10). Joseph, in this case, would be the 12th brother or "star." Israel's 12 sons became populous tribes and grew into the nation that became God's chosen people (Deuteronomy 14:2).

Revelation 12 radically alters the elements of Joseph's dream. It reinterprets them in terms of spiritual Israel — the church or the congregation of God's people (Galatians 6:16).

In Revelation the 12 tribes do not refer to the ancient nation, but symbolize the complete church (7:1-8). The woman being arrayed with the sun could represent the church as the radiant bride of Christ (2 Corinthians 11:2). The moon under the woman's feet and the crown on her head could depict her victory through Christ.

Under this imagery, the "woman" of Revelation 12 would represent God's pure church. Biblical scholar M. Eugene Boring says: "She is the cosmic woman, clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and crowned with twelve stars, who brings forth the Messiah" (Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching, "Revelation," p. 152).

In the New Testament, the church is known as spiritual Israel, Zion and "the mother" (Galatians 4:26; 6:16; Ephesians 5:23-24, 30-32; Hebrews 12:22). Zion-Jerusalem was the idealized mother of the nation of Israel (Isaiah 54:1). The metaphor carried over into the New Testament and was applied to the church (Galatians 4:26).

Some commentators see a broad meaning in the woman symbol of Revelation 12:1-3. The image, they say, is a reinterpretation of both Jewish messiah concepts and pagan savior myths in terms of the Christ experience. M. Eugene Boring says: "The woman is not Mary, or Israel, nor the church but less and more than all of these. John's imagery pulls together elements from the pagan myth of the queen of heaven; from the Genesis story of Eve, mother of all living, whose 'seed' shall bruise the head of the primeval serpent (Gen 3:1-16); from Israel who escapes from the dragon/Pharaoh into the wilderness on wings of an eagle (Exod. 19:4, cf. Ps 74:12-15); and Zion, 'mother' of the People of God through the ages, Israel and the church" (p. 152).

With this view in mind, some interpreters see references to various pagan myths in this section, as well as to the Old Testament story of Joseph's dream. In Greek mythology the pregnant goddess Leto is pursed by the dragon Python. She escapes to an island where she gives birth to Apollo, who later kills the dragon. Nearly every Mediterranean culture had some variant of this type of combat myth, pitting monster against champion.

Revelation's image of the cosmic woman brands all such myths as wrongheaded. It says that none of the stories understand that Jesus is the Savior and that the church constitutes the people of God. Christ is the Son who slays the dragon, Apollo is not. The church is the mother, from whom and for whom the Messiah comes; Leto is not the mother. The goddess Roma — the Roman Empire personified — is actually a type of the international spiritual prostitute, Babylon the Great. The true Queen of Heaven is Zion, composed of the church or people of God.

Thus, in the tale of the woman, Revelation exposes long-standing political-religious beliefs for what they are. British Bible scholar G.R. Beasley-Murray says, John's use of the Apollo myth "is an astonishing example of communicating the Christian faith through an internationally known symbol" (The New Century Bible Commentary,  "Revelation," p. 192).

Revelation also casts Jesus as the church's redeemer — the long-awaited Messiah. In doing so, the book redefines the meaning of Old Testament symbols in a final way. Says G.R. Beasley-Murray: "By using this vehicle of expression John has at a stroke claimed the fulfillment of pagan hope and Old Testament promise in the Christ of the Gospel. There is no other deliverer but Jesus" (p. 196).

In Revelation 12, the major opponent of the church is also exposed. He is the terrifying red dragon with seven heads, ten horns and seven crowns on his head. Revelation clearly identifies the dragon or monster. He is "that ancient serpent called the devil, or Satan, who leads the whole world astray" (12:9, with 20:2).

Satan's earthly proxy — the beast from the sea — also has seven heads and ten horns, and he is scarlet in color as well (13:1; 17:3). Satan's character is mirrored in his earthly representatives. The dragon personifies evil. Since ancient mythology had many references to dragons, John's audience would have understood that the dragon of Revelation 13 represented a cosmic enemy.

Exactly what the dragon's seven heads represent is not immediately clear. However, given John's use of seven as a numerical symbol of completeness, perhaps this suggests the universal nature of Satan's power and that he completely embodies within himself all evil. The dragon also has seven diadems or royal crowns on his heads. They could represent Satan's spurious claim against Christ. As the Lord of Lords, it is to Jesus that all crowns of authority belong. He is the one who will be crowned with many diadems (19:12, 16).

We are told the dragon had "swept a third of the stars out of the sky and flung them to earth" (12:4). This fraction is used several times in Revelation. Perhaps we should interpret it as meaning a significant minority.

We are also given a short biography of the woman's "male child," a reference to Jesus (12:5). Revelation  is here telling the story of the Christ event in relationship to Satan's unsuccessful attempt to thwart God's plan.

The dragon tried to kill or "devour" the woman's child at the moment of his birth (12:4). This is a reference to a historical situation. When Herod heard that the Jewish messiah had been born in Bethlehem, he killed all the infants in the city, which would have resulted in the baby Jesus' death (Matthew 2:16). Jesus, of course, escaped with his parents to Egypt. Revelation tells us Satan the devil was really behind the human plot to murder Jesus — to "devour" him.

Some commentators think that Satan's attempt to "devour" the woman's child also included his tempting of Jesus (Matthew 4:1-11), his obscuring of Jesus' gospel message (Matthew 13:39), and his inspiring the crucifixion of Christ (John 13:2). By killing Jesus through the crucifixion, the devil may have assumed he had won a victory over the Messiah. In fact, it was Jesus' death itself that saved the world and sealed the devil's fate (John 12:31; 14:30; 16:11; Colossians 2:15; Hebrews 2:14).

Through his death and resurrection, Jesus, the child of the woman, "was snatched up to God and to his throne" (12:5). That is, he was resurrected to immortality. God has exalted the glorified Jesus to a position of universal authority (Philippians 2:9-11). He is destined to "rule all the nations with an iron scepter" (12:5). He will shepherd the nations with loving, but absolute authority. These words — "rule all nations" — clearly identify to whom the child symbol refers. He is God's anointed Messiah, destined to reign in God's kingdom over all the earth (Psalm 2:9;  Revelation 19:15).



Bible Prophecy Research
Title: Abaddon / Apollyon / Apollo
Submitted by:
Date: November 12, 1998
Update: April 06, 2001


APOLLYON, or, as it is literally in the margin of the AV of Revelation 9:11, "a destoyer," is the rendering of the Hebrew word Abaddon, "the angel of the bottomless pit."

[And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon.--Rev 9:11]

The Hebrew term is really abstract, and signifies "destruction," in which sense it occurs in Job 26:6; 28:22; Proverbs 15:11; and other passages.

[Hell is naked before him, and destruction hath no covering.--Job 26:6

Destruction and death say, We have heard the fame thereof with our ears.--Job 28:22

Hell and destruction are before the LORD: how much more then the hearts of the children of men?--Prov 15:11]

The angel Apollyon is further described as the king of the locusts which rose from the smoke of the bottomless pit at the sounding of the fifth trumpet. From the occurrence of the word in Psalm 88:11, the Rabbins have made Abaddon the nethermost of the two regions into which they divided the under world.

[Shall thy lovingkindness be declared in the grave? or thy faithfulness in destruction?--Psalm 88:11

Hell has seven divisions, one beneath the other. They are called Sheol, Abaddon, Beer Shahat, Tit ha-Yawen, Sha'are Mawet, Sha'are Zalmawet, and Gehenna.-- The Legends of the Jews, Louis Ginzberg]

But that in Revelation 9:11 Abaddon is the angel, and not the abyss, is perfectly evident in the Greek. There is no authority for connecting it with the destroyer alluded to in 1 Corinthians 10:10; and the explanation, quoted by Bengel, that the name is given in Hebrew and Greek, to show that the locusts would be destructive alike to Jew and Gentile, is far-fetched and unnecessary.

[Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer.--1 Corinthians 10:10]

The etymology of Asmodeus, the king of the demons in Jewish mythology, seems to point to a connection with Apollyon, in his character as "the destroyer," or the destroying angel.

(Dr. William Smith's Dictionary of the Bible, 1872)

APOLLYON. The Greek name, meaning "Destroyer," given in Revelation 9:11 for "the angel of the bottomless pit" (in Hebrew called Abaddon), also identified as the king of the demonic "locusts" described in Revelation 9:3-10...In one manuscript, instead of Apollyon the text reads "Apollo," the Greek god of death and pestilence as well as of the sun, music, poetry, crops and herds, and medicine. Apollyon is no doubt the correct reading. But the name Apollo (Gk Apollon) was often linked in ancient Greek writings with the verb apollymi or apollyo, "destroy." From this time of Grotius, "Apollyon" has often been taken here to be a play on the name Apollo. The locust was an emblem of this god, who poisoned his victims, and the name "Apollyon" may be used allusively in Revelation to attack the pagan god and so indirectly the Roman emperor Domitian, who liked to be regarded as Apollo incarnate.

(Anchor Bible Dictionary)

APOLLO, one of the most important and many-sided of the ancient Greek divinities. Apollo was the son of Zeus and Leto and the twin brother of Artemis [Diana]; he was born on Delos, where Leto had fled, persecuted by the jealousy of Hera...

Apollo's origins (perhaps Oriental) are quite uncertain; his name yields no convincing Greek etymology, although he became the most thoroughly Greek of all gods...A remarkable feature of his cult was his characteristic, though not only, way of giving oracles, especially at Delphi, to possess the priestess and speak through her mouth in a way reminiscent of Siberian shamanism.

His oracles, especially the Delphic, were consulted on all manner of subjects, and good advice was often given, especially on such matters as colonization, by the obviously well-informed clergy, who "edited" the utterances of the priestess...

Someone in the fifth century BC started a wholly ungrounded theory that Apollo was identical with the sun. This became popular in later times and lingers in poetical expressions such as "Phoebus 'gins arise," meaning that the sun rises; Phoebus ("bright, pure") is one of Apollo's titles. It also led to his identification with real sun gods.

There were numerous representations of the god in Greek art, from the archaic statues of the sixth century BC to those of the later period in which he appears as the ideal of youthful manliness and beauty. His worship was taken over by the Romans, who dedicated a temple to him in 430 BC and instituted gamees in his honour (the ludi Apollinares) in 212 BC. He became one of the chief Roman gods in the age of Augustus, who erected a temple to him on the Palatine...

(Collier's Encyclopedia)


APOLLO (Gr. Apollon), a Greek god, the son of Zeus, the father of the gods, and Leto, daughter of the Titan Coeus, and the twin brother of Artemis, goddess of the moon. The twins were born on the island of Delos, whither their mother had fled to escape the jealous anger of Zeus' wife, Hera. Apollos is one of the most versatile of the Olympian gods. As the god of youth, manly beauty, music, and song, he represents the Greek mind at its best. He was the god of prophecy, with his oracle at Delphi, the protector of flocks and herds, the helper and averter of evil, and also the god of righteous punishment. To his oracles people turned in sickness, and he is represented as the father of Aesculapius, the god of healing. He delighted in the foundation of cities, and as the spiritual leader of colonists he was invoked as Delphinius; as Euryalus, he was god of the broad seas, and of the embarker and disembarker; as Agyleus he was god of the streets and roads; and as Phoebus he was god of the sun. Although the Greek poet Homer represents Apollo and Helios, the sun, as distinct divinities, Apollos' identification as the sun-god is universal among later writers...The attributes of Apollo are the bow and quiver, the cithara and plectrum, the snake, raven, shepherd's crook, tripod, and laurel. In art Apollo is represented more frequently than any other ancient deity...

(Universal Standard Encyclopedia)


APOLLO BELVEDERE, a famous marble statue in the part of the Vatican museum called Belvedere...Montorsoli, a pupil of Michelangelo, restored the hands but did so wrongly, for the right hand was not empty but held a laurel branch, and the left hand held a bow, as testified by the quiver on the back of the figure. The statue was thus intended to depict the two aspects of Apollo, the god who punishes wrong-doers and purifies repentant sinners...

(Collier's Encyclopedia)


APOLLO BELVEDERE, ...It is regarded as one of the most nearly perfect representations of the human figure.

(Universal Standard Encyclopedia)


BELVEDERE, a court, gallery, or detached structure, usually located to command a view (Ital. bel, "beautiful" and vedere, "to see"). The best known Belvedere is the court of that name in the Vatican Palace, and the gallery surrounding it, built in 1484-1492 by pope Innocent VIII. In this gallery are some of the finest masterpieces of Classical antiquity, including the famous statue of Apollo Belvedere, the Laocoon [a Trojan priest who warned his countrymen against the wooden horse left by the Greeks--according to Pliny the sculpture stood in the palace of Titus in Rome], and a torso of Hercules.

(Collier's Encyclopedia)


The slime with which the earth was covered by the waters of the flood produced an excessive fertility, which called forth every variety of production, both bad and good. Among the rest, Python, an enormous serpent, crept forth, the terror of the people...The famous statue of Apollo called the Belvedere represents the god after this victory over the serpent Python.

Aesculapius, the son of Apollo, was endowed by his father with such skill in the healing art that he even restored the dead to life.

Orpheus was the son of Apollo and the Muse Calliope. He was presented by his father with a lyre and taught to play upon it, which he did to such perfection that nothing could withstand the charm of his music.

(Bulfinch's Mythology)


PHEOBUS APOLLO...the lord of the silver bow, the Archer-god, far-shooting... He is the God of Light, in whom is no darkness at all, and so he is the God of Truth. No false word ever falls from his lips.

O Phoebus, from your throne of truth,
From your dwelling-place at the heart of the world,
You speak to men.
By Zeus's decree no lie comes there,
No shadow to darken the word of truth.
Zeus sealed by an everlasting right
Apollo's honour, that all may trust
With unshaken faith when he speaks.

Delphi under towering Parnassus, where Apollo's oracle was, plays an important part in mythology. Castalia was its sacred spring; Cephissus its river. It was held to be the center of the world, so many pilgrims came to it, from foreign countries as well as Greece. No other shrine rivaled it.

Apollo at Delphi was a purely beneficent power, a direct link between gods and men, guiding men to know the divine will, showing them how to make peace with the gods; the purifier, too, able to cleanse even those stained with the blood of their kindred.

(Mythology, Edith Hamilton)


Terrors had always made excellent business for Apollo, and there were never worse terrors than the plagues and earthquakes in the Antonine and Severan age. At Didyma, Apollo's cult was connected by its very origins to the bahishment of plague: in the 250s, Apollo still recalled how he had "shamed" the threads of the Fates and kept off the epidemic....we know about Apollo's remedies in a fascinating selection of oracles...They carry no date, but the main four probabably belong in the great epidemic of the 160s when Roman troops were returning from the East and brought home a disease whose effects read horribly like smallpox...

Three cities have left us pieces of Clarian Apollo's oracles on plague: Pergamum, Callipolis (near modern Gallipoli) and humble little Caesarea Trochetta, a small town in Lydia...The god pitched his style very high and lamented the disaster (crying "Woe! Woe! to each city)...None of these texts explained the plague; they only prescribed remedies... Only part of the god's remedy survives, but it runs true to his old-fashioned manner. The "divine law," he said, required his clients to draw pure water from seven fountains, which they had fumigated carefully. They must then sprinkle their houses with these "nymphs who have become kindly" and must set up an image of Apollo the archer, bow in hand, in the middle of their plain. There, presumably, he would "shoot away" the invading enemy, the plague itself.

Callipolis was ordered to set up a similar statue, "the warder-off of plague," and was also told to offer blood from sacrificial animals to the "gods below the earth" and to burn all the animals' meat with spices. The pyre of this holocaust was to be sprinkled with "shining wine and grey sea water": the victims, a goat, and a sheep, must be black...

Of the three texts, the finest is Pergamum's, which moves in stately hexameters and spends the first nine lines on flattery of the citizens' ancestry, their closeness to the gods and their especial honour from Zeus himself. On Pergamum's steep hill, said Apollo, the infant Zeus had been placed just after childbirth: his statement refuted a host of competing cities which claimed that they, not Pergamum, had received the newly born god. It was no wonder that the people and council of Pergamum decreed that the reply should be inscribed on pillars and displayed "on the agora and the temples." It also offered advice. Apollo wished to please his son, Asclepius, who resided so conspicuously in the city...he told [them] to sing a hymn to a particular god while their fellow citizens feasted and sacrificed in support...

(Pagans and Christians, Robin Lane Fox)

See also Antichrist
See also Babylon
See also Four Horsemen
See also Locusts


BPR Home | Research Files | Jewish Calendar | Reference Guide | Online Books | Search | About Us

Please be advised that this domain ( does not endorse 100 per cent any link contained herein. This forum is for the dissemination of pertinent information on an end-times biblical theme which includes many disturbing, unethical, immoral, etc. topics and should be viewed with a mature, discerning eye.