Dee Finney's blog
start date July 20, 2011
Today's date December 5, 2011
TOPIC: PLANETARY HARMONICS
A couple of days ago, I had a dream in which I was in a classroom and on each desk was a computerized set of compartments within which we could lift up a lid and see a number for each planet in the solar system. We were told to keep track of these numbers every day because the higher the number, the more likely it was that something would happen. We were not told what would happen though. The numbers I remembered from the dream were 19 and 3.
I did a blog page on planetary magnetism, and one on the Heliosphere and how the planets reacted to it, and that didn't fit the numbers in the dream. Planetary Harmonics, however does.
IN MY RESEARCH OF MY OWN WEBSITE, I FOUND THE FOLLOWING CHANNELED MESSAGE WHICH I HAD FORGOTTEN ABOUT. IT IS ABOUT THE TUNING, WHICH IS TOTALLY RELEVANT.
by Dee Finney
Thank you for coming. We would like talk about the earth's TUNING, which is coming soon. We call it that because the earth was created with a certain frequency, which kept it balanced and it has left that state and has to be retuned just like a fine violin.
In all of creation, everything is interdependent on everything else. Mankind has seen to it, that he has overcome the very nature he depends on to keep him alive. He has done this by killing off many species of animals, insects, plants - many things which were part of the chain of life.
Man likes to think that if he has kept 5 animals of a certain species of animal in a zoo to prevent extinction this is okay. This is NOT okay.
Each animal, fish, insect, and man has its place in the scheme of life. Mankind has come to think of himself as superior and now wants to perpetuate himself over all other creatures and this cannot be.
If man had remained in the primitive state, such as some tribes in Africa and South America still are, which are hidden from the rest of humanity, there would be no problem even today. But such is not the case and the majority of mankind will have to be taken out so to speak to save those who know how to live within the balance of nature.
Dee knows that there are plans afoot within elite circles to do just that, at the expense of great populations, such as India and China, which is already intervening to diminish their own by aborting select children. This conglomerate of certain men plan to eliminate certain other large portions of mankind to bring them down into balance with 'white' men.
I'm sorry, but this cannot be allowed to happen. No one's God said that only 'white' men can exist. White men are not superior to all other races. Mankind was not created for one color to be superior to another, anymore than man was created to be superior to all of creation.
It seems that man never learns this lesson and many other civilizations have been wiped out before you. Man is NOT superior and the event coming will prove this to him. Mankind will be brought to his knees once more.
Just like little boys are taught that his Father knows best, this is exactly the lesson mankind must learn.
It is already too late for mankind to turn around the havoc and destruction he has done to the earth and its inhabitants and the earth WILL rebel and soon.
Circumstances will arise, strictly through the use of nature itself to eliminate a great deal of mankind. It will no longer matter who has the tallest buildings. It will no longer matter who has the most diamonds or the most gold.
Money will become worthless. Once everything settles down, a tomato will be as valuable as a potato, but you will not be able to buy one with a diamond, you will have to barter for it with something of equal value. You cannot eat a diamond, therefore if a man has a tomato and he needs a potato or a carrot, he will trade equally with the man who has one. The man with the diamond will have a beautiful gemstone, but what will the man with the potato need with a diamond. He cannot go out and buy a tomato - he can only trade with someone who has one.
In time to come, perhaps money will become valuable again, but in time to come, food, clothing, and shelter will be all that man will care about.
Circumstances will be so harsh that if one does not have a skill of some kind to help another man, he will not be needed and nature itself will eliminate him.
If all you can do is sit at a computer and play a video game, woe be to you. I would suggest you go outside and learn to garden and to preserve what you grow. Learn to do this without gasoline and electricity because there will be neither in the future. Learn to make a fire without a match because there will come a time where you will need to know this. Some will think they can use a magnifying glass to start a fire. I beg to differ. There will be no sun when the earth is covered with thick clouds for years at a time.
If all you know is diamonds and video games, I suggest you get outside and start to commune with nature, you are going to need everything it has to share, as long as you share in return.
I bid you adieu with one last warning. WOE be it to those who think they can avoid this situation by ignoring it or thinking it will go away by sending LOVE at it. It is too late.
Make LOVE - NOT WAR was a great way to go, but it is too late for that. Too many men have already taught each other that WAR beats out LOVE. It is already TOO LATE!
Go outside and find yourselves some seeds and plant them. This may be your last opportunity to see them grow in the sunshine.
HERE IS A PORTION OF A PREVIOUS PAGE CALLED ' SING A NEW SONG, WHICH IS ALSO ABOTU THE TUNING
|SING A NEW SONG
compiled by Dee Finney
"And I looked and. lo, a Lamb stood on Mount Zion,
Hopi elders say that the Earth Mother will soon
|7-29-02 - DREAM - I was sitting in a car with a blond woman who
was doing the driving. A dark haired girl we called Carol was sitting in
the back seat. A third woman with dark hair came up to the car and get
into the back seat with the child. The three of us women were going to
work on a project together. (The name Carol means 'song of joy')
But, before we did that, the little girl wanted to get out of the car and play for a bit. Since she wasn't involved in the project, we allowed her to put on her play clothes and get out and enjoy herself for a bit. Her formal long dress and brand new red high-heeled shoes were kept in the car to keep them clean.
The blonde woman and I looked over some of Carol's clothing, which she was outgrowing - silver skirt and a brown skirt. We decided they would have to be replaced.
While I was still in the car, I as embroidering a picture of a river that was long. The picture was just of the river and I was working with pink thread, taking stitches on a diagonal every 1/4" all the way up the river. These pink stitches represented the reflection of the sun as it set and shone on the waves of the water. I as thinking that it was like 'the path'.
While we sat in the car, there was a sudden chill in the air like fall was coming. An old woman came by who was taking her daily walk and she commented on the change in the weather. She said, "There is only 'two weeks' left to enjoy ourselves."
At that point, I was feeling a little chilled and thought about putting on e light blue sweater over my sleeveless dress to keep my arms warm.
I got out of the car and went into a garage-like place where there were two radio chassis side by side. I began working with two leads from one radio and touching them to two wire connection son the other radio in order to produce the sound and worked on the tuning. There was a tall man standing behind my right shoulder who was watching me to see that I was doing it correctly. It also seemed like he and I were the only two people who knew how to do this.
A phone call came in then, asking about the bright red shoes that had been left in the car. The call came from a TV show which was trying to determine who they belonged to.
It seems that this call came from a higher level and I told the woman that the shoes belonged to Carol.
While I talked about the shoes, I could see them clearly in my mind. They were sturdy high-heeled shoes - held together with what seemed like an invisible wire and each shoe was facing in the opposite direction, but side by side. They slid together in that position while I watched. It was improbably that Carol could wear these shoes any time soon since she was so young. (She appeared to be about 7 or 8 years old)
I was supposed to go sing at a concert and if I didn't hurry I would be late, but this was just the rehearsal. I could hear the choir practicing in the background while I as getting read to go there - each successive passage was on a higher note. They left certain parts blank, which I was seeing in my mind, where I and the other two women would be singing solo - each of us with a particular word and note. It was a beautiful song and I was anxious about doing it correctly, but that was MY part to do.
THE SINGERS ARRIVE
12-17-07 - 7:21 a.m. DREAM - I was in a school somewhere where a concert was going to be held.
I was in a small auditorium, and 21 young women, all dressed in shimmering white gowns came in, each carrying a life-size bottle that was a candle holder - 7 clear bottles were placed on the left, and 7 clear bottles were placed on the right. 7 clear blue bottles were lined up in the center.
Then 21 young men came in - 7 stood on the left in front of the 7 clear bottle candle holders, 7 stood on the right in front of the 7 clear bottle candle holders, and 7 stood in the center in front of the clear blue candle holders.
The bottles would hold the 'light'.
The men were introduced as the Global Union Tune Group.
To tune up, the men all crooned one magnificent note.
I wish I had perfect pitch so I could tell you which note it was.
I woke up exactly at 7:21 a.m. the same numbers that were noted
throughout the dream.
Ps 33:3 Sing unto him a new song; play skillfully with a loud noise
Ps 96:1 O sing unto the LORD a new song: sing unto the LORD, all the earth.
At least 20 times we are commanded in Scripture to "sing unto the Lord."
Sing to the LORD a new song; sing to the LORD, all
|The Concise Matthew Henry
Commentary on the Bible
The glory of the Redeemer. (1-3) The joy of the Redeemer. (4-9)
Verses 1-3 A song of praise for redeeming love is a new song, a mystery hidden from ages and generations. Converts sing a new song, very different from what they had sung. If the grace of God put a new heart into our breasts, it will put a new song into our mouths. Let this new song be sung to the praise of God, in consideration of the wonders he has wrought. The Redeemer has overcome all difficulties in the way of our redemption, and was not discouraged by the services or sufferings appointed him. Let us praise him for the discoveries made to the world of the work of redemption; his salvation and his righteousness fulfilling the prophecies and promises of the Old Testament. In pursuance of this design, God raised up his Son Jesus to be not only a Light to lighten the Gentiles, but the glory of his people Israel. Surely it behooves us to inquire whether his holy arm hath gotten the victory in our hearts, over the power of Satan, unbelief, and sin? If this be our happy case, we shall exchange all light songs of vanity for songs of joy and thanksgiving; our lives will celebrate the Redeemer's praise.
Verses 4-9 Let all the children of men rejoice in the setting up the kingdom of Christ, for all may benefit by it. The different orders of rational creatures in the universe, seem to be described in figurative language in the reign of the great Messiah. The kingdom of Christ will be a blessing to the whole creation. We expect his second coming to begin his glorious reign. Then shall heaven and earth rejoice, and the joy of the redeemed shall be full. But sin and its dreadful effects will not be utterly done away, till the Lord come to judge the world in righteousness. Seeing then that we look for such things, let us give diligence that we may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless.
|"And I saw, and behold the Lamb standing on the mount Zion and
with him a hundred and forty four thousand, having the name of his
Father, written on their foreheads . . . And they sing as it were a new
song before the throne... and no man could learn the song save the
hundred and forty and four thousand, even they that had been purchased
out of the earth. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he
goeth. These were purchased from among men, to be the first fruits unto
God and unto the Lamb." (Revelation 14.1-4).
This same remnant group is earlier identified.
"And one of the elders answered, saying unto me, What are these which are arrayed in white robes? and whence came they?" (Rev 7:13).
"And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb" (v. 14).
"Therefore are they [present tense] before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them" (v. 15).
The Bible says, "Heaven is my throne, and earth is my footstool" (Acts 7:49). The earthly footstool comprising God's elect is always "before the throne" and close at hand, from God's perspective. Therefore, from God's viewpoint, the 144,000 members of the end time remnant in the earth, who alone will sing a new song, are "before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them." "Know ye not that ye are the temple of God" (1Cor. 3:16). It is that remnant, elsewhere called five wise virgins, who must "awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed" (Rom. 13:11).
"And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints" (Rev. 15:3).
They sing a new song, saying:
"Worthy art thou to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and didst purchase unto God with thy blood men of every tribe, and tongue, and people and nation and madest them to be unto our God a kingdom and priests; and they reign upon the earth." (Revelation 5.9-10).
They shall be permitted to reign with Christ throughout the Millennium assisting him in the "restoration of all things".
Wedding Song and Union with God
Rev. 5:11 And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands; 12 Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing. 13 And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever. 14 And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four and twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever (Rev. 5:11–14, KJV).
Wedding Song at the Throne of God
John’s vision of the Throne widens out; he sees and hears the glorified chorus at the Throne. He beholds an unlimited (murias) number of angels singing with the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures. They sing praises to the Lamb. The angels, the beasts, and the elders give a sacred wedding song of praise and adoration to the Lord!
They said, the Lamb’s Worthy to receive … power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing. The seven parts of this blessing gave it perfection.
All of creation, on earth and in Heaven, belongs to the Lamb, who sits at the right hand of our Father on the Throne. All creatures in Heaven will sing praises, honor, and glory forever and ever.
"The rest of the dead lived not until the thousand years should be finished This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: over these the second death hath no power: but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years:" (Revelation 20. 5-6).
Thus Paul speaks of this hope giving great encouragement and joy in our lives now:
"Wherefore we faint not; but though our outward man is decaying yet our inward man is renewed day by day. For our light affliction, which is for a moment, worketh for us more and more exceeding an eternal weight of glory." (2Corinthians4.16-
|THE TWENTY FOUR HELPERS (ELDERS)
The the twenty four elders are mentioned 12 times in the book of Revelation, but it does not tell us who they are.
Rev. 4:4 - And around the throne were twenty-four thrones; and upon the thrones I saw twenty-four elders sitting, clothed in white garments, and golden crowns on their heads.
The term elder no doubt means one who has greater experience or one who has gone before us.
In the Book of Revelation, they are sitting on thrones and wearing crowns. The crowns (in Greek is the stephanos) which is the crown of victory. These crowns are permanent, not perishable as the garland wreath was to the winners of the Greek games when they won their crown of victory.
These elders are not angels.
Rev. 5: 8-9 " And when He had taken the book, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb, having each on a harp, and golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints. And they sang a new song, saying "Worthy art Thou to take the book , and to break its seals; for Thou wast slain, and didst purchase for God with Thy blood men from every tribe and tongue and people and nation.
These are possibly the people of earth who have been victorious.
Footnote: Twenty-four elders: these may represent the twelve tribes of Israel and the twelve apostles. OR: The twenty-four elders may represent the king and the high-priest of each tribe.
What preparation should we make? The twenty-four elders offer a model. Besides the occasions of speaking to John, the twenty-four elders appear four times in Revelation. They appear in chapters 4, 5, 11, and 19. In three of these places, the elders act in concert with the four beasts.
In chapter 4, the elders, drawing their cue from the four beasts, "fall down before Him that sat on the throne, and worship Him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne saying, Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honor and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created" (Revelation 4:10–11).
In chapter 5, the elders sing "a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation; and hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth" (Revelation 5:9–10).
The elders in chapter 11 worship God, "saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned. And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldst give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldst destroy them which destroy the earth" (Revelation 11:17–18).
The promise in Revelation 3:21, "To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne." The key word, "throne," symbolizes rulership. The elders, who themselves sit on thrones surrounding God's throne, share in God's throne.
Besides sharing in God's throne, the twenty-four elders share association with the four beasts. Perhaps these beasts are cherubim, because they are similar to the cherubim in Ezekiel who were guardians of God's glory. Cherubim were also guardians of the garden of Eden and guardians of the mercy seat on the ark of the covenant. Here in Revelation they are guardians, along with the elders, of God's throne, of God's right to rule.
Do you want to prepare for the tribulation? Identify with the elders, study their prayers, and start praying like them.
|The Elders of the Native American Hopi nation say that the
Earth's surface is like the back of a spotted fawn. As the fawn grows,
the spots move and change number. Similarly, every time the Earth Mother
sings a new song or enters a new vibrational shift, Her power centers
also change to a new configuration, interconnected by a more complex
According to the Hopi, our present world is the Fourth World, the preceding three having been destroyed because of the divisiveness, selfishness, greed, and/or materialism of its inhabitants. In each case a few survivors were permitted to emerge to the succeeding world and were re-instructed in proper behavior. After emerging into the present world, they were instructed to divide into groups and undertake a series of migrations before finally settling down in their chosen land. That the chosen land was in a barren, arid desert is not incongruous, for in the preceding worlds comfort and material wealth were inevitably accompanied by spiritual disintegration. According to Hopi prophecy, our Fourth World is in rapid decline, heading for destruction, after which there will be a turn upward and a new age.
MANY PEOPLE HAVE BEEN WORKING TOWARDS THE TUNING, WHICH IS NOT JUST EARTH BUT UNIVERSAL. HERE IS A PAGE I DID STARTING IN 2000, BUT YOU WILL SEE THAT EVEN CRO PCIRCLES HAVE APPEARED POINTING AT IT.
DIVERSE..Planetary Harmonics & Neurobiological Resonances in Light, Sound, & Brain Wave Frequenies
See also Color and Sound A look at the science of Psychacoustics, and the harmonic relationships between colors and sounds.
Copyright © 2003-2010 Nick Anthony Fiorenza, All Rights Reserved
Last update Feb 25, 2010
New sections added (especially for musicians and light-sound healers):
Before getting into Planetary Harmonics and Bio-harmonic resonances, let us first explore the octave of visible light, that which the human eye sees, and its relation to sound. The octave of visible light, extending from the color red to the color violet, is forty octaves higher than middle audio octave, that which you would hear on a piano keyboard. Light, however, is measured by its wavelength, whereas sound in measured by its frequency.
Frequency is a measure of how many waves occur in a given moment of time. The most common unit of measure for frequency is the Hertz. One Hertz = one cycle per second. A frequency of 60 Hertz means that there are 60 cycles occurring in one second.
If we were to raise the middle C, which has a frequency of ~523 Hertz, by forty octaves (523 times 2 forty times), we would have a very high frequency of 5.75044581 x 1014 Hertz. That is 575 trillion cycles per second. Because of these unweilding numbers, light is measured by the length of wave (space) rather than how many waves are occurring in a second. A higher frequency means that there are more waves occurring in a given amount of time, thus the waves become shorter as the frequency becomes higher. Thus, Frequency and wavelength have an inverse relationship.
Waves of light are quite short. For example, the center frequency of the color green has a wavelength that is 0.0000005132 meters long (0.5132 x 10-6 meters). To make this easy, we measure visible light in a unit called the Ångstrom (Å) (that is a capital A with a little circle on top). One Ångstrom = 1 x 10-10 meters (that is 0.1 nanometers). The colors of the visible spectrum are measured in thousands of Ångstroms. As show in the above chart, the visible spectrum of light extends from about 7000 Å (red) to about 4000 Å (violet). Also shown in the above chart are the center wavelengths for each of the seven basic colors; their corresponding audio frequencies; and the location of the musical notes of an audio octave translated to the the visible spectrum.
To convert a frequency to wavelength, we divide the "speed of light" by the frequency. Conversly, to convert a wavelength to frequency, we divide the "speed of light" by the wavelength.
To convert the middle audio octave to light (wavelength) we must first raise the note (frequency) forty octaves (frequency times 2, forty times).
Example: To convert middle C (523 Hz) its corresponding wavelength in the visible spectrum.
First we must raise 523 Hz forty octaves (523 times 2, forty times)
That = 575044581326848 cycles/sec.
Then we convert that frequency to wavelength (using the formula above)
Thus, we divide the speed of light by that frequency.
Using 299,727,738 m/sec (the speed of light at Earth's surface):
299727738 meters/sec divided by 575044581326848 cycles/sec = 5.212252192837177e-07 meters => 5212 Ångstroms, which lies in the green band of the visible light spectrum.
Note: using the speed of light in air or the speed of light in a vacuum will yield slightly different results.
Thus, when we raise each note in middle audio octave by forty octaves we find its corresponding color harmonic. As shown in the chart below, the note "G" lies in the red area of the color spectrum. The note "A" raised forty octaves lies in the orange part of the spectrum. The note "B" lies in the lemon (yellow-green) part of the spectrum. The note "C" in the green band; the note "D" in the turquoise-blue band; and the note "E" lies in the violet band. Notice that the note "F" lies in the far violet area of the visible spectrum. This is near where the human eye range of color perception begins to drop off (although unique to each person). Also notice that the note F# lies even further from violet, in the near-UV (ultra-violet) area of the spectrum. Thus (when raised 39 octaves rather than forty octaves), it also it resides in the far-red (or near infra-red). Because of this, the note F# embraces the visible spectrum, and thus has some red and some violet, a combination that produces more of a purple color.
Piano Key Board and Guitar Fretboard in Color
Note: Translating the colors of visible light to a computer screen or to printed document is an approximation. Keep this in mind if you are using or printing the above chart for your personal use.
|Equal Temperament, Standard Pitch A=440 Hz|
|Middle Audio||+40 Octaves||Wavelength in Ångstroms|
|F# 369.995 Hz||406813254963167.2 Hz (+39)||7367.6984 Å (purple / red-violet)|
|G 391.996 Hz||431004160041680.9 Hz (+40)||6954.1727 Å (red )|
|G# 415.305 Hz||456632676573511.7 Hz||6563.8697 Å ( red-orange)|
|A 440.000 Hz||483785116221440 Hz||6195.4725 Å (orange)|
|A# 466.164||512552738450571.2 Hz||5847.7443 Å (yellow )|
|B 493.883 Hz||543030101260894.2 Hz||5519.5419 Å (lemon )|
|C 523.251 Hz||575044581326848 Hz||5212.2522 Å (green)|
|C# 554.365 Hz||609530763532042.2 Hz||4917.3521 Å ( green-tuquoise)|
|D 587.330 Hz||645776164341678.1 Hz||4641.3565 Å (blue )|
|D# 622.254||684175508430127.1||4380.8604 Å ( blue-indigo)|
|E 659.255 Hz||724858538169466.9||4134.9825 Å ( violet)|
|F 698.457 Hz||767961593001541.6||3902.9001 Å ( far violet)|
|F# 739.989||813626509926334.5 Hz (+40)||3683.8492 Å (purple / red-violet)|
The astrophysical parameters of a planet are, in part, that which create its astrological characteristic (psychophysiological resonance). An example chart of Earth's Harmonic Spectrum is presented below. Earth's astrophysical parameters are shown translated to their corresponding alpha brain wave frequencies, audio frequencies, and corresponding light (color) wavelengths.
The fundamental frequencies of a planet are derived from the planet's astrophysical parameters such as diameter, circumference, rotational velocity, orbital period, etc. These frequencies generally have very long wavelengths, thus they lie in the very low frequency (ELF) and ultra-low frequency (ULF) range. Planetary harmonics govern natural long-term biological growth patterns, monthly and yearly biological processes, and daily brain and psychophysiological function.
Like audible sound, brainwaves are measured in frequency, were as light is measured by its wavelength. The mid-audio octave is six octaves up from the alpha brain wave octave, and, as presented above, the visible octave of light (color) is 40 octaves up from the mid-audio octave.
When we think of a color of light, generally we are visualizing a narrow band of many frequencies (wavelengths) that comprise a single color or shade of color. In the chart shown above, the center frequency (wavelength) of each of the basic colors is shown, as well as their corresponding audio and brain wave frequencies. Also shown is the conventional musical scale, which reveals where each note lies with respect to the colors in the light spectrum.
The following chart shows the fundamental Earth harmonics in light, sound, and brain wave frequencies. All of these frequencies (and many more) create Earth's unique "Harmonic Signature."
"Spacial" astronomical parameters, such as the distance of a planet from the Sun or Earth, its diameter and circumference, to name a few, have harmonic resonances just like "time-related" parameters, like the orbital period of planet (its year); or its rotational period (its day). All of these parameters create a planet's complex "harmonic signature." That is why it makes little sense to say a planet resonates with one specific frequency. The harmonic signatures of all of the planets in our solar system, as well as a myriad of ever-changing resonances occurring between the planets, as well as those created by their ever-changing cycles with each other, create our Solar System's Grand Evolutionary Symphony in which all life on Earth evolves. This is the "harmonic environment" in which every biological rhythm breathes.
The 7.83 Hz. Schumann Resonance figure that many people hear about is a number made popular by researcher Robert Beck whose work on ELF signals, Earth resonances, and their affect on brain wave frequencies was presented at a U.S. Psychotronic conference and published in late 1970's. He reported that 7.83 Hz is a brainwave frequency often detected when psychics are in their intuiting mode. Others following his work proclaimed the Schumann Resonance to be 7.83 Hz., although this has led to some confusion as to the true nature of the Schumann Resonances (yes plural), and to the assumption that Earth herself resonates at this one frequency, which it does not.
In actuality, there are several frequencies between 7 and 50 Hertz that compose the Schumann Resonances. These frequencies start at 7.8 Hz and progress by approximately 5.9 Hz. (7.8, 13.7, 19.6, 25.5, 31.4, 37.3, and 43.2 Hz.). These resonances are NOT composed of fixed or specific frequencies any more than the collective mood of human surface consciousness is fixed. Changes occurring in these frequencies are quite normal and do not indicate anything out of the ordinary. All of these frequencies fluctuate around their nominal values. For example, the fundamental Schumann frequency fluctuates between 7.0 Hz. to 8.5 Hz. These frequencies vary from geological location to location, and they can even have naturally occurring interruptions.
These frequencies were first calculated by Schumann in 1952, he reporting the lowest in the group to be about 10 Hz. They were later measured by the National Bureau of Standards at Boulder Colorado in the 1960's where the 7.8 Hz nominal figure was discovered along with the 5.9 Hz progressing overtones.
The Schumann Resonances are the result of cosmic energy build-up within the cavity that exists between Earth's highly conductive surface and the conducting layer in the upper atmosphere called the ionosphere.* This creates a world-wide lightning display of broadband electromagnetic impulses that fill this cavity and that act as the stimulus for the cavity to resonate. (This is another example of spatially created harmonic resonances.)
* A part of Earth's upper atmosphere is ionized
plasma caused by the sun's ultraviolet radiation.
This layer, the ionosphere, couples Earth's outer magnetosphere with Earth's inner neutral atmosphere.
The Schumann Resonances, thus, are also a part of the many frequencies that create Earth's "Harmonic Signature."
The 7.8 Hz. Schumann fundamental frequency is quite close to Earth's 7.5 Hz. circumference harmonic (calculated using the speed of light at Earth's surface). It is also close to 8 Hz., an ideal number from a mathematical perspective. Because of all of these factors, the 7.83 Hz. frequency, the 7.8 Schumann Resonance or an 8 Hz. frequency, had been proclaimed by some to be an ideal frequency to attune to, and that to electronically generate a frequency in this range may even protect us from unwanted harmful frequencies--a point upon which I, any many others, tend to differ and which I elucidate upon in the "Light and Sound for Healing" section below.
To support our greatest well being, and to make possible our evolution and spiritual awakening, we must allow ourselves (and our brainwave patterns) to breath in concert with mother Earth and with her natural cycles moment-to-moment. The Earth is a spherical receiver of cosmic energy (evolutionary intelligence) which directs our biological process and spiritual evolutionary unfoldment. The Earth re-radiates the cosmic information it receives from its core outward in complex long-wave signals. We receive these signals via our spinal columns and cranial structures (a vertical antenna system). The cranial cavity, the capstone to this antenna captures this information and re-focuses it to the pineal gland, a neuro-endocrine transducer in the center of the brain, where it is then transmitted (via the hypothalamus) as signals that direct the pituitary gland, the master control center of the brain. These signals are further distributed via the rest of the neurological sytem.
Signals in nature breath and meander. Only man-made signals are well-defined sign-wave frequencies. It is possible to entrain the brain with artificially generated signals in a matter of seconds--and at a cost. We are not intended to function at one specific frequency. Entraining ourselves with artificially generated frequencies for extended periods, whether 8 Hz or by the 50 and 60 Hz power fields we live in, can be debilitating and is dangerous. It can create degeneration, disease, and mental, emotional, and physical disharmony and imbalance. Most importantly, it can keep us from receiving and integrating the cosmic intelligence provided by mother Earth in a harmonious way. That intelligence is responsible for our evolutionary awakening. It is more important now than ever to be attuned to Earth's core, and the natural cycles of nature, our entire astronomical harmonic environment, for our psychophysiological stability and spiritual awakening.
There has also been rumor circulating in some esoteric circles about the 7.8 Hz. Schumann frequency increasing and that this implies a raising of the awareness or spirituality of human consciousness. In my opinion, both points are nonsense built upon misunderstandings about the fluctuating and multi-frequency nature of the Schumann Resonances and about the nature of frequencies in general. Even if it were true (which would require a significant change in the physical size of the Earth or in her surrounding atmosphere), an increase in frequency does not imply an increase in awareness--on the contrary if anything. From a philosophical perspective, if one were to extend their field of perception out to embrace more space, one would be relaxing their brainwave patterns toward a longer wavelength, toward zero, not increasing their brainwave frequencies. When people say, they are increasing in frequency, or increasing their vibrational rate, and they are referring to shifting from a material form to a light form, or to a more transcendent dimensional form, these terms (used to describe frequencies in the electromagnetic spectrum) are really inappropriately applied. They are implying general concepts of thought only and should be understood as such.
Although there are many other parameters creating each planet's "harmonic signature," the following chart is a comparison of the four basic parameters of each of the primary planets: rotation and sidereal period (time), and circumference and diameter (space). Corresponding brain wave frequencies, middle octave audio frequencies, and light wavelengths are shown for each planetary parameter.
Notice the close resonance between Jupiter's circumference harmonic and Pluto's circumference harmonic, and between Jupiter's diameter harmonic and Pluto's diameter harmonic. Astrologically, Jupiter and Pluto work well together, this being one indicator of why this is so. The same holds true for Pluto and Mercury. Many interesting correspondences can be found when exploring planetary harmonics. Another example is the close resonance between Mercury's rotation harmonic, and Neptune's sidereal period harmonic. An in-depth presentation of this ressearch and work which I began in the mid-1980s, I may publish in the future.
The following material reveals how to adjust the pitch of the conventional musical scale so it resonates to different planetary harmonics--in this case, Earth or Venus. Composing music in a pitch resonant to Venus, for example, can bring out an entirely new expression and an entirely new response from the listener.
The following two charts show musical octaves adjusted to the planetary harmonics of Earth and Venus. The first chart is more educational in nature. It shows the conventional musical scale, the Pythagorean musical scale, and a musical scale shifted to resonate with Earth's mean circumference.
The Pythagorean musical scale is simply based on whole number progression of 8 Hertz as the fundamental frequency to create the note "C." That is, 8 Hz. raised 6 octaves is 512 Hz. This drops the pitch of the conventional musical scale--from middle C being 523 Hz. to middle C being 512 Hz. Eight hertz is very close to the Schumann Resonance of 7.8 Hz.
The musical scale based on Earth's circumference drops middle C yet further, down to 479.104 Hz.
There are five scales in the chart below. The first one shows the conventional musical scale. Each of the other four are shifted in pitch to resonate with four different harmonic parameters of Venus.
The scale based on the circumference of Venus has the note "C" adjusted to this harmonic. The scale based on the diameter of Venus has the note "G" adjusted to this harmonic. The scale based on the rotation of Venus also has the note "G" adjusted to this harmonic. The scale based on the sidereal (orbital) period of Venus has the note "A" adjusted to this harmonic.
This last scale may be the easiest for musicians to explore for reasons discussed below. This scale raises the note "A" from the conventional 440 Hz. to 442.38 Hz. To compose music in this slightly higher pitch can provide a quite interesting experience. Because "A" is the primary note in this scale (resonant to the Venus sidereal period), it may be of interest to explore composition in the key of A, or with emphasis on A.
Obviously it is not possible to change the pitch on all musical instruments, but the pitch can be changed slightly on some reed and string instruments, and on some synthesizers. Because the pitch is shifted the least amount based upon the Venus Sidereal Period, it may be the easiest one for most musical instruments to easily accommodate.
More sophisticated synthesizers may provide the capacity to vary the pitch to accommodate the other scales, and some may even offer the ability to program the frequency of each note individually (which provides a means to create non-conventional scales with the planetary harmonics). Either way, there is the need to have a frequency readout of at least one note to adjust the pitch control of the synthesizer. If a synth does not have this feature, it is simple to connect a "digital frequency counter" for this purpose. (Ask your local electronics' wiz to help). To adjust an acoustic instrument, simply use a microphone (and amp if required) fed into a "digital frequency counter."
There are many ways to explore the use of Planetary Harmonics. Applying them in musical composition is a safe approach. However, caution should be exercised if using any electronically generated frequency for a sustained period.
My exploratory research in the 1980's using specific colors, sound, and geometry tuned to the planetary harmonics was extremely affective at stimulating mental, emotional, and physical response for healing purposes. The different harmonic parameters of one planet also have different effects as well (too involved to discuss in this introductory presentation). The use of specific frequencies in this more focused way should be explored only by those who have a thorough understanding of bio-energy medicine; light-sound technologies; mental, emotional, and physiological correspondences; and the "healing crisis" process.
Because of the entraining capacity of single electronically generated frequencies (as described under "Schumann Resonances"), if they are used for sustained periods, they can trigger and hold a person in any number of psycho-emotional states. For example, specific frequencies can trigger or accentuate any "condition of weakness." If a person has a thyroid condition and suppressed anger, certain frequencies may trigger this condition and enrage the person. If a person has a thymus (heart chakra) immune weakness and suppressed fear, sustained man-made frequencies can trigger and hold that person in extreme paranoia. (This type of entrainment already occurs due to the 50 and 60 Hertz electromagnetic fields people live in daily and the electronic devices they live with--including TV's and computers.) For this reason, and when using frequencies for healing purposes, specific frequencies (especially in coordinated color and sound), should be used in sequences or progressions designed to bring a person completely through a healing crisis rather than simply trigger the condition, or worse yet, sustain it.
Although the use of individual frequencies might be used for healing, brain and body coaching, etc. the healthy brain and body functions in wide bandwidth of naturally occurring resonances, not at some idealized frequency.
Remember, living in a pure and unadulterated environment free of entraining frequencies, attuned to Earth, the lunar rhythms, and to the other natural astronomical cycles of life, is one of the healthiest things a person can do.
The use of any of the information presented herein
and any effects or conditions
it may produce is the sole responsibility of the user.
This material is offered for research and educational purposes only.
At first sight there seems to be little rhyme or reason to this system, but a closer look will reveal some interesting correspondences:
Distance in Semitones from Vulcan
|Mercury||one down (-)|
|Venus||two up (+)|
|Mars||three down (-)|
|Jupiter||four up (+|
|Saturn||five down (-)|
Distance in Semitones from Earth
|Uranus||five up (+)|
|Neptune||four down (-)|
|Pluto||three up (+)|
|Adonis||two down (-)|
|Chronos||one up (+)|
|Saturn||6708 A||204||Theta||6||Deep Orange|
|Earth||5690 A||240||Theta||7.4||Yellow Green|
|Neptune||5520 A||247||Theta||7.7||Lime Green|
|Saturn||3354 A||407 hz||Beta||12.7||Ultra-violet (black)|
Colors here to do not match standard colors associated with planets
|Planet||Light wavelength in A||Audio frequency hz||Brain wave name||Brain wave Frequency||Closest Color|
|Jupiter||7428 A||183 hz||Theta||5.9||Infra- red|
|Neptune||6446 A||211||Theta||6.6||Deep Orange|
|Jupiter||3714 A||367 hz||Alpha||11||Ultra Violet|
The conventional musical scale is the first one in the chart above. Each of the other four are shifted in pitch to resonate with four different harmonic parameters of Venus.
This last scale may be the easiest for musicians to explore for reasons discussed below. This scale raises the note "A" from the conventional 440 Hz. to 442.38 Hz. To compose music in this slightly higher pitch can provide a quite interesting experience. Because "A" is the note in this scale that is resonant to the Venus sidereal period, it may be of interest to explore composition in the key of A.
Just as a tuning fork has natural frequencies for sound,
the planet Earth has natural frequencies,
called Schumann resonances,
for electromagnetic radiation.
The Human Brain also has natural frequencies
for electromagnetic radiation.
It turns out that the Earth's Schumann resonances are
"in tune" with the Human Brains's Alpha States and Theta States.
In physics, resonance is the tendency of a system to oscillate at a greater amplitude at some frequencies than at others. These are known as the system's resonant frequencies (or resonance frequencies). At these frequencies, even small periodic driving forces can produce large amplitude oscillations, because the system stores vibrational energy.
Resonance occurs when a system is able to store and easily transfer energy between two or more different storage modes (such as kinetic energy and potential energy in the case of a pendulum). However, there are some losses from cycle to cycle, called damping. When damping is small, the resonant frequency is approximately equal to the natural frequency of the system, which is a frequency of unforced vibrations. Some systems have multiple, distinct, resonant frequencies.
Resonance phenomena occur with all types of vibrations or waves: there is mechanical resonance, acoustic resonance, electromagnetic resonance, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), electron spin resonance (ESR) and resonance of quantum wave functions. Resonant systems can be used to generate vibrations at a specific frequency (e.g. musical instruments), or pick out specific frequencies from a complex vibration containing many frequencies (e.g. filters).
Resonance occurs widely in nature, and is exploited in many man-made devices. It is the mechanism by which virtually all sinusoidal waves and vibrations are generated. Many sounds we hear, such as when hard objects of metal, glass, or wood are struck, are caused by brief resonant vibrations in the object. Light and other short wavelength electromagnetic radiation is produced by resonance on an atomic scale, such as electrons in atoms. Other examples are:
Atomic, particle, and molecular resonance
The exact response of a resonance, especially for frequencies far from the resonant frequency, depends on the details of the physical system, and is usually not exactly symmetric about the resonant frequency, as illustrated for the simple harmonic oscillator above. For a lightly damped linear oscillator with a resonant frequency Ω, the intensity of oscillations I when the system is driven with a driving frequency ω is typically approximated by a formula that is symmetric about the resonant frequency:
The intensity is defined as the square of the amplitude of the oscillations. This is a Lorentzian function, and this response is found in many physical situations involving resonant systems. Γ is a parameter dependent on the damping of the oscillator, and is known as the linewidth of the resonance. Heavily damped oscillators tend to have broad linewidths, and respond to a wider range of driving frequencies around the resonant frequency. The linewidth is inversely proportional to the Q factor, which is a measure of the sharpness of the resonance.
In electrical engineering, this approximate symmetric response is known as the universal resonance curve, a concept introduced by Frederick E. Terman in 1932 to simplify the approximate analysis of radio circuits with a range of center frequencies and Q values.
A physical system can have as many resonant frequencies as it has degrees of freedom; each degree of freedom can vibrate as a harmonic oscillator. Systems with one degree of freedom, such as a mass on a spring, pendulums, balance wheels, and LC tuned circuits have one resonant frequency. Systems with two degrees of freedom, such as coupled pendulums and resonant transformers can have two resonant frequencies. As the number of coupled harmonic oscillators grows, the time it takes to transfer energy from one to the next becomes significant. The vibrations in them begin to travel through the coupled harmonic oscillators in waves, from one oscillator to the next.
Extended objects that experience resonance due to vibrations inside them are called resonators, such as organ pipes, vibrating strings, quartz crystals, microwave cavities, and laser rods. Since these can be viewed as being made of millions of coupled moving parts (such as atoms), they can have millions of resonant frequencies. The vibrations inside them travel as waves, at an approximately constant velocity, bouncing back and forth between the sides of the resonator. If the distance between the sides is , the length of a round trip is . In order to cause resonance, the phase of a sinusoidal wave after a round trip has to be equal to the initial phase, so the waves will reinforce. So the condition for resonance in a resonator is that the round trip distance, , be equal to an integer number of wavelengths of the wave:
If the velocity of a wave is , the frequency is so the resonant frequencies are:
So the resonant frequencies of resonators, called normal modes, are equally spaced multiples of a lowest frequency called the fundamental frequency. The multiples are often called overtones. There may be several such series of resonant frequencies, corresponding to different modes of vibration.
The quality factor or Q factor is a dimensionless parameter that describes how under-damped an oscillator or resonator is, or equivalently, characterizes a resonator's bandwidth relative to its center frequency. Higher Q indicates a lower rate of energy loss relative to the stored energy of the oscillator, i.e. the oscillations die out more slowly. A pendulum suspended from a high-quality bearing, oscillating in air, has a high Q, while a pendulum immersed in oil has a low Q. Oscillators with high quality factors have low damping which tends to make them ring longer.
Sinusoidally driven resonators having higher Q factors resonate with greater amplitudes (at the resonant frequency) but have a smaller range of frequencies around the frequency at which they resonate. The range of frequencies at which the oscillator resonates is called the bandwidth. Thus, a high Q tuned circuit in a radio receiver would be more difficult to tune, but would have greater selectivity, it would do a better job of filtering out signals from other stations that lie nearby on the spectrum. High Q oscillators operate over a smaller range of frequencies and are more stable. (See oscillator phase noise.)
The quality factor of oscillators vary substantially from system to system. Systems for which damping is important (such as dampers keeping a door from slamming shut) have Q = ½. Clocks, lasers, and other systems that need either strong resonance or high frequency stability need high quality factors. Tuning forks have quality factors around Q = 1000. The quality factor of atomic clocks and some high-Q lasers can reach as high as 1011 and higher.
There are many alternate quantities used by physicists and engineers to describe how damped an oscillator is that are closely related to its quality factor. Important examples include: the damping ratio, relative bandwidth, linewidth and bandwidth measured in octaves.
Mechanical resonance is the tendency of a mechanical system to absorb more energy when the frequency of its oscillations matches the system's natural frequency of vibration than it does at other frequencies. It may cause violent swaying motions and even catastrophic failure in improperly constructed structures including bridges, buildings, trains, and aircraft. When designing objects, Engineers must ensure the mechanical resonant frequencies of the component parts do not match driving vibrational frequencies of motors or other oscillating parts, a phenomenon known as resonance disaster.
Avoiding resonance disasters is a major concern in every building, tower and bridge construction project. As a countermeasure, shock mounts can be installed to absorb resonant frequencies and thus dissipate the absorbed energy. The Taipei 101 building relies on a 660-tonne pendulum (730-short-ton) — a tuned mass damper — to cancel resonance. Furthermore, the structure is designed to resonate at a frequency which does not typically occur. Buildings in seismic zones are often constructed to take into account the oscillating frequencies of expected ground motion. In addition, engineers designing objects having engines must ensure that the mechanical resonant frequencies of the component parts do not match driving vibrational frequencies of the motors or other strongly oscillating parts.
Acoustic resonance is a branch of mechanical resonance that is concerned with the mechanical vibrations across the frequency range of human hearing, in other words sound. For humans, hearing is normally limited to frequencies between about 20 Hz and 20,000 Hz (20 kHz),
Acoustic resonance is an important consideration for instrument builders, as most acoustic instruments use resonators, such as the strings and body of a violin, the length of tube in a flute, and the shape of, and tension on, a drum membrane.
Like mechanical resonance, acoustic resonance can result in catastrophic failure of the object at resonance. The classic example of this is breaking a wine glass with sound at the precise resonant frequency of the glass, although this is difficult in practice.
Electrical resonance occurs in an electric circuit at a particular resonant frequency when the impedance of the circuit is at a minimum in a series circuit or at maximum in a parallel circuit (or when the transfer function is at a maximum).
An optical cavity or optical resonator is an arrangement of mirrors that forms a standing wave cavity resonator for light waves. Optical cavities are a major component of lasers, surrounding the gain medium and providing feedback of the laser light. They are also used in optical parametric oscillators and some interferometers. Light confined in the cavity reflects multiple times producing standing waves for certain resonant frequencies. The standing wave patterns produced are called modes. Longitudinal modes differ only in frequency while transverse modes differ for different frequencies and have different intensity patterns across the cross section of the beam. Ring resonators and whispering galleries are examples of optical resonators that do not form standing waves.
Different resonator types are distinguished by the focal lengths of the two mirrors and the distance between them. (Flat mirrors are not often used because of the difficulty of aligning them precisely.) The geometry (resonator type) must be chosen so the beam remains stable, i.e. the beam size does not continue to grow with each reflection. Resonator types are also designed to meet other criteria such as minimum beam waist or having no focal point (and therefore intense light at that point) inside the cavity.
Optical cavities are designed to have a very large Q factor; a beam will reflect a very large number of times with little attenuation. Therefore the frequency line width of the beam is very small compared to the frequency of the laser.
Additional optical resonances are guided-mode resonances and surface plasmon resonance, which result in anomalus reflection and high evanescent fields at resonance. In this case, the resonant modes are guided modes of a waveguide or surface plasmon modes of a dielectric-metallic interface. These modes are usually excited by a subwavelength grating.
In celestial mechanics, an orbital resonance occurs when two orbiting bodies exert a regular, periodic gravitational influence on each other, usually due to their orbital periods being related by a ratio of two small integers. Orbital resonances greatly enhance the mutual gravitational influence of the bodies. In most cases, this results in an unstable interaction, in which the bodies exchange momentum and shift orbits until the resonance no longer exists. Under some circumstances, a resonant system can be stable and self correcting, so that the bodies remain in resonance. Examples are the 1:2:4 resonance of Jupiter's moons Ganymede, Europa, and Io, and the 2:3 resonance between Pluto and Neptune. Unstable resonances with Saturn's inner moons give rise to gaps in the rings of Saturn. The special case of 1:1 resonance (between bodies with similar orbital radii) causes large Solar System bodies to clear the neighborhood around their orbits by ejecting nearly everything else around them; this effect is used in the current definition of a planet.
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is the name given to a physical resonance phenomenon involving the observation of specific quantum mechanical magnetic properties of an atomic nucleus in the presence of an applied, external magnetic field. Many scientific techniques exploit NMR phenomena to study molecular physics, crystals and non-crystalline materials through NMR spectroscopy. NMR is also routinely used in advanced medical imaging techniques, such as in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
All nuclei containing odd numbers of nucleons have an intrinsic magnetic moment and angular momentum. A key feature of NMR is that the resonant frequency of a particular substance is directly proportional to the strength of the applied magnetic field. It is this feature that is exploited in imaging techniques; if a sample is placed in a non-uniform magnetic field then the resonant frequencies of the sample's nuclei depend on where in the field they are located. Therefore, the particle can be located quite precisely by its resonant frequency.
Electron paramagnetic resonance, otherwise known as Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) is a spectroscopic technique similar to NMR, but uses unpaired electrons instead. Materials for which this can be applied are much more limited since the material needs to both have an unpaired spin and be paramagnetic.
Resonance (particle physics): In quantum mechanics and quantum field theory resonances may appear in similar circumstances to classical physics. However, they can also be thought of as unstable particles, with the formula above valid if the Γ is the decay rate and Ω replaced by the particle's mass M. In that case, the formula comes from the particle's propagator, with its mass replaced by the complex number M + iΓ. The formula is further related to the particle's decay rate by the optical theorem.
The dramatically visible, rhythmic twisting that resulted in the 1940 collapse of "Galloping Gertie," the original Tacoma Narrows Bridge, has sometimes been characterized in physics textbooks as a classical example of resonance. However, this description is misleading. The catastrophic vibrations that destroyed the bridge were not due to simple mechanical resonance, but to a more complicated interaction between the bridge and the winds passing through it — a phenomenon known as aeroelastic flutter. Robert H. Scanlan, father of bridge aerodynamics, has written an article about this misunderstanding.
The rocket engines for the International Space Station are controlled by autopilot. Ordinarily the uploaded parameters for controlling the engine control system for the Zvezda module will cause the rocket engines to boost the International Space Station to a higher orbit. The rocket engines are hinge-mounted, and ordinarily the operation is not noticed by the crew. But on January 14, 2009, the uploaded parameters caused the autopilot to swing the rocket engines in larger and larger oscillations, at a frequency of 0.5 Hz. These oscillations were captured on video, and lasted for 142 seconds.
This global electromagnetic resonance phenomenon is named after physicist Winfried Otto Schumann who predicted it mathematically in 1952. Schumann resonances occur because the space between the surface of the Earth and the conductive ionosphere acts as a closed waveguide. The limited dimensions of the Earth cause this waveguide to act as a resonant cavity for electromagnetic waves in the ELF band. The cavity is naturally excited by electric currents in lightning. Schumann resonances are the principal background in the electromagnetic spectrum beginning at 3 Hz and extend to 60 Hz, and appear as distinct peaks at extremely low frequencies (ELF) around 7.83 (fundamental), 14.3, 20.8, 27.3 and 33.8 Hz.
In the normal mode descriptions of Schumann resonances, the fundamental mode is a standing wave in the Earth–ionosphere cavity with a wavelength equal to the circumference of the Earth. This lowest-frequency (and highest-intensity) mode of the Schumann resonance occurs at a frequency of approximately 7.83 Hz, but this frequency can vary slightly from a variety of factors, such as solar-induced perturbations to the ionosphere, which comprises the upper wall of the closed cavity. The higher resonance modes are spaced at approximately 6.5 Hz intervals, a characteristic attributed to the atmosphere's spherical geometry. The peaks exhibit a spectral width of approximately 20% on account of the damping of the respective modes in the dissipative cavity. The eighth overtone lies at approximately 59.9 Hz.
Observations of Schumann resonances have been used to track global lightning activity. Owing to the connection between lightning activity and the Earth's climate it has been suggested that they may also be used to monitor global temperature variations and variations of water vapor in the upper troposphere. It has been speculated that extraterrestrial lightning (on other planets) may also be detected and studied by means of their Schumann resonance signatures. Schumann resonances have been used to study the lower ionosphere on Earth and it has been suggested as one way to explore the lower ionosphere on celestial bodies. Effects on Schumann resonances have been reported following geomagnetic and ionospheric disturbances. More recently, discrete Schumann resonance excitations have been linked to transient luminous events – sprites, elves, jets, and other upper-atmospheric lightning. A new field of interest using Schumann resonances is related to short-term earthquake prediction.
The first documented observations of global electromagnetic resonance were made by Nikola Tesla at his Colorado Springs laboratory in 1899. This observation led to certain peculiar conclusions about the electrical properties of the earth, and which made the basis for his idea for wireless energy transmission.
Tesla researched ways to transmit power and energy wirelessly over long distances (via transverse waves, to a lesser extent, and, more readily, longitudinal waves). He transmitted extremely low frequencies through the ground as well as between the Earth's surface and the Kennelly-Heaviside layer. He received patents on wireless transceivers that developed standing waves by this method. Making mathematical calculations based on his experiments, Tesla discovered that the resonant frequency of the Earth was approximately 8 hertz (Hz). In the 1950s, researchers confirmed that the resonant frequency of the Earth's ionospheric cavity was in this range (later named the Schumann resonance).
The first suggestion that an ionosphere existed, capable of trapping electromagnetic waves, was made by Heaviside and Kennelly in 1902. It took another twenty years before Edward Appleton and Barnett in 1925, were able to prove experimentally the existence of the ionosphere.
Although some of the most important mathematical tools for dealing with spherical waveguides were developed by G. N. Watson in 1918, it was Winfried Otto Schumann who first studied the theoretical aspects of the global resonances of the earth–ionosphere waveguide system, known today as the Schumann resonances. In 1952–1954 Schumann, together with H. L. König, attempted to measure the resonant frequencies. However, it was not until measurements made by Balser and Wagner in 1960–1963 that adequate analysis techniques were available to extract the resonance information from the background noise. Since then there has been an increasing interest in Schumann resonances in a wide variety of fields.
Today Schumann resonances are recorded at many separate research stations around the world. The sensors used to measure Schumann resonances typically consist of two horizontal magnetic induction coils for measuring the north-south and east-west components of the magnetic field, and a vertical electric dipole antenna for measuring the vertical component of the electric field. A typical passband of the instruments is 3–100 Hz. The Schumann resonance electric field amplitude (~300 microvolts per meter) is much smaller than the static fair-weather electric field (~150 V/m) in the atmosphere. Similarly, the amplitude of the Schumann resonance magnetic field (~1 picotesla) is many orders of magnitude smaller than the Earth magnetic field (~30–50 microteslas). Specialized receivers and antennas are needed to detect and record Schumann resonances. The electric component is commonly measured with a ball antenna, suggested by Ogawa et al., in 1966, connected to a high-impedance amplifier. The magnetic induction coils typically consist of tens- to hundreds-of-thousands of turns of wire wound around a core of very high magnetic permeability.
From the very beginning of Schumann resonance studies, it was known that they could be used to monitor global lightning activity. At any given time there are about 2000 thunderstorms around the globe. Producing ~50 lightning events per second, these thunderstorms create the background Schumann resonance signal.
Determining the spatial lightning distribution from Schumann resonance records is a complex problem: in order to estimate the lightning intensity from Schumann resonance records it is necessary to account for both the distance to lightning sources as well as the wave propagation between the source and the observer. The common approach is to make a preliminary assumption on the spatial lightning distribution, based on the known properties of lightning climatology. An alternative approach is placing the receiver at the North or South Pole, which remain approximately equidistant from the main thunderstorm centers during the day. One method not requiring preliminary assumptions on the lightning distribution is based on the decomposition of the average background Schumann resonance spectra, utilizing ratios between the average electric and magnetic spectra and between their linear combination. This technique assumes the cavity is spherically symmetric and therefore does not include known cavity asymmetries that are believed to affect the resonance and propagation properties of electromagnetic waves in the system.
The best documented and the most debated features of the Schumann resonance phenomenon are the diurnal variations of the background Schumann resonance power spectrum.
A characteristic Schumann resonance diurnal record reflects the properties of both global lightning activity and the state of the Earth–ionosphere cavity between the source region and the observer. The vertical electric field is independent of the direction of the source relative to the observer, and is therefore a measure of global lightning. The diurnal behavior of the vertical electric field shows three distinct maxima, associated with the three “hot spots” of planetary lightning activity: 9 UT (Universal Time) peak, linked to the increased thunderstorm activity from south-east Asia; 14 UT peak associated with the peak in African lightning activity; and the 20 UT peak resulting for the increase in lightning activity in South America. The time and amplitude of the peaks vary throughout the year, reflecting the seasonal changes in lightning activity.
In general, the African peak is the strongest, reflecting the major contribution of the African “chimney” to the global lightning activity. The ranking of the two other peaks – Asian and American – is the subject of a vigorous dispute among Schumann resonance scientists. Schumann resonance observations made from Europe show a greater contribution from Asia than from South America. This contradicts optical satellite and climatological lightning data that show the South American thunderstorm center stronger than the Asian center., although observations made from North America indicate the dominant contribution comes from South America. The reason for such disparity remains unclear, but may have something to do with the 60 Hz cycling of electricity used in North America (60 Hz being a mode of Schumann Resonance). Williams and Sátori suggest that in order to obtain “correct” Asia-America chimney ranking, it is necessary to remove the influence of the day/night variations in the ionospheric conductivity (day-night asymmetry influence) from the Schumann resonance records. On the other hand, such “corrected” records presented in the work by Sátori et al. show that even after the removal of the day-night asymmetry influence from Schumann resonance records, the Asian contribution remains greater than American. Similar results were obtained by Pechony et al. who calculated Schumann resonance fields from satellite lightning data. It was assumed that the distribution of lightning in the satellite maps was a good proxy for Schumann excitations sources, even though satellite observations predominantly measure in-cloud lightning rather than the cloud-to-ground lightning that are the primary exciters of the resonances. Both simulations – those neglecting the day-night asymmetry, and those taking this asymmetry into account, showed same Asia-America chimney ranking. As for today, the reason for the “invert” ranking of Asia and America chimneys in Schumann resonance records remains unclear and the subject requires further, targeted research.
In the early literature the observed diurnal variations of Schumann resonance power were explained by the variations in the source-receiver (lightning-observer) geometry. It was concluded that no particular systematic variations of the ionosphere (which serves as the upper waveguide boundary) are needed to explain these variations. Subsequent theoretical studies supported the early estimations of the small influence of the ionosphere day-night asymmetry (difference between day-side and night-side ionosphere conductivity) on the observed variations in Schumann resonance field intensities.
The interest in the influence of the day-night asymmetry in the ionosphere conductivity on Schumann resonances gained new strength in the 1990s, after publication of a work by Sentman and Fraser. Sentman and Fraser developed a technique to separate the global and the local contributions to the observed field power variations using records obtained simultaneously at two stations that were widely separated in longitude. They interpreted the diurnal variations observed at each station in terms of a combination of a diurnally varying global excitation modulated by the local ionosphere height. Their work, which combined both observations and energy conservation arguments, convinced many scientists of the importance of the ionospheric day-night asymmetry and inspired numerous experimental studies. However, recently it was shown that results obtained by Sentman and Fraser can be approximately simulated with a uniform model (without taking into account ionosphere day-night variation) and therefore cannot be uniquely interpreted solely in terms of ionosphere height variation.
Schumann resonance amplitude records show significant diurnal and seasonal variations which in general coincide in time with the times of the day-night transition (the terminator). This time-matching seems to support the suggestion of a significant influence of the day-night ionosphere asymmetry on Schumann resonance amplitudes. There are records showing almost clock-like accuracy of the diurnal amplitude changes. On the other hand there are numerous days when Schumann Resonance amplitudes do not increase at sunrise or do not decrease at sunset. There are studies showing that the general behavior of Schumann resonance amplitude records can be recreated from diurnal and seasonal thunderstorm migration, without invoking ionospheric variations. Two recent independent theoretical studies have shown that the variations in Schumann resonance power related to the day-night transition are much smaller than those associated with the peaks of the global lightning activity, and therefore the global lightning activity plays a more important role in the variation of the Schumann resonance power.
It is generally acknowledged that source-observer effects are the dominant source of the observed diurnal variations, but there remains considerable controversy about the degree to which day-night signatures are present in the data. Part of this controversy stems from the fact that the Schumann resonance parameters extractable from observations provide only a limited amount of information about the coupled lightning source-ionospheric system geometry. The problem of inverting observations to simultaneously infer both the lightning source function and ionospheric structure is therefore extremely underdetermined, leading to the possibility of nonunique interpretations.
One of the interesting problems in Schumann resonances studies is determining the lightning source characteristics (the “inverse problem”). Temporally resolving each individual flash is impossible because the mean rate of excitation by lightning, ~50 lightning events per second globally, mixes up the individual contributions together. However, occasionally there occur extremely large lightning flashes which produce distinctive signatures that stand out from the background signals. Called "Q-bursts", they are produced by intense lightning strikes that transfer large amounts of charge from clouds to the ground, and often carry high peak current. Q-bursts can exceed the amplitude of the background signal level by a factor of 10 or more, and appear with intervals of ~10 s, which allows to consider them as isolated events and determine the source lightning location. The source location is determined with either multi-station or single-station techniques, and requires assuming a model for the Earth–ionosphere cavity. The multi-station techniques are more accurate, but require more complicated and expensive facilities.
It is now believed that many of the Schumann resonances transients (Q bursts) are related to the transient luminous events (TLEs). In 1995 Boccippio et al. showed that sprites, the most common TLE, are produced by positive cloud-to-ground lightning occurring in the stratiform region of a thunderstorm system, and are accompanied by Q-burst in the Schumann resonances band. Recent observations reveal that occurrences of sprites and Q bursts are highly correlated and Schumann resonances data can possibly be used to estimate the global occurrence rate of sprites.
Williams  suggested that global temperature may be monitored with the Schumann resonances. The link between Schumann resonance and temperature is lightning flash rate, which increases nonlinearly with temperature. The nonlinearity of the lightning-to-temperature relation provides a natural amplifier of the temperature changes and makes Schumann resonance a sensitive “thermometer”. Moreover, the ice particles that are believed to participate in the electrification processes which result in a lightning discharge have an important role in the radiative feedback effects that influence the atmosphere temperature. Schumann resonances may therefore help us to understand these feedback effects. A strong link between global lightning and global temperature has not been experimentally confirmed as of 2008.
Tropospheric water vapor is a key element of the Earth’s climate, which has direct effects as a greenhouse gas, as well as indirect effect through interaction with clouds, aerosols and tropospheric chemistry. Upper tropospheric water vapor (UTWV) has a much greater impact on the greenhouse effect than water vapor in the lower atmosphere, but whether this impact is a positive, or a negative feedback is still uncertain. The main challenge in addressing this question is the difficulty in monitoring UTWV globally over long timescales. Continental deep-convective thunderstorms produce most of the lightning discharges on Earth. In addition, they transport large amount of water vapor into the upper troposphere, dominating the variations of global UTWV. Price  suggested that changes in the UTWV can be derived from records of Schumann Resonances.
The existence of Schumann-like resonances is conditioned primarily by two factors: (1) a closed, planetary-sized spherical[dubious ] cavity, consisting of conducting lower and upper boundaries separated by an insulating medium. For the earth the conducting lower boundary is its surface, and the upper boundary is the ionosphere. Other planets may have similar electrical conductivity geometry, so it is speculated that they should possess similar resonant behavior. (2) source of electrical excitation of electromagnetic waves in the ELF range. Within the Solar System there are five candidates for Schumann resonance detection besides the Earth: Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn and its moon Titan.
Modeling Schumann resonances on the planets and moons of the Solar System is complicated by the lack of knowledge of the waveguide parameters. No in situ capability exists today to validate the results, but in the case of Mars there have been terrestrial observations of radio emission spectra that have been associated with Schumann resonances. The reported radio emissions are not of the primary electromagnetic Schumann modes, but rather of secondary modulations of the nonthermal microwave emissions from the planet at approximately the expected Schumann frequencies, and have not be independently confirmed to be associated with lightning activity at Mars. There is the possibility that future lander missions could carry in situ instrumentation to perform the necessary measurements. Theoretical studies are primarily directed to parameterizing the problem for future planetary explorers.
The strongest evidence for lightning on Venus comes from the impulsive electromagnetic waves detected by Venera 11 and 12 landers. Theoretical calculations of the Schumann resonances at Venus were reported by Nickolaenko and Rabinowicz  and Pechony and Price . Both studies yielded very close results, indicating that Schumann resonances should be easily detectable on that planet given a lightning source of excitation and a suitably located sensor.
On Mars detection of lightning activity has been reported by Ruf et al. . The evidence is indirect and in the form of modulations of the nonthermal microwave spectrum at approximately the expected Schumann resonance frequencies. It has not been independently confirmed that these are associated with electrical discharges on Mars. In the event confirmation is made by direct, in situ observations, it would verify the suggestion of the possibility of charge separation and lightning strokes in the Martian dust storms made by Eden and Vonnegut  and Renno et al. . Martian global resonances were modeled by Sukhorukov , Pechony and Price  and Molina-Cuberos et al. . The results of the three studies are somewhat different, but it seems that at least the first two Schumann resonance modes should be detectable. Evidence of the first three Schumann resonance modes is present in the spectra of radio emission from the lightning detected in Martian dust storms.
It was long ago suggested that lightning discharges may occur on Titan, but recent data from Cassini–Huygens seems to indicate that there is no lightning activity on this largest satellite of Saturn. Due to the recent interest in Titan, associated with the Cassini–Huygens mission, its ionosphere is perhaps the most thoroughly modeled today. Schumann resonances on Titan have received more attention than on any other celestial body, in works by Besser et al. , Morente et al. , Molina-Cuberos et al. , Nickolaenko et al.  and Pechony and Price . It appears that only the first Schumann resonance mode might be detectable on Titan.
Jupiter is the only planet where lightning activity has been optically detected. Existence of lightning activity on that planet was predicted by Bar-Nun  and it is now supported by data from Galileo, Voyagers 1 and 2, Pioneers 10 and 11 and Cassini. Saturn is also expected to have intensive lightning activity, but the three visiting spacecrafts – Pioneer 11 in 1979, Voyager 1 in 1980 and Voyager 2 in 1981, failed to provide any convincing evidence from optical observations. The strong storm monitored on Saturn by the Cassini spacecraft produced no visible lightning flashes, although electromagnetic sensors aboard the spacecraft detected signatures that are characteristic of lightning. Little is known about the electrical parameters of Jupiter and Saturn interior. Even the question of what should serve as the lower waveguide boundary is a non-trivial one in case of the gaseous planets. There seem to be no works dedicated to Schumann resonances on Saturn. To date there has been only one attempt to model Schumann resonances on Jupiter. Here, the electrical conductivity profile within the gaseous atmosphere of Jupiter was calculated using methods similar to those used to model stellar interiors, and it was pointed out that the same methods could be easily extended to the other gas giants Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Given the intense lightning activity at Jupiter, the Schumann resonances should be easily detectable with a sensor suitably positioned within the planetary-ionospheric cavity.
Interest in Schumann resonances extends beyond the domain of geophysics where it initially began, to the fields of bioenergetics and acupuncture. Critics[who?] claim that the studies that support these applications are inconclusive and that further studies are needed.
A small study in Japan found that blood pressure was lowered by the Schumann resonance, with the effects on human health needing to be investigated further.
ORBITS AND SPINS OF OUR PLANETS
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