6-13-10 - DREAM - I was living in the country
somewhere in a small house. My husband was apparently away on
business and I was afraid to stay alone for a protracted period of time,
so my cousin Judy came to stay with me and keep me company. (She
was my Dad's brother's daughter)
She and I got along fine, but she tended to stay in
her room a lot, and finally she came out and said she was lonely for her
family and wanted to go home to her mother.
I was very disappointed about that, and wondered how I
could send her home to her mother since I couldn't drive that far alone
- if I could drive at all.
So, I called her mother on the phone and she had a
similar voice to my deceased mother-in-law from my second marriage.
She was sad that her daughter couldn't stay longer, but said that I
could put her on the bus as the bus stopped right at her farm.
The mode of transportation being settled, I told Judy
she could go home on the bus, and that was okay with her as long as she
Before she went out the door, she signed her name on
the bulletin board in the kitchen. She wrote, "Mrs. Wilke".
That stunned me that she wrote that name down, and
puzzled me greatly, as I wonderred how she could sign that name, when it
really wasn't her name.
My brother John was there and his last name is Wilke,
and my name used to be Wilke before I got married, so I had to guess
that perhaps she was signing Wilke as her maiden name, and putting Mrs.
in front of it to show that she was also married. Doesn't
make sense, but it showed that she was family nevertheless.
So, John and I took Judy to the bus station, and after
the bus left, I saw that Judy had left behind a whole stack of notebooks
and papers on a small table by the wall of the bus station. I
picked them up to save them and then send them to her, but I couldn't
help but read one of the papers I thought was perhaps a dream she had
had while she was staying with me.
I started reading the paper, and it was no dream, it
was religious sermon of some kind, and I didn't un derstand the
commplexity of the words she used except that she said her experience
was that of the barley seed.
I put the paper down to take care of some other
paperwork. Apparently my husband had not been away on business -
he had been in jail, and they were letting him go because he was
I had all those papers with me as well, and went up to
the window of the bus station that doubled as the check out window of
When it was my turn, the word 'case' came up on a
little box, and the clerk at the window told me to sit down with the
paperwork and read it thoroughly so I understood it all while they
processed my husband out, and when he said that, he got a small smile on
his face - that at least one man was innocent of what he was accused of.
Whatever that was - I don't know.
NOTE: Since all of our parents are long
deceased, I don't know if that is implicated by this dream or not, since
I don't communicate with my cousin Judy all that often. She is
Mormon and lives in Utah, and I live in California. I haven't seen
Judy's parents since I was a kid when we all lived in Milwaukee.
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES IN ALMA CHAPTER 11:
The Weights, measures, and monetary systems of
the Nephites are unusual. Are they just arbitrary imagined systems or do
they have historical reality? It will be interesting to compare those
systems with those of Elephantine, the Jews, some eight Semitic
civilizations, and elsewhere. The system as recorded in the Book of
Mormon is not a continuation of the system known in the Old Testament.
The Book of Mormon makes it clear that their systems, particularly the
monetary systems were different from that of Jerusalem. (Alma 11:4) One
might also note that the word for "coin" is absent from the Book of
Mormon. There must be an important underlining reason for the
inclusion on the gold plates by Mormon of the detail found in the first
half of Chapter 11 of Alma. We learn from the Book of Alma:
"Now these are the names of the different pieces of
their gold, and of their silver, according to their value. And the names
are given by the Nephites, for they did not
of the Jews
who were at Jerusalem;
neither did they measure
after the manner of the Jew; but they
and their measure,
according to the minds and the circumstances of the people, in every
generation, until the reign of the Judges, they have been established by
King Mosiah. Now the reckoning is thus - a
gold, a seon
of gold, a shum
of gold, and a limnah
of gold. A senum
of silver, an amnor
of silver, an ezrom
of silver, and an onti
of silver. A senum
of silver was equal to a sinine
of gold, and either for a measure
of barley." (Alma 11:4-7) Note the emphasis on "either
for a measure
of barley." What is a measure of barley?
Gold and silver, the universal precious metals
are linked here with barely, just as they are in ancient systems. "The
Nephite system of weights and measures at the time of Mosiah is
specifically outlined in Alma 11:5-19, presumably to underscore the
moderate value of a bribe that Zeezrom offered to Amulek while Amulek
was preaching in Ammonihah. Zeezrom offered six
silver, equal to one limnah
of gold, or the equivalent of 42
of grain [also equal to 42 days of pay for a Nephite judge]; (Alma 11:3,
13), to Amulek if he would deny the existence of a Supreme Being. (Alma
11:22, Largey p. 609). A pretty cheap offer; needless to say,
Amulek declined the bribe.
Thus in Alma we find a number of important
points for discussion. First,
since the Nephites did not reckon after Jerusalem or any other known
Mesopotamian Semitic system, can one make a limited comparison with
actual monetary equivalents and weights and measures with known
post-exilic or pre-Diaspora Jewish systems, or any ancient Near or
Middle Eastern system? One possible comparison can be made between an
Egyptian system and the Nephite system, and this has been discussed in
an interesting paper by Paul Richard Jesclard in 1973; published by the
Society for Early Historic Archaeology (S.E.H.A.).
http://www.einarerickson.com/content/view/67/39/ for more.
Why Study Metrology?
One of the central ideas of ancient metrology is
explained by the much read and little understood Fifth Book of
Aristotle's Ethics, in which the idea of justice is explained by
referring to money and to the price structure.
This book explains why money is called by the same name
that applies to civil law and to natural law (nomos) and why this term
is synonymous with arithmos; metrology first developed as an attempt to
assure justice in the contract of sale by mathematizing the relation.
The origins of the art of legislation and of legal
science are to be found in lists that state how many measures of a given
commodity would correspond to a measure of another commodity.
Once one takes this practical outlook, one can see how,
in the Bible, the idea of Divine Providence is linked with the methods
used in the rationing of food, of which Greek inscriptions provide the
most abundant evidence.
Once one keeps in mind the metrological aspects of the
idea of Providence, one can see the meaning of the word epiousios in the
Lord's Prayer, a word on the interpretation of which an entire library
has been written.
One must keep in mind the ethical aspects of metrology
to see in the Gospels the metrological reasons for the two miracles of
the multiplication of the bread, the Feeding of the Four Thousand and
the Feeding of the Five Thousand.
In metrology, one must steadily shift from metaphysical
and ethical presuppositions to practical aspects. This has been the
concern of Greaves and Bernard, who came to metrology from the study of
cosmogony but at the same time travelled extensively in the Orient and
saw the ancient system of metrology still used by the Arabs.
6-13-10 - MEDITATION: I asked my spirit guides
to give me another vision or dream to advise me of the meaning of the
empty bread wrappers from th edream I had on 6-1-10.
I then saw what looked like a magazine cover - it was
in brilliant color. The entire cover was a wreath of flowers
against a blue sky. One third of the flowers from about the 11
o'clock point through the 3 o'clock point were dark blue, the flowers
from the 3 o'clock point to the 7 o'clock point were bright red, and
from the 7 o'clock point to the 11 o'clock point were pure white,
rather like the colors of the American flag. Then all the flowers
turned white, including all the center portion of the wreath, and the
whole thing became a fully blooming bouquet of flowers - like