The Works of Jerry Iuliano    The Four Fundamental Forces and the Electron-Proton   By Jerry Iuliano Compiled by Joseph E. Mason

Nature gave up one of her greatest secrets today . . . a secret that has remained hidden up until this very hour, because of its strangeness and its unpenetrable hidden meanings. A secret of Nature that is predictableness defined, and yet remained locked in mystery as to origin and to an understanding of its origin. The four fundamental forces are the players in this mystery with the electron and proton masses the result of this mystery's play. I have attacked this problem for years, and have been floating around the new solution in different ways, for years, but not to this symmetry of accuracy. The equation is a bona fida, aesthetic device of exquisite simplicity, showing the elimination of dimensioning, invariance through the dimensions, a pairing of the fundamental forces to their ranges, short or long(infinity), and solves the mystery of the origin of the electron-proton masses themselves as a function of the most ridiculously simple equation, as a solution to the meaning of the pairing of the four fundamental forces by their ranges  ( infinte . . . Gn, gravitational and aem, electromagnetic, short . . . Gw, weak and as, strong nuclear ) . . . this equation must have precedent because of simplicity but I have personally never seen the mystery solved in this way. The beauty of this form is that there are only two equations, one for the electron mass and one for the proton mass. The factors are the predictableness of Nature: all values within 2007 NIST standards of deviation:

 aem = first fundamental force, electromagnetic = fine-structure constant = 1/137.035999701    as = second fundamental force, strong nuclear = 14 f/m  Gw = third fundamental force, weak nuclear      = fermi-coupling = .0000116640308 mev/c^2  Gn = fourth fundamental force, gravitational        = 6.67420559 * ( 10 ^ -11 ) m^3/kg/s^2

. . . the long range forces are made up of the following factors:

 aem = ( ev^2 ) / 2 / E / c / h  Gn = h * c / 2 / Pi / ( Mp ^ 2 )

 Gf = neutrino weak force = 3.683587166 * ( 10 ^ -82 ) f/m  ev = elementary charge = 1.602176528 * ( 10 ^ -19 ) volts  c = speed of light = 299792458 m/s  h = Planck's constant = 6.6260693 * ( 10 ^ -34 ) Joules  E = permittivity of space = ( 10 ^ 7 ) / 4 / Pi / ( c^ 2 ) = 8.854187818 * ( 10 ^ -12 ) f/m    Mp = Planck mass = 2.176449596 * ( 10 ^ -8 ) kg  Me = electron mass = 9.109383741 * ( 10 ^ -31 ) kg  Mpr = proton mass = 1.672621708 * ( 10 ^ -27 ) kg  Pi = 3.141592654  Fd = Feigenbaum delta = 4.669201609  au - atomic unit of hydrogen energy potential = 27.2 . . . (Edduingtons number :272/2 = 136)

. . . all characters respond to the bifurcation number of nature in chaos to order transitions . . . Feigenbaum

delta, Fd:

 aem       *      Gw  electron mass = -------------------------------- = proton mass * Gw * Fd * tetrakys                                       as * 10^32 * Gn                          13.99991503

 aem          *           1  proton mass = -------------------------------- = electron mass * Gw^-1 * Fd^-1 * tetrakys^-1                                 as * 10^33 * Fd * Gn                  13.99991503

. . . the action between the gulf in masses of the electron and proton is limited to the mandlebrot fractal length of Feigenbaum delta and the fermi-coupling charge of the weak (neutrino) nuclear force . . . Gw. To express the electron mass, one shrinks the proton block ( aem/as/Gn ) by the fermi-coupler value, Gw, AND eliminates the fractal parameter Feigenbaum delta . . . Fd. The tetrakys, also part of the proton block shrinkage, has no explanation?! Due to symmetry, the electron mass should be considered the origin of first-principles because all four fundamental forces, aem, as, Gw and Gn, sit uniquely in the fundamental electron mass equation and it is only through the elimination of the fermi-coupler and then by introducing the mandlebrot fractal length, Feigenbaum delta, Fd, does the mass of the proton appear, suggesting that the origin of the proton is through the electron, not as a partner, atoms and molecules, but as the origin of mass itself.!!! Several beautiful equations result from this form, especially the alpha particle mass in kg:

 aem          Gw               ev^2  c   Pi   10^47 Gf  ----------  5  ----------   =   ---------------------------------      as             Gn                           h^2  as

 2    aem            -1         -1      -1     Gw              65  ----------   Me      Mpr     Fd      ---------- = 10            2                                               2     as                                            Gn

. . . alpha particle in mass kg: the atomic unit, au, or hydrogen energy potential = 27.2 ev aka 2 Ryds, can be factored into two forms the electron mass, Me and the proton mass, Mpr. The atomic unit, 27.2 and the proton unit, 938.272029 are dimensionless numbers. Each ratio is equivalent to the alpha particle in kgs: 6.644656513 * ( 10 ^ -27 ) kg . . . as = 13.99991477. . . converting hydrogen potential energy into a mass and dividing by the fine-structure constant equals the mass of the helium nucleus or the alpha particle:

 h   *   au   *   10^13    --------------------------------------     2   *   Pi   *   c3     *   ev

 Mpr   *   au   ----------------------------------   aem   *   938.272029

 ev   *   au   --------------------------------------------------------------   10^27   *   Gn   *   as   *   Mpr   *   Fd   *   c2

 au   ----------------------------------------------------------------   938.272029   *   as   *   Fd   *   10^33   *   Gn

 au   *   ev   *   10^6   -----------------------------------   aem   *   c2

 Me   *   au   ----------------------------------------------------------------   aem   *   Gw   *   Fd   *   938.272029   *   10

 Me   *   ev   *   10^6   *   au   ------------------------------------------------                                                           2 aem   *   G   *   Mpr   *   Fd   *   c

. . . these ratios were the source of the four fundamental forces unification equation to the source electron . . .

J.Iuliano

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The strong force ...as = 14 ...references to the book by Michio Kaku:
QUANTUM THEORY: A Modern Introduction.( Oxford press 1993 ) . . . page 9

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