Benjamin Franklin

“Those who surrender freedom for security will not have, nor do they deserve, either one.”

― Benjamin Franklin


Dee Finney's blog

start date July 20, 2011

today's date July 22, 2013

page 536



Military Internment Camps
in US

FM 3-39.40


Psychological Operations Officer: Develops
and Executes Indoctrination Programs to
Reduce or Remove Antagonistic Attitudes

April 8, 2013

Internment camps for political dissidents in the US are not a conspiracy theory. The Department of Defense document, entitled "INTERNMENT AND RESETTLEMENT OPERATIONS" or "FM 3-39.40" proves this beyond a shadow of a doubt on page 56, where the duties of a
Psychological Operations Officer are outlined (direct quote):

* Identifies malcontents, trained agitators and political leaders within the facility, who may try to organize resistance or create disturbances.

* Develops and executes indoctrination programs to reduce or remove antagonistic attitudes.

* Identifies political activists.

The claims made in this video will become absolutely clear, if you read the document,
particularly, the pages specified by the narrator. You may retrieve a copy of this document, here:

If you should have any lingering doubt that this plan is active, rather than theoretical, visit this recruitment page on the Army's website for the position of Internment-Resettlement Specialist, here.

The claims made in this video will become absolutely clear, if you read the document, particularly, the pages specified by the creator of this video.

If you should still have any remaining doubt that plan is real, visit this recruitment page on the Army's website for the position of Internment-Resettlement Specialist:

Army hiring for these internment camps:







Leaked U.S. Army Document Outlines Plan For Re-Education Camps In America

Political activists would be pacified to sympathize with the government

Paul Joseph Watson
Thursday, May 3, 2012

RELATED: Yes, The Re-Education Camp Manual Does Apply Domestically to U.S. Citizens

A leaked U.S. Army document prepared for the Department of Defense contains shocking plans for “political activists” to be pacified by “PSYOP officers” into developing an “appreciation of U.S. policies” while detained in prison camps inside the United States.

The document, entitled FM 3-39.40 Internment and Resettlement Operations (PDF) was originally released on a restricted basis to the DoD in February 2010, but has now been leaked online.

The manual outlines policies for processing detainees into internment camps both globally and inside the United States. International agencies like the UN and the Red Cross are named as partners in addition to domestic federal agencies including the Department of Homeland Security and FEMA.

The document makes it clear that the policies apply “within U.S. territory” and involve, “DOD support to U.S. civil authorities for domestic emergencies, and for designated law enforcement and other activities,” including “man-made disasters, accidents, terrorist attacks and incidents in the U.S. and its territories.”

The manual states, “These operations may be performed as domestic civil support operations,” and adds that “The authority to approve resettlement such operations within U.S. territories,” would require a “special exception” to The Posse Comitatus Act, which can be obtained via “the President invoking his executive authority.” The document also makes reference to identifying detainees using their “social security number.”

Aside from enemy combatants and other classifications of detainees, the manual includes the designation of “civilian internees,” in other words citizens who are detained for, “security reasons, for protection, or because he or she committed an offense against the detaining power.”

Once the detainees have been processed into the internment camp, the manual explains how they will be “indoctrinated,” with a particular focus on targeting political dissidents, into expressing support for U.S. policies.

The re-education process is the responsibility of the “Psychological Operations Officer,” whose job it is to design “PSYOP products that are designed to pacify and acclimate detainees or DCs to accept U.S. I/R facility authority and regulations,” according to the document.

The manual lists the following roles that are designated to the “PSYOP team”.

- Identifies malcontents, trained agitators, and political leaders within the facility who may try to organize resistance or create disturbances.

- Develops and executes indoctrination programs to reduce or remove antagonistic attitudes.

- Identifies political activists.

- Provides loudspeaker support (such as administrative announcements and facility instructions when necessary).

- Helps the military police commander control detainee and DC populations during emergencies.

- Plans and executes a PSYOP program that produces an understanding and appreciation of U.S. policies and actions.

Remember, this is not restricted to insurgents in Iraq who are detained in prison camps – the manual makes it clear that the policies also apply “within U.S. territory” under the auspices of the DHS and FEMA. The document adds that, “Resettlement operations may require large groups of civilians to be quartered temporarily (less than 6 months) or semipermanently (more than 6 months).”

The historical significance of states using internment camps to re-educate detainees centers around the fact that it is almost exclusively practiced by repressive and dictatorial regimes like the former Soviet Union and Stalinist regimes like modern day North Korea.

We have exhaustively documented preparations for the mass internment of citizens inside America, but this is the first time that language concerning the re-education of detainees, in particular political activists, has cropped up in our research.

In 2009, the National Guard posted a number of job opportunities looking for “Internment/Resettlement Specialists” to work in “civilian internee camps” within the United States.

In December last year it was also revealed that Halliburton subsidiary KBR is seeking sub-contractors to staff and outfit “emergency environment” camps located in five regions of the United States.

In 2006, KBR was contracted by Homeland Security to build detention centers designed to deal with “an emergency influx of immigrants into the U.S,” or the rapid development of unspecified “new programs” that would require large numbers of people to be interned.

Rex 84, short for Readiness Exercise 1984, was established under the pretext of a “mass exodus” of illegal aliens crossing the Mexican/US border, the same pretense used in the language of the KBR request for services.

During the Iran-Contra hearings in 1987, however, it was revealed that the program was a secretive “scenario and drill” developed by the federal government to suspend the Constitution, declare martial law, assign military commanders to take over state and local governments, and detain large numbers of American citizens determined by the government to be “national security threats.”

Under the indefinite detention provision of the National Defense Authorization Act, which was signed by Barack Obama on New Year’s Eve, American citizens can be kidnapped and detained indefinitely without trial.

Read a portion of the Internment and Resettlement Operations manual below.

The following portions of the document make it clear that the policies apply “within U.S. territory” (as well as abroad in countries like Iraq and Afghanistan) and that domestic federal agencies are involved.


Paul Joseph Watson is the editor and writer for Prison He is the author of Order Out Of Chaos. Watson is also a regular fill-in host for The Alex Jones Show and Infowars Nightly News.

This article was posted: Thursday, May 3, 2012 at 11:12 am



Police State USA: FM 3-39.40 Internment and Resettlement Operations

The Red Cross, United Nations, Department of Homeland Security, and FEMA have partnered with the US (and foreign) military to find a way to deal with Ron Paul supporters once and for all.  It's called FM 3-39.40 Internment and Resettlement Operations in which the PTB plan to place OWS protesters, tax protesters, military protesters, NPR listeners, peace activists, the Dalai Lama, 9-11 investigators, the Kennedy family, and any person who wishes to overthrow a tyrannical government.  

It's all in black and white and you can read the entire full text of FM 3-39.40 as a  .PDF file here- US Army-InternmentResettlemen Operations.   Save it before it disappears down the memory hole.

Madison Ruppert from End the Lie, appears to have gone over the doccument with a fine tooth comb.  Ruppert writes:

In the Army Regulation 190-8 document also called “Enemy Prisoners of War, Retained Personnel, Civilian Internees and Other Detainees,” which is available on the Air Force’s website, some details are given on what exactly Civilian Internees are and how they are treated.

Chapter 6 of the document, entitled “Administration and Operation of CI Internment Facilities,” beginning on page 23 of the PDF (page 19 of the document), delves into some of these issues.

Beginning with section 6-3, we learn that Civilian Internees have no real right to property under this military rule.

While they pretend to give the detainees property rights, it is clear that they can strip you of your belongings at any time for any reason.

Sub-section b. states, “The personal effects that detainees are allowed to retain, but are taken from them temporarily for intelligence purposes, will be receipted for and returned as soon as practical.”

Essentially, they can claim your belongings are needed for intelligence purposes and hold them until it is deemed practical to return them.

When that would be is anyone’s guess but the language is clearly ambiguous enough to allow the military to strip Civilian Internees of any and all personal belongings for however long they please.

Section 6-4 goes over the so-called “Internee Committee” which is a two-three person committee which is “empowered to represent the camp to the protecting powers, International Committee of the Red Cross, or other authorized relief or aid organizations and U.S. military authorities.”

Once again, the military is able to determine what exactly you can do and this language clearly allows the military to deny access to any outside relief or aid organizations by saying that they are not authorized. 

Here are a few things to come - if you let it happen:

From Chapter 3:


3-55. The PSYOP officer in charge of supporting I/R operations serves as the special staff officer responsible for PSYOP. The PSYOP officer advises the military police commander on the psychological impact of military police or MI actions to prevent misunderstandings and disturbances by detainees and DCs. The supporting I/R PSYOP team has two missions that reduce the need to divert military police assets to maintain security in the I/R facility. (See appendix J.) The team—

  • Assists the military police force in controlling detainees and DCs.

  • Introduces detainees or DCs to U.S. and multinational policy.

3-56. Develops PSYOP products that are designed to pacify and acclimate detainees or DCs to accept PSYOP team also supports the military police custodial mission in the I/R facility. The team— U.S. I/R facility authority and regulations.

  • Gains the cooperation of detainees or DCs to reduce the number of guards needed.

  • Identifies malcontents, trained agitators, and political leaders within the facility who may try to organize resistance or create disturbances.

  • Develops and executes indoctrination programs to reduce or remove antagonistic attitudes.

  • Identifies political activists.

  • Provides loudspeaker support (such as administrative announcements and facility instructions when necessary).

  • Helps the military police commander control detainee and DC populations during emergencies.

  • Plans and executes a PSYOP program that produces an understanding and appreciation of U.S. policies and actions.

    Note. PSYOP personnel use comprehensive information, reorientation, and educational and vocational programs to prepare detainees and DCs for repatriation.

3-57. The PSYOP officer is an integral part of the I/R structure. The PSYOP officer often may work in close conjunction with the behavioral science consultation team, if available, for behavioral assessments and recommendations. The behavioral science consultation team may develop behavioral management plans and perform many other functions to assist the PSYOP officer if directed. The I/R facility commander may designate a location in which PSYOP personnel can conduct interviews of the various categories of people associated with I/R. This location must be separate and away from the interrogation areas. 



    3-59. Counterintelligence agents may be attached or in direct support of a mission to an I/R battalion or military police brigade to assist the facility commander with intelligence requirements for the facility and surrounding area and to ensure the safety and security of personnel operating in and around the facility.

  2. Note. Counterintelligence agents may serve as a central repository for information and intelligence on safety and security issues related to the facility.

    3-60. Such responsibilities may include—

    • Identification of detainee agitators, leaders, and their followers.

    • Identification of existing clandestine detainee organizations, to include—

      • Strength.

      • Objectives.

      • Member identity.

    • Identification of existing underground communications systems—

      • Between compounds and internment facilities.

      • With indigenous civilian personnel.

      • For overt attempts by detainees or local indigenous people to communicate with each other.

    • Identification of suspicious activities by local people near the internment facility (such as photographing or sketching the facility).

    • Identification of the existence of fabricated weapons, stores of food, and supplies of clothing in the compound.

    • Identification of plans by detainees to conduct demonstrations, to include—

      • Date and time.

      • Number of detainees involved, by compound.

      • Nature of the planned demonstration (passive, harassing, or violent).

    • Identification of detainee objectives, propaganda, and attempts to weaken or test internment facility authority and security, establish control in individual compounds, and orchestrate mass escapes. 

    Note. Counterintelligence agents may serve as a central repository for information and intelligence on safety and security issues related to the facility.

    3-60. Such responsibilities may include—

    • Identification of detainee agitators, leaders, and their followers.

    • Identification of existing clandestine detainee organizations, to include—

      • Strength.

      • Objectives.

      • Member identity.

    • Identification of existing underground communications systems—

      • Between compounds and internment facilities.

      • With indigenous civilian personnel.

      • For overt attempts by detainees or local indigenous people to communicate with each other.

    • Identification of suspicious activities by local people near the internment facility (such as photographing or sketching the facility).

    • Identification of the existence of fabricated weapons, stores of food, and supplies of clothing in the compound.

    • Identification of plans by detainees to conduct demonstrations, to include—

      • Date and time.

      • Number of detainees involved, by compound.

      • Nature of the planned demonstration (passive, harassing, or violent).

    • Identification of detainee objectives, propaganda, and attempts to weaken or test internment facility authority and security, establish control in individual compounds, and orchestrate mass escapes. 

Chapter 8

Rehabilitation of U.S. Military Prisoners and Detainees

The rehabilitation of U.S. military prisoners has long been practiced, but it has only recently become a focus for detainees. Lessons learned have highlighted this critical requirement, and military police have been actively involved in a complete reengineering of apprehension, detention, and release procedures for detainees as a result. These new detention procedures are based on rehabilitation and reeducation programs for Islamic extremists developed in Singapore and Saudi Arabia and incorporate lessons learned from Abu Ghraib and other recent and historical U.S. involvement with detainee operations. The rehabilitation procedures also draw from established policies and procedures for rehabilitation that are already effectively employed for U.S. military prisoners. The rehabilitation of detainees plays a critical role in counterinsurgency operations and benefits the overall counterinsurgency strategy.


8-1. Issues of apprehension, incarceration, recidivism, and programs to curb violent behavior in released persons is a long-studied subject by generations of scholars. Entire organizations are built around these issues and take years of in-depth analysis to reach conclusions for policy application. This is further complicated by the conditions in a combat zone.

8-2. Detention provides military police with an opportunity for interaction and positive influence on U.S. military prisoners and detainees. Military police provide humane and even-handed treatment to prisoners and detainees in their care. These persons are within the control of military police under circumstances that, unchecked, could cause military police to regard them great animosity. It is the professionalism and discipline of military police that facilitates impartial conduct toward prisoners and detainees and prevent animosity from manifesting itself. This, in turn, sends a clear message of fairness and impartiality toward the indigenous people. Military police internment operations in support of long-term stability operations, particularly within the context of counterinsurgency, must be deliberately and professionally conducted with an understanding of the impact of perception and subsequent negative information operations used by the threat to discredit the U.S. military.

8-3. Detention or imprisonment can be a period of transitory idleness where the U.S. military prisoner or detainee simply endures the period of his internment and contemplates the humiliation or perceived injustice of his condition. Conversely, it can be one of the most productive and auspicious rehabilitative measures that society can provide the individual and his respective society. Rehabilitative measures have resulted in decreased recidivism and should begin the moment the individual is apprehended or captured and fully implemented upon transfer to a fixed facility.

8-4. U.S. military prisoners and detainees are afforded selected privileges, such as sending and receiving correspondence or employment opportunities for compensation. The presumption is that U.S. military prisoners and detainees receive these benefits unless the commander determines that a modification of the privileges is required by a violation of camp discipline or (in the case of CIs, unlawful enemy combatants or U.S. military prisoners) for imperative reasons of security. Commanders and operation officers consult with the local servicing SJA or legal advisor when determining whether to withhold the above stated activities from any U.S. military prisoner or detainee.



8-5. All prisoners (unless precluded because of disciplinary, medical, or other reasons determined appropriate by the facility commander) engage in useful employment that is supplemented by appropriate supervision, mental health programs, professional evaluation, education, training, and welfare activities. Activities established and resources allocated to meet these requirements are not to be less arduous or more generous than for military personnel who are not incarcerated.


8-6. Correctional evaluation and classification are based (at a minimum) on an individual prisoner’s offense, attitude, aptitude, intelligence, personality, adaptation to incarceration, record of performance before incarceration, and potential for further military service. (See DODI 1325.7.)


8-7. The facility commander establishes an inmate classification plan that covers policies and procedures for inmate classification. The plan specifies objectives and methods for achieving goals, to include monitoring and evaluating the classification process. The plan is reviewed and updated annually. The classification plan, at a minimum, contains and/or implements the following:

  •  Assessmentofaprisoner’sadjustmenttoandprogressofconfinement.

  •  Assignmenttoastaffmember/teamtoensuresupervisionandpersonalcontact.

  •  Reviewofprisoner’sclassificationatleastannually.

  •  Criteria and procedures for determining and changing an inmate’s classification status, to

    include at least one level of appeal.

  •  Noticetoallprisoners48hoursinadvancetoappearattheirclassificationhearingandaregiven

    notice before the hearing, unless the potential security of the facility or others is at serious risk.

  •  Opportunity for prisoners to request and receive authorization from the facility commander or his designated representative to review the progress and classification status as noted on the DD

    Form 2712 (Inmate Work and Training Evaluation).

  •  Risk assessment of the inmate.

    Review Board

  1. 8-8.  The facility commander establishes classification review boards that—
    Consider and make recommendations to the facility commander or a designated representative regarding each prisoner’s correctional treatment program, including custody grade, quarters, training, work, planned disposition, and special treatment.

    Review background information and consider cases of prisoners to determine their individual correctional treatment program and initial assignment.

    Conduct special reviews when directed by the facility commander. Report findings, recommendations, and actions taken by the facility commander or a designee by using the prisoner classification review and DD Form 2711-1 (Custody Reclassification). Divulge recommendations only to persons with a need to know.

  2. 8-9.  Classification review boards consist of an E-8/general schedule (GS)-12 or above with two enlisted members (E-6 or above). A GS-7 may be substituted for one of the NCO members. (See AR 190-47.)


8-10. The facility commander establishes disposition boards to perform functions that include—

Considering and making recommendations to the facility commander regarding clemency actions and requests for parole.  

Conducting work per policies established in AR190-47.

Rehabilitation of U.S. Military Prisoners and Detainees

  •   Following procedures established by the facility commander.

  •  Preparing a mental health report (documented by mental health personnel) for each prisoner appearing before the board who is confined for murder, rape, aggravated assault, aggravated arson, sexual offenses, child abuse, or an attempt to commit any of these offenses.

  •  Ensuring receipt of current recommendations by the disposition board and the facility commander not earlier than 30 days in advance a prisoner’s maximum eligibility date for consideration by the secretary of the Service concerned. Disposition evaluations and recommendations being submitted for annual consideration will be forwarded 30 days in advance of annual consideration dates. Minimum eligibility dates for consideration will be determined per references cited in DODI 1325.7. The disposition board will consider prisoners for restoration or reenlistment, clemency, and parole. The board will make a recommendation regarding restoration or reenlistment only if the prisoner has applied for restoration or reenlistment.

  • Making recommendations regarding clemency for each prisoner requesting consideration.

    Consideration for parole will be per AR 15-130 and chapter 8 of AR 190-47. Annual clemency and parole review dates will occur per AR 15-130, except when an interim consideration for parole or clemency is directed. When interim consideration occurs, a new annual review date will be established as of the date of the interim consideration. When action on restoration/reenlistment, clemency, or parole has been taken, the prisoner will be promptly informed of the decision.

8-11. Disposition boards consist of an E-8/GS-10 or above with two enlisted members (E-6 or above). A GS-7 may be substituted for one of the NCO members. When requested by the respective Service, a member of the prisoner’s Service will be a board member. If a member of the Navy or Coast Guard is not available, a Marine will usually sit as a board member. (See AR 190-47 for more information on disposition boards.)


8-12. Counseling is a continuous process, that often involves every member of the staff and cadre. While various counseling programs may be available, no prisoner is guaranteed participation in any specific counseling or treatment program.

8-13. Army Corrections System facilities establish prisoner counseling programs that are commensurate with staffing levels and the policies set forth in AR 190-47. Counseling is available in all facilities for immediate problem solving and crisis intervention. Army Corrections System regional facilities and the U.S. disciplinary barracks provide the following counseling/treatment programs:

Chemical abuse counseling.
Anger management counseling.
Stress management training.
Adjunct therapy programs such as Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous. Impact of crimes on victims training.
Other programs consistent with staffing, professional support,and prisoner needs.

8-14. Regional corrections facilities will rely primarily on those counseling/treatment programs available to all Soldiers. Installations unable to provide basic regional counseling services will request a waiver from the OPMG.


8-15. Another element of the correctional program involves employing U.S. military prisoners. (See AR 190-47 for more information on U.S. military prisoner employment.) Several considerations involved with employment include—

Nature of work. Prisoners are employed in maintenance and support activities that provide work of a useful, constructive nature that is consistent with their custody grade, physical and mental condition, behavior, confining offense, sentence status, previous training, individual correctional requirements, and installation or facility needs.

  •   Coordination of work projects. Close coordination between the facility commander and the garrison commander or equivalent is maintained to establish worthwhile work projects for the employment of prisoners. Approval for, and assignment of, prisoners to work on projects are the responsibilities of the facility commander.

  •   Employment activities. Prisoners may be employed in the manufacturing and processing of equipment, clothing, and other useful products and supplies for DOD activities or other federal agencies; in agricultural programs; manufacturing; or the preparation of items to meet institutional or installation needs.

  •   Vicinity of work. Prisoners cannot work away from the installation or subinstallation on which the facility is located, except as part of an approved work release program, or upon the facility commander’s approval.

  •   Length of workday. When not engaged in prescribed training or counseling, prisoners are required to perform a full day of useful, constructive work. In general, prisoners are employed through a standard 40-hour workweek. Supervisors may determine that failure to complete 40 hours was due to factors outside the control of the prisoner, such as weather, sickness, and so on. This restriction is not intended to limit the authority of commanders to direct extra work during emergencies, to prevent the assignment of prisoners to details that normally encompass weekends, or to prevent prisoners from volunteering for extra work.

    Work Restrictions

    8-16. Commanders are aware of the following restrictions while employing military prisoners:

A pretrial prisoner will not be assigned work details with post trial prisoners. Prisoners will not perform the following work detail:

  • Attend children.

  • Exercise dogs (except as part of authorized duties on properly established and recognized work details).

  • Clean and polish others’ shoes (except in shoe repair and shoe shine projects operated by an Army Corrections System facility).

  • Perform laundry work (except in the installation or Army Corrections System facility laundry).

  • Act as cooks or serve meals in individual quarters.

  • Cultivate or maintain private lawns or gardens.

  • Make beds or perform orderly or housekeeping duties in government or privately owned quarters.

    Prisoners will not perform labor that results in financial gain to prisoners or other individuals, except as specifically authorized by the garrison or Army Corrections System facility commander. 

    Prisonerswillnotbegivenworkassignmentsthatrequirethehandlingof,oraccessto,personnel records, classified information, drugs, narcotics, intoxicants, arms, ammunition, explosives, money, or institutional keys.

    Prisoners will not have access to automation equipment unless approved by the Army Corrections System facility commander and properly supervised.

    Prisoners are required to perform useful work to the same extent as Soldiers who are available for general troop duty. However, they will not be used on work such as police details, area maintenance, janitorial duties, or kitchen police within unit areas. Such work projects may be performed in direct support of the Army Corrections System facility and other installation functions when approved by the garrison commander or equivalent.

    Prisoners will not be placed in any position where the discharge of duties may reasonably be expected to involve the exercise of authority over other prisoners. However, skilled prisoners.

Rehabilitation of U.S. Military Prisoners and Detainees may be used as assistant instructors to help other prisoners with academic work and vocational education or training.

Note. Prisoners may work in exchanges, clubs, or other service-regulated activities on a military installation, provided such employment does not violate the prohibited practices listed above.


8-17. Prisoners in a nonpay may be compensated for demonstrating excellence in work, as follows:

Appropriated funds. When authorized by public law or an AR, appropriated funds available to the Army Corrections System facility may be used to pay prisoners for work performed. When pay is authorized, the Deputy of the Army PM will issue a specific pay-for-work policy.

Good conduct time. Good conduct time is accorded each prisoner serving a sentence(s) imposed by a court-martial or other military tribunal for a definite terms of confinement. Prisoners who are serving a life sentence will not receive good conduct time. Good conduct time is credited monthly with a deduction from the term of sentence(s) beginning with the day that the sentence begins. Military services may elect to calculate an anticipated release date at the beginning of a prisoner’s sentence to confinement based on the regular good conduct time that could be earned for the entire period of the sentence A parole/mandatory supervised release violator who is returned to confinement earns good conduct time at the rate applicable to the sentence in effect at the time of violation of parole/mandatory supervised release. Good conduct time will be credited according to AR 633-30 and at the rates described below:

  • Five days for each month of the sentence if the sentence is less than 1 year.

  • Six days for each month of the sentence if the sentence is at least 1 year but less than 3 years.

  • Seven days for each month of the sentence if the sentence is at least 3 years, but less than  years.

  • Eight days for each month of the sentence if the sentence is at least 5 years but less than 10 years.

  • Ten days for each month of the sentence, if the sentence is 10 years or more. All sentence computations will follow DODI 1325.7M except for inmates adjudged before 1 January 2005. Sentences are computed by according to AR 633-30 and DOD 1325.7M.

    Earned-time abatement. Facility commanders can grant earned time as an additional incentive to prisoners who demonstrate excellence in work, educational, and or vocational training pursuits. The facility commander designates jobs in writing for which earned time is granted. Facility commanders require work supervisors to report the prisoner’s conduct and work performance at least quarterly, and these work evaluations are used to award earned time. Prisoners enrolled in the earned-time program who receive poor evaluations or disciplinary measures that prohibit them from working are not awarded earned time. (See AR 190-47 for earned-time computation.)


    8-18. Organized vocational training and academic classes will be conducted at Army Corrections System facilities when resources are available. Facility commanders should ensure that vocational training programs are integrated with academic programs and are relevant to the vocational needs of prisoners and to employment opportunities in the community, such as—

    Vocational training. Vocational training includes the training in trades, industry, business, and other vocations designed to assist prisoners in pursuing employment in private industry upon release. Vocational training and supporting academic instruction may include—

    Practical work or vocational training projects under the supervision of a trained instructor or a skilled employee of the DOD. The work/training is organized and operated per applicable educational, military, or industrial standards and should be designed as self-sustaining. Such programs may provide for practical and classroom instruction.

Maintenance details using skilled supervision and modern equipment available on the installation. Detailed training objectives are developed when a maintenance detail is as designated as a vocational training position. Related military or civilian correspondence course participation to supplement the work experience will be permitted.

Individual vocational/academic counseling closely correlated with work placement opportunities upon the prisoner’s release.

  • Academic vocational programs. Prisoners may be permitted to pursue other nonmilitary correspondence courses at no expense to the Army. They may also be required to participate in formal, vocational training classes and correspondence courses at Army expense.

  • Apprenticeship Training Program. The Apprenticeship Training Program (in coordination with the Department of Labor, Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training, and craft labor unions) may be established at Army Corrections System facilities.

  • Textbook and teaching aids. When applicable, Army publications may be used. When appropriate and available, textbooks, job instruction sheets, industry standard textbooks, and teaching aids/devices may be furnished by the Army Corrections System facility.

  • Vocational training funds. Appropriated funds may be used to pay for vocational training programs per AR 190-47 and may be supplemented with the use of nonappropriated funds per suitable nonappropriated fund regulations.


    8-19. Another element of the correctional program involves providing instruction to U.S. military prisoners. Considerations involved with instruction include—


FM 3-10.40 12 February 2010

Program establishment. Facility commanders establish academic programs which ensure that eligible prisoners are afforded the opportunity to participate. Upon availability of resources, community facilities, and local businesses, the program may contain the following:

  • Educational philosophy and goals.

  • Communication skills.

  • General education.

  • Basic academic skills.

  • General education diploma preparation.

  • Special education.

  • Vocational education.

  • Postsecondary education.

  • Other educational programs as dictated by the needs of the prison population. Educational counseling. As an integral part of the initial assignment procedure, each prisoner is counseled with respect to educational opportunities/needs. A definitive education and career plan to meet personal needs is established, and every practicable opportunity to complete it is provided.

    Prisoner instructors. The facility commander may approve the use of qualified prisoner instructors when qualified military or civilian personnel are not available. In addition to full-time personnel, part-time services of qualified instructors recruited from the surrounding community, such as high school teachers and college professors, are used when possible.

    Testing. Educational testing, diagnosis, and appraisal of factual information concerning the prisoners’ academic and vocational education is conducted as an essential part of planning academic and vocational training programs during in-processing, including the following:

    Prisoners are given educational achievement tests and tests to determine their educational level and mechanical aptitudes. In addition, a brief presentation of educational and vocational opportunities is given to each new prisoner. On the basis of resources available, a training program that is suited for each particular prisoner is recommended.

Rehabilitation of U.S. Military Prisoners and Detainees

Physical handicaps discovered as a result of medical examinations and their bearing on training are considered in formulating a prisoner’s academic training program.

The proposed training recommendations are included in the prisoner’s admission summary and brief statements on testing and interviewing results.

Academic files. The facility maintains an academic file on each prisoner, to include achievement test results, interview sheets, and school records.


8-20. Commanders establish welfare activities as part of confinement this as follows:

  • Facility commanders establish policies and procedures and implement a comprehensive recreational program that includes leisure activities and outdoor exercise. The program will describe policies and procedures for the selection, training, and use of inmates as recreation program assistants.

  • Welfare activities include provisions for reading material and physical recreation facilities.

    Prisoners are authorized to retain the following welfare items in their possession, with reasonable restrictions as to quantities and sizes as directed by the facility commander:

    • Bibles, prayer books, and religious pamphlets and scriptures appropriate to the prisoner’s faith as recognized by the Office of the Chief of Chaplains.

    • Textbooks and appropriate military and vocational training manuals.

    • Books and magazines approved by the facility commander or a designee.

    • Personal letters and photographs.

    • Official and personal documents.

    • Writing materials. Facility commanders may, for good cause, designate the type of writing instrument, such as a ballpoint pen or pencil.

    • Library services, to include a reference section, MCM, and other legal resources.

    • Prisoner recreation programs may include sporting events, hobby shops, radio, television, indoor games, motion pictures, videocassettes, creative writing, painting, and other appropriate activities. (See AR 215-1.)

  • Free admission motion picture or videocassette service may be provided to Army confinement and correctional facilities.

  • American Red Cross assistance is requested from the American Red Cross representative serving the host installation.

  • Religious services are provided to prisoners. Prisoners are allowed to worship according to their faith, subject to the security and safety of their confinement as highlighted in AR 190-47 and AR 600-20. 


Appendix K

Psychological Operations Support to Internment and Resettlement Operations

Tactical PSYOP forces are capable of supporting all I/R operations, except the handling of U.S. military prisoners. The tactical PSYOP unit assigned to support an I/R operation will plan and conduct PSYOP in support of Army or joint task force operations in any mission environment across the spectrum of conflict. PSYOP personnel support units assigned to the I/R mission. The mission of the supporting PSYOP unit is twofold—to help maintain order within the facility and to provide the PSYOP task force or PSYOP support element with information relevant to the ongoing PSYOP programs.


K-1. Tactical PSYOP units provide the PSYOP task force and/or support element with a unique and useful capability by collecting timely PSYOP-relevant information from representatives of actual target audiences within an I/R facility. In addition, tactical PSYOP units provide the geographic combatant commander or joint task force commander with a valuable asset by executing PSYOP programs that pacify I/R facility populations. These programs assist the I/R facility guard force with control of the facility population during emergencies and intertheater transfers.

K-2. To effectively support I/R operations, tactical PSYOP units perform essential tasks that include—

  •  Developing a PSYOP program and conducting PSYOP to pacify, obtain cooperation from, and condition the I/R facility population to accept U.S. authority.

  •  Assisting the guard force control of I/R populations during emergencies and intercompound transfers.

  •  Collecting, analyzing, and reporting PSYOP-relevant intelligence. Examples of PSYOP-relevant intelligence includes, but are not limited to—

    •  Identification of PSYOP vulnerabilities.

    •  Indications of the effectiveness of themes, symbols, products, and current and previous PSYOP operations.

    •  Verification of PSYOP targeting effectiveness (determine if PSYOP is reaching the intended target audience and if PSYOP operations are having collateral effects on intended or unintended target audiences).

  •  TestingPSYOPproductsasdirectedbythePSYOPtaskforceorPSYOPsupportelement.

  •  Developing and providing PSYOP products in support of PSYOP task force operations, such as recorded detainee surrender appeals.

  •  Collecting and confirming or denying demographic information about PSYOP target audiences.

  •  Ascertainingtargetsandobjectivesofpropaganda.

  •  Determining the effectiveness of enemy internal propaganda, such as propaganda directed at opposing forces.

  •  Planning and conducting PSYOP to achieve other multinational and/or joint PSYOP task force or PSYOP support element objectives, such as reorienting or reeducating the I/R facility population or setting the stage for acceptance of future operations.

  •  Assisting in improving relations with the local population (in the vicinity of the I/R facility) to prevent or minimize interference with I/R facility operations.

  •  Conducting tactical PSYOP missions as directed by the PSYOP task force or support element, or the supported commander.


K-3. Since I/R operations vary greatly (including PSYOP support requirements), each mission must be planned and supporting units task-organized to meet the unique mission requirements. The basis for planning support to I/R operations is the tactical PSYOP detachment. One tactical PSYOP detachment of 16 personnel is capable of supporting an I/R facility operated by an I/R battalion with a maximum facility capacity of 4,000 compliant detainees or 8,000 DCs. The tactical PSYOP detachment assigned to support an I/R mission will task-organize internally to meet mission requirements. Normally, the tactical PYSOP detachment consists of tactical PSYOP teams that include—

Interview team.
Enclosure team.
Quick-reaction force support team. Audio visual team.


K-4. If possible, the tactical PSYOP detachment should deploy to the supported I/R facility during the construction phase. Arrival at the I/R facility during the construction phase ensures adequate time for the tactical PSYOP detachment to coordinate operating procedures, communications, and necessary sustainment support with the supported battalion and ensures that PSYOP considerations are included in I/R facility construction decisions. Early arrival also allows time to develop and produce the products necessary to support I/R facility operations, such as printed and recorded I/R facility rules in the language(s) of the facility population before the facility population arrives.

K-5. The tactical PSYOP detachment commander serves as the PSYOP staff officer for the I/R facility commander. The tactical PSYOP detachment commander is responsible for advising the I/R commander on the psychological impact of all actions inside and outside the I/R facility that may affect the facility population. This support is critical to prevent misunderstandings that may lead to disturbances by the facility population. Differences in culture, customs, language(s), religious practices, and dietary habits can be of such a magnitude that misunderstandings are not always completely avoidable. However, if I/R facility personnel follow the advice of the PSYOP officer, these situations may be minimized.

K-6. Upon arrival at the I/R facility, the tactical PSYOP detachment commander briefs the I/R battalion commander and subordinate enclosure commanders on the tactical PSYOP detachment mission and capabilities. The tactical PSYOP detachment commander or a designated representative attends all facility command and staff meetings. These meetings provide the most effective means to communicate on a daily basis with the facility commanders, their staffs, and other supporting units.


K-7. All PSYOP personnel must be familiar with the laws, regulations, and current policies governing the treatment of detainees and current doctrinal publications on detainee operations. Among these are—

Law of war.
Code of conduct.
Geneva Conventions. AR190-8.
DODD 2310.01E.
DODD 2311.01E.
FM 27-10.
FM 3-05.30.

K-8. All PSYOP personnel observe rules to validate the tactical PSYOP detachment’s credibility with the I/R facility population and with I/R facility guards. Following these rules prevents embarrassing incidents that can be exploited by the enemy or bring discredit on the United States. These rules apply (and may be more important) when hostilities are not declared. Special rules apply for handling civilians during stability operations and civil support operations. PSYOP personnel should coordinate procedures for treating CIs and DCs with the facility commander and the SJA.


K-9. The tactical PSYOP detachment conducts operations based on command information and PSYOP pacification programs using a variety of media. Music and news (from approved sources), I/R facility rules, and in-processing instructions are broadcast using facility loudspeaker systems augmented by loudspeaker systems organic to the tactical PSYOP detachment. If available, supporting audiovisual teams produce and disseminate audio and/or video products. Printed products will be produced by attached print teams or contracted print support, or through reachback capabilities. Products not directly related to I/R facility command information are subject to the PSYOP task force established approval process.

K-10. The Geneva Conventions and ARs require that all information presented to an I/R facility population be in the language of the facility’s population. To facilitate this requirement, translators must be integrated into PSYOP (down to the team level). Translators must be able to address the I/R population in their native language and to screen products for language accuracy and content. U.S. or multinational forces, contracted civilians, or cooperative detainees may provide translator support. Tactical PSYOP detachment members must exercise caution to safeguard classified material and sensitive PSYOP task force operations at all times, especially in the presence of translators. Ideally, translators should be permanently attached to PSYOP teams so that they can be closely supervised and learn to function effectively within the PSYOP structure.


K-11.The tactical PSYOP detachment commander should ensure that enclosure commanders include PSYOP loudspeaker support in activities involving mass transfers between facilities and other activities (health and welfare inspections) or in circumstances where a facility has the potential of becoming overcrowded. Limitations on resources available for I/R facility construction, combined with large surges of detainees arriving at the I/R facility, may result in temporary overcrowding. The potential for disturbances increases dramatically when I/R facilities are overcrowded.


K-12. The task organization of PSYOP teams is described in paragraph K-3. The roles and functions of these teams are further described below.


K-13. The interview team is comprised of tactical PSYOP detachment personnel who are trained to conduct interviews. If available, interview teams should be augmented with qualified MOS 97E interrogators to increase team effectiveness. The interview team normally operates in the I/R facility processing area, screening all or a representative sample of incoming detainees and DCs. Although MI units will likely be present in the facility, it is important for the interview team to maintain a separate operation. Nevertheless, the team must coordinate closely with MI personnel and other assets to obtain any PSYOP-relevant information gathered in interrogations and must provide information of intelligence value gained from passive collection by PSYOP personnel.

K-14. The team uses interview notes and database software to collect information about each detainee and DC. The data is compiled and forwarded to the tactical PSYOP detachment or support element or directly to the PSYOP task force for TA analysis. Information gained in PSYOP product pretests may be reported directly to the CONUS-based product development company to accelerate the product development and approval process. Information collected in PSYOP interviews should include the following information about detainees and DCs:

Race or ethnicity. 


Age. Political affiliation. Religious affiliation.  Geographic origin.

  •  Education level.

  •  Length, depth, andt ype of involvement during the conflict.

  •  Previous or current occupation.

  •  Standard o fliving and financial state.

  •  Previous military training.

  •  Political and military indoctrination.

  •  PSYOP vulnerability and susceptibility.

    K-15. The initial interview, conducted on arrival at the I/R facility, should include a numerical score or code that indicates the desirability to conduct a follow-up interview as time and the situation permit. Detainees and DCs who are cooperative or possess information, skills, or characteristics of interest to the tactical PSYOP detachment should be interviewed in depth.The interview team specifically looks for—

  •  Malcontents,rabble-rousers,trained agitators, and political officers who may attempt to organize resistance or create disturbances within the I/R facility. Once these individuals are identified, guards will normally confine them in isolated enclosures to deny them access to the general population.

  •  Detainees and DCs willing to cooperate in setting up informant networks. These detainees and DCs should be referred to MI counterintelligence personnel, since as it is their responsibility to run informant networks within the I/R facility.

  •  Detainees and DCs with special skills who can assist with I/R facility operations. Such skills include language; construction; engineering; and training in medicine, education, and entertainment. Other skills may be useful based on the facility location and conditions.

  •  Detainees and DCs willing to assist with product development, such as taping audio surrender appeals.

  •  DetaineesandDCswillingtoparticipateinPSYOPproducttesting.

    K-16. Access to members and former members of the designated PSYOP target audiences allows the interview team to conduct product testing that provides accurate, meaningful feedback to the PSYOP task force and product development company. Data collected during the surveys is passed to the PSYOP task force through the tactical PSYOP detachment and the PSYOP support element. The interview team must maintain secure, reliable communications with higher headquarters and ensure the timely, secure transport of product prototypes and testing results.

    K-17. The interview team, along with other facility personnel, must take precautions to safeguard the identities of cooperative detainees and DCs to protect them from reprisals. PSYOP personnel must always exercise discretion when dealing with cooperative detainees and DCs. Guards must be thoroughly briefed on proper handling procedures.

    K-18. Discovering detainees and DCs with false identities is an important security measure that can reduce potential problems and ensure smooth I/R facility operations. The interview team can discover false identities during initial processing or subsequent interviews. The team should look for—

Documents that do not match.

Interview responses that do not match those given during an earlier interview.

Identification cards or tags that contradict other documents or information.

Slow verbal responses to simple questions, such as a date of birth. The detainee or DC may be making up responses or trying to remember false information.

Detainees and DCs without documentation. This situation requires careful investigation. For example, the detainee or DC may have thrown away their identification to avoid discovery.

Psychological Operations Support to Internment and Resettlement Operations

Detainees and DCs who suddenly refuse to cooperate at any point during processing.

Names that appear in the list of sought after persons (sometimes called the “blacklist”).


K-19. The tactical PSYOP detachment assigned as an enclosure team conducts face-to-face PSYOP and collects vital information within the I/R facility. To perform its mission, members of the enclosure team must have unrestricted access to the I/R population. The enclosure team conducts close coordination with the guard force commander to ensure that its activities do not jeopardize the safe operation of the I/R facility and to ensure that they are safe.

K-20. The enclosure team builds a rapport with detainees and DCs by distributing recreational equipment, conducting morale support activities, and performing other actions designed to gain the trust of detainees or DCs. Although it is important for the enclosure team to maintain close communication with other PSYOP team elements, such communication should be discreet and conducted away from the view of the I/R population. The enclosure team will usually enjoy a greater rapport with the I/R population if it is not identified with the authoritarian elements of the facility administration.

K-21. The enclosure team capitalizes on its access to the I/R population to collect information about individuals and to watch for potential problems. The enclosure team should look for—

  •  Formalandinformalleaders.

  •  Individualswhoarethecenterofattentioninagroup.

  •  Loners.

  •  Unusualgroups.

  •  Itemspassedfromonepersontoanother.

  •  Contrastingsoilinthecompound.

  •  Lookouts.

  •  Signalsandcodes.

  •  Individuals who move from one group, to another and whose presence forces the topic of

    conversation to change.

  •  Individualswhospeakforagroupbutmaintaineyecontactwithanotherpersoninthatgroup.

  •  Individualswhoimmediatelymakefriendswithmilitarypoliceguards.

  •  Detainees and DCs who express interest in I/R facility construction or materials and equipment

    used in facility construction.


    K-22. In addition to providing loudspeaker support inside the facility, the tactical PSYOP detachment commander and quick-reaction force support team coordinate with enclosure commanders to include loudspeaker support to PSYOP as part of the I/R facility response capability. The quick-reaction force support team is a predesignated element that serves as an emergency tactical response force for the compounds or other locations determined by the facility commander.

    K-23. The tactical PSYOP detachment commander maintains contact with the quick-reaction support force team through the supported unit’s communications network or by other means. The team designated to support the quick-reaction support force team must be prepared to support the quick-reaction force mission and should remain physically located with the quick-reaction support force team to facilitate a rapid response. The tactical PSYOP detachment commander or quick-reaction force support team leader must accomplish the following premission tasks:

    Brief the quick-reaction force commander on PSYOP capabilities and employment.

     Coordinate a reaction plan and preplanned routes with the quick-reaction force team.

     Rehearse operational procedures with each new quick-reaction force team.

    Rehearse likely emergency scenarios and perform reconnaissance of the sites.

    Prepare audio products and scripts to be used during likely scenarios.  

    Ensure that translators are briefed and available if a translator is not attached to the quick-reaction force team.


K-24. The audiovisual team can support three or more tactical PSYOP detachments when supporting I/R operations. The audiovisual team uses organic equipment to produce and disseminate products to the I/R facility population. The team supports the facility PSYOP program by disseminating entertainment products, such as videos and music. This team gives the tactical PSYOP detachment the ability to influence detainee and DC behavior by providing or withholding something of value to the population. When directed, the team disseminates products that support other PSYOP task force programs (reeducation, reorientation, posthostility themes).

K-25. At a minimum, the audiovisual team should have the capability to edit audio and video products in digital formats, provide edited audio products in compact disc and minidisc formats, disseminate video products in video home system and digital video disc formats, project video with sound to large audiences within the facility, record and edit digital still photographs, and print limited numbers of PSYOP products in various sizes for use within the internment facility. 






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