Dee Finney's blog

August 29. 2014

page 737






10-18-97 - DREAM - I was seeing many squares. I knew they were book pages. Finally, I saw a white horse standing on his hind legs pawing at the air with his front feet. He was in the center of a white bordered square and there was a white archway over him and I knew that was the final page.

Then again I saw the white horse standing on his hind legs under the white archway and I knew I had been blessed.

 by Dee

10-19-97 - DREAM - I was in the same place it seemed as the night before. I effortlessly put  into place a garden meditation site and the voice told me it was dedicated to Vishnu.

Missing Time December 7, 1997

This is a strange dream the likes of which I  can’t recall. As it goes I found myself and my wife setting in the van in someone’s driveway near a lake. The driveway was steep and went down to the water like a boat ramp. It was a a gravel driveway but went to dirt after it passed the two buildings one on each side. The people’s house was to the left on stilts over the water and their boat dock was covered and right in front of us on the water.

I looked at my wife who was behind the wheel & with a rather surprised expression asked her where we were. She just looked around as did I for a few moments and she said we were on a trip around the gulf coast and we were headed home. I looked at my watch and it was the 10th. I suddenly looked in the back of the van for our squirrel August’s little cage and it wasn’t there. I asked my wife where August was and she said the last she remembered was that I gave him and something else to a widow women back down the road on the 3rd or 4th. I told her "It’s the 10th" and she just looked at me with a surprised expression. "It’s the 10th and we have several days missing time." Then I told her "I would never give August away to someone else I would rather turn him loose somewhere where I know where he is and that I can go see him sometimes." Then she said "none of this makes sense to me." As we talked little by little the memories just before the missing time came back to us. I  remembered the women, I remembered where she  lived and I remembered the last place we where as we drove down the highway just before the missing time.

The next thing I knew the van changed into my 1970 white Dodge Charger R/T. I got behind the wheel and noticed the people who lived in that place standing around looking at us and talking. They were older people and looked a bit confused as to who we were and why we were parked in their driveway. Instead of backing out I pulled forward to the right and was going to turn around and by the time I realized there wasn’t room to turn around I was in a fix where I had no other choice but to try. I was telling myself I should have just backed out but it was too late now. I had to try to turn around and drive out. All the while these old folk watched us from their porch. When I backed up toward the house to get pointed into the driveway again the car started to slide and I hit the brakes. It felt as if they were only working about half way but then again it also felt like the tires were sliding in mud or on the dirt. The next thing I knew we were sliding off into the water under these old people’s porch. When the water came up to my door I opened it and told my wife to bail out. I locked the brakes, killed the engine and put it in gear. Then I also bailed out and climbed up on the bank. There was my car setting there with it’s entire back half in and under water and the front engine half still on the land. The old man who lived there came up to me and asked what’s going on and I told him and asked him for help to get it out. He asked me what I had in mind and I said "get your tractor and we can pull it out." He looked around and some of his friends had gathered there and he talked to them. The next thing I knew they all got around it and we literally pushed the car out of the water and back up into the driveway.

My wife and I got in and we drove back up onto the highway. As time went by I recalled more of the events, I remembered the number 121 as if it was an address where August had been left, and told my wife what I could remember but that still didn’t explain where we had been for 3 or 4 days or how we ended up where we were or the events that lead up to these things. Like me giving my favorite pet away to a total stranger is not like me at all. Especially since people have already tried to buy him from me for money and I refused. It was only a few miles to the lady’s house and I sent my wife in to get August. The women gave him back and when my wife handed him to me he was smiling at me. I never saw a squirrel smile before but this little guy was so happy to see us that he was actually smiling.

As we pulled back out on the road I said "now  we have to find out what happened to us."


12-08-97: In the end we see the squirrel smiles at me. Now this symbol of August the squirrel is a personal symbol because it is a beloved pet. As with many dreams animals can be either good or bad symbols, but usually a loved personal pet is a good symbol. Like a dog or cat that someone owns or has owned is frequently symbolic of what we might call a guardian spirit. Squirrels in regular dreams to someone who has no pet squirrel can frequently represent warning symbols because of the nature of the animal and terms frequently related to the squirrel. Cats with bad luck, dogs with "it’s a real dog" and "bad dog" or "bad luck" and squirrels with being crazy along with  a few other things that squirrels are known for which apply to rodent symbols. These usually do not apply when talking about one’s own beloved pets.

And "White Charger" is also the same term used in days of Lore to describe the white stallion or white horse used by the knights. Recall the term "Knight on a White Charger". (snip)

               by Bryon


Dear Bryon,
Thanks for filling me in about the Charger. For some reason it slipped my mind that a 
Charger is also a horse. Now I am reminded of a vision Dee had about a month ago. She 
saw a white horse under an arch rearing up on its hind legs, and moving its front legs, 
like you see in the movies sometimes.

She heard, "This meditation garden is dedicated to Vishnu." 
I read her a few things from Blavatsky's "Isis Unveiled," vol. 2. I'll quote a little 
of it here, (page 237) with a few notes from me in brackets [ ] - 

         "Do we take up the "Avesta" [ancient Persian 
        Bible] - we find there the dual system so 
        prevalent in the Christian scheme. The struggle 
        between Ahriman [Satan], Darkness, and Ormazd, 
        Light, has been going on in the world
          continually since the beginning of time. When the
        worst arrives and Ahriman will seem to have
        conquered the world and corrupted all mankind,
        then will appear the Savior of mankind, Saoshyant.
        He will come seated upon a white horse and 
        followed by an army of good genii equally mounted
        on milk-white steeds. And this we find faithfully
        copied in Revelation: "I saw heaven opened,
          and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon 
        him was called faithful and true ... And the 
        armies which were in heaven followed him upon 
        white horses" 
        (Revelation xix, 11, 14). Saoshyant himself is 
        but a later Persian permutation of the Hindu 
        Vishnu. The figure of this god may be found unto 
        this day representing him as the Savior, the 
        "Preserver" (the preserving spirit of God), in 
        the temple of Rama. The picture shows him in his 
        tenth incarnation - the Kalki-avatara, which is 
        yet to come - as an armed warrior mounted upon
        a white horse. Waving over his head the sword of 
        destruction, he holds in his other hand a discus
        [also said to represent chakras], made up of rings
        encircled in one another, an emblem of the 
        revolving cycles of great ages,for Vishnu will 
        thus appear but at the end of the Kali-yuga, 
        answering to the end of the world expected by our
        Adventists. "And out of his mouth goeth a sharp 
        sword ... on his head were many crowns" 
        (Revelation xix, 12, 15).
          Vishnu is often represented with several crowns
        superimposed on his head. "And I saw an angel 
        standing in the Sun" (17). The white horse is the
        horse of the Sun. 
        Saoshyant, the Persian Savior, is also born of a 
        virgin, and at the end of days he will come as a 
        Redeemer to regenerate the world, but he will be 
        preceded by two prophets, who will come to 
        announce him. Hence the Jews who had Moses and 
        Elias, are now waiting for the Messiah. "Then come
        the general resurrection, when the good will 
        immediately enter into this happy abode - the 
        regenerated earth; and Ahriman and his angels 
       (the devils),and the wicked, be purified by 
        immersion in a lake of molten metal ... 
        Henceforward, all will enjoy unchangeable happiness,
        and, headed by Saoshyant,ever sing the praises of
        the Eternal One." The above is a perfect 
        repetition of Vishnu in his tenth avatara, for he
        will then throw the wicked into the infernal 
        abodes in which, after purifying themselves, they
        will be pardoned - even those devils which 
        rebelled against Brahma, and were hurled into the
          bottomless pit by Shiva; as also the "blessed ones"
        will go to dwell with the gods, over the Mount 

Personally, I do not agree with Blavatsky about the verses in Revelation being copies. 
I think much of religion came from dreams or dream-like visions, and we see similarities
because the messages have a symbolic validity. Dee's vision is a good example. Dee knows
very little about the Hindu tradition,and did not know that Vishnu is associated with 
a white horse. 
      To quote Blavatsky about Vishnu: "And now again 
     he re-enters into the golden egg of His Thought, 
     the germs of all that exist, as the divine Manu 
     tells us. During His peaceful rest, the animated 
     beings, endowed with the principles of action, 
     cate their functions, and all feeling (manas)
     becomes dormant. When they are all absorbed in 
     the SUPREME SOUL, this Soul of all the beings 
     sleeps in complete repose, till the day when 
     it resumes its form, and awakes again from its
     primitive darkness."

      If we now examine the ten mythical avataras of Vishnu
      we find them recorded in the following progression:
      1. Mataya-Avatara: as a fish. It will also be his
         tenth and last avatara, at the end of the Kali-Yuga.
      2. Kurma-Avatara: as a tortoise.
      3. Varaha: as a boar.
      4. Nara-Sinha: as a man-lion; last animal stage.
      5. Vamana: as a dwarf; first step toward the human form.
      6. Parasu-Rama: as a hero, but yet an imperfect man.
      7. Rama-Chandra: as the hero of Ramayana. Physically a
         perfect man; his next of kin, friend and ally Hanuman,
         the monkey-god. The monkey endowed with speech.
      8. Krishna-Avatara: the Son of the Virgin Devaki, one
         formed by God, or rather by the manifested Deity 
         Vishnu, who is identical with Adam-Kadmon. Krishna
         is also called Kaneya, the Son of the Virgin.
      9. Gautama Buddha, Siddhartha, or Sakyamuni. (The 
         Buddhists reject this doctrine of their buddha being
         an incarnation of Vishnu.)
      10.This avatara has not yet occurred. It is expected in
         the future like the Christian Advent, the idea of 
         which was undoubtedly copied from the Hindu. When
         Vishnu appears for the last time he will come as a
         "Savior." According to the opinion of some Brahmans
         he will appear himself under the form of the horse
         Kalki. Others maintain that he will be mounting it.
         This horse is the envelope of the spirit of evil,
         and Vishnu will mount it,invisible to all, till he
         has conquered it for the last time. The Kalki-Avatara,
         or the last incarnation, divides Brahmanism into two
         sects. That of the Vaishnava refuses to recognize the
         incarnations of their god Vishnu in animal forms
         literally. They claim that these must be understood
         to be allegorical.
It appears that your dream of the White Charger may be related to this, but the 
"aggressive" theme seems similar in the religious material. Vishnu is also said to be a 
"water-god," which may fit with the water in your dream. 
The "real" life things you spoke of are important too, I think. Symbolic,dream-related 
events happen all the time, in my view. 
Your squirrel August is an important symbol in Nordic mythology.

The great ash tree Yggdrasil unites all aspects of Nordic 
life, from the underworld through the world of men to the 
realm of Gods and heroes. Of its three mighty roots,one 
dips into the triple fountain that is the source of all 
being; another is the seat of the three Norns or fates, 
spinning the thread of life and the third root draws from 
the fount of wisdom, watched over by the giant man Mimir. 
Snakes and deer feed on the roots, bark, and leaves of the 
ash tree. In the top of the tree the cock, eagle, and hawk 
keep watch and warn the gods of the approach of their 
enemies. The goat Heidrun browses in the lower branches and 
gives milk for Odin's warriors; and a squirrel, Ratatoskr, 
scurries ceaselessly up and down the trunk from the eagle 
(light) to the dragon (darkness), fanning the feud between 

Looking at your dream again, I noticed that parts of it fit in with other significant 
symbols of the world changes.
Our web sites contain a great deal of material about 11:11.

In your dream, you remembered the number 121 as if it was the address where August the 
squirrel had been left. 121 is 11 squared or 11 times 11. Your missing times involved 3 
or 4 days. In my personal experiences involving 11:11 after a time it became focused on 
Rev. 11:11 where the two trees lie dead for 3 1/2 days and then stand up on their feet. 
The meaning seems to be related to Universal myths about the mid-point of the chakras, 
the point between the 3rd and 4th (the heart chakra). The suggestion is that humanity 
has been on a path that corresponds to the chakra levels we are near the 3 1/2 point 
and the leap to the heart chakra. 

I have written a series of articles about this 

Another possibility is that part of your dream is related to the solar eclipse on 
Aug. 11, 1999 at 11:11 a.m. In your dream, you told your wife, "It is the 10th, at which 
point you realized you had several days of missing time. A combination of the squirrel 
named August and the date of the 10th may suggest the date Aug. 11th, the day of the 
solar eclipse. The 121 as 11 times 11 may be related to the Rev. 11:11 message and the 
timing of the eclipse at 11:11 a.m. 

See the articles Dee and I have put together about these things at: 

Bill in the article below speaks of Pegasus the white horse in the heavens. He states, 
"His father is Poseidon, the God of the sea, which makes him a white sea-horse". Your 
white Charger vehicle in the dream was partly in the water.

In reviewing these pages I noticed another connection. The squirrel of the Yggdrasil 
tree, Ratatoskr, scurries up and down the tree trunk from the eagle representing light 
to the dragon representing darkness fanning the feud between them. 

In Blavatsky's comments above, she speaks of the struggle between Ahriman (Satan) 
representing darkness, and Ormazd (God) representing light.

Some of my own events in life are quite striking. 

Your squirrel named August ending up in your back yard under your satellite dish seems 
very significant. For one thing, the dish is like a "discus," which Vishnu holds in his 
hand. The dish is also a device that receives coded communication signals from a heavenly
body, so-to-speak. I have noted similar symbolism. I had a significant dream in 1990 
where I was given a yellow antenna. It was better than the one I was supposed to get, 
but it would cost me more. In the significant symbolic film, "2001:Space Odyssey, " the 
problems started when the dish antenna quit working, because HAL, the computer, zapped it. 
Sometimes I think of it this way - what if some of our dreams are speaking of big things 
about the world change, but people do not consider it, and see them as just personal
or meaningless? How would they know without looking closely at them with that view in 
mind? Makes sense to me to give it a try.
                      Joe Mason
Jan. 2 - 98} VISION

At about 8:15 PM CST tonight, I received a "vision" or "projection" in 
my mind. I was awake at the time as I was watching the
 Orange Bowl college football game on TV. Here is the "impression" I saw:

It was like a "prince" or somebody special just rode in on a horse for the first time
(in a long time) into this part of the galaxy (or maybe into our solar system area?). 
This event was taking place on a higher level (not physical or emotional, but at least
the mental level of existence at the lowest). May beings had been awaiting the arrival
of this entity (seemed  to be male) for quite a while, and they were "hailing" his 
arrival. This "vision" seemed to go on for some time, but I could not get a clearer 
picture in mind -
It was a WHITE horse. After the "prince" came in (from somewhere outside of our solar 
system or galaxy - seemed like galaxy?),he rode back and forth a number a times before
the gathered crowd of entities and beings as they were "hailing" his arrival while the 
horse was on its hind legs at times. 
by anonymous.
NOTE: "According to the literature at the Mt. Kurama temple, in 770 A.D. a priest named 
Gantei climbed Mount Kurama, led by a white horse. His soul was enlightened with the 
realization of Bishamon-ten, the protector of the northern quarter of the Buddhist heaven
and the spirit of the sun. Gantei founded the Buddhist temple on Mt. Kurama ... " 
Mt. Kurama is where Mikao Usui, the "deliverer" of the healing modality "Reiki" had his 
revelations that brought this practice into being ... late 1800's/Japan. 

Date: Tue, 24 Nov 1998 11:47:13 EST
Subject: Pegasus
From: Hidden Meanings
Even though this material is covered on the web site, I felt that it was extremely important
to go over because of the cosmic and human implications.

When you hear of activity in the constellation Pegasus why should you pay attention.?

Revelation 19:11 says that the change to a new earth is heralded by a sign. "Behold heaven
opened and I saw a white horse." Something would happen in the sign of the white horse
that never happened before. The white horse in the sky in Pegasus.

Around July 1995 Didier Queloz and Michael Mayor, astronomers in Switzerland discovered
a sun that was a twin of ours with a planet orbiting it. This had never been seen before.

The scripture in Rev 19:14 says and thousands followed on white horses. In 1995 the 
Associated Press from Washington reported,

"Hubble has discovered thousands of stars rushing toward a globular cluster. Like bees 
swarming to their hive. Spectra can tell if they are coming toward us or going away. They 
seem to be under the control of one giant central object, they are located in the 
constellation Pegasus."

As you know. Much more activity has taken place in Pegasus.
Now why is this important to you? 

1. It fulfills a Biblical prophecy of Jesus coming back on 
   a white horse. You may define Jesus as you wish.

2. Pegasus is a white horse. His father is Poseidon the God 
   of the sea which makes him a white sea horse. He is 
   sacred to the Muses. The word Muse means meditation. The 
   form of meditation in which the Kundalini energy goes up 
   the spine in a spiral motion. The Muses lived on Mt 
   Helicon. The word Helicon means spiral. The mother of the 
   Muses was Mnesoyme. She is the Goddess of Memory.

3. Now the connection. In your brain is an organ called The 
   Hippocampus. The word hippocampus means sea horse. 
   Stedmans medical dictionary says it is white in color. 
   It is a white sea horse. It is Pegasus within you.

The Hippocampus is reached in meditation through the 
   energy winding up the spine to the Pineal in a spiral 
   motion. In your brain the Hippocampus is responsible for 

This great event will culminate in electro magnetic 
    fields coming to the earth which will impact the Pineal 
   and Hippocampus of those who are watching (meditating). 
   This will restore your memory of who you really are, 
   what your purpose here is and where you are going.

One last thing. The words in Revelation say Jesus returns 
   on the white horse. In the center of the Hippocampus of 
   the Brain is an organ called Ammons Horn. Ammon is an 
   Egyptian Sun God who has another name. It is Amen. In 
   Revelation 3:14 Jesus is called The Amen. How appropriate.
   Riding the white horse is Amen. Returning to restore you 
   to the cosmic truth and  remembrance of your true self.

Keep your eyes and ears tuned to the white horse Pegasus.



11-4-98 - DREAM - I was at a school. There were discussions going on amongst the teachers for and against various subjects.  Nobody agreed on anything, but there were friendly discussions anyway.

I went outside and decided to ride my horse. It was a magnificent white animal. The discussions were still going on and someone said that farmer so 'n so didn't like lily pads. 

At that point, I was on my horse riding on a causeway between two higher points of land. On either side of the causeway was wide expanses of water and I could see reddish-green lily pads coming up on both sides. These were still a little under the top of the water, but I knew they would have magnificent flowers when they were full  grown.

I was riding along the causeway which was very narrow - about 3 feet wide and this was also at the water level and the grass beneath me was greenish-white. I could see each individual blade of grass clearly. I sat astride my horse like a circus performer...sitting proudly and had my right arm up and over my head like I was holding unto a guide wire or something. (I could feel something above me with my hand . . . guiding me. It was soft like fur)

Someone called out . . . "Watch your balance." I did! We rode swiftly across the causeway. I had a big smile on my face.
We reached the other side and rose up on a long white porch of a house. I made gestures of, "Thank you, thank you, thank you! like I was being applauded as a circus performer and bowed to an imaginary audience in several directions, beaming ear to ear at my successful accomplishment of my feat. I felt so proud. I felt like there was nothing I couldn't accomplish.


12-24-98 - DREAM - I was driving a brand new car, driving east on Grange Ave. I knew I was dreaming and saw ahead of me a white horse galloping and a boy with his dog. I thought to myself, "I hope they aren't going to make me hit them." But I was in control and I made a right turn onto 111th St. I couldn't go far because there were two trees fallen into the road. I could have driven around the trees but called F11 for each of the trees on my cell phone. I made U turn and drove west on Grange Ave. I experienced the smooth bumpless ride and the great feel of being in this new car. I saw that the sun had gone down and all the busses and cars going east had their lights on. I turned on my lights as well, and saw the reflection of my  lights on those cars.  But, I was careful not to turn on the brights so I wouldn't blind the oncoming cars. by Dee
Here is Joe's Dream/OBE from 1982:

Lucid Visit to the Great Hall

I had this dream in 1982. I have had many dreams where I became lucid during the dream, but I have only had two where I retained my lucidity as I fell into sleep and maintained it. This dream was the first of the two. Years later, I learned that there is a Tibetan method of dreaming where one is taught to maintain one's lucidity in just such a manner.

As I began to drift off, I saw colors and images. Against a deep blue and purple patterned background, I saw white doves flying. I saw directly up into a dark blue nighttime sky filled with stars. A pair of eyes floated by, looking at me. I started to raise up into the sky. I saw scalloped white lines on the periphery of my vision. They were shaped in a pattern like fish scales, but I could see through them. It was like a force field. They formed a huge funnel or pyramid up into the sky, and I was being lifted up through the middle. After a time, I saw a ring of white, transparent figures above me. They looked like etchings on glass. I could see the sky and stars through them.

There were about 12 figures, and they were huge, about 40 feet high. I sensed that they were high entities. They were dressed in long robes with high collars, and wore caps on their heads, similar to those used by priests in the middle ages. As I passed through the ring, the great entities looked at me, and I was very aware of their presence, and that they were high conscious  beings.

Suddenly I was inside an immense building. It was like a gigantic cathedral with an arched ceiling some 150 feet high. I was near the top of the ceiling at one end. The room was so large, the other end seemed to fade in a mist. Another giant room abutted on the left. The place was very richly ornate, like a Gothic church. I heard a choir singing in the left wing of the building. The voices had such power and volume, it vibrated the atmosphere. I was awe struck at the sight and sound of this, and by the feelings that seemed to be in the air. It was feelings of love, power, glory, and religious feelings of great intensity, that would dwarf anything on earth. I felt the presence of high entities, as if I were getting near God.

Suddenly, I was outside the building, above it in the sky. A giant white Pegasus (winged horse), about 100 feet long, flew right by me. I was awe struck again, feeling the same overwhelming emotions.

"Revelation" by Myst (11/13/97) DREAM

God, in (male) human form, was going around the town telling everyone to meet at a specific time, at a certain place on the following day. We (my
family) gathered up food
 (roasted chicken), clothes and whatever items we could fit into a small bag to take with us. The place we were to all meet at had stadium type seating built into a hillside, overlooking a lake or ocean. The next day arrived and we hurried to get into our seats. Far up in the sky, off to my right, the clouds began rolling furiously, turning this way and that and they were in beautiful colors of melon and gold. Amidst the clouds came God, riding in a white chariot, pulled by a white horse. There was a mermaid standing behind himwearing a green sequined mermaid type outfit. As we sat there waiting for God to pass above us and take us either to heaven or hell, I said to the people on either side of me, "I wonder if I'll go to heaven? I've never killed anybody and I'm truly sorry for anyone's feelings I've ever hurt."

Although I had already seen and heard God speak (in the flesh), I was afraid that I wasn't worthy enough to meet him face to face and by all rights, he should shun me. In an instant, people were gone from the stands, some to heaven (me) and some to hell. Others were left behind, like my sister, so that they could stay on earth and start a family before God came back for them in three years time.

6-15-99 - VISION - Two white horses came up out of a river. One was stepping smartly. The other was a warrior on a smaller horse but it was walking on it's hind legs . . . rearing up and he had a sword in his left hand, prepared to charge ahead.

The scene pulled back and they were actually inside a white toilet, coming up out of the water.

by Dee

6/17/1999 - DREAM - From: (Lady B of North Carolina)

I dreamed of a great battle on a planet much like ours . Lady Dee was leading the guards on a great white horse . AO was beside Lady Nan while Sir Jean was ahead in his plane clearing the way for us . We were on our way to the mountains . The battle had taken a toll on the planet and many people were lost . We were told that we must go to the hills and not to ask any questions. We were to only follow orders . We had to choose a mate to go with us . They said there was a new world coming and we were being chosen .

I looked up and there was a Man who held his hand out to me . When he touched me shivers ran all over my body. My mind was racing , I had lost all memories of a battle as he took my hand . We were caught up together in a sphere or a balloon of sorts. We were being lifted to the sky slowly and tenderly . The Love I felt was electrifying. I could not see my Lovers Face . I could feel the warmth of his sweet breath as he pulled me closer to him . The desire in me grew to such bounds  that I was afraid the sphere would burst . The sphere was luminous and it grew brighter and brighter the closer my Lover came to me . I looked through the walls of the fabric of the sphere and there were many of the same types of objects around us . The light that radiated from them was almost blinding me .

I was aware that my Lover had his hand on me and as he took me in his arms the world below us began to disappear . We were being prepared for the new world . I knew it would be some time before the new world was ready ; I was in my Lovers arms and I was safe .

11 Oct 1999 From: W.J. White horse dream

I was in a house (though not the house I live in), and a really strong wind, like a hurricane, was blowing outside. (I live in Minnesota -- no hurricanes here.) I was on the phone with some members of my family when a 4 x 6 plank was thrown end first through my plate glass window, narrowly missing me. Oddly, it didn't shatter the window, but only made a large, circular hole in it. My family member on the phone was very concerned for my safety. As I watched, my white horse (I don't own a horse) crawled out through the hole in the glass and escaped. (how could it do that? Why was it in my house? No idea.) I told my family member I had to get off the phone and go find my horse.

The rest gets blurry, but I do recall a diner at a town in the middle of nowhere, a child who had been crippled in the storm, and searching for my horse down a street lined with prostitutes.


6-9-2001 - Here is a dream that I had:

I'm in a forest. the trees are loving and friendly. they bend towards me pushing me along a path with their energy.

I glide and float and fly...up a rainbow.

I'm met by a flying horse who loves and loves me. It is large I see 11 others also flying up the rainbow with their white flying horses. The rainbow is wide and the beloved wind is blowing through it. We land in a meadow. Our horses form a circle. We are now aware that we are united in some common mission.

I see the others' faces, but cannot make out their features. We are determined in our mission and the wind makes noises as it blows our hair. My horse is suddenly gone and I see a tall many spired sort of nebulous castle-like structure made of ... something very soft.

I float to the castle door. The door opens and I gasp suddenly in total delight and melting love and begin crying. There is male energy whose form is mostly a ball of light. He is so so glad to see me. He enfolds me in perfect love and expresses it with beautiful undescribable gently sensations.

The name :Loran; comes to me. When I ask him if there is anything that I need to know there is no answer ... he only simply continues to LOVE me and enfold me with IT. I lay my head on him and allow. It is time to go and we come apart.

I am back in the meadow in the circle with the other 11 on our horses. We connect in unity once again and exchange loving looks, with a soft circular energy binding us together ... then go the way we came, only much faster. We go in all directions, with the knowledge that we will be working on a certain task ... I do not know what it is. I go back down the rainbow on my horse and we embrace as if we were one ... there is no harsh physical pressure as in a physical hug. I lay my head on his neck and then he is gone.

I am ecstatically happy ... joyous. I float for a minute, then go to a tall tree and rest on it, leaning back. It does not scratch, nor do the bark or twigs apply any pressure. The trees help me back from whence I came.

I'd love to have that dream again!

Many Blessings,


Hero on a white horse


From: mrzero@xxx

First let me say I don't even know why I am coming to you about this after all it was just a dream. I guess I wondered what you might think.

The morning of 7-25-01

I had a dream that I was a small boy being led by parents that were not my parents in the waking world. I was beside my brother and we were being led to a small keep because the Lord of the lands said that all sons must be brought to be trained in warfare. Everyone knew that to be led off to join the legion meant that you would never see home again. So most parents only consented under threat. That was the prevailing mood of the parents now leading us to this small keep where boys were made men, and would live out their lives in service of the legion. The armor of the soldiers was roman like though not totally. One got the feel that this was after the fall of a great nation, and now small war lords battled over the scraps of what still remained.

As the guards came out of the keep to take away the sons of the land, a person resisted and due to the mood of the people a melee broke out, my father grasping my hand ran from the fray calling forth a great white horse. I know almost nothing of horses but this, some how I knew to be a true white horse because of the pink skin under it's white hair, I could see it around it's nose. It also had pink/reddish eyes. Some how I knew it to be of the andalucia war horse breed. I don't even care for horse's, especially white ones, but I thought this was the most beautiful horse I had ever seen.

In the dream I told my father that I had never rode and would fall off seeing that it had no saddle. He told me it was a magic horse that would never deseat a rider no matter how unskilled. He placed me on the horse just before I saw him struck down by a solider. The horse was off like a bolt, over walls, brushing under trees, soaring across gullies. IT was so real but I have never rode in real life so how would I know. I mean I could feel the sweat of the horse , and I knew that you leaned forward into the neck going into a jump.

Then It flashed froward in time to a time of war where a much older man sat upon the same great horse. The man was thick with muscle and scar, he was a great warrior who brought the legion to it's knees. Then seeing this Great figure in all his warrior glory, sword in hand he smiled at me. And, I awoke with this vivid dream on my mind.

I am not one who often dreams so vivid or recalls it in great detail, any thoughts.


The white horse dream...


I am at a carnival waiting in a line to ride the white horses in the sky. With me is my toddler Timmy, a lady and her daughter under the age of 10. Our turn comes and I get on a white horse with wings together with Timmy. We ride up high and low and all over the sky, I could feel the motions of flying, turning, twisting, etc. A portion of the sky is dark, almost black purple in color. I saw a rainbow with a yellow sun at the end of it. I cannot remember seeing any other objects in the sky other than noticing the sky color and the rainbow/sun. EOD.

Love and blessings,


9-15-03 - DREAM - A dream of white horse....from freestone

I had a very very strange dream last night! One of those dreams that will stick with me for *quite* a while and one of those dreams that I cannot "digest" very well, yet, one day after!

I will try to describe it, now. The dream began ordinary enough, I was apparently a janitor in an office building, similarly to a job that I once had, years ago. I was standing with broom in hand by a door that looked out over the courtyard of a large office building. This courtyard was about 100 feet across and most of this space was taken up by a large pond, with a border of grass about ten feet wide, around the building side of the pond, enclosing this pond on three sides, another door on the far third side. I could also tell that the far fourth side was open, and that this pond was really a bay, a part of a far larger body of water. I watched the fish swimming in the depths. I noted that one of the fish was much larger than the others. It grew even larger as I watched it! Larger and larger, it grew. By now it was six feet long and it swam to the surface and emerged. It swam up to the bank next to the other office doors and then it crawled up onto the land, with stiff fins, a-like a six foot long 'walking catfish"!! It grew some more!!

As it swelled to near a cow or horse sized monster-fish, it crawled over to the doors and pushed itself into the hallway! I then walked out onto the grass border; I could hear yells and shrieks from the office girls inside!

Suddenly the double glass doors came flying open and a very very large WHITE HORSE came galloping out of those doors: this is what this "fish" metamorphosed into!

Then this horse came up to me and it put its head right up next to me. Somehow, in this dream, I sensed that this horse was "sentient", was much much more than just a "horse"! The horse seemed to be filled with an energy of vitality and there was an aura of Love and Intelligence, about this horse, that was very very powerful!

I seemed to "embrace" this seven-foot high horse, as much as physically possible: this horse seemed to "embrace' me also!

Then me and Horse, together, walked over the grass field, that this pond had turned into, walked far off from the office building, walked several hundred feet to what was the top of a high high hill. Then this office and myself, was thus apparent to be on top of a flat grassy plateau, a "mountaintop", really! I could look down this mountain to see a wide valley with towns, fields, houses all along it and up into the side-valleys, on the other side of this river, up into the other side of the plateau.

This horse: it did not "talk", but somehow, in my dream, I knew that if I talked to it, it would Understand me! I ten began to talk to it, a monologue, but the horse Knew....[something like this]

"All those people, down below us, on earth, and in the lower heavens above them, but below us two, here on the high-heaven mountaintop plateau.....They will need help in their progressions and soul-advancements, upwards to this level. This must be done, I want to be one of the Helpers....To help young souls grow and progress, to be able to live on the [plateau-top: symbol of the "highest heaven..."Home"...The Celestial heavens]"

As I spoke, I had the in-dream *distinct* impression that I was in the country of Japan, high on top of a plateau.

[I was stationed in Japan, in the Air Force, and while there, I would take day trips up into the 3000 foot mountains, mountain-park, near Tokyo. In all my dreams afterwards..."Japan" always symbolizes "heaven"..."The afterlife": where the Tokyo Plains represents the entry area into the afterlife, from the earthspheres.  The main valley up into the mountains would represent the levels of advancements that souls would then make, on the growth upwards to the Celestial heavens, as they spent "years", there.]

Yes, a feeling that I was in Japan. At this point, after I finished telling this horse of seemingly my "afterlife-soul-intents and hopes", I could actually see a Japanese family off in the distance, as *if* they were a family out on a "tourist' outing, with cameras and backpacks ... Husband, wife, and several other relatives and children. When the horse and I came up to them, they were all exited, they wanted to stand in a line as if they wanted me to take their picture, and the father passed a sheet of paper around to them all, like of a kind of "autograph memento" of the event. The last dream memory that I had, just before I awoke, was that I signed, myself, this sheet of paper.

so. I wonder just *what* it is that I "signed on the dotted line" for?!!!

Who and What...Is this horse?? the "Christ" probably!! --and what was it that I signed up for? ----an honor for an old old soul like me?!

A bit of a "Wince", I now do, as this means that I will have lots and lots and LOTS of r-e-s-p-o-n-s-i-b-i-l-i-t-i-e-s, in heaven, when I arrive there!!

WILL have lots of responsibilities, and will be one of the "helpers" to the Christ [the need IS great, many are called"], until probably ALL the youngest of souls are not only progressed until they get off of the cycle of Incarnations-reincarnations upon the earth, but also even after they ceased to incarnate to the earth at all, there are all of the other levels yet to advance through, before they all [WE ALL] come Home to the Celestial, the highest heavens, where the Christ Dwells.--- *this* will mean that I will spend ages and Eons and ages yet again, in the lower and middle heavens...long...long...long after most old souls have long Gone Home!  [unless they, too, "sign up"!]

Right away, as I leave this library computer and will shortly walk outside on the way to Lunch, I probably will pass a "ruined" homeless man, a high powered lawyer, a lady business woman who is a manager [with "manager-material-mind"], and yet another homeless person. Now, if it were not apparent before, now, after this dream, I will sense that I could spend a hundred heavenly years being a "roommate" to each and every one of these people, one hundred years PER person, so to speak! To live 10,000+ years with the 300-plus homeless people, in the Tallahassee Shelter! Spend another 12,000-plus years with "liberal-leftist" college professors from FSU, who, on earth, were "intellectual cynics", who perhaps had for their highest spiritual sights, the programs on Public NPR radio! Thus ... I will never ever have the "luxury" of "looking down" on anyone or of their belief systems, for their being "young souls"! Just think, I tell myself, as I sit here with my public computer ... ust think of the number of Taliban people that I could be "roomies"with, or Counsel in depth with, in the following thousands and thousands of years!! Why even Mr Laben or one of the Shaddams, themselves...Let alone people like of that Killer of the abortion doctor! Be with them all, to help them all , in some Spiritual manner, to climb the Mountain Home!








(1995) I was on vacation with my aunt Betty. It seems to me we’re in Florida or somewhere near an ocean. (I feel that I’m facing south and the ocean is to my left, that’s why I’m guessing Florida) I’m outside, walking along a sidewalk that runs between the hotel and the beach. The sun is shining, the water sparkles like blue crystal and the white sandy beach is empty. Suddenly, out of nowhere I hear what sounds like thunder. Then I see a herd of eight or so horses; black and powerful, stampeding toward the hotel, headed toward me. I run inside the hotel. The horses follow. I run into one elevator, they run into another elevator. When you get off the elevator, there is really no floor, but a square walkway (next to each of the four walls) that looks down over the lobby. There is also a walkway in the middle of the larger square walkway. I get off on the second floor. The elevator door door opens and I step out. I see my aunt is just getting off of another elevator and I warn her to get back inside, that we are in danger. Before the door shuts on her elevator the horses get off and start chasing her. Nanette


  4-14-99 - DREAM - I was aware that I was flying with the Black horse again . As I felt the wind in my hair and the force of the power that was 
taking me along on a journey that was truly never-ending . I was holding on to the mane and the speed we were traveling at was breathtaking .

I loved the feel of the wind as we went higher and higher . I did not know when I climbed up on the Winged horse. All I can tell you is that I was there . We traveled to a special land . There were women there and they were singing songs and dancing and they had instruments in their hands that were making the most beautiful sounds. I wanted to ask them what they were doing but in my heart I knew that they were there celebrating the one most High. I was caught up in the glorious glow . I wanted to shout and sing and dance all at the same time . I felt as if there was a fountain inside of me that was going to go through the roof . I tried to hold back and keep it inside me .

There were small hills all around us and the Winged Horse looked at me and smiled and then I heard his laughter and I looked up and there was a women at the top of one of the hills and she was speaking about the comforter that she had and how wonderful he was. I wanted a comforter like that and I looked and there were many women that had the same glow on their faces. I did not want to be still and I could hardly stay in the same seat . I wanted to be able to have a view of everything. I did not want to miss one iota of this event. I heard a call of the trumpet and there was an Angel on one of the hills and I looked at the Winged horse and he just nodded his head at me. Then there was a mighty wind that came into the area that we were in and I felt as if I were being knocked off my feet .I was on my knees and there was a woman there that was holding my hands and speaking to me in another language . I could speak the same language and we were speaking the same words and I could not understand how I knew what words were coming from her mouth and how did she know the exact same words that I was going to say. All at the same time we were saying the same words that were in a different language that I have ever known. The joy I felt , I can not describe . And I heard a small voice say to me, "you will have a Ghost to write with."

I woke up then and still think I have that Ghost with me.            

                Lady Bee

  11-15-04 - 



I saw  a dream  last week:

   I saw a beautiful white divine horse in sitting position it has one horn and wings. when I try to go closer to it  horse standup and fly up to few feet up and again come down. I look around to see anybody is there I saw some peoples walking around, at that time the horse change its image to a beautiful woman and leaning in a building pillar. then I woke up. What is the meaning of that?


The Surrogate' by Myst (8/10/98)

I was with another person and a horse in a room (either a hotel or an office). The only piece of furniture in the room was a couch. I am there because I was chosen to be inseminated by the horse so as to bring another of its kind (mystical) into the world (actually, another person had been chosen before me, but they later declined the offer). 

I think that there can only be one such horse at a time. As I sit there on the couch with the other person (who hasn’t spoken and who I can’t recall whether or not they’re male or female at this point), I wonder what I’ve gotten myself into. The horse is standing in front of us (brown in color). How will this be done, I wonder? Will the horse climb on the couch and stand over me?

I’m beginning to doubt my own part in this. Now I’m sitting on the floor, next to the horse. The procedure must take place at a certain time of day. Now it seems (more) like we’re in an office, in an office building.

There is some commotion going on in an office down the hall. I rush over to see what’s happening. I’m wearing a lime green suit (skirt and jacket) and I have a 10” screwdriver in my hand (the one I use to fix the water sprinklers). I have a matching scarf on my head which I rip off as I reach the other office. People are looking for Vanessa (I can’t remember her last name though it’s painted on the door). She’s blonde, in her 20’s and has long wavy hair. Apparently she’s killed her boss. I worry that people will think I did it with the screwdriver and hide it in my scarf.

Now I’m back with the other
 person and the horse. Our room has a glass wall. The (white) couch is next to the wall of glass. It overlooks the ocean. The time is getting nearer.  I ask the person (Roma Downey/Touched By An Angel) how I become inseminated, moreimportantly, where (for some reason, I keep thinking the top of my head' and imagine this goop dripping down my face). She says, I can’t tell you that. I demand to know. She says, “In your ears.” I say, “No way. I don’t think so.” Then I ask her, “will it improve my hearing?” I think at this point, Roma is the horse morphed into a person. Next she tells me that afterward, my feet will get larger. But I love my small feet, I think to myself. Then she shows me two horses hooves. One is normal size and the other a half size larger. First she shows me the bottom of the hooves. The smaller one has a V shaped groove in it from which she scrapes out some gelatinous type stuff, I believe this to be the insemination material. The larger hoof, that of the magical horse, she shows me the top of; it is brightly colored enamel (cloisonne) in a large abstract (but all rounded curves) design in shades of deep pink and passion purple. It’s beautiful. I would be honored to be decorated as such. Roma is now sitting on the couch. I’m standing behind her. There is one tiny area on her hair (like hair coloring) at the bottom, that is rubbing off on her skin. I wipe it away. It’s now 3:00 pm. She says, “It’s time. It’s getting dark.” She says ‘it’s getting dark’ twice. I look outside. It appears overcast, kind of like it gets on Good Friday (I think to myself). I’m not sure if I am to become thisnew magical horse or if I am just a conduit for its birth.



The First Seal: Rider on a White Horse
1Then I saw when the Lamb broke one of the seven seals, and I heard one of the four living creatures saying as with a voice of thunder, "Come." 2I looked, and behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it had a bow; and a crown was given to him, and he went out conquering and to conquer.
Cross References
Zechariah 1:8
During the night I had a vision, and there before me was a man mounted on a red horse. He was standing among the myrtle trees in a ravine. Behind him were red, brown and white horses.

Zechariah 6:3
the third white, and the fourth dappled--all of them powerful.

Zechariah 6:11
Take the silver and gold and make a crown, and set it on the head of the high priest, Joshua son of Jozadak.

Revelation 3:21
To the one who is victorious, I will give the right to sit with me on my throne, just as I was victorious and sat down with my Father on his throne.

Revelation 9:7
The locusts looked like horses prepared for battle. On their heads they wore something like crowns of gold, and their faces resembled human faces.

Revelation 14:14
I looked, and there before me was a white cloud, and seated on the cloud was one like a son of man with a crown of gold on his head and a sharp sickle in his hand.

Revelation 19:11
I saw heaven standing open and there before me was a white horse, whose rider is called Faithful and True. With justice he judges and wages war.

Revelation 19:12
His eyes are like blazing fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has a name written on him that no one knows but he himself.
Treasury of Scripture

And I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given to him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer.

a white. This seems to be a representation of the person and dignity of Christ, and the mild and beneficent triumphs of his Gospel over all the powers of paganism.

Revelation 19:11,14 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat …

Zechariah 1:8 I saw by night, and behold a man riding on a red horse, and he stood …

Zechariah 6:3 And in the third chariot white horses; and in the fourth chariot …

and he that.

Psalm 45:3-5 Gird your sword on your thigh, O most mighty, with your glory and …

Psalm 76:7 You, even you, are to be feared: and who may stand in your sight …

and a.

Revelation 14:14 And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and on the cloud one sat …

Revelation 19:12 His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; …

Zechariah 6:11-13 Then take silver and gold, and make crowns, and set them on the head …

Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, All power is given to me …

and he went.

Revelation 11:15,18 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying…

Revelation 15:2 And I saw as it were a sea of glass mingled with fire: and them that …

Revelation 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: …

Psalm 98:1 O sing to the LORD a new song; for he has done marvelous things: …

Psalm 110:2 The LORD shall send the rod of your strength out of Zion: rule you …

Isaiah 25:8 He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away …

Romans 15:18,19 For I will not dare to speak of any of those things which Christ …

1 Corinthians 15:25,55-57 For he must reign, till he has put all enemies under his feet…

2 Corinthians 10:3-5 For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh…


Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

6:1-8 Christ, the Lamb, opens the first seal: observe what appeared. A rider on a white horse. By the going forth of this white horse, a time of peace, or the early progress of the Christian religion, seems to be intended; its going forth in purity, at the time when its heavenly Founder sent his apostles to teach all nations, adding, Lo! I am with you alway, even to the end of the world. The Divine religion goes out crowned, having the Divine favour resting upon it, armed spiritually against its foes, and destined to be victorious in the end. On opening the second seal, a red horse appeared; this signifies desolating judgments. The sword of war and persecution is a dreadful judgment; it takes away peace from the earth, one of the greatest blessings; and men who should love one another, and help one another, are set upon killing one another. Such scenes also followed the pure age of early Christianity, when, neglectful of charity and the bond of peace, the Christian leaders, divided among themselves, appealed to the sword, and entangled themselves in guilt. On opening the third seal, a black horse appeared; a colour denoting mourning and woe, darkness and ignorance. He that sat on it had a yoke in his hand. Attempts were made to put a yoke of superstitious observances on the disciples. As the stream of Christianity flowed further from its pure fountain, it became more and more corrupt. During the progress of this black horse, the necessaries of life should be at excessive prices, and the more costly things should not be hurt. According to prophetic language, these articles signified that food of religious knowledge, by which the souls of men are sustained unto everlasting life; such we are invited to buy, Isa 55:1. But when the dark clouds of ignorance and superstition, denoted by the black horse, spread over the Christian world, the knowledge and practice of true religion became scarce. When a people loathe their spiritual food, God may justly deprive them of their daily bread. The famine of bread is a terrible judgment; but the famine of the word is more so. Upon opening the fourth seal, another horse appeared, of a pale colour. The rider was Death, the king of terrors. The attendants, or followers of this king of terrors, hell, a state of eternal misery to all who die in their sins; and in times of general destruction, multitudes go down unprepared into the pit. The period of the fourth seal is one of great slaughter and devastation, destroying whatever may tend to make life happy, making ravages on the spiritual lives of men. Thus the mystery of iniquity was completed, and its power extended both over the lives and consciences of men. The exact times of these four seals cannot be ascertained, for the changes were gradual. God gave them power, that is, those instruments of his anger, or those judgments: all public calamities are at his command; they only go forth when God sends them, and no further than he permits.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 2. - And I saw. The usual introduction to a new vision, or a special feature of a vision (see on Revelation 4:1). And behold a white horse. The whole vision appears to be founded on that of Zechariah 1:8-12. White is always typical in the Revelation of heavenly things (cf. Revelation 1:14, "His hairs were white;" Revelation 2:17, "a white stone;" Revelation 3:4, 5, 18; Revelation 4:4; Revelation 6:11, and Revelation 7:9, 13, "white garments;" Revelation 14:14, "white cloud;" Revelation 19:11, 14, "white horses;" Revelation 20:11, "white throne"), and indeed in the whole of the New Testament (cf.Matthew 17:2; Matthew 28:3; John 20:12; Acts 1:10), the only exceptions being Matthew 5:36 and John 4:35. The horse, throughout the Old Testament, is emblematic of war. Among the Romans a white horse was the symbol of victory. And he that sat on him. On a consideration of the whole of the visions attending the opening of the seals, it seems best to interpret this vision as a symbolic representation of the abstract idea of the Church as a victorious body. In a similar way the following appearances are typical of war, famine, and death. Some interpret the rider to mean Christ himself a sense not materially different from that given above, since by the victory of Christ the Church collectively and Christians individually are enabled to triumph; and in his body, the Church, Christ triumphs. This appearance is repeated, with additions, at Revelation 19:11. The revelation thus begins and closes with an assurance of victory. God's end is attained in a mysterious way. Many trials and afflictions are to trouble the earth, but through all God is working to bring his Church triumphantly through the struggle. And what is true of the Church as a whole is true of each individual soul. Those to whom St. John wrote could not understand, as many now do not understand, for what purpose God permitted them to suffer. For such St. John's message is intended to be a support; not, indeed, by removing present troubles, but by declaring the final victory of those who endure to the end. Thus, then, as a preparation for the woes to be revealed, and as an encouragement after disclosing the prospect of prolonged trial, the vision of the Church triumphant is vouchsafed, both at the beginning and the end of the Revelation. Bisping and others understand the vision ass personification of war; Bengel and Reuss consider that it means conquest, or a particular conqueror (Vespasian and Trajan being denominated), just as in Jeremiah 21:7 and Jeremiah 32:36 the King of Babylon is connected with war, famine, and pestilence. Elliott, with others, interpret the rider as meaning the Roman empire, just as the ram (Daniel 8:3) signified the Persian, and the goat (Daniel 8:5) the Grecian empires. Todd sees in this appearance a particular aspect of Christ's second coming. Victorinus, following Matthew 24 in his exposition of the seals, sees in the first seal the Word of the Lord, which is like an arrow (cf. Hebrews 4:12). Andreas sees in the first seal a vision of the Church's triumph over Satan in apostolic times; and similarly, in the second, the martyrdom of Christians in the age immediately following. Bode believes theseals to foreshadow the future history of the Church. Wordsworth, after St. Augustine, expounds the firstseal as the advent of Christ and the Gospel, and the following ones as depicting subsequent troubles of the Church, which are specified. Had a bow. Thebow and arrows are used as signs of power by Old Testament writers. In Zechariah 9:13 we have, "When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with Ephraim;" in Habakkuk 3:8, 9, "Thou didst ride upon thine horses and thy chariots of salvation; thy bow was made quite naked;" in Psalm 45:5, "Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies." The general idea of the vision is perhaps taken fromZechariah 1:7-12 and 6. And a crown was given unto him, In Zechariah 6:11, quoted above, we have a parallel passage, "Make crowns, and set them upon the head of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest; and speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh the Lord of hosts, saying, Behold the Man whose name is The Branch." The crown is στέφανος, as inRevelation 2:10 - the crown of life, the crown of victory. And he went forth conquering, and to conquer; came forth conquering, and that he may conquer. This is the key to the whole vision. Only of Christ and his kingdom can it be said that it is to conquer. All earthly empires are more or less temporary in character; only of Christ's kingdom shall there be no end. A strife there must be between the powers of earth and the powers of heaven; the gospel did not inaugurate a reign of earthly peace, but the end is not doubtful; Christ and his Churchcame forth conquering, and that they may conquer finally, whatever earthly trials may intervene. 

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And I saw, and behold a white horse,.... Representing the ministration of the Gospel in the times of the apostles, which were just now finishing, John being the last of them, who saw this vision; and the "horse" being a swift, majestic, and warlike creature, and fearless of opposition and war, may design the swift progress of the Gospel in the world, the majesty, power, and authority with which it came, and opposition it met with, and which was bore down before it; and its "white" colour may denote the purity of Gospel truths, the peace it proclaims, the joy brings, and the triumph that attends it, on account of victories obtained by it, and which is afterwards suggested: white horses were used in triumphs, in token of victory (n); a white horse, in a dream, is a good sign with the Jews (o); and Astrampsychus says (p), a vision of white horses is an apparition of angels; and so one of those angels which the Jews suppose to have the care of men, and the preservation of them, is said (q) to ride by him, and at his right hand, upon a white horse; but the rider here is not an angel, but the head of all principality and power: 

and he that sat on him had a bow; with arrows; the bow is the word of the Gospel, and the arrows the doctrines of it; see Habakkuk 3:9; so called for their swift motion, sudden and secret striking, piercing, and penetrating nature, reaching to the very hearts of men; laying open the secret thoughts and iniquity thereof; wounding, and causing them to fall, and submit themselves to the sceptre of Christ's kingdom:

and a crown was given unto him; by God the Father; expressive of Christ's regal power and authority, of his honour and dignity, and of his victories and conquests: 

and he went forth, conquering and to conquer; in the ministration of the Gospel, which went forth, as did all the first ministers of it, from Jerusalem, to the several parts of the world; from the east, on which side of the throne was the first living creature, who called upon John to come and see this sight, as the standard of the tribe of Judah, which had a lion upon it, was on the east side of the camp of Israel; and out of Zion went forth the word of the Lord, which was very victorious, both among Jews and Gentiles, to the conversion of thousands of them, and to the planting of a multitude of churches among them, and to the setting up and advancing the kingdom of Christ; but inasmuch as yet all things are not made subject to him, he is represented as going forth in the Gospel, still conquering, and to conquer, what remain to be conquered: that Christ is designed by him that sat on the white horse, and is thus described, is evident from Revelation 19:11; with which compare Psalm 45:3, though as this emblem may respect the Roman empire, the white horse may be an emblem of the strong, warlike, and conquering state of it; and the rider which a bow and crown may design Vespasian, whom Christ made use of as an instrument to conquer his enemies the Jews, and who, in consequence thereof, had the imperial crown put upon him; and it may be further observed, that though his conquest of them was a very great one, yet they afterwards rose up in the empire, in great numbers, rebelled, and did much mischief, when they were entirely conquered by Trajan and Hadrian, who seem to be intended in the next seal. 

(n) Victor Aurel. de Viris Illustr. in Fur Camill. (o) T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 93. 1.((p) In Oneiro Criticis, apud Mede. (q) Shaare Zion, fol. 102. 2.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

2. Evidently Christ, whether in person, or by His angel, preparatory to His coming again, as appears from Re 19:11, 12.

bow—(Ps 45:4, 5).

crown—Greek, "stephanos," the garland or wreath of a conqueror, which is also implied by His white horse, white being the emblem of victory. In Re 19:11, 12 the last step in His victorious progress is represented; accordingly there He wears many diadems (Greek, "diademata"; not merely Greek, "stephanoi," "crowns" or "wreaths"), and is personally attended by the hosts of heaven. Compare Zec 1:7-17; 6:1-8; especially Re 6:10 below, with Zec 1:12; also compare the colors of the four horses.

and to conquer—that is, so as to gain a lasting victory. All four seals usher in judgments on the earth, as the power which opposes the reign of Himself and His Church. This, rather than the work of conversion and conviction, is primarily meant, though doubtless, secondarily, the elect will be gathered out through His word and His judgments.

Revelation 6:2 Additional Commentaries

Bhagavan Vishnu.jpg
Devanagari विष्णु
SanskritTransliteration Viṣṇu
Affiliation Supreme Being, Supreme God, Trimurti
Abode Vaikuntha, Ksheera Sagara
Mantra Om Vishnave Namah, Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaye, Om Namo Narayanaye, Om Sri Hari Vishnu, Hari Om
Weapon Sudarshana Chakra,Kaumodaki gada
Consort Lakshmi
Mount Garuda

Vishnu (/ˈvɪʃn/; Sanskrit: Viṣṇu) is a popular Hindu deity. He is the Supreme God of Vaishnavism, one of the three most influential denominations in contemporary Hinduism. He is also known as Lord Narayana, the Supreme God and also known as Lord Hari. He is one of the five primary forms of God in the Smarta tradition,and "the Preserver" among the Trimurti, the Hindu Trinity of the primary aspects of the divine.

In Hindu sacred texts, Vishnu is usually described as having dark complexion of water-filled clouds and as having four arms. He is a blue man, holding a padma(lotus flower) in the lower left hand, the Kaumodaki gada (mace) in the lower right hand, the Panchajanya shankha (conch) in the upper left hand and the discus weapon Sudarshana Chakra in the upper right hand.

Adherents of Hinduism believe Vishnu's eternal and supreme abode beyond the material universe is called Vaikuntha, which is also known as Paramdhama, the realm of eternal bliss and happiness and the final or highest place for liberated souls who have attained Moksha. Vaikuntha is situated beyond the material universe and hence, cannot be perceived or measured by material science or logic. Vishnu's other abode within the material universe is Ksheera Sagara (the ocean of milk), where he reclines and rests on Ananta Shesha, (the king of the serpent deities, commonly shown with a thousand heads). In almost all Hindu denominations, Vishnu is either worshipped directly or in the form of his tenavatars, the most famous of whom are Rama and Krishna. The Puranabharati, an ancient text, describes these as the dashavatara, or the ten avatars of Vishnu. Among the ten described, nine have occurred in the past and one will take place in the future as Lord Kalki, at the end of Kali Yuga, (the fourth and final stage in the cycle of yugas that the world goes through). These incarnations take place in all Yugas in cosmic scales; the avatars and their stories show that gods are indeed unimaginable, unthinkable and inconceivable. The Bhagavad Gita mentions their purpose as being to rejuvenate Dharma, to vanquish those negative forces of evil that threaten dharma, and also to display His divine nature in front of all souls.

The Trimurti (three forms) is a concept in Hinduism "in which the cosmic functions of creation, maintenance, and destruction are personified by the forms of Brahmathe creator, Vishnu the maintainer or preserver, and Shiva the destroyer or transformer." These three deities have also been called "the Hindu triad" or the "Great Trinity", all having the same meaning of three in One. They are the different forms or manifestation of One person the Supreme Being orNarayana/Svayam Bhagavan.

Vishnu is also venerated as Mukunda, which means God who is the giver of mukti or moksha (liberation from the cycle of rebirths) to his devotees or the worthy ones who deserve salvation from the material world.


A 13th-century Cambodianstatue of Vishnu

The traditional explanation of the name Vishnu involves the root viś, meaning "to settle" (cognate with Latin vicus, English -wich "village," Slavic: vas -ves), or also (in the Rigveda) "to enter into, to pervade," glossing the name as "the All-Pervading One".[13] Yaska, an early commentator on the Vedas, in his Nirukta, (etymological interpretation), defines Vishnu as viṣṇur viṣvater vā vyaśnoter vā, "one who enters everywhere". He also writes,atha yad viṣito bhavati tad viṣnurbhavati, "that which is free from fetters and bondages is Vishnu".[14]

Adi Sankara in his commentary on the Sahasranama states derivation from viś, with a meaning "presence everywhere" ("As he pervades everything, vevesti, he is calledVishnu"). Adi Sankara states (regarding Vishnu Purana, 3.1.45): "The Power of the Supreme Being has entered within the universe. The root viś means 'enter into'." Swami Chinmayananda, in his translation of Vishnu Sahasranama further elaborates on that verse: "The root vis means to enter. The entire world of things and beings is pervaded by Him and the Upanishad emphatically insists in its mantra 'whatever that is there is the world of change.' Hence, it means that He is not limited by space, time or substance. Chinmayananda states that, that which pervades everything is Vishnu."[15]

Sacred texts - Shruti and Smriti[edit]

Shruti is considered to be solely of divine origin. It is preserved as a whole, instead of verse by verse. It includes the four Vedas(Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda) the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas and the Upanishads with commentaries on them.

Smṛti refers to all the knowledge derived and inculcated after Shruti had been received. Smrti is not 'divine' in origin, but was 'remembered' by later Rishis (sages by insight, who were the scribes) by transcendental means and passed down through their followers. It includes the Bhagavata Purana and the Vishnu Purana which are Sattva Puranas.[16] These both declare Vishnu asPara Brahman Supreme Lord who creates unlimited universes and enters each one of them as Lord of Universe.


A 4th–6th century CE Sardonyx seal representing Vishnu with a worshipper. The inscription in cursive Bactrian reads: "Mihira, Vishnu (left) and Shiva".

Vaishnava Canon[edit]

The Vaishnava canon presents Vishnu as the supreme being, rather than another name for the Sun God, who also bore the name Suryanarayana and is considered only as a form of Vishnu.


In the Yajur Veda, Taittiriya Aranyaka (10-13-1), Narayana suktam, Lord Narayana is mentioned as the supreme being. The first verse of Narayana Suktam mentions the words "paramam padam", which literally mean "highest post" and may be understood as the "supreme abode for all souls". This is also known as Param Dhama, Paramapadam, or Vaikuntha. Rig Veda 1:22:20a also mentions the same "paramam padam". This special status is not given to any deity in the Vedas apart from Lord Vishnu/Narayana.[citation needed] Narayana is one of the thousand names of Vishnu as mentioned in the Vishnu Sahasranama.[17] It describes Vishnu as the All-Pervading essence of all beings, the master of—and beyond—the past, present and future, one who supports, sustains and governs the Universe and originates and develops all elements within. This illustrates the omnipresent characteristic of Vishnu. Vishnu governs the aspect of preservation and sustenance of the universe, so he is called "Preserver of the universe".

Vishnu is the Supreme God who takes manifest forms or avatars across various ages or periods to save humanity from evil beings, demons or Asuras. According to the extant Hindu texts and traditions, Lord Vishnu is considered to be resident in the direction of the "Makara Rashi" (the "Shravana Nakshatra"), which is about coincident with the Capricorn constellation.[18] In some of the extant Puranas, and Vaishnava traditions, Vishnu's eye is considered to be situated at the infinitely distant Southern Celestial Pole.[19]

Following the defeat of Indra and his displacement as the Lord of Heaven or Swarga, Indra asks Lord Vishnu for help and thus Lord Vishnu takes his incarnations or avatars to Earth to save mankind, thus showing his position as Supreme God to all of creation.

In the Puranas, Indra frequently appears proud and haughty. These bad qualities are temporarily removed when Brahma and/or Shiva give boons to Asuras or Rakshasas such as Hiranyaksha, Hiranyakashipu and Ravana, who are then able to defeat Indra in wars between Devas and Asuras. The received boons often made Asuras virtually indestructible.

Indra has no option but to seek help from Vishnu. Indra prays before Vishnu for protection and the Supreme Lord obliges him by taking avatars and generating himself on Earth in various forms, first as a water-dweller (Matsya, fish), then as an amphibiouscreature (Kurma avatar or Tortoise), then as a half-man-half-animal (Varaha the pig-faced, human-bodied Lord, and Narasimhathe Lord with lion's face and claws and a human body). Later, Vishnu appears as human beings (Vamana the short-heighted person), Parashurama, Rama, Krishna, Buddha and finally as Kalki for performing his task of protecting his devotees from demons and anti-religious entities.

Vishnu's supremacy is attested by his victories over those very powerful entities. It is further attested by the accepted iconography and sculptures of Vishnu in reclining position as producing Brahma emerging from his navel. Brahma the creator is thus created in turn by Vishnu out of his own person. Instead Vishnu takes various avatars to slay or defeat those demons. But it is to be noted that Vishnu also provided boons to Akupresura, a bear faced demon who was destroyed by Lord Shiva.[20][21]

Vishnu's actions lowered Indra's ranking among Hindu deities and led to the ascendancy of Vishnu.[20]

Few temples are dedicated to the Sun or Suryanarayana, nor indeed Indra, nor does Indra figure largely in the Hindu religion.

Indra is almost completely absent from the deities considered as the chief or most important deity.


12th century stone sculpture of God Vishnu flanked by two apsaras one with a fan (left) and the other with Tambura (right).

In the Rigveda, Vishnu is mentioned 93 times. He is frequently invoked alongside other deities, especially Indra, whom he helps in killing Vritra and with whom he drinks Soma. His distinguishing characteristic in the Vedas is his association with light. Two Rigvedic hymns in Mandala 7 are dedicated to Vishnu. In 7.99, Vishnu is addressed as the god who separates heaven and earth, a characteristic he shares with Indra.

The Rig Veda describes Vishnu as younger brother to Indra as Vamana. In Vaishnava canon the 'Vishnu' who is younger brother to Indra is identified as Vamana, Avatar of Vishnu, hence referred to as Vishnu by Vaishnavites.[20][22] Vishnu is the Supreme God who lives in the highest celestial region, contrasted against those who live in the atmospheric or terrestrial regions. Vishnu is content with mere prayer, unlike almost all of the other gods who receive sacrificial offerings such as Havis, which is given using clarified butter, or Soma.[22] Later foreign translators have view[citation needed] that Vedas place Indra in a superior position to Vishnu's Avatar of Vamana but in fact Vamana helps Indra by restoring his Kingdom.

An alternate translation is provided by Wilson[23] according to Sayana:

When Thy (younger brother) Viṣṇu (Vamana) by (his) strength stepped his three paces, then verily thy beloved horses bore thee. (Rigveda 8:12:27)[23]

Wilson mentions Griffith's possible translation as a footnote. However the following verse from Rigveda renders the above translation by Wilson more probable.

Him whose three places that are filled with sweetness, imperishable, joy as it may list them, Who verily alone upholds the threefold, the earth, the heaven, and all living creatures. (Rig veda 1:154:4)[24]

Wilson offers an alternate translation for Rigveda 10:113:2:[25]

Viṣṇu offering the portion of Soma, glorifies by his own vigor that greatness of his. Indra, the lord of heaven, with the associated gods having slain Vritra, became deserving of honour. (Rigveda 10:113:2)

This verse sees Vishnu as one who is glorified by his own strength, while Indra became deserving of honor after having slain Vritra only in association with other gods.

However Vishnu's praise for other gods does not imply worship. Wilson translates:

Viṣṇu, the mighty giver of dwellings praises thee, and Mitra and Varuna; the company of Maruts imitates thee in exhilaration. (Rigveda 8:15:9) (page 280)[23]

The following verses show categorically Vishnu as distinguished from other gods in Rigveda.

He who presents (offering) to Viṣṇu, the ancient, the creator, the recent, the self-born; he who celebrates the great birth of that mighty one; he verily possessed of abundance, attains (the station) that is to be sought (by all).(Rigveda 1:156:2) (page 98)[26]

No being that is or that has been born, divine Viṣṇu, has attained the utmost limit of thy magnitude, by which thou hast upheld the vast and beautiful heaven, and sustained the eastern horizon of Earth.(Rigveda 7:99:2) (page 196)[23]

The divine Viṣṇu, the best of the doers of good deeds, who came to the pious instituter of rite (Indra), to assist (at its celebration), knowing (the desires of the worshiper), and present at the three connected period (of worship), shows favor to the Arya, and admits the author of the ceremony to a share of the sacrifice. (Rigveda 1:156:5) (page 99)[26]

Jan Gonda, the late Indologist, states that Vishnu, although remaining in the background of Indra's exploits, contributes by his presence, or is key to Indra's success. Vishnu is more than a mere companion, equal in rank or power to Indra, or sometime the one who made Indra's success possible.

Descriptions of Vishnu as younger to Indra are found in only the hymns to Indra, but in a kathenotheism religion like that of the Rigveda, each god, for a time, is supreme in the mind of the devotee.

In the Rig Vedic texts, the deity or god referred to as Vishnu is the Sun God, who also bears the name 'Suryanarayana'. By contrast, the 'Vishnu' referred to in 'Vishnu Purana', 'Vishnu Sahasranamam' and 'Purusha Sooktham' is Lord Narayana, the Consort of Lakshmi. Vaishnavites make a further distinction by extolling the qualities of Vishnu by highlighting his differences from other deities such as Shiva,[citation needed] Brahma or Surya.[20]

Three steps[edit]

Vishnu Bronze, 10th-11th century, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Hymn 7.100 refers to the celebrated 'three steps' of Vishnu (as Trivikrama) by which he strode over the universe and in three places planted his step. The 'Vishnu Suktam' (RV 1.154) says that the first and second of Vishnu's strides (those encompassing the earth and air) are visible to men and the third is in the heights of heaven (sky). This last place is described as Vishnu's supreme abode in RV 1.22.20:

The princes evermore behold / that loftiest place where Vishnu is / Laid as it were an eye in heaven.(trans. Griffith)

Griffith's "princes" are the sūri, either "inciters" or lords of a sacrifice, or priests charged with pressing the Soma. The verse is quoted as expressing Vishnu's supremacy by Vaishnavites.

Though such solar aspects have been associated with Vishnu by tradition as well as modern-scholarship,[citation needed] he was not just the representation of the sun, as he moves both vertically and horizontally.

In hymns 1.22.17, 1.154.3, 1.154.4 he strides across the earth with three steps, in 6.49.13, 7.100.3 strides across the earth three times and in 1.154.1, 1.155.5,7.29.7 he strides vertically, with the final step in the heavens. The same Veda also says he strode wide and created space in the cosmos for Indra to fight Vritra. By his stride he made dwelling for men possible, the three forming a symbolic representation of the dwelling's all-encompassing nature. This nature and benevolence to men were Vishnu's enduring attributes. As the triple-strider he is known as Trivikrama and as Urukrama, for the strides were wide.


A statue in Bangkok, Thailanddepicting Vishnu mounted on hisvahana Garuda, the eagle

The Brahmanas are commentaries on the Vedas and form part of the Shruti literature. They are concerned with the detail of the proper performance of rituals. In the Rigveda, Shakala Shakha: Aitareya Brahmana Verse 1 declares: agnir vai devānām ava mo viṣṇuḥ paramus, tadantareṇa sarvā anyā devatā - Agni is the lowest or youngest god and Vishnu is the greatest and the highest God.

The Brahmanas assert the supremacy of Lord Vishnu, addressing him as "Gajapati", the one whom all sacrifices are meant to please. Lord Vishnu accepts all sacrifices to the demigods and allots the respective fruits to the performer In one incident, a demonic person performs a sacrifice by abducting the Rishis (sages), who meditate by constantly chanting God's name. The sacrifice is meant to destroy Indra. But the rishis, who worship Indra as a demigod, alter one pronunciation of the Veda Mantra, reversing the purpose of the sacrifice. When the fruit of the sacrifice is given and the demon is on the verge of dying, he calls to Vishnu, whom he addresses as Supreme Godhead and "the father of all living entities including himself".

Aitareya Brahmana 1:1:1 mentions Vishnu as the Supreme God. But in the Vaishnava canon, in different ages, with Vishnu in different avatars, his relationship with the asurasor demons, was always adversarial. The asuras always caused harm, while the sages and devas or celestial beings, did penance and called to Vishnu for protection. Vishnu always obliged by taking an avatar to vanquish the asuras. In the Vaishnava canon, Vishnu never gave or granted any boons to the asuras, distinguishing him from the gods Shiva and Brahma, who did. He is the only God called upon to save good beings by defeating or killing the asuras.[20]

Sayana writes that in Aitareya Brahmana 1:1:1 the declaration agnir vai devānām ava mo viṣṇuḥ paramus,tadantareṇa sarvā anyā devatā does not indicate any hierarchy among gods. Even in Rigveda Samhita, avama and parama are not applied to denote rank and dignity, but only to mark place and locality.

In Rigveda 1:108:9,: yadindrāghnī avamasyāṃ pṛthivyāṃ madhyamasyāṃ paramasyāmuta sthaḥ | i.e., in the lowest place, the middle (place), and the highest (place). Agni, the fire, has, among the gods, the lowest place; for he resides with man on the earth; while the other gods are either in the air, or in the sky. Vishnu occupies the highest place. The words avama and paramaare understood as 'First' and 'Last' respectively. To support this claim, Sayana adduces the mantra (1,4. As'val. Sr. S. 4, 2),agnir mukham prathamo devathanam samathanam uttamo vishnur asit, i.e., Agni was the first of the deities assembled, (and) Vishnu the last.

In the Kausitaki Brahmana (7.1) Agni is called Aaradhya (instead of avama), and Visnu parardha(instead of parama),i.e., belonging to the lower and higher halves (or forming the lower and higher halves).[27] The Vishnu Purana gives tremendous importance to the worship of Vishnu and mentions that sacrifices are to begin only with both the lighting of fire or 'Agni', pouring of sacrificial offerings to Vishnu in 'Agni' so that those offerings reach and are accepted by Vishnu. Worship of Vishnu through Yajnas (or Homams) and other rituals, will not achieve the desired result if Agni's role is neglected.[20]

Muller says "Although the gods are sometimes distinctly invoked as the great and the small, the young and the old (Rig veda 1:27:13), this is only an attempt to find the most comprehensive expression for the divine powers, and nowhere is any of the gods represented as the subordinate to others. It would be easy to find, in the numerous hymns of the Veda, passages in which almost every single god is represented as supreme and absolute."[28]

However this notion is not completely correct as per the following verses, which shows Rigveda describe one or more gods as subject to other god(s).

Him whose high law not Varuna nor Indra, not Mitra, Aryaman, nor Rudra breaketh, Nor evil-hearted fiends, here for my welfare him I invoke, God Savitar, with worship. (Rigveda 2.038.09)[29][30]

I invite to this place, with reverential salutations, for my good, that divine Savita, whose functions neither Indra, nor Varun.a, nor Mitra nor Aryaman nor Rudra nor the enemies (of the gods), impede. (Rigveda 2.038.09)[31][32]


Vishnu Smriti[edit]

Vishnu and Lakshmi riding on Vishnu's Vahana Garuda – Painting from Rajasthan, Bundi, c. 1730 (in Los Angeles County Museum of Art )

The Vishnu Smṛti, is one of the later books of the Dharmashastra tradition of Hinduism and the only one that focuses on the bhakti tradition and the required daily puja to Vishnu, rather than the means of knowing dharma. It is also known for its handling of the controversial subject of the practice of sati (self-immolation of a widow on her husband's funeral pyre).[33] The text was composed by an individual or group. The author(s) created a collection of the commonly known legal maxims that were attributed to Vishnu into one book, as Indian oral culture began to be recorded more formally.[34]

Bhagavata Purana[edit]

Vishnu is the only Bhagavan as declared in the Bhagavata 1:2:11 in the verse: vadanti tat tattva-vidas tattvam yaj jnanam advayam brahmeti paramatmeti bhagavan iti sabdyate, translated as "Learned transcendentalists who know the Absolute Truth call this non-dual substance as Brahman, Paramātma and Bhagavan."[35]

Vishnu Purana[edit]

In the Vishnu Purana (6:5:79) the personality named Parashara Rishi defines six bhagas:

aiśvaryasya samagrasya vīryasya yaśasaḥ śriyaḥ
jñāna-vairāgyayoś caiva ṣannāḥ bhaga itīṇganā

Jiva Gosvami explains the verse in Gopala Champu (Pūrva 15:73) and Bhagavata Sandarbha 46:10:

jñāna-śakti-balaiśvarya-vīrya-tejā aśeṣataḥ
bhagavac-chabda-vācyāni vinā heyair guṇādibhiḥ
"The substantives of the word bhagavat (bhagavat-śabda-vācyāni) are unlimited (aśeṣataḥ) knowledge (jñāna), energies (śakti), strength (bala), opulence (aiśvarya), heroism (vīrya), splendor (tejas), without (vinā) objectionable (heyair) qualities (guṇādibhiḥ)."

Sangam literature[edit]

Main article: Thirumal
The Sri Ranganathaswamy Templeis a Hindu temple dedicated to Vishnu located in Srirangam, Tiruchirapalli,Tamil Nadu, India. Srirangam temple is often listed as the largest functioningHindu temple in the world, the still larger Angkor Wat being the largest existing temple.[36][37] The temple occupies an area of 156 acres (631,000 m²) with a perimeter of 4,116m (10,710 feet) making it the largest temple in India and one of the largest religious complexes in the world.[38]

Tamil Sangam literature (300BCE to 500CE) mentions mAyOn, or the dark one, as the supreme deity who creates, sustains and destroys the universe. Paripadal 3 describes the glory of Thirumal in the most superlative terms.

Paripadal(3)by kaduvan iLaveyinanAr:

"thIyinuL theRal nI poovinuL naaRRa nI kallinuL maNiyu nI sollinuL vaaymai aRaththinuL anbu nI maRaththinuL mainthu nI vEthaththu maRai nI boothaththu madhalu nI vencudar oLiyu nI thingaLuL aLiyu nI anaiththu nI anaiththinut poruLu nI"

The last line states that Lord Vishnu is the supreme deity who is the inner controller (Antaryamin) of the entire universe. This is one of the Lord's glories, which is first mentioned in Vedas and later propounded by Alwars in Prabhandams and Sri Vaishnavaite Acharyas in various commentaries

The Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple and Vishnu,Lakshmi is mentioned in Tamil works of literature of the Sangam era, including the epic Silapadikaram (book 11, lines 35–40):

āyiram viritteḻu talaiyuṭai aruntiṟaṟ

pāyaṟ paḷḷip palartoḻu tētta viritiraik kāviri viyaṉperu turuttit tiruvamar mārpaṉ kiṭanta vaṇṇamum

On a magnificent cot having a thousand heads spread out, worshipped and praised by many, in an islet surrounded by Kaveriwith bellowing waves, is the lying posture of the one who has Lakshmi sitting in his chest

Theological attributes[edit]

Main article: Vaishnavism

The actual number of Vishnu's auspicious qualities is countless, although his six most-important "divine glories" are:

  • Jnana (Omniscience); defined as the power to know about all beings simultaneously;
  • Aishvarya (Sovereignty), derived from the word Ishvara which means unchallenged rule over all;
  • Shakti (Power or Energy), the capacity to make the impossible possible;
  • Bala (Strength), the capacity to support everything by will and without any fatigue;
  • Virya (Vigour), the power to retain immateriality as the Supreme Spirit or Being in spite of being the material cause of mutable creations;
  • Tejas (Splendor), which expresses self-sufficiency and the capacity to overpower everything by spiritual effulgence.[39]

Other important qualities attributed to Vishnu are Gambhirya (inestimatable grandeur), Audarya (generosity), and Karunya (compassion). Natya Shastra lists Vishnu as the presiding deity of the Sṛngara rasa.

The Rigveda says: Vishnu can travel in three strides. The first stride is the Earth. The second stride is the visible sky. The third stride cannot be seen by men and is the heaven where the gods and the righteous dead live. (This feature of three strides also appears in the story of his avatar Vamana/Trivikrama.) The Sanskrit for "to stride" is the root kram; its reduplicated perfect ischakram (guņa grade) or chakra (zero-grade), and in the Rigveda he is called by epithets such as vi-chakra-māņas = "he who has made 3 strides". The Sanskrit word chakra also means "wheel". That may have suggested the idea of Vishnu carrying achakra.

Vishnu (Beikthano in Burmese) on his mount, the garuda, in the traditional Burmese depiction.

Five forms[edit]

See also Pañcaratra

In Shree Vaishnavism, another school dating from around the 10th century AD, Vishnu assumes five forms:

  1. In the Para Form, Para is the highest form of Vishnu found only in Sri Vaikuntaalso called Moksha, along with his consort Lakshmi, (and Bhumi Devi and Nila devi, avatars of Lakshmi) and surrounded by liberated souls like Ananta,Garuda, and a host of Muktas (liberated souls).
  2. In the Vyuha form, Vishnu assumes four forms, which exercise different cosmic functions and controls activities of living beings.
  3. In the Vibhava form, Vishnu assumes various manifestations, called Vibhavas, more popularly known as Avataras from time to time, to protect the virtuous, punish evil-doers and re-establish righteousness.
  4. In the Antaryami; "Dwelling within" or "Suksma Vasudeva" form, Vishnu exists within the souls of all living beings and in every substance.[40]
  5. In the Arcavatara or Image manifestation, Vishnu is visible and therefore easily approachable by devotees since Para, Vyuha, Vibhava and Antaryami forms can only be imagined or meditated upon because they are beyond our reach. Such images can be
    1. Revealed by Vishnu, for example, a self-manifested (Swayambhu) icon (murti), e.g. The Mahavishnu Temple atTirunelli, The Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple at Srirangam, The Tirumala Venkateshwara Temple, etc.; or
    2. Installed by Devas or celestial beings such as such as Guruvayur Temple installed by Vayu; or
    3. Installed by humans, and consecrated according to Vaishnava Agama shastras or scriptures such as LordJagannatha of Jagannath Temple (Puri) at Puri.[41]

Relations with deities[edit]


The three gods of the Trimurti clan are inseparable and in harmony in view of their common vision and universal good. They are perfectly ideal in all respects.

Both Asuras and Devas played supportive roles in this story by keeping company with Vishnu in his incarnated forms. Hanumanis a vanara who is completely dedicated to Rama. He gives Vishnu company and obeys his command, while playing an important part in Rama's life. He is regarded in Vaishnava canon because it is through blessings that Hanuman is born. Thus, Hanuman, Vishnu's constant companion, with his idol appearing temples of Rama, Krishna and Narasimha, i.e. all of Vishnu's avatars, is considered by Vaishnavas.[42]

Syncretic forces produced stories in which the two deities were shown in cooperative relationships and combined forms.Harihara is the name of a combined deity form of both Vishnu (Hari) and Shiva (Hara).[43] This dual form, which is also called Harirudra, is mentioned in the Mahabharata.[44]


Vishnu with Lakshmi (Lakshmi-Narayana) atHalebidu.

Vishnu's consort is Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth (also known as Maya). The Samvit (the primary intelligence/dark matter) of the universe is Vishnu, while the other five attributes emerge from this samvit and hence Maya or dark energy of the universe is Lakshmee is his ahamata, activity, or Vishnu's Power.This power of God, Maya or Shakti, is personified and has multiple names: Shree,Lakshmi, Maya, Vishnumaya or Mahamaya. She is said to manifest as Kriyashakti, (Creative Activity) and Bhutishakti (Creation). This world requires Vishnu's creativity. He therefore needs Lakshmi to always be with Him. Her various avatars as Lord Vishnu's consorts are Varahavatar (Bhoodevi) orBhoomi, Ramavatar Seeta, Krishnavatar Rukmini)

Saraswati and Ganga[edit]

According to Brahma Vaivarta Purana, Lord Vishnu had three wives Lakshmi, Saraswati and Ganga. Due to their constant quarrelsome nature among them. Once Ganga tried to be close with Vishnu, this rebuked Saraswati but Lakshmi tried to pacify them but faced a curse rather. As per the curse, Lakshmi to appear as Tulasi. Sarawati cursed Ganga to run as a river in the world and Saraswati was cursed to run as a river in the netherworld. After this, Lord Vishnu sent Saraswati to Brahma and Ganga to Shiva.


Vishnu's mount (Vahana) is Garuda, the eagle. Vishnu is commonly depicted as riding on his shoulders.


Vishnu reclining on the SheshaNaga with his consort Lakshmi massaging his feet.

According to various Puranas, Vishnu is the ultimate omnipresent reality and is shapeless and omnipresent. However, a strict iconography governs his representation, whether in pictures, icons, or idols:

  • He has four arms and is male: The four arms indicate his all-powerful and all-pervasive nature. His physical existence is represented by the two arms in the front, while the two arms at the back represent his presence in the spiritual world. The Upanishad Gopal Uttartapani describes the four arms.
  • The Shreevatsa mark is on his chest, symbolizing his consort Lakshmi.
  • He wears the auspicious "Kaustubha" jewel around his neck and a garland of flowers (Vanamala). Lakshmi dwells in this jewel, on Vishnu's chest.
  • A crown adorns his head: The crown symbolizes his supreme authority. This crown sometimes includes a peacock feather, borrowing from his Krishna-avatar.
  • He wears two earrings: The earrings represent inherent opposites in creation — knowledge and ignorance; happiness and unhappiness; pleasure and pain.
  • He rests on Ananta, the immortal and infinite snake.

Vishnu is always to be depicted holding four attributes:

  • A conch shell or Shankha, named Panchajanya, is held by the upper left hand. It represents Vishnu's power to create and maintain the universe. Panchajanya represents the five elements or Panchabhoota – water, fire, air, earth and sky or space. It also represents the five airs or Pranas that are within the body and mind. The conch symbolizes that Vishnu is the primeval Divine sound of creation and continuity. It also represented as Om. In the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna avatara states that of sound vibrations, 'He is Om'.
  • The Chakra, a sharp, spinning, discus-like weapon, named "Sudarshana", is held by the upper right hand. It symbolizes the purified spiritualized mind. The name Sudarshana is derived from two words – Su, which means good, superior, andDarshana, which means vision or sight; together. The Chakra represents destruction of ego in the awakening and realization of the soul's original nature and god, burning away spiritual ignorance and illusion, and developing higher spiritual vision and insight to realize god.
  • A mace or Gada, named "Kaumodaki",[45] is held by the lower right hand. It symbolizes that Vishnu's divine power is the source of all spiritual, mental and physical strength. It also signifies Vishnu's power to destroy materialistic or demonic tendencies (Anarthas) that prevent people from reaching god. Vishnu's mace is the power of the Divine within us to spiritually purify and uplift us from our materialistic bonds.
  • A lotus flower or Padma is held by the lower left hand. It represents spiritual liberation, Divine perfection, purity and the unfolding of Spiritual consciousness within the individual. The lotus opening its petals in the light of the Sun is indicative of the expansion and awakening of our long dormant, original spiritual consciousness in the light of god. The lotus symbolizes that god is the power and source from which the universe and the individual soul emerges. It also represents Divine Truth orSatya, the originator of the rules of conduct or Dharma, and Divine Vedic knowledge or Jnana. The lotus also symbolizes that Vishnu is the embodiment of spiritual perfection and purity and that He is the wellspring of these qualities and that the individual soul must seek to awaken these intrinsic Divine qualities from Vishnu by surrendering to and linking with Him.

To this may be added, conventionally, the vanamaala flower garland, Vishnu's bow (Shaarnga/Kodand) and his sword Nandaka. A verse of the Vishnu Sahasranama stotram states;vanamālī gadhī shārngī shanki chakri cha nandaki / shrīmān nārāyaņo vişņo vāsudevo abhirakşatu//; translation: Protect us Oh Lord Narayana who wears the forest garland,who has the mace, conch, sword and the wheel. And who is called Vishnu and the Vasudeva.

In general, Vishnu's body is depicted in one of the following three ways:

  • Standing on a lotus flower, often with Lakshmi, his consort, beside him on a similar pedestal.
  • Reclining on the coiled-up thousand-hooded Shesha Naga, with Lakshmi seated at his feet; the assemblage rests on the "Kshira Sagar" (ocean of milk). In this representation, Brahma is depicted as sitting on a lotus that grows out of Vishnu's navel.
  • Riding on the back of his eagle mount, known as Garuda. Another name for Garuda is "Veda atma"; Soul of the Vedas. The flapping of his wings symbolizes the power of the Divine Truth of Vedic wisdom. Also the eagle represents the soul. Garuda carrying Vishnu symbolizes the soul or jiva atma carrying the Super soul or Param atma within it.


Main article: Avatar
See also: Dashavatara
Ten avatars of Vishnu (Matsya,Kurma, Varaha, Vamana, Krishna,Kalki, Buddha, Parshurama, Rama andNarasimha). Painting from Jaipur, now at the Victoria and Albert Museum

Ten avatars (dashavatara) of Vishnu are the most prominent:[46][47] Apart from the most prominent incarnations there are believed to more.

The most commonly believed incarnations of Vishnu are:

  1. Matsya, the fish that kills Damanaka to save the vedas and also saves Manufrom a great flood that submerges the entire Earth.
  2. Kurma, the turtle that helps the Devas and Asuras churn the ocean for the nectar of immortality.
  3. Varaha, the boar that rescues the Earth and kills Hiranyakashipu.
  4. Narasimha, the half-lion half human, who defeats the demon Hiranyakashipu.
  5. Vamana, the dwarf that grows into a giant to save the world from King Bali.
  6. Parashurama, "Rama of the battle axe", a sage who appeared in the Treta Yuga. He killed Kartavirya Arjuna's army and clan and then killed all the kshatriyas 21 times.
  7. Rama, the prince and king of Ayodhya who killed the Demon King Raavan.
  8. Krishna, the eighth avatar of Vishnu.
  9. Buddha, the ninth avatar of Vishnu.[48]
  10. Kalki, the tenth Avatar of Vishnu and said to be the harbinger of the end Kali Yuga.

Some versions of the above list include Hayagreeva among the Dashavataras while some include Buddha as ninth avatar of Vishnu. Another 22 avatars are given in Chapter 3, Canto 1 of the Bhagavata Purana, although it states that "the incarnations of the Lord are innumerable, like rivulets flowing from inexhaustible sources of water".

Beyond Hinduism[edit]


Guru Granth Sahib of Sikhism mentions Vishnu, one verse goes:-

The true Vaishnaav, the devotee of Vishnu, is the one with whom God is thoroughly pleased. He dwells apart from Maya. Performing good deeds, he does not seek rewards. Spotlessly pure is the religion of such a Vaishnaav; he has no desire for the fruits of his labors. He is absorbed in devotional worship and the singing of Kirtan, the songs of the Lord�s Glory. Within his mind and body, he meditates in remembrance on the Lord of the Universe. He is kind to all creatures. He holds fast to the Naam, and inspires others to chant it. O Nanak, such a Vaishnaav obtains the supreme status.[49]


Uthpalawarna Vishnu Devalaya in Devinuwara, Matara, Sri Lanka

While some Hindus consider Buddha as an incarnation of Vishnu, Buddhists in Sri Lanka venerate Vishnu as the custodian deity of Sri Lanka and protector of Buddhism. Lord Vishnu is also known as upulvan, or uthpala varna, meaning "Blue Lotus coloured".Some postulates that Uthpala varna was a local deity who later merged with Vishnu while another belief is that Uthpala Varna was an early form of Vishnu before he became a supreme deity in Puranic Hinduism. According to Chronicles "Mahawamsa", "Chulawamsa" and folklore in Sri Lanka, Buddha himself handed over the custodianship to Vishnu. Others believe that Buddha entrusted this task to Sakra(Indra) and Sakra delegated this task of custodianship to god Vishnu.[50] In contrary to vedic Hinduism, in assimilation of Hindu god Vishnu into Sinhalese Buddhism, Vishnu becomes a mortal being and a Bodhisattva aspiring Buddhahood. Additionally, Vishnu is considered as the god of home and hearth representing mercy, goodness, order and stability. Many Buddhist and Hindu shrines are dedicated to Vishnu in Sri Lanka. In addition to specific Vishnu "Kovils" or "devalayas", all Buddhist temples necessarily house shrine rooms (Devalayas) closer to the main Buddhist shrine dedicated to Vishnu.[51] John Holt in his groundbreaking study examines the assimilation, transformation, and subordination of the Hindu deity Vishnu within the contexts of Sri Lankan history and Sinhala Buddhist religious culture. He then explores the role and rationale of medieval Sinhala kings in assimilating Visnu into Sinhala Buddhism.[52] According to Holt the veneration of Vishnu in Sri Lanka is evidence of a remarkable ability, over many centuries, to reiterate and reinvent culture as other ethnicities have been absorbed into their own. Though the Vishnu cult in Ceylon was formally endorsed by Kandyan kings in early 1700s, Holt states that vishnu images and shrines are among conspicuous ruins in the medieval capital Polonnaruwa. In Buddhist mythology,when Vishnu failed to traverse the universe in three steps,he was given the title "Ardha Vishnu (Half-Vishnu)" and when Vishnu banished demons from the Vaishali (Vishala)in India, he became "Mulu Vishnu or Whole Vishnu". The extreme significance of god Vishnu in Sinhala society is reflected in recitals of the traditional " Offerings to dwarfs and crossing the door frame (bahirwayanta dola pideem saha uluwahu peneema)" that starts with Sri Vishnu invocation.In the recitals,mentioning of the aspiring Buddhahood of Vishnu which is of prime importance to Buddhists and wishes for him to live five thousand and more years highlight the central role of Vishnu in the psyche of Sri Lankan Buddhists.[53]


James Freeman Clarke,[54] Richard Leviton,[55] James Cowles Prichard,[56] and others have noted the similarities between Vishnu and Ancient Egyptian God' Horus.

During an excavation in an abandoned village of Russia in the Volga region, archaeologist Alexander Kozhevin excavated an ancient idol of Vishnu. The idol dates from between the 7th and 10th centuries. In the interview Kozhevin, stated that, "We may consider it incredible, but we have ground to assert that Middle-Volga region was the original land of Ancient Rus. This is a hypothesis, but a hypothesis, which requires thorough research."[57]

Thousand names of Vishnu[edit]

Main article: Vishnu sahasranama

Vishnu's many names and followers are collected in the Vishnu Sahasranama, (Vishnu's thousand names) from within the larger work Mahabharata. The character Bheeshma recites the names before Krishna on the battlefield ofKurukshetra, praising him (Vishnu) as the supreme god. These Sahasranama are regarded as the essence of all Vedas by followers of Vaishnavism, who believe sincere chanting of Vishnu Sahasranama results in spiritual well-being and a greater awareness of God.

The names are generally derived from the Anantakalyanagunas (meaning: infinite auspicious attributes). Some names of Vishnu are:

  • Aniha—Supreme
  • Achintya—Incomprehensible, beyond understanding, also interpreted as remover of all worries from devotees
  • Achyutha—infallible
  • Akshaja
  • Amara—immortal, deathless
  • Ananta—endless, eternal, infinite
  • Anirudha—One who is uncontrollable & unstoppable, one amongst the quadruple form (Chatur-Vyuha) of Lord Vishnu (i.e. Vasudeva, Sankarshana, Pradyumna, Aniruddha)
  • Balaji
  • Damodara—One who was tied with a cord (daama) around his waist (udara) in Krishna avatara by his mother Yasoda, One who has entire universe as his abode
  • Govinda—One who is attainable by Vedic chanting, one who is finally known by vedas, Protector of cows
  • Hari—One who takes away (all the pains & the material existence of his devotees and destroys sansara for them i.e. gives them moksha)
  • Hayagreeva—horse-necked incarnation taken to save vedas
  • Jagannatha —owner/Ruler of the world/universe
  • Janardana—one who is worshiped for Wealth
  • Keshava—one whose Kesa (hair) is long, uncut and beautiful, one who destroyed the asura or demon Keshi in the Krishna avatara, one who is himself the three: kah Brahma; ah Vishnu and Isha Shiva
  • Kṛshna—born during the third epoch or yuga, his deeds range from cow protection (go rakshya) to absolving the earth of sins
  • Madhava—Husband (Dhava) of Lakshmi (Ma i.e. Mother), Lord of Knowledge
  • Madhusudana—Destroyer of demons Madhu-Kaitabh in order to rescue Brahma
  • Narayana—The final refuge of all Nara (Jivas), one who resides (ayana) in all the jivas (nara), one who rests (ayana) on water (nara) within the universe
  • Padmanabha—lotus-naveled one, from whose navel sprang the lotus which contained Brahma, who created the universe
  • Parthasarathy—charioteer of Arjuna/Partha
  • Perumal, Thirumaal, Aravamudhan and Maalavan (in Tamil language)
  • Purushottama—The Supreme Purusha or Supreme God
  • Ram—born during the second epoch or Yuga, his deeds primarily established the ideal living principles for a man
  • Hrishikesha—Lord of the senses or Lord within the heart; "hri" root meaning the heart
  • Satyanarayana—combination of Satya and Narayana meaning 'protector of truth'
  • Shikhandee—He who wears a peacock feather.
  • Sooryanarayana—the one who destroys the evil/sins and who comforts us) described in Vishnu kautuvam, One whose form is Sun
  • Shreedhara—One who sustains Lakshmi (Shri), One on whose chest resides Lakshmi
  • Shreeman—the pride of Shree or Lakshmi); Often Sriman is combined with the name, Narayana, to form a compound word,Shreeman Narayana.
  • Shreenivasa—the abode of Shree) (also specifically referring to his form in the temple at Tirupati). Also the form of Vishnu at Tirupati is well known as Venkateswara.
  • Trivikrama—who measured the entire universe in three footsteps in Vamana avatara
  • Vishala—immense, The Unstoppable One
  • Vamana—who took Vamana avatara to help Indra
  • Vāsudeva—One who resides in all living beings and in turn all living beings reside in him, one amongst the quadruple form (Chatur-Vyuha) of Lord Vishnu (i.e. Vasudeva, Sankarshana, Pradyumna, Aniruddha); it also means "the son of Vasudeva", i.e. Krishna
  • Shree-eesha—one who has Shree or Lakshmi as his consort / Husband of Goddess Lakshmi
  • Guruvayurappan—Lord of Guruvayur (Temple made by Guru Bṛhaspati & Vayu), in Malayalam language.
  • Jagannatha—Lord of Jagat or the World.
  • Sohama—the most intelligent: the strongest form of Vishnu with a thousand brains

According to the Siddhartha-samhita there are twenty-four forms of Lord Vishnu. The twenty-four forms are

Upulvan, Uthpala Varna - In Sri Lanka, Vishnu is also referred to as Upulvan ( Blue Lotus Coloured)

Named after Vishnu[edit]

4034 Vishnu is an asteroid discovered by Eleanor F. Helin [58]

Vishnu rocks are volcanic sediments in Grand canyon. Consequently, the mass formation is also being proclaimed as Vishnu temple.[59]

See also[edit]

 Media related to Vishnu at Wikimedia Commons


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  4. Jump up^ "Chapter 2: Beyond the Senses". Teachings of Queen Kuntī. Bhaktivedanta VedaBase Network. Retrieved 27 April 2014. "... like the modern scientist. They want to know everything by their experimental knowledge. But it is not possible to know the Supreme Person by imperfect experimental knowledge. He is described herein as adhokṣaja, or beyond the range of experimental knowledge."
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  6. Jump up^ Bhagavad Gita 4.7 "... at that time I descend Myself"
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  57. Jump up^ Ancient Vishnu idol found in Russian town" Times of India 4 Jan 2007
  58. Jump up^
  59. Jump up^

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]


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