by Dee Finney


updated 12-22-2002


This is a dream experience from a reader of this site. It occurred during the night of 12-22-2002:

I went to a mall. It was obviously a Western mall, judging by the names of the stores and the people in the mall . . . probalby US or Canada. This happened at a busy time in the mall . . . it was full of people.

There was a man in the mall . . . a young man with a black jacket on. He was of eastern descent, or mixed eastern descent. He had a small spot of hair on his chin that was really too small to call much of a beard, but was there anyway. He had black hair and was walking with clear purpose to the center of the mall to the most crowded spot . . . the food court.

His hand was in his pocket, holding on to the detenator to a bomb that was strapped around his waist under his jacket. He was repeating some prayers and trying to focus his thought on the idea that he would soon be seeing Allah. And though the words he was thinking were not in English, I could understand them in English, because dreams are like that.

As he walked down thru the crowds towards the food court, I watched with the feeling of the impending horror. He was just coming down the last few feet to reach the place he intended and I could see he was about to do something.

Just then my attention was drawn to a woman walking with a little toddler who was obviously just starting to walk. They were heading towards the man. She looked Indian (from India) she was dressed in a sari. The child was walking with the mother who was pushing a now empty stroller . . . then suddenly and with more agility that I would have thought possible for such a wobbly baby, the baby ran to the man who had the bomb strapped around him. Mom started to dart towards the baby.

The man reached down and picked the child up with his free arm. For a split second I heard him think that maybe he would be holding the child when he exploded and he would find himself in front of all with the child in his hands like a gift to the Almighty One. But he didn't think long before the baby started to babble in baby talk to him.

BUT instead of babble, the man didn't hear baby babble, he hears his own Father's voice say to him in a commanding way "ALLAH FORBIDS YOU TO DO THIS!" (but in his own language, I just understood it in English).

The man looked at the child, slowly took his hand out of his pocket and off the detitanator, then handed the child to her mother . . . then he turned around and quickly walked out of the mall.

NOTE: Are there more of these men out there like this?



US On Alert For Smallpox Terror Attack

By Jeremy Laurence - Independent News

The US government has ordered 40 million doses of smallpox vaccine from a British company in a sign of the growing alarm that terrorists could unleash lethal viruses in future battles against Western states.

The astonishing size of the contract - worth $343m (£200m) - highlights the fears on both sides of the Atlantic about the threat of biological terrorism. If a virus such as smallpox was released, the speed of modern communications could spread the infection all over the world in days.

In the UK, the health department warned all NHS hospitals last year to prepare for a criminal or terrorist attack on their local populations involving biological weapons. Police teams trained by scientists from Porton Down, the government research centre on biological and chemical warfare, have been formed to take the lead role in the event of an attack.

The British Medical Association said that advances in technology meant biological weapons were now easier to manufacture than chemical ones, increasing the risk that they could be used in an attack.

Over the past 40 years there have been 121 incidents around the world involving the use of biological agents. The use of sarin nerve gas in an attack by a Japanese terrorist organisation six years ago, in which 12 people were killed and 5,000 injured, focused world attention on the threat. The US last year set aside $1.4bn (£940m) for protection against chemical or biological attacks.

The latest contract for smallpox vaccine is against a disease that no longer exists - and the world must hope it will never encounter again. It was eradicated from the planet in 1980 and only two research institutions - one in the US and one in Russia - still retain stocks of the virus.

The threat of a smallpox attack is highlighted in the preview edition of Infectious Diseases, a new journal published by The Lancet. Donald Henderson of the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health said: "A large stockpile of vaccine is a very high priority because smallpox has a 30 per cent fatality rate. There is no vaccine production capacity anywhere in the world and we now have a very susceptible population."

The vaccine ordered by the US government is being manufactured by a US subsidiary of the Cambridge-based UK biotechnology company Acambis, formerly known as Peptide Therapeutics. Delivery to the US government's Center for Disease Control in Atlanta is due to start from mid-2004.

A spokeswoman said: "At the moment we are going through the process of developing and licensing the vaccine, but under the contract we have the right to sell it to anyone who wants it. When the time comes we will be marketing it to other governments, including the UK. It certainly would be a logical step for them to take."

The likelihood of a chemical or biological attack in the UK is seen as low by the Department of Health, but the results could be devastating. Working parties have been set up to consider the threat and exercises have been run in parts of the country. Lists of the most likely agents to be used have been drawn up, together with advice on how many people they might kill or injure, and strategies for treating the victims.

In the US, fear of biological terrorism has become as unnerving as the threat itself. President Clinton's declaration in 1998 that he expected a biological or chemical attack within the next five years has fuelled alarm and provided fertile ground for hoaxers.

UPDATE: 6-10-02

FROM: Anonymous
Hi all,

I had these dreams that my friend and I were flying these black and yellow helicopters.
We were on this mission where we had targetted homes that we would drop a yellow
block of a powdery substance over a home which would crumble and turn into yellow dust.
It reminded me of pollen...

My friend and I were in contact by radio...but each had there own chopper to fly. The
blocks we dropped were some sort of cure or medicine to stop this epidemic that had
already leaked out from spreading. It had started in the East and spread outward
toward other was a nerve disease that could be passed from human to human...
no one knew about the outbreak. We silently would pass over the infected homes and
drop this yellow block of compacted powder which would turn into powder before it hit the
house. We knew we were helping a lot of people from having nerve damage.

This dream was quite long...we had on these black jumpsuits...thick ones.

love y'all....C

UPDATE : 4-14-01

Please keep me posted, Dee. I dreamed last night of a map of the DC area. 
There was a square drawn around the White House and Capitol buildings. 
If this is Palestinian in origin, then an attack would likely come when the 
Senate is in full session, where as much mayhem, murder of US leaders 
would be most likely to happen.

It appears that there must be some extensive knowledge of Jewish history 
to work the Bible Code. I am not able to work with the program just yet. 
So a contact has given me some people to contact to work extensively 
with the symbols being given.
It would be so good if a tragedy could be averted.  With your dreamwork 
I believe that such an event could easily begin WWIII, something that 
would suit the purposes of the dark forces nicely. However, let's not give 
them that opportunity by God's Design! Let's keep comparing notes and 
see what gives. Blessings, D

NOTE: From Dee:  I used my own Bible Code software last night and found 
all three words, 'mall', 'pathogen' and 'Washington' all lined up in a row under 
each other ... all touching.  

Perhaps someone could double check this since I'm no expert in the Bible Code. 

Send your findings to:

UPDATE: 4-11-01 - 

Meditation: I heard a telephone ring in my head while laying in bed.  
(Both phones were off the hook so I could get some sleep.)

A woman's voice said, "You need to go back to 010. From Moriah above 010.  
From our door to yours, Astrology, from us to you."

I then saw a newspaper that looked like it was in front of the Capital building.  
It was a huge black and white picture. There were men running around like
they were in a panic. There was no headline above it, so it obviously hasn't 
happened yet, whatever it is.  

NOTE:  I was reminded by a friend that there is a song in which the wind is called
Moriah.  And in the dream below, the man is in a wheelchair with a type of
airtank behind him.   If it was me, I would not go into Washington, D.C.
during this period.  Remember that the area in front of the White House
is called, "The Mall!"  


I know this is just a dream, but .....

3-9-2001 - DREAM. I went to a mall in some large city. I went into a book store.
Inside the store, a man in a large wheelchair was being interviewed by a reporter.
The man in the wheelchair had airtanks on a platform behind his seat, and he
was wearing like a diver's bell glass helmet over his head with air tubes going
both in and out, so he didn't breathe on the people, not to protect him from the
customers. He had some kind of contagious air breathing disease he could
spread around to anyone he came in contact with.

As I was looking through the books, the clerk said it was lunchtime and she was
going to go into the back room to eat lunch. She told me to call her when I was
ready to check out.

There was a closet off to the side of the table and I wandered into the closet
and on the shelf were some interesting looking things. The shelves in this closet
had all kinds of stuff in it

On the top shelf in the closet was a thick/heavy large dark brown bag which
contained clothing of someone. I couldn't figure out why clothing would be stashed
in the closet of a bookstore. Unless something was being stored that way.

I turned around and there stood a short older, balding man with a large clipboard,
held sideways to him, against his stomach, on which he had an open magazine like
Time Magazine. It was open to the centerfold page, so that the picture was double
paged. The picture was a HUGE explosion ... all black and red fire ...I'm talking
HUGE. On the picture, across both pictures were the words


End of Dream.

I don't have a subscription to Time Magazine so I don't know how many pages
are normally in that magazine, but it came to me that it was necessary to know this
number. But, I just happened to have an old copy of the Time Magazine
with a picture of McVeigh on the cover, dated May 1, 1995, so I went to count
the pages in it. The article about the Oklahoma bombing started on the
centerfold page, with a double paged picture of the Oklahoma building  
(Alfred P. Murrah) that was bombed. It was on page 36 The article ran from
page 36 to 51.

Today is March 9, so if you add 36 to March 9, you come to April 14th ... and
the spread of pages of 36 to 51 would end at April 29th. Right in the middle is April
19th, the anniversary of the Oklahoma bombing. Since I don't have any other
copies of the Time magazine, the numbers might come out a little different,
but this is too close to be comfortable for me.

On March 15 1995, I had three dreams in which the word Oklahoma was given
to me, and one of the dreams had McVeigh in it with a group of Arab looking
people in a bunkhouse type building and in the dream, McVeigh's head blew up
and his brain was made with wires sticking out of it. At the time, I didn't have
internet access and didn't know anyone, and didn't even know that dreams could
be predictive of anything. Besides that, where is the Arab looking suspect with
dark skin they didn't question enough?

When I say that the dream had McVeigh in it, I'm not kidding ... it was his face ...
how can you forget that face ... he is wanting to be executed... on what date?
On the anniversary or close to that date?

Enough questions. I suggest someone remote view this and see if I'm just whistling
in the dark with this.





30 police hurt as protest turns nasty 

By Brad Norington and Philip Cornford 

Police arrested 34 people during clashes outside the Australian Stock Exchange in
Sydney yesterday as protesters from the M1 group took part in worldwide
anti-globalisation demonstrations.

In a high-spirited but mostly peaceful demonstration lasting almost 12 hours, the only major incident occurred when demonstrators broke an agreement with police, surging from Bridge Street into Pitt Street before 11am.

Protesters made a vain attempt to block a paddy wagon carrying a prisoner who had resisted police attempts to move a van on the street corner.

This single arrest sparked an hour-long struggle during which 50 Target Action Group police and 15 mounted police gradually forced back several hundred protesters into Bridge Street so that Pitt Street could reopen for traffic.

About 30 police were injured, including one with suspected broken ribs, and another who was jabbed with the fastening pin of his name tag. An unknown number of demonstrators suffered injuries.

Only one demonstrator was charged in Sydney by the day's end. Others arrested were taken to the Sydney Police Centre at Surry Hills and issued with notices for breaching the peace before being released to rejoin fellow demonstrators.

The M1 group, a loose-knit coalition of radicals and students, staged protests at Stock Exchange centres in all capitals yesterday, the start of similar May Day action planned for cities including London and New York.

About 2,000 people assembled in Bridge Street at 7am and blockaded all entrances of the Stock Exchange. Police guarded the doors and closed off part of the street.

Following the Pitt Street melee, most protesters were escorted by police on a zigzag march through the city with stops at State Parliament House, the Prime Minister's office and the offices of Australasian Correctional Management, the company that runs detention centres.

In Melbourne, where police had erected barricades outside the Stock Exchange, the protest ran peacefully, in stark contrast to violence during anti-globalisation protests by the S11 group last September. Police yesterday also made 35 arrests in Brisbane and six in Perth.

A spokesman for M1, Mr Sean Healy, said protesters had delivered "exactly what we promised" by blockading exchanges to highlight opposition to "global corporate tyranny" on May Day.

However, the blockade had no adverse effect on the sharemarket, with trading operating normally by electronic transactions from brokers' offices.

A spokesman for the Stock Exchange, Mr Gervase Green, said volumes were higher than normal, with 50,000 trades worth $1.6  billion and an extraordinary 75,000 options trades.

Mr Green said exchange staff entered the Sydney building before protests began and worked as normal.

The M1 protests attracted strong criticism from the Prime Minister, Mr Howard, who singled out what he called the group's use of schoolchildren as "pawns" in some of yesterday's demonstrations.

The Opposition Leader, Mr Beazley, said he supported the right to protest but not in a way that interfered with other people or failed to keep the peace.






Protesters battle police at Summit of Americas

April 20, 2001

QUEBEC CITY, Canada (CNN) --
Protesters clashed with police today near the Summit of the Americas after the crowd tore down parts of a fence and barricades erected to keep them away from the conference in southeastern Canada. 

Riot police with helmets, batons and shields stood shoulder-to-shoulder trying to maintain their perimeter while demonstrators lobbed rocks, bottles and parts of the fence at the officers. 

Police answered with tear gas. Protesters picked up some of the tear gas canisters and tossed them back at police. The air soon grew hazy with the gas.  In a scene reminiscent of the protests against the Vietnam War, one young woman walked down the row of police offering them a flower. 

Protesters vehemently oppose a free trade agreement -- which is high on the agenda of the summit of 34 Western Hemisphere leaders -- because they believe it would benefit only multinational corporations. 

Authorities brought in 6,000 police officers from across Canada because of violence at the 1999 World Trade Organization conference in Seattle, Washington. 


Friday, 20 April, 2001 Confrontation in Quebec

President Bush hopes to persuade other leaders to join in a free trade pact There have been angry clashes involving police and demonstrators outside the conference venue in Quebec where hemispheric leaders were to open the third Summit of the Americas. 

The protesters, many of them wearing gas masks, stormed into the security zone and
succeded in pulling down a 160-metre stretch of a perimeter fence. 

They also hurled stones and bottles at riot police, who responded with tear gas and baton charges. 

Several dozen riot police formed a line and marched on the demonstrators, forcing them
to retreat. 

Reports said two officers were injured and demonstrators had smashed window of a
nearby petrol station. 

Diverse range 

The vast bulk of demonstrators argue that free trade, one of the goals of the three-day
summit of leaders of 34 countries in the Americas, hurts the poor and the environment.

The demonstrators represent a diverse range of activists - human rights organisations,
environmental groups and organised labour. 

The major demonstration planned for the summit is a Saturday march, with organisers expecting thousands from Canada, the Latin America and the United States to take part. 

Protests are also planned far from Quebec City, with marches or blockades threatened in
other Canadian and US cities. Cyberprotests could also occur. 

Quebec authorities have already arrested some demonstrators who they say were planning on violent protests. 

'Free hemisphere' 

President Bush, who will meet Latin American leaders individually later on Friday, has launched a charm offensive to try and persuade his fellow heads of government of the advantages of free trade. 

He told reporters that his goal was to create an "entire hemisphere that is both prosperous and free." 

"It is a great task to make the Americas the Land of Opportunity" he said. 

"Our goal in Quebec is to build a hemisphere of liberty. We must approach this goal in a spirit of civility, mutual respect and appreciation for our shared values," Mr Bush added. 

Mr Bush made it clear that as well as discussing the drug problem, promoting his free trade plan was his top priority. 


Mr Bush faces the most resistance from Brazil, the largest economy in South America, which would like to see US concessions on agricultural subsidies. 

The role of Mexico is also in doubt. Currently the only Latin American country to enjoy unrestricted access to US markets, it is loathe to give up that privilege. 

The Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) would encompass nearly all the countries of the Americas with a combined population of 800 million who produce goods and services totalling $11.4 trillion - bigger than the European Union. 

The plan, if approved by 2005, would eliminate or make very low tariffs on goods moving between countries. It would also streamline customs regulations, eliminate quotas and subsidies and remove other impediments to trade. 


Sunday April 22 8:52 AM ET
Protestors Shut Down Canada Border

BLAINE, Wash. (AP) - A gathering of about 3,000 people shut down a stretch of the U.S.-Canadian border for more than four hours Saturday in the largest of several American demonstrations against the free trade summit in Quebec.

In San Diego, about 1,000 people demonstrated at the U.S.-Mexican border. Some participants in a demonstration of about 400 people briefly blocked traffic near the entrance of the tunnel that links Detroit and Windsor, Ontario. And in Vermont, about 200 people rallied.

The protest in Blaine, a town of about 3,800, remained peaceful as demonstrators chanted, gave speeches and sang songs against the Summit of the Americas, where representatives from 34 countries were negotiating a Free Trade Area of the Americas.

Canadian and U.S. authorities closed the border so no one would be hurt, Cpl. Janice Armstrong of the Canadian police said. She praised the organizers for a ``very peaceful, well planned and well organized'' demonstration.

Eight people - all believed to be Canadian citizens - were arrested and taken to Surrey, British Columbia, for processing. They face Canadian charges of participating in an unlawful assembly.

The rally at the U.S.-Mexico border resulted in a 20-minute standoff between rock-throwing protesters and police in riot gear, but there were no injuries or arrests, police said.

Several dozen people in Detroit blocked traffic near the tunnel entrance for about 20 minutes in a show of support for demonstrators at the Summit of the Americas. No arrests were made.


Leaders Wrapping Up Quebec Summit

By TONY SMITH, Associated Press Writer

QUEBEC (AP) - Making democracy the heart of the world's most ambitious free trade agreement, Western hemisphere leaders met Sunday to wind up 34-nation summit in a city littered with the debris of angry clashes between protesters and riot police.

President Bush and leaders from across the Americas, meeting behind heavily guarded chain-link fences in this picturesque city, attended a church service before starting their final session, in which they were expected to sign a final declaration.

They agreed Saturday that only democratic nations should share the fruits of the free-trade zone of 800 million people that is to link markets from Alaska to Argentina by 2005.

``From this day forward, the benefits of any agreements we reach will flow only to those nations that abide by our democratic clause,'' host Premier Jean Chretien said at a news conference.

Even Venezuela's populist Hugo Chavez - who staged a failed coup as a young lieutenant colonel in 1992 - told reporters Sunday that his country would sign despite reservations.

``In Venezuela's case, representative democracy has been a trap that almost led the country to bloodshed,'' he said. ``Some barons who were elected felt that they had a blank check to rob, betray and steamroll others.''

On Saturday, Chavez said he believes that ``the threats to democracy in Latin America and the Caribbean are not the armed forces or conspiratory movements, but hunger and poverty.''

The leaders were expected to release a draft text of the free-trade accord on Sunday.

That would meet a key demand of citizens' groups who have protested peacefully here since the summit started Friday.

But it is unlikely to appease more radical, rock-throwing protesters intent on tearing down the summit perimeter fence. Those protesters have clashed with nightstick-wielding riot police who responded with water cannons, tear gas and rubber bullets.

More clashes occurred overnight, with protesters setting fires and smashing windows in an area near the riverfront. At the Holiday Inn Select hotel, manager Lyne Bergeron said a few windows were broken, and one had a large metal bar through it. Nothing was stolen.

Streets were quiet on a rainy Sunday morning, but security remained tight in case of more protests.

Police said nearly 30,000 marchers processed through Quebec City on Saturday, with a few thousand growing violent along the security fence. In two days of unrest, at least 46 police officers and 57 demonstrators were injured. Police made at least 250 arrests.

Protests continued into the night and a stinging mist of tear gas settled on the city as the leaders and their spouses gathered at the Congress Center for dinner and entertainment.

U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell, a former general, told reporters he wasn't bothered by the fumes: ``It didn't affect me, but an old infantryman always remembers what tear gas and pot smell like when you walk into the barracks.''

The so-called ``democracy clause'' would exclude any country that ceases to be a democracy from participation in future summits, membership of the Free Trade Area of the Americas and the benefits of the Inter-American Development Bank, a key regional financier, Chretien said.

The idea is to strengthen multiparty systems that have replaced military and civilian dictatorships across the region over the past two decades but have appeared increasingly shaky in some countries as economic prosperity has failed to follow.

Cuba was the only country in the region excluded from the Quebec summit, for its lack of free elections.

One by one on Saturday, the leaders argued that expanded trade would buoy a variety of social causes.

Bush said democracies would take root. Costa Rican President Miguel Angel Rodriguez said tiny economies like his would flourish. Colombian President Andres Pastrana said his country would be better equipped to fight drug trafficking.

Mindful of the protesters outside, even the most vocal free traders acknowledged the down sides.

Mexican President Vicente Fox, whose nation joined Canada and the United States in a 1994 free-trade pact, said the benefits of lower tariffs help economies but can bypass the poor.

``There is a lot to celebrate, but there is also a lot to lament,'' Fox said. ``We need a strong expansion of economic citizenship, to democratize the markets. Only by doing that can we develop the energy of the millions who have been excluded from economic development.''

Even Bush felt compelled to offer a new South and Central American program to help modernize judicial institutions, protect basic human rights and root out corruption.

``Free and open trade creates new jobs and new income. It lifts the lives of our people,'' he said.

See Below for more:


Fireball over Mt. Carmel Center on April 19, 1993 (Time Magazine, May 3, 1993).

  • WACO NEWS - 1999
  • The Waco, Texas, Massacre - April 19, 1993
  • The Massacre of the Branch Davidians

Catalog of Evidence
List of Autopsy Reports
Waco Holocaust Electronic Museum:   Burial
Waco Holocaust Electronic Museum - Linda Thompson Archives
Waco Holocaust Electronic Museum: Death
    • Untitled
  • UNT CJUS Cults, Hate Groups, Militias and Terrorists Links
  • The Greatest Truth Ever Revealed To Mankind!
  • Gun/Firearms Related Media Articles
  • Apocalypse Forever
The Davidian Massacre
  • Waco Holocaust Electronic Museum
  • Merchants of Sex, Sin & Salvation
          • FBI Failures & Criticism
  • WACO: The Rules of Engagement - Home Page
  • Forensic Video Tape Expert
Getting The Facts Correct
Initial Assault on Waco - A newsflash story.
Questions for Congress About Waco - Wow, lots of questions.
TRAC ATF Site - Get your ATF stats here.
The Secret Service
- A listing of some abuses by the Secret Service.
U.S. To Get "DOMESTIC Terrorism Center

If an Agent Knocks
- Federal investigators and your rights.
On Tyranny
- More abuses by a tyrannical entity.
- My God, sounds like a union between Hitler and Farenheit 451.
Law Enforcement Abuses

- Abuses cataloged by National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers.



Alfred P. Murrah Building Bombing
Alfred P. Murrah Building Bombing: Oklahoma City
Anthony Hilder's Photos

The Explosive evidence

 Arizona Extremists' Possible Link to Suspect Explored

Bombing Survivor Stories

Bombing Survivor Stories - 2
 Congressman Frank Lucas, U.S. House of Representatives, 6th

FEMA: Oklahoma City Bombing Archives

FEMA - Photographs
Informant Barred from Trial
 Information on Militias
John Doe 2 Identified - Part II
John Doe 2 Identified - Part III
McVeigh's Trial Transcripts

McVeigh Condemned to Death

OKC Bombing and the "Ryder" Truck
 Oklahoma Bombing Organization
Oklahoma City Bombing - Reports

Oklahoma City Bombing

Oklahoma City Bombing - Court Documents

 Special Report: The Oklahoma City bombing
  • Terrorism Research Center: OKC Bombing

The FBI's Reaction to Oklahoma City bombing
They want to take your freedoms away.
The McVeigh - Kohl Connections
Seismogram's Offer Insight
The Oklahoma City Bombing Memorial to the Victims
The Oklahoma City Bombing: A Psychiatrist’s Experience
The Oklahoma City Bombing-Archive
The Truck
The Oklahoma City Bombing Trial: CD

Without Justice, there is JUST_US!

The Oklahoma City Bombing Trial : Terry Nichols
The Oklahoma City Bombing - Second Trial

Atomic Suitcase Bombs

In 1997, the public became aware of a Russian nuclear device they had not known even existed--the so-called suitcase bomb. These devices were made for the Soviet KGB. One of these bombs had an explosive charge of one kiloton, equivalent to one thousand tons of TNT. If a device like this made its way to the U.S. it could destroy everything within a half-mile radius of the Capitol in Washington, D.C. Within hours, prevailing winds would carry the nuclear fallout throughout Washington.

In the 1960s the U.S. built its own version of a mini nuclear device-- the Special Atomic Demolition Munition (SADM). It weighed 80-100 pounds, was small enough to fit in a duffel bag or large case and was designed for sabotage missions-- airfields, bridges, dams. Like the Russian device, it had an explosive charge of roughly one thousand tons of TNT ( one kiloton).

Film of the SADM was declassified in 1997 and shows how it would be deployed by a parachutist for a jump mission into water to reach a target. Although the parachute jumps and retrieval operations were rehearsed many times, the project was never put to use and these nuclear devices do not exist in current stockpiles.

Rep. Curt Weldon, citing the Congressional testimony of KGB defector Vasili Mitrokhim and Russian General Alexander Lebed, said the former Soviet Union produced 132 suitcase-sized, 10 KILOTON nuclear weapons to be hide in USA. The FBI won't comment, but Congressional soureces said that agents have already conducted at least one seach-in Brainerd, Minn (Filmed Dakota) for secret stockpiles.


Also see:

Ongoing Speculation about missing Russian 'Suitcase Nukes'

Disarmament Diplomacy -- Issue No 19

In late September, Alexander Lebed, Russia's former chief of national security, repeated his assertion, first made earlier in the month, that Russia may have 'lost' up to 100 1-kiloton 'suitcase-sized' nuclear bombs. Speaking in Tokyo on 22 September, Lebed said that despite unequivocal denials of his claim by the authorities, "the problem still exists." "Unfortunately," he added, "some people chose to protect their name or laugh off the issue." He repeated his view of the gravity of the situation: "These are ideal weapons to conduct nuclear terrorism... We must seriously look for them or else humankind cannot rest in peace."

Lebed revealed that he was investigating the matter when he was dismissed by President Yeltsin (October 1996). This was corroborated by another former official, Vladimir Denisov, who told the Interfax news agency on 22 September that he had headed an investigation team. According to Denisov, no missing weapons had been reported, but the investigation was incomplete - in particular, not having yet covered the Baltic States, Ukraine or Georgia - when it was terminated.

Also on 22 September, Alexander Yablokov, former advisor to the President on environmental issues, made clear that the weapons Lebed referred to had been produced - though he did not say he agreed that some might be missing. Speaking on the NTV television channel, Yablokov stated: "I talked to those who did those bombs. And I know that they exist." Yablokov had earlier made this claim in a letter, dated 9 September, in the weekly newspaper Novaya Gazeta: "The statement by Alexander Lebed concerning suitcases with nuclear bombs is definitely not groundless."

In Washington on 3 October, Yaklokov again insisted that the suitcase-sized bombs did exist. Addressing the US House of Representatives' Military Research and Development Subcommittee, Yaklokov referred to the weapons as "atomic demolition munitions" (see below). "I am absolutely sure that they have been made," he said. He went on to make the startling claim that they had been developed not by the Defence Ministry but by the KGB - and that their development was kept secret from the Defence Ministry: "It was the KGB, not the Ministry of Defence, that ordered it [the production]. They were never included in the official list of Soviet stockpiles."

Yaklokov's testimony was curtly dismissed by State Department spokesperson James Rubin (3 October): "there is no evidence other than hearsay to support such claims; therefore, we give such claims little credibility... We have no information or evidence suggesting that nuclear weapons were ever developed for or put under the control of the KGB." Rubin added:

"[Russia] continues to assure us that it retains adequate command and control [of nuclear weapons] and that appropriate physical security arrangements exist for these weapons and facilities... We have no reason or evidence to doubt these assurances."

Russian officials were indeed kept busy refuting the allegations. On 23 September, a government spokesperson, Igor Shabdurasulov, stated: "All speculation about the existence of such devices does not correspond with reality." The same day, Defence Minister Igor Sergeyev told NTV television: "Nuclear weapons are under constant control. And today I, as a Defence Minister, have no fears."

On 26 September, Igor Valynkin, a senior Defence Ministry official, averred that "nuclear suitcases have never been produced and are not now being produced." However, on 2 October, US Department of Defense spokesperson Captain Mike Doubleday observed: "I think we are aware that the Russian nuclear arsenal contained atomic demolition munitions which some people define or characterize as suitcase bombs. They are not really suitcase bombs since it requires two people to carry them, and they are not flat, so that they don't fit in suitcases." Doubleday added: "We had munitions that were small like that, also. They were tactical nuclear weapons."

Reports: Ecologist - Russia had suitcase bomb, Associated Press, 22 September; Lebed insists nuclear bombs are missing, Reuters, 22 September; Russia may have 'lost' nuclear bombs, Reuters, 22 September; Expert - Russia may have lost suitcase nukes, Reuters, 23 September; Moscow denies suitcase bombs, Associated Press, 23 September; Official - Russia has no atom briefcase bombs, Reuters, 24 September; Russia says it never produced nuclear suitcases, Reuters, 26 September; Department of Defense Briefing, 2 October; US sees no KGB role in Russia's nuclear arms, Reuters, 3 October; State Department Briefing, 3 October; Russian scientist backs claim of 'suitcase nukes,' Reuters, 3 October.

© 1998 The Acronym Institute.


Clinton proposes anti-terrorism plan

January 22, 1999

WASHINGTON (AllPolitics, January 22) --

Warning that terrorists are seeking new tools of destruction, President Clinton said Friday he will ask Congress for $2.8 billion to help the United States guard against attacks via computers, viruses or chemicals.

"Because of the speed with which change is occurring in our society, we've got to be sure we do everything we can to close the gap between offense and defense," Clinton said in a speech at the National Academy of Sciences.

He said the United States has to guard against attacks on the nation's computer network, banking systems, power grids and other essential services. Similarly, he said the government must accelerate research and development into defenses against germ warfare and chemical attacks.

"We're doing everything we can in ways that I can -- and ways that I cannot -- discuss to try to stop people who would misuse chemical and biological capacity from getting that capacity," the president said.

"This is not a cause for panic," he added. "It is a cause for serious, deliberate, disciplined, long-term concern."

Clinton said he is seeking $1.4 billion to implement anti- terrorism measures for chemical and biological weapons, including research for new vaccines and diagnostic tools.

The government has got to fund this," he said. "There is no market for the kinds of things we need to develop and if we do our job right, there never will be a market."

Clinton said an additional $1.46 billion should go to implement a plan to protect the nation's computer systems from terrorists.

The money would fund the following initiatives:

Research toward better methods to detect computer hackers.

The development of detection networks, first for the Department of Defense and later other key agencies, to signal other systems when an intruder is detected in one.   An information center for the private sector to help it protect against invasion of its computer   systems.

Building up the ranks of government computer experts able to deal with a terrorist crisis.

In an interview with The New York Times published Friday, Clinton said it is "highly likely" that a terrorist group would launch or threaten a germ or chemical attack on U.S. soil within the next few years.

Clinton said the threat that "keeps me awake at night" is the possibility of a biological attack.

"A chemical attack would be horrible, but it would be finite," he said. But a biological attack could spread, "kind of like the gift that keeps on giving," the president said.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.





By Terry Atlas, Washington Bureau, August 13, 1998, Pg 10

WASHINGTON -- The bombings of two U.S. Embassies in Africa, as bad as they were, pale against the kinds of terrorist threats envisioned by U.S. officials.

Even as the U.S. reinforces security abroad and at home, officials are anticipating the day when extremists give up powerful explosives in favor of lethal microbes and toxic chemicals capable of causing even more terror and death.

The Pentagon, for instance, recently staged a mock attack by terrorists, who infiltrated the building, took hostage Defense Secretary William Cohen's staff and released the deadly nerve agent sarin.

The May exercise, which involved more than 500 people, including the Pentagon's SWAT team, FBI, local police and a metropolitan medical strike team, was intended to test contingency plans for a domestic chemical or biological terror attack.

Such concerns were reflected in a presidential order, signed days before the Pentagon drill, which gave heightened priority to counter-terrorism efforts. In June, Clinton asked Congress for $294 million in additional counter-terrorism spending to stockpile antidotes and antibiotics and to train federal and local officials how to respond to a chemical or biological attack.

In a report to Congress earlier this year, the General Accounting Office said emergency response personnel in fewer than two dozen of 120 earmarked cities have been trained so far in general terrorism responses under a $30 million program passed by Congress in 1996. Chicago is among the cities where personnel have been trained.

Also, the GAO said conventional explosives and firearms, not exotic new weapons, are likely to continue as the "weapons of choice."

"Terrorists are less likely to use chemical and biological weapons than conventional explosives, although the likelihood that they may use chemical and biological materials may increase over the next decade," the GAO said.

After the bombings in Kenya and Tanzania, the FBI sent a terrorism alert to all federal government buildings, but officials wouldn't say whether government buildings have increased security.

In its annual report on terrorism, issued last week, the FBI listed three instances of domestic terrorism in 1996, the most recent year for which it releases such information. They were the Centennial-Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta and two bombings and bank robberies attributed to members of the Phineas Priesthood, a white supremacist group.

The FBI reported preventing five planned domestic terrorist incidents--including an attack on law enforcement personnel and bombings of federal buildings-- that security analysts said show the continuing dangers.

"Do we see an increasing threat on the domestic level? I'm afraid we do," said Clark Staten, executive director of the Emergency Response and Research Institute, a Chicago-based organization that advises government and business about emergency response and security issues.

In the aftermath of the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing, Washington has spent $397 million on security improvements at federal buildings around the country. Along with physical measures, such as barriers and metal detectors, the government has more than doubled the number of guards at federal buildings to over 5,300 from 2,300.

Robert Peck, a top official at the General Services Administration, told a congressional committee in June that the government has completed 90 percent of the 8,000 security improvements recommended in the wake of Oklahoma City. "In many cases, the remaining improvements are more difficult--they require building redesigns or renovations," he said.

In recent years, the General Services Administration, which manages federal buildings, has replaced about 40 courthouses with new, more secure buildings. In Hammond, Ind., for instance, the new building was designed so that windows in judges' chambers are not exposed to the street.

The agency has identified a further 120 courthouses that need to be replaced because they are too small, have serious security deficiencies, or both. At current funding levels of $500 million a year, that will take 10 years, Peck said.

While improving security at U.S. buildings at home and abroad can deter attacks on them, terrorists may still strike where they are not expected, as was the case in Kenya and Tanzania, where the terrorism risk wasn't considered high.

"The bad guys are going to go for soft targets. They like easy targets," said Staten, a retired assistant chief of the Chicago Fire Department.

NOTE: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107, this material is distributed without profit or payment to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving this information for non-profit research and educational purposes only.



NY Times 12-27-98 William Broad & Judith Miller

The Threat of Germ Weapons Is Rising. Fear, Too. By WILLIAM J. BROAD and JUDITH MILLER

.S. troops in the Persian Gulf are vaccinated against deadly germs. So are FBI agents who are probing a growing number of biological incidents. So are some White House officials.

Protections against living weapons are new to the military and security of the United States, and they raise troubling questions.

Is this prudence or paranoia? Should everyone be vaccinated? How real is the threat? Aren't deadly germs nearly impossible for attackers to use without hurting themselves? Isn't this threat just another bogeyman, like so many before?

Germ weapons, though around for centuries, have played no significant role in modern warfare and terrorism. Skeptics point to this history and say that biological strikes of any consequence are unlikely.

But officials in Washington from President Clinton on down are taking the issue very seriously, with thousands of people and billions of dollars in motion to address the germ threat.

"Eventually, this is going to hurt us," said Robert Blitzer, who recently left the FBI after directing its section on domestic terrorism. "There's no question in my mind."

Moreover, a yearlong inquiry by The New York Times revealed trends that suggest the era of germ tranquility may indeed be ending:

-- Uprooted weapon scientists from Iraq, Russia and South Africa are hunting for new jobs and spreading germ secrets.

-- Radical states with reputations for supporting terror, such as Iran and Libya, are seeking germ weapons.

-- Terrorists, including Osama bin Laden, are increasingly interested in pestilential germs. Some boast openly of being able to kill foes with deadly plagues.

Today, officials in Washington stress that they know of no imminent danger, even while acknowledging the limitations of intelligence. Most agree that the threat, while low, is growing.

The defenses that Washington is quietly erecting, officials say, are akin to the insurance that homeowners take out against floods and earthquakes. The odds may be small, this argument goes, but precautions are warranted since conditions are changing and damage could be great.

R. James Woolsey, director of Central Intelligence from 1993 to 1995, is among the former officials who are worried. Germ terrorism, he said in an interview, is "the single most dangerous threat to our national security in the foreseeable future."

Germ weapons can be hard to make and use, contrary to myth and claim. It took the United States decades to master the art before renouncing such arms in 1969. In the early 1990s, Aum Shinrikyo, a Japanese cult, launched at least nine germ attacks in Tokyo that were meant to kill millions. But the strikes produced no known injuries or deaths.

Dangerous to the attacker as well as the attacked if successful, germ weapons are considered most practical when used far from the aggressor's homeland; intervening land and sea establish what amounts to a quarantine.

The main appeal of such weapons is that they are incredibly cheap compared to chemical and atomic arms. Yet pound for pound, germ weapons rival nuclear ones for maiming and killing, and some biological agents are considered superior in that regard; in theory they can annihilate many millions of people.

Clearly, they surpass their nuclear kin as an instrument of fright and disruption: Once sown, infections can spread unpredictably, since they are alive. Experts especially worry about smallpox, which is highly contagious and seen as particularly dangerous since few people are now immunized against its ravages.

"To say the threat is low is not to minimize its potential," said Neil Gallagher, assistant director for national security at the FBI.

Today, the secrets of germ warfare are increasingly up for grabs as weapon scientists from countries that made biological arsenals hunt for new jobs. The nomads are from Iraq (starting in 1991 after Persian Gulf war), Russia (starting in 1992 after the Soviet collapse) and South Africa (starting in 1994 as apartheid fell apart). Russia alone has many thousands of former germ warriors increasingly cold, poor and hungry.

Legitimate science also heightens the risk. The global war against infectious disease has produced more than 1,500 germ banks that tend to trade freely in deadly microbes.

Future strides could make matters even worse. Experts agree that research into the genetic foundations of life, an approach that promises to cure many diseases, might, in evil hands, one day produce weapons that work against only certain races or ethnic groups.

"It's difficult but not impossible," said Dr. Joshua Lederberg, a Nobel laureate in biology who advises Washington on germ warfare. More unsettling, he added, is that traditional killers seem to be a growing danger right now; he called them "a monster in the back yard."

Today, at least 17 nations are suspected of having or trying to acquire germ weapons. Perhaps they want to deter foes. The wild card is that some (Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Syria) are also considered architects of terrorism.

Libya worked hard to join the germ club. In 1994, it sought to hire scientists fleeing South Africa's crumbling program, including its head, Dr. Wouter Basson. That move, officials say, was foiled by diplomatic pressure from Washington and London.

However, Libya may have succeeded in hiring (or perhaps hiding and employing for Baghdad) Dr. Amir Medidi, a top scientist of Iraq's germ effort, U.N. inspectors revealed.

Terrorists themselves seem increasingly drawn to germ weapons.

Osama bin Laden, the renegade Saudi millionaire known for his bitter hatred of America, is investigating them, U.S. officials say. Whether his work has resulted in secret laboratories or usable arms, no one in Washington seems to know or is willing to say.

Nasser Asad al-Tamimi, an Islamic radical, has been vocal. Early this year Al-Balad, a Jordanian newspaper, quoted him as saying that "jihad" had at last discovered how to win the holy war -- lethal germs.

Disturbingly, growing interest abroad is shared by domestic radicals and militia groups at home. Catalogs catering to them carry ads for such books as "Guide to Germ Warfare."

Larry Wayne Harris, an Ohioan with a history of hate-group affiliations, was arrested in 1995 for having bought plague bacteria from a germ bank under false pretenses. A registered microbiologist, he now says the microbes were strictly for defensive purposes.

"There are groups all over the world after this kind of stuff," Harris said, his blue eyes icy. "You're not going to stop germ warfare. The only thing to do is defend yourself."

Intelligence experts say knowing the truth is hard. Spies and satellites are only marginally helpful for ferreting out biological gear as small as kitchen cookware that is easy to hide and whose purpose can be peaceful (unlike the nuclear arms, bombers, ships, missiles and factories that dominated the Cold War). Even hundreds of arms inspectors in Iraq, who probed that nation for seven years, ended up with as many questions as answers.

Moreover, the attention focused on germ warfare has already helped give rise to germ hoaxes, and experts worry that serious concern might give way to complacency. This year, the FBI is fighting a wave of false anthrax threats in letters mailed to abortion clinics.

Federal officials note that Ramzi Ahmed Yousef, mastermind of the 1993 New York World Trade Center blast, which killed six people and injured more than 1,000, claimed that his goal was to have one tower fall into the other and kill a quarter million people -- more than died in the atomic bombing of Hiroshima.

A top former official disclosed that Yousef, when arrested in 1995, was found to have been studying not only chemical but biological weapons.

John Gannon, chairman of the National Intelligence Council of the CIA, last month told a Stanford University meeting that the danger of germ and chemical devastation is rising.

He warned that terrorists and foes with such weapons are growing in number and that the increasingly lethal agents they are developing "have the potential to cause massive casualties."

Federal officials are struggling to tighten commerce in germs both at home and abroad. President Clinton himself recently raised the issue at Camp David with Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, who has begun a program to restrict germ sales.

In Russia, Washington is expanding cooperative programs meant to keep former germ warriors in place doing peaceful research.

In NATO, Washington is arguing that the Atlantic alliance should take the lead in a global fight to stop terrorists from getting or using germ weaponry.

. Meanwhile, the U.S. military is vaccinating all troops against anthrax, which causes high fevers and death, and has begun a $322 million program to build stockpiles of 18 other vaccines, including one against smallpox. Recently, Congress approved $51 million to start building domestic stockpiles of medicines and antibiotics, especially for police, fire and health workers.

Physical security at key federal buildings is being enhanced to foil terrorists who might try to spread deadly germs and chemicals through the air. The steps include ventilation improvements so a gentle breeze blows outward whenever a door or window is opened. In theory, this so-called positive pressure will automatically sweep away dangerous agents.

Across the country, federal officials are holding seminars in the nation's top 120 cities to train emergency personnel.

More broadly, intelligence agencies are struggling to monitor terrorists more closely. The FBI's nightmare is talented loners, who are difficult to track.

The Pentagon is weighing whether to ask the president to authorize appointment of a military commander who could plan and direct operations to defend the continental United States in the event of germ chaos, a step beyond the civil defenses of the early Cold War. No such commander's post now exists.

"Within minutes of an event, people are going to turn to us," Deputy Defense Secretary John Hamre told a meeting of military officials in explaining the need for homeland defense. "It could get crazy very fast."

To date, there has been little public debate over the risks and benefits of such actions, partly because the many responses to the germ threat have been both quiet, to avoid frightening Americans, and piecemeal.

But that may change as echoes of bomb shelters start to reverberate and as Washington scans the horizon to better judge the danger in the years and decades ahead.

Tension is sure to rise between the need for protection and "rights to privacy, something that we hold very dear," Defense Secretary William Cohen recently told the Council on Foreign Relations. That kind of friction, he added, will force "unpleasant choices" in the near future. "We haven't really faced up to it yet." --


Fox News 8/30/99 "….Some imprisoned members of a militant Puerto Rican nationalist group discussed returning to violent ways if they go free under a plan by President Clinton to have their sentences commuted, a magazine report said Monday. Secret audiotapes made by the Bureau of Prisons recorded at least some of the prisoners saying that "as soon as they get out of there, they were going to return to violence,'' Newsweek quoted a law-enforcement official as saying in its issue dated Sept. 6. It said that as a result of the tapes the Bureau of Prisons - which rarely participates in pardon and clemency debates - strongly recommended against leniency for the 16 members of the Armed Forces of National Liberation (FALN), which authorities said made 130 bomb attacks on political and military targets in the United States between 1974 and 1983 They killed at least six people and injured more than 70. The New York Times reported Friday that Clinton bypassed objections of the FBI, the Bureau of Prisons and several U.S. attorneys general when he offered to reduce sentences of the 16 imprisoned members, convicted on charges of conspiracy, possession of unregistered firearms, and other crimes not directly linked to deaths or injuries….."



There is no Federal statute or law on the books requiring local police officials to report bombing incidents to either BATF or the  F B I                      

Cooperation at the local level has led to an  informal procedure on the part of local police to report a bombing incident to either   BATF or FBI, who in turn will normally notify each other. (There are obviously some breakdowns in this procedure).

There is a statute giving BATF the "right of inspect ion" at the site of any explosion; therefore, whether BATF receives word of a bombing from the local police, or whether a local special agent reads of it in the local paper, BATF can by law check it out.

BATF requires each agent to report a l l bombing incidents to its explosives data cen ter in Washington, irrespective of the theoretical importance, damage, casualties, jurisdiction since, among other uses, these data are used by the Secret Service ranging security for the President when he is traveling.

There is a question of jurisdiction with reference to investigations. A memo of understanding exists between BATF and the FBI.  Generally the FBI covers terrorist acts, attacks on airlines, attacks involving unions, college campus buildings, and Federal buildings other than Treasury and Postal buildings. BATF has primary jurisdiction over criminal bombings related to interstate commerce, firearms violations, and Treasury buildings. Either the FBI or BATF may respond to requests for aid from other jurisdictions. Conflicts are settled by mutual agreement.

Explosive Bombing Incidents 1972-78


Total actual
and attempted


Attempted Property






$ 7,992,000













































In 1975, the increase was primarily due to three incidents.

1. On January 24 a bombing at the Fraunces Tavern in New York .City killed 4 people, injured 53 others, and did extensive property damage. Responsibility for the bombing has been claimed by FALN, the Puerto Rican separatist terrorists.

2 A bomb detonated in the baggage claim area at La Guardia Airport, on December 29, killing 11 people with 70 additional  serious injuries. No positive identification of the exact type of explosives used has been made for this incident and no attribution has been made.

3 A bomb detonated at a sponge factory in March 1975, killing many people.

The statistics of both domestic and international incidents are startling.   4,234 international acts were perpetrated, with 2,783 killed and 4,799 wounded.

During the decade of  the 1970s, a total of 8,114  incidents worldwide was recorded. The primary target was the business community.

There were 4,978 people killed and 6,902  injured. In terms of geographic distribution, Europe diplomats (967), government officials (255), and the most active region, with a total of 3,598 military (173)? incidents. Latin America followed with 2,252 incidents.

The third region affected was the Middle East with 1097 incidents. Overall, 6,501 operations were registered, with a total of 5,042 killed and a total of 3,290 incidents recorded.

The next decade was even more intensive in scope and destructive force. In 1980, 2,755 attacks were registered and their number increased to a record high of 4,422 in 1989, a 16-percent increase over the previous year. The 1980s saw a grand total of 31,426 incidents, with 70,859 killed and 47,849 injured, with a total of 1,630 incidents, reflecting a lethality trend of more attacks designed to kill random victims.

Although these groups have proved to be less professional and successful than their counterparts in other regions around the world during the 1970s, terrorist campaigns in the United States targeted the police, military, business, and other victims in over 600 attacks.34 In justifying their operations, terrorists have communicated a multitude of rationalizations. For instance, in a statement claiming credit for  the bombing of the Gulf Oil Building in Pittsburgh in June, 1974 the Weather Underground explained that the attack was to punish the corporation for "financing the Portuguese in Angola, stealing from the poor in the U. S., and exploiting the people and resources of 70 countries. " The Jewish Defense League targeted Soviet facilities, residences, and vehicles as well as commercial firms or the installations of Eastern European countries in the New York area to protest the policies of the Soviet Bloc toward their Jewish minorities and Israel.


I was looking for a news story about a nuclear bomb found in the trunk of a car in a Boston parking garage in 1974 and not having very good luck, except for one article that called it a hoax.  Meantime I found a lot of other information about bombings in the United States that I didn't even know had happened. Either I wasn't paying attention because I was busy doing other things in my life ... but I certainly noticed it today ... See these:

The Forgotten Massacre

25 Years 1974-1999

The single largest mass murder in Ireland or Britain this century took place on May 17, 1974, when a series of 'no warning' bomb explosions in Dublin and Monaghan claimed the lives of 33 people.

Although few have forgotten the bombings of Birmingham, Guildford, Enniskillen and Deal during the 70’s, the Remberance Day attrocity in Enniskillen, let alone the tragedy of Omagh in the summer of ’98, few remember the Dublin and Monaghan bombings, events which claimed more lives than Birmingham, Guildford or Omagh.

On May 17th, 1974, three car bombs exploded without warning during Dublin's rush-hour, ensuring maximum casualties - including an entire family. A little over eighty-five minutes later, another massive car-bomb exploded in Monaghan, just south of the border.

Aug. 15th, 1974 Bombs explode within minutes of each other at the American Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. The USA retaliates by bombing targets in Afghanistan and Sudan.

On Aug. 15th, 1974 a 500lb car bomb kills 29 people and injures many more in Omagh, Northern Ireland.

See the Rest of the Story

February 27, 2000

New lead reopens car bomb mystery

Police launch 'last ditch' effort to close 1972 case

By Kim Smith <>


The scene is seared into Beecher Avants' memory.

Twenty-seven years later, and he can almost feel that scorching 115-degree day. It was 3:43 p.m. on July 25, 1972, and the veteran homicide cop felt like he was melting, turning into water.

He can still visualize the inferno. Cars were burning all over the third floor of the parking garage in downtown Las Vegas. And in the middle of all that smoke and fire and heat were the smoldering remains of a Cadillac blown apart by a powerful car bomb -- a blast so powerful it ripped a gaping hole in the concrete and steel-reinforced floor beneath the car.

Killed in the explosion was Bill Coulthard, a prominent attorney and the former head of the FBI's Las Vegas office.

The high-profile killing stunned Las Vegas. And the heat was on for Avants and other homicide detectives. The FBI and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms jumped on board to lend a hand and a $75,000 reward was quickly posted. A flood of tips, rumors and wild goose chases kept detectives hopping for months.

And nothing panned out. At least nothing good enough to win a conviction.

For 27 years Avants has been haunted by the Coulthard case, always wondering if there was something else he should have done, some clue he missed, some piece of evidence that could have resulted in justice.

But something has finally bubbled to the surface, and Avants is hoping for closure.

Lt. Wayne Petersen of Metro's homicide unit says that someone has come forward with information on the case that looks promising.

"We have new information on people who have already been identified," as those who may have been involved in Coulthard's death, Petersen said.

Because the leads have led them out of the state and because of the FBI's interest in the case, Petersen said investigators are working closely with federal agents to track down the new leads.

Petersen declined to comment on the identity of their informant, but he acknowledged the information seems to be "reliable."

"We are certainly looking at this as being a last ditch effort to bring a resolution to this case," Petersen said. "Obviously the people involved with the case are getting older. If we want to bring them to justice, we don't have forever to do it."

Petersen called the Coulthard case unusual because it has gone unsolved for so long. Oftentimes in cases where more than one person is involved, loyalties will change or someone will use their knowledge if they find themselves on the wrong side of the law.

"Usually it's to our benefit when more than one person is involved because it's human nature for people to talk, thank God. People will always eventually talk and now, maybe that's working in our favor," Petersen said.

"Without this new information coming forward, this case would probably have sat on a shelf and remained unsolved and it may still stay unsolved, but the information certainly gave us a starting point to re-examine the case. We're certainly making the effort to get it resolved."

Avants was working in his downtown office when he heard the explosion. Thinking it was a natural gas line explosion, he headed out to continue working an ongoing homicide investigation. Dispatchers soon radioed to tell him he had better head to the Bank of Nevada building instead. A car bomb had gone off on the third-floor parking lot.

"I got up there, and it was so very, very hot. There were secondary fires caused by the gasoline in the tanks of the cars parked nearby," Avants said. "It was hotter than an oven. You turned to water when you walked up the ramp to where the explosion took place. It was a terrible, horrible scene."

Although Avants thought he recognized Coulthard's Cadillac, it took dental records to positively identify the married father of four.

Authorities did not suffer from a lack of possible motives. Coulthard, 56, ran the Las Vegas FBI office from 1939 until 1945, and as a lawyer, he handled estates, trusts and matters concerning the Bank of America and the Golden Nugget hotel-casino.

Coulthard also was a partial owner of the land on which the Horseshoe hotel-casino stands and was a corporate officer, secretary and stockholder of the 4-Queens hotel-casino.

It seemed as though everyone had a tip on the bombing death.

"When you get a spectacular case, you get everybody and everyone coming out of the woodwork with a story to tell," Avants said. "The sizeable reward had people trying to capitalize too."

Allen Tooley, 80, owned and operated The Annex back in 1972, which was a favorite downtown hangout for attorneys and judges.

Some might think that with Las Vegas' colorful history the bombing wouldn't create such a stir, but it did, Tooley said.

"Everybody was shocked because when the mob ran the town they never knocked them off in town," Tooley said. "They did it in California or somewhere else because they wanted to keep the town clean. This was a big story around town for quite awhile."

Tooley, who contends that more cases were settled in his bar than in the courthouse back then, said that many people thought the homicide had something to do with lease negotiations between Coulthard and the Binion family, which ran the Horseshoe.

"If a person had information they might have been afraid or maybe no one had the information, but the stories were that the Binions were involved," Tooley said. "Benny Binion was no angel. He buried a lot of bodies in Texas, and he confessed to that. He was one tough hombre."

Petersen said the Binion angle was investigated by authorities at the time, and Benny Binion was questioned.

And then there's the theory that Coulthard had angered someone in the courtroom.

Las Vegas attorney John O'Brien worked for Coulthard and was in the office when the explosion shook the building. He doesn't believe any of Coulthard's clients would want him dead.

"Bill was not an abrasive personality," O'Brien said. "No one ever had any cause to attack him in that manner. He was a gentleman and a pro. He was not mean spirited."

Still, O'Brien concedes one never knows what will set someone off.

"You think this, you think that. My personal view is that it wasn't the law practice, but you could step on someone's toe on a busy street and that person could go nuts," O'Brien said.

Rumors only got worse when court reporter Bobby Pinkston was arrested for allegedly stealing the transcripts of a secret grand jury hearing concerning the Coulthard case. Pinkston told the Las Vegas Sun that several "very important people" were involved in Coulthard's death, but he declined to comment further, saying he feared for the lives of his two small children.

According to court records, Pinkston was tried twice. His first trial ended with a conviction that was later overturned on a technicality and his second trial ended in a hung jury. Prosecutors eventually dismissed the charges in April 1974.

Pinkston drowned in Stone Mountain, Ga., almost exactly five years after Coulthard was killed. According to his autopsy, he had a blood alcohol level of 0.32.

Avants said he believes Coulthard's death was related to his business dealings and was a contract killing. He also believes he knows who actually wired the Cadillac.

"There wasn't sufficient evidence to proceed against them, at least according to the U.S. Attorney and the local district attorney," Avants said. "We just needed one more stepping stone to put the whole puzzle together."

Perhaps, if police had been able to arrest the actual bombers, Avants said they may have been able to prosecute those who wanted Coulthard dead.

"Who did the hiring was guesswork," Avants said. "It could've been several people, several prominent citizens. Some are dead now, old age, disease or whatever."

The new information seems to back up Avants' suspicions that the murder was related to Coulthard's business dealings.

"It still looks to be due to his business dealings and at this point we're trying to put a prosecutable case together against those responsible," Petersen said.

Avants said that back in 1972 there were plenty of leads, but none could nail the case shut.

"There were a lot of things to run down. Some of the leads led nowhere, or they petered out. Some had no endings, and others were just lies," Avants said.

The case was "aggravating and disconcerting," Avants said.

"It was a very strange occurrence, that case," Avants said. "I used to talk to myself, running down all of the leads. My wife at the time would tell me I was talking to myself while I was in the backyard doing yard work on the weekends. I was trying to put the pieces together. It was a baffling case."

The case continued to bother him long after he retired from police work and went to work as a district attorney's office investigator and later as a casino security consultant, Avants said.

"This is the one that really sticks out in my mind the most," Avants said. "I'll always wonder what I might have missed that would have put the final cap on it."

Petersen said he thinks there are others who are just as restless -- those responsible for the killing and those who have information about it.

"We hope attention on the case will bring up some feelings in the community, maybe reawaken some memories from the past," Peterson said. "Maybe those responsible will realize they can never truly get away and hopefully they won't be sleeping well tonight."

Avants said he prays that justice is finally served.

"God bless them if they can solve it."

Anyone with information on the case is asked to call Silent Witness at 385-5555, Metro Homicide at 229-3521 or the FBI at 385-1281.

Kim Smith covers courts for the Sun. She can be reached at (702) 259-2321 or by e-mail at

All contents © 1996 - 2001 Las Vegas Sun, Inc.

Car bomb kills 27, injures more than 200 in Northern Ireland

Politicians blame IRA splinter groups for the blast.


The Associated Press

OMAGH, Northern Ireland -- A car bomb tore apart the center of a bustling market town Saturday, killing at least 27 people and injuring more than 200 in the single deadliest blast in decades of conflict in Northern Ireland.

Many of those slain Saturday in Omagh, 70 miles west of Belfast, were unwittingly evacuated toward the bomb by police after authorities received a misleading phone warning.

"We have had men, women and children slaughtered here this afternoon, slaughtered by murderers who wanted to murder, who gave us a totally inaccurate warning," said Northern Ireland Police Chief Ronnie Flanagan.

The dead included both Protestants and Catholics, as well as five children: three teen-age girls, a teen-age boy and an 18-month-old girl.

The attack coincided with the 29th anniversary of the deployment of British troops in Belfast, a traditional rallying point for Irish Republican Army supporters. It also came several weeks before President Clinton was to visit Belfast to celebrate Northern Ireland's historic peace accord.

No group claimed responsibility for planting the 500-pound bomb in Omagh, which was crowded with weekend shoppers and families attending a festival.

But politicians unanimously blamed IRA dissidents who hope to shatter the IRA's 13-month-old truce and the peace agreement it helped inspire.

IRA dissidents have planted several car bombs in other Northern Ireland towns recently, which have caused many injuries but no deaths because of swift action by police. On July 10, an imminent bombing in London was foiled in a joint British-Irish operation against IRA splinter groups.

Hospital officials said Saturday's death toll was 27 and reported treating more than 200 wounded.

"I saw bodies lying everywhere, dead people being zipped into bags," said resident Dorothy Boyle.

"The bodies were lying there with water running over them from burst pipes. There were limbs lying about that had been blown off people," she said, noting that one young pregnant woman had lost her legs.

The streets surrounding the bomb site were strewn with glass and rubble and streaked with blood.

Tyrone County Hospital overflowed with the wounded late Saturday. Some survivors used blown-off doors as makeshift stretchers. Others were ferried by ambulance or helicopter to hospitals in Belfast and Londonderry.

Earlier, a phoned warning to the BBC newsroom in Belfast claimed a bomb had been left outside Omagh's courthouse on High Street, on the west end of town.

Police began directing people away from the area -- many of them east down Market Street. Twenty minutes later the bomb blew up behind the security cordon, tearing apart both buildings and people.

A retired fireman, Paddy McGowan, said his car "lifted off the ground" from the impact of the bomb. He, like many drivers, saw the billowing smoke and ran to the scene to try to help.

"It was absolute carnage, the most horrific I have ever seen," McGowan said, shaking. "There were bodies everywhere, and people covered in blood screaming."

Clinton, who is scheduled to visit Northern Ireland Sept. 3, condemned the attack. His spokesman said Clinton has no plans to scrap his visit.

"I renew my pledge to stand with the people of Northern Ireland against the perpetrators of violence; they will find no friends here," Clinton said in a statement. "On behalf of the American people, I condemn this butchery."

Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern vowed that breakaway IRA members -- believed to number no more than 100 and mostly based in the Irish Republic -- would be "ruthlessly suppressed."

British Prime Minister Tony Blair, on vacation in France, told the BBC he found it "impossible to get in the mind of anyone who could possibly do such a thing."

At an emergency center in Omagh, people gathered Saturday night to figure out if their friends and relatives had been killed in the blast. Police said the dead were being taken to a temporary mortuary at a nearby British army barracks.

Queen Elizabeth II said she was "shocked to hear of the appalling crime" and offered her condolences.

Northern Ireland's moderate Catholic leader, John Hume, said the atrocity was "carried out by undiluted fascists. Obviously they're trying to impose their will by murder on the people of Ireland, north and south."

Martin McGuinness, chief negotiator of the IRA-allied Sinn Fein party, said he was "appalled and disgusted" by this "indefensible action."

"It's designed to wreck the peace process, and everyone should work to ensure that the peace process continues," said McGuinness, the IRA's reputed former commander.

The attack harkened back to the province's darkest days, in the 1970s, when the IRA bombed commercial centers in Belfast, Londonderry and England.

Omagh's death toll eclipsed the previous worst single attack in Northern Ireland, when the IRA killed 18 soldiers with two bombs on Aug. 27, 1979.

The IRA killed 21 people in a double bombing of two pubs in Birmingham, England, in Nov. 21, 1974.

The bloodiest day remains May 17, 1974, when three car bombs planted by a pro-British gang fatally wounded 35 people in the Irish Republic.

Copyright 1998 The Topeka Capital-Journal

The terrorist attacks attributed to 'Carlos the Jackal'

Copyright © 1997 - Copyright © 1997 Agence France-Presse

PARIS (December 24, 1997 - - Ilich Ramirez Sanchez, the international terrorist known as "Carlos" who was sentenced Wednesday to life imprisonment for three 1975 murders, is held responsible for numerous terrorist attacks.

Here is a list of attacks Carlos is suspected of having been involved in.

Many of the attacks listed were claimed by Carlos in a rare interview of 1979 in the Arab-language publication Al Watan al Arabi. He has since denied giving the interview.

- Dec 30, 1973: British Jewish businessman Joseph Sieff, whose family founded the Marks and Spencer chain, seriously injured by shots to the face in London.

- Jan 24, 1974: Bomb hurled into Israeli bank Hapoalim in London. Several people injured.

- Aug 3, 1974: Three car bomb attacks against newspaper offices in Paris.

- Sept 13, 1974: French ambassador at The Hague, Jacques Senard, taken hostage with 10 others.

Carlos in 1979 said the attack aimed to help free Yutaka Furuya, of the extremist Japanese Red Army. Furuya was arrested at Paris's Orly airport on July 26, 1974, on arrival from Beirut. He was freed and the kidnappers at The Hague allowed to fly to safety.

- Sept 15, 1974: Two grenades thrown into the Drugstore cafe in Paris. Two killed, 30 injured. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), which Carlos had fought with, claimed responsibility.

Carlos said in the interview the attack secured the release of Yutaka Furuya in exchange for the hostages in The Hague.

- Jan 13/19, 1975: Two bazooka attacks against Israeli airline El Al at Paris's Orly airport.

- June 27, 1975: During an attempt to arrest Carlos in a Paris apartment, he shoots dead two French police officers and former comrade turned informer, Lebanese Michel Moukharbal. In 1992, Carlos was sentenced in his absence to life imprisonment for the killings.

- Dec 21, 1975: A commando led by Carlos takes 70 OPEC members, including 11 ministers hostage at a conference in Vienna. Three people were killed, the commando flew to safety and received $50 million ransom.

- July 20, 1981: Romanian journalist working for "Radio Free Europe" stabbed to death in Munich by a man speaking with a French accent.

- Sept 4, 1981: French ambassador in Beirut, Louis Delamare, shot dead in his car. Carlos suspected of involvement.

- March 29, 1982: A bomb kills five people on a Toulouse-Paris train which then mayor of Paris, Jacques Chirac, was scheduled to take. The bomb followed an ultimatum issued by Carlos after the arrest of two comrades, Swiss Bruno Breguet and German Magdalena Kopp, charged with possessing arms.

- April 22, 1982: A car bomb explodes outside the magazine Al Watan Al Arabi in Paris, killing one and injuring 63, the same day the trial of Kopp and Breguet opened.

- Aug 25, 1983: A bomb outside the French cultural center in Berlin kills one and injures 23.

- Dec 31, 1983: Two bombs explode in Marseille. One killed three and injured 19 on a train to Paris, the other exploded in a station in Marseille, killing two and injuring 34.

There were several claims of responsibility, including one from the Organization for the Armed Arab Struggle, a group linked to Carlos.

- Jan 1, 1984: A bomb explodes in the French cultural center in Tripoli, Lebanon. The Organization for the Armed Arab Struggle claimed responsibility.

- June 1, 1992: Carlos sentenced in his absence to life imprisonment in France.

- Aug 15, 1994: Carlos captured in Sudan and brought to Paris

This is just from Miami, Florida news:   [CP-List] The Real Thugs in Miami

Thu, 27 Apr 2000

How long has this been going on?


The following list of violent incidents I compiled from a variety of databases and news sources (a few come from personal experience). It is incomplete, especially in Miami's trademark category of bomb threats. Nor does it include dozens of acts of violence and murder committed by Cuban exiles in other U.S. cities and at least sixteen foreign countries. But completeness isn't the point. The point is to face the truth, no matter how difficult that may be. If Miami's Cuban exiles confront this shameful past -- and resolutely disavow it -- they will go a long way toward easing their neighbors' anxiety about a peaceful future.

1968 From MacArthur Causeway, pediatrician Orlando Bosch fires bazooka at a Polish freighter. (City of Miami later declares "Orlando Bosch Day." Federal agents will jail him in 1988.)

1972 Julio Iglesias, performing at a local nightclub, says he wouldn't mind "singing in front of Cubans." Audience erupts in anger. Singer requires police escort. Most radio stations drop Iglesias from playlists. One that doesn't, Radio Alegre, receives bomb threats.

1974 Exile leader Jos* Elias de la Torriente murdered in his Coral Gables home after failing to carry out a planned invasion of Cuba.

1974 Bomb blast guts the office of Spanish-language magazine Replica.

1974 Several small Cuban businesses, citing threats, stop selling Replica.

1974 Three bombs explode near a Spanish-language radio station.

1974 Hector Diaz Limonta and Arturo Rodriguez Vives murdered in internecine exile power struggles.

1975 Luciano Nieves murdered after advocating peaceful coexistence with Cuba.

1975 Another bomb damages Replica's office.

1976 Rolando Masferrer and Ramon Donestevez murdered in internecine exile power struggles.

1976 Car bomb blows off legs of WQBA-AM news director Emilio Milian after he publicly condemns exile violence.

1977 Juan Jos* Peruyero murdered in internecine exile power struggles.

1979 Cuban film Memories of Underdevelopment interrupted by gunfire and physical violence instigated by two exile groups.

1979 Bomb discovered at Padron Cigars, whose owner helped negotiate release of 3600 Cuban political prisoners.

1979 Bomb explodes at Padron Cigars.

1980 Another bomb explodes at Padron Cigars.

1980 Powerful anti-personnel bomb discovered at American Airways Charter, which arranges flights to Cuba.

1981 Bomb explodes at Mexican Consulate on Brickell Avenue in protest of relations with Cuba.

1981 Replica's office again damaged by a bomb.

1982 Two outlets of Hispania Interamericana, which ships medicine to Cuba, attacked by gunfire.

1982 Bomb explodes at Venezuelan Consulate in downtown Miami in protest of relations with Cuba.

1982 Bomb discovered at Nicaraguan Consulate.

1982 Miami Mayor Maurice Ferre defends $10,000 grant to exile commando group Alpha 66 by noting that the organization "has never been accused of terrorist activities inside the United States."

1983 Another bomb discovered at Replica.

1983 Another bomb explodes at Padron Cigars.

1983 Bomb explodes at Paradise International, which arranges travel to Cuba.

1983 Bomb explodes at Little Havana office of Continental National Bank, one of whose executives, Bernardo Benes, helped negotiate release of 3600 Cuban political prisoners.

1983 Miami City Commissioner Demetrio Perez seeks to honor exile terrorist Juan Felipe de la Cruz, accidentally killed while assembling a bomb. (Perez is now a member of the Miami-Dade County Public School Board and owner of the Lincoln-Mart' private school where Elian Gonzalez is enrolled.)

1983 Gunfire shatters windows of three Little Havana businesses linked to Cuba.

1986 South Florida Peace Coalition members physically attacked in downtown Miami while demonstrating against Nicaraguan contra war.

1987 Bomb explodes at Cuba Envios, which ships packages to Cuba.

1987 Bomb explodes at Almacen El Espa-ol, which ships packages to Cuba.

1987 Bomb explodes at Cubanacan, which ships packages to Cuba.

1987 Car belonging to Bay of Pigs veteran is firebombed.

1987 Bomb explodes at Machi Viajes a Cuba, which arranges travel to Cuba.

1987 Bomb explodes outside Va Cuba, which ships packages to Cuba.

1988 Bomb explodes at Miami Cuba, which ships medical supplies to Cuba.

1988 Bomb threat against Iberia Airlines in protest of Spain's relations with Cuba.

1988 Bomb explodes outside Cuban Museum of Art and Culture after auction of paintings by Cuban artists.

1988 Bomb explodes outside home of Maria Cristina Herrera, organizer of a conference on U.S.-Cuba relations.

1988 Bomb threat against WQBA-AM after commentator denounces Herrera bombing.

1988 Bomb threat at local office of Immigration and Naturalization   Service in protest of terrorist Orlando Bosch being jailed.

1988 Bomb explodes near home of Griselda Hidalgo, advocate of unrestricted travel to Cuba.

1988 Bomb damages Bele Cuba Express, which ships packages to Cuba.

1989 Another bomb discovered at Almacen El Espa-ol, which ships packages to Cuba.

1989 Two bombs explode at Marazul Charters, which arranges travel to Cuba.

1990 Another, more powerful, bomb explodes outside the Cuban Museum of Art and Culture.

1991 Using crowbars and hammers, exile crowd rips out and urinates on Calle Ocho "Walk of Fame" star of Mexican actress Veronica Castro, who had visited Cuba.

1992 Union Radio employee beaten and station vandalized by exiles looking for Francisco Aruca, who advocates an end to U.S. embargo.

1992 Cuban American National Foundation mounts campaign against the Miami Herald, whose executives then receive death threats and whose newsracks are defaced and smeared with feces.

1992 Americas Watch releases report stating that hard-line Miami exiles have created an environment in which "moderation can be a dangerous position."

1993 Inflamed by Radio Mamb'   commentator Armando Perez-Roura, Cuban exiles physically assault demonstrators lawfully protesting against U.S. embargo. Two police officers injured, sixteen arrests made. Miami City Commissioner Miriam Alonso then seeks to silence anti-embargo demonstrators: "We have to look at the legalities of whether the City of Miami can prevent them from expressing themselves."

1994 Human Rights Watch/Americas Group issues report stating that Miami exiles do not tolerate dissident opinions, that Spanish-language radio promotes aggression, and that local government leaders refuse to denounce acts of intimidation.

1994 Two firebombs explode at Replica magazine's office.

1994 Bomb threat to law office of Magda Montiel Davis following her videotaped exchange with Fidel Castro.

1996 Music promoter receives threatening calls, cancels local appearance of Cuba's La Orquesta Aragon.

1996 Patrons attending concert by Cuban jazz pianist Gonzalo Rubalcaba physically assaulted by 200 exile protesters. Transportation for exiles arranged by Dade County Commissioner Javier Souto.

1996 Firebomb explodes at Little Havana's Centro Vasco restaurant preceding concert by Cuban singer Rosita Fornes.

1996 Firebomb explodes at Marazul Charters, which arranges travel to Cuba.

1996 Arson committed at Tu Familia Shipping, which ships packages to Cuba.

1997 Bomb threats, death threats received by radio station WRTO-FM following its short-lived decision to include in its playlist songs by Cuban musicians.

1998 Bomb threat empties concert hall at MIDEM music conference   during performance by 91-year-old Cuban musician Compay Segundo.

1998 Bomb threat received by Amnesia nightclub in Miami Beach preceding performance by Cuban musician Orlando "Maraca" Valle.

1998 Firebomb explodes at Amnesia nightclub preceding performance by Cuban singer Manol'n.

1999 Violent protest at Miami Arena performance of Cuban band Los Van Van leaves one person injured, eleven arrested.

1999 Bomb threat received by Seville Hotel in Miami Beach preceding performance by Cuban singer Rosita Fornes. Hotel cancels concert.

January 26, 2000 Outside Miami Beach home of Sister Jeanne O'Laughlin, protester displays sign reading, "Stop the deaths at sea. Repeal the Cuban Adjustment Act," then is physically assaulted by nearby exile   crowd before police come to rescue.

April 11, 2000 Outside home of Elian Gonzalez's Miami relatives, radio talk show host Scot Piasant of Portland, Oregon, displays T-shirt reading, "Send the boy home" and "A father's rights," then is physically assaulted by nearby exile crowd before police come to rescue.

1988: Terrorist bomb aboard Pan Am Flight 103 kills all 259 aboard, mostly Americans, and 11 on the ground in Lockerbie, Scotland.
September 1976. A car bomb planted in Washington DC by the Chilean secret police (known by its Spanish acronym DINA) kills the exiled Chilean socialist Orlando Letelier and his American colleague Ronnie Moffit. Letelier, a former cabinet minister in the Government of President Salvador Allende, overthrown by the Chilean military three years earlier, was one of the dictatorship’s most prominent critics. The double murder would become one of its most notorious crimes.

See:  Peddling miracles and amnesia

1989 - Tamil separatists killed 38, wounded 56 in car bomb in Sri Lanka
Let us not leave out Israel:  This is one week's news from November, 2000 - Israel News

Two Killed, Scores Injured in Hadera Car-Bomb

A large car-bomb exploded in downtown Hadera, close to 50 kilometers north of Tel Aviv, alongside a city bus, Wednesday afternoon. Two people were killed; Shoshanna Reis, 21, of Hadera, and Meir Bahrame, 35, of Givat Olga. Some 50 were injured, four of them in serious condition. Nearby stores and the apartments above them were set ablaze when what remained of the bus crashed into them; nothing remained of the car bomb except for the engine and the steering wheel attached to it. One eyewitness described what he saw: "Bloodied bodies are sprawled on the ground. The bus was actually lifted up from the ground as a result of the blast... I can't look at it anymore... There is no security, there is nothing." Prime Minister Barak blamed the Palestinian Authority for the attack. Hamas released an announcement after the attack, warning Israel that if it tried to harm Islamic leaders, "we will turn Israeli life into hell." ( Nov 22)

Two Killed, Many Maimed in Terror Attack Monday on Gaza School Bus

Miri Amitai, 36, a mother of four, and Gabi Biton, 34, a father of six, were killed in the terrorist attack Monday morning near the Magen Junction in Gaza. A large bomb, comprised of a 122-mm mortar shell, was detonated on the road as a school bus passed on its way from Kfar Darom to N'vei Dekalim. Eleven were wounded, including two in serious condition. Three terrorists detonated the explosive from a distance of 200 meters. Although the bus was bulletproof, it was not fortified against bombs. Three siblings of the Cohen family from Kfar Darom are hospitalized in Soroka in Be'er Sheva; a fourth one missed the bus and remained at home. The names and ages of the three children: Orit (bat Nogah), 12; Tehillah, 8.5; and Yisrael, 7. Orit and Yisrael each lost part of their right leg: Orit's foot was amputated above her ankle, while Yisrael lost his leg below the knee. Doctors operated on their sister Tehilla, 8, for 18 hours Monday night, and again Tuesday, in an effort to save her legs; two fingers on one hand have been amputated. Thousands of mourners took part in the funeral of Mira Amitai, in her original hometown of Ofrah. Among them were busloads of her students at the Girls' High School in Gush Katif, where she taught. The government laid the blame for the murders directly on Yasser Arafat and other Palestinian Authority figures, specifically Gaza Preventive Security head Muhammad Dahlan. Foreign Minister Shlomo Ben-Ami said that the terrorists arrived from Area A - under total Palestinian control - and escaped back to there. Arafat had recently said that shootings from Area A upon Israelis should stop. Shella Roznak-Shorshan, whose husband Doron was murdered by Arab terrorists in Kfar Darom eight years ago, called upon "Shimon Peres and all the others who were involved in the Oslo agreements to come and take part in today's funerals." She made the same call upon Rabbi Ovadiah Yosef, spiritual leader of Shas, which voted for the original Oslo agreement. Speaking with Arutz-7, Mrs. Roznak said that whoever gave guns to the terrorists or supported the government that did so must come and see the results of his actions: "Whoever spoke of 'peace of the brave' should come and realize that we are the ones who are brave, not they - not the ones who rushed to sign agreements with murderers." She related how, a few years ago, she went to the Shas Knesset Members and "told each of them that if they vote for giving guns to the Palestinians, they will never be able to say that their hands 'did not spill this blood.'" ( Nov 20)

Another Terrorist Attack Tuesday Kills Israeli in Gaza

Itamar Yefet, 18, of Netzer Hazani, was killed in an Arab terrorist shooting attack Tuesday afternoon, in the same intersection as the bombing of the school bus Monday near Kfar Darom. A Palestinian sniper shot him, in his head as he was on his way to the protest encampment erected in a nearby intersection by Gush Katif rabbis. Col. Shlomo Dagan, Commander of the Southern Gaza region, said that the sniper stood very close to a Palestinian police position, and "it is possible that it was a PA policeman himself who killed Itamar." The victim was a student in the pre-military yeshiva in Yatir, and was scheduled to enlist in the IDF next summer. (A7 Nov 21,22)

PA Policeman Murders Soldier

St.-Sgt. Baruch Snir Flum, was murdered Saturday morning in Gaza when a Palestinian policeman penetrated an IDF outpost near the greenhouses of Kfar Darom. His friend, Sgt. Sharon Shitubi, was critically wounded by a bullet to the head in the same attack; and died of his wounds on Monday. Another soldier was injured lightly. The terrorist was an officer of Muhammad Dahlan's Palestinian Preventive Security Service, and the feeling in the IDF is that the attack was carried out with the knowledge - if not the encouragement - of the organization. The officer was praised for his bravery on the front page of an official Palestinian Authority newspaper. ( Nov 19)

PA Terrorists Killed

An efficient combination of intelligence gathering and offensive action led to the killing by Israeli soldiers of a Tanzim-Fatah leader who had been responsible for some 14 shooting and bombing attacks in Gaza over the past two months. Arutz-7 correspondent Haggai Huberman reports that the IDF set up a roadblock on the Rafiah-Khan Yunis highway Wednesday morning, near Morag. A vehicle with four Tanzim members inside - the one the soldiers were waiting for - did not stop, and attempted to break through the checkpoint. The soldiers opened fire and killed all four occupants, including Jamal Abd a-Razak, who has been wanted by Israel since the beginning of the current battles. The IDF was also successful in liquidating five Palestinian terrorists last Thursday night. In Gush Katif, three Palestinian terrorists were killed after they were detected leaving the Jewish town of Morag; soldiers later found - and safely dismantled - large explosive devices, including gas canisters, in a greenhouse in the town. Three other terrorists apparently escaped. Two armed Palestinian officers were killed near Jericho; they had been responsible for the past few weeks' incessant shooting at Vered Yericho. ( Nov 22)

Israeli Diplomat Attacked in Jordan

Israel's deputy-consul in Jordan, Yoram Havivian, escaped with light injuries from a terrorist attempt on his life Sunday. He was on his way to work at the Israeli Embassy in Amman when several bullets were shot at his car. Havivian returned to Israel shortly afterwards, and was hospitalized in Hadassah Ein Karem, Jerusalem. The Jordanian authorities said they would seek out and bring the attackers to justice. ( Nov 19)


   Subjects 77: 1. Protesting the Trade in Lies and Violence + 2. TRADING BLOWS OVER WHETHER TRADING>
Date: 4/23/2001 10:04:29 PM Pacific Daylight Time

From: (jean hudon)

Hello everyone

The news from the Summit of the Americas made headlines around the world over the weekend with pictures of the violent repression of protests by riot police, with billowing clouds of unbearably irritating tear gases, water cannon action, a barrier being thrown down by a group of protesters
fully equipped to confront the police, and possibly also some pictures of the 60,000 demonstrators who marched peacefully in downtown Quebec City to oppose the whole idea of a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA). Of course there were also lots of coverage of the 34 leaders at the Summit,
studiously playing the carefully choreographed show of consensual unity to march ahead this FTAA project -- denounced by many as a reincarnation of the infamous Multilateral Agreement on Investments (MAI) derailed in Seattle a couple years ago -- all this under the guise of creating an
economic commonwealth in the 3 Americas, with now the added condition that only so-called "democratic" nations will qualify to be in the club.

The story that even the Quebec media failed to report, despite an extensive and generally balanced coverage of the event, was the extraordinary brutality of the police forces that targetted peaceful demonstrators with dangerous rubber and plastic bullets, a riot-control weapon used for the
first time in Canada, sending dozens of young people in hospital and arresting over 450 people during the weekend. On the other side of the barriers, several police officiers were also hurt, some seriously, as a result of all kinds of objects thrown at them by a tiny minority of violent protesters.

Much more details on all this below in articles taken from the Quebec Independent Media Center website ( and the Yahoo Full Coverage at

Make sure to read also about the GMO report "Harvest of Fear: A Frontline/Nova Special" to be broadcast today - Tuesday evening - on PBS from 9 pm to 11 pm (East Coast time) -- see #5 below.

Jean Hudon
Earth Rainbow Network Coordinator

P.S. See also my comments in French on the FTAA Summit at

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Protesting the Trade in Lies and Violence (2001-04-21)

"This is what democracy looks like". A common chant in large protests nowadays, revealing the creativity and freedom of diverse peoples converging to celebrate their unity, reclaim streets, and envision a better future. So what might democracy look like or feel like in Canada today?
Thousands of protestors found out on April 20th during the Day of Action organized by Anti-Capitalist Convergence to mark the opening day of the Summit of the Americas in Quebec City. Opposed to the neo-liberal policies at the heart of the proposed Free Trade Summit of the Americas (FTAA),
thousands of activists from North and South America found out what form democracy currently takes in Canada: the stinging of eyes after repeated tear gas canisters were shot by thousands of assembled police; the restriction on movement, after the government erected a 4-kilometre long barricade enclosing trade negotiators; and the arrest of several activists by officers for daring to express dissent.

Odd then, that George Bush, the president of the United States, and Jean Chretien, the prime minister of Canada, continue to bleat their unproven mantra that free trade enhances democracy. On the opening day of the summit, Bush said that "Together, we will put forward an agenda to strengthen our democracies, to tackle common challenges, and we will seek to expand our prosperity by expanding our trade. Our goal in Quebec is to build a hemisphere of liberty. We must approach this goal in the spirit of
civility, mutual respect and appreciation for our shared values". Commenting on the destruction of property- not violence to other humans-done by a minority of the protestors, Chretien said "The actions of a few extremists this afternoon are contrary to the democratic principles we all hold dear".

The activist response is this: What kind of "democratic principles" is Canada upholding by heavily promoting Canadian corporate investment in repressive countries such as Indonesia, Sudan and China? In particular, how democratic is it to give taxpayer funded loan guarantees, subsidies, and political support to corporations through the Export Development Corporation, that have ended up usurping Third World populations for hydro, mineral, and energy development? Similarly, Bush's vow to respect others and create a "hemisphere of liberty" would be nice if it weren't so transparently false; neoliberal policies pushed upon poor South American companies by the IMF and World Bank in the past two decades have made Haiti, Nicaragua, and Mexico ideal places for American corporate sweatshops
that often have draconian and coercive working conditions. As one of the signs in the Day of Action expressed, the FTAA (ZLEA in French) is the "Zone de Libre-Exploitation des Ameriques".

At this point in the evolution of international protests against economic globalization, there have been enough facts and figures trotted out to thoroughly disprove any rational claim that such policies will create lasting conditions of prosperity, liberty, and stability. Seeing that their conventional statements do not work anymore, free trade proponents are thrashing about wildly for a response; sometimes they try slipping the usual lies past activists, other times they try character assassination, complete fabrications, and unproven claims. It is in this way that activists and others concerned about globalization can be dismissed as anarchists, hooligans, ignorant fools and party-goers.

The Day of Action in Quebec City put liberalization proponents on alert by asserting that activists are not going to accept the elite control of economies any longer and that globalization will be challenged for a long time to come. A sign at the Day of Action best expressed the attitude towards people such as Bush and Chretien, using the French acronym for the WTO, OMC: "Organisation Mondiale des Crosseurs"- the World Organization of the Deceptive. Not only at meetings of the global economy's architects- the WTO, IMF, World Bank- will such actions be challenged, but in factories, fields, and classrooms the world over. Another sign put it more simply: "Attention: Le Monde N'est Pas Une Marchandise"- Attention: The World is not for Sale.

Ajay Gandhi

*   *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *

2.DAILY GRIST 23 Apr 2001

As police tear gassed and fired rubber bullets and water cannons at protesters in Quebec this weekend, President Bush spoke inside the protected halls of a conference center and told the other leaders from the Western Hemisphere that "open trade must be matched by a strong commitment to protecting our environment and improving labor standards."  But Bush offered no specifics on how such a commitment would be implemented.  Many Democrats argue that countries joining trade pacts with the U.S. should at a minimum be prevented from lowering their environmental and labor standards in order to attract foreign investment.  Police estimated that at least 20,000 protesters were in Quebec to demonstrate against globalization and the Free Trade Area of the Americans.

Washington Post, Paul Blustein, 23 Apr 2001

New York Times, Anthony DePalma, 22 Apr 2001

New York Times, Michael M. Weinstein, 22 Apr 2001

A week in the life of an activist in Quebec -- David Waskow, Friends of the

*   *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *


Report from the medics Ari R   2001-04-21
According to street medic and clinition, Doc Rosen, this is some of the worst police brutality he has ever seen. He said the police are acting with more violence than N30 in Seattle. The medics have been treating many burns, broken bones, tear gas related injuries, head injuries, and even a C-Spine injury from a rubber bullet. The QC police are intentionally aiming tear gas canisters and plastic bullets at peoples heads, beating people, shooting them with water cannons, and just being brutal in general.

*   *   *   *   *   *   *   *   *




By Cliff Pearson, co-chair Green Party of Dallas County Dallas, Texas USA

(QUEBEC CITY, Quebec) - The state of emergency declared last night for the headquarters of CMAQ, the Quebec Independent Media Center, has been rescinded.

At approximately 10:44 p.m. EDT, members of the Quebec Legal Collective, a group of attorneys volunteering their services to protesters, arrived at the newsroom in case CMAQ personnel required legal assistance.

At approximately 11:00 p.m. EDT, approximately 20 riot police fired rubber bullets down the stairs into the CMAQ foyer, injuring one activist. He suffered wounds to his leg and was treated at the scene by medics. CMAQ staff and reporters responded to the police assault by barricading the doors.

By 11:06 p.m. EDT, the police retreated down Rue Cote d'Abraham to confront protesters.

At 11:24 p.m. EDT, CMAQ had to block the doors with clothes and blankets to prevent tear gas -- presumably fired at the activists -- from seeping into the newsroom.

At 12:57 a.m. EDT, CMAQ reporters confirmed via eyewitnesses that the Medical Center had been tear-gassed by riot police. The clinic was moved to the CMAQ building.

As of 1:29 a.m. EDT -- Sunday, April 22, 2001 -- CMAQ staffers confirmed that the young man shot in the throat with a plastic bullet last night is in critical but stable condition at St. Foy Hospital in Quebec City, Quebec.

Other reports of serious injuries and police brutality continued to mount all last night and this morning and afternoon. People who had attended the previous protests in Seattle, Washington, D.C. and Philadelphia continue to insist that the situation here is worse than all prior protests.

One of the more serious reports is that a man suffered eye injuries after being struck in the face by shrapnel from an exploding tear gas canister.

The Quebec Legal Collective reports confirmation that more than 30 canisters of "noxious gases," such as tear gas and pepper spray, were fired in various places in the city last night.

Besides gassing, many of the acts of police brutality include the firing of rubber and plastic bullets at protesters. Quebec Legal Collective observers have collected whole bullets and shells from the ground.

The legal team also reports the use of metal "bean bags" shot from police weapons. Additionally, there is one confirmed report of a man with a broken arm hit by a tear gas canister reportedly fired at close range (less than one meter, or two feet).

As for arrests, the Quebec Legal Collective confirmed -- by receiving calls from jailed prisoners themselves -- a total of 430 arrested protesters. Of these, 250 were arrested between the hours of 6:00 p.m. and 3:00 a.m last night.

Most of the arrests took place near Rue St. Joseph and Rue de l'Couronne. These streets are several city blocks from the security perimeter and are supposedly in designated "green" zones -- areas of low-risk of arrest, where no illegal behavior was to take place.

Some of the protesters arrested yesterday and Friday have been released. The charges are varied, and are mostly for minor infractions such as criminal mischief and "being suspect," a dubious term that does not appear to be a legal criminal charge.

Patrick Deschenes, the missing roommate of my Canadian host, has still not been positively located. But at approximately 8:00 a.m. EDT, our host, Sarah Gognan, was told that others of her friends arrested in the same incident are now out of jail. These friends confirmed that Mr. Deschenes is in the jail.

Jaggi Singh, the activist reported kidnapped by police on Friday, is still in jail and police say he will not be released until Wednesday, April 25, 2001. Police have not said why he will be detained so long.

At 1:30 p.m. EDT this afternoon, an attorney from the Quebec Legal Collective came to the CMAQ newsroom to announce that he is filing a class action lawsuit on behalf of those who have suffered civil rights abuses and police brutality. He is looking for victims of police brutality to interview.

The Quebec Legal Collective reports they have received more than 30 reports of people being detained on the streets and questioned by riot police.

They also report they have spoken with and received reports that many vans, buses, and cars have been stopped. Reports include incidents of police unlawfully demanding identification from all passengers in cars, unlawful searches of people on the street who are not under arrest and do not
consent to the search, and the ticketing of people who have tear gas masks -- none of which are illegal acts under the Canadian Charter of Government.

Additionally, the Quebec Legal Collective reports numerous eyewitness reports of over a dozen "targeted arrests" of protesters. Police have made targeted, pre-planned arrests of specific people, without regard to their current actions -- presumably as "preventive arrests."

For example, the legal team reports three police cars pulled up on the side of the road, jumped out and tackled a person to the ground. In another situation witnessed by legal observers, two undercover police vans picked up three people as they were walking peacefully by a gas station.

Finally, the legal team reports that more than 300 people from the United States were turned back at the border attempting to enter Canada. People turned back had their personal belongings (including phonebooks, literature, and journals) photocopied and were interrogated about their political beliefs and activities before they were turned away. Over 15 people were detained at the New York and Vermont borders and have not yet been released.

Actions today are decidedly calmer so far. Activists are apparently centering their attention around "solidarity protests" outside the Orsainville prison, the Quebec City facility where those arrested last
night are currently jailed. Protesters are shouting outside the prison walls for the unconditional release of all the remaining protesters who are imprisoned.

There are no scheduled actions planned for the security perimeter fence, as there were yesterday, but there are reports of tear gassings at Rene Levesque near the site of yesterday's initial fence destruction. CMAQ independent reporters have been dispatched to investigate.

See also "The benefits of Summit Hopping" at

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Subject: FRONTLINE Bulletin - Harvest of Fear - about biotech food products

Date: Sun, 22 Apr 2001
From: FRONTLINE bulletin <>

Virus proof papayas.  Edible in-a-banana vaccines. Pest resistant crops. Super fast growing salmon.  These are some of the current and future pay offs of genetic modification of food.

But are you wary of biotech food products? Maybe wondering why Europe is so skittish about them?  Do you know how much genetically modified food is already on U.S. grocery shelves?

FRONTLINE and NOVA's joint report "Harvest of Fear"--this Tuesday April 24--explores the intensifying debate over this new technology. It interviews top scientists, biotechnology critics, farmers, food industry and regulatory agency representatives to present both sides of the
controversy. And it tells some compelling stories about the breakthroughs of this technology, the potential unintended consequences, and the fierce opposition in some quarters.

"Basically, this is a story about the increasing power of science to alter our world and the fear this power generates," says producer Jon Palfreman. "The fact that the story is about food-a subject about which people have entrenched opinions, tastes, and beliefs-makes it that much more

Next Tuesday, FRONTLINE and NOVA disentangle the fight over genetically modified food-the risks...the benefits..the hopes..and the fears.   It's April 24th at 9pm - ON PBS

More preview details:  (EXCELLENT!)



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6.Date: Fri, 20 Apr 2001
From: BILL D <>
Subject: WATER


Maude Barlow, chair of the Council of Canadians, Canada's largest public advocacy group, states, "Governments around the world must act now to declare water a fundamental human right and prevent efforts to privatize, export, and sell for profit a substance essential to all life.

Research has shown that selling water on the open market only delivers it to wealthy cities and individuals. The finite sources of freshwater (less than one half of one per cent of the world's total water stock) are being diverted, depleted, and polluted so fast that, by the year 2025, two-thirds of the world's population will be living in a state of serious water deprivation."

Governments are signing away their control over domestic water supplies by participating in trade treaties such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and in institutions such as the World Trade Organization (WTO). These agreements give transnational corporations the unprecedented right to the water of signatory companies.

Monsanto plans to earn revenues of $420 million and a net income of $63 million by 2008 from its water business in India and Mexico. Monsanto estimates that water will become a multibillion-dollar market in the coming decades.

This international water crisis news story was selected by over 150 faculty and student researchers at Sonoma State University's Project Censored in California as the number one most censored news story for 2000.

Credit for original reporting goes to: International Forum on Globalization: Special Report 6/99, The Global Water Crisis and the Commodification of the World's Water Supply by Maude Barlow

In These Times, Water Fallout: Bolivians Battle Globalization 5/15/00 by
Jim Shultz

Canadian Dimension, 2/2000, Monsanto's Billion-Dollar Water Monopoly Plans
by Vandana Shiva

Canadian Dimension, 2/00, Water Fallout,
by Jim Shultz San Francisco Bay Guardian, 5/31/00

Trouble on Tap,
by Daniel Zoll

San Francisco Bay Guardian, 5/31/00, The Earth Wrecker, by Pratap Chatterjee.

Peter Phillips Ph.D. Sociology Department/Project Censored

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