Dee Finney's blog
start date July 20, 2011
today's date August 31, 2012
TOPIC: WHAT IS THE CONNECTION BETWEEN MITT ROMNEY AND DAGOBERT II - THE MEROVINGIAN KING?
8-31-12 - After watching the acceptance speech of Mitt Romney on television at his convention, I had this dream.
DREAM - I was in charge of keeping track of things involved in a business. I kept the files and notes and anything that pertained to the people involved in the business, whatsoever.
One of the female employees came in with a 'tag' proving that a fly had been served to the head man of the company. We were sending the 'tag' of proof to another company so that a complaint could be made about the fly.
The woman asked me to personally write a small note on a piece of pink paper the size of a 'posted note.' stating "Enclosed is the 'tag' of proof.
Just then a man by the name of Dagobert came into the room with a small can of soup wrapped in cellophane with the actual fly in the soup.
That made me confused. Who had the real fly? Dagobert with the can of soup, or we with the 'tag' of proof.?
For some reason, I keep seeing an image of a Mask of Romney at the head of the article being written, not a photograph of the real man.
A supporter wears a Mitt Romney mask on the back of the head during a speech by Florida Governor Jeb Bush at the Tampa Bay Times Forum in Tampa, Florida, on August 30, 2012 on the final day of the Republican National Convention (RNC). The RNC will culminate later today with the formal nomination of Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan as the GOP presidential and vice-presidential candidates in the US presidential election.
NOTE: When I first saw this mask, I immediately thought of President Richard Nixon
PRESIDENT RICHARD NIXON
THE FACES OF MITT ROMNEY
THE MASKS OF MITT ROMNEY
NOTE: CELLOPHANE WRAPPED ITEMS IN DREAMS IS NOT A GOOD SIGN.
HERE ARE SOME OTHER EXAMPLES:
NOTE: FLY IN THE SOUP IS NEGATIVE AS WELL
NOTE: I REALLY DID WORK WITH A MAN NAMED DAGOBERT AT ONE TIME.
THAT'S WHY I KNEW HIM SO WELL IN THE DREAM.
Who Was Dagobert II?
In the year 469, the Roman Catholic Church made a pact with Clovis I, King of the Franks, bestowing upon him the title "New Constantine", in exchange for his conversion to the faith. Thus began the Holy Roman Empire, with the promise that the title would be passed down to his descendants from that moment on. In the year 800, that promise was broken.
Dagobert II was a French king from the sacred Merovingian bloodline, the last Merovingian to hold the title "Holy Roman Emperor". The Merovingians were a dynasty of Frankish priest-kings who were believed by their subjects to have magical powers derived from their long red hair. There were rumors of witchcraft, fortune telling and crystal-ball gazing, among others. In fact, portraits of Merovingian kings customarily depict them holding one of these crystal balls in the left hand. Since the time of Clovis I, the Merovingians had presided over the Holy Roman Empire, but by the time Dagobert II was born, the power of the throne had already been weakened, with authority increasingly being usurped by court chancellors known as "Mayors of the Palace".
On the death of his father, the 5-year-old Dagobert was kidnapped by then Palace Mayor Grimoald, who tried to put his own son on the throne. Human compassion saved him from death, and he was exiled to Ireland, only to return years later and reclaim the throne in 679. But the problems of the Mayors of the Palace continued. Three years later, apparently displeased with Dagobert’s lack of allegiance, the Roman church entered into a conspiracy with Mayor Pepin the Fat. On December 23, while on a hunting trip, Dagobert was lanced through the eye by his own godson, supposedly on Pepin’s orders. With Roman endorsement, Pepin passed political power onto his son, Charles Martel, thus starting the Carolingian dynasty that would later become so famous. After that, the Merovingian bloodline faded into obscurity.
Merovingian kings were essentially powerless, and they were officially thought
to have died out with Dagobert’s grandson, Childeric III. 49 years later,
Charles Martel’s grandson, Charlemagne was anointed Holy Roman Emperor.
The church had finally washed its hands of the Merovingian problem, or so they
And what was the problem, exactly? Well, rumor has it that the Merovingian bloodline was descendant from Jesus, or one of his brothers, who fled Roman persecution at the time of the crucifixion and escaped to France, where they intermarried with French royalty. This claim is made by certain members of modern European nobility, who trace their own ancestry back to Dagobert’s son Sigisbert. According to this claim, the Merovingians knew the truth about Jesus and his actual significance as King of the Jews.
They knew the
Roman church had stolen their birthright - Jerusalem, co-opted the idea of
Jesus and created a fictionalized version of the messiah to further their
own agenda - world domination, both secular and spiritual. The Merovingians
knew that the fantasy of Christ as a virgin-born deity who suffered
willingly for our sins and ascended to heaven was just that - an "opiate
of the masses" used by the Romans as an excuse to set themselves up as the
arbiters of God in order to perpetuate their faltering empire. This might
have been the whole reason for the pact with Clovis I, to effectively
shut him and his family up. And with the death of Dagobert II, they
thought they had eradicated this threat for good. They were sorely mistaken.
Back to Top
The Unified Field Theory of Dagobert’s Revenge
by Tracy R. Twyman
from DagobertsRevenge Website
recovered through WayBackMachine Website
Revenge Magazine is based on a theory of history, a concept of theology, and
a body of literature that exploded onto the public consciousness in the early
1980s with the publication of the best-selling
Holy Blood, Holy Grail, by Michael Baigent,
Henry Lincoln, and Richard Leigh. This book presented a radical
new theory: that Jesus Christ
did not die on the cross, but lived on to father children
with his wife, Mary Magdalen, whose descendants intermarried
with what became the Royal House of France. And it all started with
Henry Lincoln’s investigation in the mystery of
It was in this tiny village in the south of France that a poor parish priest named Berenger Sauniere discovered 4 parchments that were to change his life, and the surrounding village, forever. Two of these parchments were genealogies of this magazine’s mascot, Dagobert II, the last of the Frankish dynasty of Priest-Kings known as the Merovingians. The other two contained ciphered messages which, when decoded, displayed the following:
"To Dagobert II, King, and to Sion belong this treasure and he is there dead."
"Shepherdess - No temptation that Poussin and Teniers hold the key; Peace 681 By the cross and this horse of God I destroy this dæmon of the guardian at noon blue apples."
these parchments, this once-poor parish priest became suddenly and inexplicably
wealthy, perhaps because of having found some buried treasure. He began hanging
out with members of the Parisian upper-crust occult set, such as composer
Claude Debussy and opera singer Emma Calve. He began redecorating his
church and surrounding property in a most bizarre fashion, leaving behind
strange clues in an effort to communicate to future generations the secret that
he had learned from the parchments. These clues, many involving the use of
occult, qabalistic, alchemical, Masonic, and Templar-oriented symbolism, seem to
indicate the involvement of a secret society known as
the Priory of Sion.
The Prieuré de Sion (Priory of Zion) was a chivalrous fraternity created in medieval France with the purpose of preserving the Merovingian bloodline and returning them to the throne of France. They were officially founded as the Order de Sion by Godfroi de Bouillon, in either 1090 or 1099. This was just prior the First Crusade, which was also headed by de Bouillon. Their official headquarters was the Abbey of Notre Dame du Mont de Sion in Jerusalem. In March 1117 they had Baldwin I, King of Jerusalem (who, it is said, owed his throne to them due to their efforts on his behalf) negotiate the constitution of the Order of the Temple, A.K.A. the Knights Templar, as the military and administrative arm of the Order de Sion.
order, which had already been around more than a decade, was headed by Hughes
de Payen, who was also a founding member of the Order de Sion. They
are not mentioned again in history until 1152, when King Louis VII of
France brought them 95 new members and gave them the priory of Saint-Samson
The Templars, according to tradition, were created for the purpose of safeguarding pilgrims on the road to the Holy Land, and they are most famous for their brave fighting on behalf of Christiandom for the capture of Jerusalem. However, evidence indicates that this was not at all an orthodox Christian organization, but that their secret rituals and doctrine were much more mystical, hermetic, and occult-oriented, and derived not from the Church, but from Christ himself.
Now the Knights Templar had quite a career after the Crusades. They basically took over Europe financially, dominating all the major industries, especially that of money lending. They invented the modern checking system, and within a few years had all of Europe’s kings indebted to them. This is why, even though they were disbanded by the Pope and the Grand Master burnt at the stake for heresy, some people believe that the Templars still exist today, continuing to manipulate the affairs of Europe behind the scenes. The Swiss nation, especially, is believed to be controlled by them. The same can be said for the Priory of Sion, which continues to this day, according to the authors of Holy Blood, Holy Grail.
In fact, a number
of illustrious figures in history, including Leonardo da Vinci, Robert Boyle,
Isaac Newton, Victor Hugo, Claude Debussy, and Jean Cocteau have served as the
Priory’s Grand Masters, or Nautionniers (Navigators.) The
Priory has been credited by some with the creation of the European Union.
The same insignia which they proposed for the flag of the United States of
Europe in the 1950s is being used on the flag of the EU today. Former President
of France François Mitterand was believed to be a member of the Priory,
and many other very powerful people. They are also said to be in league with the
CIA, MI5, and the Mafia. As for the Merovingians, their
bloodline continues on. Through incestuous intermarriage, most of the royal
families of Europe can claim descent from them. And from these royal families,
have come all 44 of the United States Presidents.
Who exactly were the Merovingians, you may ask, and what is so special about them? They were the first kings of what is now France, the first to unify the kingdom, and the first to preside over the prototype of the Holy Roman Empire. They were granted the title of New Constantine in perpetuity by the Pope, some believe, because the Vatican recognized the descent of the Merovingian bloodline from that of Jesus Christ, who, according to this theory, was the husband of Mary Magdalen, and sired a child through her. Mary and her child later fled to France, were their descendants married into the local Visigothic nobility. This would explain why the Vatican granted the Merovingians the title New Constantine, in recognition of the descent from the King of Kings himself.
It also explains
why the Knights Templar wished to take control of Jerusalem - because
they considered it their rightful inheritance. Christ, as the biological
son of Joseph, was a descendant of King David, and therefore the rightful
king of Jerusalem, so his descendants would have been as well. It would also
explain why the Templars were called the "Guardians of the Grail", and as
many have pointed out, "Holy Grail" comes from the French word "Sangreal",
which could just as easily be translated as "royal blood", meaning the
bloodline of Christ.
But why, many have asked, if he was not the son of God, and did not die on the cross for our sins, should his bloodline be so important. If the people who ascribe to this theory do not believe in his divinity, why should they care about his descendants? This is something that has never been adequately explained in past genre literature, but Boyd Rice and I believe that we have the answer, which we will describe in full in our upcoming book. Fact is, Jesus was the "Son of God", but not he pseudo-mystical force that supposedly impregnated Mary’s virgin womb. It goes back to King David, and further than that, to ancient Sumer, Atlantis, and the very beginnings of human history.
For the kings of
the ancient world were the "gods" whose rule is now recorded in the
mythologies of every past and present culture across the globe, and their
descendants are the human kings who have reigned since the Flood, when the gods
left the Earth. The bloodline of Christ and King David, and of almost all
royal houses throughout history can be traced back to these "gods" or
Pre-diluvian kings. That is where the concept of kingship came from,
and that is where all of our ancient traditions, religious principles, and all
of the basic arts and sciences of civilization came from. And the secret
hermetic doctrine of occultism, which is popular in the underground today, can
be traced there as well.
The implications of our theory are absolutely mind-blowing. It synthesizes a number of facts and theories regarding history, folklore, secret societies, and occultism that have so far remained disparate, creating a "Unified Field Theory" of the Grail mystery, where all interpretations of the Holy Grail - as a cup, a stone, a tablet, a secret doctrine, a spiritual experience, or a royal bloodline - are reconciled with one another. We are not saying that every part of our theory is absolutely correct, but with what we’ve learned we certainly can’t be all wrong. And if even a fraction of our theory is correct, then human history will have to be rewritten. The implications of what we have to present to you, in our forthcoming book, and in the future issues of this magazine, are positively staggering.
King Dagobert II, effectively the last of the Merovingian
kings of France, is the figure that the
Ordo Lapsit Exillis has chosen
as its mascot, and he is the namesake of the OLE’s official journal,
Dagobert’s Revenge Magazine. His life exemplifies our ideals,
and his death represents the defeat of those ideals that we and our
ideological predecessors have suffered throughout the centuries. The
concept of avenging his
murder is, for us, an allegory of the struggle we are engaged in
for the revival of Western civilization’s ancient spiritual
traditions. Furthermore, Dagobert embodies the archetype of
the Lord of the Earth, the symbolic Grand Monarch spoken of in
occult lore who is destined to one day rule the nations in a holy
empire built upon Hermetic principles.
marriage was celebrated at the Church of St. Madeleine in Rhedae,
the same spot where Sauniere’s Church of
St. Madeleine at Rennes-le-Chateau
now rests. There is an existing rumor that Dagobert found
something there, a clue which lead him to a treasure buried in the
nearby Montsegur, and this treasure
financed what was about to come. This was the reconquest of the
Aquitaine and the throne of the Frankish kingdom. As Baigent,
et. al write in Holy Blood, Holy Grail, At once he set about
asserting and consolidating his authority, taming the anarchy that
prevailed throughout Austrasia and reestablishing order. The fallen
king had risen from his ashes, born
anew as Dagobert II, and had come to once more establish
firm rule and equilibrium in his country. The similarities to the
Parzival/Grail story don’t even need to be repeated.
But that allegiance on the part of the Merovingians towards the Church began to wear thin after a while. Obviously, given their infernal and divine origin, their spiritual bent was slightly different from that of organized Christianity. In addition, as direct descendants of the historical Christ himself, they would have possessed access to the secret teachings of Christ, now doubt shockingly different from the ones promoted by the Church, and reflecting more of the secret doctrine of the rebellious gods that we’ve talked about in this article.
public knowledge of this or the blood relationship between Christ
and the Merovingians would have been disastrous for the
Church. Christ would therefore be a man, with antecedents and
descendants, instead of the son of God, born of a virgin
concept promoted by the Church. Seeing in Dagobert a
potential threat, the Roman church entered into a conspiracy with
Palace Mayor Pepin the Fat.
As we have mentioned, Capricorn is based on Enki, the horned sea-god that spawned the Merovingian bloodline. It is also close to the Winter Solstice, the shortest day in the year, when the Sun was said to die, mythologically, and turn black, descending into the Underworld. This Black period of the Sun is associated with the god Kronos, another horned sea-god, ruler of the underworld, and king of Atlantis who figures repeatedly in this Grail/Rennes-le-Chateau mystery. Secondly, the murder is said to take place at midday, which, as I have mentioned in another article, is an extremely significant moment in time for mystery schools of the secret doctrine, like Freemasonry.
parchments found by Berenger Sauniere and the related poem,
Le Serpent Rouge make a special mention of it. This is when
the sun is highest in the sky. The fact that it was done by a family
member is significant too. This is similar to the Dolorous Stroke
that wounds the Fisher King in the Grail story, something
which also took place at midday and was inflicted by the king’s own
brother. In this story, the brother who wounds the Fisher King is
himself known as the Dark Lord , and during the fight he is
wounded in the left eye, precisely as Dagobert was wounded.
The same thing happened to Horus in Egyptian mythology,
fighting his uncle, Set. The Left Eye of Horus came to
symbolize the hidden knowledge of the gods, just as the left hand
path does today. Dagobert’s death appears to follow the same
patterns as many other fallen kings or murdered gods whose death
must be avenged. And it is meant to symbolize the concept of the
lost or fallen kingdom the same way the Dolorous Stroke does
in the Grail story.
Guilty, or afraid? For surely they knew that this Priest-King of the House of Dagon, with his divine lineage, so beloved by his people that they worship him like a god 200 years later, would of course be avenged for his treacherous murder. Surely they knew that the Merovingian bloodline didn’t die out, surviving through his son Sigisbert, and continues to jockey for the throne of France to this very day through the various royal bloodlines throughout Europe. Surely they knew that this kingdom would rise again, and that the lost king would return someday.
The seeds of his return have already been planted. France is united into the political mass that Dagobert had envisioned it to be when he united Austrasia, and the Holy Roman Empire , which the Merovingian Kings were clearly attempting to form with the help of the Vatican, has now become a reality, in the form of the European Union. During WWII and immediately afterwards, the Priory of Sion, that secret order dedicated to the Merovingian agenda, openly campaigned for a United States of Europe. They even proposed a flag, consisting of stars in a circle, that is identical to the flag used by the European Union today. (This flag was carried by a divine white horse, a symbol of Poseidon and world monarchy.)
Furthermore, the world empire of the Atlantean kings who spawned the Merovingians is closer now then it has been since the gods left the earth during the Deluge. The United Nations, a feeble example, will surely give way at some point to a united world government strong enough and glorious enough to be called an empire. The fallen kingdom of the gods is clearly returning, and the new Golden Age is upon us. This is, indeed, a glorious time to be alive.
NAPOLEON AND THE BEE
The creation of the coat of arms
Proclaimed Emperor of the French on 28 Floréal, An XII (18 May, 1804), Napoleon approached the problem of the emblems of sovereignty on 23 Prairial (12 juin) during a session of the Conseil d'Etat. The choice of the new symbols so as to make a clean break with the monarchy of the Ancien Régime proved difficult. Crétet proposed successively an eagle, a lion and an elephant. Cambacérès preferred bees since France was a republic with a head, like a hive; Ségur thought that a lion would be better, stronger than the English leopard; Laumond was for the elephant, " the strongest of animals "; Duroc preferred the oak and Lebrun the fleur de lys, which he felt was the emblem of France and not the Bourbons. The Conseil d'Etat finally went for the cockerel, but Napoleon preferred the lion. However, on 21 Messidor, An XII (10 July, 1804), the emperor crossed out the lion from the decree instituting his seal and coat of arms and imposed the eagle. Developed by Denon, Gay and Biennais, the 'armes de l'Empire' (Empire coat of arms), taking their inspiration from both Ancient Rome and Charlemagne, were re-used largely unchanged by the Second Empire. The coat of arms comprises the following elements:
The principal element of the new shield, this symbol of imperial Rome, Jupiter's bird, was associated from the earliest antiquity with military victory. The decree of 10 July, 1804 stipulates that the coat of arms of the emperor should be: " d'azur à l'aigle à l'antique d'or, empiétant un foudre du même " (azure with a gold, ancient eagle clutching a thunderbolt of the same colour). This eagle, very different from the motifs of traditional heraldry, also took elements from the Carolingian eagle. The day after the coronation, Napoleon had an eagle placed at the top of the shaft of every flag in the Napoleonic army.
Symbol of immortality and resurrection, the bee was chosen so as to link the new dynasty to the very origins of France. Golden bees (in fact, cicadas) were discovered in 1653 in Tournai in the tomb of Childeric I, founder in 457 of the Merovingian dynasty and father of Clovis. They were considered as the oldest emblem of the sovereigns of France.
Created on 29 Floréal, An X (19 May, 1802) as a decoration for military and civil services, the Légion d'honneur took its name from ancient Rome. The chain of the Légion d'honneur, reserved for the emperor, princes of the imperial family and grand dignitaries, is composed of a gold chain made of 16 trophies linked by eagles with the ribbon and cross of the order at their necks. This chain is bordered on either side by a small chain alternating stars and bees. The central motif, the Napoleonic N, is encircled by a laurel wreath and supports the cross of the Légion d'honneur, a five-pointed pommel-pointed star, in white enamel. In the centre is the laurel-crowned profile of the emperor, the whole surmounted by the imperial crown.
Both " Honneurs " of Charlemagne and re-used for the coronation of 2 December, 1804, the hand and sceptre appear (crossed) on the imperial coat of arms. The sceptre, the baton of command, sign of sovereign authority, is that of Charlemagne and at the end is mounted a statuette of the first Emperor of the West. The reconstituted Hand of Justice is a stick mounted with a ivory hand which gives a benediction.
The escutcheon stands out from the imperial cape which is similar to that used by the peers of France. Scarlet velvet spread with bees, and bordered with grape clusters, gold fringes, the cape is lined with ermine and is held in place by the crown made of eagles with raised wings alternating with arcs, the whole topped with a globe bearing a cross.
Napoleon was not a bee-keeper. However, he often wore bees, or rather images of the small, industrious insects, sometimes quite a lot of them, embroidered on some of his regal garments. They also ornamented many objects in his imperial residences, and he allowed some of his highest ranking courtiers to wear them and decorate with them as well. By the time the Prince of Wales took the oath by which he became Regent of England, the bee was one of the most important symbols of the power and prestige of Napoleon’s empire. An yet, the objects from which the little Corsican took his inspiration were not actually bees at all.
How the ornaments on a horse harness made in the Dark Ages became a symbol of Napoleonic France …
About 482 AD, Childeric I, the second king of the Merovingian dynasty of the Franks, died in his capital city of Tournai, now located in Belgium. His loyal subjects entombed his remains with a great many precious objects which had belonged to him, including a gold ring inscribed CHILDERICI REGIS, "of Childeric the king." Hundreds of gold and silver coins were also placed in the tomb, along with two large gold buckles, a gold fibula, various other pieces of jewelry fashioned of gold and cloisonné, a golden bull’s head and a crystal ball. There were also many weapons, most notably a sword with a richly ornamented hilt, as well as pikes, battle-axes, spears and shields. The remains of an ornate horse harness was found along with a horse’s skeleton. The harness had been studded with over 300 fluerons made of gold, inset with red garnets.
As the centuries passed, Childeric’s tomb was forgotten and eventually built over. Almost 1200 years later, on 27 May 1653, a construction crew was excavating in an area just north of the church of Saint Brice in Tournai. At the bottom of a pit about eight feet deep, one of the laborers, Adrien Quinquin by name, found a gold bracelet, then handfuls of coins. Additional excavation in the pit eventually revealed all of the contents of the tomb, which was identified by the gold ring inscribed with Childeric’s name and title. Tournai was then part of the Austrian Netherlands, and the objects were turned over to Leopold Wilhelm, a Hapsburg archduke, in Brussels, who was then the governor. Archduke Leopold gave the objects to his personal physician, Jean-Jacques Chifflet, a learned man who was also a noted scholar. Chifflet prepared an illustrated report on the find, which was published in 1655, under the Latin title Anastasis Childerici I. Francorvm Regis, sive Thesavrvs Sepvlchralis Tornaci Neruiorum … (The Resurrection of Childeric the First, King of the Franks, or the Funerary Treasure of Tournai). Chifflet’s report is considered to be the world’s first scientific archaeological publication.
The following year, 1656, the Childeric tomb collection was transferred from Brussels to the Austrian treasury in Vienna, where it remained for nine years. In 1665, the treasure was on the move again. This time, the Austrian Emperor Leopold presented the treasure of Childeric to King Louis XIV of France. But the Sun King, who preferred objects which glittered with light, was quite underwhelmed by his gift and consigned them to the Cabinet of Antiquities in his great Bibliothèque Royale, which would eventually become the Bibliothèque Nationale de France during the Revolution. Then for nearly a century and a half, Childeric’s treasures were ignored and once more nearly forgotten.
In January of 1804, Napoleon Bonaparte, then First Consul of France, uncovered a plot, ostensibly sponsored by the Bourbons, to assassinate him. Bonaparte used the assassination plot against him to justify re-establishing a hereditary monarchy in France, with himself as the Emperor. In so doing, he would create a stronger barrier against the restoration of the House of Bourbon to the throne of France, since he would be occupying that throne himself. There was just one small impediment to this plan. The monarchs of the House of Bourbon had held the French throne by divine right for over two hundred years. How was the upstart Corsican to justify his right of kingship, both to his subjects and the other monarchs of Europe? By his trappings, of course.
Napoleon was well aware that, at least in part, his power was based on maintaining the illusion of it. He also understood the use of display to demonstrate his authority and was fully aware of the prestige value attached to antiquity and pageantry. Therefore, in the spring of 1804, he created the Council Commission, made up of several members of his Council of State, and chaired by Emmanuel Cretet. It was the responsibility of this commission to plan everything to do with the coronation of the Emperor and Empress, which was scheduled for December of that year. Not only did the commission have to determine the protocol of the coronation, who would attend and where it would take place, they also had to select the emblems and ornamentation which would be employed on the imperial garments and decorations which would be needed. Of course, all of their choices would be subject to Bonaparte’s personal approval.
The primary emblem the commission chose was the eagle, symbolic of the empires of both Julius Caesar and Charlemagne. This choice met with the wholehearted approval of all of the commission members as well as the Emperor himself. But there was still the matter of the Emperor’s personal emblem. The French kings had used the fleur-de-lys as their personal symbol, since it had been adopted by King Clovis I, the first Christian king of France and the son of Childeric I. But the fleur-de-lys had been proscribed by the National Convention during the Revolution, not that Napoleon would have cared one whit for that. The real problem was that it was too closely associated with the Bourbon kings whom Napoleon intended to supplant. Another emblem had to be found.
The commissioners began to look further back into French history, and reviewed Chifflet’s report on the treasures found in Childeric’s tomb. Chifflet had considered that the three hundred small gold and garnet fluerons which had been found with the remains of the horse harness were intended to represent bees, and were thus a symbol of the Frankish kings. He even went so far as to suggest that the fluerons might have been the origin of the fleur-de-lys adopted by Childeric’s son, Clovis. After considerable discussion and consultation with several noted scholars, the majority of the commissioners suggested that the bee should become the personal emblem of the Emperor. Napoleon, desiring ornaments which had even greater antiquity than the fleur-de-lys, but still strongly associated with the early Merovingian kings, felt the bee would give additional legitimacy to his imperial pretensions. He therefore accepted the bee as his personal emblem. Nor was the Emperor averse to the idea that his subjects might confuse the bee with the royal fleur-de-lys.
Once the bee had been settled upon as the Emperor’s emblem, several artists spent time studying the fluerons which were part of the Childeric tomb treasure. The treasure was still housed in the Bibliothèque Nationale, where it had remained since the Austrian Emperor had given it to Louis XIV in 1665. For some purposes, the original shape of the "bees" was acceptable, but not for the imperial cloaks which the Emperor and Empress would wear during the coronation ceremonies. Jean-Baptiste Isabey, best known as a miniature painter, and a close friend of the Bonapartes, was charged with the design of these very important garments. He was also responsible for the design of the garments to be worn by the highest-ranking dignitaries who would attend the ceremony. Isabey found that the Childeric "bee" was too compact and too lacking in detail to give the desired effect when embroidered in a semé (all-over) pattern in gilt thread on the red velvet of the coronation cloaks. Isabey developed a new bee design in a larger size, and volant en arrière, that is, seen from the top with partially open wings. It was this design, with variations, which became the primary version of Napoleon’s bee emblem.
Napoleon’s bee became very busy indeed prior to his coronation, as it was used on nearly every object having to do with that grand ceremony. Not only did it cover the surface of the imperial cloaks of both the Emperor and the Empress, but Josephine‘s white satin gown was embroidered all over with golden bees and even her white satin slippers had a golden bee embroidered on each toe, surmounted by a cluster of gilt bobbin lace. The bee was incorporated into Napoleon’s coat of arms and was also added to the arms of the "Princes-Grand-Dignitaries," or the High Officers of the Empire. No one else was allowed to use the bee in their arms or other decorations, even dukes could only use stars, and those below dukes could use neither stars nor bees. The bee was scattered all over the tops of the great gold nefs which where created to stand on the table before the Emperor and Empress at the banquet held after the coronation. Bees were woven into carpets, wall-hangings and upholstery fabrics for the imperial residences. They also appeared on furniture, glass, metalwork, ceramics and paper-hangings. Josephine used bees heavily in the decoration and furnishing of her Château of Malmaison. But bees were to be used only on objects for the imperial residences and those of Napoleon’s hand-picked High Officers. No one else was allowed to use the emblem of the bee. With one exception.
In May of 1804, Napoleon established his Légion d’Honneur, which remains to this day the highest decoration awarded in France. The insignia for the Legion of Honor which Napoleon had designed included a version of his bee emblem, with partially open wings. Recipients of the Legion of Honor award were the only people outside the French imperial circle who were allowed to display the bee of Napoleon, when they wore their insignia on special occasions.
There is still confusion around the "bees" of Childeric over which scholars continue to argue, even today. Though Chifflet stated that the fluerons had been found with the remains of a horse and its harness, some scholars believe the fluerons had been attached to Childeric’s cloak, as they have tiny holes by which they could have been sewn to the cloth. However, those same holes could just as easily have been used to attach them to the leather of a harness. Three hundred of them were found in Childeric’s tomb in 1653, and if all of them had been attached to the king’s cloak, it would have been quite a heavy and uncomfortable garment to wear. There is also the identification of these small objects. Though Chifflet thought they looked like bees, many modern-day scholars believe they were intended to represent cicadas or crickets, which were the symbols of death and resurrection to the Merovingians. There are others who believe they represent flies, which are found on the coats of arms of families from both Venice and Flanders, a territory once controled by the Merovingian kings. But the fly is not often considered a noble insect, and thus not appropriate for an imperial symbol, though it would no doubt have amused the British troops to think of Boney covered with flies.
The bee has for many centuries been considered a most admirable insect. They are social, industrious, well-organized, and productive. Napoleon’s advisor, Jean-Jacques-Régis de Cambacérès, suggested that a swarm of bees would be the perfect emblem of the French nation, exemplifying a great republic with a single, all-powerful leader. But Napoleon could not have cared less how bees ruled themselves, his only concern was that they help him rule by linking him to the French kings of the past. King Louis XII had used a beehive as part of his coat of arms in the Middle Ages. However, the French National Convention rejected the use of a hive as an emblem of the Republic, " … because bees do have a queen."
Napoleon and his senior officials continued to use the emblem of the bee for as long as he held power in France. Upon the restoration of Louis XVIII to the throne of France in 1815, the Napoleonic bee was replaced by the Bourbon fleur-de-lys wherever it was possible, though a few bees here and there eluded destruction. However, when Napoleon’s remains were returned to France in 1840, bees were one of the emblems used on the funeral pall and other decorations for the ceremony. When Napoleon’s nephew took power as Napoleon III, he also adopted the bee as one of his symbols, the last time a bee was to serve as symbol of French imperial power.
For further reading about Napoleon and his bees:
Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles, A Complete Guide to Heraldry. New York: Grammercy Press, 1978.
Goffart, Walter A. and Murray, Alexander C., After Rome’s Fall: Narrators and Sources of Early Medieval History. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998.
Marchese, C. Marina, Honeybee: Lessons from an Accidental Beekeeper. New York: Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, Inc., 2009.
Nouvel-Kammerer, Odile, Symbols of Power: Napoleon and the Art of the Empire Style, 1800 – 1815. New York: Abrams, Inc., 2007.
Warner Morley, Margaret, The Honey-Makers. Chicago: A. C. McClurg and Company, 1899.
Wells, Peter S., Barbarians to Angels: The Dark Ages Reconsidered. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 2009.
Wilson, Bee, The Hive: The Story of the Honeybee and Us. New York: Thomas Dunne Books, St. Martin’s Press, 2004.
Wilson-Smith, Timothy, Napoleon: Man of War, Man of Peace. New York: Carroll and Graff Publishers, 2002.
Author: Oman, Richard G.
Nineteenth-century leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints consciously created symbols to buttress their community. The most persistent of these pioneer symbols was the beehive.
Its origin may relate to the statement in the Book of Mormon that the jaredites carried "with them Deseret, which, by interpretation, is a honey bee" (Ether 2:3). The Deseret News (Oct. 11, 1881) described the symbol of the beehive in this way: "The hive and honey bees form our communal coat of arms…. It is a significant representation of the industry, harmony, order and frugality of the people, and of the sweet results of their toil, union and intelligent cooperation."
Working together during this early period, individuals contributed specialized talents and skills for building an integrated and well-planned community in a hostile environment. Community, not individuality, created this persistent symbol. The beehive has appeared on public and private Mormon buildings (such as temples, tabernacles, and meetinghouses, Brigham Young's Beehive House, and the mercantile institution ZCMI) as well as in folk art and on furniture.
Today it appears as a logo of some Church-related organizations, on the seals of the state of Utah and of two universities, on Church Welfare products, and on some commercial signs in Utah. It links the Mormon community across time while symbolizing the Mormon pioneer past.
Cannon, Hal. The Grand Beehive. Salt Lake City, 1980.
Oman, Richard, and Susan Oman. "Mormon Iconography." In Utah Folk Art:
A Catalog of Material Culture, ed. H. Cannon. Provo, Utah, 1980.
RICHARD G. OMAN
Utah is referred to as the Beehive State due to the symbol of the beehive being associated with the state, including its use on the state flag. The beehive is considered to be synonymous with industry and perseverance, since bees are famously hard workers, toiling almost endlessly for the well being of the hive and the bees living within it. Similarly, the early settlers in Utah, primarily members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, also known as the LDS Church and Mormon Church, saw the beehive as the perfect symbol to indicate their industriousness and hard work. This association with hard work and the industriousness of bees is also why the state motto is “Industry.”
The symbolism and use of the term “Beehive State” dates back almost as long as the founding of the territory by early pioneers. Following the death of Joseph Smith, founder of the LDS Church, Brigham Young emerged as the new leader and wanted to find a new place in which to help his followers grow and develop. He led many church members west from Illinois and ended up in Utah, where he and thousands of pioneers established new towns.