Haumikole! Hello my friend!
Mitaku Oyasin! We are all related!

Sitting Bull

Red Cloud



1641 Jesuits first encounter the Lakota -- in Minnesota near Lake Superior
1750 By this year, the Lakota have moved into the Great Plains.
1804 Lewis and Clark find the Lakota along the White River in South Dakota.
1851 Fort Laramie Treaty
1868 Treaty with Red Cloud establishes Great Sioux Reservation
1874 Gold discovered in the Black Hills.
1876 Battles with U.S., including Little Big Horn (25 June).  Black Hills "sold" to U.S.
1877 Crazy Horse surrenders and is killed.
1883 The last of the bison herds is slaughtered by Wasichu (white) buffalo-hunters.
1881 The U.S. government forbids celebration of sundance. (It continues in secret.)
1889 The Ghost Dance movement begins under Wovoka (Paiute holy man).
1890 Massacre at Wounded Knee (29 December)
1932 Black Elk tells his story to John Niehardt; Deloria publishes Dakota Texts.
1934 Indian Reorganization Act
1968 Founding of American Indian Movement
1973 The Seige at Wounded Knee




Lakota Indians Massive Oil Coupe Land Grab
Lakota group secedes from U.S. Massive Oil Deposit Could Make Them very Rich


America is sitting on top of a super massive 200 billion barrel Oil Field that could potentially make America Energy Independent and until now has largely gone unnoticed. Thanks to new technology the Bakken Formation in North Dakota could boost America’s Oil reserves by an incredible 10 times, giving western economies the trump card against OPEC’s short squeeze on oil supply and making Iranian and Venezuelan threats of disrupted supply irrelevant.

In the next 30 days the USGS (U.S. Geological Survey) will release a new report giving an accurate resource assessment of the Bakken Oil Formation that covers North Dakota and portions of South Dakota and Montana. With new horizontal drilling technology it is believed that from 175 to 500 billion barrels of recoverable oil are held in this 200,000 square mile reserve that was initially discovered in 1951. The USGS did an initial study back in 1999 that estimated 400 billion recoverable barrels were present but with prices bottoming out at $10 a barrel back then the report was dismissed because of the higher cost of horizontal drilling techniques that would be needed, estimated at $20-$40 a barrel.

It was not until 2007, when EOG Resources of Texas started a frenzy when they drilled a single well in Parshal N.D. that is expected to yield 700,000 barrels of oil that real excitement and money started to flow in North Dakota. Marathon Oil is investing $1.5 billion and drilling 300 new wells in what is expected to be one of the greatest booms in Oil discovery since Oil was discovered in Saudi Arabia in 1938.

The US imported about 14 million barrels of Oil per day in 2007 , which means US consumers sent about $340 Billion Dollars over seas building palaces in Dubai and propping up unfriendly regimes around the World, if 200 billion barrels of oil at $90 a barrel are recovered in the high plains the added wealth to the US economy would be $18 Trillion Dollars which would go a long way in stabilizing the US trade deficit and could cut the cost of oil in half in the long run.

Lakota group secedes from U.S.
By Bill Harlan, Journal staff

Political activist Russell Means, a founder of the American Indian Movement, says he and other members of Lakota tribes have renounced treaties and are withdrawing from the United States.

"We are now a free country and independent of the United States of America," Means said in a telephone interview. "This is all completely legal."

Means said a Lakota delegation on Monday delivered a statement of "unilateral withdrawal" from the United States to the U.S. State Department in Washington.

The State Department did not respond. "That'll take some time," Means said.

Meanwhile, the delegation has delivered copies of the letter to the embassies of Bolivia, Venezuela, Chile and South Africa. "We're asking for recognition," Means said, adding that Ireland and East Timor are "very interested" in the declaration.

Other countries will get copies of the same declaration, which Means said also would be delivered to the United Nations and to state and county governments covered by treaties, including treaties signed in 1851 and 1868. "We're willing to negotiate with any American political entity," Means said.

The United States could face international pressure if it doesn't agree to negotiate, Means said. "The United State of America is an outlaw nation, we now know. We've understood that as a people for 155 years."

Means also said his group would file liens on property in parts of South Dakota, Nebraska, North Dakota, Montana and Wyoming that were illegally homesteaded.

The Web site for the declaration, "Lakota Freedom," briefly crashed Thursday as wire services picked up the story and the server was overwhelmed, Means said.

Delegation member Phyllis Young said in an online statement: "We are not trying to embarrass the United States. We are here to continue the struggle for our children and grandchildren." Young was an organizer of Women of All Red Nations.

Other members of the delegation include Rapid City-area activist Duane Martin Sr. and Gary Rowland, a leader of the Chief Big Foot Riders.
Means said anyone could live in the Lakota Nation, tax free, as long as they renounced their U.S. citizenship. The nation would issue drivers licenses and passports, but each community would be independent. "It will be the epitome of individual liberty, with community control," Means said.

To make his case, Means cited several articles of the U.S. Constitution, the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties and a recent nonbinding U.N. resolution on the rights of indigenous people.

He thinks there will be international pressure. "If the U.S. violates the law, the whole world will know it," Means said.
Means' group is based in Porcupine on Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.

It is not an agency or branch of the Oglala Sioux Tribe. Means ran unsuccessfully for president of the tribe in 2006.

Lakota tribes have long claimed that the U.S. government stole land guaranteed by treaties -- especially in western South Dakota. "The Missouri River is ours, and so are the Black Hills," Means said.

A U.S. Supreme Court decision in 1980 awarded the tribes $122 million as compensation, but the court did not award land. The Lakota have refused the settlement. (As interest accrues, the unclaimed award is approaching $1 billion.)

In the late 1980s, then-Sen. Bill Bradley of New Jersey introduced legislation to return federal land to the tribes, and California millionaire Phil Stevens also tried to win support for a proposal to return the Black Hills to the Lakota.

Contact Bill Harlan at 394-8424 or


Immediate Release: 19 December 2007

Media Contacts:
Naomi Archer, Communications Liaison (828) 230-1404 lakotafree [at]

Freedom! Lakota Sioux Indians Declare Sovereign Nation Status

Threaten Land Liens, Contested Real Estate Over Five State Area in U.S. West

Lakota Satisfies Treaty Council Mandate of 33 Years, Drafted by 97 Indigenous Nations

Dakota Territory Reverts back to Lakota Control According to U.S., International Law

Washington D.C. – Lakota Sioux Indian representatives declared sovereign nation status today in Washington D.C. following Monday's withdrawal from all previously signed treaties with the United States Government. The withdrawal, hand delivered to Daniel Turner, Deputy Director of Public Liaison at the State Department, immediately and irrevocably ends all agreements between the Lakota Sioux Nation of Indians and the United States Government outlined in the 1851 and 1868 Treaties at Fort Laramie Wyoming.

"This is an historic day for our Lakota people," declared Russell Means, Itacan of Lakota. "United States colonial rule is at its end!"

"Today is a historic day and our forefathers speak through us. Our Forefathers made the treaties in good faith with the sacred Canupa [See below] and with the knowledge of the Great Spirit," shared Garry Rowland from Wounded Knee. "They never honored the treaties, that's the reason we are here today."

The four member Lakota delegation traveled to Washington D.C. culminating years of internal discussion among treaty representatives of the various Lakota communities. Delegation members included well known activist and actor Russell Means, Women of All Red Nations (WARN) founder Phyllis Young, Oglala Lakota Strong Heart Society leader Duane Martin Sr., and Garry Rowland, Leader Chief Big Foot Riders. Means, Rowland, Martin Sr. were all members of the 1973 Wounded Knee takeover.

"In order to stop the continuous taking of our resources – people, land, water and children- we have no choice but to claim our own destiny," said Phyllis Young, a former Indigenous representative to the United Nations and representative from Standing Rock.

Property ownership in the five state area of Lakota now takes center stage. Parts of North and South Dakota, Nebraska, Wyoming and Montana have been illegally homesteaded for years despite knowledge of Lakota as predecessor sovereign [historic owner]. Lakota representatives say if the United States does not enter into immediate diplomatic negotiations, liens will be filed on real estate transactions in the five state region, clouding title over literally thousands of square miles of land and property.

Young added, "The actions of Lakota are not intended to embarrass the United States but to simply save the lives of our people".

Following Monday's withdrawal at the State Department, the four Lakota Itacan representatives have been meeting with foreign embassy officials in order to hasten their official return to the Family of Nations.

Lakota's efforts are gaining traction as Bolivia, home to Indigenous President Evo Morales, shared they are "very, very interested in the Lakota case" while Venezuela received the Lakota delegation with "respect and solidarity."

"Our meetings have been fruitful and we hope to work with these countries for better relations," explained Garry Rowland. "As a nation, we have equal status within the national community."

Education, energy and justice now take top priority in emerging Lakota. "Cultural immersion education is crucial as a next step to protect our language, culture and sovereignty," said Means. "Energy independence using solar, wind, geothermal, and sugar beets enables Lakota to protect our freedom and provide electricity and heating to our people."

The Lakota reservations are among the most impoverished areas in North America, a shameful legacy of broken treaties and apartheid policies. Lakota has the highest death rate in the United States and Lakota men have the lowest life expectancy of any nation on earth, excluding AIDS, at approximately 44 years. Lakota infant mortality rate is five times the United States average and teen suicide rates 150% more than national average . 97% of Lakota people live below the poverty line and unemployment hovers near 85%.

"After 150 years of colonial enforcement, when you back people into a corner there is only one alternative," emphasized Duane Martin Sr. "The only alternative is to bring freedom into its existence by taking it back to the love of freedom, to our lifeway."

We are the freedom loving Lakota from the Sioux Indian reservations of Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana who have suffered from cultural and physical genocide in the colonial apartheid system we have been forced to live under. We are in Washington DC to withdraw from the constitutionally mandated treaties to become a free and independent country. We are alerting the Family of Nations we have now reassumed our freedom and independence with the backing of Natural, International, and United States law. For more information, please visit our new website at


  • Media Release 12/19/07: Sovereignty Declared, 33 Year Treaty Council Agreement Satisfied, Liens Threatened

    Today is a historic day and our forefathers speak through us. Our Forefathers made the treaties in good faith with the sacred Canupa and with the knowledge of the Great Spirit, They never honored the treaties, that is the reason we are here today...
    Garry Rowland, Wounded Knee
    • Lakota to reveal land boundaries on eve of Wounded Knee anniversary. Check back for updates!
    • Lakota Sioux Indian representatives declared sovereign nation status Wednesday in Washington D.C. following Monday’s withdrawal from all previously signed treaties with the United States Government MORE...
    • Justified? Withdrawal originates from standing mandate carefully thought out by traditional chiefs and thousands of representatives at Treaty Councils SEE THE TREATY COUNCIL DOCUMENT...
    • Lakota delivers introductory Portfolio Packet to State Department and foreign embassies READ THE PACKET...
    • Press Conference Photos...SEE THE GALLERY...

    Lakota Declaration of Continuing Independence
    News and Politics


    A long time ago my father told me what his father told him. There was once a Lakota Holy man called Drinks Water, who visioned what was to be; and this was long before the coming of the Wasicus.  He visioned that the four-legged were going back into the earth and that a strange race had woven a spider's web all around the Lakotas. And he said, "When this happens, you shall live in barren lands, and there beside those gray houses you shall starve." They say he went back to Mother Earth soon after he saw this vision and it was sorrow that killed him.

    Black Elk, Oglala Sioux Holy Man


    The United States of America has continually violated the independent Native
    Peoples of this continent by Executive action, Legislative fiat and Judicial decision. By
    its actions, the U.S. has denied all Native people their International Treaty rights, Treaty lands and basic human rights of freedom and sovereignty. This same U.S. Government, which fought to throw off the yoke of oppression and gain its own independence, has now reversed its role and become the oppressor of sovereign Native people.

    Might does not make right. Sovereign people of varying cultures have the absolute right to live in harmony with Mother Earth so long as they do not infringe upon this same right of other peoples. The denial of this right to any sovereign people, such as the Native American Indian Nations, must be challenged by truth and action. World concern must focus on all colonial governments to the end that sovereign people everywhere shall live as they choose; in peace with dignity and freedom.

    The International Indian Treaty Conference hereby adopts this Declaration of
    Continuing Independence of the Sovereign Native American Indian Nations. In the
    course of these human events, we call upon the people of the world to support this struggle for our sovereign rights and our treaty rights. We pledge our assistance to all other sovereign people who seek their own independence.


    The First International Treaty Council of the Western Hemisphere was formed on
    the land of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe on June 8-16, 1974. The delegates, meeting under the guidance of the Great Spirit, represented 97 Indian tribes and Nations from across North and South America.

    We, the sovereign Native Peoples recognize that all lands belonging to the various
    Native Nations now situated within the boundaries of the U.S. are clearly defined by the sacred treaties solemnly entered into between the Native Nations and the government of the United States of America.

    We, the sovereign Native Peoples, charge the United States of gross violations of
    our International Treaties. Two of the thousands of violations that can be cited are the "wrongfully taking" of the Black Hills from the Great Sioux Nation in 1877, this sacred land belonging to the Great Sioux Nation under the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868. The second violation was the forced march of the Cherokee people from their ancestral lands in the state of Georgia to the then "Indian Territory" of Oklahoma after the Supreme Court of the United States ruled the Cherokee treaty rights inviolate. The treaty violation, know as the "Trail of Tears," brought death to two-thirds of the Cherokee Nation during the forced march.

    The Council further realizes that securing United States recognition of treaties
    signed with Native Nations requires a committed and unified struggle, using every
    available legal and political resource. Treaties between sovereign nations explicitly entail agreements with represent "the supreme law of the land" binding each party to an inviolate international relationship.

    We acknowledge the historical fact that the struggle for Independence of the
    Peoples of our sacred Mother Earth have always been over sovereignty of land. These historical freedom efforts have always involved the highest human sacrifice.

    We recognize that all Native Nations wish to avoid violence, but we also recognize that the United States government has always used force and violence to deny Native Nations basic human and treaty rights.

    We adopt this Declaration of Continuing Independence, recognizing that struggle
    lies ahead – a struggle certain to be won – and that the human and treaty rights of all Native Nations will be honored. In this understanding the International Indian Treaty Council declares:

    The United State Government in its Constitution, Article VI, recognizes treaties as part of the Supreme Law of the United States. We will peacefully pursue all legal and political avenues to demand United States recognition of its own Constitution in this regard, and thus to honor its own treaties with Native Nations.

    We will seek the support of all world communities in the struggle for the continuing independence of Native Nations.

    We the representatives of sovereign Native Nations united in forming a council to
    be known at the International Indian Treaty Council to implement these declarations.

    The International Indian Treaty Council will establish offices in Washington, D.C. and New York City to approach the international forces necessary to obtain the recognition of our treaties. These offices will establish an initial system of
    communications among Native nations to disseminate information, getting a general
    consensus of concerning issues, developments and any legislative attempt affecting
    Native Nations by the United States of America.

    The International Indian Treaty Council recognizes the sovereignty of all Native
    Nations and will stand in unity to support our Native and international brothers and sisters in their respective and collective struggles concerning international treaties and agreements violated by the United States and other governments.

    All treaties between the Sovereign Native Nations and the United States
    Government must be interpreted according to the traditional and spiritual ways of the signatory Native Nations.

    We declare our recognition of the Provisional Government of the Independent
    Oglala Nation, established by the Traditional Chiefs and Headmen under the provisions of the 1868 Fort Laramie Treaty with the Great Sioux Nation at Wounded Knee, March 11, 1973.

    We condemn the United States of America for its gross violation of the 1868 Fort Laramie Treaty in militarily surrounding, killing and starving the citizens of the Independent Oglala Nation into exile.

    We demand the United States of America recognize the sovereignty of the Independent Oglala Nation and immediately stop all present and future criminal
    prosecutions of sovereign Native Peoples. We call upon the conscionable nations of the world to join us in charging and prosecuting the United States of America for its genocidal practices against the sovereign Native Nations; most recently illustrated by Wounded Knee 1973 and the continued refusal to sign the United Nations 1948 Treaty on Genocide.

    We reject all executive orders, legislative acts and judicial decisions of the United States related to Native Nations since 1871, when the United States unilaterally suspended treaty- making relations with the Native Nations. This includes, but is not limited to, the Major Crimes Act, the General Allotment Act, the Citizenship Act of 1924, the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, the Indian Claims Commission Act, Public Law 280 and the Termination Act. All treaties made between Native Nations and the United States made prior toe 1871 shall be recognized without further need of interpretation.

    We hereby ally ourselves with the colonized Puerto Rican People in their struggle
    for Independence from the same United States of America.

    We recognize that there is only one color of Mankind in the world who are not
    represented in the United Nations; that is the indigenous Redman of the Western
    Hemisphere. We recognize this lack of representation in the United Nations comes from the genocidal policies of the colonial power of the United States.

    The International Indian Treaty Council established by this conference is directed
    to make the application to the United Nations for recognition and membership of the sovereign Native Nations. We pledge our support to any similar application by an aboriginal people.

    This conference directs the Treaty Council to open negotiations with the government of the United States through its Department of State. We seek these negotiations in order to establish diplomatic relations with the United States. When these diplomatic relations have been established, the first order of business shall be to deal with U.S. violations of treaties with Native Indian Nations, and violations of the rights of those Native Indian Nations who have refused to sign treaties with the United States.

    We, the People of the International Indian Treaty Council, following the guidance
    of our elders through instructions from the Great Spirit, and out of respect for our sacred Mother Earth, all her children, and those yet unborn, offer our lives for our International Treaty Rights

    Comment from the UK:

    Anyone who’s had to lock horns with grim-faced and grimmer humoured US immigration officials when trying to enter the ‘Land of the Free’ may have their passage eased next year, as a pie sized chunk of the US attempts to cede from he Union.

    Continuing the current world fad for knocking up your own country, The Lakota Indians, who signed their peace treaty with the United States over 150 years ago, have apparently had second thoughts about the deal and want out. The Indians, whose lands are splashed out across fives states in the mid-west, have formally renounced the treaty and informed the US State department, as well as a stream of international embassies of their new nationhood.

    The Lakota’s are the famed tribe of Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse, and with the US somewhat busy in Bahgdad, they may not have the firepower to grapple with the ferocious Lakota. The Lakota plan on issuing their own driving licences and passports, meaning visitors can bypass the big bruisers at US immigration to see five of the United States most boring states, Montanta, Nebraska, Wyoming, and both Dakotas.

    The Lakota (the western bands of what we know as the Sioux) has seven sacred rites and ceremonies. In every ceremony and rite the Chanupa (Pipe) is integral, without the pipe no ceremonies could be undertaken. It takes the prayers, and the cries, and the breath of the invisible to the Creator via the smoke. It is a very important Being.

    A Chanupa has it's own life, it's own energies. These come from the piece of stone that chooses to be used for the bowl, the energies of the person who quarried the stone and who crafts the bowl and finally the person who adopts the finished Chanupa and puts their energy and caring into it. This finished Chanupa then is the center of the universe to the person who has been chosen by the pipe to be it's career. Chanupa's have a life of their own, they know what is happening around them and they have a sense of humour with their teachings, because the pipe does teach the holder. It becomes a life-long partnership; the Chanupa and the holder, the holder and the Chanupa.

     There is a heavy responsibility of holding a Chanupa. When you hold one your life is no longer your own, it belongs to the entity which is the Pipe. You must as a holder, every day smoke your pipe for the people, you must never be disrespectful around the pipe, this includes swearing, drinking, speaking in a negative manner, and basically anything else that you would not do in front of your mother.

    Taking drugs is a big no no for a person who uses a Pipe. The pipe can take the holder to the heights and beyond more than any drug can. People in the Native American Church who smoke Peyote can never mix with those who are Pipe holders, and vice versa.

    A Pipe holder is in many instances a Sundancer, a person who goes through a spiritual, torturous experience every year for the People. These sundancers are those who have pledged to allow their bodies to be pushed to the limit to enable the People's prayers to be heard and answered. This is not something that everyone can do. They have to sacrifice much for as long as they are a Sundancer. Some people take on this ordeal for just a four year pledge, others do it for as long as they are able, until they can no longer walk in some cases. All Sundancers must pledge, and keep to their pledge, to smoke their pipe every day, and to lead an impeccable lifestyle, putting the People first. If they cannot keep to their pledge then they cannot dance. All sundancers are pipe holders but not all pipe holders are sundancers.

    The pipe will make you get up at any hour of the day or night to smoke it, it will not allow you to finish what you are doing before you smoke it. It controls you, not you it. That is one of the reasons why it is a great responsibility. Another reason is that YOU and you alone will be taking care to take another person's prayer and blend it into the tobacco, this has to be done correctly or the prayer could be lost. It must be said the right way or the wrong thing could happen to the person who asked you to pray for them. Your wording and your state of mind has to be the best it can be because you are like an angel at that point taking and sending the person's pleas to the highest being there is, the Creator of all, Wakan Tanka.

    A statement was put out last year by Arvol Looking Horse, the keeper of the original White Buffalo Calf Woman Chanupa.

    When a pipe has been treated badly for a long time, and that includes keeping it in a drawer for many years, or having it on the wall on show, it takes on the energies of the abuse or the abuser. It changes it's role and can become a negative force that can be dangerous to the holder. Even people who have been holders for many years cannot handle negative energy pipes, and so they bury them back into the Earth Mother's arms. Those negative energies could encompass a novice so please be careful where you obtain your pipe from so be careful of the source if you are offered a Chanupa pipe and even if you have had a calling to have a Chanupa

    If you would like to learn more about the Pipe and Pipestone the place where the stone to make the pipes comes from.

    Excerpted from; Little Feather Center