Dee Finney's blog
start date July 20, 2011
Today's date: January 14, 2012
TOPIC: HARVEST, DEDICATION, PATTERNS -VOLCANO ERUPTION
FIDEO:? THERE WERE NO BIRDS:
1-14-12 - HARVEST, PATTERNS, DEDICATIONS
#1 - HARVEST - I was in a rather old-fasioned store,
seemingly in a place like Ecuador where the women were shorter of stature than
myself with darker skin.
nside the store, the woman who ran it asked for some fruit to be harvested
from trees that were growing right inside the store and it appeared that
everything had already been harvested, and the woman was angry when she found
out that there was none of that fruit to be had anymore. So she called for
anothoer type of fruit to be harvested that was just coming into harvest and
also grown right inside the store.
I then noticed that there were racks of bananas all along the aisles in the
store where I saw canned goods of various kinds like a regular store would have
but there were lots of small size bananas to be had in abundance.
I particpated personally in helping to scoop up containers of cooked rice
mixed with tomato sauce and placed into a freezer. The cups were ready
made plastic containers with lids. I would estimate each cup to serve two
people for a meal - maybe one serving for a large working man.
#2 ROUNDUP - I was in an outdoor place, which looked similar to
the first place except these were all Caucasiann women, each dressed in loose
colorful one piece dresses that came to just below the knees, but the women were
all barefoot. Each woman was carrying a stick as if to drive small cattle
or other animals such as like goats or sheep, but I didn't actually see the
Again, I was seeing a very long outdoor type place where food was sold, and
again lots of banasa hanging on racks, but in this case the banans were twice to
three times the size of the ones seen in dream #1 and I assume they were grown
in a different place and perhaps shipped in though maybe not. I'm makng
that assumption based on the different size of the fruit I was seeing.
#3 DEDICATION - PATTERN - This dream took place in the evening
and most of the pople I was seeing were men, dressed in blue jeans, heavy cowboy
type boots and work shirts. Each of the people in this scene was holding a
small lit candle and stood in a large group participating in a ceremony of
dedication and planning the pattern of whatever growing season, and harvest was
going to be had in the future.
1-17-12 - DREAM - I was at a house somewhere that had a very large garage and
all the cars were gone for the day. The p;eople were expecting visitors in
the evening and I saw that the garage floor was very dirty. In one large
area, it looked like a volcano had erupted and black stone was oozing down hill
I decided I would wash the garage floor so it looked better and took a long
red hose that didn't have high power of water coming out of it but it did work
to clean the floor.
Just as I finished washing the floor a group of teen age girls came to visit,
and one pretty blonde came up to me and said, "I wish I could take you home with
me." She was full of joy it seemed.
One of the other girls said, "I wonder why she said that?" and I responded,
"Maybe she thinks I'm a good cook."
We all went to the downtown area then wehre all the stores were open to the
street - none had glass windows at the front. A few of the stores had
black curtains over the front and I watched as some people went through the
curtains. One had jewelry in it and one had electronic goods in it and i
both cases the stores themselves were dark inside and very noisy with a lot of
people in them.
Then further down the street were all food stores, and I noticed that most of
them had various sizes of banana for sale, but the lsat one that was te
brightest lit had massive displays of yellow apples and jars and jars of green
pickles. That one was the most attractive to me.
Subj: Intense Vision I was told to send to you
Date: 03/02/2000 8:49:00 AM
I had a really intense vision last night and I was told when it ended that I
had to send it to you..... Don't know if it will connect with anything you
have.. but after it was over I heard a voice say...In the morning you must send
this to Dee. So i got up and tape recorded it really quickly.
So here goes (I'm glad I have the tape cause I forget some of the detail)
I was standing someplace outside and the sky was pretty much clear over me,
not much in the way of clouds.
5 birds flew by overhead in a < formation. They flew very very close to my
head and I had to duck not to be hit by them. When they got close I realized
that they were not REAL birds. They were some kind of machine bird. They were
all different colors.
The first bird who was in the front had a dark forest green body with dark
tan brown wings. the bird to his right.. or my left from where I was looking up
at them, had a dark dark royal blue body with greenish brown wings (like an
olive brown). The bird behind him had a baby blue body and had white wings. But
I didn't know his wings were white when he was in the air, they looked kind of
dark grey in the shadows.
On the other side of the front bird, the second bird had a red body, a blue
tail and white wings. The bird behind him had a green body, with an orange tail
and white wings.
After they swooped over me they flew up into the sky and made a V in the
sky... and I clearly heard the words "The United Nations" This was very very
Then the side birds started to fall down... and the sky started to go black
from the bottom up.... so the birds were falling into the black. The side birds
fell first then the middle ones and the last bird so before they completely fell
into the darkness they were /^\ shaped. like an upside down V.... then as they
fell the black filled up the sky and I was standing in pitch black darkness so
that I couldn't even see my hand in front of my face.
Suddenly I found myself standing in a scene from my 4th book from the
"Possessor of the seed" series. (the fantasy stuff I wrote)....
I'm in the place of the character the young "Rovear" _ I'm standing in a
pitch black room... at least Rovear had a candle in the book....the room was in
the abandoned Coray mansion. And Like he does, I've picked up something and it's
a bone... Suddenly, I start to hear screaming and pounding.. BANG BANG BANG..
until the banging gets so loud I snap out of the vision and I'm sitting on my
bed. I hear the words...."Tell them it's all true. Whether they like it or not,
it's all true"
Then I was overcome with a strong feeling I have to tell you about this.
Hope it makes sense to you.
The Vastness of the hall seemed like an eternity when lit only by the candle
in his hand. There was a feeling in the hall. It was something that Rov didn't
like. It was as if something, some sound from the past was still echoing off the
great walls. He could just about hear it, just about sense it. He paused and
tried harder to focus, but it wasn't coming to him. After a short moment he
continued his walk.
A piece of debris crunched under his foot. He reached down to pick it up. It
was smooth and hard on one side, turning into crumbled shards where he'd stepped
on it. Rov held his candle close to it. His eyes peered in the flickering light
to see it better. It was a bone. It could be from an animal, he reasoned. His
thought were once again interrupted by the distance echoing sound. This time the
sound was clear and loud.
Rov turned quickly, bone and candle in hand. Behind him the darkness began to
take form. As he watched, the darkness faded into a strange pale light and he
saw women. Many blonde women. They were hanging from ropes that were tied to the
rafters of the ceiling, their arms wrapped behind their backs and tied to each
other. Most struggled and screamed, some hung as lifeless links in the hideous
chain. Rov could feel the pain as arms pulled from their sockets and muscles
sheared away from their bones. The screaming that echoed through the room got
louder. Rov was suddenly aware that it filled his whole mind so completely that
he could not even hear his own thoughts. He tossed the bone to the floor. The
vision stopped. He was once again standing alone in the darkness.
Book excerpt copyrighted by Michelle LaVigne
Michelle and I both felt that the bird's colors referred to flag
colors, and most likely the member nations of the United Nations since that
seemed to be what the vision was about.
Thus I set out to find out which nations used the specific
colors of her dream in their flags.
During the search on the internet, I came up with other
information of course, beginning the the reason for the development of the
|The name "United Nations" was devised by United States President
Franklin D. Roosevelt and was first used in the "Declaration by United
Nations" of 1 January 1942, during the Second World War, when
representatives of 26 nations pledged their Governments to continue
fighting together against the Axis Powers.
The United Nations Charter was drawn up by the representatives of 50
countries at the United Nations Conference on International
Organization, which met at San Francisco from 25 April to 26 June 1945.
Those delegates deliberated on the basis of proposals worked out by the
representatives of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the
United States at Dumbarton Oaks in August-October 1944. The Charter was
signed on 26 June 1945 by the representatives of the 50 countries.
Poland, which was not represented at the Conference, signed it later and
became one of the original 51 Member States.
The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945,
when the Charter had been ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union,
the United Kingdom, the United States and by a majority of other
signatories. United Nations Day is celebrated on 24 October each year.
HERE IS A BEAITIFUL, HEALTHFUL "LIGHT WATER" SACRED PLACE IN ECUADOR
#6) The INCREASING FREQUENCY OF FOOD SHORTAGES and CROP FAILURES!
Notice the spike in food prices? That's just the beginning: Food prices
will continue to skyrocket in the years ahead due to extreme weather,
the loss of pollinators and the global contamination of crops by GMOs.
Real food is becoming increasingly scarce in our world. You might want
to think about starting a home garden....
#7) The RUNAWAY DESTRUCTION OF THE WORLD BY ENERGY COMPANIES!
The radioactive fallout from Fukushima isn't the only way in which
energy companies are destroying our world: Don't forget about the
Deepwater Horizon and the massive oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico -- a
spill that isn't over, by the way. They're still spraying Corexit in the
Gulf one year later!
4-26-12 - THERE WAS A REPORT ON BILL DEAGLE'S SHOW BY ANN MORRISON TODAY THAT
SHRIMP BEING CAUGHT IN THE GULF OF MEXICO ARE VERY PALE, AND ARE ALL BLIND.
BILL DEAGLE SAYS THAT ANYONE WHO EATS THESE SHRIMP OR HAS A PREGNANCY THAT COMES
TO TERM COULD POSSIBLY HAVE A BLIND INFANT AS WELL FROM THE COREXIT
#8) The CONTINUED GMO CONTAMNATION OF OUR PLANET!
This may be the worst chapter in the coming collapse: The widespread
genetic pollution of our planet through GMOs. This is a crime against
nature and against humanity. It is a "gene spill" that may never be
contained as it spreads its deadly DNA across the world's food crops,
leading to crop failures and starvation
The use of GMOs is the closest thing to "Satanic" that you'll find in
modern agriculture. The agenda behind this is pure evil.
#9) The TYRANNY and CRIMINAL CRACKDOWNS TARGETING REAL FOOD (RAW MILK):
When you can't even sell honest farm food to your neighbors without
being targeted and arrested by the cops, something is terribly wrong
with the world. But this is happening today, all across America. Now the
feds are even targeting the Amish!
#10) The ESCALATION OF THE COUTERFEITING OF THE MONEY SUPPLY!
In a failed economic system approaching collapse, the moronic leaders
can only think of "solutions" that actually accelerate their own
downfall. The runaway counterfeiting of money by the Federal Reserve
(with its "quantitative easing" and other counterfeit methods) is a
classic sign that the end of our current system is fast approaching. The
economic insanities are obvious to anyone who can still do math.
#11) The PLUMMETING INTELLIGENCE OF THE MASSES!
One of the most disturbing signs that we're already in the collapse is
the great dumbing-down of the masses. The drooling, CNN-watching
television ZOMBIES who dominate our landscape offer absolutely nothing
of value to the world.
They are the "mindless consumers" who get vaccinated, watch television
and eat processed, pasteurized junk food. They're on psychiatric meds
and believe everything the government tells them. Most of these people,
of course, won't make it through the collapse.
#12) The COMPLETE and UTTER FABRICATION OF THE MAINSTREAM NEWS!
Much of the mainstream news is now utterly and completely fabricated
these days: The reporting on Obama's long-form birth certificate; the
news about the war in Libya; the coverage of the economy and the U.S.
debt ... it's all so utterly FALSE and UNbelievable that an intelligent
person watching the news can't help but explode with laughter.
It is a sign of this collapse that the information sources relied upon
by the masses are unable to report the truth anymore and must resort to
weaving politically expedient fictions on everything from health care
and medicine to the fate of the U.S. dollar itself.
#13) The ONGOING PHARMACEUTICAL POLLUTION OF OUR WORLD!
Beyond the GMO contamination and the radiation contamination of our
world, we are also experiencing the mass pharmaceutical contamination of
our planet. It's not just the pharma factories that dump their products
into the rivers
it's also the fact that well over half the population is now taking
drugs almost daily, and those drugs pass right through their bodies and
end up in the water supply where they contaminate the fish
Even beyond that, the drugs end up in the human sewage sludge that's
packaged and sold as "organic soil!"
#14) The RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINATION OF THE GLOBAL FOOD SUPPLY!
Here's one that's really insidious: The global food supply is now
contaminated with the radioactive fallout from Fukushima. We're told the
levels are "low," but we're not told the truth of how radioactive cesium
isotopes persist in the food supply for centuries.
How is the human race going to survive its exposure to CT scans,
radioactive food, chest X-rays, TSA body scanners and even the secret
DHS mobile X-ray vans that can penetrate your body with X-rays as you're
walking into a football stadium? The total radiation burden on the human
race is now reaching a point of mass infertility. That may be the whole
IT's ACCELERATING, TOO
December, 2012 may be a useful date as some sort of mid-point in the
crisis, or perhaps as a trigger date for some further acceleration of
society's rapid unraveling. But make no mistake: We are already living
in the collapse of our modern world. And you have a front-row seat!
Think about what's happening around you these days. These are the signs
of the last, desperate clutches of a civilization built on utterly
unsustainable practices that don't value life on our world. These are
the End Times of the corporate oligarchy; the monopolistic for-profit
corporation machine that destroyed everything in our world in exchange
for a slightly higher quarterly earnings report.
In the quest for more money, humanity has sacrificed its food supply,
its pollinators, it's oceans, forests and soils. Greed-driven humans
have used other humans as medical experiments and cannon fodder. We have
created wars to sell more bombs, and we've invented disease to sell
These are the practices of a failed civilization ... and one whose days
are numbered. Watching it all crumble is far more interesting than
watching it continue its destructive ways, of course, because those of
us paying attention realize a future civilization must rise up in the
place of this one after the collapse.
SAY "GOODBYE!" TO THE FALSE POWER OF INSTITUTIONS
It would be nice if our future leaders remembered the importance of
liberty and personal responsibility, of course. The answer to all the
world's problems, it turns out, is freedom -- freedom in medicine,
freedom in economics and freedom from government tyranny.
BECAUSE LET's FACE IT: The root cause of most these problems that are
bringing down our world right now is bad government. It is bad
government (Big Government) that approved the GMOs. Bad government
enforced the medical monopoly and allowed the pesticides to kill the
Bad government drove us into inescapable debt and costly foreign wars.
Bad government outlawed health freedom and protected the monopolistic
practices of the food companies, drug companies and chemical companies.
The downfall of modern human civilization is, as you probably guessed,
also the downfall of the very idea that Big Government creates a better
society. Because if there's one idea that needs to stay dead after the
collapse, it's the idea that 'We the People' somehow need another group
of people (government workers) to live off our hard work while hounding
us with their false authority, directing every little detail of our
What we need in our world isn't more government, but more freedom. If we
had freedom, integrity and personal responsibility, we wouldn't even be
facing the global collapse that has already begun. But alas, the human
race is an infant species and it must learn some lessons the hard way,
THIS LESSON SHOULD BE LONG REMEMBERED:
If you let the corporations, the banks and the governments run your
economies, your farms and your lives, they will enslave you and steal
your future while you sleep; they will inject silent poisons into the
very world around you until you awaken one day to find that all you
created has been destroyed.
They will promise you paradise but deliver only death. Beware of any
entity that is not a living person -- NO government, no institution, no
corporation has a soul, nor a heart, nor a conscience. They are forces
of organized destruction that decimate those things we hold dear while
delivering to us things that will only enslave us or harm us.
BEWARE THE CORPORATION:
The government; the non-profit institution working as a front group for
private industry. Never allow yourself to be ruled over by any
institution which exists only as a fictional construct organized from
the projection of human greed.
And be ready for the acceleration of the collapse. Because if you are
reading this, you are the future of the human race. You have a duty to
stay alive, keep your genes intact, and be around to help create the
Next Society after this one crumbles into history.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR: MIKE ADAMS is a consumer health advocate and
award-winning journalist with a strong interest in personal health, the
environment and the power of nature to help us all heal.
He is a prolific writer and has published thousands of articles,
interviews, reports and consumer guides, reaching millions of readers
with information that is saving lives and improving personal health
around the world. Adams is a trusted, independent journalist who
receives no money or promotional fees whatsoever to write about other
Copyright © 2012 / Natural News.com
whats with the different size bananas?
Banana is the
herbaceous plants of the
and for the fruit
they produce. Bananas come in a variety of sizes and
colors when ripe,
including yellow, purple, and red.
Almost all modern edible
parthenocarpic bananas come from the two wild species –
Musa acuminata and
Musa balbisiana. The
scientific names of bananas are Musa acuminata, Musa
balbisiana or hybrids Musa acuminata × balbisiana,
depending on their genomic constitution. The old scientific names Musa
sapientum and Musa paradisiaca are no longer used.
Banana is also used to describe
Fe'i bananas, neither of which belong to the aforementioned species. Enset
bananas belong to the genus Ensete while the
cultivars is uncertain.
popular culture and
"banana" usually refers to soft, sweet "dessert" bananas. By contrast,
Musa cultivars with firmer, starchier fruit are called
or "cooking bananas". The distinction is purely arbitrary and the terms
'plantain' and 'banana' are sometimes interchangeable depending on their usage.
They are native to tropical
Southeast Asia, and are likely to have been first domesticated in
Papua New Guinea.
Today, they are cultivated throughout the
They are grown in at least 107
primarily for their fruit, and to a lesser extent to make
wine and as
The banana plant is the largest
herbaceous flowering plant.
The plants are normally tall and fairly sturdy and are often mistaken for
trees, but their
main or upright stem is actually a
pseudostem that grows 6 to 7.6 metres (20 to 24.9 ft) tall, growing from a
pseudostem can produce a single bunch of bananas. After fruiting, the pseudostem
dies, but offshoots may develop from the base of the plant. Many varieties of
Leaves are spirally arranged and may grow 2.7 metres (8.9 ft) long and 60 cm
(2.0 ft) wide.
They are easily torn by the wind, resulting in the familiar frond look.
Each pseudostem normally produces a single
inflorescence, also known as the banana heart. (More are sometimes
produced; an exceptional plant in the
Philippines produced five.)
The inflorescence contains many
incorrectly called petals) between rows of flowers. The female flowers (which
can develop into fruit) appear in rows further up the stem from the rows of male
flowers. The ovary is
inferior, meaning that the tiny petals and other flower parts appear at the
tip of the ovary.
The banana fruits develop from the banana heart, in a large hanging cluster,
made up of tiers (called hands), with up to 20 fruit to a tier. The
hanging cluster is known as a bunch, comprising 3–20
tiers, or commercially as a "banana stem", and can weigh from 30–50
kilograms (66–110 lb). In common usage, bunch applies to part of a tier
containing 3–10 adjacent fruits.
Individual banana fruits (commonly known as a banana or 'finger') average 125
grams (0.28 lb), of which approximately 75% is
water and 25% dry
matter. There is a protective outer layer (a
or skin) with numerous long, thin strings (the
bundles), which run lengthwise between the skin and the
portion. The inner part of the common yellow dessert variety splits easily
lengthwise into three sections that correspond to the inner portions of the
The fruit has been described as a "leathery berry".
In cultivated varieties, the seeds are diminished nearly to non-existence; their
remnants are tiny black specks in the interior of the fruit.
Bananas are naturally slightly
more so than most other fruits, because of their high potassium content, and the
small amounts of the isotope
potassium-40 found in naturally occurring potassium.
Proponents of nuclear power sometimes refer to the
banana equivalent dose of radiation to support their arguments.
The genus Musa is in the family
APG II system, of 2003 (unchanged from 1998), assigns
Zingiberales in the clade
commelinids in the
monocotyledonous flowering plants. Some sources assert that the banana's
is named for Antonio Musa, physician to the Emperor
Others say that
Linnaeus, who named the genus in
Arabic word for banana,
mauz. The word banana itself might have come from the Arabic
banan, which means "finger",
or perhaps from
The genus contains many species; several produce edible fruit, while others are
cultivated as ornamentals.
Banana classification has long been a problematic issue for taxonomists due
to the way Linnaeus originally classified bananas as two species based only on
their methods of consumption, Musa sapientum for dessert bananas and
Musa paradisiaca for
However, this simplistic classification has proved to be inadequate to address
the sheer number of
(many of them
synonymous) existing in its primary center of diversity,
Ernest Cheesman first discovered that Musa sapientum and Musa
paradisiaca, described by Linnaeus, were actually
and descendants of two wild and seedy species,
Musa acuminata and
Musa balbisiana, both first described by
Luigi Aloysius Colla.
He recommended their abolition in favor of reclassifying bananas according to
three morphologically distinct cultivars – those primarily exhibiting the
botanical characteristics of Musa balbisiana, those primarily exhibiting
the botanical characteristics of Musa acuminata, and those with
characteristics that are the combination of the two.
Researchers Norman Simmonds and Ken Shepherd proposed the genome-based
nomenclature system in 1955. This system eliminated almost all the difficulties
and inconsistencies of the nomenclature system of bananas based on Musa
sapientum and Musa paradisiaca. Despite this, Musa paradisiaca
is still recognized by some authorities today, leading to confusion.
Generally, modern classifications of banana cultivars follow Simmonds' and
Shepherd's system. The
accepted names for bananas are Musa acuminata, Musa
balbisiana or Musa acuminata × balbisiana, depending on
their genetic ancestry
- Musa × sapientum L.
- Musa paradisiaca L.
- Musa × paradisiaca L.
- Musa paradisiaca L. subsp. Musa sapientum
J. G. Baker
- Musa rosacea N. J. von Jacquin
- Musa violacea J. G. Baker
- Musa cliffortiana L.
- Musa dacca P. F. Horaninow
- Musa rosacea N. J. von Jacquin
- Musa × paradisiaca L. subsp. sapientum
(L.) C. E. O. Kuntze
- Musa × paradisiaca var. dacca (P. F. Horaninow) J.
G. Baker ex K. M. Schumann
For the banana cultivar previously referred to as Musa sapientum, see
For bananas and plantains previously referred to as Musa paradisiaca, see
For a list of the cultivars classified under the new system see
Banana cultivar groups.
Comparison between the two wild banana ancestors in the Simmonds
and Shepherd table (1955)
||Black or grey-brown spots
||Unmarked or slightly marked
||Erect edge, with scarred inferior leaves, not against the pseudostem
||Closed edge, without leaves, against the pseudostem
||Covered with fine hair
||Two regular rows in the locule
||Four irregular rows in the locule
|Elbow of the bract
||Tall (< 0.28)
||Short (> 0.30)
|Bend of the
||The bract wraps behind the opening
||The bract raises without bending behind the opening
|Form of the bract
||Lance- or egg-shaped, tapering markedly after the bend
|Peak of the bract
|Color of the bract
||Dark red or yellow on the outside, opaque purple or yellow on the
||Brown-purple on the outside, crimson on the inside
||The inside of the bract is more bright toward the base
||The inside of the bract is uniform
|Scarification of the bract
tepal of the male flower
||Corrugated under the point
|Color of the male flower
||White or cream
|Color of the markings
||Orange or bright yellow
||Cream, yellow, or pale pink
Southeast Asian farmers first
domesticated bananas. Recent
archaeological and palaeoenvironmental evidence at
Western Highlands Province of
Papua New Guinea suggests that banana cultivation there goes back to at
BCE, and possibly to 8000 BCE.
It is likely that other species were later and independently domesticated
elsewhere in southeast Asia. Southeast Asia is the region of
primary diversity of the banana. Areas of secondary diversity are found in
indicating a long history of banana cultivation in the region.
Islamic times (700–1500 CE)
Cameroon dating to the first millennium BCE
triggered an as yet unresolved debate about the date of first cultivation in
Africa. There is linguistic evidence that bananas were known in
around that time.
The earliest prior evidence indicates that cultivation dates to no earlier than
late 6th century CE.
It is likely, however, that bananas were brought at least to
if not to the East African coast during the phase of
Malagasy colonization of the island from South East Asia c. 400 CE.
The Buddhist story
Vessantara Jataka briefly mentions the banana, the king Vessantara has found
a banana tree (among some other fruit trees) in the jungle, that bear bananas
the size of an elephant's tusk.
The banana may have been present in isolated locations of the
East on the eve of
Islam. There is
some textual evidence that the prophet
was familiar with bananas.[citation
spread of Islam was followed by far-reaching diffusion. There are numerous
references to it in Islamic texts (such as poems and
beginning in the 9th century. By the 10th century the banana appears in texts
Egypt. From there it diffused into north Africa and
Iberia. During the medieval ages, bananas from
considered among the best in the Arab world.
In 650, Islamic conquerors brought the banana to Palestine. Today, banana
consumption increases significantly in Islamic countries during
month of daylight fasting.
Bananas were introduced to the
sailors who brought the fruits from
Africa in the 16th century.
The word banana is of West African origin, from the
Wolof language, and passed into English via Spanish or Portuguese.
wild banana species as well as
exist in extraordinary diversity in
China, and the
There are fuzzy
bananas whose skins are bubblegum pink
; green-and-white striped
bananas with pulp the color of orange sherbet; bananas that, when
cooked, taste like strawberries. The Double Mahoi plant can produce two
bunches at once. The Chinese name of the aromatic Go San Heong banana
means 'You can smell it from the next mountain.' The fingers on one
banana plant grow fused; another produces bunches of a thousand fingers,
each only an inch long.
—Mike Peed, The New Yorker
Plantation cultivation in the Caribbean, Central and South America
wild-type bananas have numerous large, hard seeds.
In the 15th and 16th century, Portuguese colonists started banana plantations
in the Atlantic Islands,
North Americans began consuming bananas on a small scale at very high prices
shortly after the Civil War, though it was only in the 1880s that it became more
As late as the
Victorian Era, bananas were not widely known in Europe, although they were
Verne introduces bananas to his readers with detailed descriptions in
Around the World in Eighty Days (1872).
The earliest modern plantations originated in Jamaica and the related
Western Caribbean Zone, including most of
Central America. It involved the combination of modern transportation
networks of steamships and railroads with the development of refrigeration that
allowed bananas to have more time between harvesting and ripening. North America
Lorenzo Dow Baker and
Andrew Preston, the founders of the
Boston Fruit Company started this process in the 1870s, but railroad
Minor C Keith also participated, eventually culminating in the
multi-national giant corporations like today's
Chiquita Brands International and
These companies were monopolistic,
vertically integrated (meaning they controlled growing, processing, shipping
and marketing) and usually used political manipulation to build
enclave economies (economies that were internally self sufficient, virtually
tax exempt, and export oriented that contribute very little to the host
economy). Their political maneuvers, which gave rise to the term
Banana republic for states like Honduras and Guatemala, included working
with local elites and their rivalries to influence politics or playing the
international interests of the United States, especially during the
to keep the political climate favorable to their interests.
Peasant cultivation for export in the Caribbean
The vast majority of the world's bananas today are cultivated for family
consumption or for sale on local markets. India is the world leader in this sort
of production, but many other Asian and African countries where climate and soil
conditions allow cultivation also host large populations of banana growers who
sell at least some of their crop.
There are peasant sector banana growers who produce for the world market in
the Caribbean, however. The Windward Islands are notable for the growing,
largely of Cavendish bananas, for an international market, generally in Europe
but also in North America. In the Caribbean, and especially in Dominica where
this sort of cultivation is widespread, holdings are in the 1–2 acre range. In
many cases the farmer earns additional money from other crops, from engaging in
labor outside the farm, and from a share of the earnings of relatives living
overseas. This style of cultivation often was popular in the islands as bananas
required little labor input and brought welcome extra income. Vulnerability to
hurricanes in the northern hemisphere and cyclones in the south destroy crops.
After the signing of the NAFTA agreements in the 1990s, however, the tide turned
against peasant producers. Their costs of production were relatively high and
the ending of favorable tariff and other supports, especially in the European
Economic Community, made it difficult for peasant producers to compete with the
bananas grown on large plantations by the well capitalized firms like Chiquita
and Dole. Not only did the large companies have access to cheap labor in the
areas they worked, but they were better able to afford modern agronomic advances
such as fertilization. The "dollar banana" produced by these concerns made the
profit margins for peasant bananas unsustainable.
Caribbean countries have sought to redress this problem by providing
government supported agronomic services and helping to organize producers'
cooperatives. They have also been supporters of the Fair Trade movement which
seeks to balance the inequities in the world trade in commodities.
All widely cultivated bananas today descend from the two wild bananas Musa
acuminata and Musa balbisiana. While the original wild bananas
contained large seeds,
polyploid cultivars (some being
hybrids) with tiny seeds are preferred for human raw fruit consumption.
These are propagated
asexually from offshoots. The plant is allowed to produce 2 shoots at a
time; a larger one for immediate fruiting and a smaller "sucker" or "follower"
to produce fruit in 6–8 months. The life of a banana plantation is 25 years or
longer, during which time the individual stools or planting sites may move
slightly from their original positions as lateral
Cultivated bananas are
parthenocarpic, which makes them sterile and unable to produce viable
seeds. Lacking seeds, propagation typically involves farmers removing and
transplanting part of the underground stem (called a corm). Usually this is done
by carefully removing a sucker (a vertical shoot that develops from the base of
the banana pseudostem) with some roots intact. However, small
corms, representing not yet elongated suckers, are easier to transplant and can
be left out of the ground for up to 2 weeks; they require minimal care and can
be shipped in bulk.
It is not necessary to include the corm or root structure to propagate
bananas; severed suckers without root material can be propagated in damp
sand, although this
takes somewhat longer.
In some countries, commercial propagation occurs by means of
tissue culture. This method is preferred since it ensures disease-free
planting material. When using vegetative parts such as suckers for propagation,
there is a risk of transmitting diseases (especially the devastating
As a non-seasonal crop, bananas are available fresh year-round.
In global commerce, by far the most important
belong to the triploid
group of Musa acuminata, commonly referred to as Cavendish group
bananas. They account for the majority of banana exports,
despite only coming into existence in 1836.
Dwarf Cavendish and
(Chiquita Banana) gained popularity in the 1950s after the previous
Gros Michel (also an AAA group cultivar
became commercially unviable due to
Panama disease, a fungus which attacks the roots of the banana plant.
Ease of transport and shelf life rather than superior taste make the Dwarf
Cavendish the main export banana.
Even though it is no longer viable for large scale cultivation, Gros Michel
is not extinct and is still grown in areas where Panama disease is not found.[citation
needed] Likewise, Dwarf Cavendish and Grand Nain are in no
danger of extinction, but they may leave supermarket shelves if disease makes it
impossible to supply the global market. It is unclear if any existing cultivar
can replace Cavendish bananas, so various
genetic engineering programs are attempting to create a disease-resistant,
Export bananas are picked green, and ripen in special rooms upon arrival in
the destination country. These rooms are air-tight and filled with
gas to induce ripening. The vivid yellow color normally associated with
supermarket bananas is in fact a side effect of the artificial ripening
Flavor and texture are also affected by ripening temperature. Bananas are
refrigerated to between 13.5 and 15 °C (56 and 59 °F) during transport. At lower
temperatures, ripening permanently stalls, and turns
"Tree-ripened" Cavendish bananas have a greenish-yellow appearance which
changes to a brownish-yellow as they ripen further. Although both flavor and
texture of tree-ripened bananas is generally regarded as superior to any type of
needed] this reduces shelf life to only 7–10 days.
Bananas can be ordered by the retailer "ungassed", and may show up at the
supermarket fully green. "Guineo
Verde", or green bananas that have not been gassed will never fully ripen before
becoming rotten. Instead of fresh eating, these bananas are best suited to
cooking, as seen in Mexican culinary dishes.
A 2008 study reported that ripe bananas
fluoresce when exposed to
ultraviolet light. This property is attributed to the degradation of
chlorophyll leading to the accumulation of a fluorescent product in the skin
of the fruit. The chlorophyll
breakdown product is stabilized by a
group. Banana-plant leaves also fluoresce in the same way. Green bananas do not
fluoresce. The study suggested that this allows animals which can see light in
the ultraviolet spectrum (tetrachromats
pentachromats) to more easily detect ripened
Storage and transport
Bananas must be transported over long distances from the tropics to world
markets. To obtain maximum shelf life, harvest comes before the fruit is mature.
The fruit requires careful handling, rapid transport to ports, cooling, and
refrigerated shipping. The goal is to prevent the bananas from producing their
natural ripening agent, ethylene. This technology allows storage and transport
for 3–4 weeks at 13 °C
(55 °F). On arrival, bananas are held
at about 17 °C
(63 °F) and treated with a low
concentration of ethylene. After a few days, the fruit begins to ripen and is
distributed for final sale. Unripe bananas can not be held in home refrigerators
because they suffer from the cold.[citation
needed] Ripe bananas can be held for a few days at home. If
bananas are too green, they can be put in a brown paper bag with an apple or
tomato overnight to speed up the ripening process.
They can be stored indefinitely frozen, then eaten like an
ice pop or
cooked as a banana mush.
Carbon dioxide (which bananas produce) and ethylene absorbents extend fruit
life even at high temperatures. This effect can be exploited by packing banana
polyethylene bag and including an ethylene absorbent, e.g.,
potassium permanganate, on an inert carrier. The bag is then sealed with a
band or string. This treatment has been shown to more than double lifespans up
to 3–4 weeks without the need for refrigeration.
TIF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN MARKETING, TRADE,PHOTOS, OR MAPS GO HERE;
IMAGES OF DIFFERENT TYP;ES OF YELLOW APPLES
There are 37 calories in
A Yellow Apple
A RED APPLE HAS 95
MEDIUM BANANA 130 CALORIES
LARGE BANANA 170 CALORIES
SMALL BANANA 114 CALORIES
WHAT ABOUT PICKLES?
A MEDIUM PICKLES HAS ONLY 8 CALORIES
AND THEY KEEP PRACTICALLY FOREVER ONCE IN THE JAR.
7 Reasons Food Shortages
Will Become a Global Crisis
by Nicholas West and Zen Gardner
Food inflation is here
and it's here to stay. We can see it getting worse every time we buy groceries.
Basic food commodities like wheat, corn, soybeans, and rice have been
skyrocketing since July, 2010 to
record highs. These sustained price increases are only expected to continue
as food production shortfalls really begin to take their toll this year and
This summer Russia banned
exports of wheat to ensure their nation's supply, which sparked complaints of
protectionism. The U.S. agriculture community is already talking about
corn over ethanol mandates versus supply concerns. We've seen nothing yet in
terms of food protectionism.
Global food shortages
have forced emergency meetings at the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization
where they claim "urgent action" is needed. They point to extreme weather as the
main contributing factor to the growing food shortages. However,
commodity speculation has also been targeted as one of the culprits.
It seems that the crisis
would also present the perfect opportunity and the justification for the large
GMO food companies to force their products into skeptical markets like in
Europe and Japan,
as recently leaked cables suggest. One thing is for sure; food shortages will
likely continue to get worse and eventually become a full-scale global food
Here are seven reasons
shortages are here to
stay on a worldwide scale:
1. Extreme Weather:
Extreme weather has been a major problem for global food; from summer droughts
and heat waves that devastated Russia’s wheat crop to the ongoing catastrophes
from 'biblical flooding' in Australia and Pakistan. And it doesn’t end there. An
extreme winter cold snap and snow has struck the whole of Europe and the
United States. Staple crops are failing in all of these regions making an
already fragile harvest in 2010 even more critical into 2011. Based on the
recent past, extreme weather conditions are only likely to continue and perhaps
worsen in the coming years.
2. Bee Colony
Guardian reported this week on the
study on bee colony decline in the United States: "The abundance of four
common species of bumblebee in the US has dropped by 96% in just the past few
decades." It is generally understood that bees pollinate around 90% of the
world's commercial crops. Obviously, if these numbers are remotely close to
accurate, then our natural food supply is in serious trouble. Luckily for us,
the GMO giants have seeds that
don't require open
pollination to bear fruit.
3. Collapsing Dollar:
Commodity speculation has resulted in massive food inflation that is already
creating crisis levels in poor regions in the world. Food commodity prices
have soared to record highs mainly because they trade in the ever-weakening
dollar. Traders will point to the circumstances described in this article to
justify their gambles, but also that food represents a tangible investment in an
era of worthless paper. Because the debt problems in the United States are only
getting worse, and nations such as China and Russia are
dropping the dollar as their trade vehicle, the dollar will continue to
weaken, further driving all commodity prices higher.