1-13-99 - DREAM - I was taken to a huge garage type area where certain people were being gathered to be witnesses or sacrificed people to both handle the ...www.greatdreams.com/volcano2.htm
/.Dee Finney's blog
start date July 20, 2011
Today's date December 22, 2011
UPDATED 4 26, 2012
TOPIC: VOLCANOS ON THE WEST COAST OF NORTH AMERICA
This man started having OBE's and visions in 1969. Listen to the full audio here
Ritght click to download or to open in another window.
Hour 3 - Jerry Felix - My Night Out...An OBE
I too have had similar dreams and visions, but I'll get to that soon enough. I started journaling in 1981 and unfortunately lost the first four years of journals when I moved from Washington State to California and if that wasn't bad enough, I couldn't journal for most of the rest of the 80's because my life was in such a turmoil and in 1987 I moved 13 times in one year. Basically that whole 10 years of writing was gone forever. A massive amount of information - just gone!
FOR THIS PAGE, I AM ONLY LISTING THE VOLCANOS ON THE WEST COAST OF AMERIA BECAUSE THOSE ARE THE ONES THE MAN TALKS ABOUT IN HIS OBE.
EVERY PLANET HAS BENGS LIVING ON IT, INCLUDING THE SUN
BASES, INCLUDING MILITARY ARE ON THE MOON AND MARS
A WHOLE STRING OF VOLCANOS ARE BLOWING UP FROM ALASKA ALL THE WAY DOWN THE WEST COAST OF THE CONTINENTS - ON THE RING OF FIRE AND THEY ARE ALL GOING OFF AT THE SAME TIME. THE OCEANS ARE WILD WITH WAVES AND THERE WAS SO MUCH SULPHUR IN THE AIR I COULD EVEN SMELL IT IN THE OBE. THE VOLCANOS BLOWEIRNG UP FOLLOW OA HUGE EXPLSION THAT MAKES THEM ALL BLOW THEIR TOPS AT ONCE.
HERE IS MY HOME STATE:
THE VOLCANOES ARE, LASSEN MT. SHASTA, MEDICINE LAKE, CLEAR LAKE, LONG VALLEY,
ABD COSO, THE ONE FARTHEST SOUTH.
ALSO CHECK THESE:
THIS IS THE MEXICO LIST
MEXICO CITY -- Glowing red rocks were thrown from the top of the active Popocatepetl volcano at dawn Friday, producing more spectacular (and slightly frightening) images from the peak southeast of populous Mexico City. But authorities did not raise the alert level for a potential major eruption.
"Popo" or "Don Goyo," as the volcano is affectionately known, has been shooting plumes of ash, gas and rocks for a week. Residents of the semirural communities near the volcano have reported hearing hours of "low-pitched roaring" emanating from the 17,887-foot Popocatepetl.
President Felipe Calderon said Friday during a meeting with governors of the peak's neighboring states that the government is prepared, in case evacuations become necessary. Authorities said contingency plans are ready if the volcanic activity threatens residents in the states of Mexico, Puebla and Morelos.
"The volcano is in command," said Roberto Quaas, director of Mexico's National Disaster Prevention Center.
The government has not raised its alert level on the volcano since Monday. Yet a week of sustained exhalations has produced worry among some Mexicans who live near "Popo," which is visible from some points of Mexico City on days with relatively low pollution.
An estimated 5 million people would be directly affected by a large-scale eruption, and some 19 million other people live near the volcano.
Popocatepetl, which means "smoking mountain" in the Aztec's language Nahuatl, dominates much of the landscape in central Mexico along with its "twin" volcano, the dormant Iztaccihuatl.
Mexico volcano spews gas, ash; authorities raise alert
Death toll is 2 in Mexico quake; volcano rumor quelled
Now they tell us: Mexico's quake-alert app not quite ready
-- Daniel Hernandez
Photo: Ash and smoke spewed from the Popocatepetl volcano Friday as seen from the Santiago Xalitxintla, in the Mexican central state of Puebla. Credit: Pablo Spencer / AFP / Getty Images
THIS VOLCANIC ACTIVITY MAY BE RELATED TO THE EARTHQUAKES EARLIER THIS MONTH. ACCORDING TO BILL DEAGLE, P[LANS ARE IN PLACE TO EVACUATE MEXICO CITY IF THE WIND COMES FROM THE NORTH AND COVERS THE CITY WITH ASH.
This is a list of active and extinct volcanoes in Mexico.
|Cofre de Perote||4282||14,049||—|
|Las Cumbres||3940||12,926||~3940 BC|
|Durango Volcanic Field||2075||6808||—|
|La Gloria Volcanic Field||3600||11,483||—|
|Jaraguay Volcanic Field||960||3150||Holocene|
|Jocotitlan||3900||12,795||1270 ± 75 years|
|La Malinche (volcano)||4461||14,636||—|
|Mascota Volcanic Field||2540||8399||Holocene|
|Naolinco Volcanic Field||2000||6562||Holocene|
|Nevado de Toluca||4690||15,354||1350 BC|
|Pico de Orizaba||5700||18,701||1687|
|San Borja Volcanic Field||1360||4462||Holocene|
|Isla San Luis||180||591||Holocene|
|San Martin Tuxtla||1650||5413||1796|
|San Quintin Volcanic Field||260||853||Holocene|
|Zitacuaro-Valle de Bravo||3500||11,483||—|
WEST COAST CANADIAN VOLCANOS
The Canadian portion of the Pacific Northwest began forming during the early Jurassic period when a group of active volcanic islands collided against a pre-existing continental margin and coastline of Western Canada. These volcanic islands, known as the Intermontane Islands by geoscientists, were formed on a pre-existing tectonic plate called the Intermontane Plate about 245 million years ago by subduction of the former Insular Plate to its west during the Triassic period. This subduction zone records another subduction zone called the Intermontane Trench under an ancient ocean between the Intermontane Islands and the former continental margin of Western Canada called the Slide Mountain Ocean. This arrangement of two parallel subduction zones is unusual in that very few twin subduction zones exist on Earth; the Philippine Mobile Belt off the eastern coast of Asia is an example of a modern twin subduction zone. As the Intermontane Plate drew closer to the pre-existing continental margin by ongoing subduction under the Slide Mountain Ocean, the Intermontane Islands drew closer to the former continental margin and coastline of Western Canada, supporting a volcanic arc on the former continental margin of Western Canada. As the North American Plate drifted west and the Intermontane Plate continued to drift east to the ancient continental margin of Western Canada, the Slide Mountain Ocean began to close by ongoing subduction under the Slide Mountain Ocean. This subduction zone eventually jammed and shut down completely about 180 million years ago, ending the arc volcanism on the ancient continental margin of Western Canada and the Intermontane Islands collided, forming a long chain of deformed volcanic and sedimentary rock called the Intermontane Belt, which consists of deeply cut valleys, high plateaus, and rolling uplands. This collision also crushed and folded sedimentary and igneous rocks, creating a mountain range called the Kootenay Fold Belt which existed in far eastern British Columbia.
After the sedimentary and igneous rocks were folded and crushed, it resulted in the creation of a new continental shelf and coastline. The Insular Plate continued to subduct under the new continental shelf and coastline about 130 million years ago during the mid Cretaceous period after the formation of the Intermontane Belt, supporting a new continental volcanic arc called the Omineca Arc. Magma rising from the Omineca Arc successfully connected the Intermontane Belt to the mainland of Western Canada, forming a chain of volcanoes in British Columbia that existed discontinuously for about 60 million years. The ocean lying offshore during this period is called the Bridge River Ocean. It was also during this period when another group of active volcanic islands existed along the newly built continental shelf and coastline. These volcanic islands, known as the Insular Islands, were formed on the Insular Plate by subduction of the former Farallon Plate to its west during the early Paleozoic period. As the North American Plate drifted west and the Insular Plate drifted east to the continental margin of Western Canada, the Bridge River Ocean began to close by ongoing subduction under the Bridge River Ocean. This subduction zone eventually jammed and shut down completely 115 million years ago, ending the Omineca Arc volcanism and the Insular Islands collided, forming the Insular Belt. Compression resulting from this collision crushed, fractured and folded rocks along the continental margin. The Insular Belt then welded onto the continental margin by magma that eventually cooled to create a large mass of igneous rock, creating a new continental margin. This large mass of igneous rock is the largest granite outcropping in North America.
The Farallon Plate continued to subduct under the new continental margin of Western Canada after the Insular Plate and Insular Islands collided with the former continental margin, supporting a new chain of volcanoes on the mainland of Western Canada called the Coast Range Arc about 100 million years ago during the Late Cretaceous period. Magma ascending from the Farallon Plate under the new continental margin burned their way upward through the newly accreted Insular Belt, injecting huge quantities of granite into older igneous rocks of the Insular Belt. At the surface, new volcanoes were built along the continental margin. The basement of this arc was likely Early Cretaceous and Late Jurassic age intrusions from the Insular Islands.
One of the major aspects that changed early during the Coast Range Arc was the status of the northern end of the Farallon Plate, a portion now known as the Kula Plate. About 85 million years ago, the Kula Plate broke off from the Farallon Plate to form an area of seafloor spreading called the Kula-Farallon Ridge. This change apparently had some important ramifications for regional geologic evolution. When this change was completed, Coast Range Arc volcanism returned and sections of the arc were uplifted considerably in latest Cretaceous time. This started a period of mountain building that affected much of western North America called the Laramide orogeny. In particular a large area of dextral transpression and southwest-directed thrust faulting was active from 75 to 65 million years ago. Much of the record of this deformation has been overridden by Tertiary age structures and the zone of Cretaceous dextral thrust faulting appears to have been widespread. It was also during this period when massive amounts of molten granite intruded highly deformed ocean rocks and assorted fragments from pre-existing island arcs, largely remnants of the Bridge River Ocean. This molten granite burned the old oceanic sediments into a glittering medium-grade metamorphic rock called schist. The older intrusions of the Coast Range Arc were then deformed under the heat and pressure of later intrusions, turning them into layered metamorphic rock known as gneiss. In some places, mixtures of older intrusive rocks and the original oceanic rocks have been distorted and warped under intense heat, weight and stress to create unusual swirled patters known as migmatite, appearing to have been nearly melted in the procedure.
Volcanism began to decline along the length of the arc about 60 million years ago during the Albian and Aptian faunal stages of the Cretaceous period. This resulted from the changing geometry of the Kula Plate, which progressively developed a more northerly movement along the mainland of Western Canada. Instead of subducting beneath Western Canada, the Kula Plate began subducting underneath southwestern Yukon and Alaska during the early Eocene period. Volcanism along the entire length of the Coast Range Arc shut down about 50 million years ago and many of the volcanoes have disappeared from erosion. What remains of the Coast Range Arc to this day are outcrops of granite when magma intruded and cooled at depth beneath the volcanoes, forming the Coast Mountains. During construction of intrusions 70 and 57 million years ago, the northern motion of the Kula Plate might have been between 140 mm (6 in) and 110 mm (4 in) per year. However, other geologic studies determined the Kula Plate moved at a rate as fast as 200 mm (8 in) per year.
As the last of the Kula Plate decayed and the Farallon Plate advanced back into this area from the south, it once again started to subduct under the continental margin of Western Canada 37 million years ago, supporting a chain of volcanoes called the Cascade Volcanic Arc. At least four volcanic formations along the British Columbia Coast are associated with Cascadia subduction zone volcanism. The oldest is the eroded 18 million year old Pemberton Volcanic Belt which extends west-northwest from south-central British Columbia to the Queen Charlotte Islands in the northeast where it lies 150 kilometres (93 mi) west of mainland British Columbia. In the south it is defined by a group of epizonal intrusions and a few erosional remnants of eruptive rock. Farther north in the large Ha-Iltzuk and Waddington icefields, it includes two large dissected calderas called Silverthrone Caldera and Franklin Glacier Volcano while the Queen Charlotte Islands to the northeast contain a volcanic formation ranging in age from Miocene to Pliocene called the Masset Formation. Although widely separated from each other, all Pemberton Belt rocks are of similar age and have similar magma compositions. Therefore these magmatic rocks are believed to be products of arc volcanism related to subduction of the Farallon Plate. By late Pliocene time the Farallon Plate had been greatly reduced in size and its northern portion ultimately broke off between five and seven million years ago to form a new plate boundary called the Nootka Fault. This rupture created the two small Juan de Fuca and Explorer plates that currently lie off the west coast of Vancouver Island.
The four million year old Garibaldi Volcanic Belt, a north-south trending zone of volcanoes and volcanic rock in the southern Coast Mountains of southwestern British Columbia, can be grouped into at least three enechelon segments, referred to as the northern, central, and southern segments. The northern segment overlaps the older Pemberton Volcanic Belt at a low angle near Mount Meager where Garibaldi Belt lavas rest on uplifted and deeply eroded remnants of Pemberton Belt subvolcanic intrusions and combines to form a single belt. A few isolated volcanoes northwest of Mount Meager, such as Silverthrone Caldera and Franklin Glacier Volcano, are also grouped as part of the Garibaldi Volcanic Belt. However, their tectonic origins are largely unexplained and are a matter of going research. When the Farallon Plate ruptured to create the Nootka Fault between five and seven million years ago, there were some apparent changes along the Cascadia subduction zone. At issue is the current plate configuration and rate of subduction but based on rock composition is for Silverthrone Caldera and Franklin Glacier Volcano to be subduction related. The roughly circular, 20 kilometres (12 mi) wide, deeply dissected Silverthrone Caldera in the northern segment of the Garibaldi Volcanic Belt, was formed one million years ago during the Early Pleistocene period. The bulk of the volcano was erupted 0.4 million years ago, but younger phases, consisting of lava flows and subsidiary volcanoes with compositions of andesite and basaltic andesite are also present. Mount Silverthrone, an eroded lava dome on the northeast edge of Silverthrone Caldera, was episodically active during both Pemberton and Garibaldi stages of volcanism. The eroded Franklin Glacier Volcano just to the southeast consists of dacite and andesite rocks that range in age from 3.9 to 2.2 million years old. Southeast of Franklin Glacier Volcano, the Bridge River Cones comprise remnants of both andesitic and alkali basalt cones and lava flows. These range in age from about one million years old to 0.5 million years old and commonly display ice-contact features related to subglacial eruptions. Mount Meager, the most persistent volcano in the northern portion of the Garibaldi Volcanic Belt, is a complex of at least four overlapping stratovolcanoes made of dacite and rhyodacite that become progressively younger from south to north, ranging in age from two million to 2,490 years old. The central segment of the Garibaldi Volcanic Belt is defined by a group of eight volcanoes on a ridge of highland east of the Squamish River, and by remnants of basaltic lava flows preserved in the adjacent Squamish valley. Mount Cayley, the largest and most persistent volcano, is a deeply eroded stratovolcano comprising a lava dome complex made of dacite and minor rhyodacite ranging in age from 3.8 to 0.31 million years old. Mount Fee, a narrow volcanic plug made of rhyodacite about 1 kilometre (3,300 ft) long and 250 metres (820 ft) wide, rises 150 metres (490 ft) above the highland ridge. Complete denudation of the central spine as well as the absence of till under lava flows from Mount Fee suggest a preglacial age. The other volcanoes of the central Garibaldi Belt, including Ember Ridge, Pali Dome, Cauldron Dome, Slag Hill, Mount Brew and Crucible Dome, were formed during subglacial eruptions to develop tuya-like forms with over-steepened, ice-contact margins. The primary volcanoes in the southern segment are Mount Garibaldi, Mount Price, and Black Tusk. The oldest volcano, Black Tusk, is the remnants of an extinct andesitic stratovolcano that formed during two distant stages of volcanic activity, the first between 1.1 and 1.3 million years ago and the second between 0.17 and 0.21 million years ago. Mount Garibaldi, a fairly dissected stratovolcano 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of Vancouver, was built by Peléan eruptions between 0.26 and 0.22 million years ago during the waning stages of the last glacial, or "Wisconsinian", period. Mount Price, a less significant stratovolcano just north of Mount Garibaldi, formed during three distinct periods of volcanic activity beginning at 1.2 million years ago and culminating with the eruption of Clinker Peak on its western flank 0.3 million years ago. In addition to the large, central andesite-dacite volcanoes, the southern portion of the Garibaldi Volcanic Belt includes remnants of basalt and basaltic andesite lava flows and pyroclastic rocks. These include valley -filling lava flows interbedded with till containing wood about 34,000 years old.
The poorly studied Alert Bay Volcanic Belt extends from Brooks Peninsula on the northwestern coast of Vancouver Island to Port McNeill on the northeastern coast of Vancouver Island. It encompasses several separate remnants of late Neogene volcanic piles and related intrusions ranging in composition from basalt to rhyolite and in age from about eight million years old in the west to about 3.5 million years old elsewhere. Major element analyses of Alert Bay volcanic and hypabyssal rocks suggest two different basalt-andesite-dacite-rhyolite suites with divergent fractionation trends. The first coincides with the typical calc-alkaline, Cascade trend, whereas the other is more alkaline and more Fe-enriched following a trend which straddles the calc-alkaline-tholeiite boundary. The western end of the Alert Bay Volcanic Belt is now about 80 kilometres (50 mi) northeast of the Nootka Fault. However, at the time of its formation the volcanic belt may have been coincident with the subducted plate boundary. Also, the timing of volcanism corresponds to shifts of plate motion and changes in the locus of volcanism along the Pemberton and Garibaldi volcanic belts. This brief interval of plate motion adjustment at about 3.5 million years ago may have triggered the generation of basaltic magma along the descending plate edge. Because the Alert Bay Volcanic Belt has not been active for at least 3.5 million years, volcanism in the Alert Bay Volcanic Belt is probably extinct.
The Chilcotin Group, a 50,000 km2 (19,000 sq mi) large igneous province and volcanic plateau in south-central British Columbia, consists of thin, flat-lying, poorly formed columnar basalt lava flows that have formed as a result of partial melting in a weak zone in the upper part of the Earth's mantle within a back-arc basin related to subduction of the Juan de Fuca Plate. Chilcotin Group volcanism occurred in three distant magmatic episodes, the first 16-14 million years ago, the seconed 10-6 million years ago and the third 3-1 million years ago. Anahim Peak, a volcanic plug near the eastern flank of the Rainbow Range, and other plugs penetrating the Chilcotin Group are suggested to be vents for basalt volcanism. These volcanic plugs form a northwest trend about 150 kilometres (93 mi) inland from the Pemberton and Garibaldi volcanic belts and exist along the axis of the volcanic plateau. Silicic tuff lying between Chilcotin basalt lava flows, likely originated from explosive eruptions related to arc volcanism in the Garibaldi and Pemberton belts just to the west and was preserved between successive basaltic lava eruptions in the Chilcotin back-arc basin. It is suggested by geoscientists the Chilcotin Group forms a sequence of merged low-profile shield volcanoes erupted from central vents.
The Northern Cordilleran Volcanic Province of northwestern British Columbia, also called the Stikine Volcanic Belt, is the most active volcanic region in Canada. It comprises a large number of small cinder cones and associated lava plains, and three large, compositionally diverse volcanoes, known as the Level Mountain Range, the Mount Edziza volcanic complex, and Hoodoo Mountain. In the south the volcanic province is somewhat narrow and crosses diagonally through the northwesterly structural trend of the Coast Mountains. Farther north it is less clearly defined, forming a large arch that swings westward through central Yukon. Volcanoes within the British Columbia portion of the Northern Cordilleran Volcanic Province are disposed along short, northerly trending en-echelon segments which, in the British Columbia portion of the volcanic province, are unmistakably involved with north-trending rift structures including synvolcanic grabens and half-grabens similar to the East African Rift, which extends from the Afar Triple Junction southward across eastern Africa. The Northern Cordilleran rift system formed as a result of the North American continent being stretched by extensional forces as the Pacific Plate slides northward along the Queen Charlotte Fault to the west, on its way to the Aleutian Trench, which extends along the southern coastline of Alaska and the adjacent waters of northeastern Siberia off the coast of Kamchatka Peninsula. As the continental crust stretches, the near-surface rocks fracture along steeply dipping cracks parallel to the rift known as faults. Hot basaltic magma rises along these fractures to create passive lava eruptions. The compositions of lavas in the Northern Cordilleran Volcanic Province are mantle-derived alkali olivine basalt, lesser hawaiite and basanite, which form the large shield volcanoes and small cinder cones throughout the volcanic province. Many of them contain inclusions of lherzolite. The large central volcanoes of the volcanic province consist largely of trachyte, pantellerite, and comendite lavas. These lava compositions were formed by fractionation of primary alkali basalt magma in crustal reservoirs. A region of continental rifting, such as the Northern Cordilleran Volcanic Province, would support the development of high-level reservoirs of sufficient size and thermal capacity to sustain prolonged fractionation.
The Anahim Volcanic Belt extends from coastal British Columbia across the Coast Mountains into the Interior Plateau. Its western end is defined by alkaline intrusive and comagmatic volcanic rocks of the Bella Bella-King Island complex, exposed in fjords and islands of the western Coast Mountains. The central portion of the Anahim Volcanic Belt contains three complex shield volcanoes, known as the Rainbow, Ilgachuz, and Itcha ranges. These fairly dissected shield volcanoes lie on the northern end of the Chilcotin Group lava plateau and distal lava flows at the margins of the shield volcanoes merge imperceptibly with flat-lying lava flows comprising the Chilcotin Group lava plateau. Unlike the Chilcotin Group basalt, which is not associated with any felsic derivatives, the volcanoes of the central Anahim Volcanic Belt are markedly bimodal, comprising a mixed assemblage of basalt and peralkaline silicic rocks. While volcanoes of the Anahim Volcanic Belt appear to merge laterally with the Chilcotin Group lavas, the particular nature and connection between the Anahim Volcanic Belt and the Chilcotin Group is unknown. However, volcanoes within the Anahim Volcanic Belt usually become younger from coastal British Columbia to near the small city of Quesnel further east, indicating these volcanoes may have formed as a result of the North American Plate passing over a possible mantle plume known as the Anahim hotspot, whereas the Chilcotin Group is related to back-arc basin volcanism. Nazko Cone, a cluster of basaltic cinder cones in the Nazko area 75 kilometres (47 mi) west of Quesnel forms the youngest and most easterly part of the Anahim Volcanic Belt with dates of 7,200 years.
The Explorer Ridge, an underwater mountain range lying 160 kilometres (99 mi) west of Vancouver Island on the Coast of British Columbia, consists of a north-south trending rift zone. It contains one major segment known as the Southern Explorer Ridge, along with other smaller segments, such as the Northern Explorer Ridge. With a depth of 1,800 metres (5,900 ft), the Southern Explorer Ridge is relatively shallow in comparison with most other rift zones of the northeast Pacific Ocean, indicating there has been considerable volcanic activity along this part of the Explorer Ridge in the past 100,000 years. Magic Mountain, a large hydrothermal vent area on the Southern Explorer Ridge, is a scene of this volcanic activity. Unlike most hydrothermal systems found in the Pacific Ocean, the Magic Mountain site is situated outside the primary rift zone. The source for the hydrothermal fluid that fuels Magic Mountain probably rises along fracture systems associated with a recent episode of rifting that, in turn, followed a massive outpouring of lava. In contrast, the Northern Explorer Ridge has evolved into a complex compound structure consisting of several rift basins bounded by half-graben and arcuate shaped faults with a superimposed pattern of rhombohedral grabens and horsts.
The Endeavour Segment, an active rift zone of the larger Juan de Fuca Ridge on the British Columbia Coast, contains a group of active black smokers called the Endeavour Hydrothermal Vents, located 250 kilometres (160 mi) southwest of Vancouver Island. This group of hydrothermal vents lies 2,250 metres (7,380 ft) below sea level and consists of five hydrothermal fields, known as Sasquatch, Saily Dawg, High Rise, Mothra, and Main Endeavour. Like typical hydrothermal vents, the Endeavour Hydrothermal Vents form when cold seawater seeps into cracks and crevices in the Endeavour Segment where it becomes heated by magma that lies beneath the seafloor. As the water is heated, it rises and seeks a path back out into the Pacific Ocean through openings in the Endeavour Segment, forming hydrothermal vents. These hydrothermal vents release fluids with temperatures of over 300 °C and have been a focus of research by Canadian and international scientists. The manned United States Navy deep-ocean research submersible DSV Alvin and the remotely operated underwater vehicle Jason have done work at the Endeavour Hydrothermal Vents. Joint Canada-United States studies have made use of the Canadian Remotely Operated Platform for Ocean Sciences. Fisheries and Oceans Canada has conducted extensive acoustic and mooredinstrument programs at the Endeavour Hydrothermal Vents since 1985.
Vast volumes of basaltic lava covered Northern Canada in the form of a flood basalt event 1,267 million years ago that engulfed the landscape near the Coppermine River southwest of Coronation Gulf in the Canadian Arctic. This volcanic activity built an extensive lava plateau and large igneous province with an area of 170,000 km2 (65,637 sq mi) representing a volume of lavas of at least 500,000 km3 (119,956 cu mi). With an area of 170,000 km2 (65,637 sq mi) and a volume of at least 500,000 km3 (119,956 cu mi), it is larger than the Columbia River Basalt Group in the United States and comparable in size to the Deccan Traps in west-central India, making it one of the largest flood basalt events ever to appear on the North American continent, as well as on Earth. This massive eruptive event was associated with the Mackenzie magmatic event, that included the coeval, layered, mafic-ultramafic Muskox intrusion and the enormous Mackenzie dike swarm that diverges from the Coppermine River flood basalts. The maximum thickness of the flood basalts are 4.7 km (3 mi) and consist of 150 lava flows, each 4 to 100 m (13 to 328 ft) thick. These flood basalt lava flows were erupted during a single event that lasted less than five million years. Analysis of the chemical composition of the lavas gives important clues about the origin and dynamics of the flood basalt volcanism. The lowermost lavas were produced by melting in the garnet stability field below the surface at a depth of more than 90 kilometres (56 mi) in a mantle plume environment beneath the North American lithosphere. As the mantle plume intruded rocks of the Canadian Shield, it created an upwelling zone of molten rock known as the Mackenzie hotspot. Upper lavas were partly contaminated with crustal rocks as magmas from the mantle plume passed through the lower and upper crust.
During the Early Jurassic period 196 million years ago, the New England or Great Meteor hotspot existed in the Rankin Inlet area of southern Nunavut along the northwestern coast of Hudson Bay, producing kimberlite magmas. This marks the first appearance of the New England hotspot, as well as the oldest kimberlite eruption throughout the New England or Great Meteor hotspot track, which extends southeastwards across Canada and enters the northern Atlantic Ocean where the New England hotspot is presently located.
The Sverdrup Basin Magmatic Province of northern Nunavut forms a large igneous province 95 to 92 million years old in the Canadian Arctic. Part of the larger High Arctic Large Igneous Province, it consists of two volcanic formations called the Ellesmere Island Volcanics and Strand Fiord Formation. In the Strand Fiord Formation, flood basalt lavas reach a thickness of at least 1 kilometre (3,300 ft). Flood basalts of the Sverdrup Basin Magmatic Province are similar to terrestrial flood basalts associated with breakup of continents, indicating the Sverdrup Basin Magmatic Province formed as a result of rifting of the Arctic Ocean and when the large underwater Alpha Ridge was still geologically active.
Widespread basalt volcanism occurred between 60.9 and 61.3 million years ago in the northern Labrador Sea, Davis Strait and in southern Baffin Bay on the eastern coast of Nunavut during the Paleocene period when North America and Greenland were being separated from tectonic movements. This resulted from seafloor spreading where new ocean seafloor was being created from rising magma. Scientific studies have indicated nearly 80% of the magma was erupted in one million years or less. The source for this volcanic activity was the Iceland plume along with its surface expression, the Iceland hotspot. This volcanic activity formed part of a large igneous province that is presently sunken beneath the northern Labrador Sea. Another period of volcanic activity began in the same region about 55 million years ago during the Eocene period when the north-south trending Mid-Atlantic Ridge began to form under the northern Atlantic Ocean east of Greenland. The cause of this volcanism might be related to partial melting from movement of a transform fault system extending from Labrador Sea to the south and Baffin Bay to the north. Although the region was carried away from the Iceland plume by going plate motion over millions of years, the source of the partial melting for the final period of volcanic activity may have been remnants of still anomalously hot Iceland plume magma which were left stranded beneath the North American lithosphere in the Paleocene period. Most diatremes in the Northwest Territories were formed by volcanic eruptions between 45 and 75 million years ago during the Eocene and Late Cretaceous periods.
More recent volcanic activity has created a northwest trending line of volcanic rocks called the Wrangell Volcanic Belt. This volcanic belt lies largely in the U.S. state of Alaska, but extends across the Alaska-Yukon border into southwestern Yukon where it contains scattered remnants of subaerial lavas and pyroclastic rocks which are preserved along the entire eastern fringe of the ice covered Saint Elias Mountains. The Wrangell Volcanic Belt formed as a result of arc volcanism related to subduction of the Pacific Plate under the northern portion of the North American Plate. Over large areas extrusive rocks lie in flat undisturbed piles on a Tertiary surface of moderate relief. Locally, however, strata of the same age have been affected by a late pulse of tectonism, during which they were faulted, contorted into tight symmetrical folds, or overridden by pre-Tertiary basement rocks along southwesterly dipping thrust faults. Considerable recent uplift, accompanied by rapid erosion, has reduced once vast areas of upper Tertiary volcanic rocks to small isolated remnants. Although no eruptions have occurred in the Yukon portion of the Wrangell Belt for the past five million years, two large (VEI-6) explosive eruptions from Mount Churchill 24 kilometres (15 mi) west of the Alaska-Yukon border, created the White River Ash deposit. This volcanic ash deposit is estimated 1,890 and 1,250 years old, covering more than 340,000 km2 (130,000 sq mi) of northwestern Canada and adjacent eastern Alaska. Unproven legends from indigenous people in the area indicate the final eruption from Mount Churchill 1,250 years ago disrupted food supplies and forced them to move further south.
The Yukon portion of the northwest trending Northern Cordilleran Volcanic Province includes the youngest volcanoes in Northern Canada. The Fort Selkirk Volcanic Field in central Yukon consists of valley-filling basalt lava flows and cinder cones. Ne Ch'e Ddhawa, a cinder cone 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) to the connection of the Yukon and Pelly rivers formed between 0.8 and one million years ago when this area lied beneath the vast Cordilleran Ice Sheet. The youngest volcano, Volcano Mountain just north of the junction of the Yukon and Pelly rivers, formed in past 10,000 years (Holocene), producing lava flows that remain unvegetated and appear to be only a few hundred years old. However, dating of sediments in a lake impounded by the lava flows indicated that the youngest lava flows could not be younger than mid-Holocene and could be early Holocene or older. Therefore the most recent activity in the Fort Selkirk volcanic field is unknown. The lava flows from Volcano Mountain are unusual because they originate much deeper in the Earth's mantle than the more common basaltic lava flows found throughout the Yukon and are very uncommon in the geological record. This lava, known as olivine nephelinite, is also unusual because it contains small, angular to rounded fragments of rock called nodules.
The Archean age greenstone belts throughout Canada are important for estimating Canada's mineral potential. Greenstone belts containing mineralogy are related to volcanic activity. Consequently geologists study greenstone belts to understand the volcanoes and the environment in which they erupted, and to provide a working model for mineral exploration. The 1,904 to 1,864 million year old Flin Flon greenstone belt of central Manitoba and east-central Saskatchewan is one of the largest Paleoproterozoic age volcanogenic massive sulfide ore deposits in the world, containing 27 copper-zinc-(gold) deposits from which more than 183 million tonnes of sulfide ore have been mined. The 2,575 million year old Yellowknife greenstone belt in the Northwest Territories is the host for world-class gold deposits with total production of 15 million ounces of gold. In the Archean Hope Bay greenstone belt of western Nunavut, three large gold deposits have been known as Doris, Boston and Madrid, while the 2,677 million year old Abitibi greenstone belt of Ontario and Quebec is the second most prolific gold producing area on Earth; the most prolific gold producing area is the Witwatersrand hill range in South Africa.
Other magmatic formations, such as dike swarms and sills, are known to contain base and precious metal deposits. The 2,500 to 2,450 million year old Matachewan dike swarm of eastern Ontario hosts the 2,491 to 2,475 million year old 20 kilometres (12 mi) long East Bull Lake Intrusion and associated intrusions. The 2,217 to 2,210 million year old Ungava magmatic event was the source for the Nipissing sills of Ontario and have been historically important for copper, silver, and arsenic mineralization, and also have the potential to contain platinum group metals. A third major event is the 1,885 to 1,865 million year old magmatism of the Circum-Superior Belt surrounding much of the Superior craton from the Labrador Trough in Labrador and northeastern Quebec, though the Cape Smith Belt in northern Quebec, the Belcher Islands in southern Nunavut, the Fox River and Thompson belts in northern Manitoba, the Winnipegosis komatiite belt in central Manitoba, and on the southern side of the Superior craton in the Animikie Basin of northwestern Ontario. Included within the Circum-Superior large igneous province are major nickel deposits of the Thompson and Raglan belts, which were likely derived from more than one magma source. The major 1,267 million year old Mackenzie dike swarm magmatism in the western part of the Canadian Shield is the host for the highly prospected Muskox intrusion. Another significant event was the magmatism that formed the 723 million year old Franklin dike swarm of Northern Canada and has been heavily mined for nickel, copper, and platinum group metals. The 230 million year old accreted oceanic plateau, Wrangellia in British Columbia and Yukon, has also been searched for nickel, copper, and platinum group metals.
The kimberlite diatremes, or pipes, across Canada have also been important economically, because kimberlite magmas are the world's main source of gem-quality diamonds. Kimberlite pipes form when kimberlite magmas rise considerably from depths as great as 400 kilometres (250 mi). As the kimberlite magmas approach a depth of at least 2 kilometres (1.2 mi), the magma explodes violently through the Earth's crust, carrying fragments of rock that it has collected along the way and, in the right conditions, possibly diamonds, to the surface. The Eocene (ca. 55-50 Ma) age diatremes of the Lac de Gras kimberlite field in the central Slave craton of the Northwest Territories support two world-class diamond mines, called Ekati and Diavik. Ekati, Canada's first diamond mine, has produced 40,000,000 carats (8,000 kg) of diamonds out of six open pits between 1998 and 2008, while Diavik, to the southeast, has produced 35,400,000 carats (7,100 kg) of diamonds since its foundation in 2003. The diamondiferous Drybones Bay kimberlite pipe is the largest diatreme discovered in the Northwest Territories, measuring 900 by 400 metres (3,000 × 1,300 ft). Diamondiferous diatremes throughout the Northwest Territories and Alberta have the potential to make Canada one of the world's major producers of gem-quality diamonds.
Canada continues to be volcanically active, but the dispersed population has witnessed few eruptions due to the remoteness of the volcanoes and their low level of activity. The span of recorded and witnessed volcanic activity in Canada differs from region to region and at least two eruptions have been witnessed by people. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, more than 200 potentially active volcanoes exist throughout Canada, 49 of which have erupted in the past 10,000 years (Holocene). This is very recent in geological terms, suggesting volcanoes in Canada have ongoing activity. Ongoing scientific studies have indicated there have been earthquakes associated with at least ten Canadian volcanoes, including: Mount Garibaldi, Hoodoo Mountain, Castle Rock, Mount Cayley, The Volcano, Crow Lagoon, Silverthrone Caldera, Mount Meager, the Wells Gray-Clearwater volcanic field, and the Mount Edziza volcanic complex.
Mount Meager in the Garibaldi Volcanic Belt of southwestern British Columbia was the source for a massive (VEI-5) Plinian eruption 2,350 years ago similar in character to the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens in the U.S. state of Washington. The eruption originated from a vent on the northeast flank of Plinth Peak, the highest and one of four overlapping stratovolcanoes which together form the Mount Meager massif. This activity produced a diverse sequence of volcanic deposits, well exposed in bluffs along the 209 kilometres (130 mi) long Lillooet River, which are grouped as part of the Pebble Creek Formation. The explosive power associated with this Plinian eruption sent an ash column estimated to have risen at least 20 kilometres (12 mi) above Meager, indicating it entered the second major layer of the Earth's atmosphere. As prevailing winds sent ash and dust as far as 530 kilometres (330 mi) to the east, it created the large Bridge River Ash deposit, extending from Mount Meager to central Alberta. Pyroclastic flows travelled 7 kilometres (4 mi) downstream from the vent and buried trees along Meager's forested slopes, which were burned in place. An unusual, thick apron of welded vitrophyric breccia may represent the explosive collapse of a former lava dome which deposited ash several meters in thickness near the vent area. This collapse blocked the Lillooet River to a height of at least 100 metres (330 ft), forming a lake. The lake reached a maximum elevation of 810 metres (2,660 ft) and thus was at least 50 metres (160 ft) deep. The pyroclastic deposts blocking the Lillooet River eventually eroded from water activity, causing a massive outburst flood that sent small house-sized boulders down the Lillooet River valley, and formed 23 metres (75 ft) high Keyhole Falls. The final phase of activity produced a 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) long glassy dacite lava flow that varies from 15 to 20 m (49 to 66 ft) thick. This is the largest known explosive eruption in Canada in the past 10,000 years. Two clusters of hot springs are found at Mount Meager, suggesting magmatic heat is still present and volcanic activity continues.
The massive Mount Edziza volcanic complex in the Northern Cordilleran Volcanic Province of northern British Columbia has had more than 20 eruptions throughout the past 10,000 years (Holocene), including Mess Lake Cone, Kana Cone, Cinder Cliff, Icefall Cone, Ridge Cone, Williams Cone, Walkout Creek Cone, Moraine Cone, Sidas Cone, Sleet Cone, Storm Cone, Triplex Cone, Twin Cone, Cache Hill, Camp Hill, Cocoa Crater, Coffee Crater, Nahta Cone, Tennena Cone, The Saucer, and the well-preserved Eve Cone. Active or recently active hot springs are found in several areas along the western flank of Edziza's lava plateau, including Elwyn springs (36 °C), Taweh springs (46 °C), and inactive springs near Mess Lake. All three hydrothermal areas are near the youngest lava fields on the lava plateau and are probably associated with the most recent volcanic activity at the Mount Edziza volcanic complex. An undated pumice deposit exists throughout the complex estimated to be younger than 500 years old.
Kostal Cone in the Wells Gray-Clearwater volcanic field of east-central British Columbia is a cinder cone responsible for basaltic lava flows comprising a lava bed, damming the southern end of McDougall Lake. There has been activity at this site as recently as 7,600 years ago at Dragon Cone, though more likely less than 1,000 years ago. Kostal Cone is too young for the potassium-argon dating technique (usable on specimens over 100,000 years old), and no charred organic material for radiocarbon dating has been found. However, the uneroded structure of the cone with the existence of trees on its flanks and summit have made it an area for dendrochronology studies, which reveals the growth of tree-ring patterns. Tree-ring dating has revealed an age of about 400 years for Kostal Cone, indicating it formed around 1500. This makes Kostal Cone the youngest volcano in the Wells Gray-Clearwater volcanic field and thus one of the youngest in Canada.
Tseax Cone, a young cinder cone at the southernmost end of the Northern Cordilleran Volcanic Province, was the source for a major basalt lava flow eruption around the years 1750 and 1775 that travelled into the Tseax River, damming it and forming Lava Lake. The lava flow subsequently travelled 11 kilometres (7 mi) north to the Nass River, where it filled the flat valley floor for an additional 10 kilometres (6 mi), making the entire lava flow 22.5 kilometres (14.0 mi) long. Native legends from Nisga'a people in the area tell of a prolonged period of disruption by the volcano, including the destruction of two Nisga'a villages known as Lax Ksiluux and Wii Lax K'abit. Nisga'a people dug pits for shelter but at least 2,000 Nisga'a people were killed due to volcanic gases and poisonous smoke (most likely carbon dioxide). This is Canada's worst known geophysical disaster. It is the only eruption in Canada for which legends of First Nations people have been proven true. As of 1993, the Tseax Cone quietly rests in Nisga'a Memorial Lava Beds Provincial Park.
An eruption was reported by placer miners on November 8, 1898 in the Atlin Volcanic Field of the Northern Cordilleran Volcanic Province adjacent to Ruby Mountain volcano 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of Gladys Lake when volcanic ash was said to be falling for many days. During the eruption the adjacent placer miners were able to work at nights due to incandescent glow from the eruption. A news report published on December 1, 1898 by the American newspaper publisher The New York Times stated: Kinslee and T. P. James, Denver mining men who with Col. Hughes of Rossland have just returned from Alaska, report that a volcano is in active eruption about fifty miles from Atlin City. No name has yet been given to the volcano, but the officials of Atlin are preparing for a trip of inspection and will christen it. It is said to be the second in a string of four mountains lying fifty miles due south of Lake Gladys, all of which are more than 1,400 feet high. In 1898 the Atlin area was in dispute with the Alaska-British Columbia boundary, leading American news broadcasters stating the Atlin area was in Alaska rather than in northwestern British Columbia. This Alaska-British Columbia boundary dispute was eventually resolved by arbitration in 1903 and no evidence for the 1898 eruption has been found, leading researchers to speculate about the eruption and report it as uncertain.
The Volcano at the southern end of the Northern Cordilleran Volcanic Province just north of the Alaska-British Columbia boundary is probably the youngest in Canada. It is a poorly built cinder cone made of loose volcanic ash, lapilli-sized tephra and volcanic bombs. Lying above a remote mountain ridge in the Boundary Ranges of the Coast Mountains, it is responsible for lava flow eruptions in 1904 and older that traveled south 5 kilometres (3 mi) through river valleys where they crossed the border into the U.S. state of Alaska and dammed the Blue River, a short tributary of the Unuk River. In doing so it formed several small lakes. This eruption had a massive effect on fish, plant and animal inhabitants of the valley, but there is no record of its impact on people, most likely because people were not in the remote area. The entire length of the lava flows are at least 22 kilometres (14 mi) and still contain the original lava features from when they were erupted, including pressure ridges and lava channels. However, sections of the lava flows have collapsed into underlying lava tubes to form cavities. Tephra and scoria from The Volcano covers adjacent mountain ridges and even through it is very young, it has been reduced by erosion from alpine glacial ice found in the heavily glaciated Coast Mountains. The estimated volume of lava and ash from The Volcano is 2.2 km3 (1 cu mi).
A series of earthquakes of less than magnitude 3.0 were recorded by seismographs in the Baezaeko River region 20 kilometres (12 mi) west of Nazko Cone in the Anahim Volcanic Belt on October 9, 2007. The cause of these earthquakes was magma intruding into rock 25 kilometres (16 mi) below the surface. Since then more than 1,000 small earthquakes have been recorded. Because of the small size of the earthquake swarms, Natural Resources Canada has added more seismographs in the region for better location and depth accuracy. However, the size and number of the 2007 earthquake swarms indicate there is currently no threat of an eruption. Before magma could erupt in the area adjacent to Nazko Cone, it is expected the size and number of the earthquakes would rise considerably, presaging an eruption.
EARLIER QUAKES INCLUDING ALASKA LARGE QUAKES http://www.greatdreams.com/earth.htm
Indonesia, the world’s largest archipelago, is prone to
seismic upheaval because of its location on the so-called Pacific “Ring of
Fire,” an arc of volcanoes and fault lines encircling the Pacific Basin.
I have had many other visions which were specifically for me and some were of specific events. I was shown volcanoes escalating in numbers and severity of eruptions. Since January, nine volcanoes have erupted. I saw the great quakes, two great fractures in the shape of a 'V' starting at the bottom of Southern California one moving along the coast the other moving up towards Nevada. This is happening as we speak. I saw tsunamis inundating the West and East coast due to large quakes and land upheavals in the Pacific and Atlantic as two new continents begin to rise.
Subj: DREAM OF SACRIFICE FOR HUMANITY
Date: 01/13/1999 8:13:05 AM Central Standard Time
This portent is for 7 mountains linked together to all blow up at the same time.
There had been 14 scheduled to be linked to blow up all at once, but the Gods/spirits managed to get it down to seven so mankind didn't have to suffer quite as much.
Not all of the witnesses and sacrificial people who were going to clean up from the death and destruction had shown up yet.
If you are interested in reading the whole dream, I typed it up and uploaded it here:
DREAM OF SACRIFICE FOR HUMANITY
Subj: Dream of Dragon (?)
Date: 1/12/2002 2:10:29 PM Pacific Standard Time
From: Code UFO
Had an extraordinary dream just before waking. In the dream I was somewhere on a city sidewalk, lots of shops, busy, quite a few people and the weather was clear with blue sky, light clouds. Suddenly my attention was drawn toward the south where I saw a gigantamungus column of fire way to the south (as if I were in northern Washington state like the Seattle area, and the column of fire was as far south as perhaps the Washington/Oregon border). The column of fire rose into the sky at a tremendous height in the shape of a mushroom cloud (like pictures you've seen of the atom bomb blasts). The width of the column of fire would have been about 1 inch as measured between two fingers at arm's length, so you can get an idea of how huge this was. I was completely awe struck and just kept saying, out loud, "What the f**k is THAT???" Everyone else was now looking at it too and everyone was stunned and frightened by this incredible sight. Suddenly I noticed it was forming a long, wide, flat "cloud of fire" in the sky. It got longer and longer, growing at a tremendous speed, stretching all the way from the location of the mushroom column to directly overhead where I was standing and continued stretching northward at a frighteningly rapid rate of speed. It's appearance was as a wide swath of fiery "cloud". It seemed to be making a kind of "crackling" noise as it sped across the sky, stretching as far as the eye could see in both directions. Suddenly it was night time, or at least it was dark out side and I seemed to be now in a different location. The band of "fiery cloud" was still streaking across the sky but now it seemed to be taking on the writhing shape of a humongous "dragon" seemingly composed of flashing "electrical" energy (reminded me of the appearance of the "monster from the id" in the old classic movie, Forbidden Planet). As I watched it the thought came into my head that this was somehow "God's" wrath coming to punish America for some reason. I was terrified and concerned about the safety of my loved ones (children, I think. Although I only have one son and he's 23 years old) who were in a small building (a "school" of some kind, I think) near by. The fiery, crackling, electrical "dragon" now revealed it's angry, wild, out of control face which was totally fierce and frightening and it was writhing and swooping up and down. The size of the thing was incredibly huge. Many miles in length. Interestingly, it was not as you might picture it. In other words it had no solid body. It was more like it was composed of millions of flashing streaks of electrical charges of fiery colors. I was in a panic and trying to decide how best to reach who ever it was (children?) I needed to rescue from the building (the "school"?) when I woke up.
What was it? I don't know. My first thought, in trying to analyze it, was that the dragon represented the Chinese and maybe it foretold of a nuclear attack. My second thought was that it may have been a representation of a major volcano eruption, such as Rainier or St. Helens. Both are in the general direction where the pillar of "fire" seemed to be located. Joe and Dee, you're the experts at dream stuff. Any thoughts?
20033-10-03 - HOPING THIS IS JUST A DREAM -
I was working for Ralph (the Jewish Judge) in an office. (I used to work for him in the real - in the real estate business)
He took out his briefcase (reddish brown) and pulled out a 3 -ring binder and handed it to me to work on. He showed me what my password was to get into the binder which had a lock on it.
Inside the binder was a series of colored maps of the continents. Over each map was a plastic overlay on which the changes were to be made with colored pencils. Each overlay had a rectangular area marked out which overlay the coastlines of each continent. I was also given the colored pencils and given the job of making the changes on the maps.
At the end of the day, I took the binder of maps and the briefcase home with me and Ralph had broken the lock on the briefcase. (The seal was broken)
5/22/98 - I felt small earthquakes. We were living in the upstairs of a house in a large city. I think it was in Washington state, but I'm not sure. It was an area I'm not familiar with.
I was looking out of a window, and I saw a volcano erupt. I saw large clouds of ash go into the air with each earthquake. Actually they felt like shock waves. I told the people we were living with, but they didn't seem concerned. As I watched a huge cloud of ash seemed to billow toward us. The volcano was quite a distance away, but ash began to rain on us heavily.
The woman in the house just got irritated like she had seen it before. Then I saw rocks of hot coals falling, and things began to start on fire as they hit. I became very alarmed, and ran upstairs to get my children. My husband and I were grabbing things getting ready to leave. --Ann
Note: I didn't know any of the people in this dream. In fact I don't think I was in my own body.
MT. ST. HELENS
Then - on this map were 7 vortexes - 6 in a large circle and one in the center. These vortexes were set in place by electric wires and connected to each other. A group of men had done this.
I couldn't actually see the connecting wires but I knew they were there - underground.
I was determined to figure out how to disconnect them, because if something went wrong on one of the vortexes while they were connected, they would all go off at the same time and people would be killed.
by William Thomas 12/31/04
Preface - Sea Change by William Thomas |
Complete article 4000 words available by signing up to Convergence Weekly
Crossing the Indian Ocean at speeds over 500 mph, the tsunamis from the Dec. 26, 2004 Sumatra quake carried death and destruction all the way to Africa, 4,000 miles away. Centered six miles under the Indian Ocean’s seabed 155 miles southeast of Sumatra, the 9.0 quake rang the Earth’s core, leading to fresh concerns of imminent polar reversals.
The last time this area shook in 1883, 120-foot-high tidal waves snuffed 36,000 lives as ash reached a height of 50 miles, blocking the sun and plunging the surrounding region into darkness lasting nearly three days. Global temperatures dipped 1.2 degree C, and did not return to normal until 1888. Krakatau's 535 eruption caused a lingering “global winter” that killed crops and unleashed bubonic plague, derailing civilizations. We were lucky the Sumatra supervolcano didn’t blow again. But if left unchecked, humanity’s volcanic carbon burning will ensure similar catastrophe within decades.
There was no warning.
Around 9 o’clock on a paradisiacal Sri Lankan beach, 5-year-old Adil was making sandcastles with his younger sister, Reeze when the girl ran complaining to her mother Haalima that waves had crushed their creations. The ocean followed Reeze home. “When we looked, there was no shore anymore and no Adil,” Haalima said.
Last weekend, planet Earth came within a whisker of another stupendous Sumatran eruption capable of rearranging entire civilizations. After a century of relative quiet, we’re overdue for another big one, vulcanologist Claus Hammer reminds us. Only equatorial volcanic eruptions can spread atmospheric dust in both hemispheres. . There are more than 90 active equatorial volcanoes. The longest arc of big tropical volcanoes straddles Southeast Asia, where Sumatra’s big trembler originated.
VOLCANO - CALIFORNIA
6-15-05 - DREAM - I was in California with a group of men from my family. There was a big sports reunion of some kid going on nearby and all the men wanted to be there.
My grandson Brian (means strong) was my driver and we headed out go to the stadium. When we turned onto the freeway with all the traffic, I could see a mountain range in the distance.
Brian was freeway driving, but I was rather sightseeing and I said, "Oh my gosh! you can see the mountains from here."
Brian nonchalantly said, "Yeah!"
Then I saw a mushroom cloud come up in the mountain. I said, "Did you see that?"
He said, "What?" because he was busy driving and didn't have time to look where I was looking.
I said, "A mushroom cloud just came up from the mountain."
He said just as nonchalantly, "Nah!"
Just then, a larger mushroom cloud came up from under the first mushroom cloud.
We were heading right towards it. I said, "Shouldn't we pull over and stop?"
He said, "Nah! That's pretty far away."
At that moment, the whole mountain blew up, and the mushroom cloud rose into the air so high, I couldn't see the top of the cloud from inside the car.
Cars were still driving so fast so they could get somewhere - anywhere at that point.
I couldn't even scream because I was too stunned.
We were driving as fast as we could with the traffic.
I said, "We have to get off the freeway." and he didn't even bother to answer because there was nowhere to go.
All of a sudden, a long plume of red lava came streaking across the sky in our direction. It was arching over, and I prayed we could get all the way under it so that when it hit the ground, it would hit behind us.
It looked like it was going to land right on our car.
I don't know how we got off the freeway, but we ended up in a huge underground garage with hundreds of other cars.
I was scurrying around with other men trying to help do something - anything at this point.
There was a stairway off to the side of the cars and saw a stack of newspapers there. So I ran up the stairs to get the newspapers and spread out the paper over the lava spots that were drying on cars and pavement.
I wasn't alone. Nobody knew what to do - it was too devastating.
My own family seemed okay, but it was obvious everyone was highly distressed. I even saw Bob the painter there. (He is a football and basketball fan)
NOTE: 7-7-05 -
Prediction by Drunvalo Melchisedek
The South Pole is melting. There is three volcanoes going off under the ice cap. They have been active for many years now. Last year the biggest piece of ice ever known broke off, about 800 square miles of ice. At the moment another huge piece is about to break off. This one is called Larson's Ledge and is about the size of the state of Texas and about 3 or 4 miles deep. It is cracking fast. If this piece of ice breaks off, according to the press releases, it will raise the world oceans by 65 feet. Two countries will disappear forever and almost every coastal city in the world will be destroyed. Just think what would happen to Florida when the highest point is 90 feet. This would happen in about one day. Our government is telling the world that it will be about 500 years before Larson's Ledge breaks off. We don't talk about it much here in the states, but in Australia it is discussed almost every week because they would be effected first and much more. Obviously the tidal wave coming off of a piece of ice as big as Larson's Ledge would be huge, perhaps over a half mile high or more. About 10 days ago Dr. David Suzuki and another scientist went on Australian television and made a daring statement. They said that they could not allow this disinformation to go out. They said that, as scientists, they believed from all the scientific information that they have seen that Larson's Ledge will break off sometime "within three years or less ". Before Dr. Suzuki even said this to Australia, the aboriginal tribes said that they expected a huge wave to be coming, and many of these tribes are at this moment heading for the center of the continent to get inland as far as possible.
COMMENT: The mountain which collapses may be one of the collapsing volcanoes or super-volcanoes geo-physicists have been warning us about this year. If it is the latter, all of the Americas will be severely affected by the powerful blast. The eruption of a super-volcano only occurs every 600,000 years. If one erupted today it would easily fulfill the prophecy of the sixth seal of Revelation, triggering off earthquakes and volcanic eruptions worldwide and plunging the entire planet into perpetual twilight for many months.
GUATEMALA 7.2 http://www.greatdreams.com/guatemala-earthquake-61307.htm
I have two visions that I will share with you today. Understand that I do not claim to be of any religion in the world today, when it comes to an inner teacher I have always seen this as being Jesus Christ. Just of no religion in the world today. I see inside myself as no one knows the real true religion and when the day come for us to see this then we must be able to discard all things in which we think are true.
Jesus Christ took out a map to show me. As he unrolled it he showed me a line in which ran from 1/4 from left hand top to about 3/4 bottom right hand. About 1/2 to 3/4 of the way down he pointed to a particular place.
That in which I perceived as being a river. At this point I perceived him showing me that the fish in this place would become ill. Spreading illness among all the fish in all the waters. For anyone that partakes of this fish will become ill.
The Day becomes night. I then see what this is. I then see a large volcano. After this I see a bridge , a giant wave is about to flood through it. Then I am taken somewhere above our earth. There are two beings, made of pure white light. They both turn to look at me, then they turn back to what is in front of them. A big round circle. In which I perceive as being our earth and everything connected to it. At the very top center something like white glowing fire spreads evenly around covering the whole earth leaving a clean clear pure earth.
With all the love
those of you in the Gulf of Mexico states, my heart goes out to you.
I know your lives are changing before your eyes. We all have very
difficult decisions to make in the days to come. The most important
thing we can do is to listen, to pray, to ask where we need to be
and what we need to do, to be of the highest service, and to provide
for those we love until this acceleration takes us all through the
was a military presence surrounding the entire landing/processing
area, but they were benign and there strictly to maintain a
semblance of order. The armed soldiers seemed awkward and aware they
were there merely on display: since nearly everyone - to a child-
behaved somberly and as if in deep thought. There were also several
people who appeared to be genuinely excited, but their attitudes
changed too, as they moved closer to the tent entrance.
2-16-11 - DREAM - I was on my computer in Wisconsin
somewhere. I had three IM's going because of a huge earthquake that shook a
large area in the Midwest - probably the New Madrid.
We didn't lose electricity, which was a good thing, and I could communicate with other people who had experienced the same thing I just had - and we found out that the United States was completely severed in half at the Mississippi River.
When daylight came, I went outside to find out what things looked like and went to the Mississippi River divide and to my shock, the river was actually at least 1,000 feet lower from where I stood and looked very small at the bottom of the cliff that now divided Wisconsin from Minnesota. I was stunned to see this because I've been to that spot before, and Wisconsin and Minnesota were divided by the Mississippi at that point but had been equal in altitude before.
I couldn't believe what I was seeing. There would be no way to get from one side of the river to the other now except to fly or take a fast boat if one still existed at the bottom of the cliff.
I saw no people, just lots of trees. The trees on the to her side of the river looked very tiny in comparison to those on my side of the river because they were so far down now.
EARTHCHANGE MAPS AND MAP DATABASE
Web Sites For Earth Change Maps
L.A. AWARE - EARTHQUAKE MAPS thru 2008
L. A. AWARE - EARTHQUAKE MAPS - 2009
STAN DEYO'S EARTHQUAKE MAPS
NEW MADRID - EARTHQUAKE MAPS
A TWIST ON THE NEW YORK QUAKES
Michael Gordon Scallion
Lori Toye’s Earth Change Maps
I AM AMERICA Catalog
Aron Abrahamsen’s USA Earth Change Map
Dolores Cannon’s Nostradamus USA Earth Change Map
Ashton Pitre’s USA Map
Dr. Chet Snow’s USA Earth Change Map
Dr. Chet Snow
George Shaffer’s North American Earth Change Maps
Zeta Talk Pole Shift Maps
Zeta Talk New World Geography Map
Zeta Talk Troubled Times New Geography Maps
Zeta Talk Volcanic Gloom Maps
Zeta Advice-Safe Locations
Richard Fleetwood’s Maps for Hazardous Areas in the United States
World Underground Bases Map
Nuclear Reactor Site Maps for USA
See Map A for USA Reactor Sites
See Map B for USA Nuclear Reactor Threats Map
AGE OF THE OCEAN FLOORS MAPS
RECORDS OF RECENT EARTHQUAKES
LOS ANGELES / SAN FRANCISCO QUAKES
NEW MADRID QUAKES
YELLOWSTONE SUPER VOLCANO
Earthquake, Volcano Cams and Eruption News
|Popular Volcano Webcams|
Mount St. Helens, Washington
Mt. St. Helens
|Popocatepetl, Mexico (Active!) See News|
|Mt. Fuji, Japan||Mt. Ararat, Turkey|
|Mt. Iwate, Japan||Ruapehu, New Zealand|
|San Salvador, El Salvador||Mauna Loa, Hawaii (Active!)|
|Sakurajima, Japan (Active!)|
|Mt. Hokodate-yama - Japan||Mt. Etna|
|Mount Meager||Whistler Alpine Webcam|
|Mount Cayley||Whistler Alpine Webcam|
|Mount Baker||Bluenose WebCam 2|
|Glacier Peak||Stevens Pass WebCam|
|Mount Rainier||Crystal Mountain Ski Area|
|Goat Rocks||University of Washington|
|Mount Adams||White Pass Cam|
|Mount Saint Helens|
|Mount Hood||Mount McLoughlin|
|Timberline SkyCam-Mt. Hood||Diamond Peak|
|Mount Jefferson||Pelican Butte|
|Broken Top||Crater Lake|
|Mount Bailey||Mount Thielsen|
|Three Fingered Jack||Mount Washington|
|Three Sisters (This area is bulging 4 inches this year)||
|Newberry Volcano||Oregon Road Cames|
|Crater Cam||Crater Lake|
|Medicine Lake Volcano||
Mount Shasta SnowCam
|Lassen Peak||Mammoth Lake Cam|
THIS BLOG CONTINUES ON PAGE 95