An Experience
What's really going on?

by Dee Finney


updated 7-13-06

2-5-2002 - I was in the kitchen making breakfast. As I was flipping over the scrambled eggs, someone telepathically yelled in my ear, the name - 'HEZBOLLAH'.  It was so loud, there was no ignoring it.

I was busy this morning, but hours later, this thought keeps coming back that I wouldn't have been told that if it wasn't important.

What is the connection to scrambling eggs or flipping eggs over? Why was this told to me while I was doing this activity, rather than at some other time - such as while I was watching the news about the Hezbollah, which has been mentioned numerous times since the World Trade Center plane crashes.

President George W. Bush, has included the Hezbollah as a terrorist group which he wants destroyed.

I understand that - but why was this particular group so significant that I had to think about it and write about it? What is it about flipping eggs or scrambling eggs?  That we are thinking incorrectly about this group? That our ideas are scrambled?  Or that their ideas are scrambled? 

I am aware that some of what you read on this page will anger you.  I am prepared for that. My point in doing this page is for information - not to choose one side over the other.

Here is what I found on the internet:

Note that some of this information will be from 'their' perspective - not just from the U.S.A. perspective.

SEPTEMBER 15, 2005: Orthodox Jews gathered outside the United Nations in New York City, NY to express their opposition to the State of 'Israel' and Mr. Ariel Sharon, who was speaking in the United Nations.

Orthodox Jewish Rabbis and layman will gather, TODAY with G-d’s help, across the street of the United Nation Headquarters. They will join in expressing their opposition to the State of “Israel” and Mr. Ariel Sharon, who will be speaking today in the United Nations.

While the United Nations is celebrating its 60th anniversary, they have invited Heads of State of over 150 countries. Participating in this commemoration, is Mr. Sharon as the Head of State of the State of “Israel”.

The State of “Israel” has been recognized and legitimized as the representation and embodiment of the Jewish nation; this is patently and totally false. The State of “Israel” is an embodiment of illegitimacy; it is the antithesis of Judaism and can not be the representative of the Jewish People. In fact, the leaders of the Jewish People, who have been and are steadfast in their commitment to the Jewish religion, have always stood in opposition to the creation and to the existence of the State of “Israel”. The Chief Rabbi of Jerusalem, Rabbi J. Z. Dushinsky of blessed memory, forwarded a memorandum to the Secretary General of the United Nations, in the year 1947 prior to the establishment of the State, imploring the United Nations, not to allow the creation of the so called “Jewish State”.

Two horrific evils have coalesced with the confiscation of the Holy Land from the Palestinian people, and the creation of this State.

Firstly, this is a rebellion against G-d who has expressly forbidden us, the Jewish people, from ending the G-dly decreed exile, by creating our own State. This is regardless if the selected country to form this state in, is populated or desolate, and regardless, if it is the will of the indigenous population to help the Jews form their State, or if the State is being forced upon them.

Secondly, this rebellion against G-d has been compounded immeasurably by the fact that in order to create this state, a land has been taken, clearly against the will of the indigenous population, the Palestinian people. Their homes and properties have been confiscated and untold thousands have been expelled etc. their suffering continues unabated until the present day.

Therefore, we pray, that the return of Gaza be a token beginning and should usher in the day, when we should realize the transformation of the rule over the entire Holy Land, back to its rightful rulers, - the Palestinian People. We stress, not just Gaza and the West Bank, but the entire Holy Land.

Our passionate prayers are, that this should come about, speedily and peacefully, without any further bloodshed, pain or suffering.

May G-d enlighten the Jewish individuals who have been led astray, to understand G-d’s will and do His Will, with happy hearts.

Ultimately, may we merit to see the day, soon in our life time, when G-d will reveal His glory and all humanity will serve Him in peace and harmony. AMEN

Date: Thursday, September 15, 2005,

Place: At the Isaiah Wall outside the United Nations Headquarters

(First Avenue beween 42nd 43rd Street), in New York City,

Time: 3:30PM




FROM: http://mb-soft.com/believe/txo/hezbolla.htm

Hezbollah - {hez' - bah - lah}

General Information

Hezbollah, or Party of God, is an informal umbrella group of Shiite Muslim militants in Lebanon that advocates the creation of an Islamic republic there. Formed in about 1983, it places Islam above Arab nationalism and has demanded that Westerners leave Lebanon and that Christians there be tried for crimes against Muslims. Hezbollah's more than 5,000 members, subsidized and trained by Iran, are concentrated in the southern slums of Beirut and al - Biqa (Bekaa) Valley; they become martyrs if they sacrifice their lives in what is considered a holy war.

 The organization has no formal structure; its fluid membership includes such shadowy terrorist groups as Islamic Jihad, the Revolutionary Justice Organization, Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine, and the Arab Revolutionary Cells. Hezbollah groups have claimed responsibility for the 1983 bombings of the U S embassy and marine headquarters in Beirut, several hijackings, and the taking of Western and Israeli hostages. In January 1989, after months of armed clashes, Hezbollah signed a peace agreement with the mainstream Lebanese Shiite group, the Syrian backed Amal (Hope).

The 1989 death of Iranian leader Ayatollah Khomeini and a Syrian brokered Lebanese peace accord led to a decline in Hezbollah's influence in the early 1990s. Hezbollah's tactics and shadowy nature frustrated conventional political, diplomatic, and military strategies and contributed to a U S foreign policy scandal, the Iran Contra Affair. After the Persian Gulf War (1991), in an effort to end its international isolation, the Iranian government persuaded Hezbollah groups to release some hostages.


From: www.hizbollah.org/

HEZBOLLAH is an Islamic struggle movement. Its emergence is based on an ideological, social, political and economical mixture in a special Lebanese, Arab and Islamic context .

As a result of this background Hezbollah went through various decisive moments in its history. With the most important moment being in 1982 the year of the Zionist invasion of Lebanon. This invasion led to the occupation of the capital Beirut making it the second Arab capital to be occupied during the Arab-“Israeli” conflict, with Jerusalem being the first. This crossroad speeded up the presence of Hezbollah as a struggle movement that is totally affiliated in the long complicated and complex fight against the Zionist enemy. The starting point of that struggle being the Zionist occupation of Palestine, and then to many of the Arab lands in Egypt, Syria and Jordan leading up to Lebanon. All that led to the establishment of the identity of Hezbollah as a struggle movement against the Zionists. Add to that many social, economical, political and cultural ideals of the Shiaa in Lebanon. Another very important factor that developed Hezbollah was the establishment of the Islamic Revolution in Iran that was led by the late Imam Khomeini. This revolution consolidated new concepts in the field of Islamic thought mainly the concept of Willayat Al-Faqih. The revolution also generalized Islamic expressions against the west such as arrogance, the great Satan, hypocrites and the oppressed.

With this crossroad and with the historic tie between the Shiaas in Lebanon and in Iran, which is a doctrinal tie. As well as of the reason that Iran hosts the second most important religious school of the Shiaa in Qom with the second being the Al-Najaf school in Iraq. But because of many obvious reasons Qom has occupied the number one Shiaa school in the world today.

Due to that it was only normal for the ideological doctrine in Iran to take root in Lebanon. This tie was very quickly translated on the ground by direct support from the Islamic Republic of Iran through its revolutionary guards and then to Hezbollah that was resisting the “Israeli” occupation.

This religious and ideological tie between Hezbollah and Iran following the revolution with its stance towards the Zionist entity had a great effect on releasing vital material and moral support to Hezbollah. This support speeded up the acknowledgement of making Hezbollah one of the leading struggle movements against the Zionists. But during and after 1985 Hezbollah was the only such movement in this field.

It was not by sheer coincidence that Hezbollah turned into a struggle movement against the “Israeli” occupation. Because Hezbollah’s ideological ideals sees no legitimacy for the existence of “Israel” a matter that elevates the contradictions to the level of existence. And the conflict becomes one of legitimacy that is based on religious ideals. The seed of resistance is also deep in the ideological beliefs of Hezbollah, a belief that found its way for expression against the Zionist occupation of Lebanon. And that is why we also find the slogan of the liberation of Jerusalem rooted deeply in the ideals of Hezbollah. Another of its ideals is the establishment of the an Islamic Government.

The Islamic Resistance was able to direct very painful blows to the Zionist enemy forcing them to withdraw step by step. One of the principal withdrawals is that of 1985 leading up to the withdrawal from the Christian area Jezzine. And finally leaving the enemy with no choice but to withdraw completely as a final solution to their problems.

Hezbollah also used one of its own special types of resistance against the Zionist enemy that is the suicide attacks. These attacks dealt great losses to the enemy on all thinkable levels such as militarily and mentally. The attacks also raised the moral across the whole Islamic nation.

It is also vital to state here, that the resistance gained high credibility amongst the people and in all official statuses, both locally and internationally. The US also once stated that the resistance is a justified movement in facing the “Israeli” occupation.

The resistance also established an internal national axis in a way that was never witnessed in Lebanon before. This matter is of vital interest when we notice how Lebanon is divided into various religions, sects, ideologies, societies, cultures etc.

Today, Hezbollah is one of the most prominent Lebanese political parties that has its presence in the parliament with 8 MPs.

Hezbollah today also commands respect politically after it proved its strength with its presence by respecting the values of others in the field.

Hezbollah also sees itself committed in introducing the true picture of Islam, the Islam that is logical. Committed to introduce the civilized Islam to humanity.

Hezbollah also sees itself committed in introducing the Islam that is confidant in achieving justice, as well as introducing the Islam that protects all human rights. Introducing the Islam that supports education, the Islam that offers medical support. Hezbollah also has its own cultural plan to attract and convince through civilized and humanitarian means as specified in the human rights laws, far from any use of violence or coercion.

It should also be clear that the kind of Islam that Hezbollah seeks is a civilized one that refuses any kind of oppression, degradation, subjugation and colonization. Hezbollah also stretches its arm of friendship to all on the basis of mutual self-respect.

The Islamic path that Hezbollah follows is one of a message that aims to establish peace and justice to all humanity whatever their race or religion. Hezbollah does not have a problem with anyone, but it feels responsible towards him or her to clarify the true Islam far away of any fanaticism.

Hezbollah does not wish to implement Islam forcibly but in a peaceful and political manner, that gives the chance to the majority to either accept or refuse. If Islam becomes the choice of the majority only then will it be implemented. If not it will then continue to co-exist with others on the basis of mutual understanding using peaceful methods to reach peaceful solutions. And that is how the case should be to the non-Islamists as well.

Hezbollah - this is not in English (I don't know what it says - but it's here for reference for whoever can read this language.

Hizbollah - English site

The Israel-Hezbollah War

From: http://www.danielpipes.org/articles/20000828.shtml

The Hezbollah in America: An Alarming Network
National Review
August 28, 2000

Mohamad Youssef Hammoud, an 18-year-old Shiite Muslim from Lebanon, arrived at New York's Kennedy Airport on June 6, 1992. He had come, accompanied by two close male relatives, from Caracas, Venezuela, where each of them had plunked down $200 for a counterfeit U.S. visa. American border guards caught the fraud, and the trio did not exactly begin their American careers with distinction; but they did begin them in character-with a crime. The U.S. government also responded in character, just as it would many times over the next eight years: It allowed them into the country.

Then followed a fairly typical sequence of events for illegal immigrants. In November 1992, Hammoud claimed political asylum on the (dubious) grounds that Israel's Lebanese allies were out to get him, making this fear his justification for buying a fake U.S. visa. A year later, in December 1993, an immigration judge turned down this transparent ploy and ordered Hammoud deported. To no avail: Hammoud promptly filed an appeal, which permitted him to stay longer. In December 1994, while still awaiting a verdict, he married an American named Sabina Edwards, and this gave him legal standing to apply for permanent residency. The Immigration and Naturalization Service did some sleuthing and found both the marriage certificate and the woman's birth certificate fraudulent, so in August 1996 Hammoud was again ordered deported, this time within the month.

The resourceful Hammoud then went underground. In May 1997, he married a second American, Jessica Wedel. In September 1997, while still married to Wedel, he took a third wife, Angela Tsioumas. (That she was already married to another man perhaps evened the score.) The INS, not too adept at record-keeping, mislaid its file on Hammoud's earlier marriage fraud and never noticed that both of the nuptial pair were married to others; so, on the basis of Hammoud's marriage to Tsioumas, the agency granted him conditional residency in July 1998. Only in October 1998 did Hammoud get around to divorcing Wedel.

To make matters even more interesting, the Hammoud-Tsioumas bond turns out to have been a complete fiction, just a way for him to acquire citizenship and for her to earn a few thousand dollars. Hammoud appears to have (truly) married a woman in Lebanon in 1999; Tsioumas has bragged that, as soon as Hammoud no longer needs her, she will marry other would-be Americans "for the right price."

One might imagine that Hammoud's desperate efforts to remain in the U.S. signaled his deep affection for the land of the free; or, at any rate, his longing to walk our streets paved with gold. But one would be wrong. Like so many other Shiites from the shantytowns south of Beirut, this young man has adopted the Ayatollah Khomeini's brand of extremist Islam and virulent anti-Ameri canism. As a member of Hezbollah, the main Islamist terrorist and political organization of Lebanon, Hammoud came here not as an immigrant, to become American-but as a missionary, to bring Hezbollah's message into enemy territory.

He Says 8,000 Missiles Were Sent
NEW YORK Israel said Sunday that Iran had supplied Hezbollah militants in Lebanon with 8,000 missiles that could hit Israeli cities, and warned Lebanon it would not tolerate any missile attacks from its territory.
Citing what he called reliable intelligence information, Shimon Peres, the Israeli foreign minister, made the allegation in an interview with the International Herald Tribune.
He also contended that North Korea had supplied Iran with a medium-range missile and that the two countries were cooperating to develop a long-range missile capable of hitting North America.
Mr. Peres, who is attending the World Economic Forum meetings here, also distanced himself from a remark by the Israeli prime minister, Ariel Sharon, who a few days ago said he regretted that Israel had not killed the Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat, 20 years ago.
In making the charges against Iran and North Korea, Mr. Peres appeared to be providing a timely backup to President George W. Bush, who sparked anger in the Middle East last week when he charged that Iran, North Korea and Iraq formed an "axis of evil" and were developing weapons of mass destruction.
Diplomats who asked not to be named said Mr. Peres had discussed the intelligence data on Iran's alleged role in providing missiles to Hezbollah during a meeting with Colin Powell, the U.S. secretary of state.
"Iran has given Hezbollah a collection of 8,000 Katusha missiles with a range of between 20 and 70 kilometers over the last six months, and those missiles pose a direct threat to Israel," Mr. Peres contended in the interview.
In a warning that singled out Lebanon but may actually have been aimed at Syria, which exercises suzerainty over Lebanon, Mr. Peres went on to say that "if Hezbollah thinks that they will fire those missiles at Israel from the Lebanon, then we have to warn Lebanon" that Israel would not stand for it.
The Israeli foreign minister, who held two hours of talks in New York with aides to Mr. Arafat and also met King Abdullah of Jordan, said that Iran was working with North Korea on medium-and long-range missiles that could threaten Europe and North America.
"Iran has received an old North Korean Shihab-3 missile with a range of 1,200 kilometers," Mr. Peres said. "And now Iran, in collaboration with North Korea, is trying to build a missile with a range of 10,000 kilometers that could threaten North America."
The missile allegations come at an extremely delicate moment in domestic Israeli politics and in the region. Mr. Sharon is facing a threatened resignation from a rightist member of his cabinet because the prime minister met with a Palestinian delegation last Wednesday.
On Sunday in New York, when asked to rate the chances of a cease-fire between Israelis and Palestinians on a scale of one to 10, Mr. Peres said "between three and four on a scale of 10."
Mr. Peres grew visibly uncomfortable when asked whether he agreed with the statement by Mr. Sharon last week in which the prime minister said he regretted that Israel had not killed Mr. Arafat 20 years ago.
"I didn't make that statement. Mr. Sharon did, and I don't wish to comment on Mr. Sharon's statements," he replied at first.
But when pressed to offer his personal opinion as to whether Israel should have killed Mr. Arafat in the early 1980s, Mr. Peres offered a less cryptic response. "No, I was against killing Mr. Arafat then, and I am against it today," he said.
"At the time, Arafat had passed an Israeli Army position and our soldiers had their rifles trained on him and could have easily shot him. But Begin gave the order not to shoot Arafat, and Begin should be praised for that decision," he said, referring to then Prime Minister Menachem Begin. It was not clear if the episode occurred in 1982 or 1983.
A spokesman for Mr. Peres said the minister still saw Mr. Arafat as the Palestinian leader.
Israel has virtually confined Mr. Arafat in the West Bank town of Ramallah. Asked if this was constructive for the peace process, Mr. Peres quoted Mr. Sharon as saying, "if he becomes a partner for peace then he will not be confined."
Mr. Peres, when pressed whether he thought confinement was the best approach, said, "I think it would be wise for Arafat to arrest the people who killed an Israeli minister." He was referring to Rehavam Zeevi, the Israeli minister of tourism who was shot and killed by Palestinian gunmen on Oct. 17.
"The confinement," he added, "is more a matter of pressure than punishment. We said that people in Ramallah had murdered an Israeli minister in Jerusalem and we are telling Arafat who did it, and we demand that he arrest them."
When asked if such an arrest could place Mr. Arafat at risk, Mr. Peres said, "My answer is that to be a leader is sometimes not so easy."
Even as Mr. Peres spoke in New York, there appeared to be modest signs that, despite his prudent assessment, a cease-fire might be becoming more feasible. Among these sings were more moderate tones from Mr. Arafat and Mr. Sharon.
Mr. Arafat on Sunday said in a statement that he condemned Palestinian "terrorist groups" that attack Israeli civilians and said he was "determined to put an end to their activities."
Mr. Peres, on Sunday, welcomed those remarks as a step in the right direction.
Separately, Mr. Sharon defended his meeting with senior Palestinian leaders and said he planned more such talks. This is despite harsh criticism of Mr. Sharon from hard-liners in his cabinet.
In New York, Mr. Peres said that contacts with Palestinian officials "always" brought progress, but he cautioned that real talks aimed at establishing a cease-fire would resume only after Mr. Sharon returned home from a visit to Washington, where he is expected to meet President Bush on Thursday.
Secretary Powell was expected to meet with senior Palestinian officials in Washington on Sunday.
Hezbollah Proud to Be on Terror List
NewsMax.com Wires
Sunday, November 4, 2001
BEIRUT -- Hezbollah leader Seyyed Hassan Nasrallah said Sunday the United States included his group on its list of terrorist organizations because it refused to relinquish its anti-Israel resistance and support of the Palestinian people.

Nasrallah said it was "natural" and expected that the U.S. lists Hezbollah as a terrorist organization "along (with) other struggling and resistance movements," which are being faced "with this violence and harshness exercised by Israel."

He said it was logical that Hezbollah be included on the list because after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks in New York and Washington, it refused to abandon resistance against Israel and provide support for the Palestinian people in their struggle to liberate their occupied land.

"It is our pride that the Great Satan (U.S.) and the head of despotism, corruption and arrogance in modern times considers us as an enemy that should be listed on the terrorism list," Nasrallah said. "I say to every member of Hezbollah (should) be happy and proud that your party has been placed on the list of terrorist organizations as the U.S. views it."

He said both Arabs and Muslims viewed Hezbollah as "the title for an honest, struggling and humanitarian resistance."

He blasted the United States for responding to Israel's wishes and including Hezbollah and the Palestinian groups of Hamas, Islamic Jihad and Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine in its new list of groups whose assets are to be frozen and thus accusing the Palestinians, who were "defending their existence and security" as being terrorists.

Nasrallah said the U.S. "is lying when it says that its war is not against Islam and the Muslims" while "it is engaged in a war against every Muslim who refuses to bow and kneel to the U.S."

He warned against providing any kind of assistance to the international coalition against terrorism and "those tyrants."

Copyright 2001 by United Press International. All rights reserved.

Excerpted: ENN DAILY INTELLIGENCE REPORT-Thursday, May 8, 1997 Vol. 3 - 128

By Steve Macko, ERRI Analyst

Officials say that the recent arrest of a Saudi Arabian national believed to be connected to a deadly terrorist attack in the Middle East in 1996 has given authorities a glimpse of what is said to be a largely hidden network of terrorists that use Canada to raise money, recruit members, provide a safe haven and plan additional terrorist attacks.

Many of the details of this operation remain secret, but official reports, court papers and transcripts of interviews with another individual accused of terrorism and deported in 1994 reveal what officials believe to be the pro-Iranian Hezbollah has established a presence in Canada.

It is the opinion of Canadian officials that Canada's open borders and its refugee policies make it easy for suspected terrorists to enter the country to hide or to find an easy way to get into the United States. The Saudi national, Hani Abdel Rahim al-Sayegh, is accused of belonging to Hezbollah and taking part in the 25 June 1996 terrorist bombing of a military complex in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, that killed 19 U.S. servicemen.

Court papers indicate that Canadian intelligence officers believe that Hezbollah members in Canada helped al-Sayegh find safe haven in the country last August.

Canadian intelligence learned a great deal about the workings of Hezbollah in Canada from a man accused of being a member who was deported from the country three years ago.

In a 1993 interview with agents of the Canadian Security Intelligence Service, Mohammed Hussein al-Husseini said, "Hezbollah has members in Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto, all of Canada." The man gave details of how Hezbollah conducts surveillance of important buildings in Canada, such as the CSIS' own regional headquarters in Montreal. He told the agents who were interviewing him: "If Hezbollah decided to get this building, it would get it."

The CSIS stated that it believed Hezbollah was prepared to order al-Husseini to commit an act of terrorism or violence in Canada or some other place. If Hezbollah did give such an order, al- Husseini would have carried it out.

During the Persian Gulf War in 1991, the CSIS was widely criticized for conducting investigations in Arab neighborhoods, where residents felt unjustly singled out because of their background.

The former chief of strategic planning at the CSIS and who is now a political risk analyst, David Harris, said, "The situation in Canada is somewhat confused by the multicultural aspect of Canada."

The United States, France and other countries with large ethnic populations have also had trouble investigating suspected terrorists without being accused of stereotyping minority groups. Harris says that it is shortsighted to allow sensitivity to get in the way of national security. He said, "The very fact that you've got a group of people here with the track record for violence that Hezbollah has should be of grave concern to Canadians."

In the U.S., officials say that there was at least one Hezbollah cell in Canada in 1993. U.S. intelligence said that at the time, the Canadian arm of Hezbollah was providing planning and logistical support for terrorist attacks, perhaps in North America.

The CSIS recently gave its view of the scope of terrorist activities in Canada in its annual report to Parliament. The intelligence service said in its report that was filed on 23 April: "Many of the world's terrorist group's have a presence in Canada."

The CSIS said that it believed that the terrorist groups use Canada for fund raising, safe haven and recruiting Canadian citizens in ethnic communities. They also provide "logistical support for terrorism outside of Canada" and are developing the potential for "terrorist actions in Canada."

The interviews with al-Husseini did help to illustrate how Hezbollah operates in Canada. CSIS agents suspected al-Husseini of being involved in the 1988 hijacking of a Kuwaiti airliner.

According to al-Husseini, Hezbollah is made up as "a military organizational and popular apparatus." He also said that "orders for these three units come from Iran, but final approval is obatined from Hazzan Nasrallah and Sayid Fadlallah," who are the political and religious leaders of Hezbollah." Al-Husseini added that the cells were involved in "security activities, that is, hostage taking and explosives."

Al-Husseini gave the CSIS the names of people in Montreal and Ottawa who he said were members of Hezbollah. He also said that the terrorist group had a security service that could "gather information even on its own members, who are scattered all over the world."

Hezbollah is said to be capable of conducting in-depth surveillance in Canada and has sent video back to Lebanon because, according to al-Husseini, "Hezbollah wants to collect information on Canada, on life in Canada, its roads and so on, in case there's a problem with Canada."

Even with all of this great information that was obtained from al-Husseini, the reliability of his information has come into question. When questioned about al-Husseini, Gaetan Bais, the CSIS spokesman, said that much of the information that was gathered in three interviews with al-Husseini was gathered to support the suspicion that he was a terrorist. Al-Husseini was deported back to Lebanon three years ago.

Canada really has not been a prime target for Middle East terrorists. However, the country has been the victim of a few incidents. In 1985, 329 people were killed when an Air India flight from Toronto exploded off the coast of Ireland. In 1982, a Turkish military attache was assassinated in Ottawa.

Before being arrested in March, al-Sayegh had arrived in Canada by way of Rome and Boston. he was kept under close surveillance for several months.

(c) Copyright, EmergencyNet NEWS Service, 1997. All Rights Reserved. Redistribution without permission of ENN is prohibited by law.

The ENN DAILY INTELLIGENCE REPORT is a subscription publication of the EmergencyNet NEWS Service, which is a part of the Chicago-based Emergency Response and Research Institute. This publication specializes in Security/Terrorism/Intelligence/Military and National Security issues.

Emergency Response and Research Institute
6348 N Milwaukee Ave, Suite 312, Chicago, Illinois 60646 USA
773-631-ERRI Voice/Voice Mail
773-631-4703 Fax
773-631-3467 Computer/Modem - EMERGENCY BBS
Internet e-mail: enn@emergency.com
WWW page:
Telnet: emergency.com

Israel retaliates for Hezbollah attack

April 14, 2001
Web posted at: 1:31 p.m. EDT (1731 GMT)

JERUSALEM (CNN) -- Israeli combat planes struck a pair of Hezbollah targets inside southern Lebanon on Saturday in response to heavy fire targeting the Israeli military near Shebaa Farms, the Israeli military said. One Israeli soldier was killed, Israeli military officials said.

Hezbollah acknowledged launching a missile into a disputed area at the foot of the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights.

"Our fighters today hit an Israeli tank inside a position they attacked in the occupied Shebaa Farms," said a report on a Hezbollah television station.    

Israel Defense Forces officials said their warplanes launched airstrikes in the border area and about a mile inside Lebanon.

Hezbollah said that Israeli soldiers fired back at their positions with artillery shells as well.

Israel occupied Shebaa Farms and the Golan Heights from Syria during the 1967 Arab-Israeli War. But Syria, Lebanon and Hezbollah say the area rightfully belongs to Lebanon and should have been part of Israel's withdrawal from southern Lebanon last May.

The United Nations agrees with Israel that the area is Syrian land under Israeli occupation.

Hezbollah, considered largely responsible for forcing Israel to withdraw from its so-called "security border" in southern Lebanon, has kept up the fight, seeking the return of Shebaa to Lebanon.

A Hezbollah attack on February 16 killed one soldier and wounded two others near the border, and guerrillas captured three Israeli soldiers in the Shebaa Farms in October.

CNN Producer Shira Medding contributed to this report.

Lebanon Won't Freeze Hezbollah Assets
Group Is a Resistance Movement, Not a Terrorist Organization, Many Arabs Say

By Howard Schneider
Washington Post Foreign Service
Friday, November 9, 2001; Page A21

CAIRO, Nov. 8 -- Lebanon today rejected U.S. requests that it freeze the assets of the militant Hezbollah organization, showing that a tricky diplomatic war awaits the United States if the anti-terrorism campaign expands from military strikes against the Taliban and Osama bin Laden to other movements labeled as terrorist.

In the eyes of Lebanese officials and many Arabs in Lebanon and elsewhere, Hezbollah is not a terrorist organization, despite its definition as such by the U.S. government. In Beirut and beyond, it is considered a national resistance movement whose guerrilla attacks forced Israel to end a two-decade occupation of the southern Lebanese countryside and which is still needed to recapture a final piece of Israeli-held land known as Shebaa Farms.

U.S. policy is based in part on a long memory of Hezbollah, particularly its role in the 1980s in kidnappings, plane hijackings and bombings of a U.S. Marine barracks and the U.S. Embassy in Beirut. But Lebanese Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri on Wednesday told U.S. Ambassador Vincent Battle that the country will stand by the group that made the Israelis leave Lebanese soil and that plays a prominent role in Lebanese political life.

"The Lebanese position is clear on this subject. It is a decisive position based on Arab and Islamic solidarity," Hariri said after a day in which he conferred with other top Lebanese leaders, made an unexpected trip to Damascus to consult with Syrian President Bashar Assad and met with Battle.

Hariri's cabinet formally committed to this policy in a statement today. "And we are not about to change this policy under any circumstances because it is based on national convictions," President Emile Lahoud added in a separate declaration.

"The Lebanese government will continue to insist on the distinction between resistance organizations and terrorist organizations," Battle said, adding that Lebanon and the United States seem to be headed for "quite difficult" conversations.

The open disagreement between the United States and Lebanon over the nature of Hezbollah reflects a broader problem that the U.S.-backed coalition against terrorism will face if it carries the fight beyond Afghanistan. While the initial phase of the campaign has garnered support from many countries and at least tolerance from Arab states, there is concern particularly among the Arab countries that it will end up turning into an assault on groups and organizations that oppose Israel.

In addition to Hezbollah, the Bush administration last week moved to freeze the assets of the Islamic Resistance Movement, known as Hamas; the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, a Damascus-based movement that recently acknowledged killing the Israeli tourism minister in retaliation for Israel's assassination of its leader; and other groups opposed to the peace terms accepted by the Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat.

These groups enjoy no small degree of sympathy in such countries as Lebanon and Syria, but also in Jordan and Egypt, which are close allies of the United States. Action against those organizations, considered by many Arabs as legitimate political movements fighting the Israeli occupation of Palestinian lands, would likely fracture the current coalition and further fuel anti-American sentiment in the region.

Even as Arab foreign ministers meeting in Damascus last weekend issued a strong condemnation of bin Laden, they also laid down a marker of sorts, with Farouk Charaa of Syria blasting the U.S. decision to put Hezbollah, the PFLP and others on a par with bin Laden's group, al Qaeda.

"It is a shame for any country in the world to see with its own eyes what Israel is doing and accuse those Palestinians or Lebanese who defend their land of terrorism," Charaa said at the meeting.

Of the individuals and organizations included on the list of terrorism targets so far, Hezbollah presents one of the trickiest diplomatic puzzles.

Its initial funding and inspiration came from the militant Shiite movement that toppled the shah of Iran in 1979. Its initial aims were to set up an Islamic government in Lebanon. In the last decade, however, Hezbollah's military activity focused on the Israeli occupation of southern Lebanon until Israel pulled back in June 2000. More recently, attacks have been limited to Israeli positions in the Shebaa Farms area, which Syria and Lebanon say is Lebanese territory despite a U.N. finding that Israel captured it from Syria in 1967.

The organization grew along other fronts as well, opening schools and health clinics, operating a television station and electing members to the Lebanese parliament. In many of its current activities, it is similar to other Lebanese sectarian organizations, including the Shiite Amal party of Nabih Berri, the speaker of parliament, that also maintain armed militia components but have not been included on the U.S. list of terrorists.

Battle indicated in comments yesterday after meeting Hariri that the United States is sensitive to the difficulties the Lebanese government faces over Hezbollah and hinted that, unlike the uncompromising action against al Qaeda and bin Laden, there may be room to maneuver.

Under the list published last week, the United States could freeze funds in any financial institutions that refuse to seize Hezbollah's assets, which could have a disastrous impact on Lebanon's financial ties to Europe and the West. But Battle said it would be a "very, very long and technical and difficult exercise" to freeze any assets.

Hezbollah officials, however, said they will not change their orientation. "The U.S. lists don't bother us in the slightest," a Hezbollah commander, Sheik Nabil Qaouk, was quoted as saying in Beirut's Daily Star newspaper. "When America accuses Hezbollah, we take it as proof of the credibility of our goals."

© 2001 The Washington Post Company

Hezbollah in North Carolina?
Feds: Charlotte Cell Aided Militants 
By Paul Nowell

The Associated Press
C H A R L O T T E, N.C., March 28, 2001 — A Hezbollah "cell" in Charlotte provided material support and resources, including cash and equipment, to the Islamic militant group Hezbollah, federal prosecutors alleged today.

An indictment handed down by a federal grand jury charged four people with conspiring to provide the Lebanon-based group with cash, night vision goggles, global positioning devices, mine detection equipment, cell phones and blasting equipment.

The indictment does not allege that they provided weapons.

"We hope to send a clear message that North Carolina, the United States and Canada are off-limits for illegal funding and procurement activities by individuals or organizations that support terrorism," said Chris Swecker, special agent in charge of the FBI's Charlotte office.

Last summer, the same grand jury indicted 18 people on charges of cigarette smuggling, money laundering and immigration violations. Six have pleaded guilty to immigration law violations and charges are pending against the remaining 12.

The indictment handed down Wednesday names six new defendants, none of whom is in custody. Three are accused of aiding Hezbollah and the other three face charges including cigarette smuggling and money laundering.

Profits from Cigarette Sales?

The three accused of helping Hezbollah were identified as Ali Adham Amhaz and Mohamad Hassan Dbouk, last reported to be living in Vancouver, and Hassan Hilu Laqis, whose last address was unknown.

The fourth man, Said Mohamad Harb, is among the group charged in July and has been held without bond in federal custody since then.

The government contends that Mohamad Youssef Hammoud, named in the original indictment, led a Charlotte-based group of Lebanese immigrants who bought cases of cigarettes in North Carolina, which has a low cigarette tax, and sold them at a profit in other states.

Prosecutors said the group diverted some of its profits to Hezbollah, a Lebanese-based faction that has been named by the U.S. State Department as a terrorist organization.

Today's indictment, which supercedes the one issued in July, means a total of 24 people have been named in 77 charges related to cigarette smuggling, immigration violations and aiding Hezbollah. 

 Copyright 2001 The Associated Press. All rights reserved

Hezbollah gets its way 
Why Lebanon isn't euphoric about the impending pullout of Israeli forces.
- - - - - - - - - - - -
By Flore de Preneuf 

May 13, 2000 | BEIRUT, Lebanon -- 

Israel has vowed to withdraw its troops from southern Lebanon in a few weeks, which will close a chapter
of violence and occupation that lasted for 22 exhausting years. But paradoxically, the prospect is causing more concern than euphoria in Beirut.

Only the Islamic guerrillas who have fought Israel to a standstill are poised to celebrate -- with extra gunfire -- as the Israeli soldiers pull out. The guerrilla group, known as Hezbollah ("The Party of God"), will be one of the few Arab military groups ever to succeed in forcing Israel to back down. In the past few days, Hezbollah has stacked three rocket launchers on a pedestal on the Mediterranean seafront here and draped the installation with a banner proclaiming loudly, "Resistance is the answer."

The guerrillas, backed by Syria and Iran, have tried the patience of the Israeli public by inflicting a steady hemorrhage of human losses on Israel since 1985, when Israel established a 9-mile-wide "security zone" in southern Lebanon. The painful casualties made Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak's electoral promise to pull out by July 7 a hugely popular pledge in Israel. At the same time, the war has earned Hezbollah patriotic credibility and political support in Lebanon.

Hezbollah propaganda aside, the Israeli withdrawal raises more questions in Lebanon than it answers. The dismantling of Israeli military outposts is only in its early stages, but already there are jitters in Lebanon. The change threatens to crumble a decade-old arrangement in which Syria ensured Lebanon's stability and Lebanon was hostage to Syrian interests.

In editorials and student demonstrations in April, the Lebanese started to challenge the overbearing presence of Syria in their country. Some 35,000 Syrian troops, ubiquitous spies and interference in domestic affairs have made Syria the de facto ruler of the area since the end of the Lebanese civil war in 1990.

The students -- mostly Christian supporters of exiled Lebanese Gen. Michel Aoun -- have vocally equated Syrian occupation with Israeli occupation and called for the end of both. The Lebanese army (loyal to Syria) crushed recent demonstrations in which 14 students were injured and several arrests were made. Some fear the crackdown could lead Lebanon into a new round of sectarian violence.

Given all that, "people aren't sure how they should respond to Israel's withdrawal," said Michael Young, a political analyst at the Lebanese Center for Policy Studies in Beirut. "On the one hand, people hope the situation in the south will be neutralized after the pullout," he said. "On the other, people fear Syria will attempt to create violence." Violence would help Syria preserve the status quo in Lebanon and maintain some leverage against Israel in its bid to recover the Golan Heights.

Indeed, the guerrilla war waged by Hezbollah against Israel in southern Lebanon has been at the heart of Syria's strategy to reclaim the Golan Heights, a strategic wind-swept plateau that overlooks the Sea of Galilee and has been under Israeli control since 1967.

Syria's calculation was that Hezbollah would bleed Israel until it agreed to give back the Golan Heights in exchange for peace on its northern border. Israel also envisioned a withdrawal from Lebanon within the framework of a peace agreement with Syria. But that plan fell apart in March when Israel and Syria failed to agree on the borders of the Golan. Barak then announced that he would stick to his electoral promise and withdraw his troops from Lebanon anyway.

"The contingency plan became the plan," said Gebran Tueni, publisher of Lebanon's biggest daily, An Nahar. Analysts now speculate that Syrian President Hafez Assad will scramble for ways to sabotage the unilateral Israeli withdrawal and keep pressure on Israel to hand back the Golan. "For the first time the Syrians are reacting and not acting," said Tueni.

Assad has showed in the past few weeks that he may be willing and able to keep up the pressure. One way of achieving this is to question the comprehensiveness of the Israeli withdrawal and to challenge the new border being drawn by United Nations cartographers. Shebaa Farms, for example, a fertile patch of land near the ill-defined border between the Golan and Lebanon, cropped up seemingly out of nowhere last week, all groomed to become an apple of discord in diplomatic talks. (The Lebanese claim the farms are theirs, although U.N. maps place them south of the border.)

A more likely scenario for post-withdrawal mayhem, according to analysts, has Syria hiring new proxies capable of making Israeli lives unpleasant across the fence. Some expect that Hezbollah will decide to rest on its laurels and concentrate on politics after an Israeli withdrawal. But Lebanon shelters plenty of other groups that could easily be persuaded to play Syria's game: hawkish Palestinian refugees stuck in miserable dead-end camps in southern Lebanon, a multitude of semiclandestine Islamic organizations, even freelance terrorists. "All you need is someone lobbing the periodic Katyusha [hand-held Soviet-made rockets] into Israel," noted one analyst. "It's a perfectly credible line of threat."

After intense lobbying by Egypt and Saudi Arabia, the Syrians accepted last week the idea of giving the U.N. Interim Forces in Lebanon a beefed-up role in policing southern Lebanon after an Israeli withdrawal. But few analysts predict UNIFIL -- a contingent of foreign "peacekeeping" troops that has been in Lebanon since the outbreak of the civil war -- will be capable of protecting Israel's border.

Israel has warned Syria that it will retaliate harshly against any attacks and put the blame squarely on Syria's doorstep. "I don't recommend that anyone, directly or indirectly, try to attack Israel, its residents or its army after we withdraw," Barak told Israeli Army Radio on Monday. "Anyone who tries to harm us will get what he deserves."

When the Israeli air force bombed two Lebanese electricity plants on May 4, after Hezbollah had killed an Israeli soldier, the Lebanese were infuriated. The strikes, which caused power cuts and costly physical damage, gave the Lebanese the feeling that, once again, they were being asked to pay the price for unfinished business between Syria and Israel.

The threat of similar retaliatory attacks on Lebanese infrastructure after the Israelis leave partially explains the noticeable lack of enthusiasm on the eve of the pullout. That threat also fuels the current resurgence of anti-Syrian sentiment here. Although few of Lebanon's problems would be solved if Syrian troops marched home tomorrow, the Lebanese blame their Arab Big Brother for keeping them in a state of war.

"When foreign powers want to wage war, they do it in our country," complained a student at Christian St. Joseph University in Beirut, who was active in the anti-Syrian demonstrations in April. "We've been at war for 25 years although Lebanon has no weapons industry. We pay for all the Arabs."

But the grumbling can only go so far. "Everything we do now can be exploited as a possible point for Israel," said Tueni, who penned a groundbreaking anti-Syrian editorial in March but urged the students to keep a low profile in April. "We must wait until after July," he said in an interview. If Christian students demonstrate in the streets, the Syrians can bring out thousands of loyal Muslims -- and that will "bring back the kind of sectarian conflict that served as a pretext for the Syrian presence in Lebanon in the first place," he said.
salon.com | May 13, 2000

Hezbollah puts pressure on Arafat


Thursday 1 June 2000

Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat has warned he is under intense pressure to abandon negotiations and emulate the Hezbollah, which forced the Israeli army to make a hasty retreat from southern Lebanon.

Mr Arafat said many of his supporters now believed the guerrilla fighters in the militant Islamic group, Hezbollah (Party of God), had demonstrated that the best way to deal with Israel was through the barrel of a gun. He said many Palestinians had lost hope that talks with Israel would achieve results.

"The peace process has stopped completely," Mr Arafat said, despite the fact that talks between Israel and the Palestinians were meant to resume last night, at a secret venue in the Middle East. His remarks also came on the eve of the summit in Berlin today between United States President Bill Clinton and Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, who are expected to discuss the prospects for a renewal of peace talks with Syria after Israel's withdrawal from Lebanon, as well as the Israeli-Palestinian peace talks.

Mr Clinton had been hoping to broker a comprehensive peace in the Middle East before leaving office later this year. But Mr Arafat said there was little reason to be optimistic in the near future about Israel and the Palestinians striking a deal.

In a meeting in the West Bank town of Ramallah with Israeli Environment Minister Dalia Itzik, Mr Arafat said: "We've reached an impasse." He did not believe that the two sides were close to reaching even a framework for a peace treaty which, according to their own timetable, should be ready for signing by September.

During his meeting with Mrs Itzik, Mr Arafat said: "You have to understand what sort of pressure is being placed on me by the public. My public perceives Hezbollah to be heroes who succeeded in getting the Israel Defence Forces out of Lebanon and believe that that is the route we should take as well."

Mr Arafat stressed that he was also under pressure from the Arab world to follow Hezbollah's example. "My situation is not simple, the pressure being applied on me is coming from every direction," he said. "The Palestinian people want to see results in terms of the release of prisoners. In practice they see that nothing is moving."

Similar concerns are being voiced by Israeli Cabinet ministers. "Nothing is moving and, if things continue this way, we will reach an uncontrollable, very dangerous explosion that will be nothing like what happened in the territories two weeks ago," one Israeli Cabinet minister, who declined to be identified, told the Hebrew daily newspaper Ma'ariv. "The Palestinian streets will erupt and that is liable to lead to a huge catastrophe."

Mr Arafat also said he was disappointed to find that the election last year of Mr Barak as Israel's Prime Minister had not brought more hope. He lamented the loss of Yitzhak Rabin, the Israeli prime minister assassinated in 1995.

Mr Arafat said Mr Rabin was a tough negotiator but also a man who honored his word. "With him, a fight was a fight, and spat was a spat, a date was a date and a word was a word," he said.

From: http://world.std.com/~camera/docs/oncamera/ochezb.html

June 16, 2000

by Andrea Levin

Whitewashing Hezbullah

The recent withdrawal of Israel from Southern Lebanon in the face of a long and grinding conflict there with Hezbollah prompted a familiar media phenomenon. A number of journalists rushed to put a friendly face on the Iranian-funded, Syrian-coordinated group, passing over its record of bloodletting and focusing on Hezbollah’s work as a social service operation.

Under the almost lyrical headline “Helping Hand of Hezbollah Emerging in South Lebanon,” (May 31, 2000), New York Times reporter Susan Sachs led the way, recounting the quasi-governmental activity of the Islamic organization, including its provision of medical care, home reconstruction, fresh water and insecticide-spraying. In addition, Sachs’ only reference to Sheik Hassan Nasrallah, the group’s general secretary who regularly calls for Israel’s destruction, is mention of his respectful attitude toward Lebanese officials and the outpouring of affection for him.

Though Sachs admits that Hezbollah is “still considered by the United States and other nations to be a terrorist group that bombed embassies and kidnaped Westerners in the 1980's” the reporter is misleading about the chronology of carnage. Hezbollah did, indeed, specialize in deadly bombings in the 1980's, including two in Beirut on the same day in 1983 that killed 241 American marines and 56 French servicemen sleeping in their respective barracks.

But, contrary to Sachs, the bloodshed continued into the 1990's with multiple bombings in Argentina of Israeli and Jewish community facilities, one in March 1992 that killed 29 and another in July 1994 that killed 96. At the time this last event occurred it was one of the worst terrorist attacks ever in the Western hemisphere. (Notably, the New York Times did not report the 1994 Buenos Aires bombing on its front page.) Hezbollah is also credited with blowing a Panamanian airplane out of the sky the same year killing 21 people. None of the perpetrators of these crimes have been brought to justice.

National Public Radio eagerly picked up the New York Times’ theme of a rehabilitated Hezbollah in its national call-in program, “Talk of the Nation.” Breathlessly, Jerusalem correspondent Jennifer Ludden reported: “...there is incredible [Lebanese] public support for Hezbollah, especially at this point in time. In recent years, a wide range of Lebanese, not just Shiite Muslims but also Sunni Muslims and Christian Lebanese, have come to very much appreciate these guerilla fighters putting their lives on the line. The organization has had – under the leadership of Sheik Hassan Nasrallah – it has transformed away from kidnapings and bombings that really marked it in the 1980's (sic), and I think the Lebanese government does not provide social services across the board as much as people would like. Hezbollah has been filling a lot of gaps.”

When Ludden was asked by the program host whether Hezbollah now accepts Israel’s “right to exist” she giggled slightly and responded, “Mmm. Well, they stopped at the border. I think that, again, they have been very, very cagey. You know, again, some of the foot soldiers will talk about liberating Jerusalem, but I don’t think that the leaders see this as a realistic goal.”

These are some of the many “cagey” statements of Sheik Nasrallah: In a January speech he said, “When we speak about Jerusalem we don’t want anyone to misunderstand. We do not mean East Jerusalem. We do not mean the Holy Jerusalem...We do not mean Jerusalem, the city. When we say Jerusalem, we speak of it as a symbol of all Palestine and the entire nation that is under assault by the scheme of global arrogance and Zionism that throughout the past 50 years has been implemented on our land. ... Israel is a cancerous, usurping entity without legitimacy or legal character.”

On June 2nd in a speech broadcast via telephone to a Palestinian rally in Gaza, Nasrallah called on the Palestinians to “fight the Zionists with stones, daggers, knives and bombs, expel them from the land, and make them return to whence they came...” He urged Palestinians to undertake suicide bombings such as the one perpetrated at Beit Lid in Israel where 22 young Israelis were murdered. In this particularly savage attack, bombs exploded at timed intervals in order to kill those who rushed to help the first victims.

When a caller to the NPR talk show challenged Ludden’s praise for Hezbollah, noting that the group’s website contains language calling for Israel’s elimination, the reporter responded, “I haven’t logged onto the Internet site recently.”

At the same time Sachs and Ludden were deceptive about Hezbollah, special credit is due Ray Suarez and Martin Himel for sound and balanced coverage of recent Lebanon events on the Public Broadcasting Service’s NewsHour. In a May 26th segment, the program gave a clear sense of the aims of Hezbollah and the challenges faced by Israel, reviewing key history and current concerns. The broadcast served as a welcome reminder of what journalism can and should be.

Home|On CAMERA Index

Andrea Levin is Executive Director and President of CAMERA - PO Box 428, Boston, MA, 02456.

Copyright © 2000 by the Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America. All rights reserved. This column may be reprinted without prior permission.





- - - - - - - - - - - -

About the writer
Flore de Preneuf is a freelance journalist and photographer who covers the Middle East.

From: http://www.meib.org/articles/0112_l1.htm

A monthly publication of the United States Committee for a Free Lebanon

Has American Pressure Sidelined Hezbollah?
by Gary C. Gambill

According to the Lebanese daily Al-Nahar, earlier this month the Lebanese Shi'ite Islamist movement Hezbollah agreed to suspend its war against Israeli forces in the disputed Shebaa Farms enclave.1 However, neither the Lebanese nor Syrian governments have publicly confirmed the deal (according to Al-Nahar, the lack of publicity was one of Hezbollah's preconditions) and Hezbollah Secretary-General Hassan Nasrallah has repeatedly declared in recent weeks that no halt to the violence would be forthcoming.

Nevertheless, it appears that the unprecedented level of American pressure on Damascus and Beirut to rein in Hezbollah over the last two months may have produced results - Hezbollah has not launched an attack against Israeli forces since October 22.

Demise of the Quid Pro Quo

In the immediate aftermath of September 11, the Bush administration excluded Hezbollah, along with Syrian-backed Palestinian groups, from its war on terror in order to secure the backing of Arab states. However, from the very beginning, American officials were concerned that Hezbollah's sporadic attacks against Israeli forces in the Shebaa Farms area, which had provoked Israeli retaliation against Syrian forces in Lebanon twice before this year, could undermine Arab cooperation in the war on terror by inflaming anti-Israeli sentiments in the Middle East. Thus, the United States offered the Lebanese government and its Syrian patron a quid pro quo: the US would not demand that Lebanon deploy troops to the border area or freeze the group's assets as long as Damascus and Beirut ensure that the group does not launch any additional attacks against Israeli forces.

For the first month after September 11, the American anti-terror campaign was strictly limited to the al-Qa'ida terror network. A September 24 executive order threatened sanctions against states or financial institution that do business with 27 groups and individuals tied to bin Laden. Although Hezbollah was included in the State Department's update of its list of foreign terrorist organizations on October 5, this merely confirmed an existing designation and carried with it no explicit threat of sanctions.2 On October 12, the Bush administration released an additional list of 39 individuals, which included the former head of Hezbollah's special overseas operations, Imad Mughniyah, and two other Lebanese nationals, but no members of the group's current leadership were mentioned.

Moreover, whereas American officials periodically raised the issue of Syrian-backed Palestinian groups, there was virtually no criticism of Hezbollah by US diplomats in Lebanon. The American ambassador in Beirut, Vincent Battle, was even reported by one Lebanese newspaper to have told guests at a recent dinner that Hezbollah has nothing to do with the terrorism that the US is combatting.3 In fact, when one Lebanese newspaper erroneously reported that American officials had demanded that the Lebanese government freeze the assets of a list of individuals that included Hezbollah Secretary-General Hassan Nasrallah and his predecessor, Sobhi Toufaili,4 Battle issued a heated denial. "They are not included on the list," he told reporters on October 19. "I won't say anything more about the lists ever again."5

The quid pro quo nearly fell apart when Hezbollah launched a mortar attack on Israeli outposts on October 3 - its first operation in three months. However, the attack did not cause any injuries or structural damage (in fact, Lebanese press reports suggested that it was deliberately intended not to do so), and American officials were apparently persuaded by Lebanese officials that the operation was merely a symbolic response to several days of Israeli violations of Lebanese airspace.

On October 22, however, Hezbollah launched a second attack on Israeli forces in the Shebaa Farms area, this time causing considerable structural damage. More importantly, shortly after the attack Hassan Nasrallah declared that more attacks would be coming and Syrian Foreign Minister Farouq al-Shara publicly defended the operation.

Immediately after the attack, Battle contacted President Emile Lahoud and Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri to issue what one Lebanese official described as "a strongly worded message that sounded like a warning."10 In Washington, President Bush reportedly called Hezbollah a terrorist group of "global reach" for the first time during a meeting with Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres.6

The Gloves Come Off

Over the next two months, the United States steadily escalated pressure on the Lebanese government to act decisively to rein in Hezbollah. On November 3, the Bush administration added Hezbollah to its September 24 list of terrorist organizations - raising for the first time the threat of sanctions against states and international financial institutions that decline to freeze its assets. "The new executive order gave us more authority to act against individuals, against organizations that are associated with these terrorist groups, and against banks that facilitate the flow of funds for them," said US State Department spokesman Richard Boucher.

However, Lebanese officials defiantly rejected US demands that they freeze Hezbollah's assets in the country. "The country will not follow the United States in freezing Hezbollah's assets because it views the group as a resistance movement and not a terrorist organization," said Finance Minister Fouad Siniora on November 6. "We stress that those who are trying to liberate their lands are merely practicing resistance," he added. Information Minister Ghazi Aridi called the classification "another useless attempt by the Americans to curb anti-Israeli resistance."7 Meanwhile, Lebanese Foreign Minister Mahmoud Hammoud joined his Syrian counterpart in canceling plans to attend a UN General Assembly session in New York.

In the weeks that followed, the US escalated the pressure. On November 11, US National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice stated that Lebanon's lack of cooperation in the war on terror could jeopardize its "integration into the world economy" and put its economic "survival" at risk in an interview on ABC. The Lebanese press subsequently reported threats by the US to cut the $35 million in economic aid it provides to Lebanon each year and to block Lebanon's attempts to organize an international donor meeting to bail out the country's moribund economy (the Paris II conference has been repeatedly postponed due to lack of interest).

  Since mid-November, Lebanes President Emile Lahoud and other officials have focused their diplomatic efforts on disputing the Bush administration's contention that Hezbollah is a terrorist group with "global reach," emphasizing that its activities are confined to Lebanon.

However, in a December 9 interview broadcast by the Lebanese Broadcasting Corporation International (LBCI), Ambassador Battle reiterated that "Hezbollah is on the US list of terrorist organizations because it is a group that carries out terrorist acts and is capable of staging them [with] vast global reach." In an unusually direct affront to the Lebanese president, he added that Lahoud's claim that the group's activities are confined to Lebanon was "incorrect in light of the data available to the US administration" and "did not convince the American government." He pointed specifically to the fact that Hezbollah has trained members of the Palestinian Islamist groups Hamas and Islamic Jihad - both of which are classified as terrorist groups by the Bush administration - and said that he had raised the issue of "Hezbollah's activities that transcend Lebanon" with Lahoud.

Later in the interview, Battle dropped a second bombshell indicating that he had received new instructions from Washington. "The Shebaa Farms are not Lebanese," said Battle, referring to the disputed enclave where Hezbollah has concentrated its attacks against Israeli forces. "They are simply an alibi."

Lebanese officials were stunned by Battle's unprecedented remarks, but played them down publicly. The following day, Lahoud said only that "Hezbollah has no activities that go beyond resisting Israel in the framework of the Arab-Israeli conflict" - a carefully-worded statement that did not actually dispute Battle's allegations (e.g. training Palestinian fighters could be said to be within the bounds of "resistance" to Israel).

Not surprisingly, Hezbollah officials and members of its parliamentary bloc condemned the ambassador's remarks. Deputy Secretary-General Naim Qassem called Battle statements "disrespectful and offensive," MP Muhammad Raad called them "Israeli-inspired blackmail," while MP Ibrahim Bayan declared that the Lebanese government "should expel the American ambassador." Interestingly, however, Nasrallah stopped short of calling for Battle's expulsion. The Hezbollah leader challenged the US ambassador to provide evidence that Hezbollah's activities go beyond resistance to Israel - a sleight of hand (Battle said that the group's activities go beyond Lebanon, not beyond resistance to Israel) intended to reframe the issue of what the US finds unacceptable - rather than categorically denouncing him.

After meeting with Lahoud in Beirut on December 14, US Assistant Secretary of State William Burns struck a conciliatory tone and carefully explained that the US objects to particular policies of Hezbollah, not the movement itself. "We do first recognize that Hezbollah has a number of different dimensions, as a political party, as a social welfare organization," said Burns, " but the United States continues to be concerned about terrorist activities that go well beyond . . . the borders of this country."

This did not elicit expressions of moderation from Hezbollah, however. That same afternoon, speaking before thousands of supporters during the Jerusalem Day rally in the Shi'ite southern suburbs of Beirut, Nasrallah declared that "suicide bombings are the only way to defeat the Zionists" and explicitly endorsed the killing of Israeli citizens. "Pay no attention to those who say there are civilians and soldiers in Israel," he said, "they are all occupiers and invaders, partners in crimes and massacres."

Shortly thereafter, US Ambassador Vincent Battle asked Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri to officially disavow Nasrallah's proclamation. The prime minister subsequently remarked, "Lebanon's position is clear. It was transparent in the April Accords [signed after Israel's 1996 Grapes of Wrath campaign] that both sides should stage no attacks on civilians on both sides of the frontier," but this statement was merely a reiteration of his government's acceptance of a US-brokered quid pro quo in south Lebanon, not a categorical rejection of violence against civilians.

The British EU Initiative

Amid this escalating war of words, the US backed a British initiative to thwart Lebanon's goal of entering the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership Agreement, which would establish a free-trade zone on both sides of the Mediterranean by 2010. From an economic standpoint, relations with the European Union are much more important than relation with the United States. Over 80% of Lebanon's annual imports are from EU member countries, while its comparatively meager exports to the EU exceed those to the US. Moreover, the EU provides about one-third of economic aid received by Lebanon and accounts for more foreign investment than the United States. Although the association agreement would not have a direct short-term impact on the Lebanese economy, it would have a potentially enormous indirect effect by boosting investor confidence in Lebanon.

The association agreement was originally scheduled to be signed in early December. However, on November 30 the British demanded that the agreement include an explicit Lebanese commitment to combat terrorism during a meeting of senior EU officials in Brussels. After London officially submitted the demand on December 7, the EU delegate to Beirut, Patrick Renauld, announced that a new clause in the accord would stipulate that Lebanon "agree to cooperate with a view to preventing and repressing terrorist acts within the framework of [UN Security Council] Resolution 1373." According to Renauld, the anti-terror clause was "identical" to those included in EU association agreements with Algeria and Egypt and had "nothing to do with American demands regarding Hezbollah."8

While Hezbollah is currently not recognized by the UN as a terrorist organization, Lebanese officials feared that this could change in the future and prevent implementation of the association agreement. However, France, which has long refused to condemn Hezbollah operations against Israel, remained opposed to the clause. The next day, Prime Minister Hariri flew to Paris and met with French President Jacques Chirac to negotiate an alternative acceptable to the British. The French subsequently proposed a compromise whereby Lebanon will sign a separate letter to the EU secretariat pledging to combat terrorism.

On December 12, British Ambassador to Lebanon Richard Kinchen met with Hezbollah Secretary-General Hassan Nasrallah in Haret Hreik, the first time a senior British diplomat has met with a leader of the group. After the meeting, Kinchen remarked that "there is still a cell or group [within Hezbollah] which is terrorist according to British law" and that continuing Hezbollah attacks against Israeli forces across the UN-drawn blue line go "beyond any claim to be resisting foreign occupation of Lebanese territory."

After Kinchen's meeting with Nasrallah, Britain tentatively accepted the compromise. Later that day, the French ambassador in Beirut announced that the agreement will be initialed in Brussels on December 20, but not actually signed, citing "technicalities involving the drafting of the texts." However, just days later, Lebanese officials announced that the initialing of the text had been postponed until January 10 due to a scheduling conflict.

While it is not yet clear why the initialing was postponed, it is possible that the Syrians did not want the Lebanese government to sign a letter to the EU committing to fight terrorism until after the EU had released its list of designated individuals and groups linked to terrorism later in the month.

These concerns would have been warranted, as Britain was lobbying for the inclusion of Hezbollah's "external security organization" (the "cell or group" within Hezbollah to which Kinchen referred) on the list. In fact, on December 27, the Associated Press, citing an advance copy of the list it had received from EU sources, reported that Hezbollah's "external security organization" was on the list. But when the EU released its list of "persons, groups and entities involved in terrorist acts" the next day, it conspicuously excluded Hezbollah, even though two Palestinian groups (Islamic Jihad and Izzedine al-Qassam, the military wing of Hamas) were included.

Lebanese officials were ecstatic. "This shows that the position of Lebanon, which makes a distinction between resistance and terrorism, has been understood," said Foreign Minister Mahmoud Hammoud the following day. However, it is likely that the last minute exclusion of Hezbollah resulted from some sort of understanding between the EU, the Lebanese and Syrian governments, and Hezbollah to suspend attacks on the Shebaa Farms, at least temporarily.

Whether Hezbollah would abide by such an understanding remains to be seen. Whereas the group largely abided by the terms of the April 1996 agreement, which banned attacks on civilians by Israel and Hezbollah, the comparison is misleading - the April 1996 accord was openly endorsed by both Damascus and Beirut. Since neither has publicly committed to a cease-fire against Israeli forces in the Shebaa Farms, the Lebanese and Syrian governments have not staked their credibility on its observance and Hezbollah has no face-saving justification for continued inaction.

For the time being, at least, the Lebanese regime is likely to rein in Hezbollah out of pure self interest. Prime Minister Hariri is making a concerted effort to drum up international support for holding the Paris II donor conference in February or March. Until then, both he and the Syrians know that the United States can and will derail the conference if the border with Israel heats up.


  1 Al-Nahar (Beirut), 29 December 2001.
  2 This list, compiled every two years, was virtually unchanged from the one issued in 1999. US citizens are prohibited from providing assistance to organizations on this list and American banks are required to freeze their assets.
  3 Al-Anwar (Beirut), 25 October 2001.
  4 Al-Safir (Beirut), 18 October 2001.
  5 The Daily Star (Beirut), 19 October 2001.
  6 The Jerusalem Post, 24 October 2001.
  7 The Daily Star (Beirut), 7 November 2001.
  8 Agence France Press, 7 December 2001 and 9 December 2001.

© 2001 Middle East Intelligence Bulletin. All rights reserved.

Hezbollah Warns Of Wider Conflict
Lebanese Government, Hezbollah Agree on Cooperation  

BEIRUT, July 17 (Xinhuanet) -- Lebanese resistance guerrilla group Hezbollah has agreed not to harm the government's economic recovery plan as long as the government promises not to interfere in its  resistance against Israel, local media reported on Tuesday.

After a meeting with Prime Minister Rafik Hariri at weekend, Hezbollah, or Party of God, said that the two sides have reached an understanding on future cooperation.

A senior Hezbollah official said that the group would not mess  with the government's economic plans while the government will not  interfere in the resistance in any form.

 According to the agreement, any disagreement between the two  sides in the future will be dealt with through direct dialog and  will not be exposed to the press.    "There should be no  disagreement over the resistance or strategic relations with  Syria," the official said. 

In addition, Hariri will meet with Hezbollah officials to solve  differences on social and economic issues in the coming days.

Hezbollah spearheaded resistance before Israel withdrew from  south Lebanon in May 2000. It vows to continue fighting against  Israel as long as the Jewish state occupies the Shebaa Farms, which Lebanon and Syria say belong to Lebanon.

But Israel says that it occupied the farms area in the 1967  Middle East War and the issue should be resolved in its future  negotiations with Syria. 

 The pro-Hariri newspaper, Al Mustaqbal, has criticized Hezbollah for what it called "ill-timed" operation against Israel, saying  that it "might undermine the government's efforts to draw foreign  investment." 

Last week, Hezbollah Secretary General Hassan Nasrallah said  that the group is willing to extend "a hand of cooperation" to the  government and has no intention to topple Hariri's government.
Lebanon: 'Limits' on Hezbollah

BEIRUT, Lebanon -- Lebanese President Emile Lahoud has promised to place restrictions on the activities of the Islamic extremist Hezbollah group, according to a visiting U.S. congressman Sunday.

Rep. Darrell Issa, R-Calif., told reporters in the Lebanese capital Beirut that Lahoud "has conveyed a strong message of limitation on the reach of Hezbollah which I will take back to our State Department."

Hezbollah is on the list of foreign terrorist organizations which is published by the U.S. State Department. The United States believes it was behind the 1983 suicide bombing of the U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut, which killed 241 people, and the bombing of its embassy there. But it is a legal political party in Lebanon, with representatives in parliament and a network of social service operations.

Issa, who was among a four-member Congress delegation on a tour in the region, reminded reporters of President George W. Bush's declaration of war against "terrorist groups with global reach."

He added that Lebanon -- which says that Hezbollah is a legitimate resistance organization, not a terror group -- had given assurances that it would ensure the group's activities were localized in nature.

Issa said the congressional delegation would hold meetings back at the State Department and on Capitol Hill.

He said the delegation had "substantial meetings" in Beirut and Damascus where they met with Syrian President Bashar Assad on Saturday and that leaders in both countries showed "willingness to enforce restrictions against any organization" that was involved in "terrorism with global reach."

"I believe that discussions here and in Syria will lead to these limitations," Issa told reporters after meeting with Lebanese Prime Minister Rafic Hariri. "Lebanon like any other country has to do what it can as quickly as it can and as well as it can."

He said leaders in the region were dedicated to the war against terrorism and may even be helping more than the Americans would expect in that war.

In a statement released after the meeting, President Lahoud called on the U.S. to have "an objective vision" for solving world crises, especially the Arab-Israeli conflict, following the war on Afghanistan.

Lahoud reiterated condemnation of terrorism but noted again that it should not be linked to legitimate resistance.

Lebanon has refused to freeze the group's assets as requested by Washington.

In Damascus Saturday, Congressman Issa called on the Lebanese government to engage in dialogue with Washington over reforms needed to be undertaken by Hezbollah so that it would be removed from the U.S. terrorist list.

Hezbollah, which forced Israeli troops to pull out of south Lebanon last year after 22 years of occupation, pledged to continue fighting until Israel also relinquishes the disputed border area of the Shabaa farms.

Copyright 2001 by United Press International. All rights reserved.

Osama bin Laden and the Hezbollah - (c) 2001 by Linda Moulton Howe

Hezbollah threatens Haifa

Smoke rises from Beirut international airport after it was hit by Israeli warplanes today.
Photo: Reuters

July 13, 2006 - 10:00PM
Page 1 of 3 | Single page

Hezbollah guerillas threatened today to attack the major Israeli port city of Haifa and its surroundings with rockets if Israel strikes the Lebanese capital Beirut and its southern suburbs.

Such a strike would be the deepest ever into Israel by Hezbollah guerillas, who fired volleys of rockets against towns of northern Israel during the past day.

It was not clear if Hezbollah rockets have the range to hit Haifa, located about 30 kilometres south of the border.

The Israeli army said several Hezbollah rockets overnight had landed more than 20 kilometres south of the border, showing that Hezbollah has managed to extend its missiles' range.

"The Islamic resistance warns against targeting civilians and the infrastructure," a statement read on Hezbollah TV said.

"It [resistance] specifically announces that it will quickly shell the city of Haifa and nearby areas if the southern suburbs and the city of Beirut are subjected to any direct Israeli aggression," the statement said.

Earlier today, the Israeli army warned Lebanon to evacuate all residents from a southern Beirut neighbourhood where it believes Hezbollah leader Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah lives, Israeli media reported.

"We have we passed on a warning to Lebanon to evacuate all civilians from the [southern] neighbourhood of Beirut, which is a Hezbollah stronghold and where Nasrallah lives, and where the organisation's headquarters and weapons stockpiles are," the Ma'ariv NRG news website quoted a senior army official as saying.

Israel Radio carried a similar report.

The army said it had no comment on whether Nasrallah was a target for assassination.

An Israeli helicopter gunship killed Nasrallah's predecessor, Sheik Abbas al-Mousawi, in 1992.

Rockets fired at northern Israeli town of Safed

Lebanese guerillas fired three rockets at the northern Israeli town of Safed today and seven people were injured, one seriously, witnesses and medics said.

The rockets hit an immigrants' absorption centre and a college. Another rocket fell near a gas station.

Safed had not been targeted by rockets since the 1990s.

Israel bombs Beirut airport

Israel today bombed Beirut's international airport and enforced a naval blockade of Lebanon, a day after Hezbollah captured two Israeli soldiers and killed eight.

Israel's heaviest air campaign against Lebanon in 24 years smashed the airport's runways and also targeted Hezbollah television.

Hezbollah, or Party of God, is an informal umbrella group of Shiite Muslim ... HEZBOLLAH is an Islamic struggle movement. Its emergence is based on an ...
www.greatdreams.com/hezbollah.htm - 106k - Cached - Similar pages

But neither Hezbollah [sic] nor Hamas were targeting Americans, he writes. ... Hezbollah in Lebanon, Hamas and Islamic Jihad in Israel, the Osama bin Laden ...
www.greatdreams.com/hamas_database.htm - 21k - Cached - Similar pages

This religious and ideological tie between Hezbollah and Iran following the ... NEW YORK Israel said Sunday that Iran had supplied Hezbollah militants in . ...
www.greatdreams.com/iran_database.htm - 135k - Cached - Similar pages

The CSIS stated that it believed Hezbollah was prepared to order al-Husseini to commit an act of terrorism or violence in Canada or some other place. ... ...
www.greatdreams.com/terrorism_database.htm - 146k - Cached - Similar pages

President George W. Bush, has included the Hezbollah as a terrorist group which he wants destroyed. ... http://www.greatdreams.com/hezbollah.htm ...
www.greatdreams.com/political/lady-grey.htm -


Israel's animosity toward Iran stems not only from the Iranian leadership's anti-Israel statements, but also its support of armed groups like Hezbollah and ...

The Hezbollah are stationed in Lebanon, Syria and Iran Will the MidEast War ... ... Hezbollah's more than 5000 members, subsidized and trained by Iran, ...

... off contracts with rogue nations like Iran, which funds the terror groups Hezbollah and Hamas and is suspected of giving sanctuary to Al Qaeda leaders." ...

A group called Saudi Hezbollah claims responsibility. Eventually, the Clinton administration drops the investigation because it does not want to upset ...

RULE 2002
Just this past week Hezbollah leader Sheik Hassan Nasrallah exhorted his ... He cited the Lebanese guerrilla group Hezbollah, which battled Israeli troops ...
It was Tehran that had funded and directed Hezbollah since its inception. ... President George W. Bush, has included the Hezbollah as a terrorist group ...
Homeland Security ???? You Are a Suspect You Are a Suspect 11/14 ...
Hezbollah Proud to Be on Terror List. NewsMax.com Wires Sunday, November 4, 2001 ... It was the deadliest Mideast terror attack in five years. ... ...
Israel said that the missiles might end up in the hands of Lebanese Hezbollah guerrillas Hezbollah, which is close to Syria , fought an 18-year guerrilla ...

HEZBOLLAH This religious and ideological tie between Hezbollah and Iran ... NEW YORK Israel said Sunday that Iran had supplied Hezbollah militants in ... ...