compiled by Dee Finney

updated 1-19-07

INCOMING COMET 2006  (October 28, 2006)

Space Weather News for Jan. 11, 2006

FIREBALL ALERT: On Sunday morning, Jan. 15th, between approximately 1:56 and 1:59 a.m. PST (0956 - 0959 UT), 
a brilliant fireball will streak over northern California and Nevada. It's NASA's Stardust capsule, 
returning to Earth with samples of dust from Comet Wild 2. 
Observers along the flight path should have a marvelous view of this rare man-made meteor.  
Radio signals reflected from the capsule's ionized tail may be heard 
from a much wider area--hundreds to thousands of miles away.
See below for results:

SOHO comet 750 seen by LASCO C2
6 April 2004
On 22 March 2004, the ESA/NASA SOHO solar observatory spacecraft discovered its 750th comet since its launch in December 1995.
SOHO comet 750 was discovered by the German amateur astronomer Sebastian Hönig, one of the most successful SOHO comet-hunters. It was a part of the Kreutz family of 'sungrazing' comets, which usually evaporate in the hot solar atmosphere.  
SOHO comet 750 seen by LASCO C3
The LASCO coronagraph on SOHO, designed for seeing outbursts from the Sun, uses a mask to block the bright rays from the visible surface. It monitors a large volume of surrounding space and, as a result, has become the most prolific 'discoverer' of comets in the history of astronomy. Its images are displayed on the internet.

More than 75% of the discoveries have come from amateur comet hunters around the world, watching these freely available SOHO images on the internet. So, anyone with internet access can take part in the hunt for new comets and be a 'comet discoverer'!

  Click here for information about how to search for your own comet.


SOHO spacecraft

SOHO is a mission of international co-operation between ESA and NASA, launched in December 1995. Every day SOHO sends thrilling images from which research scientists learn about the Sun's nature and behaviour. Experts around the world use SOHO images and data to help them predict 'space weather' events affecting our planet.

SOHO overview

What are solar flares?   
Massive sunspot faces Earth
Space weather
How the Sun affects us on Earth
Comets - an introduction
Comets: 'Sungrazer' comets  
Watch a comet passing near the Sun
SOHO's 500th comet: An interview with Bernhard Fleck


Century II-46
After great trouble for humanity,
a greater one is prepared
The Great Mover renews the ages:
Rain, blood, milk, famine, steel and plague,
In the heavens fire seen, a long spark running.

4-11-04 - DREAM - I was given the opportunity to go to an observatory to watch Comet #8 go by the Earth.

The man handed me a special mesh-webbed headgear to wear for the event.

I took off my baseball cap to put on the headgear. It was shaped rather like a baseball cap on top, but had a tightly woven mesh face mask over it like more or less like a welder's mask except that it had a narrow slit in front of the eyes to see the comet through and not get pocked in the face by the debris that was expected to be accompanying the comet flyby.

There had been 7 comets previous to this comet and comets ARE dangerous!

SEE: James McCanney

C10: Q67
A very mighty trembling in the month of May,
Saturn in Capricorn, Jupiter and Mercury in Taurus:
Venus also, Cancer, Mars in Virgo,
Hail will fall larger than an egg.

C9, Q83
The Sun in 20 degrees Taurus (May 1-10th)
There will be a great earthquake; the great theater full up
will be ruined. Darkness and trouble in the air, on the sky and land,
When the infidel calls upon God and the Saints.

C1: Q80
From the sixth bright celestial light
it will come to thunder very strongly in Burgundy.
Then a monster will be born of a very hideous beast:
In March, April, May and June great wounding and worrying.

C2 Q46
After great human misery a greater approaches,
The great motor of the centuries renewed. (Shortly after 2000)
Rain, blood, milk, famine, weapon, and pestilence,
In the sky fire seen, dragging long sparks.

II/41: The Pope Flees

The great star will burn for seven days; the swarm will cause two suns to appear. The big mastiff will howl all night when the great pontiff will change country.

La grande étoile par sept jours brûlera,
Nuée fera deux soleils apparoir:
Le gros mâtin toute nuit hurlera
Quand grand pontife changera de terroir.

The comet of Nostradamus ("great star") will light up the skies for a week before it strikes Earth. To avoid the approaching calamity, the pope will flee the Vatican. Concern for the pope's safety would be well justified because a straight line drawn from southern France, where the comet's effects are first noted (Quatrain I-46, page 3), to the Aegean, goes right over Rome. Equally striking is the Seer's use of the word "swarm," because that is just what a comet is: a swarm of matter. As it nears the Earth, the comet will be comparable in brightness to the sun. The "big mastiff" could have some abstract meaning, but it might also be straightforward, i.e., this pope will own a large pet guard dog.

follow the coordinates from the quatrains on the map above.... It gets more interesting, doesnt it? ]

VI/6 Eretria - Greece - 38.2N 23.6E
VI/6 Boeotia - Greece - 38.5N 23.5E
VI/6 Siena - Tuscany Italy - 43.0N 11.3E
VI/6 Susa - Italy/France Border - 45.0N 7.0E

There will appear towards the seven stars of Ursa major and Polaris,
Not far from Cancer, the bearded star:
Susa, Siena, Boetica, Eretria,
Great Rome will die, the night having vanished.

I/46 Auch, Lectoure, Mirande - 43.5N 0.5E

Future Quatrain I-46: The Comet Over France

Very near Auch, Lectoure, and Mirande great fire will fall from the sky for three nights. A most stupendous and astonishing event will occur. Very soon afterwards the earth will tremble.

Tout aupres d'Aux, de Lectore et Mirande
Grand feu de ciel en trois nuits tombera:
Cause aviendra bien stupende et mirande:
Bien peu après la terre tremblera.

Here the Seer advises of the approach of a great comet. It will pass low over southern

 France, raining debris on the Earth below for three nights. But the nucleus of the comet is headed for the Aegean area after flashing directly over Rome (as seen in later quatrains). Though the comet's coma will inflict damage on France, much worse is to befall the Greeks. The trembling of the earth obviously refers to the impact of the comet's head, which will be the energy equivalent to hundreds or thousands of nuclear bombs.

V/98 Bearn, Bigorre - 43.5N 0.5E
Future Quatrain V-98: First Effects

At the forty-eighth climacteric degree, at the end of Cancer, very great dryness: Fish in the sea, river and lake cooked hectic. Bearn, Bigorre in danger through fire from the sky.

A quarente-huit degré climacterique,
A fin de Cancer si grande secheresse:
Poisson en mer, fleuv, lac cuit hectique,
Bearn, Bigorre par feu ciel en detresse.

At first this verse seems mildly at variance with others specifying that Nostradamus' comet approaches circa the forty-fifth parallel (south France) and strikes during Leo, the sign following Cancer. But it is clear from the trajectory of the comet that it does not hit Earth directly, but is captured by its gravity, circling our planet before impact. On its first pass, around July 22, the white hot comet grazes and scorches the Earth at latitude 48 degrees north. Since a coastal area (mer) is indicated, one of only four areas would be involved: Newfoundland, Brittany, Sakhalin, or western Washington State. On its final approach, the comet damages the south of France (which event is calculated in advance by astronomers).

II/3 Rhodes, Aegean, Euboea

Future Quatrain II-3: Impact in the Aegean

Because of the solar heat on the sea of Euboea the fishes half cooked. The inhabitants will come to cut them when Rhodes and Genoa will fail them the biscuit.

Pour la chaleur solaire sus la mer
De Negrepont les poissons demi cuits:
Les habitants les viendront entamer
Quand Rhod. et Gennes leur faudra le biscuit.

The solar heat is often interpreted as a nuclear blast but the inhabitants would hardly eat radioactive fish. The only other feasible source for this extreme heat would be a comet or meteor striking off the shores of the Greek island of Euboea.2 Various quatrains point to a comet. Damage from shockwaves, tidal waves, and debris would, of course, be horrendous. The Euboeans evidently have to eat the fish when disaster relief expected from Rhodes and Genoa fails to arrive on time

VI/97 - Naples

At forty-five degrees the sky will burn. Fire to approach the great new city: In an instant a great scattered flame will leap up, when one will want to get evidence from the Normans.

Cinq et quarante degrés ciel brulera,
Feu approcher de la grande cité neuve:
Instant grande flamme eparse sautera,
Quand on voudra des Normans faire preuve.

Like a number of other verses, this one recounts the passage of Nostradamus' comet over southern France at about 45 degrees north. In the quatrains, the new city is usually Naples, originally Neapolis (literally, "new city"), located close to the comet's path. It is not clear whether Naples is badly damaged. The great leaping flame is simply the explosion of the comet on impact or just before impact as in the 1908 Siberian comet blast. The last line is obscure from our present vantage, but it may be that French (Norman) astronomers will be the first to calculate where the comet will strike. A Greek president would want their data turned over to his scientists, posthaste.

VIII/2: A Chronological Marker

Condom and Auch and around Mirande, I see fire from the sky encompassing them. Sun and Mars conjoined in Leo, then lightning at Marmande: great hail, wall falls into the Garonne.

Condon et Aux et autour de Mirande,
Je vois du ciel feu qui les environne:
So Mars conjoint au Lion, puis Marmande
Foudre, grande grele, mur tombe dans Garonne.

The quatrain reiterates that the comet's coma will envelop towns in southern France but adds a key astrological parameter. The sun and Mars conjoin in Leo in August of the years 2000, 2002, and 2004, all close enough to the dawn of the new millennium (2001) to fit the parameter of Quatrain II-46. (The conjunction does not occur again until 2015.) Of these three possible years, Future Quatrain III-3, below, clearly isolates the one that marks the comet's arrival.

Here, the hail falling in August points to severe climatic disruptions fostered by the comet, including heavy rains that flood the Garonne, collapsing a wall at Marmande.

III/3: An Arrow to 2004

Mars and Mercury, and the silver (moon) joined together, towards the midi (south France) extreme dryness. In the bed of Asia one will say the earth trembles; Corinth, and Ephesus then in perplexity.

Mars et Mercure, et l'argent joint ensemble,
Vers le midi extreme siccité:
Au fond d'Asie on dira terre tremble,
Corinthe, Ephese lors en perplexité.

As already seen, the comet of Nostradamus strikes home in the Aegean between Corinth and Ephesus. The dryness refers to the heat effect of the comet as it passes over southern France. The trembling of the earth hints at more than just the explosion of the comet; its impact evidently triggers an earthquake, likely in quake-prone Turkey. Most significant though, the astronomical alignment in this verse occurs in only one of the three years prescribed by Future Quatrain VIII-2, page 12-about August 19, 2004. This then is the designated year of the cataclysm

VIII/16: Tidal Wave! - (Euboea Again)

At the place where Jason had his ship built, there will be a flood so great and so sudden that one will have no place or fall upon. The waves to mount Olympian "Fesula."

Au lieu que HIESON fait sa nef fabriquer,
Si grand déluge sera et si subite,
Qu'on n'aura lieu ni terre s'attaquer,
L'onde monter Fesulan Olympique.

The Greek legendary hero, Jason, had his ship built just north of the island of Euboea at Iolcus on the Gulf of Vólos, the very area where Nostradamus says the millennial comet will impact. So the verse is forecasting that a colossal tidal wave will be generated by the comet's explosion, flooding the nearby plain. Fesulan is evidently modern-day Farsala, which is a full twenty miles inland from the gulf, so the magnitude of the destructive wave will be far greater than any in recorded history. The verse leaves little question that this comet will be many times the size of the one that hit Siberia in 1908.

II/41: The Pope Flees

The great star will burn for seven days; the swarm will cause two suns to appear. The big mastiff will howl all night when the great pontiff will change country.

La grande étoile par sept jours brûlera,
Nuée fera deux soleils apparoir:
Le gros mâtin toute nuit hurlera
Quand grand pontife changera de terroir.

The comet of Nostradamus ("great star") will light up the skies for a week before it strikes Earth. To avoid the approaching calamity, the pope will flee the Vatican. Concern for the pope's safety would be well justified because a straight line drawn from southern France, where the comet's effects are first noted (Quatrain I-46, page 3), to the Aegean, goes right over Rome. Equally striking is the Seer's use of the word "swarm," because that is just what a comet is: a swarm of matter. As it nears the Earth, the comet will be comparable in brightness to the sun. The "big mastiff" could have some abstract meaning, but it might also be straightforward, i.e., this pope will own a large pet guard dog.

Much of this material from: The Comet of Nostradamus

[Edited on 25-3-2004 by energy_wave]
There is an average of 83 comets per year. 
SOHO sees its 750th comet



This is Comet #1-  C/2002 T7 (LINEAR)
Astronomers detect ice on comet

Yomiuri Shimbun

Researchers at Gunma Astronomical Observatory in Gunma Prefecture have successfully detected ice particles coming from Comet Linear, which will be visible with the naked eye from the end of April, according to The Astrophysical Journal.

As a comet approaches the sun, ice on its surface begins to melt, making observations difficult.

Observations in 1997 of Comet Hale-Bopp previously were the only successful studies on record.

The researchers' findings were published in the journal, which is the official publication of the American Astronomical Society.

Using the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan's giant Subaru Telescope in Hawaii in September, the researchers were able to observe Linear as it passed between Jupiter and Mars.

They were able to confirm the presence of ice particles as small as 10 microns emitted from the comet's nucleus. The particles were found in the coma, which is made up of dust and ice containing water and carbon dioxide.

The ice is not made of crystals that form on the surface of the nucleus, but instead is amorphous, forming in temperatures minus 150 C or lower.

The researchers, led by Hideyo Kawakita, also say there was a possibility the ice particles also contained ammonia.

Comet Linear is approaching the sun from the outer edge of the solar system and will reach its closest point on April 23, when it will be 90 million kilometers from the star.

Observers in the Southern Hemisphere will be able to see the comet in mid-April, while observers in Japan can expect to see the comet between about May 25 and the end of June in the southwestern skies just after sunset.


Landing on a Comet

Summary - (Mar 30, 2004) When the ESA's Rosetta spacecraft reaches Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, it will send down the Philae lander to the surface. Landing on a comet has never been done, and it's as hard to do as it sounds. The lander will need to be able to deal with any kind of surface, from solid ice to fluffy snow. The comet's gravity is very weak, so the spacecraft could bounce off the surface if it descends too quickly. The lander is equipped with pads that spread its weight over a large area to stop it from sinking into powdery snow. It also has a harpoon that will fire as it gets close to stop the lander from drifting back into space. We'll find out if it works in 2014.

Full Story -

Image credit: ESA

Rosetta’s lander Philae will do something never before attempted: land on a comet. But how will it do this, when the kind of surface it will land on is unknown?

With the surface composition and condition largely a mystery, engineers found themselves with an extraordinary challenge; they had to design something that would land equally well on either solid ice or powder snow, or any state in between.

In the tiny gravitational field of a comet, landing on hard icy surface might cause Philae to bounce off again. Alternatively, hitting a soft snowy one could result in it sinking. To cope with either possibility, Philae will touch as softly as possible. In fact, engineers have likened it more to docking in space.

Landing on a comet is nothing like landing on a large planet, you do not have to fight against the pull of the planet’s gravity, and there is no atmosphere.

The final touching velocity will be about one metre per second. That is near a walking pace. However, as anyone who has walked into a wall by mistake will tell you, it is still fast enough to do some damage. So, two other strategies have been implemented.

Firstly, to guard against bouncing off, Philae will fire harpoons upon contact to secure itself to the comet.

Secondly, to prevent Philae from disappearing into a snowy surface, the landing gear is equipped with large pads to spread its weight across a broad area – which is how snowshoes work on Earth, allowing us to walk on powdery falls of snow.

When necessity forced Rosetta’s target comet to be changed in Spring 2003 from Comet Wirtanen to Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, the landing team re-analysed Philae’s ability to cope. Because Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko is larger than Wirtanen, three times the radius, it will have a larger gravitational field with which to pull down Philae.

In testing it was discovered that the landing gear is capable of withstanding a landing of 1.5 metres per second – this was better than originally assumed.

In addition, Rosetta will gently push out the lander from a low altitude, to lessen its fall. In the re-analysis, one small worry was that Philae might just topple, if it landed on a slope at high speed. So the lander team developed a special device called a ‘tilt limiter’, and attached it to the lander before lift-off, to prevent this happening.

In fact, the unknown nature of the landing environment only serves to highlight why the Rosetta mission is vital in the first place. Astronomers and planetary scientists need to learn more about these dirty snowballs that orbit the Sun.

Original Source: ESA News Release

  Posted 3/19/2004 12:09 PM    

Spot a comet from your backyard By Joe Rao,'s Night Sky Columnist Interest will run high during the next couple of months with the prospects of viewing not just one, but two potentially bright, naked-eye comets.

Comet C/2002 T7 (a.k.a. LINEAR) photographed Feb. 9, 2004 by Christine Pulliam using the MicroObservatory telescope in Amado, Ariz.


Both are by-products of systematic searches for asteroids that might closely approach the Earth. One was discovered on Oct. 14, 2002 by the Lincoln Laboratory Near-Earth Asteroid Research survey and was hence christened with the acronym "LINEAR." The other was found on Aug. 24, 2001 by the Near-Earth Asteroid Tracking program and goes by the acronym "NEAT."

Today we know comets to be composed primarily of frozen gases that are heated as they approach the Sun and are made to glow by the Sun's light. As the gases warm and expand, the solar winds blow the expanding material out into the comet's beautiful tail.

To observers of antiquity, the tail suggested a trail of long hair, so they called comets "hairy stars."

Professional astronomers can observe anywhere from half a dozen to a dozen comets on any given night. But comets bright enough to excite those of us without big telescopes are relatively rare, perhaps appearing on an average of one or two every ten to fifteen years.

The last time we saw a truly bright and spectacular naked-eye comet was seven years ago, during the early spring of 1997: Comet Hale-Bopp.

Just how well you might see Comets LINEAR and NEAT depends strongly on where you live. Interestingly, Southern Hemisphere observers will have a decided advantage over their northern counterparts, being blessed with not one, but two unusual opportunities to see both comets in the sky at the same time! Through most of April, they will be in the morning sky and then from late May into early June, they'll again be visible simultaneously in the evening sky, possibly even for a brief time to northerners as well.

Below are capsule summaries of what you should expect to see. Note that astronomers measure brightness of objects on an inverted scale. The dimmest objects visible in the night sky, under perfect conditions away from city lights, are around magnitude 6.5. The brightest stars are around magnitude 1 or 2. Negative magnitudes are reserved for the very brightest objects.

[Comet #1]

Presently this comet (cataloged C/2002 T7) is a fifth magnitude object in the constellation of Pisces, the Fishes, but it's much too close to the Sun to be visible. That will pretty much be the story through the first week of April.

Thereafter, comet LINEAR will begin to slowly emerge from the bright solar glare and into the morning sky. The comet should slowly brighten as it approaches both the Sun and the Earth. It will arrive at perihelion – its closest point to the Sun – on April 23, at a distance of 57 million miles (92 million kilometers). After it moves around the Sun, it should continue to noticeably brighten as it approaches the Earth.

Unfortunately, for those in the Northern Hemisphere, comet LINEAR will be quite difficult to see, since it will hover very low near the eastern horizon about an hour before sunrise right on through the balance of April and on into the beginning of May.

Northern observers might catch only a fleeting glimpse of LINEAR, possibly as bright as second or even first magnitude, in the brightening dawn twilight at the end of April or very beginning of May. Objects this bright can be visible almost until the Sun actually rises. Thereafter, the comet will no longer be able to be seen, moving too far to the south to be visible from northern latitudes.

The situation for Southern Hemisphere viewers, in contrast, will be far better. While Comet LINEAR will probably not become readily visible to most until mid-April, thereafter it will appear to climb progressively higher each morning in the east-northeast sky. During the first ten days of May, the comet should be an easy target for observers south of the equator, rising about 2 to 3 hours before sunrise.

But then, because the comet will be rapidly approaching its closest point to the Earth, its viewing aspect will also change rapidly.

During the middle part of May, the comet will make the transition from a morning to an evening object. On May 19, it will be closest to Earth, just under 25 million miles (40 million kilometers) away. Located in the winding constellation of Eridanus, the River, Comet LINEAR will be well placed in the southwest sky right after sunset, perhaps appearing as bright as zero magnitude.

In the following days as the comet recedes from the Earth, it should fade quickly, dropping to third magnitude by the end of May and fifth magnitude by mid-June.

In the final days of May and at the very beginning of June, there is a possibility that observers in the Northern Hemisphere will again have a chance to sight Comet LINEAR, very low near the southwest horizon as darkness falls. But unless the comet ends up brighter than is expected now, it won't be as easy task.

Comet NEAT 
[Comet #2]


This image was obtained by Rolando Ligustri and Lucio Furlanetto using a 350/1750 Newtonian reflector and an ST9E CCD camera on 2003 January 29.73. It is a combination of six images exposed to reveal the complexity of the tail.

Also known as C/2001 Q4, comet NEAT has been a solely a Southern Hemisphere object since its discovery in August 2001.

Currently it resides in the far-southern constellation of Tucana, the Toucan, and shines at sixth magnitude. For those at far-southerly latitudes, this comet will be available as both a morning and evening object through late April, appearing in the south-southwest sky for a few hours after sundown, then reappearing above the southeast horizon a few hours before sunrise.

As it approaches both the Sun and Earth, the comet should brighten accordingly, perhaps reaching third magnitude by mid-April. But its availability to early morning viewers will also be diminishing rapidly as it gets progressively lower in the south-southeast sky and rises closer to sunrise.

Conversely, at the same time, comet NEAT will be getting noticeably higher and more favorably placed for evening visibility. As the comet starts moving swiftly northward, two things will happen by the end of April:

It will finally relinquish its morning visibility and it will begin to become accessible as an evening object for those in the Northern Hemisphere.

During the first week of May, most northern observers will anxiously be awaiting darkness to fall, straining for clear, unobstructed views toward the southwest horizon for their first sighting of Comet NEAT. Probably the first good opportunity for most will come on the evening of May 5, approximately an hour after sunset. Look low in the southwest for blue-white Sirius, the Dog Star, the brightest star in the night sky. Comet NEAT should be hovering about 10 degrees to the left of Sirius (your clinched fist, held at arm's length, is roughly equal to 10 degrees).

The comet will be passing closest to the Earth on the following evening, just under 30 million miles (48 million kilometers) away. In the nights that follow, Comet NEAT — perhaps as bright as first or second magnitude – will be getting progressively higher up in the southwest sky and correspondingly, easier to see.

On May 13, a line drawn from Castor to Pollux (in Gemini) and extended out three times the distance between these two stars will bring you to Comet NEAT.

On May 15, the comet will reach its closest point to the Sun, just over 89 million miles (142 million kilometers) away. It should then fade rapidly from view as it moves away from both Sun and Earth, moving into Ursa Major by month's end.

A final bit of caution

Both of these comets appear capable of reaching first magnitude. That's the good news. The bad news is that both are apparently making their very first approach to the vicinity of the Sun, and history has shown that most "first-timers" usually fall far short of brightness expectations and instead end up appearing faint and unimpressive.

Since all new comets are notoriously unpredictable, we can only guess just how bright LINEAR and NEAT will get and how long their respective tails will be. We're just going to have to wait and see. Night Sky Friday will keep you posted on their development in the coming weeks. Stay tuned!


Comet #3

Posted 4/13/2004 3:26 PM

Comet set for live Internet show 
By Joe Rao,


A newly discovered comet should soon be visible to armchair astronomers via images posted to the Internet from the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) spacecraft. Later this month, sharp-eyed observers may also spot the comet in the morning sky.

The comet, named Bradfield, is racing through the inner solar system at a time when two other comets are expected to become visible to the naked eye, providing a rare trio of opportunities this spring.

However, comets are unpredictable and casual observers may find it challenging to see any of the objects.

Retired but working

The newest comet was discovered by William Bradfield of Yankalilla, South Australia, while the object was in the constellation Cetus. Bradfield first spotted it low in the western evening sky with his 10-inch telescope on March 23 and again on March 24. Then lost sight of it until April 8.

Daniel Green of the Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams announced the find on Monday.

The 76-year-old Bradfield is credited with 17 other comet discoveries dating back to his very first on March 12, 1972. Born in New Zealand, Bradfield worked many years for the Australian government as a research scientist on rocket-propulsion systems before retiring in the late 1980s.

All 18 of Bradfield's discoveries bear his name alone, which means he spotted and reported them well ahead of any other observer. (Some comets are found by two or more observers at roughly the same time.) By having access to stars and constellations visible only at far southerly latitudes, Bradfield can carefully examine regions of the sky that are unavailable to Northern Hemisphere observers.

Eighteen comets over a 32-year time span comes out to an average of one new discovery about every 21 months. But it has been nine years since Bradfield made his last discovery (an object catalogued as C/1995 Q1).

What to expect

Green's calculations show that the comet will continue to approach the Sun in the coming days. It should reach perihelion (its closest approach to the Sun) on April 17, when it will be just 0.169 astronomical unit (15.7 million miles, or 25.2 million kilometers) from the solar system's central star. This is well inside the orbit of the planet Mercury.

The projected brightness of this comet is somewhat uncertain, although right now predictions indicate that it could get as bright as 2nd magnitude. That would be easily seen with the naked eye. However, because of its very close proximity to the Sun, the comet will be impossible to observe for a week or more.

As it dashes past the Sun however, comet Bradfield will be visible to those using computers and accessing near-live images from the SOHO Web site (, primarily in images from the LASCO C3 instrument.

The comet should be within range of the SOHO imagery from about April 17 through April 19. It will appear to pass closest to the Sun — 2.6 degrees from its center — on April 18.

Last year, the public was captivated by a similar scenario when SOHO photographed a comet rounding the Sun. Hundreds of otherwise unknown comets have actually been first detected in SOHO imagery, generating a competition among a handful of armchair astronomers. Just last week, SOHO officials reported the 750th discovery of a comet using the spacecraft's imagery.

Skywatching opportunity

Because it will appear to move rapidly northward after perihelion, comet Bradfield will ultimately emerge into the morning sky for observers in mid-northern latitudes during the final week of April.

Beginning April 23rd, skywatchers should concentrate on the east-northeast horizon beginning about 90 minutes before sunrise.

Unfortunately, the comet is expected to fade quickly down to 4th or 5th magnitude as it recedes from both the Sun and Earth. On this astronomer's scale, larger numbers represent dimmer objects. The brightest objects are zero of first magnitude, with superbright objects such as Venus achieving negative magnitudes.

Binoculars will aid observers in sighting comet Bradfield, as well as any tail that might appear to protrude upwards from the horizon.

Copyright 2004, Inc. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

4-17-04 - COMET BRADFIELD: Comet Bradfield (C/2004 F4) is swinging by the sun today. At a distance of 0.17 AU, it's even closer to the sun than Mercury (0.39 AU). The comet is vaporizing furiously and leaving a bright tail of dust and gas behind it.

Telescopes on Earth can't see the comet because of the sun's glare. But the orbiting Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) can. Coronagraphs onboard SOHO block the sun's glare to reveal nearby stars, planets and comets. This image (right) shows the comet approaching the sun on April 17th; click for current images.

Sungrazing comets sometimes break apart or dissolve. If Comet Bradfield survives, northern sky watchers can see it beginning April 24th when it emerges from the glare of the sun. It will join Comet LINEAR (C/2002 T7) in the constellation Pisces just above the eastern horizon at dawn. Both comets could be visible to the unaided eye. [sky map]



7 The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mixed with blood, and they were cast on the earth. And the third part of trees was burned up, and all green grass was burned up.
8 And the second angel sounded, and as it were a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea. And the third part of the sea became blood.
9 And the third part of the creatures in the sea, those having souls, died; and the third part of the ships was destroyed.
10 And the third angel sounded, and a great star burning like a lamp fell from the heaven, and it fell on the third part of the rivers and on the fountains of waters.
11 And the name of the star is called Wormwood, and a third part of the waters became wormwood. And many men died from the waters, because they were made bitter.
12 And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was stricken, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars, so that the third part of them was darkened, and the day did not appear for a third part of it, and the night also.
13 And I saw and I heard one angel flying in mid-heaven, saying with a loud voice, Woe! Woe! Woe to the inhabitants of the earth, from the rest of the voices of the trumpet of the three angels being about to sound!


1  And the fifth angel sounded. And I saw a star fall from the heaven to the earth, and it was given the key of the abyss.
2 And it opened the bottomless pit. And there arose a smoke out of the pit, like the smoke of a great furnace. And the sun and air were darkened because of the smoke of the pit.
3 And out of the smoke came forth locusts onto the earth. And authority was given to them, as the scorpions of the earth have authority.
4 And they were commanded not to hurt the grass of the earth, or any green thing, or any tree, but only those men who do not have the seal of God in their foreheads.
5 And to them it was given that they should not kill them, but that they should be tormented five months. And their torment was like a scorpion's torment when he stings a man.
6 And in those days men will seek death and will not find it. And they will long to die, and death will flee from them.
7 And the shapes of the locusts were like horses prepared for battle. And on their heads were as it were crowns like gold, and their faces were like the faces of men.
8 And they had hairs like the hairs of women, and their teeth were like the teeth of lions.
9 And they had breastplates like breastplates of iron. And the sound of their wings was like the sound of chariots of many horses running to battle.
10 And they had tails like scorpions, and there were stings in their tails. And their authority was to hurt men five months.
11 And they had a king over them, the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in Greek his name is Apollyon.

12 The first woe is past. Behold, after these things yet come two woes.
13  And the sixth angel sounded his trumpet. And I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar before God,
14 saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, Loose the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates.
15 And the four angels were loosed, who were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, in order to slay the third part of men.
16 And the number of the armies of the horsemen was two myriads of myriads. And I heard their number.
17 And so I saw the horses in the vision, and those sitting on them, having breastplates of fire, even dusky red and brimstone. And the heads of the horses were like the heads of lions. And out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone.
18 By these three the third part of men was killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone which issued out of their mouths.

19 For their authority is in their mouth and in their tails. For their tails were like serpents with heads, and with them they do harm.
20 And the rest of the men who were not killed by these plagues still did not repent of the works of their hands, that they should not worship demons, and golden, and silver, and bronze, and stone, and wooden idols (which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk).
21 And they did not repent of their murders, nor of their sorceries, nor of their fornication, nor of their thefts.



Major Ed Dames was interviewed by Art Bell on the evening of 11-10-04

These are notes, excerpted from their conversation over 2 hours. Some of the comments are paraphrased to save space.

Art began by talking about the X-45 CME from the sun, almost hitting the earth on November 4th, 2003. This is what Ed Dames had earlier called, "The Shot Across the Bow"

What this event is now called is the "Kill Shot". Which means it is actually going to hit the earth.

Art says: The sun could kill us!"

Ed begins by saying that we should watch for the 'harbinger'. The events will happen AFTER we see the harbinger.

The 'harbinger' will be 'our space shuttle going into space and being forced to return before the end of its journey because of a predicted meteor shower'.  This is not one of the normal meteor showers. This is an unprecedented event.

A global killshot will effect everyone on the earth.

It will occur in our lifetime.

We have narrowed it down to 2005.

It deals with the sun.

This harbinger will pop up in people's dreams.

The coming global superstorm will begin this year. It is already beginning now. It will not just happen in Ohio. It will happen everywhere.

A series of solar flares will hit the earth.

When you see one of our space shuttles forced down because of a meteorite shower - that is the harbinger.

[Editor's note: Here is the space shuttle schedule. The first one is scheduled for March 5, 2005. ]

Beginning in 2005, there will be earthquakes worldwide.

There will be intense meteor showers - coming down to the deck. Then there will be no more time for predictions. There will be no more time left.

This will cause the earth to wobble.

The solar flares will hit the earth while our electromagnetic shields are down.

There will be a passing earthbody.

It will cause massive waves on the ocean over 2,000 feet high.
[Editors note] Obviously this didn't happen, though there were reports of waves 100 feet high under cruise ships

The fast melting of the ice at the poles and the heat all over the world will cause great devastation. This is what causes the earth to wobble.

Many people all over the world will die because of dehydration - no fresh water.

We need: 

Below ground protection
A supply of fresh water
Places to be: far inland or very high - 3000 feet or both.
A very large sailboat would also keep you safe.  [ If you are near the ocean ]

We may end up with a new Pole Star

Even so, even after its over, there will be radiation everywhere from broken nuclear reactors.

There will be winds in some places over 300 miles per hour.

The CME killshots will shut down all communications - but it is the passing space body itself - Planet X - will cause the great devastation.  It is not a comet. It is a planet size - like Pluto or Charon . It will pass us twice as it comes in and goes around the sun.

We will probably have about 3 months warning.

This will end life as we know it.
[Editors note: I'm still here - are you?]

Resources will be tough to come by, but some parts of the world will be worse than others.

Satellites will be gone. They will come down with the meteorites. We will have to rebuild and we will, but that will take time.

The nations that will be survivable are not technologically at the top of the heap: example: China

All the power grids will come down. There will be no electricity.
[Editor's note: this didn't happen]

The passing planetary body will cause the CMEs.

Being underground will be necessary for a few weeks because of the winds of 250 to 300 MPH.

Looking at a poleshift of 12 degrees. The earth's axis will actually wobble this much. About 2 days later, the winds will pick up in belts - but not everywhere at the same time.

Because there is no precedent of this event, our scientists will not be able to 'know' how it will effect us.

The planet is now dark and cannot be seen. Until the sun starts to reflect off of it, it won't be seen.

From a professional point of view, the liklihood of this happening is 100%. Eight people worked on remote viewing this event for 6 months.

ALIENS:  There will be no intervention, but afterwards, another race will be here to help us rebuild.

Free will is always in evidence. They can't help us beforehand.

[Editor's note: They are helping with the warnings of what is coming. ]

These aliens will look very much like us, but sturdier and features more chisled than us.

The Kill Shot CD:  $19.95


David Booth - proven psychic- had a vision in March of 2003.  He saw himself in space, looking down on the earth. He saw a dark, planetary object coming from the south end of earth - out of the southern Hemisphere.  As this planetary object came past earth,
the size of which would fit between the earth and the moon - he saw the western end of the U.S. blow up with fire and blasts of smoke and ash.  From there, the whole earth rippled.  Yellowstone had blown up.

Gordon Michael Scallion (psychic)- on March 16, 2003 - had a vision that two lightbeings showed him that Wyoming and Utah were glowing red.  The lightbeings said, "This will change the world in 18 months."  (18 months from March 16, 2003 = September, 2004)


March 23, 2004 7PM CST special emergency update ... word just came in from a private  
contact that there will be a major news announcement tonight regarding Yellowstone 
National Park ... to be released by one of the major networks ... initial UNCONFIRMED 
reports indicate that the volcanic bubble under Yellowstone's basin has raised over 100 
feet in the past day and there are indications it is ready to blow ... i repeat these are 
UNCONFIRMED reports that have come to me through what i consider reliable sources 
and therefore am posting so you can watch for the official announcement ... if this is true 
then it is clear this has been known about for some time and the USGS page is as we have 
said a total misinformation site about the seriousness of Yellowstone and the evacuation 
preparations that should have been underway LONG ago  ... jim mccanney 

David Booth and Wayne Green were kicked off of the show on 3-18-04 for not revealing what the Nun (Sister Lucy) who gave the Fatima prophecies had said to him in a private meeting.  David DID say that it was said, "The New Star will soon shine."
which refers to Wormwood and the book of Revelation: 


I will will mention the aquatic dog. Canis Major and Minor are the "dog" 
constellations, and Sirius is the Dog Star. In the Greek myths, these are the 
dogs that accompany the Hunter, Orion. Sirius and Orion in the Egyptian 
system are, of course, Isis and Osiris who produce Horus; i.e. a Trinity. 
I have theorized that the following Nostadamus quatrain, C2, Q41, is related:

The great star will burn for seven days,
The cloud will make the sun appear double:
The large mastiff will howl all night
When the great pontiff changes his abode.

The "large mastiff" in the theory is Canis Major/Sirius/Isis, which corresponds 
to the Woman With Child in Revelation 12. This is speaking of dreams, visions, 
inspirations, etc., the communication from the collective unconscious at the end 
of the cycle. Signposts/ guideposts are left for us in the waking state "on land" 
by way of coincidences and synchronicities.

But, to notice them, we need to stay awake.

Howling all day and night, I remain, your spiritual brother,

Joe Mason
Hunter, assisted by two aquatic dogs

NOTE: Comets are frequently responsible for causing weather anomalies like El Nino and
earthquakes and volcanoes to explode.
Several comets are coming this year, and will be 
seen by the naked eye beginning in May. By September, Venus (the morning Daybreak star) 
crosses the face of the sun.  These are the two suns.

Syzygy Dreams


[ Syzygy Dreams ]

[Previous Message] [Next Message]

Date: May 29, 2004 at 08:27:13
From: kiva traveler,
Subject: Big bolides

URL: asteroid impact calculator

For years I and my family had dreams of a coming natural destruction of America. I generally tried to interpret these dreams as being symbolic. But one night my young daughter's dream made it plain that they were not symbolic, but were instead literal. On 11-17-94 I prayed to God saying that I could not believe that so many small children and innocent people were to be killed. That very night I dreamed I was in Japan. I was in a city that had been hit by a great earth quake. I saw ruined buildings, bridges and such like. I said to myself that 'Japan can ill afford this!' I saw a small car trapped on a small section of raised road next to a pillar of concrete. then I woke up. 2 months to the very day on 1-17-95 Kobe Japan was struck by a large quake. Over 6000 innocent people died (actual final toll 6308). In one of the pictures I saw the small car trapped on the raised road I had dream about. I knew then what the answer was to my doubts expressed in prayer. In 2000 I was shown what will cause the devastation of America - a set of twin asteroids (mainly made of nickle-iron that are in a binary orbit with one another) both the same size and both very large (interestingly many months after I had this dream scientists discovered that such twin asteroids in binary orbits do actually exist). I believe one will fall into the Atlantic - I believe it is the asteroid described in such detail in Revelation 8:8 - the burning mountain that falls into the sea. The other one breaks up and later returns to produce the other massive meteors [such as the great, i.e. massive, falling star(bolide) burning like a lamp]described in Rev. chapter 8:7- and 9:1-4. Iron asteroids pack a far greater punch than stony asteroids. The asteroids will be somewhere between 3 to 10 miles in diameter. Many other people have had like dreams and have seen the TWO incoming objects - some times they are described as twin suns, twin comets, or twin asteroids.

note: scientists do not accurately calculate the full effects of LARGE asteroid impacts at sea. They typically treat such impacts as if they were the same as impacts on land - other than that they depict the creation of a tsunami wave. The problem IS, that the thickness of the earth's hard crust is on average 20 to 30 miles thick on land (continents). BUT, the hard crust under the oceans is typically only about 4 miles thick. A large asteroid (a few miles in diameter) can puncture this thinner crust and thereby expose the hot magma layers. Thus you will note at the 'asteroid calculator' that the results of an impact in the ocean creates a far wider and DEEPER crater - in some cases 50 to 90 miles deep. Scientists typically FAIL to include the effects of such a crater at sea. Yes, the water at the impact site does vaporize on impact. BUT, the surrounding ocean water soon fills this cavity. When vast amounts of sea water pour into a large chamber of magna the result is a series of steam explosions. I studies small steam explosions in the Miocene Yakima Basalts of Washington State when I was in my 20s. But when we are talking about a crater tens of miles wide, and tens of miles deep, what will be created is not a tsunami - but a vast wave train of continuous tsunamis. The steam explosions (which together can rival the energy of the asteroid impact itself)will further weaken and break up the earth's crust around the crater. These deep craters are short lived, in that the magma will well up to fill them - BUT, they are also filled in by giant crustal slides from the sides of the crater itself too. These create massive quakes and further tsunamis. The upshot is that a continuous train of giant waves can overwhelm nearby continents under deep flooding.] 


Mon, 07 Jun 2004 16:17:31 -0400
From: "Dr. Byron Weeks" <>

Poisons in the comet's tail from June 8-11 may touch the earth...
Aha! So we weren't so far out after all...Eyes will burn and tear if acid present. Advise soda bicarb solution [baking sods is safe in any dilution] on hand to neutralize sulphuric acid for skin and face. Eye wash as needed.. Avoid going outside, but cover skin and use gas mask if this can't be avoided. Surgical masks not effective. Seal windows and doors in a safe room with duct tape. When the air gets stale after 5-6 hours,  open up a crack here and there. Use a dilute soda spray bottle around openings. Have enough food and water on hand for 3-4 days. 

People with asthma, emphysema and bronchitis should seek a physician's counsel. Many of these sufferers will die if not protected.

Byron Weeks, MD
Sent: Monday, June 07, 2004 1:35 PM
Subject: Venus
Various sources, mainstream and net
June 7, 2004

Scientists around the world are warning people to stay indoors for up to three days following the June 8 Venus Transit.

The tail of Venus, which resembles that of a comet, will be blown in the direction of earth by solar winds as it eclipses the sun. The tail is comprised mainly of ammonia, sulphuric acid and other substances harmful to man.

Sulphuric acid fumes can burn the skin, cause blindness and lead to suffocation in people with compromised lungs.

Experts advise that the whiplash effect of the tail on planet earth will subside after three days, making it safe to venture outdoors once more.

PLANET X:  Logic - Analysis - Speculation

Since the ptb (powers that be -CR) won't show or tell us what they know about the situation with the entourage of objects streaming in from the southern hemisphere, we have to use our own minds to try to figure out what is going on.

What do we know? Comets big (like Bradfield) and small plus large meteors have been seen and heard impacting in several different places in the last few months from the Washington Seattle, Iraq, Spain, and several more to just yesterday Australia. The latest impacting in Australia got me thinking about some related issues. So I started talking to people I know about the situation.

McCanney and I both agree that much of latest disinformation, which includes identity theft and speculation from visionaries giving specific dates was created to attempt to do a couple things.

1. Cry wolf with the dates to soften people up to the real object(s) when they come through.


2. Try re-assign the entourage of objects coming in with Planet X from the south to a super Nova that exploded a couple decades ago, which they’re trying to suggest is a cloud of debris from it coming through now instead of what we know it is.

3. Put the whole subject matter in the realm of non-credible psychic or visionary sources.

Now with Australia being down south you'd expect some of the entourage of objects streaming in from that direction would natural impact there. And yesterday that did in fact happen again. I'd look for more of these kinds of things happening to New Zealand and Australia since they seem to be in first line of fire.

Yesterday I also spoke to Sherwood Ensey and he had a thought that made perfect since to me. Many of you know almost every ship of our navy and most ships from every navy around the world are out to sea at this time. This is no small deal and an extremely expensive and ambitious undertaking.

Here's the speculation that Sherwood came up that might very well be true. What if a wave of objects were seen coming in from PX's entourage and the ptb were concerned enough that some of these objects might impact.

1. First they'd want to protect their ships against a possible impact(s), which would be most vulnerable in port, given the huge tsunamis expected.


2. SECOND THEY'D WANT TO HAVE A PLAN IN PLACE SUCH THAT IF THERE WAS A SIZABLE IMPACT TO BLAME IT ON TERRORISM AND DEFLECT THE IDEA IT HAD ANYTHING TO DO WITH A CELESTIAL OBJECT. This would serve at least one other purpose. They could clamp down with possible martial law and tighten the reigns on all of us, which is what they've been trying to do since they created 9/11. As many of you know its Washington DC that is the terrorist capital of the world. [or they might do martial law just to maintain order amidst chaos -CR]

In any event, yesterday a meteor anywhere from the size of a house to a car fell on Australia. Right after I heard this I went to the egroups and looked at what the disinfo crew were saying about it. They were all discounting it as being a much smaller object than what it was reported originally.


Meteorite sighted in NSW

June 17, 2004

A METEORITE reportedly the size of a house fell on the NSW south coast overnight, exploding in a bright flash, police said today.

A driver on the Hume Highway shortly after 9pm (AEST) near Menangle reported an object the size of a house falling from the sky. The object fell east of the Hume Highway, possibly in an escarpment near the top of a hill at Bulli, police were told.

The meteorite was described as glowing silver in colour and similar to an artillery shell when it exploded with a bright flash on impact.

Workers at the Sydney Airport Tower said they saw a meteorite about 9pm, police said.

No other reports were received by police and extensive police patrols of the area did not turn up the space debris.


This morning (Thursday June 17th) there has been news on two
different fronts.

   Queensland has been hit with unseasonable weather with Stanthorpe hitting minus 3 Centigrade (other report stated minus 5 centigrade) A headline report on our local news radio just stated that an object the size of a car (yes car) came down close to a town called Bullia in NSW

Last week a meteorite weighing 6 LBS went through the roof of a house in New Zealand and was shown ion the news.

At this time details on the car size object have been limited to the radio report and I hope to hear ,more on this evenings news.

Any feedback welcome.

Keep well


COMET #5 - C/2004 Q2

Comet c/2004 Q2 (Machholz) was photographed on Sept. 14 by Gianluca Masi and Franco Mallia, 
as part of an educational project in Italy using the SoTIE telescope in Las Campanas, Chile.
Newfound Comet Set for Winter Display

By Joe Rao Night Sky Columnist
posted: September 17, 2004
06:30 am ET ET

Donald Machholz of Colfax, California, an optician who has been interested in astronomy since age eight, discovered nine comets from 1978 through 1994. He has since spent 1,457 hours scanning the skies for other comets, without any luck.

But his luck changed on the morning of Aug. 27, when he swept up his tenth comet.

It could become the fourth comet this year to excite backyard astronomers.

After a treat of three comets in the spring -- NEAT, LINEAR and Bradfield -- the first indications suggest Machholz's discovery will become easily visible in binoculars and small telescopes this winter and possibly to the unaided eye.

Comet brightness is notoriously difficult to predict, however, and it is too early to know whether this one will put on a memorable show.

The discovery

When Machholz first picked up the comet – officially designated c/2004 Q2 – it was a fuzzy 11th-magnitude object in the constellation Eridanus and drifting slowly southeast in the direction of the constellation Lepus. On this astronomer's scale, larger numbers represent dimmer objects. Under the darkest skies, the typical observer can spot with the unaided eye objects of magnitude 6.5 and brighter.

Machholz spotted the comet through the 30X eyepiece of his 6-inch f/8 Criterion Dynascope Newtonian reflector, a vintage telescope that was a mainstay among amateur astronomers during the 1960s and 70s. Machholz had purchased his back in 1968.

Several hours after Machholz's spotted the comet, Australian observers Gordon Garradd and Robert McNaught confirmed the discovery, capturing the comet in photographs using telescopes from Siding Spring Mountain. These CCD ("Charged Coupled Devices") images also showed a short, faint tail.

From 38 observations over a four-day period, Brian Marsden at the Minor Planet Center in Cambridge, Mass. calculated an orbit for the new Comet Machholz. It is on its way toward the vicinity of the Earth and the Sun, and during October and November, its projected path will appear to describe a small loop taking it into the constellations Lepus, Columba and Caelum. Since it will still be relatively far from both the Sun and Earth, its apparent motion -- in relation to the stars from night to night -- will be quite slow.

At the beginning of December it will return to Eridanus, at which point the comet’s motion across the sky will abruptly turn northward and rapidly increase, making the comet well placed for Northern Hemisphere observers by the last week of December.

How bright?

According to Marsden's calculations, Comet Machholz could become as bright as fourth magnitude. It could possibly hover around at this brightness for about a month beginning right after Christmas. During this interval, the comet will move north of the celestial equator, tracking from southern Taurus on up into the constellation Perseus.

Fourth magnitude means that the comet should at be at least dimly visible to the naked eye in dark skies, though better seen in binoculars or telescopes. Urban skywatchers would not be able to see it without optical aids.

That kind of brightness would still make Machholz a very fine comet from the viewpoint of an amateur astronomer, especially in early January, when it will be approaching the Earth and will be well placed for viewing -- high in a dark sky. Given current information, it doesn’t appear that this comet will become the kind of spectacle that Comet Hale-Bopp was in grabbing the public’s attention.

Hard to predict

And although the script is still being written concerning Machholz's upcoming performance, be advised that comets are notoriously bad actors. As an example, the first brightness estimates for Comet NEAT had it possibly becoming as bright as first magnitude -- easily visible even from cities. Ultimately it became only as bright as third magnitude at best.

Comet Machholz could brighten up and give us a real surprise. Comets have surprised on the bright side before. Yet few celestial events have greater false-alarm potential than these interplanetary vagabonds.

The comet is predicted to come closest to Earth on the night of Jan. 5-6, 2005, when it will be just 32 million miles (51 million kilometers) away. On the evening of Jan. 7, it will conveniently pass just a couple of degrees to the west of the famous Pleiades star cluster.

Comet Machholz will reach perihelion -- its point closest to the Sun -- on Jan. 24, when it will be just under 112 million miles (179 million kilometers) from that blazing furnace. The comet will be more or less opposite the Sun all during this "flyby", and thus should be easily visible in a dark sky from Earth.

New Comet Now Visible to Naked Eye

By Robert Roy Britt
Senior Science Writer
posted: 07 December 2004

A comet discovered earlier this year has now moved close enough to be visible without binoculars or telescopes by experienced observers under dark skies. It is expected to put on a modest show this month and into January.

Comet Machholz will be at its closest to Earth Jan. 5-6, 2005, when it will be 32 million miles (51 million kilometers) away.

People with dark rural skies and a good map should be able to find it on Moon-free nights now into January.

Backyard astronomers have been watching Machholz for months through telescopes. It was spotted by naked-eye observers for the first time about three weeks ago from the Southern Hemisphere, said Donald Machholz, who discovered the frozen chunk of rock and ice in August.

"I saw it last night for the first time with the naked eye," Machholz told Friday.

Comets are made of rocky material and icy mixtures of water and various other chemicals. As a comet approaches the Sun, the surface is heated and essentially boils off. Scientists call the process sublimation. The gas and dust creates a head, also called a coma, and sometimes a tail. Sunlight reflects off the material, making some comets visible from Earth.

Comet Machholz, officially named c/2004 Q2, is not expected to produce the sort of spectacular display put on by comet Hale-Bopp in 1997 or the periodically stunning Halley's comet.

Astronomers cannot say exactly how bright Machholz will get, because it is notoriously difficult to predict the behavior of comets making their first observed close trip around the Sun. Scientists don't fully understand the composition of comets, nor their variety, so they don't know how much stuff will sublimate nor how fast.

The position of comet Machholz at 9 p.m. 
local time from mid-northern latitudes on various nights. 

Machholz is expected to reach magnitude 4.0, based on an early estimate. On this astronomers' scale, smaller numbers represent brighter objects. The dimmest things visible under perfectly dark skies are around magnitude 6.5. The brightest star, Sirius, is magnitude minus 1.42.

Recent observations suggest Machholz will do at least as well as first predicted.

"The comet is doing better than expected and is about 0.5 magnitudes brighter than expected," Machholz said. "So it will probably get brighter than the Andromeda Galaxy, brighter than magnitude 4.0."

The Andromeda Galaxy is the furthest object visible to the unaided human eye under dark skies. It is a magnitude 3.4 object.

If the comet were to become roughly magnitude 3.0, it would still appear common among the sea of stars available to dark-sky observers. City and suburban dwellers would likely not find it without optical aid. In either case, binoculars or a small telescope might reveal the comet as more of a fuzzy patch, and if it develops a significant tail, that could be visible too.

Machholz, who has found nine other comets, suggests looking for his latest discovery when the Moon is out of the picture, such as around Dec. 11 when it will be at its New phase.

"The comet can still be seen when the Moon is out, but it will be difficult," he said by email. "Use binoculars or a wide-field (low power) telescope, and/or get to a dark site."

The comet is low on the horizon now, where the atmosphere makes for poor viewing. By early January, the comet will be much higher in the sky, improving viewing conditions.


Posted By: ArchAngel_Michael <Send E-Mail>
Date: Sunday, 2 January 2005, 11:21 p.m.

'This Hopi Blue-green star appearing with the naked eye is echoed in the Dames borrowed R.V. team results as a time marker during a warring conflict when all would stop and historically ´look up in wonder´...
...could this be Comet C/2004 Q2 (Machholz)
the first comet to come this close to us and be clearly this color as observable in the Northern hemisphere coming into view from the 7th-15th trailing just behind the Earth from a southern angle up and reaching a solar system equatorial perihelion on 1/7/05?'

'An ancient Hopi Indian prophecy states, "When the Blue Star Kachina makes its appearance in the heavens, the Fifth World will emerge". This will be the Day of Purification. The Hopi name for the star Sirius is Blue Star Kachina. It will come when the Saquasohuh (Blue Star) Kachina dances in the plaza(a place in the thoroughfare of our solar system?-around 7th January) and removes his mask.'
This following Nasa link shows the path of the comet arriving parallel to the Earth and Solar System around 7th January 2004

'And this is the Ninth and Last Sign: You will hear of a dwelling-place in the heavens, above the earth, that shall fall with a great crash. It will appear as a blue star. Very soon after this, the ceremonies of the Hopi people will cease.'
'These are the Signs that great destruction is here: The world shall rock to and fro. The white man will battle people in other lands - those who possessed the first light of wisdom(The Middle East?). There will be many columns of smoke and fire such as the white man has made in the deserts not far from here.' (Hopi Blue Star Prophecies)

COMET #6 - VENUS - James McCanney reported on his radio show on March 5th, that Venus went comet as it went behind the sun earlier this month.

This video is from 2002 - to show you how it works.

On the topic of changing weather patterns, James McCanney noted that Earth is "relaxing from a major event;" namely the  passing of a celestial body (Venus), which temporarily blocked the sun's radiation and brought about the ice age. The electrical fields coming from the sun and weather on the sun itself also greatly affect Earth's conditions, he said. He believes that a number of weather manipulation methods are being tried out on our planet, but so far only over small regions.

McCanney also posited that the "mother continent" of Atlantis is located in the South China Sea and could have been submerged in a quick volcanic eruption. In sharing his research into Velikovsky's work, he said that his focus was on finding a world wide  event that could be traced across cultures. Velikovsky concluded that Venus entering our solar system as a comet was such an  event.

We're still waiting for the evening re-emergence of Venus from the glare of the Sun in May. On the 31st the planet is in superior conjunction. Then the Earth, Sun and Venus are lined up, with Venus on the far side of the Sun.  Venus and Mercury are both too close to the sun to observe right now.


Comet put on list of potential Earth impactors

  • 13:17 01 June 2005
  • news service
  • David L Chandler
Web Links

A comet has been added to the list of potentially threatening near-Earth objects maintained by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Comet Catalina 2005 JQ5 is the largest - and therefore most potentially devastating - of the 70 objects now being tracked. However, the chances of a collision are very low.

The listing of Comet Catalina underscores the uncertainty in the knowledge of whether comets or asteroids pose a greater threat to Earth. Previous estimates of the proportion of the impact risk posed by comets have varied widely, from 1% to 50%, with most recent estimates at the lower end.

But comets are larger and faster-moving, on average, so their impacts could be a significant part of the overall risk to human life. And, unlike asteroids, they lie on randomly-oriented and usually highly elongated orbits. This makes them much more likely to remain undiscovered until they are very close to Earth.

Comet Catalina was found by the Catalina Sky Survey, one of the six current, large-scale and automated search programmes for near-Earth asteroids. It was initially designated as an asteroid when first spotted on May 6. But was reclassified as a comet when observers saw characteristic fuzziness in the image, indicating ice and dust streaming off.

Its size is estimated at about 1 kilometre but Steve Chesley of JPL told New Scientist that this "could be off by a factor of a few" in either direction. If there is enough dusty coma to increase its brightness significantly, the nucleus itself might only be a few hundred metres across. But if there is very little dust, then because comets are quite dark, the nucleus could be larger than estimated, perhaps a few kilometres across, Chesley said. "So 1 kilometre is pretty much in the middle of the reasonable range."

Collision course?

On 26 May, JPL's unique orbital calculation software determined that Comet Catalina was on what could possibly be a collision course with Earth, though the odds of such an impact were small: just 1 chance in 300,000 of a strike on June 11, 2085. Based on the 1 kilometre size estimate, that  would produce a 6-gigaton impact - equivalent to 6 billion tonnes of TNT.

Astronomers expect the addition of further observations to the calculations to rule out any possibility of a collision, as happens with most newly- seen objects.

But that has not quite happened yet. With an extra week of data, the comet's predicted pathway actually drew even closer to making a perfect bull’s-eye with the Earth - its predicted path passes within 400 kilometres of where the centre of our 12,700-km-diameter planet will be around that time.

However, uncertainty in the exact timing of the comet’s pass through the line of Earth’s orbit dropped the odds of an impact to about 1 in 120 million. That is very low, but the observations so far cannot categorically rule a collision out.

Forceful outgassing

Chesley adds that even the slim 1 in 120 million odds are an overestimate, because comets, unlike asteroids, can move in unpredictable ways because of the forceful outgassing that creates their dusty comas and tails. The odds therefore might be wrong "by a factor of two or so" he said. The cut-off for inclusion on the list is 1 in 10 billion.

The only other comet placed on the JPL list of near-Earth objects with possible collision paths was added in 2003. But additional observations ruled out a possible impact - that comet was removed from the list after less than a week.

Just one other comet, Swift-Tuttle, has been recorded with a non-zero possibility of impact. It was rediscovered in 1992 - after more than a century's absence - before the JPL list was created.

Additional observations during Swift-Tuttle’s passage, thanks to the publicity surrounding the possible impact, made it possible to rule out the possibility of an Earth impact anytime in this millennium. However, Swift-Tuttle is on an orbit that will almost certainly cause it to crash into the Earth or the moon eventually.


Capsule Carrying Interstellar Samples Lands Safely

E. LEARY The night sky Sky Calendar. NightSky archives. Published: January 16, 2006

A spacecraft that could be a time capsule carrying the history of the solar system made a predawn landing in a muddy Utah desert yesterday, completing a seven-year journey of almost three billion miles with a fiery, pinpoint descent to Earth.

The craft, a 100-pound sample container jettisoned from the Stardust explorer and bearing comet and star dust, landed at the Utah Test and Training Range of the Air Force, southwest of Salt Lake City, at 5:10 a.m. Eastern time after the sequential deployment of its two parachutes.

There was no initial indication that a small stabilizing chute had deployed after the container's flaming re-entry into the atmosphere, causing a few tense moments among the scientists and engineers awaiting the Stardust's return in the landing area and at mission control at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory of NASA in Pasadena, Calif.

When the main parachute opened on time at an altitude of 10,000 feet, however, it could be seen by long-range infrared cameras and some ground observers, resulting in applause and cheers among flight controllers.

"All stations, we have touchdown," announced Thomas Duxbury, the mission project manager.

Mr. Duxbury said at a later news conference: "This thing went like clockwork. To see that thing in one piece on the floor of the desert is very moving."

The landing was particularly tense because of memories of an earlier National Aeronautics and Space Administration probe, the Genesis, which crashed in the same area in 2004 when its parachutes failed to open. Both craft shared similar design and landing systems. The Genesis' collector plates, which trapped solar particles during the craft's two-year mission, were shattered and contaminated, but scientists remain hopeful they can salvage some of the science.

After the Stardust touched down on the salt flats of the Utah desert, a recovery helicopter flew to its location but could not immediately find the capsule in the early morning darkness. The sample vessel, however, was found shortly before 6 a.m., and recovery teams on two other helicopters swooped in to help secure it.

Technicians lifted the capsule into a transport cradle and enclosed it in two bags before the lead helicopter flew it to nearby Michael Army Air Field, where a "clean room" was set up in a hangar to reduce the chance of contamination. There, masked and suited workers opened the capsule and began preparing it for transport later this week to a laboratory at the Johnson Space Center in Houston.

At the news conference, elated engineers and scientists said it was hard to describe their feelings now that the sample capsule was safely back on Earth. "Inside this thing is our treasure, our sample of the edge of the solar system that truly contains star dust," said Donald Brownlee of the University of Washington, the mission's principal investigator.

"We visited a comet, grabbed a piece of it and it landed here this morning," Dr. Brownlee said. "It's an incredible thrill."

Scientists believe that about a million samples of comet and interstellar dust, most of them less than one-tenth the width of a human hair, are locked inside the capsule. Researchers around the world are awaiting the samples, hoping they will provide clues to the origin of the planets and other bodies in the solar system.

The grains are believed to be pristine remains of the birth of the solar system some 4.6 billion years ago. Studying comets not only provides clues to how the solar system was formed but also could help explain how certain materials and conditions combined to form life, researchers said.

Scientists said the capsule would be cleaned of contamination, including mud and salt from the landing area, and opened in a couple of days to remove the samples for initial examination before they are shipped to Houston.

Mr. Duxbury said the Genesis experience was "a blessing" for the latest mission because it forced the team to re-examine everything about the Stardust's design and testing, and draft strategies for dealing with a possible mishap.

"We take our hats off to Genesis for making us much, much smarter," he said.

This final stage of the $212 million Stardust mission began four hours before landing, when the main spacecraft released the sample capsule thousands of miles from Earth, severing cables and using a spring device to push it free. Later, the mother craft fired rockets that pulled it away and placed it into a new orbit around the Sun.

The canister entered the Earth's atmosphere at a speed of 28,800 miles per hour, the fastest speed any human-made object has achieved entering the atmosphere, causing it to reach peak temperatures around 4,900 degrees Fahrenheit.

After its launching in 1999, the Stardust circled the Sun three times and even flew by the Earth in 2001 for a gravity boost to rendezvous with the comet Wild 2 near Jupiter. The spacecraft came within 149 miles of the comet on Jan. 2, 2004, deploying shields to protect itself from cometary dust while extending a collector filled with a material called aerogel. This low-density silicon material, called "glass smoke" because it is composed of 99.8 percent air, gently slowed and trapped particles without significantly altering or damaging them.

During its long cruise periods, the Stardust also spent 195 days collecting the particles from stars that constantly flow through the solar system from far out in space.

"This has been a fantastic opportunity to collect the most primitive material in the solar system," Dr. Brownlee said. "We fully expect some of the comet particles to be older than the Sun."


Stardust: Comet “Treasure” is Retrieved

By A.J.S. Rayl
January 15, 2006
Stardust sample return capsule lands in Utah
Stardust sample return capsule lands in Utah Stardust's sample return capsule successfully landed at the U.S. Air Force Utah Test and Training Range at 2:10 a.m. Pacific Standard Time, 3:10 a.m. Mountain Standard Time. The capsule contains cometary and interstellar samples gathered by the spacecraft during its 7-year journey. Color: True color. Created: 15 January 2006. Credit: NASA / JPL

The Stardust capsule – which holds the world’s first samples from a comet ever returned to Earth – has been retrieved and is now in a clean room inside a hangar at the Michael Army Air Field.

The capsule, which was reported to have bounced five times before it settled down near the middle of its landing ellipse early this morning on the Air Force’s Utah Test & Training Range, appeared to be in excellent shape, although the recovery crew did find pieces of the heat shield nearby.

The salt and mud the capsule picked up on landing and any other possible contamination will be cleaned off. Then, at some point in the next day or two, technicians will open the capsule and remove the samples for a cursory examination before they are packed for shipment Tuesday to a special repository at the Johnson Space Center (JSC).

It’s hard to describe what it feels like to be at this point,” said Stardust principal investigator Don Brownlee at a post-landing press conference in Utah.  “The most spectacular part of this mission for me happened about 5 minutes before it landed. We snuck outside and went down to the end of the fence, which is pretty far down range . . . and then we saw something up there and it looked like Mars, it was bright and a reddish color, but it was get brighter and moving . . . the Moon was up in the sky, a ghostly white color . . . but this other object was red by contrast  . . . a meteor flying through the sky . . . and from our view, even though we knew this was coming from space it looked like it was climbing in the sky – and then we saw this glowing trail behind it.”

Nodding to the video of the recovery team walking around the capsule at the landing site that playing on the monitors, Brownlee, of the University of Washington, Seattle, continued: “Inside this thing is our treasure – our sample from the early solar system, that truly contains stardust,” “We traveled almost 3 billion miles in space. We visited a comet, grabbed a piece of it, and it landed here this morning. It’s an incredible thrill.”

At JSC, the team will further analyze, verify, and section the cosmic dust particles, which will be housed in the same building as the only other samples that we have brought back from another body – the Moon rocks, and other meteorites.

Stardust is wheeled into clean room at Michael Army Air Field
Stardust is wheeled into clean room at Michael Army Air Field
This NASA TV image shows the Stardust sample return capsule being wheeled into a temporary clean room at the Michael Army Air Field in Utah. Inside the capsule is precious cargo that includes cometary and interstellar samples gathered by the spacecraft. The capsule's science canister is safely stowed inside a special aluminum carrying case awaiting transportation to the Johnson Space Center, Houston, where it will be opened. Color: True color. Created: 15 January 2006. Credit: NASA / JPL

Since Wild 2 is believed to hail from the Kuiper belt, way out there close to the edge of the solar system, the comet samples are the world's first preserved samples of the fundamental building blocks of our solar system that formed 4.6 billion years ago. Unique chemical and physical data that may hold the record of the formation of the planets and the materials from which they were made are locked within these particles.

“We will open capsule in two days and remove first samples a couple of days later,” Brownlee said. “What we want to compare [the samples] to most is the dirt that created meteorites . . . comparing the ones at edge of solar system and least changed to those that have come inside the solar system and have been modified by various processes. Here we’ve got samples for a comet that is least changed . . . it is a treasure . . . all the atoms in our bodies and Earth were in stardust before solar system formed . . . we are stardust . . . we’re still amazed.”

All told, team members expect, if they’re lucky, they will get at least a thimbleful of the cosmic dust from the 101-pound capsule that is now the star of this $212 million dollar NASA Discovery mission. It sounds like an incredibly small amount, but inside that thimble-full the scientists are expecting to have about one million samples, most of them 10 to 20 microns in size. The scientists believe that in-depth terrestrial analyses of these samples will reveal not only a lot about comets, but about the earliest history of the solar system, and, perhaps -- because “we are all stardust” – a little something about ourselves.

Once the sample processing procedures are completed, a small number of the samples will be isolated for a preliminary study, and the rest to be made available to scientists around the world for research.


Stardust enters Earth's atmosphere
Stardust enters Earth's atmosphere
The Stardust sample return capsule flareed into a brilliant fireball as it entered Earth's atmosphere on January 15, 2006. This photo was captured by NASA's DC-8 Airborne Laboratory. Credit: NASA / Ames Research Center

The Stardust return capsule landed in pre-dawn darkness and windy conditions on the salt flats of the Utah range this morning at 3:10 a.m. local or Mountain Standard Time (MST)  / 2:10 a.m. Pacific Standard Time (PST), two minutes early and intact.

“All stations, we have touchdown,” announced Stardust Project Manager Tom Duxbury. You could hear the sighs of relief as they rippled out along the airwaves via the Internet and NASA TV.

It was the conclusion of a 7-year, 4.63 billion kilometer (2.88 billion mile) round-trip journey to comet Wild 2 (pronounced Vilt two), which took Stardust around the Sun three times, beyond Mars and the asteroid belt -- as far out as half-way to Jupiter, and back in time 4.5 billion years to gather its precious treasure from the comet’s nucleus. At other points during its long cruise phases, Stardust spent 195 days collecting interstellar dust samples, particles from stars that flow from outer space into the solar system.

The most intense moments during Stardust’s descent came when the instruments seemed not to show any indication that the stabilizing or drogue parachute opened when it should have at 32 kilometers (105,000 feet) – and no doubt minds raced back to September 2004 when Stardust’s sister mission, Genesis, crash landed because its parachutes failed to deploy.

Stardust was literally on fire when it re-entered the Earth’s atmosphere. Traveling at 12.8 kilometers or 8 miles per second, more than 10 times faster than a speeding bullet or fast enough to go from San Francisco to Los Angeles in one minute, at a velocity greater than any human-made object on record, the comet chaser reached peak temperatures of around 4,900 degrees Fahrenheit and set a new record as the fastest returning spacecraft.

Any fears that Stardust might also crash land, however, were laid to rest just minutes later when the main parachute opened on time at an altitude of about 3 kilometers (10,000 feet). The capsule’s dramatic slow down – and the chute -- could be seen via the long-range infrared cameras, as well as some of the ground observers.

“All stations, the main chute is open. We’re coming down slowly,” announced Stardust Project Manager Tom Duxbury. At the landing area in Utah, and at the mission control room at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) the cheers and applause drown the nominal silence. [As it turned out, later examination of the infrared video did clearly seem to clearly indicate the drogue chute had opened.]

Stardust coming in
Stardust coming in
An infrared camera captured this image of the Stardust sample return capsule as it descended to the Utah Test and Training Range. Color: True color. Created: 15 January 2006. Credit: NASA / JPL

Genesis was a big blessing for us,” Duxbury said later at the press conference. “Based on Genesis’ experience, we re-examined everything, looked at all designs and testing and verified for ourselves that everything was working. We take our hats off to Genesis for making us much smarter, and much more sure when we came in.”

The first of three helicopters was sent in moments after Stardust landed to begin the recovery operation of the return capsule. Despite having the coordinates, infrared instruments to scan the desert floor, and on and off beacon contact with the capsule, recovery operations crew members had some difficulty homing in on it. The range is large and the capsule small, but within 30 minutes they had locked on to the spacecraft, and landed. The second helicopter followed minutes later and the third followed suit minutes after that and the recovery was in full swing.

The recovery team circled the capsule on foot, and visually examined it, then wrapped up or “bagged” it, lifted it onto a spacecraft gurney, and flew it to the clean room at the Michael Army Air Field, taking whatever precautions they could to reduce contamination. In the clean room, technicians were still examining the capsule when the press conference began.

Now that the team has the comet and interstellar dust samples, they are going to have to search the grids for the comet and interstellar dust particles before they can analyze them. But the grains are so few and so tiny that the scientists expect that they will be completely lost within the cracked and imperfect surface of the aerogel collector that has spent 7 years in space. In fact, they expect they will be so embedded that the scientists are asking for the public's help to search for the interstellar dust via an Internet-based project called Stardust@home, inspired by the long-running Seti@home.

Aerogel sample collector on Stardust
Aerogel sample collector on Stardust
Credit: NASA / JPL

Stardust@home will be a hands-on activity, however, unlike SETI@home where one’s computer processed all the data. Scientists at the Space Sciences Laboratory at the University of California at Berkeley (UCB) will create "movies" of each tiny section of the aerogel collectors -- 1.6 million movies in all. Each of these movies will be sent electronically to volunteers around the world, who will inspect them for the telltale signs of interstellar dust particles. Since no one knows exactly what these dust tracks will look like, the human eye – and good old-fashioned human intelligence – will be better at spotting them than a computer program. Therefore, each volunteer scanner will need to pass a test by spotting tracks made in test samples.  The Stardust@home team will also keep scanners vigilant by occasionally throwing into the mix a “ringer” – an artificially made track – to see if the volunteer scanners find it.

As an official collaborator in the project, The Planetary Society has put out an all-call to recruit users. To be part of be part of Stardust@home, you will need an easily downloadable "virtual microscope" and some basic online training, and a desire to really do the research, according to Bruce Betts, the Society’s director of projects. The public can begin signing up with Stardust@home in mid-March.

Meanwhile, the Stardust “mothership,” which performed a divert burn maneuver about 15 minutes after releasing the return capsule late Saturday night, is now in an orbit going around the Sun. Along for that ride is a microchip that contains the names of all Planetary Society members from around the world at the time of the mission’s launch, the first such collection of names from the public to have made a round trip to space and back.

While that could be the end of it, the Stardust mothership could, theoretically, go back into the field and work some more, Duxbury and Brownlee said. Designed in the late 1980s, it features two complete sets of electronics – and, according to Duxbury, “probably has many years left.” It’s also still got 17 kilograms of propellant and thus could spend a lot of time in cruise mode, although it could not bring anything back because it’s used the one return capsule. Its fate rests in the hands of NASA.

No matter what happens now, Stardust has met its mission objectives and delivered the bounty, an example, said Duxbury “of what a lot of hard work and a little luck” can achieve.

It’s impossible at this point to truly understand the significance of these samples, but, as Brownlee noted, comets are “libraries” that store information. “And I expect textbooks in the future will have a lot more information on the formation of the solar system because of these samples.”



C/2006 A1 (Pojmanski)

Orbital Elements

The following orbital elements are taken from MPC 55982:
C/2006 A1 (Pojmanski)
T 2006 Feb. 22.1810 TT                                  MPC
q   0.555403             (2000.0)            P               Q
                   Peri.  351.1865      -0.8401857      -0.1554298
                   Node   211.3418      -0.4164482      -0.4287357
e   1.0            Incl.   92.7398      -0.3473599      +0.8899591
From 121 observations 2006 Jan. 4-Feb. 17.
An explanation of the orbital elements is available.


This comet is seen near Mercury near sunset.

See it Now: New Comet Brightens Rapidly

By Joe Rao Skywatching Columnist
posted: 24 February 2006
06:43 am ET

During the next couple of weeks skywatchers will be turning their attention to a newly discovered comet that has just swept past the Sun and will soon cruise past Earth on its way back out toward the depths of the outer solar system. 

Astronomers, who attempt to forecast the future characteristics and behavior of these cosmic vagabonds, have found this new object to be a better-than-average performer. 

The comet is now visible with a simple pair of binoculars, and it's also dimly visible to the naked eye if you know precisely where to look.

The discovery

The first word about this new comet (catalogued as C/2006 A1) came from the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, Massachusetts, which serves as the clearinghouse in the United States for astronomical discoveries.  The SAO also serves in that capacity as an agency of the International Astronomical Union. 

On Jan. 2, Grzegorz Pojmanski at the Warsaw University Astronomical Observatory discovered a faint comet on a photograph that was taken on New Year's Day from the Las Campanas Observatory in La Serena, Chile, as part of the All Sky Automated Survey (ASAS).  A confirmation photograph was taken on Jan. 4.  Later a prediscovery image of the comet dating back to Dec. 29, 2005 was also found. 

Interestingly, about seven hours after Pojmanski detected the comet, another astronomer, Dr. Kazimieras Cernis at the Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astronomy at Vilnius, Lithuania, spotted it on ultraviolet images taken a few days earlier from the SOHO satellite.  Despite this, however, the comet bears only Pojmanski's name.

Getting closer

A preliminary orbit for the new comet was quickly calculated.  At the time of its discovery, the comet was about 113 million miles (181 million kilometers) from the Sun. But orbital elements indicated that on Feb. 22 it would be passing closest to the Sun (called "perihelion") at a distance of 51.6 million miles—not quite half the Earth's average distance from the Sun.

At the time of its discovery, the comet shone at a feeble magnitude of roughly 11 to 12, which is about 100 times dimmer than the faintest stars that can be perceived with the unaided eye.  In addition, Comet Pojmanski was buried in the deep southern part of the sky, among the stars of the constellation of Indus (the Indian), and accessible only to observers in the Southern Hemisphere. 

But since its discovery, the comet has steadily been progressing on a northward path. 

Finally, the comet is becoming poised for visibility for Northern Hemisphere skywatchers, and it is expected to put on its best showing during the last days of February and the first week of March in the dawn morning sky.

What to expect

Preliminary predictions indicated that the comet would dutifully brighten as it approached the Sun. At perihelion, the most optimistic forecasts had Comet Pojmanski attaining a magnitude of +6.5 (generally considered the threshold of naked-eye visibility). 

The comet had other plans, however, and has been increasing in brightness at a much faster pace. 

On Feb. 7, Andrew Pearce, observing from Nedlands in Western Australia, caught the comet already shining at magnitude +6.4. "This comet appears to be brightening rapidly," noted Mr. Pearce, adding that a faint tail was also becoming visible.  Twelve days later, the comet had brightened nearly a full magnitude, according to Mr. Pearce, reaching +5.4.  On February 20, Luis Mansilla at the Canopus Observatory in Rosario, Argentina was able to see the comet in 7x50 binoculars despite interference from the Moon and haze near the horizon.  He estimated its brightness at +5.3. 

Currently, Comet Pojmanski is shining at around magnitude 5, which is roughly about the same brightness as the faintest star in the bowl of the Little Dipper. Sharp-eyed observers in a dark, clear sky can actually glimpse it without any optical aid. 

The comet is located in the zodiacal constellation of Capricornus, the Sea Goat.  Beginning Feb. 27, skywatchers in the Northern Hemisphere can try locating it, very low above the horizon, somewhat south of due east about 90 minutes before sunrise.  You can use Venus as a guide on this morning: the comet will be situated roughly 7 degrees to the left and slightly below the brilliant planet (the width of your fist held at arm's length and projected against the sky is roughly equal to 10 degrees).

As viewed from midnorthern latitudes, Comet Pojmanski will be positioned a little higher above the horizon each morning at the start of morning twilight.  While it's only 5 degrees high on Feb. 27, this quickly improves to 10 degrees by March 2; 16 degrees by March 5 and 22 degrees (more than "two fists" up from the horizon) by March 9.

What you can see

In the early morning sky it can be readily picked up in binoculars looking like a small, circular patch of light with a bluish-white hue and an almost star-like center. 

The comet will passing closest to Earth on March 5, when it be 71.7 million miles (115.4 million kilometers) away. 

In small telescopes the comet's gaseous head or "coma" should appear roughly 1/6 of the Moon's apparent diameter as seen from Earth (an actual linear diameter of 209,000 miles or 335,000 kilometers).  It will also likely display a short, faint narrow tail composed chiefly of ionized gases.

Well-known comet expert, John E. Bortle of Stormville, New York compares the view of Comet Pojmanski to that of an "apple on a stick; typical of dust-poor comets." 

After March 5, the comet will be receding from both the Sun and Earth and rapidly fade as it heads back out into space, beyond the limits of the outer solar system. 

Basic Sky Guides

Joe Rao serves as an instructor and guest lecturer at New York's Hayden Planetarium. He writes about astronomy for The New York Times and other publications, and he is also an on-camera meteorologist for News 12 Westchester, New York.



1 AU, or astronomical unit, is the distance from the Sun to Earth, or about 93 million miles.

Magnitude is the standard by which astronomers measure the apparent brightness of objects that appear in the sky. The lower the number, the brighter the object. The brightest stars in the sky are categorized as zero or first magnitude. Negative magnitudes are reserved for the most brilliant objects: the brightest star is Sirius (-1.4); the full Moon is -12.7; the Sun is -26.7. The faintest stars visible under dark skies are around +6.

Degrees measure apparent sizes of objects or distances in the sky, as seen from our vantage point. The Moon is one-half degree in width. The width of your fist held at arm's length is about 10 degrees. The distance from the horizon to the overhead point (called the zenith) is equal to 90 degrees.

Declination is the angular distance measured in degrees, of a celestial body north or south of the celestial equator. If, for an example, a certain star is said to have a declination of +20 degrees, it is located 20 degrees north of the celestial equator. Declination is to a celestial globe as latitude is to a terrestrial globe.

Arc seconds are sometimes used to define the measurement of a sky object's angular diameter. One degree is equal to 60 arc minutes. One arc minute is equal to 60 arc seconds. The Moon appears (on average), one half-degree across, or 30 arc minutes, or 1800 arc seconds. If the disk of Mars is 20 arc seconds across, we can also say that it is 1/90 the apparent width of the Moon (since 1800 divided by 20 equals 90).

COMET #10 

Space Weather News for April 7, 2006

Dying comet 73P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 3 continues to break apart. Astronomers are tracking at least 20 fragments approaching Earth for a harmless but beautiful close encounter in May.

In particular, fragment B of the comet has brightened 15-fold since April 2nd. This signals a possible breakup of "73P-B" into even more fragments.  Amateur astronomers with backyard telescopes and CCD cameras can monitor the ongoing disintegration.  Visit for sky maps, images more information.



INCOMING COMET 2006  (October 28, 2006)


New Comet Discovered by SkyGuide David Levy - Live Broadcast of the Comet & Special Edition of 'David Levy's Sky' Monday 10/9

CANARY ISLANDS, Spain, Oct. 5 /PRNewswire/ -- Renowned comet hunter David Levy discovered Comet C/2006 T1 on Monday, marking his twenty-second find. Soon after hosting his live web broadcast on, Levy turned his telescope towards Saturn and was astonished to find the unexpected object close by the ringed planet. The International Astronomical Union confirmed his discovery Tuesday.

Slooh will broadcast live images of the comet throughout the week -- culminating in a special edition of "David Levy's Sky" at 9:00PM EDT Monday, October 9. "I look forward to seeing the comet live thorough the Slooh Telescopes and sharing my story of discovery with its global membership," said Levy. " allows astronomy to be enjoyed as a true international sport."

The soon to be launched "Slooh Discovery Project" will empower everyday people to make their own amazing astronomical discoveries by expanding Slooh's telescope network to new continents, and coordinating with distinguished comet and supernova hunters worldwide.



COMET SWAN: There's a new comet in the night sky, Comet Swan. At present, it is too dim for the naked eye, but "the comet is a spectacular sight through binoculars or a small telescope," reports Chris Schur of Payson, Arizona. In Leeds, UK, Tony Cook took this picture of Swan's sinuous tail:

Ready to see for yourself? Set your alarm before dawn; the comet rises just ahead of the morning sun. "Look behind the back leg of the Great Bear," advises Cook. "You should be able to make out a greenish fuzzball of 6th magnitude." Sky maps: Oct. 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th.

Good news: The comet is swinging around the sun and by the second week of October it will be visible in the evening sky at a more civilized hour. Although it is not expected to become much brighter than it is now, Comet Swan should remain an easy target for backyard telescopes for weeks to come.

more images: from Chris Schur of Payson, Arizona (9/30); from Vincent Jacques of Breil, France (9/28).


#13 -HOT COMET:  Comet McNaught (C/2006 P1) is plunging toward the Sun. It won't hit, but at closest approach on Jan. 13th it will be much closer to the Sun than the planet Mercury. The comet will experience fierce heating and it could brighten considerably, emerging from the encounter brighter than a 1st magnitude star.

For the next few mornings, northerners can see Comet McNaught before it disappears into the Sun's glare.  It's an easy target for binoculars hanging low in the eastern sky at sunrise. After Jan. 11th, only SOHO (the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory) will be able to track the comet as it angles toward the bright Sun.  SOHO images are posted in near-real time on the Internet, so you can watch the comet-sun encounter and see what happens

Space Weather News for Jan. 7, 2006

BRIGHTENING COMET:  Comet McNaught is plunging toward the sun and brightening dramatically.  It is now visible to the unaided eye both at sunset and at dawn. Amateur photographers have found that they can take pictures of the comet using off-the-shelf digital cameras with exposure times less than a second.  Estimated visual magnitude: between 0 and -1.

To see Comet McNaught, a clear view of the horizon is essential. In the morning, go outside and face east.  The comet emerges just ahead of the rising sun. In the evening, face the other way--west. The comet pops out of the western twilight as soon as the sun sets.  Binoculars reveal a pretty, gaseous tail.

Northern observers are favored.  The long, dark mornings and evenings of Canada, Scandinavia and Alaska are ideal for viewing this comet so close to the Sun.  But the comet has been sighted in other places, too, as far south as Kansas in the United States and Italy in Europe.

COMET MCNAUGHT: When the sun sets tonight, go outside immediately and look west. You may see the brightest comet in thirty years hanging just above the horizon.

"What a beautiful sight! Last night, comet McNaught (C/2006 P1) was easily visible to the naked eye and even more stunning in 10x50 binoculars," reports Chris Cook of Cape Cod, Massachusetts. "The star-like nucleus glowed with a golden hue as a broad elegant tail extended more than one degree: image."

In Reykjavik, Iceland, photographer Islandia Geomatics caught the comet chasing an airplane:

Brightest comets seen since 1935

Below are listed, in order of apparent brightness (magnitude), the brightest comets observed by ground-based observers since 1935, as documented in the ICQ archive and IAU Circulars. The "peak m1" is the maximum observed total visual magnitude as seen by ground-based observers; this is an average value determined from the most experienced observers (in other words, some brighter magnitudes have been excluded for some comets). Peak magnitudes in parentheses are more highly uncertain (or not completely determined). Only those brighter than fourth magnitude are listed here.

One can see from this that, on average, we are able to view a comet that is brighter than fourth magnitude once every two years, a comet brighter than second mag once every 5.5 years or so, a comet brighter than first magnitude every 10 years or so, and a comet brighter than mag 0 roughly once every 15 years; of course, sometimes there will be two bright comets in a span of a year, while at other times there will be a 20-year interval between such apparitions. [updated 2007 Jan. 9]

  m1         Comet
 ----     ----------------------
(-7)       C/1965 S1 (Ikeya-Seki)
(-4)       C/1947 X1 (Southern comet)
 -3.0      C/1975 V1 (West)
(-2)       C/2006 P1 (McNaught)
 -0.8      C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp)

(-0.5)     C/1956 R1 (Arend-Roland)
(-0.5)     C/2002 V1 (NEAT)
  0.0      C/1996 B2 (Hyakutake)
  0.0      C/1969 Y1 (Bennett)
  0.5      C/1998 J1 (SOHO)

  1.0      C/1948 V1 (Eclipse comet)
  1.0      C/1957 P1 (Mrkos)
  1.0      C/1962 C1 (Seki-Lines)
 (1)       C/1970 K1 (White-Ortiz-Bolelli)
  1.7      C/1983 H1 (IRAS-Araki-Alcock)

 (2)       C/1941 B2 (de Kock-Paraskevopoulos)
 (2.2)     C/2002 T7 (LINEAR)
  2.4     1P/1982 U1 (Halley)
  2.5      C/1973 E1 (Kohoutek)
  2.5      C/2000 WM_1 (LINEAR)

  2.7      C/1964 N1 (Ikeya)
  2.8      C/2001 Q4 (NEAT)
  2.8      C/1989 W1 (Aarseth-Brewington)
  2.8      C/1963 A1 (Ikeya)
  2.9   153P/2002 C1 (Ikeya-Zhang)

  3.0      C/2001 A2 (LINEAR)
  3.3      C/1936 K1 (Peltier)
 (3.3)     C/2004 F4 (Bradfield)
  3.5      C/2004 Q2 (Machholz)
  3.5      C/1942 X1 (Whipple-Fedtke-Tevzadze)

  3.5      C/1940 R2 (Cunningham)
  3.5      C/1939 H1 (Jurlof-Achmarof-Hassel)
  3.5      C/1959 Y1 (Burnham)
  3.5      C/1969 T1 (Tago-Sato-Kosaka)
  3.5      C/1980 Y1 (Bradfield)

 (3.5)     C/1961 O1 (Wilson-Hubbard)
 (3.5)     C/1955 L1 (Mrkos)
  3.6      C/1990 K1 (Levy)
  3.7      C/1975 N1 (Kobayashi-Berger-Milon)
  3.9      C/1974 C1 (Bradfield)
  3.9      C/1937 N1 (Finsler)

More from the ICQ archive: During 1950-2003, there were three documented cases of two comets being observed via naked eye at the same general time (though not necessarily from the same geographical location or same instantaneous time) -- all three cases being with both comets at total visual mag 5-6 at the time. There were more than a dozen additional cases during that 5-decade span in which two (or sometimes even three) comets were being observed at the same general time where both (or all three) comets were at mag 6.5 or brighter. Some of these may indeed have been detected via naked eye, though magnitude estimates are not available in the archive to substantiate this. The example of C/2001 Q4 and C/2002 T7 being both brighter than fourth magnitude during a period of time in 2004 April-May, joined unexpectedly and briefly by C/2004 F4, is thus highly unusual.




Has this ever happened before?  Where is the comet tail its supposed to have?

anti-tail or anomalous tail

When a comet's tail appears to be pointing toward the Sun, this is called an anti-tail or anomalous tail. In reality, the tail only appears to be pointing toward the Sun. To get an anti-tail, the comet must produce large ("heavy") dust particles. If this happens, these particles are left along the comet's orbit instead of being pushed away from the Sun and the comet's orbit by light pressure. Often dusty comets will produce particules of different sizes creating a fan-shaped appearance. The smallest dust will be pushed directly away from the Sun (like the gas tail) and the largest will be left in the comet's orbit. When a comet is close to the Sun, the angle of this fan can be 90 degrees or larger. If the Earth-comet-Sun geometry is correct, the dust in the comet's orbit will appear to point toward the Sun. [Try this...make a right (90 degree) angle with your thumb and index finger. Your index finger is the main tail and your thumb is the dust left in the comet's orbit. Point your finger and thumb directly away from you (keeping the angle 90 degrees). Your finger seems to be going in exactly the opposite direct from the thumb. This is what causes an anti-tail.]


Part of the dust tail of a comet that seems to point, often like a spike, toward the Sun. This rare phenomenon is an illusion caused by the viewing geometry and typically occurs when Earth crosses the plane of a comet’s orbit when the comet is relatively close to the Sun. Under these circumstances, the cometary dust, which lies in a thin sheet and lags behind the comet, may be seen edge-on as an antitail.


Naught to beat this great, bright comet

John Yeld
    January 19 2007 at 06:43AM

Halley's was hugely disappointing, Hale-Bopp was striking in a limited kind of way, but Comet McNaught is breathtakingly beautiful.

After two nights of playing "catch me if you can" with stargazers while dodging behind clouds, mist and rain, the latest of the "Great Comets" finally decided to grace the sky along the Atlantic seaboard with wonderful views on Wednesday night.

While those inland have been disappointed, a group of comet watchers waiting on the slopes of Table Mountain got what they had been waiting for: a world-class view of the comet.

By 8.15pm, Venus was clearly visible, but Comet McNaught - named after the Australian astronomer who discovered it from Siding Spring on August 7 last year when it was still 200 000 times too faint to see with the unaided eye - remained elusive.
Then, just five minutes later, University of Cape Town physics lecturer Gregor Leigh called out excitedly: "I can see it!"

In the next few minutes, all the others in the party also picked it up: a bright, shining head, pointing down towards the horizon, with a broad stubby tail streaming out behind it - just slightly to the left of where the sun had set and only marginally lower in the sky than Venus.

For the next 50 minutes or so, as the sky grew darker, they all watched entranced as the head glowed and the star-speckly tail increased in intensity and length and appeared to develop a slight curve as the comet "dropped" towards the horizon.

"I've seen three or four comets and I think this was the best," Leigh said.

"It's clear and it looks like the comets traditionally drawn in medieval pictures. It's an extremely beautiful thing."

Although best viewed through binoculars, the comet was clearly visible with the naked eye, because unlike previous much-hyped comets - Halley's and Shoemaker-Levy come to mind - McNaught is massive: just more than half a hand long.

It made its closest approach to the sun last weekend, and should be visible until Sunday, appearing higher in the sky each night but also getting dimmer.

Dave Laney of the SA Astronomical Observatory, who has been watching McNaught, said this comet, like others, was proving unpredictable. It was supposed to have been visible until about Friday.

He explained that most comets were found in the Oort Cloud part of the outer solar system beyond the orbit of Pluto (recently downgraded to "dwarf planet").

They are often called "dirty snowballs" because they consist largely of chunks of ice and dust.

They are survivors from the early solar system, and are also small - usually only a few kilometres across.

"If their orbits are disturbed only slightly, they can plunge into the inner solar system, where we see the glowing cloud of evaporated gas and dust around the tiny solid lump, while the pressure of sunlight and of particles streaming outward from the sun can push some of the cloud, or 'coma', into the classic 'tail', which always points away from the sun," said Laney.

Comets' tails can reach enormous lengths, many million of kilometres long, but the amount of gas in each of them is minute - it could fit inside a soccer ball!

This may be Comet McNaught's only "visit" to Earth.

University of Manchester astronomer Albert Zijlstra, who is currently visiting the SA Astronomical Observatory, explained that comets would normally be expected to return to the outer solar system, although on an orbit that would eventually return to the sun.

"We do not yet know the precise orbit of Comet McNaught, but current estimates indicate it may be travelling on an orbit that will allow it to escape the sun altogether.

"This can happen if a comet picked up some extra speed while falling towards the sun, from coming too close to a planet - spacecraft travelling to the outer planets use the same trick, normally using the gravity of Jupiter.

"If this is correct, Comet McNaught will never come back to Earth. Instead it will leave the solar system, and may eventually, after millions of years, fall towards another star."

Although other comets are expected to become visible - typically, there are a few each decade - it may be decades before one as bright as McNaught comes along.

"Or we may be lucky and get another one this year - but don't bet on it," Zijlstra said.

This article was originally published on page 8 of Pretoria News on January 19, 2007



radiOrbit - From:


September 30, 2006, 04:19:21 PM
  Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet  
  Topic: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
Kent Steadman
  Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« on: September 28, 2006, 06:48:01 AM »

Links: [best translation I can get]

Cool pic but I have no idea if the discovery and claims of October NEO are valid:
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #1 on: September 28, 2006, 07:06:33 AM »

Hi Kent.. am looking now and mainly picking up what you already have.. + a couple of Russian pages.
Comet prophecies may indicate the Hopi blue star Kachina - see
Will keep looking and post if I find anything
Kent Steadman
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #2 on: September 28, 2006, 07:21:47 AM »

This probablyly has notthing to do with nothing, but this SOHO C3 image on 9/11 troubles me

It is not a known planet and way to substantial to be a particle hit or pixel glitch.

Although does not look like a comet either.
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #3 on: September 28, 2006, 09:13:35 AM »

Yes that image intrigues me too.. looks like the images you have ( LOL somewhere ) in your archives of late of the Babylonian Sungod with wings.. the winged solar disk.. in fact it looks identical to me.
ah found it at...............
The thing is : IS IT REALLY THERE or is it some magnetic imprint to alert certain  people to something. ( I use the words magnetic imprint lightly  I am not of scientific or intellectual mind )
I am sure that you have this link :;read=93191 which in turn links to two other pages in Russian .. one clearly shows a comet
but the other one doesn't seem to mention it  as far as I can see.. picture wise or the word kometa.
I reserve judgement but strange things happen of late.. will keep looking
I have still found no other reference to the mega comet  as of  7 pm south african time.. maybe search a bit more .
« Last Edit: September 28, 2006, 12:58:16 PM by tabi »  
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #4 on: September 28, 2006, 12:49:19 PM »

bardo...other than the recent mantion of this guy, i can find only one reference to nikolay fedorovsky...and it's over a hundred years old...

hard to say at this point...will keep looking...




The medical department of the Society consisted of general practitioners, dentists, pharmacists, veterinaries. The persons bringing in no less than 30 roubles were simultaneously included to be the members of the Society, and those bringing in 100 roubles became the honoured members. By February, 1903 166 persons were the actual members of the Society. The transfers of costs by doctors and public figures not only for own regional organizations but also for professional associations in other provinces were the interesting feature of development of homoeopathic Societies in the Russian Empire. Here we should mention Nikolay Fedorovsky, YeEvgraf Dyukov, the Boyanus family.
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #5 on: September 28, 2006, 03:26:01 PM »

i think this is the original article...still have no idea as to it's authenticity...



On September, 15th 17:30

To the Earth the huge comet moves!

Sensational opening was made by Russian scientist-astronomer Nikolay Fedorovsky. According to its(his) calculations and supervision, to the Earth the megacomet which will fall in the end of October comes nearer.

" About the Tungus meteorite too anybody nothing knew, and then it(he) has safely fallen in Siberia ", - writes Nikolay Fedorovsky.

The scientist has found out object in the end of August, it(he) moved on a paraboloidal trajectory with suspiciously big speed. Approximate calculations of speed have shown, that the heavenly body applies at least for an asteroid.

Nikolay Fedorovsky has contacted the Kiev observatory, however there have not confirmed and have not denied the fact of approach(approximation) of an asteroid to the Earth.

" Very few people knows, that comets different  on a regular basis pass (take place) on the minimal distance from the Earth. Pass(take place) not noticed - whether poorly what trifle flies around of a planet. To take even ?-?? in 95 year ", - marks(celebrates) ??.
white walks red...
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #6 on: September 28, 2006, 05:52:36 PM »

weirder still...

check out this other fedorovsky...and his research topic...

Abstract: F7.00056 : Experimental investigation of rock fracture under impact pulse and static loading

that's big word speak for what might happen to mother earth if she gets whacked with a big rock...



2005 14th APS Topical Conference on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter
Sunday–Friday, July 31–August 5 2005; Baltimore, MD
Session F7: Poster Session I
5:30 PM–5:30 PM, Monday, August 1, 2005
Hyatt Regency - MD Suite 5:30-7:00pm, Mon

Chair: Gerrit Sutherland, Naval Surface Warfare Center, Indian Head; Clint Hall, Sandia National Laboratories

Abstract: F7.00056 : Experimental investigation of rock fracture under impact pulse and static loading
Preview Abstract

  Yuri Petrov
  Svetlana Atroshenko
  Alexei Gruzdkov
  Georgy Fedorovsky
  Sergei Krivosheev
  Alexander Utkin
  Grigory Volkov
    (Research Center of Dynamics of the St.-Petersburg State University)

For study of dynamic crack formation, shock loading in microsecond range using magnetic pulse installation was carried out. Testing specimens in the form of plate with the middle through notch was used. The load was applied to the faces of notch. The length of growing crack was established in testing. Spall fracture was investigated under impact applied to the end of rod specimens with determination of threshold fracture amplitudes. Propagation velocities of longitudinal and transverse waves in the mediums were measured using laser interferometer. Initial density of materials was measured. Static testing was conducted for identification of the main characteristics of dynamic and static strength of particular rocks. Static testing was realized using rupture machine under deformation velocity 10 mm/min of rod and beam specimens without notch, and also long plates and beam with notch, under uniaxial tension and three points bending. Investigation of surface and profile fracture was carried out using microscopy. The main parameters for dynamic range were determined using analytical solution of corresponding crack problems of mechanics for plate with notch and for rod subjected to threshold load. The main parameters of this approach are incubation time, static strength and fracture toughness.
white walks red...
Kent Steadman
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #7 on: September 28, 2006, 08:38:49 PM »

Subject: Comet - Here is my translation

9/28/2006 12:42:31 P.M. Pacific Daylight Time
Hi Kent.
If interested post it



Discoveries - this is fantasy. It is the well-known fact that all large celestial bodies, located at a distance of up to 15 billion light years from the sun, have long ago been discovered. But the stars of special interest are not represented, for simple reason, that is present stage of the development of science and the distance which makes their careful study is impossible. And all reasoning and even in scientific works as in this paper are of speculative nature. In the essence thus far this is similar to the individual study of each atom of one molecule without the microscope. The object, observed today at night (4:32 on Moscow), from all key parameters is star. On all, with exception of it's high-speed, "star" is moving along the parabolic trajectory with the suspiciously high speed. After hour observation, I have fixed the coordinates of "star". The approximation calculations of speed showed that the celestial body pretends, as a minimum, to be an asteroid. I mean I can pretend to have discovered it... Only asteroid is anomalously large. Not -et, soon, this is the fantasy:)


I caught myself in the thought, that I assume the nearing of asteroid as the given. I ask myself, what it will do. Question is in that "what". Interesting detail. In 1986 the Americans noticed the asteroid of gigantic size, which was moving away along the trajectory from the Earth. Without thinking long, Yankee calculated it's trajectory, only not "forward", but "back". It came out very interestingly. It has shown that, in the fall of 1844, this comet had to inevitably collide with our planet. It is not quite clear what deflected the asteroid from the Earth. However, in some historical sources of that time is described "fiery body" observed in the sky above Europe. The arrangement of cosmic bodies and their trajectories in that distant year, which was calculated then by Americans is very similarly to the present disposition of planets...


He spoke with Kiev observatory. They do not confirm and do not deny the fact of the nearing of asteroid to the Earth. As the Japanese - there is neither yes or no. Also no one nothing knew about the tunguska meteorite, and then it harmlessly fell In Siberia. Almost no one knows that the comets of different densities are regularly passing at the minimum distance from the Earth. They pass as unnoticed - nobody notices what small objects fly around the planet. To take at least Shvassmana-Vakhmana in the year 95. This time, similarly, here is flying something by no means small.


Determined the coordinates of the trajectory of body, until its present point. Corridor is wide. Earth on the way. It is necessary to recognize after 72 hours that my calculated of speed are incorrect. The speed of object grew and "starry" hypothesis it was necessary to cross out. Progression is improbable. My "discovery" is also biggish for the comet, this if we look optimistically. But if reasonably, then nevertheless body falls for determination comet or asteroid. Truth exceeding all conceivable and unthinkable sizes. I hope for one additional error in the calculated of speed, otherwise...


I raise old connections. It occurs, not all former researchers populate the offices of NII - SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE. The thanks V.R. is evident, had to pass more than ten years so that you finally it would cease to see in me the competitor:) For long they discussed. It occurred that observatories kept silent about what and how I observed. Electronic telescopes grasped my "mega-comet" (already and named it) long before the "discovery". I do not pretend...:(on sent to V.R. of record distinctly evidently motion of body towards the Earth. What if it must? Hypotheses start.


Thus far error in my calculations is too great in order to speak about the precise coordinates of a hit spot of the asteroid. But nevertheless I did keep it and sketched on the map the most probable points of impact of the mega-comet. Thus. South pole. Global warming they did order? With a drop of the comet in the region of southern terrestrial pole it is secured for the long centuries. Consequences, I think, to explain no one it is necessary. The Indian Ocean. The safest for humanity and most dangerous for the planet version. The asteroid fallen into the water will raise the tsunami of such height, which simply will wash off all located in coastal states. Furthermore the temperature of water of world ocean will rise. To what temperature? Even I do not know... this to the geophysics. But in the fact that will be sufficient fish soup to entire remaining peace - this is accurate. Continents will remain entire but our petrol resources unavailable. Europe. Tentatively - Germany. For the complete destruction of this small, but very proud country, will be required few minutes. To us will reach the blast wave, capable of converting the large part of the territory of Russia into the Russian field. Here to you and cinema with the specials-effect. It is not certain, this only my assumptions, but...


He compared its calculations with the data from the observatory from V.R. similarly, encounter with the Earth will occur at the end of October. Merry for us is in following month.


More than 200 letters from the different people arrived in yesterday. They want details. They request to confirm the information, which i as yet do not have. Pose questions which I thus far cannot answer. Everyone understands that time goes, but the precise date of drop is not established. I am occupied by observation, but not by the composition of forecasts. After several days on duty, tomorrow I leave the capital. No, this is not the capitulation:) This is the possibility to conduct 4-5 days with V.R. in the observatory. After this, it is necessary to think, will appear more precise numbers and if it occurs, even photographs. The thanks to all, who propose their aid in studies.


After return. Judging from the fact that the mailbox is overfilled many took interest in my trip. It passed successfully. If we do not consider three sleepless nights and conversation on the face of scandal with one of the representatives of astronomical association. There are even our century heroes, prepared for the science "although for bonfire". To each it's. To me here it is - the detailed data analysis, resulting from 4 sessions observations of the comet. That that the speed of comet grows, by the evidently almost naked eye. Catching itself on what it began to receive mega-comet as something its, native. Almost as the living being. Soon let us be seen, everything to this leads. I will try to obtain oral permission for the publication of new photographs. At the worst, I will publish without the permission, to me (to us) something to lose. There will tomorrow be numbers and photographs. Today - to sleep. To sleep.


There are many letters. He is grateful to all - and those, who supports, and thereby, who scolds. All can be understood. I here lay out the observatory photographs of comet. Some details were explained. First of all, the dimensions of comet, or more precisely its nucleus, somewhat less than those that we assumed earlier. But it is here with speed and trajectory we proved to be right - we could calculate the date of encounter with the Earth. On Moscow - This is The evening- night on 28 October. But the most interesting... Structure. Precomputations make it possible to assume that the nuclear composition is unstable. I.e., in simple language speaking, the "density" of the nucleus of comet can be sufficiently small. To what extent it is small - a question thus far opened... I will say one - it is obvious that the fate of planet directly depends on this. Those remaining in the observatory continue observations. I will hold all in the course.


About the author:
About me.
Fedorov Nikolai.

I was born and grew in the family of scientists. Mom was zoologist, and dad philologist. Naturally, in so far as concerns training and formation each of the parents it pulled blanket to itself. But I, having once glanced into the celestial sphere, when we were in vacation in the south, understood that neither habits of monkeys nor special features of Bayron's versification interested me. I decided in the same second - astronomy will become the matter of my life. It can be, this was somewhat naive - so think into 14 years, but here already about 30 years from that moment of the matter proceed precisely so - I actually am astronomer: And although with the large science in our country now not all in the order, to me did not come and they do not occur of the thought to part with the dear matter against something something different. To this moment all my searches could not pretend to the discovery, but nevertheless several theses and independent studies on my calculation exists. True, only in the printed form - in essence this form of publication in the specialized publications. But that that I recently revealed in the space abyss, it forced me it will turn to the aid of worldwide network the Internet. Because only so I can describe TO ALL to you about that which awaits you... I thank for help in the creation of this site of my friend of Vasiliy golubskiy.



  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #8 on: September 28, 2006, 09:15:19 PM »

There is a Light be hid THAT Light and it is not the sun.
More like inbetween light.  We have become one big (roman)amphitheater and the Gods are coming for the games.
Kent Steadman
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #9 on: September 28, 2006, 09:47:37 PM »

More like inbetween light.  We have become one big (roman)amphitheater and the Gods are coming for the games.

Global Gestalt And Planetary Sovereignty

B.R. McEwen

"Almost as the living being. Soon let us be seen, everything to this leads."--Fedorov Nikolai.
« Last Edit: September 28, 2006, 09:50:24 PM by Kent Steadman »  
Kent Steadman
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #10 on: September 28, 2006, 09:57:50 PM »

« Last Edit: September 28, 2006, 10:07:34 PM by Kent Steadman »  
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #11 on: September 29, 2006, 01:18:40 AM »

I was given a vision 2 years ago of an asteroid hitting just off the coast of Africa.  The asteroid  was half the size of the  African continent. Guess what happened.  Vision was in full color.
More Visions of Incoming Large Object

It is reported in January of 2005 that a very large planetary object is coming into the solar system from the southern hemisphere, clouded by gas clouds so the object can't really be seen, and astronomers in the southern hemisphere are talking about this object yet.  You can hear about it at:  radio archives.  This fits in with my own dreams and visions and David Booth's visions about an object coming from the southern hemisphere and effecting Yellowstone to Blow. James McCanney started talking about it in October of 2004.

Dee Finney had this one in 2004:

4-11-04 - DREAM - I was given the opportunity to go to an observatory to watch Comet #8 go by the earth.

The man handed me a special mesh webbed headgear to wear for the event.

I took off my baseball cap to put on the headgear. It was shaped like a baseball cap on top but had tight mesh face mask over it like a welder's mask except this had a narrow slit in front of the eyes to see the comet and not get pocked in the face by the debris that was expected to be accompanying the comet flyby.

There had been 7 comets previous to this and comets ARE dangerous.

updated 1-5-05  -INCOMING COMETS




Original message posted From: Dee777 Sent: Thursday, October 07, 2004 11:42 AM To: Subject: David Booth releases the Fatima Prophecy from Sister Lucy ...


David Booth - proven psychic- had a vision in March of 2003. ... David Booth and Wayne Green were kicked off of the show on 3-18-04 for ...


 I was listening to Wayne Green and David Booth again in their archived interview on , and went to look for what I dreamed in March of 2003, which is the same month that David had his dreams: I had very interesting earth oriented dreams and visions also:


David Booth - proven psychic- had a vision in March of 2003.  He saw himself in space,
looking down on the earth. He saw a dark, planetary object coming from the south end
of earth - out of the southern Hemisphere.  As this planetary object came past earth,
the size of which would fit between the earth and the moon - he saw the western end of
the U.S. blow up with fire and blasts of smoke and ash.  From there, the whole earth
rippled.  Yellowstone had blown up.

Gordon Michael Scallion (psychic)- on March 16, 2003 - had a vision that two light-beings
showed him that Wyoming and Utah were glowing red.  The light-beings said, "This will
change the world in 18 months."  (18 months from March 16, 2003 = September, 2004)

See:    Asteroid Toutatis arriving in September
What else is coming? -  two comets



I was working for Ralph (the Jewish Judge) in an office. (I used to work for him in the real - in the real estate business)

He took out his briefcase (reddish brown) and pulled out a 3 -ring binder and handed it to me to work on. He showed me what my password was to get into the binder which had a lock on it.

Inside the binder was a series of colored maps of the continents. Over each map was a plastic overlay on which the changes were to be made with colored pencils.  Each overlay had a rectangular area marked out which overlay the coastlines of each continent.  I was also given the colored pencils and given the job of making the changes on the maps.

At the end of the day, I took the binder of maps and the briefcase home with me and Ralph had broken the lock on the briefcase. (The seal was broken)

SEE the book of Revelation about the seals.

3-30-03 - DREAM - I went outside in the backyard and looked up into the sky. I saw 4 planets lined up.
The earth was obvious as it showed the continents and the oceans.  The upper planet was labeled Uranus.  
The other two were of equal size and I thought maybe one might be Jupiter.

I turned around and saw the same planets reflected in the picture window of the house.  I hollered to my
husband,  "Did you see that? Did you see that?"

He looked at me dumbfounded. He obviously had not seen it.

I turned back to look at the sky again, and now all the planets were jumbled together in utter chaos.
It appeared that there were more than the nine planets we are familiar with, and none were in their
proper places.





  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #12 on: September 29, 2006, 02:24:52 AM »

  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #13 on: September 29, 2006, 02:31:35 AM »

Asteroid weapons :: So there is the scenario :: we get hit with some massive asteroid YET IN REALITY ITS ONE OF THEIR NEW WEAPONS THAT JUST L O O K S LIKE AN ASTROID HIT ::: Norway?? sound familiar anyone???

While the latest Star Wars sci-fi saga makes its way to a cinema near you, a true-to-life space drama is unfolding as a new breed of weaponry may soon populate the heavens.

Military planners paint a picture of inevitability concerning space weapons. Certain experts foresee a proliferation of anti-satellites and space mines. Others suggest urgent need for totally secure, jam-proof satellite links along with a squadron of quick-reaction space bombers.

Perhaps more "out there", but openly discussed by military space strategists, are orbiting laser and particle beam weapons that focus killer rays of energy to zap satellites, enemy warheads in flight, or even blast targets on Earth.

Then there are the thunder rods. Tossed down from orbit, these long and slender kinetic-energy devices use their own mass and very high velocity to create a destructive effect.

Lastly, for those looking for a celestial "big whopper" of a weapon, how about using natural meteoroids? Good-sized fireballs of metal could be sent to Earth, aimed at targets of choice. These impactors leave a nice crater. Better yet, they leave no radioactive debris.

Space-based weapons are the topic of a new report: Space Weapons - Earth Wars. Authored by think-tank experts at RAND -- dedicated to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis -- the just released study was prepared for the U.S. Air Force.

What's possible and sensible?

Space weapons have been hotly debated for decades. At present, the Bush administration's interest in ballistic missile defense has brought the question of their use once again to the forefront.

The RAND study does not argue for or against space weapons said Bob Preston who led the effort. Rather, the intent was to sort through realities and myths surrounding space weapons.

"We wanted to provide an objective basis for grounding discussion in physical realities and historical context," Preston told His observation after finishing the task is that the subject of weapons in space "is both highly polarized with people violently for and against the idea," he said.

Furthermore, those opposing views are complicated by imprecision in definition, "and by rather loose understanding of what's possible and what's sensible," Preston added.

Arguably, just about all use of space from the beginning has been about national security, Preston said.

"Even civilian scientific uses were undertaken in large part for security reasons in the context of the Cold War. There's a pretty good point of view that says that almost everything we've ever done in space has been predominately motivated by a security perspective," the RAND analyst said.

Classic classes

RAND reviewed several distinct classes of weapons:

Directed-energy weapons, such as space lasers. They use millions of watts of power and large optics to deliver a speed-of-light knockout punch as a missile arcs over Earth. Depending on the wavelength of the energy beamed out and atmospheric conditions, an energy beam can destroy a target on Earth's surface;
Kinetic-energy weapons against missile targets. This hardware can ram headlong into a target in space or an object still within the upper reaches of Earth's atmosphere;
Space-based kinetic energy weapons that slam into targets on the ground, such as large ships, tall buildings, and fuel tanks. Sleek and meteoroid-like in speed, these weapons attack targets at steep, nearly vertical trajectories; and
Space-based conventional weapons capable of maneuvering to hit terrestrial targets. These can carry and dispense rather exotic packages of destruction, such as radio-frequency or high-power-microwave munitions.
Pros and cons

Taken together, RAND analysts found space weapons having a number of distinct advantages and disadvantages.

In the advantage column, space weapons can take out targets that may be inaccessible to other weapons. While ships and aircraft can take days to weeks to reach a far-flung battleground, space-based weapons can respond in minutes to several hours. Also, space-based weapons are less vulnerable to attack.

On the other hand, there are shortcomings.

For one, an opponent can saturate a space weapon, overwhelming the weapon's ability to fully thwart an attack. In addition, the positions of space-based weapons are predictable. In this regard, a weapon destroyed on orbit would leave a persistent cloud of debris, posing a hazard to other satellites. Lastly, large numbers of weapons are required to ensure that one of them is in the right place at the right time.

Asteroid weapons

Even the notion of purposely diverting an asteroid toward Earth as a weapon was examined by RAND specialists. "For nations that already have nuclear arsenals, asteroid weapons might be of only academic interest," the study notes.

There is no doubt, the study explains, that asteroids have acted as big bruisers in the past. The Earth has the scars to prove the point. However, to use asteroids as natural bombs, the scale of the undertaking would be grander than that required to build the first A-bomb via the Manhattan Project in World War II, the RAND report points out.

"Aside from the limited range of possible effects and the great uncertainty about the precision of an effect, one clear argument against asteroids as weapons is that smaller, cheaper means of acquiring an equivalent to a nuclear deterrent are available," the study explains.

Asteroids as a space weapon of mass destruction "is likely to remain safely in the realm of science fiction."

Waiting game

RAND's Preston emphasized that the opportunity to acquire space weapons is not limited to the United States. While many countries have only modest spacefaring capabilities, each nation knows how space can benefit their security.

"There's probably nobody that's involved in space that doesn't understand its security uses and isn't motivated to some degree by its security uses," Preston said. Space-based weapons could be a high-leverage, asymmetric response to U.S. military strengths, he said.

In the report's summary, there is this observation:

"Before deciding to acquire or forgo space weapons for terrestrial conflict, the United States should fully discuss what such weapons can do, what they will cost, and the likely consequences of acquiring them. The discussion should also address whether other countries might acquire them, which ones would be most likely to do so, and how the United States could discern these developments and respond effectively."

For Preston, a personal view is that it's not obvious now there's urgent need for the United States to defend itself in space from things in space. "But its not unreasonable to expect that you may have to before long," he said.

Peacetime uses

The prospect of space weapons and the growing military space agenda engenders a wide variety of viewpoints.

Such is the case for America's first woman in Earth orbit, Sally Ride. She recently underscored the fact that space has been used for military purposes for decades. (Ride is the former president of

Last month, Ride presented the annual Drell Lecture at Stanford University, sponsored by the on-campus Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC). After her NASA tour-of-duty, Ride worked in the late 1980s as a CISAC science fellow, serving alongside Sidney Drell, noted physicist and arms control expert.

"Space is a real priority for national security," Ride said. She is presently a physics professor at the University of California-San Diego and director of the University of California's Space Institute in La Jolla.

Today, U.S. intelligence agencies and the military count on some 100 satellites as part of the country's national security. These space-based assets snap detailed images day and night, keeping an eye on global hotspots, even pinpointing missile launchings around the globe for early warning purposes. A satellite that in peacetime uses the global positioning system (GPS) constellation of spacecraft for navigation purposes, may in wartime utilize that same capability to target bombs or remotely piloted vehicles, Ride said.

"The current landscape is that the United States has an absolutely huge advantage over every other country in space capabilities," Ride said. "It's hard getting to space. It's hard developing things that work in space, and it's really, really hard to get things to work reliably over long periods of time in space," she added.

Ante up: Anti-satellites

The policy question going forward, Ride explained, might be simplistically stated as: Does it make sense for the U.S. to place weapons into space? One issue in this regard, she said, is developing and placing in space anti-satellite weapons, or ASATs for short.

Unless appropriate constraints are put on testing of ASATs, there could be a problem, Ride suggested. High-speed run-ins with space debris resulting from any ASAT testing could cripple or destroy numbers of satellites in Earth orbit.

Ride recalled an encounter with space debris on her first space shuttle voyage. A small but visible gouge in one of the space plane's window appeared about halfway through the flight. Later analysis showed that an orbiting fleck of paint caused the pit, she said.

"A fleck of paint is not the same as a small piece of metal traveling at that same speed. So, as soon as you start increasing the amount of junk in low-Earth orbit, you have an unintended byproduct that starts putting some of your own quite valuable satellites at possible risk," Ride stressed

Preserve by prohibiting

One lawmaker is already pitching legislation before the U.S. Congress that bans the weaponization of space. Congressman Dennis Kucinich, a Democrat from Cleveland, Ohio, introduced early this year The Space Preservation Act of 2002.

The bill is crafted "to preserve the cooperative, peaceful uses of space for the benefit of all humankind by prohibiting the basing of weapons in space and the use of weapons to destroy or damage objects in space that are in orbit, and for other purposes."

In bill language, the terms "space-based weapon" and "space-based system" mean a device capable of damaging or destroying an object or person -- whether in outer space, in atmosphere, or on Earth -- by (A) firing one or more projectiles to collide with that object or person; (B) detonating one or more explosive devices in close proximity to that object or person; (C) directing a source of energy against that object or person; or (D) any other undeveloped means.

Kucinich is shopping the bill through the halls of Congress trying to gain support for the legislation, which also calls for an international treaty to preserve space and prevent an arms race in outer space.

Complicated distinction

Prying out differences between weaponization and militarization of space is not easy.

"It's an important distinction," said Bruce Gagnon, head of the Global Network Against Weapons & Nuclear Power in Space in Gainesville, Florida. "Weaponization I think is clear. Our position is no weapons in space, at any level, period. Militarization is more complicated," he told

Gagnon took part in last week's 10th Annual International Space Organizing Conference and Protest, held at the University of California in Berkeley. During the gathering of peace movement leaders from 12 nations, various strategies were discussed to block the nuclear arms race from ascending into the heavens.

"While we accept some aspects of the militarization of space for treaty verification, confidence building measures, etc., we are firmly against military space technologies that are used for conventional war fighting," Gagnon said. "Satellite systems that identify and direct war on Earth, which essentially allow for 'full spectrum dominance' are not acceptable in our view," he said.

"We want a de-escalation of all military systems for fighting war on Earth or in space. We'd like to see the stabilizing, treaty verifying satellite technologies commonly shared globally. And, of course, no nuclear power in space for any reason," Gagnon concluded.

« Last Edit: September 29, 2006, 02:38:43 AM by lar »  

"Man cannot discover the new world unless he has the courage to lose sight of the shore."
Kent Steadman
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #14 on: September 29, 2006, 04:14:21 AM »

« Last Edit: September 29, 2006, 06:56:03 PM by Kent Steadman »  

  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #15 on: September 29, 2006, 06:31:28 AM »

Hey Kent.. this one is about you... and some of your info which may or may not be related to this mega comet sleuthing !
Hehe if I actually find anything about the Mega Comet of Oct 2006 I will post it  ! But right now I can only presume that the current thought patterns are still relating to 2012  !

Although this has passed its' sell by ' date it makes an interesting read and has a South African Connection ! :

Excellent site showing orbit of Nibiru and much info

and brilliant slide show of the video at

The Anunnaki's original objective in coming to Earth was to mine for Gold; an element they atomically dispersed in their atmosphere in order to prevent core-produced heat from dissipating excessively into space. Since 99% of Nibiru's orbital cycle is too far from our sun to benefit from its heat, it has to retain its internally generated heat in order to survive The Anunnaki first extracted gold from the waters of the Persian Gulf area, but later switched to land mining in South Africa and other locations due to greater abundance of gold ore.

The Zetas report that the Anunnaki have access to a plant (or tree), native to Nibiru, that prevents normal aging and bodily deterioration. Sumerian texts referred to it as the Tree of Life. Later, the Bible referred to it as Knowledge of The Tree of Life in the Garden of Eden story. Only Anunnaki royalty had privileged access to the Tree of Life (sometimes called Ambrosiac in Sumerian texts). They absorbed this substance into their bodies by taking baths soaked with this life extending plant. This special bath water was the origin of the story of The Fountain of Youth (Z). Apparently, Anunnaki royalty enjoyed extremely long lives. Sitchin's research reveals that some members of the highest echelons of the royal pantheon participated intermittently throughout the entire 446,000 years of the Anunnaki's occupation of Earth.

Some years back I also got a ' voice ' that said watch out for the orbit of Pluto or a ' sun / planet that looks as if it is going through the  ' doorway '  - which lookes like a black stone slab with no stars in it.. this is of course   the club of Orion with the four stars connected and of course also does suggest the words hitting and smashing.. a worrysome connection for me
the star map i was using at the time was Dance of the  Planets but now it won't work with the new xp systems even with patches .

ROTFL in passing of course you know that  ascended Master Walt Disney has the 33 Club Door with what look like two watches on either side.. only for the very rich and the 33 degree - ers I suppose !!

*note PLUTO and the SUN with be in Capricorn in Dec 21 2012   From 2008 Pluto moves into Capricorn ( a goat headed Baphomet / Marduk ? )

see : The rebrith of Osiris at :

I am ( almost ) postitive that the black monolith of 2001 and 2010 is alluding to that part of the sky which resembles it  The " Orion Club "

Speaking of giants and gods and interbreeding with humans...

** for  all divine threads read DNA..Ariadne the web weaver hold the clew ( Ariadne is known as the 13th sign of the Zodian is somewhere in the middle  of  Sagitattarius ,Scopio and Ophichius - the center of the Milky way and possibly very relevant to the 2012 theory ?

* Before I trot off to bed a last search shows nothing more enlightening  on the mega comet other than what we see on this topic.. The lasco cam still showed the same thing today on the upper right but I am just going to look through the rerun of images for the whole two days to see if there is anything else. If there is anything I will come back here tonight before signing off.
« Last Edit: Today at 04:30:26 AM by tabi »  
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #16 on: September 29, 2006, 11:47:20 AM »

This is a bit off track but one that I always try to bear in mind : if we have problems translating Russian re this mega comet and not being able to make much sense out of it then imagine how bad the translations are of ancient writings. Oral traditions of passing down secret transmissions of knowledge most probably have gone very astray over the many years..
Evem if some form of extraterrestial life left something for us or is sending us messages.. do we have anyone who is able to translate..  ?
So I am thinking hard even on this.. not only on sleuthing comets and other things !!
Kent Steadman
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #17 on: September 29, 2006, 10:02:51 PM »

  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #18 on: Today at 04:32:44 AM »

Investigation opens doorways of the mind .. you might not find what you set off looking for, but you will certainly  find something else ?

Kent.. on your site today you have that Las cam shot .. I saw that last night on the rerun of the day's images  and thought that maybe it was a glitch.... it was only on that one frame.
What do you think it is and IS it Venus that we can see on the far right ?
I am no expert on translating this data so can you enlighten us as to what it may or may not indicate...many thanks
« Last Edit: Today at 05:48:36 AM by tabi »  
Kent Steadman
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #19 on: Today at 08:18:36 AM »

What do you think it is and IS it Venus that we can see on the far right ?

It is Venus.  Mars to the far left.

Don't know what the streak is, but Venus is a weird planet with a tail
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #20 on: Today at 08:43:37 AM »

hi Kent.. thanks.. having trouble connecting to the  links ( the net for us is so slow today ) but here are some links.. will add through the day
As we search for God and Creator maybe we discover our true origins.. ........
meanwhile another link for anyone interested in the sub thread of this topic   :
« Last Edit: Today at 08:56:38 AM by tabi »  
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #21 on: Today at 08:51:24 AM »

Back to

On page "About me" there's an invisible block which browsers do not show but which content is visible in a mode of viewing source HTML code. And it is written there about Esoterics, the Cabbala and the Armageddon. Also these three words are enlisted in KEYWORDS section of the page (for websearch engines).

As soon as author positioned himself as professional astronomer, it's a bit strange that his www-page has these occult-like keywords and has not any scientific keywords.

And still there's not a single ASTRONOMICAL DATA on the comet's location to the date, which is also very self-speaking fact, because "numbers" is the language of science, and any real astronomer would begin his story with numbers - not with nice and over-artistic description of coming doom.
Kent Steadman
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #22 on: Today at 08:55:16 AM »

Unsure if related to Russian discovery
C/2006 M4 ( SWAN )

Odd looking orbital, damn weird!

R. D. Matson (Irvine, California, USA) and M. Mattiazzo (Adelaide, South Australia, Australia) independently reported a possible comet shortly before early July of 2006.
« Last Edit: Today at 09:12:53 AM by Kent Steadman »  
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #23 on: Today at 09:10:26 AM »

he has some good links too one of which is comets visible now

also shows c2006 M4

these are all access denied sites tho - need passwords

Hi Karfagen.. also found that

Fedorovsky Nikolay. The astronomer. I was born and has grown in family of scientists. Mum was the zoologist, and the daddy - the philologist
Esoterics a cabbala the Armageddon

I wonder why this person wanted to alert us to this.. a prophecy.. Nibiru again and Wormwood .. ?
M 4 is a globular cluster in Scorpio  and a programming language
c/2006 would be B u and C = G  ................Bug  but hell this is really pushing it !
M = 40
4 = D 
D M on the gates = blood bloodshed juice of the grape
on the athbsh  code it becomes M D = I Q ( value 110 )   to be pious  , submission to god and the initials of God and Cain
The letter D refers to ' scroll , tablet,page of a manuscript, column of a book  door , doorway . M refers to water and ocean and rainwater , secretion of blood..
interesting thoughts arise from these two letters !
However the letter D has an astrological attribute of  Venus and the letter M is water.. which is really promising isn't it !
** I only work with Hebrew gematria and Qabala.. if numbers are involved it could be the English gematria or GON or the Greek..
There are various interpretations .. the bottom link gives the values and correspondances of various gematria codes.
link to the gematrias :
Note : the Letters Q M D = 144,00 which rings many an apocalyptic bell ( Q = 100; M = 40 and d = 4 )
in capital letters the value of 144 is in thousands.
here is another url connecting the Maya to the number.. interesting read
« Last Edit: Today at 10:24:36 AM by tabi »  
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #24 on: Today at 09:40:49 AM »

Here's available data for C/2006 M4 (SWAN)--Daily Ephemeris
On October, 28 this comet will be as far as 1.001 AU from Earth
Kent Steadman

  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #25 on: Today at 09:44:59 AM »

I don't think C/2006 M4 ( SWAN ) is a candidate [Russian] although I don't understand the angular trajectory.

Closest it gets to earth is 1 AU which is still way out there.
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #26 on: Today at 10:18:12 AM »

Obviously, author did not mean SWAN, which is well known and widely discussed object.
What the author began his "dairy" with was the notion of the "object discovered last night (28-aug-2006) at 4:32 Moscow time". It's hard to believe professional astronomer could mistake SWAN for unknown comet.

You know what, this all looks like some kind of training (game, site promoting?)
Remember KBAT...? (a video restored from alien ship found in Kara sea)
Guess this site is alike thing.
Eric Julien-2.

Of course, I can't be sure, just a sense...
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #27 on: Today at 10:29:53 AM »

LOL well isn't it amazing what one can make out of something.. .. interesting human brain activity .. no two people will interprete anything the same way...
well what ever this comet is or isn't I will stick with the qabala version... water and blood on Venus  !
Tabi.. signing off this thread for today.. hehe

hmm there is a Nostradamus prophecy about rivers / water running red.. .. no doomsday warnings here !
« Last Edit: Today at 12:06:51 PM by tabi »  
  Re: Need Sleuths, rumors of Russian discovered mega-comet
« Reply #28 on: Today at 01:06:39 PM »

James McCanney

One of the last to jump on the Planet X bandwagon was James McCanney with his book Planet X, Comets and Earth Changes. Apparently Mr. McCanney saw the excitement over Planet X and modified his 20 year old theory that comets grow into planets to be Planet X friendly.

He states that Venus was once a comet and it took 500 years to come through our solar system and humans on earth saw it pass Mars and steal away its atmosphere.

You can listen to all his archives talking about Nibiru/Planet X on his website.


  Comet Database

Asteroid Database

Yellowstone Connection

Earthquake Database



See: James McCanney and the Comets
See:  Earthquake predictions for the month
See:    Asteroid Toutatis arriving in September
What else is coming? -  two comets

See:  Venus transition - June 8, 2004
See: Wormwood in the Bible Code


9-10-03 - Spirit Message #21
The Coming Earth Changes - especially on the West Coast of the USA







Following that - one will hit the earth