Lion-headed figure standing
on cosmic sphere and holding key in right hand
This morning I woke up and had a series of visions which
were so unusual, because they were flashing with energy and made
themselves known exactly what they meant. I didn't have to guess at
their meaning - even that was given to me.
3-15-03 - VISION - I saw 6 flashing stars with outgoing
energy around them.
3-15-03 - VISION - I saw 6 mice-like creatures of varying
sizes with outgoing energy around them.
3-15-03 - VISION - I saw 6 men facing left and dancing. I was
told that "humanity's dance has begun."
3-15-03 - VISION - I saw a dark blue starry sky with numerous
vermin and above them were many light blue symbols flashing behind them
like a language. The symbols were not familiar to me, and it seems from
afterthought that they were extraterrestrial and might represent crop
circles and their messages.
3-15-03 - VISION - I saw a chartreuse background with 6 white
mice all facing left.
3-15-03 - VISION - I saw a light bluish background with 6
white mice all facing left.
I knew when the visions were over because a flash of
lightning occurred and a tremendous crash of thunder, followed by a
tremendous pouring of rain. Strangely enough, an hour later, the whole
sky was blue and the sun was shining.
8-27-04 - DREAM VISION - I had this same dream/vision at
least 12 times during the night. In the scene, a man was holding up a
newspaper with a headline that said: 16,000 to 180,000 DEATHS!
The scenes were in various shades of grey until they became
It wasn't until Joe told me in the morning that it was an
awfully large number spread that I realized this anomaly. I also didn't
see what the subject matter was - but the newspaper headlines in the
morning told the story: See below:
The Black Death began in Asia and soon spread to Europe where it
killed well over 25 million people (about one third of Europe's total
population) in less than four years. Some historians put the casualty
figure closer to 35 to 40 million people, or about half of all
Two types of plague are believed to have caused the Black Death.
The first is the "bubonic" type, which was the most common. The bubonic
form of plague is characterized by swellings of the lymph nodes: the
swellings are called "buboes," The buboes are accompanied by vomiting,
fever and death............ This form of plague is not contagious
between human beings; it requires an active carrier, such as a flea. For
this reason, many historians believe that flea-infested rodents caused
the Bubonic Plague...........
The second form of plague contributing to the Black Death is a
highly contagious type known as "pneumonic" plague. It is marked by
shivering, rapid breathing and the coughing up of blood...............
This second type of plague is nearly always fatal and transmits best in
cold weather and in poor ventilation. Some physicians today believe it
was this second form, the "pneumonic" plague, which was responsible for
most of the casualties of the Black Death because of the crowding and
poor hygienic conditions then prevalent in Europe.
We would normally shake our heads at this tragic period of human
history and be thankful that modern medicine has developed cures for
these dread diseases. However, troubling enigmas about the Black Death
still linger. Many outbreaks occurred in summer during warm weather in
uncrowded regions. Not all outbreaks of bubonic plague were preceded by
rodent infestation; in fact, only a minority of cases seemed to be
related to an increase in the presence of vermin. The greatest puzzle
about the Black Death is how it was able to strike isolated human
populations which had no contact with earlier infected areas. The
epidemics also tended to end abruptly...........
A great many people throughout Europe and other Plague stricken
regions of the world were reporting that outbreaks of the Plague were
caused by foul-smelling "mists". Those mists frequently appeared after
unusually bright lights in the sky. The historian quickly discovers that
"mists" were reported far more frequently and in many more locations
than were rodent infestations.
What, then, were the mysterious mists? There is another very
important way in which plague germs can be transmitted; through germ
weapons. The US and the Soviet Union today have stockpiles of biological
weapons containing bubonic plague and other epidemic diseases. The germs
are kept alive in canisters which spray the diseases into the air on
thick, often visible, artificial mists. Anyone breathing in the mist
will inhale the disease. There are enough such germ weapons today to
wipe out a good portion of humanity. Reports of identical
disease-inducing mists from the Plague years strongly suggest that the
Black Death was caused by germ warfare. Let us take a look at the
incredible reports which lead to that conclusion.
The first outbreak of the Plague in Europe followed an unusual
series of events. Between 1298 and 1314, seven large "comets" were seem
over Europe; one was of "awe-inspiring blackness." .................. To
the people of Europe, these sightings were considered omens of the
Plague which soon followed.
It is true that some reported "comets" were probably just that;
comets.......... On the other hand it is important to note that almost
any unusual object in the sky was called a "comet." .............
ED NOTE: Three comets have just passed earth in the last month.
The link between unusual aerial phenomena and the Black Death was
established immediately during the first outbreaks of the Plague in
Asia. As one historian tells us: The first reports (of the plague) came
out of the East. They were confused, exaggerated, frightening, as
reports from that quarter of the world so often are; descriptions of
storms and earthquakes; of meteors and comets trailing noxious gases
that killed trees and destroyed the fertility of the land.
The above passage indicates that strange flying objects were doing
more than just spreading disease; they were also apparently spraying
chemical or biological defoliants from the air. The above passage echoes
the ancient Mesopotamian tablets which described defoliation of the
landscape by ancient Custodial "gods.".........
The connection between aerial phenomena and plague had begun
centuries before the Black Death. We saw examples in our earlier
discussion of Justinians's plague. We read from another source about a
large plague that had reportedly broken out in the year 1117 -- almost
250 years before the Black Death. That plague was also preceded by
unusual celestial phenomena........
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT
BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
KYRA PHILLIPS, CNN ANCHOR: We're also waiting
for a news conference out of Lubbock, Texas. City officials there, we
are told, will address reporters. We will bring us as much information
as possible. What they can tell us, we'll bring that to you live as soon
as it happens.
Meanwhile, Chris Kozlow, a chemical-bio expert out of Washington, D.C.
joins us now on the phone -- Chris, does this concern you?
CHRIS KOZLOW, INNOVATIVE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT: Sure it does, and I think
it concerns a lot of people in this industry. Bubonic plague missing,
the accountability of it, and what can be done with it. This isn't like
it's a very large device. Someone can carry this, and we don't know what
form it was in, but if the person or persons got a hold of this, a
terrorist, and they were weaponizing it, now is the time to do it. Signs
and symptoms that are covered are cold and flu, and we're in the height
of the cold and flu season right now, so we're really ramping up the
medical response, getting them ready. That's what would be going on
right now, people will be looking at, because it is sort of the silent
unknown. You have to look for a big needle in a -- or a little needle in
a very large haystack.
PHILLIPS: All right. A couple questions for you. Thirty to 35 vials,
let's say it's bubonic plague, all right? And they are saying 30 to 35
vials are missing. How much of an impact could that make? I mean, put it
into perspective for us.
KOZLOW: Well, let's go back to 1995 when a white supremacist by the
name of Larry Wayne Harris ordered three vials of Yersinia pestis,
bubonic plague, from a lab facility. He had enough there, and had the
capability to cause some serious danger.
You have to remember, a contagious disease, you need enough to get some
people sick, then the bug will take over, and if it's done correctly, it
will just keep going and going and going. It's sort of along the lines
of that smallpox, very contagious -- it's not like smallpox, but it is
very contagious. All you have to be, within 12 inches. Someone coughs on
you. I mean, think about it. How many people wash their hands every five
minutes of the day? If someone coughs on a telephone, and then I pick up
that telephone and I'm already sick a little bit now, I could start to
get sick, therefore I become a carrier. It goes off and it's spread
throughout the system. So got to catch it, if it's released. We got to
find these vials is what we have to do.
PHILLIPS: So, how would you weaponize it? Is it the type of thing where
you just go from place to place and dump a little bit in certain areas?
I mean, a big public area?
KOZLOW: Well, there's some different ways that you can do it. There's
the aerosolization. Very small, you wouldn't even see it. We are talking
one to five microns, similar to the anthrax. No one even saw the anthrax
letters coming. You could do it as an independent hit. Let's say you
wanted to, similar to what the KGB used to do with ricin. They'd find
their mark and they would attack them with a small vial of ricin, tag
them, and boom, they die. It depends on the ingenuity, or the, I guess
the word would be resourcefulness of whoever has this. Let's hope it's
just a misplacement, but we have to assume the worst.
PHILLIPS: And you say it depends on what form it was in. What do you
mean by that? Is a certain form more dangerous than another?
KOZLOW: Well, more than likely, the vials are very small. They are -- if
I was to describe them, probably about -- it depends on what it is, it
is probably about an inch. At least that's the kind that was had from --
in past by Wayne Harris.
It's freeze dried, so once it starts to thaw out, the efficacy of it,
some of it will die. Some of the agent will die, because it's frozen
right now, if it is. If it's not, then -- so that's what I'm talking
about in the form. This is in a form right now, somebody probably used
this for research. You have to remember all these things are used for
research to try and develop new vaccines or what caused black death or
other products, so it just depends and I think we'll learn a lot from
the news conference as well.
PHILLIPS: You're talking about making a point of why Texas Tech would
even have this in its medical lab. Years ago, I worked there, I have
lived in Lubbock, Texas, and I remember it was quite a medical hub for
West Texas. I mean, we're not talking about some little teeny lab at a
university that's no big deal. I mean, a lot of medical research comes
out of this university and -- I mean, I'm sure -- have they made major
breakthroughs with this bubonic plague? What do you know about what
Texas Tech has been able to accomplish with this?
PHILLIPS: Well, you bring up a great point. These medical research
facilities that are out there -- I mean, there are hundreds of them all
over the country, if not the world. I'm sure that the FBI is going to be
looking at exactly what -- this is what we're very concerned about in
the anti-terrorism field. Why do you have it? Why do you need it? What
are your security precautions? This has been the nightmare scenario for
most of us. If I can break to a lab and get something that's unguarded.
Take a microbiology student who's doing a thesis or a research paper or
is trying to develop something and they get their hands on this stuff,
they know exactly where to go. So I think it would be too early for me
to say right now why they actually would have this, not second guessing,
but you bring up a good point. These research facilities -- Johns
Hopkins, CDC, clearly has Ebola, they clearly have smallpox. We keep
those reserves to do research. You know, we don't eradicate everything.
So one of the things that we'll be looking at is why actually they have
it, and what they were doing with it, what were the controls? Who worked
on it, and issues like that.
PHILLIPS: That's a good point, who worked on it. OK. Chris Kozlow,
chemical-bio expert, thank you so much. We're going to ask you to stay
with us, please, as we continue to work this story.
Also with us, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, also Elizabeth Cohen, our medical
correspondents here at CNN.
Sanjay, let's start with you. A number of points you've brought up
with me here. Why don't you just take it away and start talking about
this bacteria and the bubonic plague, and add to what Elizabeth has been
DR. SANJAY GUPTA, CNN MEDICAL CORRESPONDENT: That is right. Well, we
know a lot about Yersinia pestis. That is actually the bacteria that
causes plague, and that is sort of a generic term. When we talk about
bubonic plague, when we talk about pneumonic plague, we're actually
talking about the disease that actually causes the infection. So bubonic
plague is something that actually occurs two to six days or so after
someone's actually been infected with this bacteria, this bacteria that
is the presumably stolen or missing bacteria.
Seven to ten days later is when we start talking about pneumonic plague.
That's the more dangerous kind. That's the kind that people can possibly
spread from person to person. That's the kind that's in your lungs. When
you cough, you can actually cough up some of this bacteria and spread it
to someone else, and that's what makes this concerning.
That's why the World Health Organization is actually concerned about
this as a possible weapon of bioterrorism. But that's all we sort of
know about that. It is pretty rare in this country, ten to 20 cases a
year or so, a few thousand around the world.
Certainly research institutions both in the United States and around the
world do do research on Yersinia pestis. Again, that is the bacteria
that causes plague so they can develop more appropriate and more
effective antibiotics and treatments for it, and that's a pretty good
reason as to why some research institutions would have this sort of
bacteria sitting around. There is good treatment for it. There is an
antibiotic if someone is actually suspected to have this. It is such an
unusual diagnosis that doctors may not suspect this. But if they are,
there are some treatments available.
PHILLIPS: Why is it called bubonic?
GUPTA: Bubonic plague is -- it comes from a very good reason. When
someone actually develops this infection, they get swollen lymph nodes,
and these swollen lymph nodes typically are in the groin, and those
lymph nodes can be very painful, very hard, very swollen. They're
actually called bubos. And from that term "bubos," you get the term
"bubonic" plague, and that is essentially where that term comes from.
Again, that's different from pneumonic plague, which is sort of a later
consequence of this infection. When someone gets pneumonic plague, they
can start to actually possibly spread it from person to person.
PHILLIPS: How many cases have we seen of someone being infected with
bubonic plague say, in the -- I don't know -- year, couple of years?
GUPTA: The average is about 10 to 20 cases per year in the United
States. It's a few thousand around the world. Certainly in developing
countries, it tends to be more prominent. Sort of the southwestern part
of the United States, where a lot of these rodents -- the most likely
way that it's spread is rodents actually biting human beings. We heard
about a case like this, I think, this year, Elizabeth, I think you and I
talked about it, where someone actually got bit by rodents and actually
got the plague, the bubonic plague that way. But again, a very rare
thing, 10 to 20 cases a year, maybe, on average -- Kyra.
PHILLIPS: All right. And we'll bring in our Elizabeth Cohen, right there
by your side, our other medical correspondent here at CNN. Elizabeth,
what more would you like to add as we're waiting for this news
conference out of Lubbock, Texas with city officials. What more can we
add to the discussion in addition to what Sanjay has said?
ELIZABETH COHEN, CNN MEDICAL CORRESPONDENT: You know, what I think I'd
like to add here is that I think sometimes that people have the
impression that horrible things like, for example, the bacteria that
causes the plague must be under lock and key, under very tight security.
And you know what, that is not really true. There are many, many labs,
as Sanjay said, across the country that have this because research needs
to be done. And all sorts of different kinds of bacteria and virus, and
they're shared among researchers.
They will sometimes mail them to one another. They are shared with
researchers outside the United States. In fact, at one point they were
even shared with researchers in Iraq until the government said, No, you
can't mail them to people in Iraq or North Korea, and then a list of
other countries. So these things sort of travel between researchers more
than you might think.
In fact, in 1995, an Ohio microbiologist with some suspect motives was
arrested after he acquired some by mail. So these things do --
researchers do have them in their labs. They -- the labs that I have
been in that have horrible bugs like this, they don't have armed guards
at the doors. It's because most researchers, of course, the vast
majority, are trustworthy and they need to work with these bacteria.
They need to come up with better treatments, they need to come up with
better ways to diagnose these diseases, and that's why you see these
kinds of very dangerous bacteria and viruses in labs.
PHILLIPS: All right, Elizabeth Cohen and Sanjay Gupta. We're going to
ask you both to just kind of stand by with us here as we continue to
work the story.
If you are just tuning in, breaking news here at the CNN Center out of
Lubbock, Texas. The report is that possibly 30 to 35 vials of the deadly
bubonic plague are now missing from Texas Tech University Health Science
Center. We have not been able to confirm if, indeed, it is bubonic
plague, but it is 30 to 35 vials of some type of plague.
We have been told from various sources it's possibly bubonic plague that
was reported missing yesterday. The FBI was notified. The investigation
is underway now. We're trying to bring you as much information on this
story in addition to the effects of bubonic plague as we can.
Our Kelli Arena, Justice correspondent, now joining us with more on the
investigation that's taking place. What exactly, Kelli, is the FBI doing
right now? How does an investigation like this go down?
KELLI ARENA, CNN JUSTICE CORRESPONDENT: Well, Kyra, obviously the call
came in last night from the university, and so what the FBI is trying to
determine is exactly, A, what happened to the vials. They're missing.
There's no evidence that they were stolen. There's no evidence of foul
play at this point.
So they start from square one and move forward and try to discern what
happened to them? What is in the vials, and where they may be, obvious
sequence of events.
What we need to underscore here is that A, as I just said, there's no
indication that they were stolen or any evidence of foul play. So the
officials are still trying to determine exactly what happened to the
vials. And this could turn out to be something more innocent than it
The second thing is that officials both at the Justice Department and at
the FBI have said that as far as they're concerned and the information
that they have, these vials cannot be used in any weapon form. This
cannot be used to contaminate a large population of people. The third
thing that officials have underscored is that they are not sure whether
or not the plague is actually in the vials. They believe that there may
be bubonic plague in the vials, and we did hear from a Texas councilman,
a Lubbock councilman saying that yes, he did believe that there was
bubonic plague in the vials, but not all of those vials are to believed
to have contained the plague itself. So just to sort of put things in
The White House has been briefed on this matter. As a matter of fact, we
just heard from White House spokesman Ari Fleischer just moments ago.
Let's listen to what he had to say.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ARI FLEISCHER, WHITE HOUSE PRESS SECRETARY: I am aware of the report,
and this is a matter that the FBI and the CDC have been in touch with
Texas Tech about, and anything further will come from them. That's the
extent of everything I have on this now.
QUESTION: They're saying that the White House has been briefed on this.
FLEISCHER: That's correct. QUESTION: That briefing was...
FLEISCHER: This is information that is just coming in to the White
House, and has been for just a short period of time, as well as to the
FBI. I'm not in a position to give you any additional information at
this time about it, and it is something that is being talked to with the
FBI and the CDC to ascertain what all the facts are.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
ARENA: FBI agents are working very closely with state and local partners
in Texas. As you know, Kyra, the level of cooperation has greatly
increased since the September 11 attacks, and so those contacts have
long been established, and the working relationship much more seamless
than it's ever been before, so all -- all partners in law enforcement
are working together to try to figure out, A, what happened to the
vials, B, where they may be, and C, what danger, if any, they pose --
back to you.
PHILLIPS: All right, Kelli. I was talking with this chemical- bio
expert just a few minutes ago, and now I'm hearing what you're saying
from authorities. So it's not possible, then, to weaponize what
allegedly has been taken from this lab? Is that what you were saying?
ARENA: Well, that's what officials have said to me, that after
conferring with officials from the CDC, that they have determined that
it would not be able to use this as a weapon, that it would not be --
they would not be capable of contaminating a large number of people by
using the cultures that would exist in these vials. That is, at least,
the information that law enforcement officials got from health officials
on this matter.
I have to say, Kyra, that while we were told that the FBI was
aggressively pursuing this matter, there was not a heightened sense of
concern. This was -- I have spoken to these officials, as you know,
every single day, and there is a level of urgency and there's a level of
concern that has been expressed about other matters. This is not one of
This is -- they are -- they say that obviously, this is serious. They
are doing what they can to pursue the matter, that they're working with
their state and local partners, but there's not this -- this -- you
know, upgraded level of anxiety and concern about the matter, and I
think that maybe that may provide a little comfort to those that are
watching and wondering if they or relatives they may have in Texas are
in any danger.
PHILLIPS: So Kelli, should we not use the phrase bioterrorism then? Is
there not a threat, an imminent threat here, of bioterrorism?
ARENA: Kyra, I can only tell you that officials have suggested to me
that there is not, that they do not believe that that -- what is in
those vials can be used as a weapon. That's what I have been told by
Now, if someone else comes out from a health department and says, from
the CDC and says, Well, officials were wrong, I'm waiting to hear that.
But the information that I have up to this point -- and I have not
spoken to the CDC, I have spoken, obviously, to the law enforcement,
Justice side of this equation, and they have been told, they tell me, by
health officials, that it cannot be used as a weapon.
PHILLIPS: All right. We just don't want to make a big deal out of
something if there is no need to, of course.
ARENA: I'm along with you, Kyra. Absolutely.
PHILLIPS: OK. Kelli Arena, thank you very much.
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NEW STRANGE DISEASE -
MORGELLEN'S DISEASE - ONLY PEOPLE WITH STRONG STOMACHS SHOULD LOOK
AT THE PHOTOS OF THIS HORROR!
WHO urges isolation of suspected Marburg cases
BEIJING, April 13 -- The U.N. health agency says suspected
cases of the Ebola-like Marburg virus in Angola must be detected
and isolated sooner if the disease is to be brought under
World Health Organization spokeswoman Fadela Chaib said the rare
Marburg v irus has already killed 194 people
among the 214 infected and it is a disease as serious as Ebola.
Like Ebola, which also has hit Africa, Marburg is a
hemorrhagic fever. It spreads through contact with bodily fluids
and can kill rapidly. There is no vaccine.
Angola's northern Uige province remains at the center of
the outbreak, accounting for more than 90 percent of the cases
Killer virus red
alert as more die
April 11, 2005
By Own Correspondents and Sapa-AFP
Pretoria/Uige: South Africa has begun implementing
precautions against the deadly Marburg haemorrhagic
fever, which has claimed the lives of 193 of the 218
people infected in Angola in the worst outbreak of the
South Africa's precautions follow a World Health
Organisation (WHO) warning to countries neighbouring
Angola that they should go on the alert.
The WHO said late last night that 360 people were being
monitored in Angola, where the disease broke out in
A severe haemorrhagic fever akin to Ebola, the Marburg
virus is spread through contact with body fluids, such
as blood, urine, excrement, vomit and saliva.
It can, however, be contained by taking fairly simple
health precautions, experts say.
Detailed life histories are being taken down and
vigilance has been increased at all points of entry into
South Africa. These measures are South Africa's first
line of defence.
"There is concern about an outbreak in South Africa as
there is a lot of travel between Angola and South
Africa," said Lucille Blumberg, of the National
Institute for Communicable Diseases.
Health officials say, however, that it would be too
time-consuming and expensive to test everyone entering
South Africa for the disease.
"We can't take blood from everyone," said Bonnie Maloba,
"What we need to do is exclude people and the best way
to do this is to take a detailed history."
Top South African pathogen expert Adriano Duse has been
asked to join the international team trying to contain
and overcome the deadly virus.
Duse, the National Health Laboratory Service's (NHLS)
chief specialist, has been contracted by WHO and the
Global Alert and Response Network to join the
multinational team working in Angola's Uige province -
the epicentre of the outbreak.
Through the NHLS, South Africa's expertise has
contributed to research and combating infectious
diseases, including previous, smaller outbreaks of
Duse said he had been selected for his expertise in
infectious diseases and infection control.
"I will be joining an international team in Luanda and
then we are in the hands of the WHO and UN to take us to
where we are needed," he said.
The WHO has warned the Congo, the Democratic Republic of
Congo, Namibia and Zambia - all bordering Angola - to be
on alert for outbreaks of the virus.
Epidemiologists in Uige are working overtime to trace
new cases of the virus, which has sparked panic in
Every morning, teams from the WHO search the town of
Uige for new cases.
"We visit our contacts and look for suspected cases,"
Francois Libama, a WHO epidemiologist, said.
"If we find a suspected case, we call in the special
teams to remove the body."
At the WHO's temporary headquarters in the town, a
blackboard gives a grim account of the latest death
"Two corpses in Candombe Velho. Two corpses in
Candombe-Novo. One alert in the Popular Quarter. One
corpse at the cemetery," it reads.
Subject: [Health_and_Healing] Dr. Leonard Horowitz interview re.
"In the contemporary warfare
arena, where experts in biological chemical warfare convene
and discuss the ways that are ideal to conduct warfare
today, to really take an enemy out,
you don't want to kill the people. You want to produce
people who are chronically ill
and become dependent on the state and totally sap the
resources of the country.
"And then you can move in further with your
your international medical-pharmaceutical cartel. And then
you sell these beleaguered
and defeated countries all of the pharmaceuticals and
that they need to maintain any semblance of healthy
"You create a dependence and thereby you weaken the
and weakened populations are easy to control. So you've got
and you make vast fortunes doing it, versus just blowing up
a nuclear weapon
and devastating the infrastructure that you own."
---------------- article follows:
The Case Of The Strange Cold
Everybody Has Been Getting
The Nazi Flu Interview With Dr.
Redden: I'd like to begin this interview by asking you about the
flu. Many of my friends are sick, and I've read a number of news
stories which say that people are sick around the world. So many
people are sick that hospital emergency rooms are swamped and
doctors are postponing surgeries. But at the same time, the
mainstream media is not referring to this outbreak as an
epidemic. So let me ask you, is there a flu epidemic underway or
Horowitz: There has been for quite some time, but the
authorities are suppressing the news about it. It's only been
recently that the mainstream media has acknowledged that
hospital emergency rooms are filled with patients with this
bizarre upper respiratory infection that doesn't quite seem to
be a virus, a flu that the flu vaccines were ineffective
against, that was a surprise and a complete mystery to the
Centers for Disease Control authorities.
That's all hogwash, bogus nonsense. The fact of the matter is,
we have seen this type of an epidemic since the end of 1998 and
the beginning of 1999. People have been hacking and coughing
with this bizarre illness that does not seem to follow any
logical viral or bacterial onset and transition period. It was
something that did not cause a high fever.
If it was a bacterial or viral infection, it would have caused a
fever in these people. It didn't. It was something that lasted
weeks, if not months. They had sinus congestion, sinus drainage,
they had a cough, they had fatigue, general malaise, they felt
they were not quite right.
Redden: Then is it fair to call this the flu, or is it something
Horowitz: I think it's only fair to call it flu-like. It is
pathognomonic of, not a bacterial or viral infection, it is
pathognomonic of a fungus or a fungus related to a flu. And
that's exactly what has been developed and patented by the Armed
Forces Research Institute of Pathology.
We've reprinted the patent report in the new book, Healing Codes
for the Biological Apocalypse. We show you the report on the
"pathogenic micoplasma." That's a quote, "pathogenic
micoplasma." And if you know anything about micoplasmas, mico
indicates fungal, but yet micoplasma is not really a fungus,
it's not really a bacteria, it's not really a virus. It's sort
of like a pseudo all of them. It has no cell wall, it goes deep
into the cell nuclei thereby making it very difficult to mount
an immune response against.
Redden: And it's man-made...
Horowitz: It's man-made. It can be used as a biological weapon.
It was developed as an AIDS vaccine-related organism. It was
extracted from AIDS patients. It is responsible for virtually
all of the symptoms which AIDS patients suffer from. The AIDS
virus is at best a co-factor, and not even such a strong
co-factor as to bring on all of the symptoms of AIDS.
This particular organism, the micoplasma, is associated with
this upper respiratory flu-like illness. And it's also
associated in its pathogenic process with a whole variety of
other symptoms that mimic AIDS.
Redden: And that's what you think is causing this epidemic?
Horowitz: That's only one of the factors. The patent report lays
it out. Like how you can use a factor like that to cause chronic
upper respiratory infections just like what is going on. I mean,
virtually identical to what's going on. It's patented by the
Armed Forces Research Institute of Pathology.
Redden: How did it get out of the lab and into the general
Horowitz: There's only speculation and the most likely thesis
that I'm looking at is through contaminated vaccines,
contaminated blood supplies. I don't know any other suitable
mode of transmitting that kind of infectious agent.
Redden: What about the current controversy over chemtrails - the
theory that airplanes are spraying the population with some kind
of chemical or biological weapon. As I understand it, a number
of researchers believe that many of the contrails in the skies
these days are not the normal contrails formed by high-flying
jets, but are actually trails of chemical or biological agents
which spread out and then fall on the earth. Could this
micoplasma be transmitted to the population through chemtrails?
Horowitz: I don't relate it to the chemtrails. I don't believe
that this particular organism could be suitably spread that way.
But I believe the chemtrails are responsible for a chemical
intoxication of the public, which would then cause a general
immune suppression, low grade to high grade, depending on
exposure. An immune dysfunction, which would then allow people
to become susceptible to opportunistic infections, such as this
micoplasma and other opportunistic infections.
Redden: So you believe that high-flying planes are, in fact,
spraying something on the population that the theory is real?
Horowitz: There's no question that it's real. There's no doubt
about that. I first began to investigate chemtrails when some
were sprayed over my home in Northern Idaho. I took pictures of
them, and then contacted the Environmental Protection Agency of
the state. When I contacted their directors, they were clueless
and referred me to the Air Force.
They then got me in touch with Centers for Disease Control
Toxicology, and after about a week I received a letter from one
of their chief toxicologists saying, indeed there was some
amount of ethylene dibromide in the jet fuel. Now, ethylene
dibromide is a known human chemical carcinogen that was removed
from unleaded gasoline because of its cancer-causing effects.
Now suddenly it has appeared in the jet fuel that apparently
high-altitude military aircraft are emitting.
Redden: Why has ethylene dibromide been added to jet fuel?
Horowitz: When you examine who owns the fuel, who are the fuel
company directors, suddenly you enter into the realm of the
Rockefeller family and the royal families, Standard Oil and
British Petroleum. And what are their other agendas? Suddenly
now you see their documents, showing that they have funded,
historically, eugenics, racial hygiene, genocide, depopulation,
family planning, maternal and child health where they make and
deliver vaccines, and contaminated blood supplies.
These are the banksters, the same people who run the blood
banking as well as the money banking industries. In both
Emerging Viruses and Healing Codes, I reference a great book by
Dr. John Coleman, who worked as a British Secret Service agent
at the highest levels. And he articulated very clearly who was
running those companies.
It all goes back, ultimately, to the highest level of the royal
family. The Bush family, Rothschild family, the Rockefeller
money, and the entire Rockefeller establishment is based on
Rothschild money and royal families. So you begin to then, at
least, put forward a possible theory, that if you can't explain
it rationally and any other way, I think you've got to begin to
consider conspiracy theories. And once you eliminate the
negative label that you've placed on conspiracy theories per se,
because that's been demonized, as has the terms holistic
medicine, holistic health.
Horowitz: Naturopathy. I mean these labels get placed and as
soon as they do, you know, it begins to wave red flags and
people avoid those things. But, you know, when you really just
define a conspiracy as is defined in Websters, as two or more
people getting together behind closed doors covertly and
planning something unethical, immoral, illegal and then carrying
it out, that's a conspiracy. So that's now what you're looking
at, at the highest levels.
You're looking at decision-makers who have, for whatever
reasons, decided to put this toxic waste into jet fuels for
human exposure, what ultimately's going to be human exposure.
And it just so happens that these same people have put a lot of
money into reducing world populations. So now you ask yourself,
when it comes to testing human subjects like American citizens
unwittingly, unwillingly, who sprays toxins out of airplanes
over San Francisco, kills people that way, who sprays
biologicals on the Pennsylvania turnpike that induce death?
Who has done that historically, as clearly articulated in the
Frank Church congressional hearings of 1975, has been Central
Intelligence Agency biological weapons contracting firms, such
as Litton Bionetics, such as the Army Corp of Engineers when
they were developing and utilizing these various biologicals.
And this is all done under black operations, covert operations,
where they get funding and congressional people are never
informed really where this money is going. It's the black
Redden: As I understand it, this is not just an American
epidemic, but it's gone across Europe.
Horowitz: That's right. And so have the chemtrails. I've got
colleagues over there, I've got colleagues in the Bahamas,
Bermuda, Toronto, British Columbia all reporting the same
bizarre seeding of the atmosphere. It's horrible. What is going
on is just despicable.
Redden: One reason I'm interested in this subject is, I
personally know three people who had the exact same thing happen
to them. First they came down with flu-like symptoms which
didn't go away. Then they went to the doctor, and the doctor
said their flu had developed into a bacterial infection and we
can give you antibiotics for that. Then they were all given a
brand new antibiotic they had never taken before, and they all
had serious allergic reactions.
Horowitz: Right. Isn't that fascinating?
Redden: What happened to them?
Horowitz: OK, that's a great question. I'm glad you asked that
because I should have mentioned it before. What you're looking
at with this upper respiratory infection is that it is a
multi-factorial illness. It's associated with a variety of
chemical and biological co-factors. Just like with AIDS, it's
not the AIDS virus that ultimately kills, it's co-factor
microbes such as the micoplasma. What you have could be
described as an ideal Russian biological cocktail. And I suppose
it's called Russia biological cocktail because the Americans
likely invented it.
What they determined would be the best biological chemical
warfare approach was a combination of chemicals and biologicals,
so that it would be very difficult to diagnose and then treat
the illnesses. Moreover, it would be very difficult to trace
where they came from. If you've got, say, ethylene dibromide
coming out of the jet fuels that is causing immune suppression
and weakening your immune system, and then you've got a
micoplasma microbe or a fungus that causes an upper respiratory
illness, suddenly you develop a secondary bacterial infection.
Now you get hit with antibiotics, and the antibiotics cause your
body chemistry to go acidic, so now you get rashes and other
things, your liver gets full of toxins and comes out through
your skin in rashes and they get hyperallergenic reactions
associated with the other chemicals. So all of a sudden now, you
realize that you've got a human being who is completely out of
balance and infected by two, three or four microbial co-factors
as well as intoxicated by a variety of different chemicals.
Redden: A point of clarification. Are You saying that the fungus
is working with the chemtrails and the antibiotic to make people
Horowitz: Exactly. And you've got somebody who's going to be
chronically ill. And in the contemporary warfare arena, where
experts in biological chemical warfare convene and discuss the
ways that are ideal to conduct warfare today, to really take an
enemy out, you don't want to kill the people. You want to
produce people who are chronically ill and become dependent on
the state and totally sap the resources of the country.
And then you can move in further with your
military-medical-industrial complex, your international
medical-pharmaceutical cartel. And then you sell these
beleaguered and defeated countries all of the pharmaceuticals
and chemicals that they need to maintain any semblance of
Redden: So you've got a work force that can work, but they're
too tired after they finish working to...
Horowitz: That's exactly it. They're completely depleted. They
can't put together a military; you create a dependence and
thereby you weaken the population, and weakened populations are
easy to control. So you've got population control, and you make
vast fortunes doing it, versus just blowing up a nuclear weapon
and devastating the infrastructure that you own. You and your
colleagues own that infrastructure. You want to get rid of the
people. You don't want to get rid of infrastructure.
What I'm relating to you now is not speculation. If you were to
read the top experts analysis of military warfare, such as what
is articulated in The Report From Iron Mountain, which even the
authorities, they say that this is a hoax, a satire, but, you
know, there's nothing funny about it. The propaganda, the spin
that they put on it is that the document is a satire. But when
you read it, there's nothing funny about it.
Redden: You mentioned the Rockefellers. You think the
Rockefeller family is one of the major players in this
Horowitz: Oh, absolutely. One of the major players in world
genocide, world population reduction. That's no mystery anymore.
I mean, you even have some mainstream publishing companies, such
as St. Martin's Press, writing the most horrific exposes of the
Rockefeller family. You have Oxford University Press,
publishing, for example, Christopher Simpson's work, called The
Science of Coercion, where he proves that virtually the entire
scientific and particularly health science agenda was laid out
by the Rockefeller family.
In the 1920's, the federal government was giving very little
money for public health. Where the huge investment in public
health in the United States came from was the Rockefeller
financial coffers, you know. They were behind it all. And so,
already by the 30's, the early 1930's, who was responsible for
the primary viral research investments, public health looking at
cancer, who created the cancer industry in the 1920's, was the
Rockefellers, all the Rockefeller money.
And if you didn't go along with that particular money making
population controlling agenda as a health scientist or health
professional you were traditionally demoted, defunded,
ostracized. And then if you kept it up, you were persecuted and
then jailed. I know many, many people who have gone through
U.S. WARNING - AVIAN FLU
Watching for the Next Pandemic
Bush Weighs Strategies to Counter Possible Outbreak
of Bird Flu
suggests military involvement in avian flu; state begins
WASHINGTON As New Hampshire officials begin training
on dealing with a possible outbreak of the avian flu,
President Bush said he is considering using the military to
enforce any flu quarantines.
At a news conference today, Bush said the best way to
deal with a pandemic is to isolate it and keep it isolated.
And he said he is considering deploying the military to
In New Hampshire, public health officials begin
training sessions tomorrow on the roles and responsibilities
of police, the courts, the prisons and public health in
handling an outbreak, and any quarantine that might be
imposed. Public Health spokesman Greg Moore says so many
jurisdictions would be involved because public health would
have to issue a quarantine order, which could be appealed to
the courts. Those who don't comply could be jailed.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 4 - President Bush said today
that he was working to prepare the
United States for a possibly deadly outbreak of
avian flu. He said he had weighed whether to
quarantine parts of the country and also whether to
employ the military for the difficult task of
enforcing such a quarantine.
"I am concerned about what an avian flu
outbreak could mean for the United States and the
world," he said at a White House news conference.
The president emphasized that he was not
predicting such an outbreak. "I'm just suggesting to
you that we better be thinking about it," he told
reporters, "and we are. And we're more than thinking
about it, we're trying to put plans in place."
In a wide-ranging
news conference, Bush said he was considering
whether the U.S. military should be used to help
quarantine part of the country in the event of a
pandemic of Avian bird flu. "I'm not predicting an
outbreak," he said. "I'm just suggesting to you that
we need to be thinking about it."
Then Bush mused out
loud: "It's one thing to shut down airplanes, it's
another" to quarantine part of the U.S. "And who is
best to effect a quarantine?" the president asked.
Then he answered: "One option is to use the
"I think the
president should have all ... assets on the table to
deal with something this significant," Bush said.
Since 2003, the avian flu has killed about 65
people in Southeast Asia who had been in contact
with infected fowl. So far the virus has not mutated
into a strain capable of transmission from one human
If it does, scientists say that it could kill
millions of people worldwide, reminiscent of the
1918-19 Spanish-flu pandemic, which claimed more
lives than World War I. Because the virus is new,
humans have little or no defense against it. It
kills about half of those infected, and an outbreak
could spread around the world in days.
Up to now, bird flu has not received extensive
public attention in the United States. But Mr. Bush,
in devoting a long and detailed reply to the
subject, appeared intent on raising public awareness
and promoting readiness, as well as demonstrating
He referred to the "H5N1 virus," said he had
read a book by John M. Barry on the 1918 pandemic,
and had been briefed by Dr. Anthony Fauci, who heads
the infectious disease unit at the National
Institutes of Health.
An outbreak would pose difficult policy
decisions for a president, Mr. Bush said, including
the question of imposing a regional quarantine.
"It's one thing to shut down your airplanes,
it's another thing to prevent people from coming in
to get exposed to the avian flu," he said. Doing so,
Mr. Bush said, might even involve using "a military
that's able to plan and move."
The president had already raised, in the wake
of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, the delicate
question of giving the military a larger role in
responding to domestic disasters. His comment today
appeared to presage a concerted push to change laws
that limit military activities in domestic affairs.
Mr. Bush said he knew that some governors, all
of them commanders of their states' National Guards,
resented being told by Washington how to use their
"But Congress needs to take a look at
circumstances that may need to vest the capacity of
the president to move beyond that debate," Mr. Bush
said. One such circumstance, he suggested, would be
an avian flu outbreak. He said a president needed
every available tool "to be able to deal with
something this significant."
While in New York last month to address the
United Nations General Assembly, President Bush
proposed an "international partnership" to combat
He said today that he had spoken "privately to
as many leaders as I could find" at the United
Nations about raising public awareness and ensuring
maximum efforts to quickly report any instances of
the disease to the World Health Organization.
The W.H.O. and the European Union have been
urging countries for months to prepare for a
The president said he had spoken to Dr. Fauci
about development of a vaccine, but added that
"we're just not that far down the manufacturing
process." He said he wanted to encourage potential
vaccine manufacturers to be poised to react
The United States last month ordered $100
million worth of a promising vaccine from the French
drug maker Sanofi-Aventis.
When the secretary of health and human
services, Tommy Thompson, resigned in December, he
was asked what health threat worried him most. He
cited the avian flu.
"This is a really huge bomb," he said, "that
could adversely impact on the health care of the
world," killing tens of millions.
As a deadly strain of bird flu continues to
circulate in Asia, public health officials are on
the watch for any signs of mutation. Three times in
the past century, bird influenzas have spread to
people, causing millions of deaths. The next global
flu pandemic will probably start with birds as well.
February 23, 2005 · In
Thailand, strictures put in place to contain avian flu
have imperiled the future of cockfighting, a pastime
that many consider an integral part of rural life.
Photos of Thai Cockfighting Industry
December 8, 2004 · In
September, an 11-year-old Thai girl and her mother died
from bird flu. Days later, the girl's aunt became ill.
Thai researchers feared the virus had mutated, now
easily moving from person to person. That could be first
sign of a global pandemic. NPR's Jon Hamilton reports.
Facts about Bird Flu
December 7, 2004 ·
Thailand has killed more than 40 million chickens this
year in an effort to stop a deadly strain of bird flu
that's killed at least 17 people in the country. But the
virus keeps resurfacing. NPR's Jon Hamilton reports.
Flu Pandemic Timeline
ATLANTA - Forty-two million Americans could be made ill and
more than 200,000 could die if a powerful new strain of
influenza caused a worldwide outbreak, according to a draft
federal plan that sets out preparations for a pandemic.
The rapid spread of the illness - which might infect, if not
sicken, one-third of the United States' population - could
force hospitals to turn away patients, disrupt the economy,
law enforcement and transportation, and trigger school and
border closures, the plan says.
And because a vaccine against the new flu strain might not
be available for six months, the authorities may have to
federalise supplies of the drug to ensure the first batches
are distributed where they are most needed.
The predictions of the impact of a possible flu pandemic -
an event that has been anticipated by the health authorities
for years - are contained in a draft federal plan scheduled
to be released yesterday by the Department of Health and
A copy of the document, formally called the Pandemic
Influenza Preparedness And Response Plan, was obtained by
the Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
In the making since 1993, the plan sets out the preparations
that divisions of the federal government - including the
Atlanta-based Centers for Disease Control and Prevention -
should make now to guard against the illness and social
disruption that a pandemic would cause.
An influenza pandemic, a global epidemic caused by a novel
strain of flu against which humans would have no immunity,
is one of the most-feared events in medicine.
There were three in the 20th century - in 1918, 1957 and
-- New York Times
Posted: 27 August 2004 1035 hrs
Frontline weapon for flu pandemic is under threat, study
PARIS : A key weapon in the medical arsenal that will combat
any future pandemic of killer flu may be worryingly at risk
to resistance by the influenza virus, according to an early
Japanese study published in Saturday's issue of The Lancet.
The drug is oseltamivir, one of only two medications in a
class of treatments called neuraminidase inhibitors. They
work by blocking an enzyme that the virus uses to escape
from an infected cell and then spread around the body.
The research probed oseltamivir resistance among 50 Japanese
children who were being treated for flu.
The scientists took blood samples from the young patients
and carried out a DNA analysis of the flu virus to see how
much it had mutated -- the phenomenon that enables a microbe
to thwart a drug.
Nine out of the 50 samples -- 18 percent of the total --
showed mutations at two points in the genome that had
previously been suspected to cause resistance. The children
had the H3N2 viral strain.
The team were also surprised to find that even five days
after treatment with oseltamivir, children could still be
The size of the group was only small and wider research is
needed to see how bad the resistance problem could be, say
the scientists, led by Yoshihiro Kawaoka, a microbiologist
at the University of Tokyo's Institute of Medical Science.
US pediatrician Anne Moscona said this was a wakeup call
about a potential threat to neuraminidase inhibitors,
especially in the light of Asia's H5N1 bird flu outbreak, a
phenomenon that some fear could breed a vicious and
infectious viral form.
"Widespread influenza is the deadliest plague in human
history and transmission of avian influenza to human beings
probably started the global pandemic of 1918, which killed
50 million people," Moscona commented.
Oseltamivir and its cousin zanamivir would be vital weapons
in the fight against any such future peril.
They are highly regarded because they target a feature
common to all types of flu viruses and so would be as
effective all strains. They are a treatment, not a
prevention against infection.
That role is given to vaccines. However, it would be almost
impossible to stockpile a vaccine engineered for a specific
virus and then distribute it quickly before that virus
spreads around the world by jet passenger travel.
HOW MANY AMERICANS REALLY DIE OF THE FLU EACH
OCTOBER 22, 2004. Ask the American Lung Association. Better
yet, read their own report from August of 2004, titled,
"Trends in Pneumonia and Influenza/Morbidity and Mortality."
This report comes from "Research and Scientific
Affairs/Epidemiology and Statistics Unit." At the bottom of
the document, the source is listed as:
National Center for Health Statistics, Report of Final
Mortality Statistics, 1979-2001.
Get ready for some surprises, especially since the CDC
keeps trumpeting flu-death annual numbers as 36,000. Like
clockwork. Year in and year out. 36,000 people in the US die
from the flu every year. Killer disease. Watch out. Get your
flu shot. Every autumn. Don't wait. You might fall over dead
in the street.
Here are the total flu deaths from the report. From 1979 to
2001, the stats were released every two years.
Here is the page:
Get there and go to page 9 of the document. Then
start scrolling down until you come to the chart for flu
deaths as a separate category.
Tommy Thompson, head of US Health and Human services,
stated that 91 percent of the people who die from the flu in
the US every year are 65 and older. So you might engage in a
little arithmetic and figure out how many people under 65
are really dying from the flu each year.
But no matter. The raw all-ages stats are low enough. Quite
low enough. Quite, quite.
Do you see what is going on here?
You can go into my archive and read recent pieces on this
subject and find my argument for those who blithely claim,
"Well, harumph, you see, uh ah, flu often leads to pneumonia
and THAT'S why we have to be so careful about the flu.Deaths from pneumonia are large numbers, harumph, blah
It's a straight con, folks. The CDC is on a street corner
with a little table, and there are shills walking around
repeating the 36,000 death figure while the PR flacks at the
table are working the vaccine angle.
The crowd is getting restless. A man shouts, "Where is my
flu shot? We're all going to die!"
Meanwhile, on Capitol Hill, Congress planned a measure that
will guarantee vaccine manufacturers annual billion-dollar
payoffs no matter how many doses are left over, unused.
JON RAPPOPORT www.nomorefakenews.com
Emerging Infectious Diseases - HOW BIRD FLU PASSES TO
Vol. 4, No. 3, July/September 1998
The influenza virus continues to evolve, and new antigenic
variants (drift strains) emerge constantly, giving rise to
yearly epidemics. In
addition, strains to which most humans have no immunity
appear suddenly, and the resulting pandemics vary from
serious to catastrophic.
Influenza viruses are unique among respiratory tract viruses
in that they undergo considerable antigenic variation. Both
surface antigens of the influenza A viruses undergo two
types of variation: drift and shift (1). Antigenic drift
involves minor changes in the hemagglutinin (HA) and
neuraminidase (NA), whereas antigenic shift involves major
changes in these molecules resulting from replacement of the
The Reservoirs of Influenza A Viruses
Aquatic birds are the reservoirs of all 15 subtypes of
influenza A viruses. In wild ducks, influenza viruses
replicate preferentially in the
cells lining the intestinal tract, cause no disease signs,
and are excreted in high concentrations in the feces (up to
10 8.7 50% egg infectious doses/g) (2). Avian influenza
viruses have been isolated from freshly deposited fecal
material and from unconcentrated lake water, which indicates
that waterfowl have a very efficient way to transmit
viruses, i.e., by fecal material in the water supply.
Since a large number of susceptible young ducks are hatched
each year throughout the world, many birds are infected by
virus shed into water. This would explain the high incidence
of virus infection in Canadian ducks, particularly
juveniles, when up to 30% can shed virus before fall
migration. Transmission by feces also provides a way for
wild ducks as they migrate through an area to spread their
viruses to other domestic and feral birds (3).
The avirulent nature of avian influenza infection in ducks
and wading birds may result from virus adaptation to this
host over many
centuries, which created a reservoir that ensures
perpetuation of the virus; therefore, ducks and wading birds
may be occupying an important position in the natural
history of influenza viruses. Influenza viruses of avian
origin have been implicated in outbreaks of influenza in
mammals, such as seals (4), whales (5), and pigs (6), as
well as in domestic poultry (7).
Evolutionary Pathways for Influenza Viruses
Studies on the ecology of influenza viruses have led to the
hypothesis that all mammalian influenza viruses derive from
the avian influenza reservoir. Support for this theory comes
from phylogenetic analyses of nucleic acid sequences of
influenza A viruses from a variety of hosts, geographic
regions, and virus subtypes. Analyses of the nucleoprotein
(NP) gene show that avian influenza viruses have evolved
into five host-Influenza:
An Emerging Disease
Robert G. Webster
St. Jude Children's Research
Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
Address for correspondence:
Robert G. Webster, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital,
332 North Lauderdale St.,
Memphis TN 38105-2794, USA;
fax: 901-523-2622; e-mail:
Because all known influenza A subtypes exist in the aquatic
bird reservoir, influenza is not an eradicable disease;
prevention and control are the only realistic goals. If
people, pigs, and aquatic birds are the principal variables
associated with interspecies transfer of influenza virus and
the emergence of new human pandemic strains, influenza
surveillance in these species is indicated. Live-bird
markets housing a wide variety of avian species together
(chickens, ducks, geese, pigeon, turkeys, pheasants, guinea
fowl), occasionally with pigs, for sale directly to the
public provide outstanding conditions for genetic mixing and
spreading of influenza viruses; therefore, these birds
should be monitored for influenza viruses. Moreover, if pigs
are the mixing vessel for influenza viruses, surveillance in
this population may also provide an early warning system for
ancient equine, which has not been isolated in over 15
years; recent equine; gull; swine; and human. The human and
classic swine viruses have a genetic 'sister group'
relationship, which shows that they evolved from a common
origin. The ancestor of the human and classic swine virus
appears to have been an intact avian virus that, like the
influenza virus currently circulating in pigs in Europe,
derived all its genes from avian sources (8,9).
Studies on the NP and other gene lineages in avian species
show separate sublineages of influenza in Eurasia and the
Americas, indicating that migratory birds moving between
these continents (latitudinal migration) have little or no
role in the transmission of influenza, while birds that
migrate longitudinally appear to play a key role in the
continuing process of virus evolution.
Phylogenetic analyses of amino acid changes show that avian
influenza viruses, unlike mammalian strains, have low
(8). In fact, influenza viruses in aquatic birds appear to
be in evolutionary stasis, with no evidence of net evolution
over the past 60 years.
Nucleotide changes have continued at a similar rate in avian
and mammalian influenza viruses; however, these changes no
longer result in amino acid changes in the avian viruses,
whereas all eight mammalian influenza gene segments continue
to accumulate changes in amino acids.
The high level of genetic conservation suggests that avian
viruses are approaching or have reached optimum, wherein
nucleotide changes provide no selective advantage. It also
means that the source of genes for pandemic influenza
viruses exists phenotypically unchanged in the aquatic bird
reservoir. The most important implication of phylogenetic
studies is that the ancestral viruses that caused the
Spanish flu in 1918, as well as the viruses that provided
gene segments for the Asian/1957 and Hong Kong/1968
pandemics, are still circulating in wild birds, with few or
no mutational changes.
Emergence and Reemergence of 'New' Influenza A Virus in
Over the past two and a half centuries, 10 to 20 human
influenza pandemics have swept the globe; the most
devastating, the so-called Spanish flu of 1918 to 1919,
caused more than 20 million deaths and affected more than
200 million people. Both pandemics probably originated from
aquatic birds. Since the first human influenza virus was
isolated in 1933, new subtypes of human type A influenza
viruses have occurred: H2N2 (Asian influenza) replaced H1N1
in 1957, Hong Kong (H3N2) virus appeared in 1968, and H1N1
virus reappeared in 1977. Each of these new subtypes first
appeared in China, and anecdotal records suggest that
previous epidemics also had their origin in China. Serologic
and virologic evidence suggests that since 1889 there have
been six instances of the introduction of a virus bearing an
HA subtype that had been absent from the human population
for some time.
Three human subtypes of HA have appeared cyclically” H2
viruses in 1889, H3 in 1900, H1 in 1918, H2 again in 1957,
H3 again in 1968, and H1 again in 1977. Phylogenetic
evidence indicates that a totally new H1N1 virus of avian
origin (not a reassortant) could have appeared in humans or
swine before the 1918 influenza and replaced the previous
human virus strains. Whether the virus was first introduced
into humans and then transmitted to pigs, or vice versa,
remains unknown. The reappearance of the H1N1 Russian 1977
influenza virus remains a mystery.
How Are Influenza Viruses Spread?
Avian influenza viruses in wild aquatic birds are spread by
fecal-oral transmission through the water supply (10);
initial transmission of avian influenza viruses to mammals,
including pigs and horses, probably also occurs by fecal
contamination of water. Scholtissek has postulated that the
use of fecal material from ducks for fish farming in Asia
may contribute to transmission of avian influenza viruses to
pigs (11). Another direct method of transfer is by feeding
pigs untreated garbage or the carcasses of dead birds.
Raising pigs under chicken houses and feeding them dead
avian carcasses has been observed on rare occasions in the
United States; H5N2 influenza virus was isolated from pigs
living under chicken houses in Pennsylvania during the
outbreak in 1982. Both pigs and poultry are commonly raised
on the same commercial farms. From the perspective of the
control of interspecies transmission of influenza, this is
undesirable, for it may facilitate interspecies transmission
of influenza viruses. After transmission to pigs, horses, or
humans, the method of spread of influenza is mainly
Emergence of H5N2 Influenza Viruses in North America
In 1983 an H5N2 influenza virus infected chickens and
turkeys in Pennsylvania and became highly pathogenic for
and serologic studies provided no evidence of transmission
to humans (12). The virus was eventually eradicated by
quarantine and extermination of more than 17 million birds
at a direct cost of more than US$60 million and an indirect
cost to the industry of more than US$250 million.
More recently, a highly pathogenic H5N2 influenza virus
emerged in domestic chickens in Mexico (7). In October 1993,
egg production decreased and deaths increased among Mexican
chickens in association with serologic evidence of an H5N2
influenza virus. H5N2 virus was isolated in May 1994. By the
end of 1994, the virus had mutated to contain a highly
cleavable HA, but remained only mildly pathogenic in
chickens. Within months, however, it had become lethal in
poultry. Phylogenetic analysis of the HA of H5 avian
influenza viruses, including the Mexican isolates, indicated
that the epidemic virus had originated from the introduction
of a single virus of the North American lineage into Mexican
chickens. This virus was eradicated from chickens by
quarantine and use of inactivated vaccine.
Live Bird Markets and the Epidemiology of Influenza
The chicken/Pennsylvania (H5N2) influenza outbreak in 1983
to 1984 demonstrated that live bird markets play an
important part in the spread of influenza viruses in avian
species. In 1992, Senne et al. (13) described live bird
markets as the missing link in the epidemiology of avian
influenza, for H5N2 viruses had been isolated from live
birds until 1986. These H5N2 viruses caused subclinical
infection in chickens in the markets, as did H5N1 viruses in
live bird markets in Hong Kong in 1997. Moreover, ducks in
the markets in the United States were infected with many
different subtypes of influenza A viruses, including H2N2
viruses related antigenically to the Asian/57 (H2N2) viruses
that have disappeared from humans.
The live bird markets in the United States continue to
harbor many influenza viruses. The ancestor of the H5N2
influenza virus that caused the epidemic in Mexico in 1993
to 1995 was isolated from market birds, and H7NX subtypes
are still found in live bird markets. These viruses are
potentially pathogenic for chickens and are of Molecular
changes associated with emergence of a highly pathogenic
H5N2 influenza virus in chickens in Mexico. In 1994, a
nonpathogenic H5N2 influenza virus in Mexican chickens was
related to an H5N2 virus isolated from shorebirds (ruddy
turnstones) in Delaware Bay, United States, in 1991. The
1994 H5N2 isolates from chickens replicated mainly in the
respiratory tract, spread rapidly among chickens, and were
not highly pathogenic. Over the next year the virus became
highly pathogenic, and the hemagglutinin acquired an insert
of two basic amino acids (Arg-Lys), possibly by classic
recombination and a mutation of Glu to Lys at position 3
from the cleavage site of HA1/HA2.
The emergence of H5N1 influenza in Hong Kong. It is
postulated that a nonpathogenic H5N1 influenza spread from
migrating shorebirds to ducks by fecal contamination of
water. The virus was transmitted to chickens and became
established in live bird markets in Hong Kong. During
transmission between different species, the virus became
highly pathogenic for chickens and occasionally was
transmitted to humans from chickens in the markets. Despite
high pathogenicity for chickens (and humans), H5N1 were
nonpathogenic for ducks and geese. This was of great concern
to chicken farmers in the northeastern United States.
The depopulation of live bird markets and farms in the New
Territories of Hong Kong (December 29, 1997) stopped the
spread of H5N1 influenza viruses. An important lesson can be
learned from this action in Hong Kong. Live bird markets are
potential breeding grounds for both avian and mammalian
influenza viruses. Serologic monitoring of the chickens in
Hong Kong markets for H5N1 influenza virus was an important
first step in stopping the spread of the viruses. An even
more important step would be to reduce the opportunity for
interspecies transmission by marketing chickens separately
from other avian species.
The Index Case of H5N1 in Humans in Hong Kong
On May 21, 1997, a 3-year-old boy from Hong Kong died in an
intensive care unit in Hong Kong on the fifth day of his
hospitalization, with a final diagnosis of Reye syndrome,
acute influenza pneumonia, and respiratory distress syndrome
(14). He had no indications of other underlying disease,
including immunodeficiency or cardiopulmonary disease. From
a tracheal aspirate, we isolated an influenza virus in MDCK
cells but were unable to grow any pathogenic bacteria from
respiratory specimens. In hemagglutination inhibition
assays, the virus did not react with ferret antisera to
recent isolates of human and swine subtypes.
Hemagglutination inhibition assays using antisera to 14 H
subtypes showed that the isolate was an H5 influenza A
virus. Neuraminidase inhibition tests, using antisera to
nine N subtypes, indicated that the neuraminidase was of the
N1 subtype. Nucleotide sequence analyses of parts of the HA
and NA genes of the virus allowed a phylogenetic comparison
with other influenza viruses. Our analyses confirmed that
the virus was of the H5N1 subtypes. Each of the eight RNA
segments was of avian origin, and the virus was highly
pathogenic for chickens. The contribution of the influenza A
H5N1 virus infection to the child's disease, eventually
leading to death, was complicated by the child's treatment
The virus identification is important because it is the
first documented isolation of an influenza A virus of this
subtype from humans (15).
Characterization of the Human and Chicken H5N1 Viruses from
Avian influenza outbreaks occurred in Hong Kong from late
March to early May of 1997. Three chicken farms were
separately affected; the death rate for the total of 6,800
chickens exceeded 70%. A comparison between the nucleotide
sequences of the H5 genes from both the human virus A/Hong
Kong/156/97 (H5N1) (HK97) and a representative of the
chicken viruses from the March outbreak, A/chicken/Hong
Kong/258/97 (CkHK97), showed a high degree of homology in
their respective H5 HA1 sequences. Only three amino-acid
differences were observed in the HA1 of the HA, confirming
the close phylogenetic relationship between these viruses,
belonging to the Eurasian lineage of the subtype H5 viruses.
Sequence analyses of the HA of multiple human and chicken
H5N1 isolates show that they form two subgroups with close
linkage between chicken and human isolates. An analysis of
the amino acids expected to be involved in the assembly of
the receptor binding site showed no differences could be
observed between the human isolate and avian H5 viruses.
Therefore, the H5 HA of HK97 had probably not acquired
mutations that favor binding to sialic acids with 2,6
linkage to the galactoside over the 2,3 linked sialic acid
receptor preferred by human and avian viruses respectively.
However, the loss of a potential N- linked glycosylation
site at amino acid 156 Asn, close to the receptor binding
site, could affect binding to the cellular receptor.
The amino acid sequence motif at the cleavage site of the HA
molecule has been associated with high virulence of avian
influenza viruses. Experimental infection of chickens with
HK97 showed that even after passaging in mammalian cells
(once in the child and twice in MDCK cells), the virus
remained highly pathogenic for chickens: all eight chickens
inoculated intratracheally with MDCK-grown HK97 died within
3 days after infection. A comparison of the reactivity of a
panel of 17 monoclonal antibodies (MAb) directed against
A/chicken/Pennsylvania/83 (H5N2) with HK97 and CkHK97 in a
hemagglutination inhibition assay showed similar antigenic
reactivities with all but one MAb, indicating antigenic
cross-reactivity between these viruses and the usefulness of
these antibodies for diagnosis.
The fetuin-cleaving activity of the NA proved to be
inhibited by anti-NA antiserum.
Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction using
primer sets that amplified the 5' end of the NA gene
segments showed that this gene was of the N1 genotype.
Nucleotide sequence analysis and comparison to published NA
sequences confirmed this finding genetically. The NA
sequences unequivocally showed a close molecular
relationship between HK97 and CkHK97, as a unique
57-nucleotide deletion was observed in the stalk region of
the N1 gene of both viruses. Each of the eight gene segments
showed close genetic homology between the HK97 and Ck/ HK97
viruses, the lowest being 98.2% for the nucleoprotein; the
remaining genes varied from 98.8% to 100% homology (16).
Can the Emergence of Pandemic Strains Be Prevented?
Because all known influenza A virus subtypes are found in
aquatic wild birds in nature, agricultural authorities have
recommended avoiding direct or indirect contact between
domestic poultry and wild birds. A classic mistake made by
chicken and turkey farmers is to raise a few domestic ducks
on a pond near poultry barns; these birds attract wild
ducks. The highly pathogenic outbreaks of H5N2 avian
influenza in chickens and turkeys in Pennsylvania and
surrounding states in 1983 to 1984 (12) and the H5N2 in
Mexico in 1993 (7) could probably have been prevented if
domestic poultry had been raised in ecologically controlled
houses with a high standard of security and limited access.
If we assume that people, pigs, and aquatic birds are the
principal variables associated with the emergence of new
human pandemic stains, human pandemics of influenza may be
prevented. The principles applied to preventing outbreaks of
influenza in domestic animals should apply equally here.
Pandemic strains of human influenza emerge only rarely;
however, interspecies transmission of influenza viruses may
not be so rare, for up to 10% of persons with occupational
exposure to pigs develop antibodies to swine influenza virus
(17). Most transfers of influenza viruses from pigs to
humans are dead-end transfers (they do not spread
efficiently from human to human). As indicated above, we do
not know the frequency of virus transfer between the suspect
species in southern China. If there is an epicenter for
pandemic influenza and a detectable frequency of transfer
between people, pigs, and ducks and if we understand the
ecologic and agricultural features involved in the transfer,
pandemics may be preventable. If pigs are the major mixing
vessel for influenza viruses, changes in the agricultural
practices that separate pigs from people and ducks could
prevent future pandemics. Most importantly, we may influence
the appearance of pandemics by changing the methods of live
bird marketing by separating chickens from other species,
especially from aquatic birds.
This work was supported by Public Health Service grants
AI-29680 and AI-08831 from the National Institute of Allergy
and Infectious Diseases, by Cancer Center Support (CORE)
grant CA-21765, and by the American Lebanese Syrian
Dr. Webster holds the Rose Marie Thomas Chair in the
Department of Virology and Molecular Biology at St. Jude
Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee. In
addition, he is director of the World Health Organization
Collaborating Center for Ecology of Influenza Viruses in
Lower Animals and Birds. He has devoted his life to the
understanding of the emergence of pandemic influenza
viruses, the structure and function of the viral proteins,
and methods for developing new and improved antiviral drugs
Coming, Intuitive Warns
Says a massively deadly disease that weakens cell
linings and flusters T-cells is about to be unleashed by
conspiratorial international elite. Carrots said to be
effective preemptive deterrent.
by Sterling D. Allan
Ephraim, UT (PRWEB) January 2 2004--An intuitive with
demonstrated credibility has issued a warning that
conspiratorial elements in the shadow government of the
U.S. and other nations are about to unleash a massive
plague in their efforts to drastically reduce the
population of the earth down to what they consider to be
a more "manageable" level.
According to the intuitive, who wishes to remain
unnamed, the attack will take the form of a genetically
engineered super bug that attacks the membranes of
cells, causing them to lose their ability to maintain a
proper pH balancing, thus leading to death. It also
subverts the T-cell immunity of the body, causing it to
go into an auto-destruct mode. The body's hyper reaction
is what is deadly.
Seventeen prominent scientists have died in the past
year under suspicious circumstances. The intuitive said
they were investigating various facets in relation to
the technology involved in this coming plague.
The bug is neither a virus nor a bacteria, but a prion,
like in Mad Cow disease. The intuitive said it is called
a "demiscel," and that the recent Mad Cow outbreak was
from earlier tests being done.
The demiscel is passed by direct contact, ingestion, as
well as airborne, making its spread versatile and rapid.
When the demiscel is unleashed, it will result in a
deadly plague of proportions not seen in recent memory,
analogous to the influenza epidemic of the early 1900s
that killed some 70 million people worldwide.
The intuitive said at first people might confuse it
with other syndromes such as SARS. The first symptoms
According to the intuitive, the elitists who are behind
this scheme to unleash this apocalyptic plague have an
immunization that they have disbursed to those who they
deem fit to survive this plague.
The intuitive said that chemtrails have been used to
weaken people's immune systems so that when they are
exposed to this demiscel they will succumb. Chemtrails
are created from nozzles installed on jet liners that
emit chemicals while in flight. In 2001, in house
resolution HR 2977 IH, Congressman Dennis Kucinich of
Ohio listed "chemtrails" as an "exotic weapons system"
that should be eliminated.
The intuitive also said that the emaciation of nutrients
in the food chain has also been done with the design of
weakening people' immune systems and ability to survive
this pending attack.
The intuitive said that carrots contain a combination of
substances that naturally block the propagation of this
demiscel, but that they need to be in a person's system
before exposure, not after, when it will tend to be too
late. A carrot a day is adequate to bolster a person's
immune function to enable them to survive the demiscel.
"They will get sick, but it will not be lethal."
Carrots are rich in antioxidants Beta Carotene and
Glutathione, and vitamins A, B1, B2, C, and E, which are
also considered antioxidants, which help fight free
radicals. Glutathione helps the body recycle vitamin E,
as well as replenish white blood cells. It also helps to
strengthen cell membranes as well as T-cells.
The effect of the carrots is cumulative, so the longer a
person has been eating them regularly, the better off
they will be when exposed to this demiscel.
The intuitive said the conspirators would disburse the
demiscel by breaking vials of the substance on floors in
the airports of large cities, and other human
thoroughfares such as subways and bus stations, to speed
the spread of the disease. Chicago, Salt Lake City,
Spokane, Dallas and New York were among the cities seen
where this would be disbursed.
Just prior to the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attack on
America, this intuitive saw the Lord and wondered why he
was so sad. He said he could not say. Then after the
attack, the intuitive asked the Lord if that is why he
had been so sad, and he confirmed this to be the case.
Recently, the intuitive again saw him with a similar
demeanor, and she asked if something awful is about to
happen again, and he said it was. The intuitive asked
permission to go through the veil and visit with the
Lord about this. Permission was granted, and she was
educated about what is about to transpire.
She was told that she should propagate this
information, especially about the carrots.
She said that infected cells resemble Swiss cheese. The
demiscel infection itself is not what kills a person,
but that the body's response to the infection is lethal.
The body releases a watery, gelatinous, pink substance
that is acidic in nature, and eats the body alive.
She said that if a healthy person has the right amino
acids in their body, their body won't over compensate.
The demiscels attack the T-cells and the lymph system
first. The demiscel resembles a potato with the
filamentous ears protruding. She said the demiscel is
able to adapt and mimic a cell's biology and gain
entrance as if it was non-foreign.
She said the demiscel would mutate and that the
protrusions would be barbed, increasing their ability to
attack a cell.
If the intuitive is correct, one has to wonder what such
conspirators would stand to gain by eliminating the weak
from society. Those who are stronger are harder to
control, not easier.
* live vaccinia
virus, with "some microbial
contaminants," according to the Working
Group on Civilian Biodefense polymyxcin
B sulfate, streptomycin sulfate,
chlortetracycline hydrochloride, and
neomycin sulfate glycerin, and phenol -a
compound obtained by distillation of
coal tar vesicle fluid from calf skins
Hepatitis B GlaxoSmithKline 800.366.8900
* genetic sequence
of the hepatitis B virus that codes for
the surface antigen (HbSAg), cloned into
GMO yeast, aluminum hydroxide, and
polysaccharide antigens from Neisseria
meningitidis bacteria, thimerosal, and
Meruvax I - Mumps
Merck & Co., Inc. 800.672.6372
* mumps live virus
neomycin sorbitol hydrolized gelatin
NYVAC - (new
smallpox batch, not licensed) Aventis
Pasteur USA 800.VACCINE
vaccinia virus, polymyxcin B, sulfate,
streptomycin sulfate, chlortetracycline
hydrochloride, and neomycin sulfate
glycerin, and phenol -a compound
obtained by distillation of coal tar
vesicle fluid from calf skins
Orimune - Oral Polio
* 3 types of polio
viruses, attenuated neomycin,
streptomycin sorbitol monkey kidney
cells and calf serum
Streptococcus Pneumoniae Merck & Co.,
polysaccharides from polyvalent (23
types), pneumococcal bacteria, phenol,
* saccharides from
capsular Streptococcus pneumoniae
antigens (7 serotypes) individually
conjugated to diphtheria CRM 197 protein
aluminum phosphate, ammonium sulfate,
soy protein, yeast
RabAvert - Rabies
Chiron Behring GmbH & Company
strain, Flury LEP neomycin,
chlortetracycline, and amphotericin B,
potassium glutamate, and sucrose human
albumin, bovine gelatin and serum "from
source countries known to be free of
bovine spongioform encephalopathy," and
* 1 rhesus monkey
rotavirus, 3 rhesus-human reassortant
live viruses neomycin sulfate,
amphotericin B potassium monophosphate,
potassium diphosphate, sucrose, and
monosodium glutamate (MSG) rhesus monkey
fetal diploid cells, and bovine fetal
serum smallpox (not licensed due to
40-yr old stuff
"found" in Swiftwater, PA freezer
Aventis Pasteur USA 800.VACCINE
* live vaccinia
virus, with "some microbial
contaminants," according to the Working
Group on Civilian Biodefense polymyxcin
B sulfate, streptomycin sulfate,
chlortetracycline hydrochloride, and
neomycin sulfate glycerin, and phenol -a
compound obtained by distillation of
coal tar vesicle fluid from calf skins
Smallpox (new, not
licensed) Acambis, Inc. 617.494.1339 in
partnership with Baxter BioScience
vaccinia virus, polymyxcin B sulfate,
streptomycin sulfate, chlortetracycline
hydrochloride, and neomycin sulfate
glycerin, and phenol -a compound
obtained by distillation of coal tar
vesicle fluid from calf skins
(intravesicle -not licensed in US for
tuberculosis) Aventis Pasteur USA
* live attenuated
strain of Mycobacterium bovis monosodium
glutamate (MSG), and polysorbate 80
Pasteur USA 800.VACCINE
diphtheriae and Clostridium tetani
toxoids and acellular Bordetella
pertussis adsorbed aluminum potassium
sulfate, formaldehyde, thimerosal, and
polysorbate 80 (Tween-80) gelatin,
US-sourced Typhim Vi
- Typhoid Aventis Pasteur USA SA
* cell surface Vi
polysaccharide from Salmonella typhi Ty2
strain, aspartame, phenol, and
Varivax - Chickenpox
Merck & Co., Inc. 800.672.6372
* varicella live
virus neomycin phosphate, sucrose, and
monosodium glutamate (MSG) processed
gelatin, fetal bovine serum, guinea pig
embryo cells, albumin from human blood,
and human diploid cells from aborted
YF-VAX - Yellow
Fever Aventis Pasteur USA 800.VACCINE
* 17D strain of
yellow fever virus sorbitol chick
embryo, and gelatin
Another Canadian case of atypical pneumonia confirmed; 2 dead, 9
By MIKE OLIVEIRA
TORONTO (CP) - Health officials have confirmed a ninth Canadian
case of atypical pneumonia and are preparing to test hundreds of
potential patients as worries grow around the world about the highly
contagious and potentially deadly disease.
Doctors don't know what causes the illness, which is believed to
spread through close contact with an infected person.
On Saturday, Toronto officials confirmed a seventh local case, a
day after announcing that six family members had been infected,
including a mother and son who died.
The seventh patient had come in close contact with the family, but
officials wouldn't say what the connection was.
There have also been two cases in British Columbia - unrelated to
the Ontario infections - where one person remained in hospital Saturday
and the other has recovered.
The World Health Organization made the rare decision Saturday of
declaring a worldwide travel advisory, based on reports of the disease's
spread around the globe.
The organization said that in the past week it has received more
than 150 reports of atypical pneumonia, which it is calling acute
respiratory syndrome (SARS).
"SARS is now a worldwide health threat," said Dr. Gro Harlem
Brundtland, WHO director general. "The world needs to work together to
find its cause, cure the sick and stop its spread."
In Toronto, a hotline has been set up for concerned citizens to
find out if their symptoms - which include high fever, headache,
confusion, diarrhea, shortness of breath and muscular stiffness -
suggest they could be infected.
"It can come on quite suddenly and get bad within days," said Dr.
Barbara Yaffe, Toronto's associate Medical Officer of Health and
director of communicable disease control. "It is not a mild illness."
But she said the outbreak is not a significant risk to the general
public, and is limited to those who have been in close contact with one
of the infected.
Ontario's coroner was investigating one of the deaths and testing
was being conducted at a provincial laboratory with additional specimens
being sent to a federal laboratory in Winnipeg.
Health Canada is now helping to contact individuals who could have
been infected, such as family, friends and coworkers.
Officials are also trying to determine who would have been in
Toronto's Scarborough Grace Hospital at particular times, and compiling
a list of those who shared a flight with an infected person, or attended
the funeral of one of the victims last week.
If people were not exposed in one of those scenarios, they are not
at risk, Yaffe said.
Avoiding the spread of infection requires an increased level of
caution and awareness, she said, including good hygiene and frequent
The patients have been quarantined and family of the infected have
been told to stay at home until it can be certain they are healthy.
One of the dead and two other family members had recently returned
from Hong Kong, where atypical pneumonia has been spreading.
While health officials stopped short of directly linking travel to
the affected regions of Asia with the disease, they did caution that it
was one factor to consider.
Most of the outbreaks have been reported in China, Hong Kong and
Singapore, and unconfirmed new cases were reported in Vietnam and Taiwan
House approves grants to combat West Nile mosquitoes
Posted on March 13, 2003
By Dennis Camire
Gannett News Service
WASHINGTON - With mosquito larvae already swimming in some areas,
the House approved a measure Wednesday for grants to states and cities
for programs to combat the pests that carry West Nile virus.
"While we're experiencing wintry weather here in the nation's
capital, we may have rather numbed our senses to the fact that warm and
wet weather is just around the corner. And with it will come flowers,
sunshine and, yes, mosquitoes," said Rep. Billy Tauzin, R-La., a sponsor
of the bill.
The bill, approved 416-9, would provide federal matching grants of
up to $10,000 to local governments for planning mosquito control
programs and to states for coordinating those programs.
Counties, parishes and other local governments also could receive
other grants of up to $100,000 to carry out their programs but would
have to provide a 50 percent match for the federal money.
The bill would authorize $100 million next year to pay for the
grant program. State and local governments could receive only one of
each grant type.
Last year, the rapid spread of West Nile through 39 states and the
District of Columbia left behind 4,071 human cases, including 274
deaths, according to the national Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention. The virus, transmitted through the bite of an infected
mosquito, can cause an inflammation of the brain that can be fatal in
elderly people or others with weak immune systems.
Illinois was the hardest hit with 873 cases and 60 deaths,
followed by Michigan with 554 cases and 50 deaths, Ohio with 444 cases
and 31 deaths and Louisiana with 330 cases and 24 deaths.
"This is a national threat to public health, especially for our
seniors who seem to be the most affected by the virus," said Rep. Chris
John, D-La., the lead sponsor.
This is the second time the House has approved the measure. In the
fall, legislation sailed through the House only to stall in the Senate.
But Democratic Sens. John Breaux and Mary Landrieu of Louisiana
and Republican Sens. Judd Gregg of New Hampshire and Kay Bailey
Hutchison of Texas are expected to introduce similar Senate legislation
within the next few weeks.
John said the financial help was especially needed now because
last year's epidemic forced counties and parishes to spend far above
their budgets to fight mosquitoes, and they don't have the money to
battle it again this year.
"The counties and parishes most in need are rural parishes that
have a lower tax base and lower ability to fund a very aggressive
mosquito-abatement program," he said.
On the Web: www.cdc.gov, Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention.
"This is a national public health threat, and the federal
government should be assisting states and localities in waging this
The bill also directs the National Institute of Environmental
Health Sciences to research methods of controlling insects and vermin
that transmit diseases dangerous to humans.
WHO Issues Advisory on Atypical Pneumonia
HANOI, Vietnam - The World Health Organization (news - web sites)
warned a mysterious form of pneumonia was becoming a "worldwide health
threat" Saturday, as a case of the illness was detected in Europe for
the first time.
In a rare "emergency travel advisory," the health agency said it
has received more than 150 reports of acute respiratory syndrome in the
On Saturday, a doctor believed to have the atypical form of
pneumonia was taken off a New York to Singapore flight during a stopover
in Germany and quarantined in a Frankfurt hospital. His two travel
companions also were hospitalized.
Most cases of the illness involve medical workers in east Asia but
the illness has shown signs of spreading. At least eight people have
died from it, including an American businessman.
"Until we can get a grip on it, I don't see how it will slow
down," WHO spokesman Dick Thompson said in Geneva. "People are not
responding to antibiotics or antivirals, it's a highly contagious
disease and it's moving around by jet. It's bad."
The unidentified doctor, who is from Singapore, had treated a
patient with the illness before traveling to New York to attend a
conference, said Dr. Angela Wirtz, a health official in the German state
of Hessen. He began to suffer symptoms while in New York, she said in a
Two people accompanying him also were taken off the Singapore
Airlines flight and admitted to the Wolfgang Goethe University Clinic in
Frankfurt, the statement said.
There was concern the doctor may have infected others on board.
Another 155 passengers who deplaned in Frankfurt were being temporarily
held in quarantine at the airport, the statement said.
Eighty-five people bound for Singapore and the plane's 20-member
crew continued their journey, but they will be quarantined on their
arrival in Singapore, health officials said.
The WHO, which sent the advisory to airlines, urged travelers who
may have come in contact with someone infected to watch for symptoms
such as high fever, coughing and shortness of breath.
The advisory did not call for restrictions on travel to any
destination but said people who suspect they may have the illness should
seek medical attention and should not travel until they recover.
The illness is a "worldwide health threat," said Dr. Gro Harlem
Brundtland, WHO's director general. "The world needs to work together to
find its cause, cure the sick, and stop its spread."
Outbreaks of the disease have been reported in southern China,
Hong Kong and Singapore. Unconfirmed new cases have been reported in
Vietnam and Taiwan.
A team of epidemiologists from the U.S. Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention (news - web sites) arrived in Hanoi on Saturday
to gather samples from people who may be infected.
The Hanoi outbreak started after an American businessman traveling
from Shanghai via Hong Kong apparently infected up to 30 hospital
workers, five of them listed in critical condition. The unidentified
U.S. citizen was evacuated and died in Hong Kong.
In Canada, a woman and her son died in Toronto soon after they
arrived from Hong Kong. Four of their relatives have been hospitalized.
"What is very important is infection control, which needs to be
put in place," said Pascale Brudon, the World Health Organization's
representative in Vietnam. "We need to understand much more about what
this disease is and how patients are reacting to different treatment."
2-10-03 - DREAM - I was seemingly in a resort town in the
southeast. A woman with dark-hair and a southern accent was giving a
tour of the town in an open mini-bus.
I was on the back of the bus and she drove so fast, I felt
like I was going to fall off into the street behind the bus.
On every corner in this town was a store where one could buy
goodies to eat. The very first one was a light blue store that had a
large sign painted on the window in multi-coors: 7 FLAVORS of ice cream.
I got hired to manage an apartment building and I was
checking to see which apartments were empty because we had to repair
them quickly so new people could move in. In the first room I looked in,
the plaster was rough and looked like it had been plastered and finished
with fork tines in vertical lines. It wasn't smooth anywhere.
I met the head plaster repairman/Master Mason and he pointed
out and showed me that he was going to plaster over the wooden beam that
formed an arch in the doorway so nobody would know it was there. I
didn't like that idea because I like wooden beams in doorways to begin
with and besides that if he plastered over it like he described, there
would barely be any headroom to walk under the arch. It looked more like
a cave than a room to live in.
When I finished talking to the Master Mason, I saw that
people were lining up in the hallway, waiting to go upstairs where they
were giving away kittens at the 'eighth gate'.
The last woman didn't have anything to carry her kitten in,
so I quickly washed the dirt and crud out of a discarded bowl that was
chipped, but had hand-painted fruit on it, that she could carry her
I then planned to walk over to the rental office so they
could give me a list of empty apartments so we could get them ready for
In 1999, I had a dream which also fits this theme:
12-20-99 - DREAM - I worked at a large factory in the office.
I lived in a huge apartment building with other people. I came home from
work and found a young man dressed all in white standing facing the
window. He was keeping score on what was going on out on the street. The
people were playing some kind of game and he was keeping track of it. I
thought I could probably do it easier with a calculator, but he was
doing it by moving five little white rings back
and forth. I watched him a bit, but I had visitors, so I had to talk to
Two women came in and I was introduced to the young dark
haired woman. I was told her name was Jane Twyman and she had written
many books, and I was intrigued and wondered why I had never heard of
her before. Her books were about
metaphysics and I
wanted to read them. I planned to get them as soon as I could.
The older woman then said she had a business she wanted to
sell and she wanted me to have the first opportunity to buy it. We went
east on Greenfield Ave. just a few feet ... we seemed to be on 70th and
Greenfield where A-C was. Right on the street, set back just a few feet
was a country-western bar. It was decorated with all blue lights and
people stood at the bar and chatted and were having a good time. She
said I could have it for only $500 down. I told her I would have to
think about it, but knew that this was the bargain of a lifetime because
it was a good business and the income from it would pay for the price of
the business, whatever it was. It was right in front of A-C where lots
of people worked and the traffic would be really good.
I then went back to the apartment and had to go to the
bathroom. I had
three bathrooms, but two of them were being remodeled and the toilets
were torn out of them. I was going to use the good bathroom, but the man
in white was using it when I got there. I went out into the hall to go
to another apartment, but they were using their bathroom too, so I had
to come back home and wait until I could use my own bathroom.
When I got there, I found that the man in white was
remodeling my apartment and had taken the plaster off of the edge of the
wall where it went down the hallway and saw that the wall was bowed out
where he pointed at it. I told him he'd better not plan to take all the
plaster off the walls because they were very rough. I told him the job
would be endless and he laughed. He planned to replaster and paint the
I had to change clothes and he almost caught me naked, but I
had my green and white robe there and I grabbed it and held it in front
of me. We were both laughing.
I never found out for sure what his name was, but I thought
the other woman called him Jim and I thought for some reason that his
name was Tyman... but after waking up, I thought it was probably
James Twyman. I don't know if there was a connection between Jane
and him or not. I wasn't told that they were related. (James
I went to work again then, and there were hundreds of people
there. I was still thinking about the country-western bar and whether or
not I should buy it. I had a feeling that the man dressed in white was a
good business man and thought maybe I should ask his opinion but I
didn't really know him well. So, I asked one of the other women about
him and she said she knew him and told me that he was a really fast
driver. I thought then that if I ever got into a car with him, I would
insist to drive it myself.
I had a huge bottle of red wine in my office... seemed like
it was larger than a gallon and I decided to take it with me. (Revelation 16:1) are the last series of
plagues for God to judge the planet. The "wine of the wrath of God" is
directed toward those who have taken the Mark of the Beast (Revelation
14:10). Who can stand the pure, unadulterated wrath of God (14:10)? No
I had a locker down in the basement and decided I would put
it in my locker rather than take it home. I went down to the basement
and the farther down the hall I went towards the elevator, the darker it
got because the lights were out. Someone was following me down the hall
and I started to get scared because it was getting darker and darker the
farther I went. I finally stopped and let the person go by. It turned
out to be a woman and she got on the elevator. The locker room door was
right next to the elevator. I opened the door and entered it. It was
brightly lit and hundreds of women were in there, sitting around waiting
for job interviews it seemed. People would look right at me and talk and
I would think they were talking to me, but they really weren't ... they
were talking to the person next to them ... just looking at me walk by
with my huge jug of red wine.
As I walked along the hallway where all these people were
sitting, I didn't talk to anyone ... my mind was full of thoughts about
the country-western bar and whether or not I wanted to buy it ... and
whether I should ask the man in white for business advice. I hadn't
gotten to my locker yet either. I just kept walking and thinking until I
All I know is that when I thought about
James Twyman ... I was feeling
so much love I could hardly stand it to just lay there and do nothing.
VISION - After I woke up, still thinking about the dream and
all it's facets, I had a vision of a coin collection in a white plastic
case. There were four silver dollars in it, the upper right one was
'Mercury' with wings. (Numismatic
Mediation leads to the state of
“Diamond Soul”; thought simulated by streams from the “Jewel in the
Lotus”. There are said to be eight such streams, and Mercury is the
“Guardian of the Eighth Gate” and is much associated with the number
The Messenger at the eighth gate";
Mercury was active at the time of individualization when the "eighth
gate" was opened and a major initiation of our planetary Logos took
place, producing, in the human kingdom, the process of
Hermes' roman name Mercury is not just a name, but also an
element. Mercury is known as quicksilver, because it flows easily, and
it's silvery. This is all because Hermes was such a quick god.
Olympus now is the root word used in the
Olympic Games and the Olympic Mountains. The Olympic Games are a
competition that takes place every four years where the world's best
athletes compete against one another. The Olympic Mountains are
mountains on the Olympic Peninsula in the state of Washington.
In astrological psychology Mercury stands for the intellect
and, on a more fundamental level, for the processes of symbolism, the
basis for our communication systems.
All our knowledge of
the parts of the world that we cannot directly perceive reaches us via
symbols and signs. When these symbols and signs (e.g. words,
pictures and ideograms) reach us, we associate them with our memories of
our perceptions of the world, and then true knowledge or illusions
(false ideas) about the world we live in are released in us. For every
sensory perception that reaches us, there is some outer physical
The 5 rings again appeared in my dreams in 2003
1-5-03 - DREAM - I was dreaming about crocheting a dress with
a diamond pattern. When I got near done with it, a sign appeared that
said, "The dress of Jesus". (It did resemble a shroud but had a neckline
in it - so it was worn like a robe that went all the way to the floor).
1-6-03 - VISION - I saw a white plate with a gold rim with a
piece of fish on the plate in the shape of a white fish. I sprinkled
pepper on it before I could eat it.
1-7-03 - VISION - I saw 5 red rings intertwined in a line
1-7-03 - VISION - I saw 5 blue rings intertwined in a line
On the 12th of January, I also dreamed of Michael:
I was surprised to see my son Michael in my second apartment.
He was taking care of my pets there - a German Shepherd dog - which was
in a sulky harness with wheels - (like a chariot?)_( I never owned this
kind of dog) and a little orange kitten like the one I have now, which
lives under the house with its siblings and other cat relatives.
THE LION AND EIGHTH GATE CONNECTION
10-26-98 - DREAM - I seemed to be in a school of some type,
one where I lived as well as learned, one where I also taught people and
children younger than me.
There was work going on out in the yard and our laundry was
hanging on the lines, large items like sheets and blankets. The workmen
need the space to work in and shoved our
laundry aside, but
there was still a white bed coverlet that needed to go out on the line.
It was folded in
quarters when I found it laying on the ground between two buildings.
I had to think about how to hang it up because I had no clothespins so I
hung it over the line with half on each side and knew I would have to
watch it so the wind wouldn't blow it away. I sat in the livingroom
watching the shadow of the sheet on the wall, blowing in the wind
outside in the sunlight.
As I sat there, I saw a little orange kitten come out from
under a large livingroom chair. As I watched, 5 more came out, one at a
time until there were 6, and then the mother appeared to care for them.
As soon as the cat and the kittens were walking into the next
room of the house, a baby golden lion cub came tumbling out from under
the same chair I knew it was a lion cub rather than an ordinary cat
because of his rounded ears and he was chubbier.
As I watched, another golden lion cub appeared one by one
until there were 6. They were very small but I knew they grew to adult
size in two months and I knew the mother lion would appear in a moment
to care for them in her way.
I noticed then that school was done for the day. I walked out
into the lobby and saw some hand drawn pictures done by the students,
hanging on the wall up by the ceiling.
I went outside and saw the students going every which
direction to go home. But there were
3 boys who looked like
brothers who stood closely together and they were waiting for a bus.
I saw them originally standing on the main street on the other side of
the intersection, but no bus came, so they came over towards where I was
standing to wait for a bus.
A huge, oversized - silver bus came along and pulled up to
the curb where I stood. He opened the door and waited for the 3 boys to
get on. But the boys were hesitant to get on the bus by themselves and I
walked over to help them. The bus driver got off the bus to help too and
I told him that the boys shouldn't get on the bus without their parents.
While we were standing there, the bus driver came over to
talk to me until the boys parents showed up. We went back into the
building then and I was telling the bus driver the story of the 3 gods,
then of the kittens, followed by the lions. The bus driver was so
enthralled by the story, he kept getting closer and closer to me. It
wasn't until then I noticed how huge this guy was and that he was
wearing a red and
white striped polo shirt instead of a green bus driver's uniform. I
got concerned about the bus and said, "Don't you have a bus to drive?"
He got closer to me and said, "I'm just a student!" I was very
uncomfortable having him be that close and expected him to go back out
and drive the bus.
" Three are the colors associated with
Brighid; white for the white cows of Boann, Her mother, white for the
White Mare of the Otherworld, red and white for the red eared dogs of
the Otherworld, black, red and white for the cat, the snake, and the
oystercatcher. Black, red and white are the original colors of creation
and of the Goddess."
Meanwhile, I walked back into my livingroom. There, on a
table were three packets of jewelry belonging to
three young girls.
They didn't seem to be interested in having the jewels once they got
them and just let them lay around on the table. So, I began to put the
jewelry back into the cases into the pockets where they belonged. I
decided I would keep them myself if the girls didn't come back to get
THE EIGHTH GATE
The connection between the
and the zodiac can be clarified by noticing that in Origen's Contra
Celsum, Celsus describes a Mithraic symbol consisting of a ladder with
seven gates, each associated with one of the seven planets, while at the
top there is an eighth gate associated with the sphere of the fixed
stars and leading to the region beyond that sphere. The leontocephaline,
as is well-known, almost always holds a key, this key is reasonably
identified as the key to the celestial gates described by Celsus.
However, since the leontocephaline is never linked in Mithraic
iconography with any of the planets, but is clearly associated with the
zodiac, it seems likely that he has a special connection with Celsus'
eighth gate-- that of the sphere of the fixed stars and the realm beyond
it-- since it is on that sphere that the zodiac lies.
Mithraists understood the cave in which
Mithras kills the bull
as symbolizing the cosmos, since in the Esquiline relief the arch
separating Mithras from the six fires above is the roof of the cave,
while in the Barberini painting exactly the same position and role are
filled by the arch of
the zodiac. (Esquilineis the highest hill in Rome)
Plato seems to have adopted the idea of fire as existing in the
furthest region of the cosmos in Timaeus 62D-63E. Plato understood that
the elements are arranged in a definite order: fire around the
circumference, where it is the chief constituent of the stars' bodies,
next the spheres of air and water, and earth at the center.(The
The idea of a fire at the outermost boundary of the universe later
became commonplace in Stoic thought. Cleanthes, according to Cicero
taught that "the most unquestionable deity is that remote
all-surrounding fiery atmosphere called the aether, which encircles and
embraces the universe on its outer side at an exceedingly lofty
The key held by the Mithraic leontocephaline, indicates his role
as a type of boundary guardian. associated with the boundary between
what is inside and what is outside the cosmic sphere.
For in the Chaldean Oracles, it is taught that there exists beyond
the universe a realm of fire, the boundary between the cosmos and what
is beyond was personified in the figure of the goddess Hekate, a central
divinity in the Oracles' religious system.
The figure of
Hekate in the
Chaldean Oracles derives from speculations on Plato's description of the
World-Soul in his dialogue Timaeus. Plato states that the
creator of the universe-- as part of the process of creation made a soul
for the cosmos as a whole. Plato also states that the Demiurge set this
"World-Soul" in the center of the cosmos "and caused it to extend
throughout the whole and further wrapped the body of the cosmos round
with soul on the outside.
In the Chaldean Oracles this abstract entity became personified as
the goddess Hekate. The Mithraic leontocephaline evidently also
represents a similar personification of the cosmic boundary. The
Mithraic leontocephaline, is also associated with an array of symbols
But the key piece of evidence connecting the leontocephaline as a
symbol of the cosmic boundary, is that ... like the Chaldean Hekate, the
snake that is almost always shown wrapped around him.
The snake is
a solar symbol, a symbol for cosmic time, as a symbol of the celestial
ascent of the soul. The connection between the leontocephaline and the
cosmic boundary and World-Soul is that the World-Soul in its role as
boundary of the universe was symbolized as a serpent.
In Origen's Contra Celsum, following his discussion of the
Mithraic eight-gated ladder, Origen discusses the teachings of the
Gnostic sect of the Ophites or serpent-worshippers as expressed in
diagrams they displayed. One of the diagrams, was "a drawing of ten
circles, which were separated from one another and held together by a
single circle, which was said to be the soul of the universe and which
was called Leviathan. Origen explains that this Leviathan is a great
serpent, symbolizing the soul that permeates the universe. The serpent
represents Plato's World-Soul in that according to Origen the diagram
showed Leviathan twice, once in the center and once around the
circumference, just as in the Timaeus Plato said that the World-Soul was
placed in the center of the cosmos and also wrapped around the outside.
In the Pistis Sophia, "The outer darkness is a great dragon, whose tail
is in his mouth, outside the whole world and surrounding the whole
The Platonic World-Soul as the boundary of the cosmos symbolized
by an encircling serpent. In Mithraic iconography another figure besides
the leontocephaline who is depicted as entwined by a serpent: namely,
the god Oceanus. Oceanus is depicted in the tauroctony beside the image
of Mithras ascending in the chariot of the sun, and is easily
identifiable by associated watery symbols such as waves, a boat, an oar,
a vase, or a sail Beside the image of Mithras in the chariot is depicted
as entwined by a serpent in exactly the same way as the leontocephaline.
[Mercury in relation to Leo]. Leo, being the fifth sign of the
zodiac, counting from Aries via Taurus, and also the eighth signs,
counting from Aries via Pisces, is closely related through numerical
affinity with Mercury, who is esoterically called “the Messenger at the
‘eighth gate’”; Mercury was active at the time of individualization when
the “eighth gate” was opened and a major initiation of our planetary
Logos took place, producing, in the human kingdom, the process of
As these Mysteries lasted well into Christian times, we have
fuller information than the others. Origen quoting Celsus says that in
the Caves of Mythras there was a representation of the two heavenly
iriovements, namely those of the fixed stars and the planets or that
which takes place, in them, and the passage of the Soul through these.
The representation is of the following nature; there is a ladder with
lofty gates and on the top of it an eighth gate. The 1st gate consists
of lead; the 2nd of tin; the 3rd of copper; the 4th of iron; the 5th of
a mixture of metals; the 6th of silver; the 7th of gold; and he goes on
to describe the dedication of these metals, and gates, 1st to Saturn;
2nd to Venus; 3rd to Jupiter; 4th to Mercury; 5th to Mars; 6th to the
Moon, 7th to Sun. At Reception they baptized with water, and offered
bread and wine or water; a crown was offered which he cast away, a white
stone was given him. It is said that when the Emperor Julian was
received he was baptized with blood, We Hierophant saying: 'With this
blood I wash away thy sins, that the Spirit of the divinity may enter
into thee, the newly begotten, Thou are the Son of the highest God'. The
degree, as drawn by Marconis, is very beautiful and he adheres close!y
In the eastern portion of Jerusalem, facing the Mount of Olives,
stands a sealed gate. This is the Golden Gate, which is the last of the
eight gates leading into the Palestinian city of Jerusalem. Bricked in
solid from top to bottom it is now contiguous with the wall itself, so
that no one can enter or leave through its portals.
The Moslems left open the first seven gates when they rebuilt the
city and its walls many centuries ago.The eighth gate was sealed in
response to a Jewish tradition. By closing off the eighth gate, they
could prevent anyone who claimed to be the Jewish Messiah from coming
through it in fulfillment of Rabbinical traditions.
Jesus has not been accepted by either the Moslems or the Jews,
thus they both look for someone else to come in the future. The
expectation of a Messiah appearing at the eighth gate remains.
Jewish tradition teaches that the Messiah will come into Jerusalem
through the 'Golden Gate' which faces east toward the Mount of Olives.
Thus when the Moslems learned of this, they sealed the eastern gate to
prevent anyone entering at this location.
Christians believe that Jesus is the Messiah sent by God and that
He already made His entrance into Jerusalem. The present wall in
Jerusalem and its Golden Gate had not been built at the time Jesus
appeared. (It was built in 1537) Prophecy tells us that the Messiah it
will be one 'who comes in God's name' that will fulfill the traditions
of the Jews and that this will occur at the end of time.
The Belief in the Rapture comes from these two verses:
1 Thes. 4:16: For the Lord himself, with a word of command, with
the voice of an archangel and with the trumpet of God, will come down
from heaven, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are
alive, who are left, will be caught up together 4 with them in the
clouds to meet the Lord in the air. Thus we shall always be with the
When Michael the Archangel appears on the Mount of Olives, the
sealed golden gate (eighth gate) will be opened by God, and it is
through this opening that Michael will proceed on his journey into
Jerusalem. As he enters, Michael will herald the second coming of Jesus
Christ, whose brilliant re-appearance will follow right afterward, just
as soon as Michael calls out the command.
Michael is the 'Elijah' the Jews have been waiting for, whom
scripture has foretold will presage the appearance of the Messiah.
Because they missed His first appearance, the Jewish traditions now
apply to the Second Coming of Jesus Christ.
In verse  Will be caught up together: literally, snatched up,
carried off; cf 2 Cor 12:2; Rev 12:5. From the Latin verb here used,
rapiemur, has come the idea of "the rapture," when believers will be
transported away from the woes of the world; this construction combines
this verse with Matthew 24:40-41 // Luke 17:34-35 and passages from
Revelation in a scheme of millennial dispensationalism.
When the western wall comes down and the golden gate is made open
to the east, it will be a sign to the whole world that the return of
Jesus is imminent. It will be just the same then as it was in Jericho
when the people of the Lord shouted the war cry:
In Joshua 6:20, "The people shouted, the trumpets sounded. When
they heard the sound of the trumpet, the people raised a mighty war cry
and the wall collapsed then and there."
The mighty war cry is the intonation that Jesus said the Jews must
exclaim before they see Him again:
"At the trumpet of God, the voice of the archangel will call out
the command and the Lord himself will come down from heaven..."
Hearing the trumpet and the war cry, the stone and mortar seals on
the eastern gate will crumble and fall away when Michael is near.
The Gates of Jerusalem
Each one of its eight gates have a symbolic meaning.
The seven open gates of this city stand for the seven churches of
Christ. By preaching Jesus -- these churches are the seven gates to the
Gospel (which is Jesus -- the temple of the Lord).
Seven is a symbolic number standing for the sum total of Christian
worship on earth. The eighth gate -- the sealed gate -- stands for
Judaism. Together they represent the two Houses of Israel.
Spiritually, the eighth gate was sealed by God long before the
Moslems came. This sealing took place in fact when the Jewish blindness
was first decreed -- a decree announced by the Apostle Paul.
The opening of the eighth gate points to the restoration of Jewish
sight and to their reunion with the Lord at the end of time. This is why
the golden gate will tumble open at the end -- as a signal to the Jews
that the One they have been waiting for all these years is about to
(The Eighth Gate of The City, Gad)
Gen. 30:9 says, "When Leah saw that she had stopped having
children, she took her maid servant Zilpah and gave her to Jacob as a
wife. Leah's servant Zilpah bore Jacob a son. Then Leah said, 'A troop
cometh!' So she named Him Gad." Gad means a troop cometh or good
Can't you just hear God when Mary gave birth to the baby Jesus
saying GAD!!! A troop cometh! He is the first born among many brethren
Gad means in Hebrew to crowd upon - to attack - to invade - to overcome
- to assemble by troops - an army - a band of men who are fully armed
The eighth gate is knowing by experience that you are part of that
troop. Gad, the eighth gate, speaks of predestination. God never did
intend for predestination to become a doctrine. As long as it is in the
doctrine realm it will produce death. God meant predestination to be an
When you get far enough into the City, through the eighth gate you
will know that you were in the bosom and the mind and the heart and the
counsel of God before he laid the foundation of the world.
What, then, happens in our spiritual walk when we pass through the
gate of Gad? Gen. 49:19 says, "Gad, will be attacked by a band of
raiders, but he will attack them at their heels."
If you have passed through Gad, you are accustomed to spiritual
warfare. You are a seasoned warrior. You do not turn and run when you
are outnumbered and overwhelmed by the enemy. You do not hide your head
in the sand and pretend nothing is happening. No matter how dark and how
hopeless it may seem in the natural, there is an inward confidence, and
inward knowing that God has everything under control and you will be
Jeremiah said in Jer. 17:1, "The sin of Judah is written with a
pen of iron and with the point of a diamond; it is engraved on the
tablet of their heart, and upon the horns of their altars."
God is raising up a troop who are going to pinpoint the son of the
Church. He cleansed the temple twice. At the beginning and the end of
his ministry. At the beginning and the end of this age the temple shall
be cleansed. A ministry that has endured hardness is a good soldier. God
is bringing forth a troop that will stand without fear or favor and in
humility declare the sin of the Church and prepare her to meet Her
Deut. 33: 20-21 says, "Blessed be he who enlarges Gad! Gad lurks
like a lioness, and he tears the arm, yes, the crown of the head. He
selected the best land for himself, for there was the leaders portion
reserved; yet he came with the chiefs of the nation, and the righteous
will of the Lord he performed, and His ordinances with Israel."
I Chron. 12:8 says, "Of the Gadites there went over to David to
the stronghold in the wilderness men of might, men trained for war, who
could handle shield and spear, whose faces were like the faces of lions,
and who were swift as gazelles on the mountains."
Verse 15 says, "These are the men who went over Jordan in the
first month, when it had overflowed all its banks, and put to flight all
those in the valleys, east and west."
Verse 37-38 says, "On the other side east of the Jordan River, of
Reuben, and Gad and the half-tribe of Manesseh, 120,000 men armed with
the weapons and instruments of war. All these men of war arrayed in
battle order, came with a perfect and sincere heart to Hebron, to make
David king over all Israel; and all the rest also of Israel were of one
mind to make David king."
Paul said in Eph. 4:19 that a man can come to a place in his life
where he is passed feeling. He said in I Tim. 4:2 that there were those
who would have their conscience seared with a hot iron. I believe that
an individual can go so deep into sin that God will give them up to
their own desires. But, on the other hand, I believe that you can mature
to a place in your knowledge and understanding and experience in God,
where you cannot turn back. You have locked in with God. You have gone
too far to turn back.
If you ever pass through the gate of Gad, the experience of
knowing that you were in the loins of God before the foundation of the
world as a troop, a people, a family, there will be the evidence of this
in the way you live and the fruit you produce. Like I said before, you
are the fruit of this ministry, the epistle of the Holy Spirit, and any
other ministry can come in and inspect your fruit and know if this
ministry is of God.
If you pass through this gate, you will absolutely know beyond any
shadow of a doubt that you are from God and He has raised you up for
just such a time as this. Jesus passed through this gate. If you pass
through this gate you will know that absolutely nothing can come your
way, no circumstance, no obstacle, no temptation, no test, and no devil
in hell that can ever begin to move you, persuade you from the
determination and the dedication and the preservation of this walk with
I am saying that it is possible to reach a place in God where you
will never fall. But you will have to pass through eight gates to get
The walls are actually one of the newest additions to the Old
city, having been built by Suleiman the Great between 1537 and 1542. At
the time he had seven gates built into the wall (an eighth was added
much later, in the 19th century). Each of the gates has three or more
names (again the name game — to make it easy, we will use the more
internationally known name and add the Hebrew and Arabic names,
respectively, in parentheses):
Damascus Gate (Sha'ar Shechem [Nablus Gate] and Bab al-Mud [Gate
of the Column]), leading east in the direction of Damascus and to East
Herod's Gate (Sha'ar HaPerahim and Bab as-Zahra [Flower Gate])
St. Stephen's Gate (Sha'ar Ha'Arayot [Lions Gate] and Bab al-Ghor
[Jordan Gate]), leading to the Mount of Olives
Golden Gate leading directly to the Temple Mount/Haram ash-Sharif
and believed by many Jews to be the gate through which the Messiah will
enter the Old City, despite (and probably because of) which it is sealed
and has been so for centuries
Dung Gate (Sha'ar HaAshpot and Bab al-Maghariba [Gate of the
Moors]), possibly so called because the city dump was nearby
Zion Gate (Sha'ar Ziyyon and Bab Haret al-Yahud [Gate of the
Jewish Quarter]), which was added to give access to the monuments on Mt.
Zion that were reputedly left outside the wall as a cost-cutting measure
(and resulted in the beheading of the wall's architects by the order of
an incensed Suleiman)
Jaffa Gate (Sha'ar Yafo and Bab al-Khalil [Gate of the Friend]),
which leads in the direction of Jaffa and/or Hebron (Hebron is al-Khalil
The added eighth gate is the New Gate (Sha'ar HeHadash and Bab
al-Jadid), which gives direct access to the sites of the Christian
Initiation has been so frequently presented as being a ceremony
that I have felt it necessary to offset strenuously that erroneous
significance. If, however, you are to comprehend that which I have to
say, you will have to call in what measures of enlightened understanding
you may possess.
Initiation is only a ceremony in so far that there comes a
climaxing point in the initiatory process in which the disciple's
consciousness becomes dramatically aware of the personnel of the
Hierarchy and of his own position in relation to it. This realization he
symbolizes to himself - successively and on an increasingly large scale
- as a great  rhythmic ceremonial of progressive revelation in
which he, as a candidate, is the center of the hierarchical stage. This
is definitely so (from the ceremonial angle) in the first two
initiations, and in relation to the Christ as the Initiator. After the
third initiation, the ceremonial angle lessens in his consciousness
because the higher initiations are not registered by the mind (with its
ability to reduce realization into symbolic form) and thus transmitted
to the brain, but they reach the brain and are there registered via the
antahkarana; the results of the experience of expansion are now
definitely of such a nature that they cannot be reduced to symbols or to
symbolic happenings; they are formless and remain in the higher
The point I seek to make is that the ceremonial aspect is due to
the thought-form-making capacity of the disciple and (which is of major
importance) constitutes his contribution to the future externalization
of the initiatory process in its earlier stages. When an adequate number
of disciples will have succeeded in relating the Spiritual Triad to the
soul-infused personality and have occultly "precipitated" the energies
of the Monad through the medium of the antahkarana, then the first and
second initiations can be "ceremoniously" enacted on earth.
The higher initiations cannot be thus presented but will be
enacted on the mental plane, through the medium of symbols and not
through the details of ceremonious happenings. This symbolic
representation will hold good for the third, the fourth and the fifth
initiations. After these five great expansions have taken place, the
initiations will no longer be registered as factual ceremonials on earth
or as symbolic visualizations on the mental plane. It is hard to find a
word or a phrase which can express what occurs; the nearest I can
approach to the truth is the "existence of illumination through
revelation." You  will note in this connection that the fifth
initiation is given the name of Revelation. You therefore have a
sequence of consequences or of the results of spiritual attainment which
are as follows:
Factual Ceremonials, based on externalization.
Initiation 1 - The Birth.
Initiation 2 - The Baptism.
Symbolic Representation, based on spiritual visualization.
Initiation 3 - The Transfiguration.
Initiation 4 - The Renunciation.
Initiation 5 - The Revelation.
Illumination through Revelation, based on living
It will be obvious that these three attempts to define the process
of initiation present only the outer form aspect; each initiation has
three aspects, as has all else in nature, for initiation is a natural
process. There is first, its form aspect; then its soul or consciousness
aspect; and finally, its life aspect.
The form aspect culminates experience and presents the disciple's
comprehension of the initiatory process; the consciousness aspect
indicates in a mysterious manner the rate of expansion as the disciple
has undergone the process; the life aspect permits of extra-planetary
contact, thus indicating the possible future and the eventual processes
of identification. It might be added that the factual ceremonial admits
the disciple into full fellowship with the Hierarchy; that the symbolic
representation indicates to the disciple the Way into Shamballa, and
that illumined revelation presents to the initiate the bridge between
our cosmic physical plane and the inner subjective and cosmic worlds;
this entrance to the bridge (I am speaking in symbols)  reveals the
existence of the cosmic Antahkarana, created by the Lord of the World
and His group of Executives.
This information concerning the initiatory process is coordinating
in its nature and is of service to you only in this connection. It
demonstrates the underlying solar synthesis which was the fundamental
platform I gave out in A Treatise on Cosmic Fire. Beyond that
implication, the information is of no use to you. It enables you,
however, to begin to develop the esoteric sense of synthesis.
These three grades of appreciation or of comprehension of the
initiatory process are hinted at in the Masonic Work. The ceremonial
aspect can be related to the degrees of Entered Apprentice and of Fellow
Craft, plus certain little-practiced degrees, as for instance that of
Mark Mason degree and one or two others; these are expansions of the
implied teaching. The initiations, covered by the term symbolic
representation, find their first hint in the sublime third degree, that
of Master Mason, in the Holy Royal Arch and in one or two succeeding
degrees; the higher degrees of the Scottish Rite constitute a vague and
nebulous attempt to hold before the Masons of the world those expansions
of consciousness and of growth into the Light which are experienced in
the remaining higher initiations - those subject to the process called
illumination through revelation.
In connection with the Mutable Cross, the rays of the Sun in a
threefold form (combining the lowest energies of the threefold Sun) pour
into and through the man, via Jupiter. Jupiter is the agent of the
second ray which the Sun expresses - cosmically and systemically.
Hence the triple relation of the Sun to Leo which is unique in our
solar system, and hence the importance of the triangle which controls
the man born under Leo - the Sun, Uranus and Neptune. The energy of Leo
is focused through the Sun, and is distributed to our planet via the Sun
and the two planets which it veils.
Neptune, being the sign of the Deity of the waters, is related to
the sixth ray which governs the astral or emotional plane of desire.
When Neptune is thus active in the advanced Leo subject, then
emotion-desire have been transmuted into love-aspiration and are
dedicated to and oriented  to the soul; the entire emotional or
sensitive nature is responsive to energies coming from "the heart of the
Sun," and when this is the case, it indicates that the disciple is now
ready for the second initiation. This orientation is brought about by
what is called "the sublimation of the influence of the Moon" which is,
as you know, the mother, symbolically speaking, of the form nature and
reflects the Sun, or the Father aspect. The above statement is
exceedingly occult in its significance. Esoterically speaking, you have
the emergence of an interesting triangle of force which affects the Leo
subject - the Sun, the Moon and Neptune; these are an expression of Rays
2.4.6 and, where these three are dominantly active, you have the
establishing of that "inner alignment and attitude which forces open the
Door into the Holy Place." I use these old phrases here because they
express concisely what it would take many pages to elucidate and because
they have that note of esoteric stimulation which awakens, in the
disciple, the power of abstract thought.
In connection with the horoscope of the Leo subject and the theme
of initiation, I would point out that when the Sun, the Moon (hiding a
planet) and Saturn are all combined in a certain house in the horoscope
you have what is called the "sign" of the man who is to take initiation.
Leo, being the fifth sign of the zodiac, counting from Aries via Taurus,
and also the eighth sign, counting from Aries via Pisces, is closely
connected through numerical affinity with Mercury, who is esoterically
called "the Messenger at the eighth gate"; Mercury was active at the
time of individualization when the "eighth gate" was opened and a major
initiation of our planetary Logos took place, producing, in the human
kingdom, the process of individualization.
From another angle, as might be anticipated, Leo is related 
to Scorpio, whose numbers upon the zodiacal wheel are the same as those
of Leo, being five and eight. You have, therefore, the formation of the
triangle to which I earlier referred: Leo-Scorpio, leading to initiation
As we are upon the subject, one other point might be touched upon
here. August, which is ruled by Leo, is the month of the Dog-star, or of
Sirius, which thus brings Sirius into close relation to Leo. Leo, in the
cosmic sense (and apart from our solar system altogether) is ruled by
Sirius. Sirius is the home of that greater Lodge to which our fifth
initiation admits a man and to which it brings him, as a humble
disciple. Later, when the new world religion is founded and is working,
we shall find that the major, monthly festival in August, held at the
time of the full moon, will be dedicated to the task of making contact,
via the Hierarchy, with Sirian force. Each of the months of the year
will later be dedicated (through accurate astrological and astronomical
knowledge) to whichever constellation in the heavens governs a
particular month, as Sirius governs Leo. This I shall later elaborate in
the papers to be written anent the new "Approaches" to spiritual
Mercury again comes, at this point, into our discussion, and you
thus have the formation of an esoteric quaternary, affecting powerfully
the major quaternary of man - spirit, soul, mind and brain. This energy
brings about an interrelation and an inner awakening which prepares the
aspirant for initiation. This higher quaternary is
Sirius-Leo-Mercury-Saturn. You have, therefore:
Sirius Leo Mercury Saturn
Spirit Soul Mind Brain
Life Quality Illumination Appearance
Inhalation Interlude Exhalation Interlude
 The above tabulation gives you the clue to the basic reality
and necessity of meditation as practiced by the disciple and the
initiate. This may not be apparent to you at first sight and I may not
further expand these suggestions, but the directed reflection of the
illumined mind may bring insight to you in time. The influence of Sirius
is not consciously felt until after the third initiation when the true
nature of the spirit aspect begins to dawn upon the liberated, intuitive
perception of the initiate. For the advanced initiate in this sign, and
after the third initiation, Sirius becomes a major life factor. He
begins to respond to its vibration because he now rules the Sun and the
Moon and is controlling those two planets, for that is what the Sun and
the Moon have become to him - simply planets to be ruled. This is a
great mystery and I simply state the fact. Sirius, Leo, the Sun, the
Moon and Mercury are now the influences with which the initiate is
concerned. The influences of Sirius, three in number, are focused in
Regulus, which is, as you know, a star of the first magnitude and which
is frequently called "the heart of the Lion." There is more real
occultism hidden in the names given to the various stars by astronomers
down the ages than has yet been realized, and here you have a case in
In the Tarot:
Wands: Decisive Action
The Eight of Wands calls for a positive act of will; step forward
and advance along your new path toward your goal. Be courageous; move
quickly and decisively, and do not waste your time and energy on
disputes with others (on the same or other paths) or on envy of their
progress. The Eighth Gate is barred by Rivalry.
Swords: Accepting Limitations
The Eight of Swords indicates that you are intellectually a novice
on your new path. You may be held back by confusion, limited knowledge,
criticism, indecision or lack of confidence. Before you can tread your
new path to freedom, you must acknowledge your ignorance, recognize your
blindspots, accept past errors and have faith in yourself. The Eighth
Gate is barred by Delusion.
The Eight of Cups calls for the past to be abandoned. You are
entering a new phase of life, so you may have to discard accustomed
ways, leave a comfortable situation, abandon previous plans, or forget
past success. Nevertheless, this should be a happy prospect, for you are
on a new path toward emotional and spiritual fulfillment. The Eighth
Gate is barred by the Past.
Having resolved the uncertainties of the Sept of Pentacles, the
Eight finds you embarked in a new project of real significance. However,
you are a novice in this endeavor, and humility, discipline and a
willingness to learn will be necessary to acquire the required skill to
accomplish your ends. Don't let impatience, laziness or vanity drive you
back to the comfort of your past accomplishments. The Eighth Gate is
barred by Sloth.
A PLAGUE DREAM
2-2-03- DREAM - I was working in an office somewhere
in the midwest. (not somewhere I've worked before)
I walked up to this huge typewriter that a huge black
woman claimed was hers, but there were 2 purchase orders already in it
that I needed to put dates on. Because the typewriter case was
adjustable, but loose, all I managed to type was 5 for the month.
The black woman came and adjusted the typewriter so
it would tye better but put a cloth over it so I couldn't see what it
typed. Then she got angry when I could see what it typed.
This typewriter also had a huge radio as part of it
and it was really loud. I managed to turn it from music to news, but
couldn't find the knob to turn it off.
I looked at the purchase orders. One was for a
Diffuser and the other for a pattern repair.
I was going from there to another company to work as
well at a second job. I needed to change clothes to do that and changed
from winter to spring clothes. But when I finally got ready I was
dressed all in pink, but then I had 3 purses and since the pink one was
empty and I had 2 wallets in the brown one and miscellaneous old stuff
in the black one and dint' have time to move everything over, I had to
leave the pink purse behind.
One of the men was there, he said he had lost a
tremendous amount of weight and couldn't wear any of his winter coats,
so he just walked out wearing just a silk shirt and gabardine pants.
I was bare-legged and wearing sandals and I felt
tremendous joy because I loved my job and the people there so much.
I walked down the stairs and at the bottom of the
steps lay a woman, crumpled up on the ground.
I helped her sit up and felt her forehead to see if
she had a fever and she didn't but as soon as she sat up, she vomited
out water about 10 feet.
I was astonished. She said, "That is nothing - tey
say that in bad cases, they expectorate like that for 100 feet."
When she said that, I heard a black man, out of the
window, made some kind of comment something like, "Why is it always us"!
At the curb a large 18 wheeler truck pulled up. It
had to be loaded with items from the company to take it from the midwest
The driver refused to drive the truck to California
though. He said, "No farmer will drive trucks to California because all
the cattle are quarantined from sickness."
I thought about driving the truck myself just for the
fun of it, but I had my own job to get done.
The Seven Bowls
Rev: 15:5 After these things I looked, and the temple of the
tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened.
Rev: 15:6 The seven angels who had the seven plagues came out,
clothed with pure, bright linen, and wearing golden sashes around their
Rev: 15:7 One of the four living creatures gave to the seven
angels seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God, who lives forever
Rev: 15:8 The temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God,
and from his power. No one was able to enter into the temple, until the
seven plagues of the seven angels would be finished.
John continued to look with the opened eyes of his spirit he saw
seven angels and each one of them received a bowl. These bowls present
the last woes upon the earth, so is said. The plagues of these bowls are
therefore the final miseries of man's history in its present rebellious
Rev: 16:2, the first bowl. The earth is hit, man is plagued by a
malignant tumour. It could well be that the enormous increase of all
kinds of cancers is the realization of the outpouring of this first
Rev: 16:3, the second bowl. The sea is hit. The contents of the
bowl make the waters like 'blood of a dead a dead man.' The waters
changes to a dark red colour. The pollution is obviously fatal for all
the creatures in the seas. We are now living in the days according to
scientists that even the oceans are getting more and more polluted and
the fish population is threatened.
Rev: 16:4, the third bowl. The rivers and watersources are hit,
something like the blood is thrown into the water and they become also
polluted and look like blood. Just remember that already now the
watersupply for the population of this planet becomes a problem and
scientists are studying what must be done to secure enough fresh water
in the future.
Rev: 16:8, the fourth bowl. The sun became too hot, its rays cause
devastating heat. People can obviously not stay in direct sunlight. This
problem is emerging also in these days as the ozone layer makes the
sunlight dangerous and hotter.
Rev: 16:10, the fifth bowl. The centre of mankind's evil
government is hit. There is darkness and there is terrible pain caused
by sores.They cursed God for their torments and did not consider
repentance. It is no secret that because of chemical and nuclear
pollutions diseases with sores and tumours increase.
Rev: 16:12, the sixth bowl. The river Euphrates dried up. The
Euphrates was the border of the Roman Empire in the time of John. Beyond
this river there lived peoples, that were from time to time a real
threat to the stability of the Empire. John sees how the river, the
natural border of this North-eastern region of the empire, dried up and
through this the whole stability of the empire is endangered. The access
of enemies has become easy. Just think how easy it is today by use of
the modern weapons - there are hardly any natural borders left - to
destabilize nations and indeed the whole global community.
The distrust between nations and the great antagonism between
peoples causing wars is generated and fed by spiritual powers of evil,
wickedness and uncleanness, represented here as frogs. Eventually they
will combine all powers against the people, who keep the faith in the
Rev: 16:17-21, the seventh bowl. Now comes the final plague. There
is a great release of power, all forces come in action. There is a great
earthquake, the biggest in the history of this planet. The pride of
human achievement, the great city, falls into three pieces, indicating
that she is fatally destroyed. Big hailstones are falling from the sky
and everywhere are earthquakes, causing islands to disappear in the sea.
Could it be that the earth is hit by a comet, a meteorite? Scientists
are sure that the earth was once hit by a gigantic comet, causing all
prehistoric animals to die. They say it could happen again, but nobody
1 And I heard a great voice out of the temple saying to the seven
angels, Go your ways, and pour out the vials of the wrath of God upon
2 And the first went, and poured out his vial upon the earth; and
there fell a noisome and grievous sore upon the men which had the mark
of the beast, and upon them which worshipped his image.
3 And the second angel poured out his vial upon the sea; and it
became as the blood of a dead man: and every living soul died in the
4 And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and
fountains of waters; and they became blood.
5 And I heard the angel of the waters say, Thou art righteous, O
Lord, which art, and wast, and shalt be, because thou hast judged thus.
6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and thou
hast given them blood to drink; for they are worthy.
7 And I heard another out of the altar say, Even so, Lord God
Almighty, true and righteous are thy judgments.
8 And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power
was given unto him to scorch men with fire.
9 And men were scorched with great heat, and blasphemed the name
of God, which hath power over these plagues: and they repented not to
give him glory.
10 And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the
beast; and his kingdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their
tongues for pain,
11 And blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and
their sores, and repented not of their deeds.
12 And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river
Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings
of the east might be prepared.
13 And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the
mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the
mouth of the false prophet.
14 For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go
forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them
to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.
15 Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and
keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.
16 And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew
17 And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and
there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne,
saying, It is done.
18 And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and there
was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth,
so mighty an earthquake, and so great.
19 And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities
of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God,
to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath.
20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.
21 And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone
about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the
plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great.
The Grand Cross Alignment -
The Sphinx, The Zodiac, The Four Living Creatures
and The Twelve Tribes
Prior to and during the eclipse the
planets will align in a Grand Cross, pointing to Leo, Taurus, Aquarius,
and Scorpio. In ancient times Scorpio was symbolised by an eagle.
Scholars say that these Zodiac signs marked the positions of the
solstices and equinoxes during the Age of Taurus. They also aligned in a
similar way during the Ages of Leo and Scorpio, and will again in the
Age of Aquarius, as the signs are 90 degrees apart from each other.
The Sphinx, as the lion/man, represents
the Zodiac Ages from Leo to Aquarius. These Zodiac signs are the Four
Living Creatures of Ezekiel and Revelation - the lion, the ox, the man,
and the eagle (see Ezekiel 1 and Rev. 4:6-8). This symbolism was well
known prior to Ezekiel, in the ancient near east. It is also associated
with the twelve tribes of Israel. There is evidence, including Biblical
sources, indicating that some of the Tribes traveled to the British
Isles long ago. The signs of the Zodiac are said to be within the
natural landscape around Glastonbury. The area is also called, "The New
I found Daniel Walsh's book, "Lost
Tribes of Israel Study Maps," very informative. He traces the
history and travels of the ancient Hebrews. Prior to the Exodus, and
again later, some of the Hebrew people traveled to other lands,
including into western Europe and the British Isles. Through marriage,
the Royal Bloodline was reunited in Britain, that is, the married pair
were of the bloodlines of the two twin sons of Judah, Pharez and Zarah.
Judah was associated with the lion,
because he is called "a lion's whelp" in Genesis 49:9. The scepter, the
ruler's staff ,will remain with him, that is, his bloodline, until one
comes to whom it belongs. Daniel Walsh pointed out that the four main
tribes and their symbols are these:
Judah - Lion
Ephraim - Ox or Bull
Reuben - Face of a Man
Dan - Eagle
Daniel referred to Numbers 2:1-33. The
Twelve Tribes are set up in quadrants in their encampments around the
central Tabernacle. Each quadrant has three Tribes, with a leading Tribe
for each. The Tribe of Judah is on the East, the Tribe of Reuben is on
the South, the Tribe of Ephraim is on the West, and the Tribe of Dan is
on the North.
When the Tribes set out on
the march, Judah was the lead Tribe, followed by the others in the same
order given in the camp positions. The Levites are an extra group in the
center with the tent of meeting, or Tabernacle, and they are not
numbered among the people of Israel.
This seems to be yet another
"coincidence" to add to the list. The Tribes of Israel correspond
directly with the Grand Cross and Zodiac in the heavens at the time of
the eclipse, over an area with the Zodiac signs in the landscape, and
over a people thought to have the Royal Blood of the Ancient Hebrew
Judah, then, as the leader,
can in the grander sense, be thought of as representing mankind, or the
path of mankind in spiritual evolution.
The Nostradamus quatrain, C10,
Q72 may to be related to the eclipse:
In 1999 and seven months
From the sky will descend a great terrifying King
Who will resuscitate the great King ANGOLMOIS.
Before and after, Mars reigns happily.
In the seventh month of 1999, the planets
will be in the Grand Cross alignment, and a lunar eclipse will occur.
The following month, the great solar eclipse will take place. Joan
Sckrabulis wrote a great book about the 1999 eclipse, called
The Lost Covenant. ANGOLMOIS, Joan says,
means, SANG + LION + SOLOMON, giving - "Blood of the Lion, Solomon".
I found a page about A Magical Sword." The last
line of the above Nostradamus Quatrain may be related to Eliphas Levi's
statement that the blade of the magical sword should be forged in the
hour of Mars, with new tools.
The Sphinx is The Father of
Around 1994, I saw a
Richard Hoagland Video
about the Face On Mars.
other scientists found evidence suggesting that the structures in
that area of Mars, called
monuments build by intelligent beings many thousands of years ago. The
geometry and mathematics indicated a
the structures on Mars and the ancient monuments at Giza in Egypt,
the pyramids and Sphinx. The word, Cairo, means Mars. The ancient Arab
word for the Sphinx means "the Father of Terror." Could this be related
to the "great terrifying King"
in the Nostradamus quatrain?
The Sphinx as The Zodiac
It seems likely that the Sphinx is related to the
Zodiac Ages Leo (the lion) and Aquarius (the man).
Recent investigations suggest that it was build much earlier that
previously proposed. It was probably build in the Age of Leo, and faced
East, aligned with the Zodiac sign of Leo on the spring equinox.
Directly behind, at 180-degrees was Aquarius. As the equinox point has
moved through almost six Ages covering some 12,960 years, the alignment
of the Sphinx will be 180-degrees reversed from the original.
Some researchers believe that the Sphinx originally
had wings and the hindquarters of an ox, to represent the two other
Zodiac signs, Scorpio and Taurus.
Judah and The Sphinx
Verses in the Book of Genesis (49: 9, 10) suggest
that Judah may be related to the symbolism of the Sphinx, and this is
related to his status of being the King:
Judah is a lion's whelp;
from the prey, my son, you have gone up.
He stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as a lioness; who dares
rouse him up?
The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler's staff from
between his feet,
until he comes to whom it belongs;
and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples."
The part reading "until he comes," is sometimes
translated as, "until Shiloh comes." As I understand it, some churches
teach that Shiloh refers to Jesus Christ, and the verse indicates His
second coming. But, others say that shiloh was a word meaning simply a
person. I also read that Shiloh was a place where the Temple of the
Levites was placed at one time.
Portal guardian from the palace of Ashurnasirpal II at
883-359 BC. Limestone - Height 11 feet 6 inches.
This chimeral cherub combines the body of a bull, feet of
a lion, wings and
breast of an eagle, and a human head wearing a miter with six
horns. These are features suggesting the four zodiacal signs of the
autumn equinoxes, summer and winter solstices, as they appeared
not Aries, but Taurus was the vernal equinoctial sign; namely:
and Eagle (which later became Scorpio), and Aquarius. So
these four brought together in one symbolic form the quarters of
revolving screen of the sky, beyond and behind which the god
Ashur resided -
as Ashurnasirpal, his vicar of earth, beyond and behind the wall
protected by this Taurian cherub. In the prophet Ezekiel's
vision, late 6th
Century BC, the same four beasts were seen in the faces of the
before God's throne (Ezekiel 1:5-11, also 10:9-14), and in
iconography, they again appear as signs of the Evangelists.
The Tribes, the Tabernacle and The Zodiac
By Joe Mason
In order to better understand the Book of Revelation, and its
Zodiac associations, it is important to study this chapter of the Bible
1 And Jehovah spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, 2 The
children of Israel shall encamp every man by his own standard, with the
ensigns of their fathers' houses: over against the tent of meeting shall
they encamp round about.
Keep in mind that they are being told to encamp in a way that
reflects the Heavens as seen from earth, with an understanding of the
Zodiac. The "tent of meeting" will be the Tabernacle in the center,
which reflects God's position in the center of heaven.
The "standard with the ensigns" seems to refer to symbolic
designs, just as we have symbols for the Zodiac signs. The word "Zodiac"
came from words meaning "circle of animals."
Also keep in mind that in other parts of the Bible, the "two
anointed," associated with the two olive trees of Revelation 11 and
Zechariah 4 are the High Priest and King. The High Priests come from the
line of Aaron. They come from the Tribe of Levi, who are not counted
among the Twelve Tribes, and are with the Tabernacle/Tent. The Kings
come from the Tribe of Judah.
Inside the Tabernacle is the golden lampstand with seven lamps,
the Menorah. In
Zechariah 4, the two olive trees stand on each side of the Menorah.
Joshua in Zechariah 3 is the High Priest. Zerubbabel is mentioned in
Zechariah 4. This is not the Joshua of the Jericho battle. Zerubbabel
was the "governor" and this Joshua was the High Priest when the Tribes
returned from Babylon around 600 BC. The short Book of Haggai
speaks of these two. Zerubabbel means "seed of Babylon."
I believe these "two anointed" represent the Bloodlines. The
chronology of the Bloodline of Kings is given on the first Page of the
New Testament, starting with Abraham and ending with Joseph who was
married to Mary. In the Old Testament, the Bloodline is traced back to
A dispute started many years later, with the "virgin birth" idea,
and still goes on. Why would the Bloodline be traced in such a way if
Joseph was not the real father of Jesus? Some say the virgin birth is
Ed note: scholars say that at the time of
Jesus birth, women weren't really considered married and were considered
to be virgins even if they were pregnant until 3 months passed after the
marriage ceremony, so that the groom could divorce the wife easily if he
didn't like her. This may have been done in the cases where the man and
wife didn't know each other prior to the marriage ceremony.
In the verses from Numbers 2, above, Moses seems to correspond to
the leader or King, and Aaron to the High Priest.
3 And those that encamp on the east side toward the sunrising
shall be they of the standard of the camp of Judah, according to their
hosts: and the prince of the children of Judah shall be Nahshon the son
Note that Judah is mentioned first and is on the east. Judah is
associated with the lion, as mentioned in Genesis 49:9. This, then,
corresponds to the Zodiac sign of Leo.
5 And those that encamp next unto him shall be the tribe of
Issachar: and the prince of the children of Issachar shall be Nethanel
the son of Zuar.
7And the tribe of Zebulun: and the prince of the children of
Zebulun shall be Eliab the son of Helon.
They shall set forth first.
So, now we have a total of three Tribes in the eastern quadrant,
corresponding to three Zodiac signs. When the Tribes set out on the
march, this eastern quadrant goes first, with the Judah Tribe leading.
There also may be a "time" symbolism in this, something that
started in the Age of Leo, like "marching" through time, as the
precession of the equinoxes moves in reverse through the Zodiac over a
period of 25,920 years. We are near or at the half way point, some
12,960 years since the beginning of Leo. The end of Pisces, of course,
is followed by Aquarius.
The total number of people in this quadrant is 186,400.
Interestingly, this is quite close to the speed of light in miles per
10 On the south side shall be the standard of the camp of Reuben
according to their hosts: and the prince of the children of Reuben shall
be Elizur the son of Shedeur. And they shall set forth second.
17 Then the tent of meeting shall set forward, with the camp of
the Levites in the midst of the camps: as they encamp, so shall they set
forward, every man in his place, by their standards.
The Tribe of Reuben is in the South quadrant. The symbol of Reuben
is the ox, and this corresponds to the sign of Taurus. The Tribes of
Simeon and Gad camp with Reuben in the South quadrant. They are second
in line when the Tribes set out on the march.
At this point, we have six Tribes or half the Zodiac. The tent
(Tabernacle) is in the middle (midst) of the encampment, tended by the
Tribe of Levites. When on the march, the Levites are in the center of
the line. The number of people in each of the Twelve Tribes is given,
but the number of Levites are not given.
This is followed by the Tribe of Ephrim in the West quadrant,
whose symbol is a man, indicating Aquarius. The Tribes of Manasseh and
Benjamin also camp with Ephrim in the West quadrant.
The Tribe of Dan is in the North quadrant, whose symbol is the
eagle, corresponding to Scorpio. The Tribes of Asher and Naphtali camp
with Dan in the North quadrant.
So, we have the Twelve Tribes representing the Zodiac, laid out in
quadrants, three tribes in each, and a lead Tribe in each, that
correspond to the Four Living Creatures. The Tabernacle/tent is in the
center with the "extra" Tribe of Levites.
33 But the Levites were not numbered among the children of Israel;
as Jehovah commanded Moses. 34Thus did the children of Israel; according
to all that Jehovah commanded Moses, so they encamped by their
standards, and so they set forward, every one by their families,
according to their fathers' houses.
Scholars point out that similar symbolism has been found in the
middle east, and appears to be quite old. For example, a limestone
"portal guardian" standing 11 1/2 feet high, was found at the palace of
Ashurnasirpal II at Nimrud, Assyria, dating to 883-859 BC. It is a
"chimeral cherub" combining the body of a bull, the feet of a lion,
wings and breast of an eagle, and a human head wearing a miter of six
The four creatures, it is said, represent the Zodiac signs of the
solstices and equinoxes during the Age of Taurus. This would also be
true for the Ages of Leo, Aquarius and Scorpio, as the four signs are
Some say the Sphinx has the same meaning, and that it once had
eagle wings and ox parts. Recent scholarship indicates that it is much
older that previously assumed . . . that it dates to somewhere around
10,500 BC. It faces almost due east, where the spring equinox was
located in Leo at that time. Aquarius, the "man," was directly behind,
180-degrees around the Zodiac. The Signs of Taurus and Scorpio were to
Ezekiel had his vision in the 6th century BC. He was one of the
captives in Babylon at the time. Scholars point out that he must have
know about the "cherubs" and the Zodiac symbols. The research of
Zechariah Sitchin indicates that much of this knowledge traces back to
the much more ancient Sumerians, who received it from the Anunnaki, the
sons of the God who came down and married the daughters of men, as the
Bible puts it. Abraham came from Ur, which is in that land.
The Book of Revelation, of course, speaks of the Four Living
Creatures, the Twelve Tribes, the tent in heaven, the seven golden
lampstands (the Menorah), and the two olive trees, the two anointed. The
144,000 with their Father's Name on their foreheads are composed of
12,000 people from each of the Twelve Tribes. The New Jerusalem
certainly seems symbolically similar to camp positions of the Tribes in
But, instead of the Tabernacle, the
Tree of Life stands
at the center.
The number seven, of course, is used over and over in the Bible
and in Revelation. The one like the son of man, standing amidst the
seven golden lamps holds seven stars.
All of it seems related to the Zodiac as envisioned in the camp
positions in Numbers 2. The ancient astrologers used the "seven planets"
that moved along the plane of the ecliptic through the Zodiac signs. The
seven included the sun, the moon, and the visible planets. The seven-day
week was fashioned after the "seven planets."
Ex. 28:17-21 speaks about the Twelve - "like the engravings of a
The last verses of Haggai say that Zerubbabel will be made the
Signet Ring of the Lord when Heaven and Earth shake. According to
Blavatsky, the Signet Ring of the Lord is the Tau Cross, the equal-armed
cross, and it is the Father's Name mark on the forehead (see Rev. 14:1).
The Father's Name is related to the "Tetragrammaton," the four letters
of the Divine name, YHWH.
This seems contradictory, but all of the above are related to the
same general ideas.
The number four seems to be related to many myths and religions.
The Pythagorean tetraktys is a group of dots or stars arranged in a
triangle. There are nine dots/stars around a central one, giving four
dots/stars on each side. Two interlaced Pythagorean tetraktys are above
the Eagle on our National Seal, giving a total of 13 stars.
The tetraktys is said to represent creation. The One becomes Two -
male/female, plus/minus, light/dark, etc. The row with three dots/stars
shows the relative balance of the dual forces - male dominant, female
dominant, and in balance and accord. The row of four dots/stars
indicates "all things created" - the four quarters of the Earth and the
four quarters of Heaven.
"The Sacred Symbols of Mu" has many forms of the four, such as
four genii, four builders and four pillars. Churchward relates them to
the "four primary forces" (electromagnetism, gravity, the strong atomic
force, and the weak atomic force).
I had a strange dream experience involving four.
Prior to my study of ancient symbols, I had a dream of a
counterclockwise Swastika. Energy was flowing from the center, out into
the arms. A voice said, "These are the forces going out from the center
to experience negative manifested events, in order to learn. It is
generally square, and you circle counterclockwise."
I later found Swastikas in The Sacred Symbols of Mu. Five
illustrations on page 78 show how the swastika evolved from the cross.
In this case, the Swastika is counterclockwise. James Churchward wrote
that the arms of the Swastika are formed by glyphs called "Builder."
These "L" - shapes are "two-sided squares," like the tool used by
carpenters, masons, and other craftsmen. It was called a Mason's Square
by the Masonic brotherhood. Four of the glyphs in the form of the
Swastika indicate "the Four Great Builders of the Universe."
The two-sided square glyph is on many of Niven's Mexican tablets.
In ancient Egypt it became a symbol of justice and uprightness. In the
Book of the Dead and in various Egyptian papyrii, the seats of the gods
and goddesses are composed of the two-sided square. It was a symbol of
the god Ptah. Two of his titles were "The Divine Artificer" and "The
Another type of Swastika was composed of four curved horn-like
shapes. Two forms of this type are shown on page 225, one from the Mound
Builders and the other from Niven's tablet number 1231. These two are
clockwise Swastikas, which indicate moving from west to east. It is a
"Good Luck" symbol.
My dreams and coincidences indicated that the Demiurge god is
symbolized by the Swastika, and represents the consciousness gestalt of
mankind. The Demiurge god is a deity subordinate to the Supreme Deity,
as creator of the physical world. He is often symbolized by craftsmen.
He can do "good or evil." My experiences indicated that the
counterclockwise Swastika symbolizes negative, yet learning,
experiences, and that the clockwise Swastika symbolizes positive
experiences. The Swastika can be formed by the "L" - like shape, meaning
"builder," or by curved horns.
I was astonished later, when I found the following verses in
1:18 And I lifted my eyes and saw, and behold, four horns! 19And I
said to the angel who talked with me, "What are these?" And he answered
me, "These are the horns which have scattered Judah, Israel, and
Jerusalem." 20Then the Lord showed me four smiths. 21And I said, "What
are these coming to do?" He answered, "These are the horns which
scattered Judah, so that no man raised his head; and these have come to
terrify them, to cast down the horns of the nations who lifted up their
horns against the land of Judah to scatter it."
In my mind, this refers to a counterclockwise, or west-going
Swastika composed of four curved horns, and to a clockwise, or
east-going Swastika composed of four "builder" glyphs. Some Bibles
translate the word "smith" as "carpenter." In any case, this is a
"craftsman," a "builder" type of symbolism, and I believe it refers to
mankind's role as co-creator of the reality. Remember too, that the
basic New Jerusalem Plan was found by dowsing within the crop circle
formation called a "Swastika circle." I also learned that the Swastika
is a symbol of Kali, and her consort, Shiva.
(end of excerpts)
Another thing that seems important, is that most all of these
symbols (historically "real" or not), seem to indicate a negative time
followed by a positive time. In addition to the four horns and smiths, I
think of these:
1. The Kings of the Earth fornicate with the harlot (Rev. 17),
become drunk on her wine, which causes fury, and collectively give over
their "royal power" to the beast, until the words of God are fulfilled.
That is the negative side. The positive side is in Rev. 21:24, where the
Kings of the Earth bring their glory into the New Jerusalem.
I believe there is a symbolic connection to Genesis 38, where
Judah had sex with the pretend harlot, Tamar, his own daughter-in-law.
In the exchange, he lost his signet, staff and cord. The strange, breach
birth of the twins, Pharez and Zarah, came from the union, and became
two disputed bloodlines.
I also think there is also a symbolic connection to Genesis
49:9-13, about Judah, the lion's whelp, having the scepter, the ruler's
staff, between his feet until Shiloh (the person to whom it belongs)
2. The two olive trees lay dead in the city for three days and a
half. Then, in Rev. 11:11, a breath of life from God goes into them and
they stand up on their feet.
3. The "3 1/2" also seems to have a cycle of negative, as half of
Daniel 9:27 speaks of abominations coming for "half of a week."
So, we have the 2, the 4, and the 7 involved in a negative,
followed by a positive. And, again, all relate to Numbers 2, and the
The "3 1/2" is indicated in other ways in various verses. Here is
1. Rev. 11:9 and 11:11 - 3 and 1/2 days.
2. Rev. 11:2 and 13.5 - 42 months, 3 and 1/2 years.
3. Rev. 11:3 and 12:6 - 1260 days - 3 and 1/2 revolutions on a 360
degree circle, or the Zodiac, or 3 and 1/2 years on the Jewish calendar,
which had 30-day months.
4. Daniel 12:7 and Rev. 12:14 - "a time, two times, and half a
time" - 1 + 2 + 1/2 = 3 and 1/2.
5. James 5:17 and Luke 4:25 - telling the story in 1 Kings about
Elijah's prayer that it not rain, and it did not rain for 3 years six
months. Then he prayed again, this time for rain, and Heaven gave rain,
and the earth brought forth its fruit.
6. Daniel 9:27 - "And he shall make a strong covenant with many
for one week; and for half of the week he shall cause sacrifice and
offering to cease; and upon the wing of abominations shall come one who
makes desolate, until the decreed end is poured out on the desolator." -
half of a week is 3 1/2 days.
My own dream-coincidences powerfully suggested that this is
related to the chakra system and its "3 1/2" midpoint, the Heart chakra.
It is a universal "elementary" idea found in cultures around the world
in various ways, according to Joseph Campbell. See:
Perhaps all of this is the "revelation," the revealing of that
which has previously been hidden, the rending of the veil.
It is difficult for any one person to solve the mystery. I think
it will take many working together. Perhaps this is part of "The Plan."
There is some suggestion that we are to develop our own ideas and
beliefs, and that they do not all have to be exactly the same. One
example is in Isaiah 65:17 and 65:21, 22. When the new heavens and new
earth are created, people will build their own houses and live in them,
and plant their own vineyards and eat the fruit. They will NOT live in a
house built by others, or eat the fruit planted by others.
Another clue, I think, is in Revelation 3:11, where we are advised
to hold fast to what we have, so that no one will seize our "crown."
This would be like a king giving over his "royal power."
There are a number of very good web sites with information about
the subjects of which we speak.
Unfortunately, Daniel just gives a brief description of his
written material on the web pages. But fortunately, his newspaper-like
Study Maps with text only costs a few dollars. It is well worth it, as
it traces the Tribes down through history, showing who went where, and
who they became. The Greeks, the Trojans, the Scithyians, the Spanish,
the Europeans, the Saxons (sons of Isaac), the Irish, Scots, and British
are all part of the Lost Tribes. According to Daniel, Saint Paul's
mission was to travel to the areas where the Lost Tribes were located,
and inform them that God's "divorce" from Israel was over, via the
sacrifice of His Son.
A low wall was recently uncovered at Gilgal, that seems to be the
place where the Tabernacle was located before being moved to Shiloh. A
review of scripture indicates that this is the intended place for the
new Tabernacle. The disputes over the rebuilding of the Temple in
Jerusalem are therefore unnecessary.
NEWS ABOUT PLAGUES AND VIRUSES
Study shows how flu jumps from birds to humans
By ANDRÉ PICARD
From Friday's Globe and Mail
Groundbreaking research using the virus that caused the worst
influenza epidemic in history, the Spanish flu of 1918, has provided
some intriguing clues about how the flu jumps from birds to humans and
how a bird virus can catch the human immune system off-guard, with
British and U.S. researchers found that the more birdlike the virus,
the more dangerous it is. But, for a particular strain of the flu to be
a big killer, there also need to be subtle alterations that allow it to
bind more efficiently to human cells.
“These are not little steps but big strides toward understanding, at the
structural and molecular level, what it is about these strains that make
them dangerous,” said Dr. Gregory Poland, a flu specialist at the Mayo
Clinic in Rochester, Minn.
He was not directly involved in the research, which was conducted at the
National Institute of Medical Research in Mill Hill, England, and the
Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla, Cal.
The researchers, whose work was published Thursday in ScienceExpress,
the online edition of the journal Science, cautioned that their findings
do not necessarily have direct implications for the current outbreak of
avian flu in Asia. That strain, A(H5N1), is substantially different from
the Spanish flu strain, which was from the H1 family.
“This research tells us more about the transmission from birds to
humans,” said Dr. John Skehel, the lead researcher. “However, it will
not have an immediate impact on the situation currently unfolding in the
Far East with the chicken flu known as H5, since we know that 1918 and
H5 hemaglutinins are different.”
The new research focused on hemaglutinin, a protein on the surface of
the flu virus that is essential for the virus to leap from one species
All influenza viruses are believed to have originated in birds. But
scientists have long thought that in order to cause human epidemics,
viruses first had to jump from birds to pigs, in which genetic changes
allowed them to spread more readily among mammals, and hence in humans.
The British and U.S. scientists worked with DNA taken from young
American soldiers who died of the Spanish flu in 1918 and whose bodies
were frozen in the Alaskan permafrost.
Using a technique called X-ray crystallography, they reconstructed a
three-dimensional structure of hemaglutinin. That exercise showed that
the Spanish flu retained most of the features of the avian virus but
underwent seemingly insignificant though crucial changes to allow it to
attach more easily to human cells.
This capacity to latch on, as well as the lack of mutation, explain why
the Spanish flu was so deadly. Death estimates vary, from 20-million to
100-million, but there is no doubt the Spanish flu was one of the most
deadly outbreaks in history. It killed more people than the Black Plague
and was just as gruesome: People who contracted the Spanish flu
literally drowned in their own lung fluid. Often, their faces and feet
turned black from internal bleeding.
The key point to retain from the new research, said Dr. Skehel, is that
“subtle alterations” in infectivity can spawn a major epidemic. He said
that serves up an important lesson about the outbreak of avian influenza
currently under way in Asia which so far appears to have spread to
humans almost exclusively through direct contact with infected birds.
While tens of millions of birds are infected, only 16 people are known
to have died of A(H5N1) influenza.
“Presumably, what's blocking this current flu from spreading
person-to-person is that its hemaglutinin structure has not yet evolved
such that it can efficiently infect humans,” Dr. Skehel said.
Different strains of influenza spread around the world each year, but
usually they are similar to ones that have spread previously. These
strains tend to kill the very young and the frail aged, whose immune
systems are weakest.
But, every so often, a markedly different strain arises, causing a
pandemic. Researchers are convinced that by better understanding the
Spanish flu — a strain that killed young, healthy adults — they will be
better prepared when a new pandemic strain emerges.
There have been three pandemics in the past century: The one of 1918-19,
the Asian influenza in 1957 and the Hong Kong influenza in 1968.
FUTURE victims of the human form of BSE could still be unwittingly
spreading the deadly infection in blood donations, a team of leading
scientists in Scotland claimed today.
The warning by the National CJD Surveillance Centre in Edinburgh follows
an investigation into the death of a 69-year-old man thought to have
contracted variant CJD from a blood transfusion.
When the case – the first of its kind recorded in the world – was
reported late last year it prompted a House of Commons statement by John
Reid, health secretary, and concern from doctors, MPs and the public.
In December, Malcolm Chisholm, health minister, said there was no
conclusive proof Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease could be transmitted through
a blood transfusion but stressed everything was being done to ensure
blood stocks were safe.
He indicated that the Scottish Executive's expert committee on the
safety of blood had been asked to assess the situation while the
Scottish National Blood Transfusion Service was examining the
implications of any impact on stocks.
Scientists at the Edinburgh facility have now said there was only one
chance in 15,000-30,000 the man had not acquired the disease through
Inquiries following the case had identified 48 people who received
blood, plasma or platelets from 15 donors known to have later died from
variant CJD (vCJD). Of these, 15 were still alive. They were being
contacted and urged not to act as blood or organ donors.
But the potential danger from infected blood remained, despite attempts
to render it safe by removing white cells, a process known as
leucodepletion, the scientists maintained.
Led by Professor Robert Will, they wrote in today's edition of The
Lancet medical journal: "Although the epidemic of vCJD presently seems
to be in decline, a proportion of the UK population could be incubating
vCJD and acting as blood donors."
Only one case of a person dying from vCJD after receiving a blood
donation from someone with the disease was known so far.
The man whose death triggered a health scare in December was given five
units of red blood cells while undergoing surgery in 1996. One of the
units had been donated by a 24-year-old individual who developed
symptoms of vCJD three years later and died in 2000.
In late 2002, the recipient became "withdrawn and irritable". Six months
after the onset of symptoms the man was admitted to hospital, and seven
months later he died.
Statistical analysis showed a high probability the man had been infected
by his blood transfusion.
A spokeswoman for the Scottish National Blood Transfusion Service said
last night: "The Scottish Executive health department has asked us to
prepare outline plans which address the implications of deferring
previously transfused donors and these are currently under active