DREAM SNIPPET -
after helping a
dog dig a large hole
out in the
woods that he
could lay in, I was
holding a book
in my hands,
looking at the
last page in the
had the author's
the date 1972 and
films - this had
a picture of a
interpret such a
short piece of
dream that you
can't let go of?
wonders if you
are going in the
If I haven't,
dream of this
again or maybe a
write to me and
give me some
with 1972 -
Dick donated his manuscripts and papers to the Special ...
He referred to the "transcendentally rational mind" as "Zebra",
"God" and, ... The
bear the title of Dick's unfinished novel The Owl in Daylight,
..... a French
based on Dick's
novel Confessions of a Crap Artist. ...
Dick in the novel rather than in the
makes it clear that whilst some ... highly fallible and
– more like anti-heroes in so far that they are no .....
Dick donated his manuscripts and papers to the Special ...
He referred to the "transcendentally rational mind" as "Zebra",
NOTE: The author of the book I had in my hands was not Phillip K.
David Ladd is an actor who appeared in the
A Dog of Flanders in the 1960s. .... crossing;*Zebra
crossing — referred to in the U.S. as a "crosswalk";.
... that aired on American Broadcasting Company from
until 1976. ... The series starred David Janssen as
a San Diego cop forced into ...
[Sidney Sheldon] [John Steinbeck] [HISTORICAL FICTION]
.... Dr. Seuss's
films from around this time were also .... This
was later rendered (with no apparent political content)
as the Wumbus of On Beyond
(1955). .... The Lorax: a
animated television special by Friz Freleng for ...
5th Dimension Greatest Hits On Earth CD (1972)
... KANGAROO JACK, a Jerry Bruckheimer-produced
is a fun-filled, action-packed ... Closed Captioned;
Soundtrack English RACING STRIPES: A cute
foal gets separated from ... turned the world into an
Orwellian wasteland devoid of freedom, privacy,
and choice. ...
Troppo (1976) DVD Alley Cats, The (1965) VHS 'Allo 'Allo!:
Series 1 (1982) DVD ...... Four Times That Night (1972)
DVD (DVD incl. with 5 Dolls for an August Moon) ......
(1968) DVD Ice Storm, The (1997) VHS/DVD ......
Rolls in His Grave (2003) DVD Osama (2003) DVD ...
A reader supplied this link:
Phillip K Dick
topic posted Fri, May 8,
2009 - 1:22 PM by
Here is an article I wrote about the chart of Phillip
K Dick once.
Religion & Beliefs »
Astrological Heroes and villains »
Looking for "non-Orwell zebra films 1972 -orwell"?
Do Androids Dream Electric Sheep?
An Astrological Analysis of the Face Behind
This article first appeared in the Astrological
Association newsletter, more moons ago than I care to
recount. Here, I have tidied it up a little, but
otherwise this does not deviate much from the original.
You can view a copy of the chart here.
It is always fascinating to see the chart of a writer
whose stories have been read and re-read by many, with
great pleasure and interest. Here, I will examine the
natal chart of science-fiction writer, Philip K. Dick. I
shall be looking at this in connection with one or two
of his best-known novels. One of these - Do Androids
Dream Electric Sheep?, was the inspiration for the film,
According to his biography, Divine Invasions, Philip K.
Dick was born at noon, in Chicago on 14.12.1928,
although this is corrected elsewhere to 12.15. He died
at the age of 53, but not before producing a staggering
proliferation of stories, some of which he completed in
one go, working from day into night. It is well known
that he abused many drugs throughout the 60's. His
emotional life was stormy, and he divorced several
times. He is considered by some to have been a literary
The main plot of Do Androids Dream Electric Sheep, is
this. Rick Deckard, the protagonist of the tale, is a
bounty hunter. He is employed to track down and
eliminate renegade humanoid robots who have escaped from
Mars' colonies, and now masquerade as human beings. He
is befriended by a young girl, Rachael Rosen. She turns
out to be an android, whose mission is specifically to
seduce bounty hunters, in order to neutralise them. Once
able to empathise with androids, most bounty hunters are
unable to kill them. (Here, the film deviates from the
hook, by turning the story into a Hollywood romance;
none is intended in Dick's novel, as we shall see).
In fact, the only way to distinguish androids from
humans is through the administration on each suspect of
a series of psychological tests, which look for the
capacity for empathy. However intelligent the androids,
they are unable to empathise, and this is contrasted
with some of earth's inhabitants. Many of these are
brain damaged in this future world because of the
effects of dust from radiation, of a future war. The
dust has killed off most of the animals, so that they
now have a disproportionate value for most humans.
Deckard, in fact, has to make do with a pet electric
sheep, as he cannot afford an authentic one.
Dick in the novel rather than in the film, makes it
clear that whilst some androids may engender our
sympathy, they are evil because they have no soul. Thus,
the readers can easily feel revulsion towards the
androids in the chapter where they pull the legs off a
spider, just to see if the creature can still move
without them. And again, when Rachael kills Deckard's
authentic new pet.
In a typical Dickian manoeuvre, however (many of Dick's
novels are called 'reality games'), Deckard has his own
humanity called into question when one of his own quarry
makes him fear that he too, may be an android. There is
real poignance at the end when Deckard discovers in the
dust-ridden desert, what he believes to be a real toad.
This is only for his wife to show him that it, like his
electric sheep, is a fake.
Brian Aldiss, in Trillion-Year-Spree, suggests that
robots as a fictional device symbolise in modern,
fragmented 20th-Century life, depersonalisation, or the
fear of this. Dick is very clear on this.
In one of his non-fiction essays, 'the Human and the
Android', he explicitly states that 'android' is
synonymous with 'schizoid,' a condition for which Dick
tells us he has no sympathy. He suggests that the state
of depersonalisation is close to being the root of all
evil, because it tempts us to see the organic and
fragile as ultimately replaceable, just like his
electric sheep. That perhaps is why the need to defend
the authentic from the mechanical becomes a personal
crusade forDick's protagonist, Deckard, as the latter
states in the novel; 'as long as the humanoid robot is
there to kill its masters/make love/sing in operas as a
counterfeit, the more my (killing) skills will be
Deckard, like Dick himself, appears to be a champion for
truth and authenticity, qualities that clearly seem to
be somehow under threat in his novel. How are these
themes reflected in Dick's chart?
It comes as no surprise to find a strong Uranian theme
in his natal chart, with that planet rising in Aries in
his 1st House - making an almost irresistible pun
through the title, electric sheep! The Moon and Venus
are in Aquarius. Uranus and Aquarius seem to appear
frequently in the charts of science-fiction writers H.
G. Wells is the first to come to mind with his Moon
rising in Aquarius, Jules Verne, Aquarius Sun Sign, and
Arthur C. Clarke, of 2001 fame, who also has Uranus on
This all makes sense, as science-fiction might be
defined as that branch of literature which speculates on
how the future might turn out, extrapolating on trends
in society already happening. Uranus in astrology is
traditionally about the future, as well as those
discoveries and inventions which might either raise the
consciousness of humanity in readiness for better
things, or which might also, like Prometheus's gift of
fire, be misused by a collective awareness not ready for
it. This latter fear that our creature inventions might
rise up and destroy us, is what Asimov called the
'Frankenstein complex'. Clearly, Dick does not share
Asimov's more sanguine belief in the benefits that more
technology might ultimately bring us.
Frankenstein apart, this is perhaps because it can also
be recognised that Uranian progress and technology can
also have the effect of sundering us from our roots and
connections with nature - or perhaps the fully organic.
In this light, Dick's novels can be seen to anticipate
the world of future shock where everything comes to have
its inbuilt obsolescence and disposability. Thus in
Dick's novel, androids, whilst capable of replacing both
animals and humans, only have a lifespan of four years,
whilst better models are created all the time.
Liz Greene in her book Relating, suggests that the
Uranian principle can not only sunder us from our roots,
but may also 'rip away the fabric of what he (the
individual) has previously identified as his reality,
often in a highly painful way.' Indeed, Dick's novel
could be seen to be about the terror experienced when
reality for his protagonist can be pulled from under his
feet, like the proverbial carpet. This terror is to do
with the threat which comes from the encroaching loss of
authentic being, and depersonalisation, which the
The grimness in Dick, however, cannot simply be
attributed to the uranian theme in his chart. He also
has a 9th House Sun/Mercuryl/Saturn stellium in
Sagittarius, close to his MC.
If we take the Sun to represent the main protagonist -
the hero - of any novel, then it seems to describe Rick
Deckard well enough. Sagittarius is a truth seeker, and
has no time for a counterfeit. Neither is he afraid to
use violent action in order to eliminate the
counterfeit: here, this seems to give him the crusading
spirit, whilst the chart ruler, Mars, on his IC square
Uranus, does not make him afraid to kill. What seems to
make Deckard's heroic quest that much more urgent,
however, is the Sun's proximity to Saturn. The Sun and
Saturn are tradiditionally adversaries, so that the will
to be, the Sun, now has to fight against that is leaden
and entropic in Saturn and many of his stories repeat
the idea of an ever-encroaching kipple of dust.
In fact, most of his main characters are very definitely
highly fallible and non-heroic – more like anti-heroes
in so far that they are no strangers to failure. One of
his books, ’A Scanner – Darkly’ is actually a paeon to
all the contemporaries he knew, who paid for their
desire for fun with drugs in full, with their health and
sanity. It is also worth bearing in mind that Dick’s
life was also, far from easy: he suffered the usual
artist’s dilemma between being true to his own vision
and having to conform to current ideas about what sold.
At various points in his life he suffered dire poverty
and was fond of recounting of the times he was forced to
live on dog food to survive.
It is for this reason that Dick is often seen as a
pessimist. Yet these heroes are given a certain dignity
with Dick, even when their actions seem to be most
futile, as with Deckard, where he is seen to be
scrabbling in the dust which to engulf everything in a
ruined world, for whatever crumbs of authenticity he can
find. In this later novels, such as in the Valis series,
Dick takes this Sagittarian search for some kind of
saving knowledge further, where he seeks God (but with
tongue-in-cheek humour), and flirts with Gnostic ideas.
If Saturn is pitted against the Sun in Dick's chart, so
it also appears to challenge Mercury. Mercury, to a
large degree representing perception, seems for Dick, to
provide only the flimsiest of reality constructs.
Deckard, for instance, is not always free from the fear
that he might not be an android himself. With these
observations in mind, I now want to look at another of
Dick's short stories, in order to demonstrate how this
9th House Mercury-Saturn link appears to underline
Dick's desire to discover an inner truth which might lie
beyond the usual powers of perception.
In The Electric Ant, a man wakes up in hospital, only to
be told that he has been discovered he is not a man, but
a humanoid robot. He is told that instead of a heart,
there is a kind of cassette spool in his chest instead
that programmes his reality for him. Not liking the idea
of this, our hero decides to tamper with this spool. His
tampering achieves a few hallucinations and a period of
nothingness, after which he is brought round along with
a ticking oft, by a mechanic. The second time he tries
this, he succeeds in killing himself along with his
personal secretary. She, like Tinkerbell, only existed -
it turns out- as long as the spool of her boss was
working. This rather Kafka-esque, or Laingian
ontological security, seems to be catching in a lot of
Dick's novels as far as his other characters go.
If Mercury and Saturn are at loggerheads in Dick's
chart, then so does the latter seem to be with Uranus.
Dick in real life is known to have been fairly radical
in his thinking, with little time for Establishment.
Nevertheless, in keeping with Sun and Saturn together at
his MC, powerful father figures will keep emerging in
his novels - father figures who seem to need to be
destroyed if his besieged and puny solar hero figures
are to free themselves.
This process seems to be at work in his novel, The Three
Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch. Palmer Eldritch is an evil
character who succeeds in ensnaring all the main
characters of the story, into a solipsistic loop of
self-deception through his drug, Chew-Z. This is so he
might immortalise himself and become a god at his
victim's expense. He appears again and again through his
stigmata, which, as Palmer Eldritch is a cyborg, include
a steel hand, steel teeth and false eyes, within the
hallucinations of his subjects.
This story especially seems to reflect Dick's interest
in Gnosticism. He seems to have felt himself to be
engaged with an inner struggle against a tyrannical,
demiurgic god-figure, who is derived from earlier
experiences with his father. The Sagittarian stellium in
the 9th with Saturn surely can't speak louder than that,
although Uranus, as a technological monster in Palmer
Eldritch, may yet prove to be the bigger archon. Saturn
and Uranus are both tyrants in mythology -Uranus the
father is castrated by Saturn, who is only to produce in
turn, the equally oppressive system of the
Establishment. Mythologically-minded astrologers suggest
that the potentially violent conflict between these
planets can only be reconciled through the Feminine,
namely through Aphrodite or Venus, who is created out of
Uranus's semen, after his castration. Perhaps the
trouble with this is that Venus here only forms a
sextile with Uranus, but not with Saturn. It is in wide
conjunction with the Moon, and all this seems to do for
Dick is to make the Enemy, the android, seductive:
Deckard, remember, finds it most difficult to kill the
females, especially the attractive ones. In another
non-fiction essay, The Dark-Haired Girl, Dick confesses
to have frequently been drawn to a very streetwise kind
of young woman, who is every bit as cold, detached and
schizoid as his heartless female androids. In fact, in
one of hisnovels, ’We can build you,’ one of his android
characters, Abraham Lincoln’s double, is given a good
deal more sympathetic qualities than the girl who
masterminded his design.
Neither do we now have to look very far for the nature
of the seemingly Uranian nature of the terror, which can
be perceived in Do Androids Dream Electric Sheep. The
depersonalisation of Brian Aldiss's robots seems to be
the same as that of the existential angst to be found in
the characters described in R. D. Laing's books, which
also have a lot to say on the schizoid condition, with
its struggle against encroaching unrealness and the loss
of a sense of personal authenticity. Again, it seems to
be no accident that R. D. Laing's chart also revealed
the presence of Uranus on the Ascendant and an Aquarian
Moon. It may be worth noting here that Dick's natal
chart - judging it without the benefits of a real
working knowledge of either midpoints or harmonics -
does not appear to be an especially well-integrated one.
His Moon, save a wide 135 aspect, is almost unaspected,
and only the Sun of his Sagittarian planets has some
wide aspects from Mars and Neptune.
Perhaps his worlds are so threatened by the evil of his
androids, entropic wastelands and archon figures, just
because he was, at some level, aware of his own android
qualities. Perhaps this is why he emphasises the
importance of our own human capacities to be able to
care for ourselves and for animals. This is why
originally I believed that the time taken from Divine
Invasions was correct, as this gives him a Pisces
ascendant (which also goes a long way to describe Dick
as a drug user), whereas a later one could give him an
Aries Ascendant. Perhaps, however, the sextiles from
Jupiter and Neptune to his Cancer Mars, along with the
trine from Jupiter to his 6th House Neptune, in
themselves provide the necessary balance to his
chillier, Uranian/Saturnine qualities. They also provide
a happier solution to the violence advocated by the Mars
Uranus square - that the ills of this world can be
rectiffied by warmth and kindness.
Whatever conclusions may be drawn from looking at this
chart, it does seem to remain true that Dick was able to
find a voice for all his preoccupations within Ilis
novels, that he had something valid to say to us, both
for now - and for the future.
Sun, May 10, 2009 -
Whatever would I do without astrothemes?
Here is some more blurb on him:
Biography of Philip K. DICK
Philip Kindred Dick (December 16, 1928 – March
2, 1982) was an American writer, mostly known
for his works of science fiction. In addition to
his dozens of published novels, Dick wrote
approximately 121 short stories, many of which
appeared in science fiction magazines. At least
eight of his stories have been adapted for film.
Foreshadowing the cyberpunk sub-genre, Philip K.
Dick brought the anomic world of California to
many of his works, exploring sociological and
political themes in novels which were often
dominated by monopolistic corporations and
authoritarian governments. In his later works,
Dick addressed the nature of drug use, paranoia
and schizophrenia, religious experience and
theology, drawing upon his own life experiences
in novels such as A Scanner Darkly and VALIS.
His novel The Man in the High Castle bridged the
genres of alternative history and science
fiction, earning a Hugo Award for Best Novel in
1963. Flow My Tears, The Policeman Said, a novel
about a celebrity who awakens in a parallel
universe where he is completely unknown, won the
John W. Campbell Memorial Award for best novel
in 1975. "I want to write about people I love,
and put them into a fictional world spun out of
my own mind, not the world we actually have,
because the world we actually have does not meet
my standards," Dick wrote of these stories. "In
my writing I even question the universe; I
wonder out loud if it is real, and I wonder out
loud if all of us are real." Dick spent most of
his career as a writer in near-poverty.
Dick's stories have been adapted into popular
films such as Blade Runner, Total Recall, A
Scanner Darkly, Minority Report, Imposter and
others. In 2007 Dick became the first science
fiction writer to be included in The Library of
America series (#173).
Dick's stories typically focus on the fragile
nature of what is "real" and the construction of
personal identity. His stories often become
surreal fantasies as the main characters slowly
discover that their everyday world is actually
an illusion constructed by powerful external
entities (such as in Ubik ), vast political
conspiracies, or simply from the vicissitudes of
an unreliable narrator.
"All of his work starts with the basic
assumption that there cannot be one, single,
objective reality," writes science fiction
author Charles Platt. "Everything is a matter of
perception. The ground is liable to shift under
your feet. A protagonist may find himself living
out another person's dream, or he may enter a
drug-induced state that actually makes better
sense than the real world, or he may cross into
a different universe completely."
"I used to dig in the garden, and there is
nothing fantastic or ultradimensional about crab
grass... unless you are an sf (science fiction)
writer, in which case you are viewing crab grass
with suspicion. What are its real motives? And
who sent it in the first place?" Philip K Dick,
We can remember it for you wholesale, Notes,
Alternate universes and simulacra were common
plot devices, with fictional worlds inhabited by
common, working people, rather than galactic
elites. "There are no heroes in Dick's books,"
Ursula K. Le Guin wrote, "but there are heroics.
One is reminded of Dickens: what counts is the
honesty, constancy, kindness and patience of
ordinary people." Dick made no secret that much
of his ideas and work were heavily influenced by
the writings of C.G. Jung, the Swiss founder of
the theory of the human psyche he called
"Analytical Psychology" (to distinguish it from
Freud's theory of psychoanalysis). Jung was a
self-taught expert on the unconscious and
mythological foundations of conscious experience
and was open to the Reality underlying mystical
experiences. The Jungian constructs and models
that most concerned Dick seem to be the
archetypes of the collective unconscious, group
projection/ hallucination, synchronicities, and
personality theory. Many of Dick's protagonists
overtly analyze reality and their perceptions in
Jungian terms (see Lies Inc.), while other
times, the themes are so obviously in reference
to Jung their usage needs no explanation. Dick's
self-named "Exegesis" also contained many notes
on Jung in relation to theology and mysticism.
Philip Kindred Dick and his twin sister, Jane
Charlotte Dick, were born six weeks premature to
Dorothy Kindred Dick and Joseph Edgar Dick in
Chicago. Dick's father, a fraud investigator for
the United States Department of Agriculture, had
recently taken out life insurance policies on
the family. An insurance nurse was dispatched to
the Dick household. Upon seeing the malnourished
Philip and injured Jane, the nurse rushed the
babies to hospital. Baby Jane died enroute, just
five weeks after her birth (January 26, 1929).
The death of Philip's twin sister profoundly
affected his writing, relationships, and every
aspect of his life, leading to the recurrent
motif of the "phantom twin" in many of his
The family moved to the San Francisco Bay Area.
When Philip turned five, his father was
transferred to Reno, Nevada. Dorothy refused to
move, and she and Joseph were divorced. Joseph
fought her for custody of Philip but did not win
it. Dorothy, determined to raise Philip alone,
took a job in Washington, D.C. and moved there
with her son.
Philip K. Dick was enrolled at John Eaton
Elementary School from 1936 to 1938, completing
the second through the fourth grades. His lowest
grade was a "C" in written composition, although
a teacher remarked that he "shows interest and
ability in story telling." In June 1938, Dorothy
and Philip returned to California.
Dick attended Berkeley High School, Berkeley,
California. He and Ursula K. Le Guin were
members of the same high school graduating class
(1947), yet were unknown to each other at the
time. After graduating from high school he
briefly attended the University of California,
Berkeley as a German major, but dropped out
before completing any coursework. At Berkeley
Phil befriended poet Robert Duncan. He claimed
to have been host of a classical music program
on KSMO Radio in 1947. From 1948 to 1952 he
worked in a record store. In 1955, Dick and his
wife, Kleo Apostolides, received a visit from
the FBI. They believed this resulted from Kleo's
socialist views and left-wing activities. The
couple briefly befriended one of the FBI agents.
Dick himself regarded Communism as a control
system equivalent to fascism.
Early writing career
Dick sold his first story in 1952. From that
point on he wrote full-time, selling his first
novel in 1955. The 1950s were a difficult
impoverished time for Dick. He once said, "We
couldn't even pay the late fees on a library
He published almost exclusively within the
science fiction genre, but dreamed of a career
in the mainstream of American literature. During
the 1950s he produced a series of nongenre,
non-science fiction novels. In 1960 he wrote
that he was willing to "take twenty to thirty
years to succeed as a literary writer." The
dream of mainstream success formally died in
January 1963 when the Scott Meredith Literary
Agency returned all of his unsold mainstream
novels. Only one of these works, Confessions of
a Crap Artist, was published during Dick’s
Recognition and success
In 1963, Dick won the Hugo Award for The Man in
the High Castle. Although he was hailed as a
genius in the science fiction world, the
mainstream literary world was unappreciative,
and he could publish books only through
low-paying science fiction publishers such as
Ace. Even in his later years, he continued to
have financial troubles.
In the introduction to the 1980 short story
collection "The Golden Man," Dick wrote:
"Several years ago, when I was ill, Heinlein
offered his help, anything he could do, and we
had never met; he would phone me to cheer me up
and see how I was doing. He wanted to buy me an
electric typewriter, God bless him—one of the
few true gentlemen in this world. I don't agree
with any ideas he puts forth in his writing, but
that is neither here nor there. One time when I
owed the IRS a lot of money and couldn't raise
it, Heinlein loaned the money to me. I think a
great deal of him and his wife; I dedicated a
book to them in appreciation. Robert Heinlein is
a fine-looking man, very impressive and very
military in stance; you can tell he has a
military background, even to the haircut. He
knows I'm a flipped-out freak and still he
helped me and my wife when we were in trouble.
That is the best in humanity, there; that is who
and what I love."
In 1972, Dick donated his manuscripts and papers
to the Special Collections Library at California
State University, Fullerton where they are
archived in the Philip K. Dick Science Fiction
Collection in the Pollak Library. It was in
Fullerton that Philip K. Dick befriended science
fiction writers K. W. Jeter, James Blaylock, and
The last novel published during Dick's life was
The Transmigration of Timothy Archer.
Visions and psychological problems
In his boyhood, around the age of thirteen, Dick
had a recurring dream for several weeks. He
dreamt he was in a bookstore, trying to find an
issue of Astounding Magazine. This issue of the
magazine would contain the story titled "The
Empire Never Ended", which would reveal the
secrets of the universe to him. As the dream
recurred, the pile of magazines he searched grew
smaller and smaller, but he never reached the
bottom. Eventually, he became anxious that
discovering the magazine would drive him mad (as
in Lovecraft's Necronomicon or Chambers' The
King in Yellow, promising insanity to the
reader). Shortly thereafter, the dreams ceased,
but the phrase "The Empire Never Ended" would
appear later in his work. Dick was a voracious
reader of religion, philosophy, metaphysics, and
Gnosticism, ideas of which appear in many of his
stories and visions.
On February 20, 1974, Dick was recovering from
the effects of sodium pentothal administered for
the extraction of an impacted wisdom tooth.
Answering the door to receive delivery of extra
analgesic, he noticed that the delivery woman
was wearing a pendant with a symbol that he
called the "vesicle pisces". This name seems to
have been based on his confusion of two related
symbols, the ichthys (two intersecting arcs
delineating a fish in profile) that early
Christians used as a secret symbol, and the
After the deliverywoman's departure, Dick began
experiencing strange visions. Although they may
have been initially attributable to the
medication, after weeks of visions he considered
this explanation implausible. "I experienced an
invasion of my mind by a transcendentally
rational mind, as if I had been insane all my
life and suddenly I had become sane," Dick told
Throughout February and March of 1974, he
received a series of visions, which he referred
to as "two-three-seventy-four" (2-3-74),
shorthand for February-March 1974. He described
the initial visions as laser beams and geometric
patterns, and, occasionally, brief pictures of
Jesus and of ancient Rome. As the visions
increased in length and frequency, Dick claimed
he began to live a double life, one as himself,
"Philip K. Dick", and one as "Thomas", a
Christian persecuted by Romans in the 1st
century A.D. Despite his history of drug use and
elevated stroke risk, Dick began seeking other
rationalist and religious explanations for these
experiences. He referred to the
"transcendentally rational mind" as "Zebra",
"God" and, most often, "VALIS". Dick wrote about
the experiences in the semi-autobiographical
novels Valis and Radio Free Albemuth.
In time, Dick became paranoid, imagining plots
against him by the KGB and FBI. At one point, he
alleged they were responsible for a burglary of
his house, from which documents were stolen. He
later came to suspect that he might have
committed the burglary against himself, and then
forgotten he had done so. This experience is
mirrored in the Bob Arctor-Agent Fred character
in A Scanner Darkly.
Dick himself speculated as to whether he may
have suffered from schizophrenia. Mental illness
was a constant interest of Dick's, and themes of
mental illness permeate his work. The character
Jack Bohlen in the 1964 novel Martian Time-Slip
is an "ex-schizophrenic". The novel Clans of the
Alphane Moon centers on an entire society made
up of descendants of lunatic asylum inmates. In
1965 he wrote the essay titled Schizophrenia and
the Book of Changes.
Drug use was also a theme in many of Dick’s
works, such as A Scanner Darkly and The Three
Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch. Dick was a drug
user for much of his life. According to a 1975
interview in Rolling Stone , Dick wrote all of
his books published before 1970 high on
amphetamines. "A Scanner Darkly was the first
complete novel I had written without speed,"
said Dick in the interview. He also experimented
briefly with psychedelics, but wrote The Three
Stigmata of Palmer Eldritch, which Rolling Stone
dubs “the classic LSD novel of all time,” before
he had ever tried them.
He occasionally wrote under pen names, most
notably Richard Philips and Jack Dowland. The
surname Dowland refers to composer John Dowland,
who is featured in several works. The title Flow
My Tears, The Policeman Said directly refers to
Dowland's best-known composition, Flow My Tears.
In the novel The Divine Invasion, the 'Linda
Fox' character is an intergalactically famous
singer whose entire body of work consists of
remakes of John Dowland compositions. Also, some
protagonists in Dick's short fiction are named 'Dowland'.
The short story "Orpheus with Clay Feet" was
published under the pen name "Jack Dowland". The
protagonist desires to be the muse for fictional
author Jack Dowland, considered the greatest
science fiction author of the 20th century. In
the story, Dowland publishes a short story
titled "Orpheus with Clay Feet", under the pen
name "Philip K. Dick".
In the semi-autobiographical novel VALIS, the
protagonist is named "Horselover Fat"; "Philip",
or "Phil-Hippos", is Greek for "horselover",
while "dick" is German for "fat".
Although he never used it himself, Dick's fans
and critics often refer to him familiarly as "PKD"
(cf. Jorge Luis Borges' "JLB"), and use the
comparative literary adjectives "Dickian" and "Phildickian"
in describing his style and themes (cf.
Marriages and children
Dick married five times, and had two daughters
and a son; each marriage ended in divorce.
May 1948, to Jeanette Marlin (lasted six months)
June 1950, to Kleo Apostolides (divorced 1959)
1959, to Anne Williams Rubinstein (child: Laura
Archer, born February 25, 1960) (divorced 1964)
1966, to Nancy Hackett (child: Isolde, "Isa")
April 18, 1973, to Leslie (Tessa) Busby (child:
Christopher) (divorced 1977)
Philip K. Dick Android in the Nextfest
Exhibition at Navy PierPhilip K. Dick died in
Santa Ana, California, on March 2, 1982. He had
suffered a stroke five days earlier, and was
disconnected from life support after his EEG had
been consistently isoelectric since losing
consciousness. After his death, his father Edgar
took his son's ashes to Fort Morgan, Colorado.
When his twin sister, Jane, died, her tombstone
had both their names carved to it, with an empty
space for Dick's death date. Brother and sister
were eventually buried next to each other.
Dick was "resurrected" by his fans in the form
of a remote-controlled android designed in his
likeness. The android of Philip K. Dick was
impanelled in a San Diego Comic Con presentation
about the film adaptation of the novel, A
Scanner Darkly. In February 2006, an airline
misplaced the android, and it has not yet been
On 8 August 2006, actor Paul Giamatti announced
that his company, Touchy Feely Films, plans to
produce a biopic about Dick, with the permission
of Isa Dick Hackett, PKD's daughter, through her
company Electric Shepherd Productions. Tony
Grisoni, who wrote the screenplays for films
such as Terry Gilliam's Tideland and Fear and
Loathing in Las Vegas, is writing the film scrip
Sun, May 10, 2009 -
...and here's the chart. Atrothemes making
his Ascendant definitely Aries, (do androids
dream elctic sheep) not Pisces.
Love th bit about his android double being
rebuilt. Womder if that dream electic sheep
Recent topics in "Astrological Heroes and
She plays the
elevator operator in Lemmon's workplace who is ... for the
in order to provide an
feel for modern Wall Street that made ..... John Sturges' Ice
Zebra starred Rock Hudson, Ernest Borgnine, .....
Director John Boorman's
classic Deliverance gets a deluxe release ...
opening shot prepares us for this beautifully. .... On the floor
is the head of another black-and-white animal, a
that perhaps provides food .... It's a very
thing. We've lost freedom of choice in this society, ..... I'm
sure "Raw Meat" is not as shocking as it must have seemed in
Dick donated his manuscripts and papers to the Special ... He
referred to the "transcendentally rational mind" as "Zebra",
.... Dick was apprehensive about how his story would be adapted
film; ...... Characterology : Emotive,
Active and Primary type or Emotive,
Active and Secondary type. ...
NOTE: There is a symbolism spoken about in the book, "Valis,"
It is fiction, but based on the author's real experiences of
Horse lover Fat, Saint
knew. ... You could better understand the Pod Baby dream, and my
posting, if you read, 'VALIS," by
Dreams of twins remind me of a symbolism spoken about in the
book, "Valis," by
It is fiction, but based on the author's real experiences of ...
Phillip K Dick
also had a metaphysical message in his novel VALIS about Felix
the Cat - He states: 18. Real time ceased in 70 C.E. with the
It was written by
based on his own spiritual bombardment. Valis stands for "Vast
Active Living Intelligence System," which appears as an ...
The psychic author of many books,
called our reality the "hologramatic universe." I had once
had a dream in which pulsing spheres held in ...
Exegesis from 'Valis' (Vast Acting Living Intelligence System).
P. 231 #17 - The gnostics believed in two temporal ages: The
first or ...
Philip K Dick
writes: But still, we must realize that the universe although
kind to us in its entirety (it must like and accept us, or we
would not be here; ...
suggests this in VALIS, by saying we are going from the Age of
Iron to the Age of Gold. The Kali-Yuga is the Age of Iron in the
NOTE: VALIS is a fictional book written by
based on his real visionary experiences. VALIS means VAST ACTIVE
LIVING INTELLIGENCE SYSTEM. ...
1-8-00 - VISION/VOICES - Joe and I had listened to several
(the author) and other interviews about him and his lifestyle.
is an expert on the symbolic works of
author of. "Valis" and other books. See:
The Other Side - by Paul Rydeen ...
The other was Valis, by
Although it is called fiction, the material came from a
"spiritual bombardment." As usual, this soon tied into the ...
apparently had some real experiences. ...... This dream reminded
me of Valis, by
which was based on real ...
Cruciform crop formations & Dennison's images. 4 horns, 4
smiths, Swastika. Yaldabaoth. Samael. Yahweh. Pangu.
Valentinian gnosticism ...
in his Exegesis. 3/10/80). 2-26-01 - DREAM - I was in a large
city. I had several positions during the dream as it progressed,
from teacher ...
|ICE STATION ZEBRA
Zebra by Alistair MacLean - book cover, description, ...
Station Zebra (Large Print Edition) ... January
Ice Station Zebra, book author.
Fear Is the Key, book author ... homage to) MacLean's
Zebra in his Raise the Titanic! and MacLean's ...
Alistair Stuart MacLean (28 April 1922 - 2 February 1987;
Scottish Gaelic: Alasdair
MacGill-Eain) was a
novelist who wrote successful
thrillers or adventure stories, the best known of which are
The Guns of Navarone and
Where Eagles Dare, both having been made into successful
films. He also wrote two novels under the pseudonym Ian Stuart.
MacLean was the son of a
minister, and learned
English as his second language after his mother tongue,
Scottish Gaelic. He was born in
Glasgow but spent much of his childhood and youth in
Daviot, ten miles south of
He joined the
Royal Navy in 1941, serving in
World War II with the ranks of
Able Seaman, and
Leading Torpedo Operator. He was first assigned to PS
Bournemouth Queen, a converted excursion ship fitting for
anti-aircraft guns, on duty off the coasts of England and
Scotland. From 1943, he served on
HMS Royalist, a
Dido-class light cruiser. On Royalist he saw action in 1943 in
Atlantic theatre, on two
Arctic convoys and escorting carrier groups in operations
Tirpitz and other targets off the Norwegian coast; in 1944 in
Mediterranean theatre, as part of the
invasion of southern France and in helping to sink blockade
Aegean Sea (during this time MacLean may have been injured in
a gunnery practice accident); and in 1945, in the
Far East theatre, escorting carrier groups in operations
Japanese targets in
Sumatra. (MacLean's late-in-life claims that he was captured
by the Japanese and tortured have been dismissed by both his son
and his biographer as drunken ravings. [Webster p. 191]) After the
Japanese surrender, Royalist helped evacuate liberated
Changi Prison in
MacLean was released from the Royal Navy in 1946. He then
studied English at the
University of Glasgow, graduating in 1953, and then worked as
a school teacher in
While a university student, MacLean began writing
short stories for extra income, winning a competition in 1954
with the maritime story "Dileas". The publishing company
Collins asked him for a novel and he responded with
HMS Ulysses, based on his own war experiences, as well as
credited insight from his brother Ian, a
Master Mariner. The novel was a great success and MacLean was
soon able to devote himself entirely to writing war stories, spy
stories and other adventures.
In the early 1960s, MacLean published two novels under the
pseudonym "Ian Stuart" in order to prove that the popularity of
his books was due to their content rather than his name on the
cover. They sold well, but MacLean made no attempt to change his
writing style and his fans may easily have recognized him behind
the Scottish pseudonym. MacLean's books eventually sold so well
that he moved to
Switzerland as a
tax exile. From 1963–1966, he took a hiatus from writing to
run a hotel business in England.
MacLean's later books were not as well received as the
earlier ones and, in an attempt to keep his stories in keeping
with the time, he sometimes lapsed into overly improbable plots.
He also struggled constantly with alcoholism, which eventually
brought about his death in
Munich in 1987. He is buried a few yards from
Richard Burton in
Céligny, Switzerland. He was married twice and had three sons
with his first wife.
MacLean was awarded a
Doctor of Letters by the
University of Glasgow in 1983.
Style of writing
Compared to other thriller writers of the time, such as
Ian Fleming, MacLean's books are exceptional in one way at
least: they have an absence of sex and most are short on romance
because MacLean thought that such diversions merely serve to slow
down the action. Nor do the MacLean books resemble the more recent
techno-thriller approach. Instead, he lets little hinder the
flow of events in his books, making his heroes fight against
seemingly unbeatable odds and often pushing them to the limits of
their physical and mental endurance. MacLean's heroes are usually
calm, cynical men entirely devoted to their work and often
carrying some kind of secret knowledge. A characteristic twist is
that one of the hero's closest companions turns out a traitor.
Nature, especially the sea and the Arctic north, plays an
important part in MacLean's stories, and he used a variety of
exotic parts of the world as settings to his books. Only one of
them, When Eight Bells Toll, is set in his native Scotland.
MacLean's best books are often those in which he was able to make
use of his own direct knowledge of warfare and seafare, such as
HMS Ulysses which is now considered a classic of naval fiction.
Stylistically, MacLean's novels can be broken down into four
- HMS Ulysses through to The Last Frontier. These featured
third-person narratives and a somewhat epic tone, and were
mostly set during World War II. The Last Frontier contained
overt philosophical and moral themes that were not well
received. MacLean then switched gears to —
- Night Without End through to Ice Station Zebra. These all
first person (and sometimes
unreliable) narration laced with a dry, sardonic,
self-depreciating humour, and were all set in contemporary
times. These are MacLean's most intensely plotted tales,
masterfully blending thriller and detective elements. MacLean
then retired from writing for three years, returning with —
- When Eight Bells Toll through to Bear Island, a varied
collection that still maintained a generally high quality, with
some books harking back to each of the first two periods but
usually taking a more cinematic approach (not surprising since
he began writing screenplays during this time).
- The Way to Dusty Death to the end. There were no more
first-person stories, and his prose is thought to have often
sagged, with excessive dialogue, lazily described scenes, and
under-developed characters. All the books sold reasonably well,
but MacLean never regained his classic form.
Certain themes are repeated in virtually all of MacLean's
novels. For example, they typically feature a male character who
is depicted as physically and morally indestructible (for
instance, Carrington in HMS Ulysses; Andrea in The Guns of
Navarone); such characters are also often described as having an
almost inhuman tolerance for alcohol consumption (for instance,
the Count in The Last Frontier; Jablonsky in Fear is the Key).
Other minor traits or actions also turn up in every book, such as
the cliche of characters shaking their heads in order to come to
their senses after receiving a blow to the head. "Mediterranean"
or Latin American characters are almost always depicted as
criminals (as with Gregori in The Satan Bug, Miguel and Tony
Carreras in The Golden Rendezvous, and so forth).
Altogether, MacLean published 28 novels and a collection of
short stories, as well as books about
T. E. Lawrence and
MacLean also wrote screenplays, some of them based on his
novels and others later novelized by other writers. Around 1980,
he was commissioned by an American movie production company to
write a series of story outlines to be subsequently produced as
movies. He invented the fictitious United Nations Anti-Crime
and the books were later completed by others. Among these are
Hostage Tower by John Denis and Death Train by Alastair MacNeill.
Some of these works bear little resemblance to MacLean's style,
especially in their use of gratuitous sex and violence.
Many of MacLean's novels were made into films, but none
completely captured the level of detail and the intensity of his
writing style as exemplified in classics such as Fear is the Key;
the two most artistically and commercially successful film
The Guns of Navarone and
Where Eagles Dare.
After his death, the popularity of his work saw a decline,
and, according to Amazon.com, as of 2006 none of his novels are in
print in the U.S. However, most are currently still in print in
paperback in the UK.
List of works
A collection of MacLean's fiction works from 1955 to
1971, published by Heron Books (London) in the mid-1970s
UNACO books by other authors
||by John Denis
||Air Force One is Down
||by John Denis
||by Alastair MacNeill
||by Alastair MacNeill
||by Alastair MacNeill
||Time of the Assassins
||by Alastair MacNeill
||by Alastair MacNeill
||by Alastair MacNeill
||by Alastair MacNeill
||by Hugh Miller
||by Hugh Miller
Golden Girl Series by other authors
||by Simon Gandolfi
||by Simon Gandolfi
||by Simon Gandolfi
Movies with Screenplay Contribution
Notes on the books
- Force 10 from Navarone, MacLean's only sequel, picks up
from where the film version of The Guns of Navarone leaves off,
not his original novel. The book anticipates the much lighter
works of MacLean's later years, and seems to be more of a
tossed-off "pastiche" of his other works, occasionally
descending into nearly farcical humour.
- MacLean's only other use of inter-novel
continuity is a police character from Puppet on a Chain
reappearing in Floodgate.
- MacLean wrote the novel and screenplay of Where Eagles
Dare at the same time. In effect it was commissioned by
Richard Burton, who wanted to make a "boy's own" type
adventure film that he could take his son to see. The book and
screenplay differ markedly in that, in the book, Smith and
Schaffer at times go out of their way not to kill anyone,
whereas in the film they basically shoot anything that moves. In
fact, the film contains
Clint Eastwood's highest on-screen body count. Also, in the
book, Schaffer is considerably more talkative than Eastwood's
- Where Eagles Dare and Guns of Navarone have similar
plots; the "MacLean Formula" used in both is as follows:
impregnable fortress which requires a commando team to be sent
in; one of the team is not what he/she seems; betrayal in a
public place; barricade a door for the getaway; mountain
climbing; escape by jumping into water; good guys win.
Amazingly, all these contrivances seem to work quite well.
- There have been reports of a "lost" MacLean novel titled
Snow on the Ben, but it appears to be by a different Ian Stuart
- MacLean's chief female characters are frequently named
Mary, or a variation thereupon (Marie, Maria). They are usually
described as intelligent, whether they are professionals like
the hero or not. Some are exceptionally adept at the spy game;
more come through strongly despite a lack of experience. A few
seem puzzlingly incapable. MacLean's characterization of these
is a key, although subtle, plot point.
- A number of MacLean's chief male characters are named
John. In a few of his mid-period books, his male protagonists
have "savagely scarred" faces that they believe render them
unattractive to women; they are usually proven wrong by book's
- The lead female character dies in a few of the early to
mid period books. The male lead protagonist always survives and
is successful in countering the odds.
- His villains become more stereotypical and
self-referential over time, usually featuring a coldly competent
and ruthless mastermind paired with a hulking, brutishly
- Exceptions to the little-romance rule include one novel
where the protagonist is rewarded for his labors by winning the
love of the beautiful daughter of a millionaire, and conversely
another which ends with its protagonist committing murder to
avenge the death of his beloved. In other books, the romantic
angle is in the past, as the hero's wife has been killed in a
road accident by a "drunken driver".
- In several books (most notably the Navarone books,
Partisans, Circus) MacLean gives his usual cynical hero two
assistants: a smaller man who is highly gifted with one
particular weapon (knives, explosives), and a very large,
immensely strong man who has intelligence equal to the
protagonist, smokes foul-smelling cigars or cigarettes, and is
often the hero's best friend.
- MacLean was known to reuse plot devices,
characterizations, and even specific phrases. For example, the
description "huddled shapelessness of the dead" occurs in some
form in several stories.
plagiarized (or paid
homage to) MacLean's Ice Station Zebra in his Raise the
Titanic! and MacLean's The Secret Ways in his The Mediterranean
Caper. Fans of other thriller authors, such as
Dale Brown, and
Tom Clancy, will find plenty of foreshadowings of their
favorite authors' work in MacLean's own novels.
- The cover of Alistair MacLean novel features in the
Bollywood classic film
Aradhana, during the scene of the classic song "Mere
Sapno Ki Rani"
Ice Station Zebra
Ice Station Zebra (ISBN
0-00-616141-3) is a
Alistair MacLean. This was the last of MacLean's classic
first person narratives which began with
Night Without End, and represented a return to that earlier
Arctic setting. After completing this novel, whose plotline
parallels real-life events during the
Cold War, MacLean retired from writing for three years. In
1968 it was adapted into a
film of the same name.
Drift Ice Station Zebra, a
meteorological station built on an
ice floe in the
Arctic Sea, has suffered a catastrophic oil fire; men
have died and shelter and supplies have been destroyed.
The survivors are holed up in one hut with little food and
heat. If help does not reach them, they will quickly die.
submarine USS Dolphin is dispatched on a rescue
mission. Just before it departs, the mysterious Dr.
Carpenter, the narrator, is sent to accompany it.
Carpenter claims that he is necessary as an expert in
frostbite and other deep-cold medical conditions.
At first, the submarine's Captain Swanson is
suspicious of Carpenter, even though he receives an order
Chief of Naval Operations of the
US Navy instructing him to obey Carpenter's every
command except where crew safety is at stake. Swanson
tells Carpenter he is still inclined to refuse. Carpenter
is thus forced to reveal that this is not simply a rescue
mission; the station is actually a highly-equipped
listening post, keeping watch for nuclear missile launches
Soviet Union. Hearing this, Swanson allows Carpenter
to come along.
Soon the Dolphin is under the Arctic ice pack,
searching for a place to surface and attempt to contact
Zebra, whose radio signals are becoming weaker by the
hour. Eventually finding a place where the ice is thin
enough to break through, the Dolphin establishes tenuous
radio contact, and gets a bearing on their position. But
Zebra is too far away to attempt to reach on foot, so the
submarine re-submerges, hoping to get closer. Carpenter
confides to the Captain that the commander of the station
is his brother.
After a tense, desperate search, the Dolphin finds
open water and surfaces just five miles from the station.
Executive Officer Hansen, and two crewmen make the
perilous journey through an Arctic storm on foot, taking
with them as many supplies as they can. Zabrinski, one of
the crewmen, breaks his ankle on the way. After a
harrowing trek they reach Zebra. Devastation awaits them.
Three of the eight huts and almost all supplies have been
destroyed by a widespread oil fire. Eight men are dead -
burnt to a crisp. Eleven men are alive, but barely. While
the victims are being tended to, Carpenter does some
investigating on his own.
Unable to make radio contact, Carpenter and Hansen
leave Zabrinski and the other crewman to attend to the
survivors. After nearly getting lost in the terrible storm
of blowing ice, Carpenter and Hansen finally return to the
Dolphin, bearing news of their findings, as well as the
relatively thin ice nearer to Zebra. Dolphin submerges and
heads for Zebra. The ice there is still too thick to break
with the sub's sail, so Swanson decides to blow a hole in
the ice with a
torpedo. Unbeknownst to him, someone had tampered with
the wiring of the indicators which indicated the
open/close status of the outer tube doors. When the crew
attempts to load a torpedo into one of the tubes, a
torrent of water rushes through the inner door, killing an
officer and sending Dolphin into a nearly catastrophic
fall. Only by heroic measures is Dolphin able to save
After successfully breaking through the ice with a
torpedo, fired from an un-sabotaged tube, Dolphin finally
emerges just two hundred feet from Zebra. The sick men are
treated, but some of them are still too ill to be carried
to the sub. Carpenter does some more investigating. He
finds that the fire at Zebra was no accident; it was a
cover to hide that three of the dead men, one of whom was
his brother, were murdered. Carpenter already knows why;
the only question is who? Swanson also has a look around
and finds no trace of the sophisticated listening
equipment Carpenter had claimed was Zebra's purpose —
Carpenter had lied again. Meanwhile, Carpenter found a
loaded gun in the petrol tank of a tractor, where the
petrol would keep it from freezing, as well as food,
batteries and a powerful radio hidden in the hut being
used as a morgue.
Finally the survivors are all brought aboard, Zebra
is abandoned, and Dolphin heads back, but not without
several further incidents. The ship's doctor is knocked
coma. Carpenter himself is severely hurt in another
apparent accident. Then a fire breaks out in the engine
room and the sub is forced to shut down its
nuclear reactor. Without power for air purification or
heating, Dolphin looks set to become a frozen tomb trapped
under the ice pack. Only the ingenuity of Commander
Swanson and the dedication of the crew saves the ship.
Carpenter announces that the fire was no accident.
He reveals to the Captain that he is an
MI6 officer. Carpenter's real mission is to retrieve
film from a
reconnaissance satellite (see
Corona) that has photographed every
nuclear weapons installation in the U.S. The film,
ejected from the satellite, had landed near Zebra.
Carpenter's brother had been meant to retrieve it, but
Russian agents killed him. The two Russian agents are
amongst the survivors from Zebra. Carpenter finally
reveals their motives, methods, and the men. The film is
now in American hands, and the agents on their way to the
Dr. Benson, the ship's doctor, is assigned by
Commander Swanson to show Dr. Carpenter around the
Dolphin. Introducing Carpenter to the head cook of the
ship, Benson refers to him as "my arch enemy," for he
perpetually subverts Benson's lectures on healthy eating
with hearty, tasty, and plentiful food.
While preparing to fire a torpedo at the ice cap,
Hansen orders a crewman to check if there is water in the
torpedo tube. Opening the test cock, he checks and reports
to Hansen, "Clean as a whistle and dry as a bone." Hansen
says resignedly to Dr. Carpenter, "That's not the way he
Background and origin
The novel was influenced by the heightened
atmosphere of the
Cold War, with its escalating series of international
crises such as the
West Berlin; unrest in
Latin America; and the
Cuban missile crisis.
The novel exploits contemporary fascination with the
under-the-ice exploits of such American
nuclear-powered submarines as
Seadragon. MacLean may have been anticipating the
excitement of his British readers regarding the upcoming
commissioning of the
HMS Dreadnought, the
Royal Navy's first nuclear submarine. Also, MacLean
may have been influenced by press reports about the
USS Skate visiting Ice Station Alpha, located on Ice
Island T-3 in the
1958, as part of the
International Geophysical Year (IGY)..
It should be noted that, at the time that the novel was
published, under-the-ice operations by U.S. Navy
nuclear-powered submarines were prohibited until
SUBSAFE measures had been implementated following the
loss of the
Ice Station Zebra also uses the accelerating
Space Race between the United States and the Soviet
Union as the backdrop for the novel, and may have been
directly inspired by news accounts from April 17, 1959,
about a missing experimental
Corona satellite capsule (Discoverer
ll) that inadvertently landed near
Spitsbergen on April 13 and may have been recovered by
In 2006 the National Reconnaissance Office declassified
information stating that "an individual formerly
possessing CORONA access was the technical advisor to the
movie" and admitted "the resemblance of the loss of the
DISCOVERER II capsule, and its probable recovery by the
Soviets" on Spitsbergen Island, to the book by Alistair
Finally, MacLean even mentions the newly-operational
icebreaker Lenin by involving the ship in an aborted
attempt to reach the survivors at Drift Ice Station Zebra.
The novel was later very loosely adapted into the
film of the same name starring
Rock Hudson. The most obvious changes involved the
names of the novel's characters:
- The nuclear submarine Dolphin became the USS
- The British spy Dr. Carpenter was renamed David
Jones, portrayed by
- Commander Swanson was changed to Commander
Ferraday, portrayed by Hudson.
Additional characters were added, including a
platoon trained in Arctic warfare:
Much of the novel's characterization involving the
submarine's crew found was jettisoned in favor of these
new cinematic creations. Also all characters from the Ice
Station Zebra in novel were removed. They were claimed to
have died in the fire, notably two main villains who had
caused the fire in the first place. Also removed were all
references to Dr. Carpenter's brother.
Beyond the name change, the film's submarine has a
design similar to the first nuclear-powered submarine, the
Nautilus, rather than the more streamlined,
teardrop-shaped vessel, either the contemporaneous
Permit design, that was described in the novel. In the
movie, the fire on the drift Ice Station was explained
away as accidental.
Unlike the film, the novel shows little overt
Soviet interest in recovering the lost spy satellite
other than a spy ship disguised as a
fishing trawler waiting outside
Holy Loch when the Tigerfish sets sail. The novel's
climax of a fire onboard the submarine is replaced with
the nearly fatal flooding of the forward torpedo room
prior to the film's
intermission. The film's new climax involves a
superpower confrontation between
paratroopers and the American marines at Ice Station
Zebra itself, but concludes on a much more ambiguous note
than the novel, reflecting the perceived thaw in the Cold
War following the
Cuban Missile Crisis.
The novel is referenced in "The
Leadership Breakfast," the eleventh episode of the
second season of
The West Wing. In the opening scene, Josh and Sam are
trying to make a fire in the Mural Room fireplace because
the building's heat isn't working. As he's piling wood
into the fireplace, Josh says, "It's like Ice Station
Zebra in here."
The novel is parodied in the
Sealab 2021 third season episode, "Frozen Dinner." The
Sealab crew must rescue scientists aboard Ice Station
Zebra, a research station on top of an ice flow. The ice
flow has turned upside down and trapped the two men, while
the Sealab crew tries to rescue them in a submarine. While
the scientists immediately turn to cannibalism, the Sealab
sub (led by a German crew resembling that from
Das Boot) predictably fumbles the rescue.
Williams. Submarines Under Ice, p. 133 - 141
Polmar and Moore. Cold War Submarines, p. 156
Chronology of Spy Satellites @ Totse.com
Taubman, Secret Empire, p. 287.
- Norman Polmar and K.J. Moore. Cold War
Submarines: The Design and Construction of U.S. and
Soviet Submarines (Washington, DC: Potomac Books, Inc.,
- Phil Taubman. Secret Empire: Eisenhower, the CIA,
and the Hidden Story of America’s Space Espionage (New
York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 2003)
- Marion D. Williams. Submarines Under Ice: The
U.S. Navy's Polar Operations (Annapolis, Maryland:
Naval Institute Press, 1998)
Please give credit for these images to:
NASA - Goddard Space Flight Center
Scientific Visualization Studio
SVS Director: Dr. Horace
SVS Contact Person: Alex Kekesi
Web Curator: Lori Perkins
||vostok 4 - info
||3/1/01 2:20:50 AM Pacific Standard Time
|From: (Harry Mason)
I quote from there :-
"The evidence is a huge
magnetic anomaly on the east coast of the lake's shoreline. As the
first SOAR flight crossed over to the lake's east side, the
magnetometer dial swung suddenly. The readings changed almost 1,000
nanotesla from the normal 60,000 nanoteslas around Vostok. A tesla is
the standard measure of magnetism. Studinger typically finds anomalies
of 500-to-600 nanotesla in places where volcanic material has poured
out of the ground
"When we first saw this huge
magnetic anomaly, that was very exciting," Studinger said.
Usually magnetic anomalies
are much smaller and it takes some effort to distinguish the anomaly
from normal daily changes in the magnetic field. In this case there
was no confusion.
"This anomaly is so big that
it can't be caused by a daily change in the magnetic field," Studinger
The anomaly was big in
another way, encompassing the entire Southeast corner of the lake,
about (65 b 46 miles) 105 km by 75 km. The size and extremity of the
magnetic anomaly indicated the geological structure changes beneath
the lake, and Studinger guessed it might be a region where the earth's
crust is thinner.
To create the type of
topography found at Lake Vostok, the earth's crust was probably
stretched, thinning one to three percent as it pulled taut, Studinger
I deal with interpreteting aeromagnetic imagery daily in my
mineral exploration work here in OZ. The huge size and intensity of
the above mentioned magnetic anomaly strongly suggests a very large
ultrabasic complex is present below this section of lake Vostok in the
continental crustal rock surface ie at the old land surface -pre ice
level. This would fit with the apparently tensional pull-apart
rifted tectonic style of the lake geo-environment and would probably
represent a major mantle derrived plume of ultrabasic intrusives along
the lines of Prof Careys Expanding Earth diapirs - this fits the
stretched crust model noted by Studinger above. As such it would
also fit Prof. Gold's hypothesis that there is a substantial -
possibly world climate dangerous amount if released - volume of
methane (as hydrate at the expected temperatures ???) plus oil and
other exotic gas (He, X, etc) component to the hot water lake -
sourced from the Mantle-Core along the upwelling structural
plumbing. The reported "ice boils" could easily be composed of gaseous
plumes frozen into the ice - arrested as it were in their upwards
progress - initially as hotwater gas mixtures but cooled by the
surrounding ice until their water content froze and they could no
longer melt (ie. rise) through the ice above them. As such these ice
boils could represent fascinating analogies with granite intrusive
plumes in mountain belts - both "boils" rise due to their heat melting
above rock (ice) layers whiulst their lower density relative to
enclosing rocks causes a gravity gradient and drives their upward
motion until they crystalise (freeze).
The ice "dunes" look like flat ice folded under stress - also
analagous to folds in sediments in mountain belts around the planet -
possibly due to gravity sliding away from the upwelling diapir of lake
Re the two women sking across the ice shelf scenario - they were
interviewed on Australian ABC news a few days ago after being dropped
off at an Australian Antarctic base by the US "rescue" team. I saw
this news segment. They stated they personally requested airlift as
their progress had been slower than anticipated and they were in
danger from rapidly advancing winter storms. Once these hit you are
isolated from air or ground rescue for months. They appeared quite
relaxed but wistful about their need for rescue - did not appear "got
at" but who knows ??? I have previously seen the most outrageous lies
propagated by our ABC TV News over the AUM sect and Banjawarn Station
Sarin Nerve gas stories. My personal field research interviewed the
Banjawarn Station people (indigenous and white) and uncovered a huge
series of lies aired knowingly by the ABC - so who knows on this
Antarctic scenario ???
Also just read your Atlantis TV story URL's - are they
describing real events - or just make believe - if real then it
certainly looks like a major cover up is in progress on a recovery
mission of some sort down there at "Ice Station Zebra" !!!!!!!! The
mind boggles as to what is really going on - perhaps the lid almost
got blown on early Mars Lander tests that actuallly got up there in
the 1960's - a la Alternative 3 !!!!
Looking forward to more info on your site as this one unfolds
ADDITIONAL CORRESPONDENCES BELOW:
Dear Duncan and David Kingston,
A friend has found NASA Press Release 01-24 from Feb
21-2001 which I copy
Dear Duncan, and David Kingston,
Just another point about the "Space Mapping
Mission of Antarctica Aborted Due to NSA Over-Ride" story.
The letter states that
"The linked photo at the end was
released by NASA in Jan 2001 seemingly by mistake. It is no longer
available from the official archive" !!!
Yet take a look at this reproduction of an
official NASA web site of the EXACT SAME radarsat image and the
attached section (58.1Kb jpg) image I just cut out today
(1-03-2001 - 2.00pm) from the Vostock High Resolution Bird's Eye
View Tif (3.8Mb) that I downloaded from
Further a close inspection reveals a road
running diagonally from SW to NE across the lake (smoothed out on
Anons original jpg - but just visible there also) that originates
at a camp site in the SW corner of the lake with a NNW trending
"airstrip" ??? The road continues NE off of the field of the
image. I suspect that the image provided by anon has incorrectly
labelled the SW airstrip and camp as the "Magnetic Anomaly" and
has most certainly placed Vostok Station (Russia) with an arrow
pointing where there is nothing but Ice. Incidentally elsewhere in
NASA literature Vostok Station is said to be situated at the
southern end of the lake and if NASA followed convention with it's
image orientation then Vostok Station is where the airstrip-camp
site show in the SW part of the lake. In otherwords who ever wrote
up the story line did NOT know much about the correct location of
things around lake vostok.
Also the Russians have drilled down 3600 metres
since the lake discovery in the 1970's (to some 400 metres ???
above the liquid lake surface) with preserved ice cores being sent
to Montana State University a few years ago. These have been
analysed and they found various gases locked up in the ice
Due to the above errors about the so called
missing (removed) image and the location of sites around Lake
Vostok I am inclined to place a very large red flag against this
anon post. Do you have any corroborative data for the original
premise of NSA Over-Ride and the removal from stage of Debra
Sent: Thursday, 22 February 2001 0:10
Subject: SPACE MAPPING MISSION CATCHES ANTARCTICA IN MOTION
David E. Steitz
Headquarters, Washington, DC February 21, 2001
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA
SPACE MAPPING MISSION CATCHES ANTARCTICA IN MOTION
Antarctica may appear to be a land frozen in time, but it
certainly is not still. Glaciers plow down the continent's
center to the sea, icebergs snap off and crash into the ocean, and
great rivers of ice snake through the ice sheet, evidence of a
dynamic relationship between this remote continent and global
A joint NASA and Canadian Space Agency mission now provides a more
comprehensive view of how the Antarctic ice sheet moves and changes
and may help answer some fundamental questions about this mysterious
place at the end of the world, including whether the ice sheet is
advancing or retreating.
The initial mapping campaign, the 1997 Antarctic Mapping Mission,
resulted in the first high-resolution radar satellite map of the
continent. The second phase, the Modified Antarctic Mapping Mission,
completed last November, once again charted Antarctica with
space-based imaging radar. This second mission gives scientists a
way to see how the continent has changed over the past three years
as well as a wealth of new information on the movement of the most
active region, the outer half of the ice sheet.
"The 1997 map became a benchmark for studying changes on the
continent and also revealed fascinating features, including enormous
ice streams in East Antarctica, that we had never seen before. We
expect to find even more surprises from this second, even more
detailed map that will help us unravel some of the mysteries behind
how our global environment behaves," said Dr. Ghassem Asrar,
Associate Administrator for NASA's Office of Earth Sciences,
For the new mission, the Canadian Space Agency's RADARSAT-1
satellite trained its imaging radar on the outer half of the
continent twice during each of three consecutive 24-day periods,
ending last Nov. 14. "The mission was a
challenge for us because we had to accurately navigate the satellite
to within a few hundred meters of its nominal track on each orbit,"
said Rolf Mamen, Director General of Space Operations at the
Canadian Space Agency.
Precise navigation and data from the six passes make it possible to
create detailed topographic maps and to measure
the speed of the moving glaciers. "Most of the Antarctic ice sheet
moves imperceptibly slowly but nevertheless surely," says science
team member Dr. Frank Carsey of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory,
"This mission gives us an overall snapshot of how the ice moves and
how it is changing. By measuring the extent and
velocity of the moving ice and estimating its thickness, we can
estimate how much ice may be lost into the ocean from
Earth's largest storehouse of freshwater," Carsey added. "These
calculations are important for understanding
Antarctica's contribution to the present rate of sea-level rise of
about two millimeters, or the thickness of a dime, a
Mission scientists are now developing velocity maps showing the
direction and speed of the ice. They have already created the
first-ever complete velocity maps of the spectacular Lambert
Glacier, a sinuous ice stream more than 500 kilometers (311 miles)
long, which reaches speeds of more than one kilometer (about
two-thirds mile) a year once the ice spreads onto the Amery Ice
They are also beginning to create a new map of Antarctica to compare
with the one made in 1997. The process of turning the radar images
into map-quality mosaics will take about a year to complete.
"We already can see several glaciers along the Antarctic Peninsula
coastline where the ice edge has retreated over 30 kilometers (18.6
miles) in just three years. But this is not the whole story. We also
see places where the ice sheet is advancing, such as the Amery Ice
Shelf. The Antarctic Ice Sheet is huge, and this is the first time
we have the data to study and compare ice sheet behavior around the
entire continent," says mission principal investigator Dr. Kenneth
Jezek, of Ohio State University's Byrd Polar Research Center. "These
data will help us determine whether the local changes we see
represent expected, episodic behavior or whether they represent
regional trends driven by changing climate. "
More information on the mission is available on the Internet
Images associated with this release are available at:
* * *
NASA press releases and other information are available
by sending an Internet electronic mail message to
In the body of the message (not the subject line) users should type
the words "subscribe press-release" (no quotes). The system will
reply with a confirmation via E-mail of each subscription. A second
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NASA releases also are available via CompuServe using the command
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firstname.lastname@example.org, leave the subject blank,
and type only
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----- Original Message -----
Sent: Wednesday, February 28, 2001 12:42 AM
Subject: Fascinating Info Re Lake Vostock
----- Original Message -----
From: Nexus Magazine-UK
Sent: Monday, February 26, 2001 3:21 PM
Subject: NSA OVER-RIDE
EDITOR DISCLAIMER: yet unable to confirm
authenticity of JPL source
2/24/01 6:23:56 PM Pacific Standard Time
This was sent to me. Where it came from I don't know yet. ANON
David E. Steitz
Headquarters, Washington, DC
February 21, 2001
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA
SPACE MAPPING MISSION OF ANTARCTICA ABORTED DUE TO NSA OVER-RIDE
In a brief announcment today, NASA and the JPL terminated all
further study of Lake Vostok in S. Antarctica. In an apparent slip
of confidentiality, spokeswoman Debra Shingteller alluded to
"National Security Issues" allowing the NSA to assume full control
of what had been an International effort to explore a huge,
under-ice lake near the Russian Vostok research station. Ms.
Shingteller was immediately led away from the podium, and an aid
responded to the many further questions with the same answer: "the
project has been halted due to environmental issues", and that no
further releases were pending. The large crowd of press corp. were
left clamoring as the officials left the stage. Ms. Shingteller
has not responded to repeated attempts at contact.
The above is a report from an official JPL PR rep. who attended
the announcement. The following is part of a letter written to an
editor of Scientific American Magazine (who has requested
anonimity). The linked photo at the end was released by NASA in
Jan 2001 seemingly by mistake. It is no longer available from the
Approximately 300 miles from the South Pole there is a lake, a
very large lake. It is Lake Vostok. It is also located over 3/4
mile beneath the Continental Ice Sheet. The best photos of Lk
Vostok are from space, where the outline is clearly visible.
Current ice-penetrating radar studies indicate that the water is
up to 2000 ft deep in places, and has an over-arching dome up to
1/2 mile high. Estimates for filtered light at the lake surface
indicate something like "continuous first morning light" during
Antarctica's summer months. Thermograph imaging proposes an
amazing 50-degree average water temperature with "hot spots" near
65 degrees. This can only be attributed to subsurface geothermal
heat sources. At 300 miles long, and 50 miles wide, the
encapsulated atmosphere should have the ability to cleanse itself
through interaction with the lake, and possibly... plant life.
Also proposed as a possible route for atmospheric
interaction with the lake's environment are what are being labeled
"geothermal boils". These are thousands of bubbles in the ice
sheet located in the some 200 sq. miles of "ice dunes" discovered
by the late Russian scientist Ivan Toskovoi who was stationed at
Vostok research base until his disappearance in March 2000. The
surveyed bubbles range from a few to several hundred feet in
Quite possibly just as exciting as all of the data related so far,
is the discovery through Magnetic Imaging that there is an
extremely powerful source of magnetic energy located at the North
end of the lake's shoreline. As of this writing, no one has
suggested an explanation for the magnetic "anomaly".
As recently as February 2000, at least two international teams
were planning separate probes of the lake. Both consisted of
fairly similar robotic sensors that would have been lowered
through shafts(to be drilled). The team based at Cambridge
University, London were sponsored by the UK and US governments,
and backed by NASA technology. For reasons not clear, both
programs have been shelved indefinitely, with NASA going so far as
to deny any involvement, and both governments citing
"environmental concerns". An independent source that visited
Norway's research base some 150 miles to the East stated that a
large amount of new equipment and personnel have been arriving at
Russia's Vostok Station over the last six months. This is
interesting considering Russia's current financial situation.
A final note is a verified dispatch out of Casey Station(AU). The
pair of women adventurers who were attempting to ski across the
continent last month, and were extracted by plane during the last
leg of their trip, did NOT request the intervention. Over the
protests of the Australian crew at Casey, the two were airlifted
via an extraordinary 48 hour flight by a USN Special Forces team
out of American Samoa. According to the dispatch the women were
insistent on reporting something unusual they had seen. The latest
news reports have the pair resting in "seclusion".
LAKE VOSTOK : A Curiosity or a Focus for Interdisciplinary Study?
The Lost World of Lake Vostok Radio Echo Sounding of Ice
Deciphering Mysteries of Past Climate From Antarctic Ice Cores
Antarctica's Lake Vostok Exploring Lake Vostok Scientists say
Antarctic lake worth a look-see
WARM LAKE FOUND UNDER ANTARCTIC ICE SHEET
Frozen Time Capsule From Lake Vostok Arrives At Montana State
Bacteria May Thrive in Antarctic Lake The frosty plains of Europa
NEXUS MAGAZINE UK
55 Queens Road, East Grinstead, West Sussex, RH19 1BG, UK.
Tel: +44 (0)1342 322854; Fax: +44 (0)1342 324574
UK Office e-mail:
Head Office e-mail (Australia):
The following e-mail reflects Professor Thomas Gold's views on
the subject of the above Nexus Magazine Lake Vostock post data.
Prof Gold and I have entered into a long e-mail debate over
Martian Water & Palaeo Seas/planetary wide Ice sheets and have
discussed at length his theories of continuously renewed Earth
Core-Mantle derrived methane and oil - as opposed to the finite
volume squashed bug/plant theories of the origin of oil - extant
in western oil company dominated science. Prof Gold had previously
stated his belief to me that Lake Vostock could contain large
amounts of methane under pressure and that drilling into same
might represent a hazardous operation..................... See his
various oil & gas papers (including reasons for magnetite
Dear Mr. Mason:
Thank you for this fascinating information.
I had previously considered informing the Vostok investigators,
Russian,UK,US, that there was a severe hazard that above the water
there would most likely be a large amount of methane, and breaking
into that would be very hazardous. It may of course be so large
amount that letting it out would make a severe change of
chemistry, and hence of climate.
The bubbles in the ice, the large dome, and the magnetic anomaly
point to such a situation. Most permafrost regions have methane
underneath them, and this would be by far the largest of them.
be the scientist who vanished crashed into a methane ice bubble.
Large deposits of magnetite are common in methane-rich regions,
produced from iron oxides acting as oxygen donor to microbes that
live on the oxidation of methane.
If you have the contacts, feel free, or even encouraged, to
distribute this letter to other parties in this business, together
with my name. I don't wish to hide behind anonymity.
Yours sincerely, Thomas Gold (28 February 2001)
When Kent Steadman was still alive, we used to collaborate via IM
on aol.com all the time. It's pretty cool when I discover
that we are still doing this after his death as well. Thanks
Lake Vostok (Russian:
восток, "east") is the
largest of more than 140
subglacial lakes found under the surface of
Antarctica. It is located beneath
Vostok Station, 4,000 meters (13,000 ft) under the surface of
the central Antarctic
ice sheet, within the
Australian Antarctic Territory. It is 250 km long by 50 km
wide at its widest point, thus similar in size to
Lake Ontario, and is divided into two deep basins by a ridge.
The water over the ridge is about 200 m (650 ft) deep, compared to
roughly 400 m (1,300 ft) deep in the northern basin and 800 m
(2,600 ft) deep in the southern. Lake Vostok covers an area of
15,690 km² (6,058 mi²). It has an estimated volume of 5,400 km³
(1,300 cubic miles) and consists of
fresh water. The average depth is 344 m. In May 2005 an island
was found in the center of the lake.
data first showed lakes beneath the Antarctic ice-sheet in the
late 1960s and early 1970s. The existence of Lake Vostok was first
noted in 1973 by scientists of the
Scott Polar Research Institute,
but not named by them.
British scientists delineated the lake in 1996 by integrating
a variety of data, including airborne ice-penetrating
imaging observations and spaceborne radar
altimetry. It has been confirmed that the lake contains large
amounts of liquid water under the more than three-kilometer thick
icecap, promising to be the most unspoiled lake on Earth. Its
water is very old, with a mean
residence time in the order of one
million years (as compared with six years for
Lake Ontario, which is typical for lakes of that size).
The average water temperature is around −3 °C
remains liquid below the normal
freezing point because of high pressure from the weight of the
ice above it.
Geothermal heat from the Earth's interior warms the bottom of
the lake. The ice sheet itself insulates the lake from cold
temperatures on the surface.
Researchers working at
Vostok Station produced one of the world's longest
ice cores in 1998. A joint Russian, French, and U.S. team
drilled and analyzed the core, which is 3,623 metres (11,890 ft)
long. Ice samples from cores drilled close to the top of the lake
have been analyzed to be as old as 420,000 years, suggesting that
the lake has been sealed under the icecap for between 500,000 and
more than a million years. Drilling of the core was deliberately
halted roughly 100 metres (300 ft)
above the suspected boundary where the ice sheet and the liquid
waters of the lake are thought to meet. This was to prevent
contamination of the lake from the 60 ton column of
and aviation fuel Russian scientists filled it with to prevent it
from freezing over.
From this core, specifically from ice that is thought to
have formed from lake water freezing onto the base of the ice
sheet, evidence has been found, in the form of microbes, to
suggest that the lake water supports life. Scientists suggested
that the lake could possess a unique habitat for ancient bacteria
with an isolated microbial
pool containing characteristics developed perhaps 500,000 years
Since Lake Vostok consists of two separate basins divided by
a ridge, it has been suggested that the chemical and biological
compositions of these two
ecosystems are likely to be different.
Pressure and oxygen
Lake Vostok is an
oligotrophic extreme environment, one that is
oxygen, with oxygen levels 50 times higher than those
typically found in ordinary
freshwater lakes on Earth. The sheer weight of the continental
icecap sitting on top of Lake Vostok is believed to contribute to
the high oxygen concentration. Besides dissolving in the water,
oxygen and other
are trapped in a type of structure called a
clathrate. In clathrate structures, gases are enclosed in an
icy cage and look like packed snow. These structures form at the
high-pressure depths of Lake Vostok and would become unstable if
brought to the surface.
No other natural lake environment on Earth is as rich in
oxygen and it is speculated that any organisms inhabiting the lake
would have needed to evolve special adaptations to survive. These
adaptations to an oxygen-rich environment might include high
concentrations of protective
Due to the lake's similarity to the
Enceladus, any confirmation of life living in Lake Vostok
would strengthen the prospect for the possible presence of life on
Europa or Enceladus.
In April 2005,
researchers found that the lake has
Depending on the position of the
the surface of the lake rises between 1 and 2 cm. The researchers
assume that the fluctuation of the lake surface has the effect of
a pump that keeps the water circulating, which would be necessary
for the survival of
microorganisms if there are any.
To probe, without contamination, the waters of Lake Vostok
for life, plans were initiated in 2001 by the
Jet Propulsion Laboratory to start with a melter probe — the
— which melts down through the ice over Lake Vostok, unspooling a
communications and power cable as it goes. The cryobot carries
with it a small submersible, called a "hydrobot", which is
deployed when the cryobot has melted to the ice-water interface.
The hydrobot then swims off and "looks for life" with a camera and
In January 2006, Robin Bell and Michael Studinger,
Geophysical researchers from
Columbia University, announced in
Geophysical Research Letters the discovery of two smaller
lakes under the icecap, named
90 Degrees East and
It is also suspected that the Antarctic
subglacial lakes may be connected by a network of
Duncan Wingham (University
London) and Martin Siegert (University
of Bristol, now
University of Edinburgh) published in
Nature in 2006 that many of the subglacial lakes of Antarctica
are at least temporarily interconnected. Because of varying water
pressure in individual lakes, large, sub-surface rivers may
suddenly form and then force large amounts of water through the
Oswald, G. K. A.; Robin, G. de Q. (1973). "Lakes beneath
the Antarctic Ice Sheet". Nature 245 (5423): 251–254.
Siegert MJ (2000). "The identification, examination and
exploration of Antarctic subglacial lakes". Sci Prog 83 ( Pt
Jouzel J, Petit JR, Souchez R, Barkov NI, Lipenkov VY,
Raynaud D, Stievenard M, Vassiliev NI, Verbeke V, Vimeux F
(1999). "More than 200 meters of lake ice above subglacial
Lake Vostok, Antarctica". Science 286 (5447): 2138–41.
Priscu JC, Adams EE, Lyons WB, Voytek MA, Mogk DW, Brown RL,
McKay CP, Takacs CD, Welch KA, Wolf CF, Kirshtein JD, Avci R
(1999). "Geomicrobiology of subglacial ice above Lake Vostok,
Antarctica". Science 286 (5447): 2141–4.
of Antarctica's 15-Million Year-Old Lake". The Daily
Ice Explorer Conceived for Other Worlds Gets Arctic Test
Robot to Explore Buried Ice Lake
IMAGES OF LAKE VOSTOK
WEBSITES OF LAKE VOSTOK
Are you familiar with
Antarctica? KC: No. BD: Oh, God, that's a sensitive
story in itself! Under the ice in
there is a fresh-water ...
They drained the
The water is so low he had to find a new place to dock .... "Antarctica
has shown little to no warming in the recent past with the
...... the previous record-holder, drilled at an
1941 - German underground excavation begins in
flights took place in the early sixties and were *strictly Earth
orbiters*. ..... struck a volcanic plain called the
of Excellence at 6:42am yesterday, ...
|THE GERMANS IN ANTARCTICA
Any ship that even came close to the shipping routes from South
Antarctica were destroyed by
U-boats to protect the secret. ...
On May 19, 1943 the allied forces suspected since something of
strange happened in the "
German base " because of the great " movement " of ...
The history of
German Antarctic research started at 1873 when Sir Eduard
Dallman on behalf of the newly founded
Society of Polar Research discovered ...
In an eleventh-hour effort, the
Empire acquired a few scraps of Africa and ... part of
and were thus instrumental in the
In the winter of '38/'39 the
undertook an expedition to
and they claimed a very large area. They named it after the ship
Media in category "Climate diagrams W+L of
The following 2 files are in this category, out of 2 total.
Some of the claims to
are by now vestigial. The Norwegian slice dates to immediately
before the Second World War, when
were intensively ...
However, believers in the
Antarctic Reich theory contend that Hitler
left Argentina in the early 1950s and moved to
Neuschwabenland, an SS colony under the ...
16 Jun 2005 ... Together with an SS "Last
Battalion," these fugitive Nazis supposedly founded a
Antarctica not too far from ...
At first glance,
Neuschwabenland doesn't warrant much
enthusiasm. .... Maybe it was a time-travelling flying
disc from Nazi
Antarctica - Detailed Map. -
Antarctica Map 1. -
Antarctica Map 2. - Continent of
Antarctica. - Egyptian Map of
Neu-Schwabenland Map ...
Translate this page ]
File Format: PDF/Adobe
View as HTML
Antarctica. By Gerhard Spaeth and Werner
Fielitz*. Summary: In western
Neuschwabenland Precambrian rock complexes of
by G Spaeth -
Cited by 7 -
10 posts - 6 authors - Last post: 12 Dec 2005
I think anyone here knows the
Schwabenland story of german scientist ...
Hitler was anxious for a foothold in
Antarctica, and such an ...
27 Sep 2008 ... New Swabia (Neuschwabenland)
is a section of the continent
Antarctica between 20°E and 10°W
(overlapping a portion of Norway's claim zone ...
This movie was made to cover up the THREE HOUR missing time when
Admiral Byrd met with the nazis at their secret base in
||UFO DISCLOSURE: THE NEMO THEORY
EDITOR: want UFO
disclosure--more than standard press-pap? Huh? HUH? Soon to come,
Kent's Cap'n Nemo Theory. For
now try to guess what
that theory might be, tain't difficult.
Think this, tech, really important tech, is NOT the property of
governments nor even the military-industrial complex, but
individuals, genius rogues. Do NOT follow the Fortune 500 money,
because the good projects might be simple and will NOT make a pile
of cash for Daddy Warbucks. Follow the rogues-trail. Alas, some of
the tech-outriders may or may not necessarily be genius
humanitarians. Gosh, guess that IS the theory. DONE! Just needs
names and enhancements! Bet this is what "done-in"
Here's some clues below.
Date: 6/26/01 8:31:24 AM Pacific
Ah, Kent! Looks like you figured it out!
You're on the right track. Many discoveries and
inventions are not built or marketed because big business owns the
patents and won't build them. Why? Because there is no money to be
made by them because anyone with a little bit of skill can build them
Yes, there are devices that create almost free
energy, and there really is a way to run a car on water. I have no
doubt that UFOs are built and operated by private groups.
I am building a device that has several patents on
it, so I can't sell it. The patents go back to 1935! People have built
this, taken to the media, and have been threatened by government
officials. They have been told that the device would destroy the
entire economy of the western world. Therefore, I'm building it for
myself only. While researching this, I have found evidence that
thousands of these devices may be in use by individuals who keep
quiet. No, this isn't a UFO, its much simpler than that, and you
wouldn't recognize it as anything special if you saw it.
Keep looking Kent, but the secret is that you DON'T
want to follow the money, because there is no money to be made with
these things. Follow the underground, grassroots organizations. Pay
attention to private web pages (like yours).
Does Captain Nemo exist? You bet he does! :-)
you click on the red dots, it goes to more pages.
Hanebu - Die Nazi-Flugscheiben
getting feedback that
are very significant
ten-year period, the
members were supposedly the first group to attempt the
back-engineering of an extraterrestrial spacecraft. "A German
writer, John Von Helsing, describes the discovery of a crashed
saucer in the Black Forest in 1936 and says that this technology
was taken and combined with the information the Vril Society had
received through channeling and was made into a further project
called the Haunebu."
VRIL DISC PHOTOS DIRECT LINKS
NAZI-BASE IN ANTARCTICA THEORY
On May 19, 1943 the allied
forces suspected since something of strange happened in the
"Antarctica German base" because of the great "movement" of
submarines in direction to the South Atlantic.
It's amazing this topic was lost to "ufo mystery" websites.
Perhaps someone wrote a book about this. I think the public should
really study this, and admit what the Germans were shown. It
appears that Hitler was not a part of this secret German group
that went to Antarctica after WWII.
ANOMALY LAKE VOSTOK
The anomaly was big in another
way, encompassing the entire Southeast corner of the lake,
about (65 b 46 miles) 105 km by 75 km
were many ancient temples magnetic in nature?
Here we have the standard version of all the furious activity
currently underway in Antarctica. If this information turns
out to be lip service, at least we have what they did say on
Unique Buried South Pole Telescope Points To Earth's Center
Life at the bottom of the world,
CIA funding at University of Hawaii
of Planetary Sciences and Consultant
received awards and honors from diverse organizations such as
the City and County of Honolulu, NASA and the CIA
COMMENTARY: The U of H is a viper pit of intelligence types,
predominately the CIA. They like the warm weather in Hawaii.
They even have a telescope in Antarctica named after them:
Beginning in 1938, long before the end of the Second World War, the
Nazi's commenced to send out numerous exploratory missions to the
Queen Maud region of Antarctica. A steady stream of expeditions were
reportedly sent out from [at the time] white supremacist South Africa.
Over 230,000 square miles of the frozen continent were mapped from the
air, and the Germans discovered vast regions that were surprisingly
free of ice, as well as warm water lakes and cave inlets. One vast ice
cave within the glacier was reportedly found to extend 30 miles to a
large hot-water geothermal lake deep below. Various scientific teams
were moved in to the area, including hunters, trappers, collectors and
zoologists, botanists, agriculturists, plant specialists, mycologists,
parasitologists, marine biologists, ornithologists, and many others.
Numerous divisions of the German government were involved in the top
my Neu-Schwabenland hunch The
German grasping at the Antarctic
WEAPONS OF WWII and THE NAZI UFO CONNECTION
"Their source of power was the
an infinite beam of light which though invisible to the human eye is
real and there.
Marrs-Antarctica A Nazi Base?
Date: 4/17/01 9:45:57 AM Pacific
The article and website are VERY interesting
because when I worked at the KSC and Cape Canaveral in the late 50s;
and up to 1992, I was a friend of Dr. Wernher von Braun (German
Scientist who worked on the Apollo Program) and heard much concerning
the Hitler Shangi La at the South Pole. It is a FACT! Look at my
website. Open it with Netscape. Clark (McClelland), former ScO, Ground
Test Astronaut), Space Shuttle Fleet, Apollo Lunar Program, Mercury,
Gemini, Sky Lab, ISS, etc. Open:
THE SECRET LAND movie made of OPERATION
Excerpts from the movie. This movie was made to
cover up the THREE HOUR missing time when Admiral Byrd met with the
nazis at their secret base in Neuschwabenland (Antarctic)
Admiral Byrd's team of six
R4-D's were fitted with the super secret "Trimetricon" spy cameras and
each plane was trailing a magnetometer. They flew over as much of the
continent as they could in the short three month "summer" period,
mapping and recording magnetic data. Magnetometers show anomalies in
the Earth's magnetism, i.e. if there is a "hollow" place under the
surface ice or ground, it will show up on the meter.
Operation HighJump photo gallery Operation
Missing three hours
Most likely, it was one of these
R4Ds that was involved in Admiral Byrd's mapping flight that
reportedly returned 3 hours late, due to severe weather (or encounters
with Nazis, or some combination of the two). :)
Byrd and the Inner Earth Location
and Size of the Polar Openings Satellite
Images of Area Near N. Polar Opening Antarctica
Antarctica with RADARSAT
NEMO THEORY MORE ON ADMIRAL BYRD
In the series of reports,
“The Quest for the Inner Passage,” (THEI Vol. 1) we found that
Admiral Byrd, who’s family is part of the elitist crowd through
kinship with England’s Royal family. Seemed to know from an early
age that he was destined to explore the earth’s Polar Regions.
In “Quest for the Inner Passage”
we learned that a veil of secrecy has covered his expeditions from
the start. As one biographer put it, “there were secrets that
would not be talked about (1). We also learned that the One World
Order paymaster John D. Rockefeller and his pals had financed
every one of his early explorations. (2). And, much to the dismay
of the other expedition members, all of the scientific information
gathered by the members of Byrd’s First Antarctic Expedition –
“enough to fill 7 large books” – was turned over to Rockefeller
before anyone else had a chance to study the
findings, only to vanish and never be seen again. (3).
NEMO THEORY Radiant Energy: Unraveling Tesla’s Greatest Secret
||Of all the great
inventions and discoveries of Nikola Tesla, nothing stood out with
greater potential benefit to the whole of humanity than his
discovery of Radiant Energy in 1889. The series of observations
that led to the discovery of Radiant energy initially grew out of
experiments that Tesla had conducted in an attempt to duplicate
the results that Heinrich Hertz had claimed to achieve in
affirming the existence of electromagnetic waves, the discovery of
which Hertz announced in 1887. While replicating Hertz’s
experiments, Tesla experimented with violently abrupt DC
electrical discharges and discovered a new force in the process.
THE HOLLOW EARTH: an Antarctic hole
ANCIENT SAGA PART
In July of 1937, the Nazi party's elite, such as
Hitler and Goering, began sending out special teams of their elite
forces. These teams were to collect all kinds of supernatural,
scientific and religious items. Primarily items dealing with the
supernatural, occult and the fringe sciences. During the search for
Noah's Ark, along the borders of Turkey and Persia in the mountain
range of Arafat, the team was exposed to a story by some of the older
members of a village near the Tigress river. The story was that 200
generations ago a strange shiny house had fallen from the sky, making
such a noise that it woke everyone in the village.
Date: 6/24/01 1:23:39 AM Pacific Daylight Time
Hi Kent, While searching for solar catastrophe'
related info I found an article in Issue 27 of Atlantis Rising
entitled: UFOs of the Third Reich (Was Hitler's Last Refuge, the South
Pole?), which may be of interest to you.
You can download a .pdf copy of Issue 27 here
Historical Background Data Operation
DEVELOPED BY NAZI WAR CRIMINALS
Date: 6/21/01 11:40:35 PM
Pacific Daylight Time
This is interesting, Kent. Is someone (faction two) fighting back?
What is your guess on the
identities of the "factions?" Kent
Well, I think it's safe to say that one faction
is fascist-oriented, and quite mad. They're the Montauk-Denver
Airport-CIA-Nazi-SRI-ufo gang. They're being opposed by Navy
DARPA-patriot-technicians who understand what the other guys have,
and, perhaps, how to counter it. The whole thing is like one big
inter-dimensional crazy quilt, with members of both camps often
working in close proximity to each other...
Remember, both Betty and Barney Hill described a
Nazi on board that saucer. I don't think they were supposed to
remember that part.
By the way, would it behoove you to put up
material on Laurance
dubious involvement with the UFO crowd? His "Best Evidential
Package" makes for great reading if you like science fiction.
Energy: Unraveling Tesla’s Greatest Secret
another dead researcher
HELP FROM READER BILL
It's insanely frustrating to search
for TR-3B details, but... How 'bout this? PDF file showing how
TR-3B's are sighted flying between Air Force bases? Looked like a
semi-boring file a teacher would love.
Here's more about that Captain Nemo Theory... and arrrrgh! I hate
how you can search the whole world on something, and the simple
websites are the ones you forgot:
Believe it or not, NO ONE seems to be linking to germanUFOchatter...
thought about searching for just VRIL... Hmm, it's gotta be more
than just coincidence that the VRIL-ufo topic is related to the
VRIL-orgone-energy topic? I ended up looking for "dark sun", "dark
Quote about vril energy:
"Vril is an energy which links conscious experience with physical
It is the unifier of sciences. All we need is the discovery of means
by which specific
patterns may be derived from the Vril current."
quote about vril energy seems to be a mind-blower... Just what do
all us viewers believe in? What do we think that can happen?
What would we like to have happen? I'll have to think more about
"linking conscious experience with physical experience"...
|PHILLIP K DICK'S ANDROIDS
I didn't dream about an Android
this months, but I did dream about a Cyborg. Similar?
8-6-09 - CYBORG - DREAM - I was
working in a very large, multistory office building
somewhere. I couldn't find my purse before I went
to work, so went without it, hoping my co-workers could
help me get through the day - for lunch especially.
I didn't need it otherwise.
When I got to work, I discovered that I
was working with a Cyborg - a man who was pleasant
enough to look at, but he had a human physique, but some
kind of mechanically controlled brain, and as I later
learned, he was not a nice guy - or the mechanism went
wrong. He did and made other people do unspeakable
things to each other, and killed others to trap them in
elevators for example, and didn't want anyone to go
I don't want to describe in detail what
this guy was doing to people, and making them think
about doing to each other, because it was so nasty, It
all had to do with body functions. I had to force
myself to wake up because I couldn't tolerate even
thinking about the abuse he was making people think
about, but he had full control of more than one person
in a time, in a local area. As long as they didn't
use the elevators, they were able to exit the building,
but I could see bodies piled up and squished by the
elevators as I walked by them, trying to find a stairway
that he didn't have control of. It wasn't just me
he was controlling - he didn't want anyone to leave.
The only way I could leave was to wake
up and get out of his influence in that frequency.
Steve Quale & Tom
Horn on Psychotronic Warfare, Superman &
A number of interesting questions (and
answers) was brought up in a recent
interview I heard with Tom Horn and
Stephen Quayle. A few pieces of the
"grand puzzle" fell into place (at least
for me) while listening to these
Stephen Quayle began an interview
series with Tom Horn on the subject of
psychotronic warfare, mind control and
weapons technology. The discussion
continued into topics such as cyborgs,
mythology, prophecies and the book of
revelation, they made a few very
interesting suggestions that seems to
connect the "Sons of God" and the
Nephilim (the Giants or the Titans) to
it all. And that is a topic that I have
been fascinated by for some time now. It
keeps coming up again and again.
TOM HORN ON RED ICE - PART 1
TOM HORN ON RED ICE - PART 2
TOM HORN ON RED ICE - PART 3
TOM HORN ON RED ICE - PART 4
TOM HORN ON RED ICE - PART 5
TOM HORN ON RED ICE - PART 6
TOM HORN - PSYCHTRONIC WARFARE
WARFARE: What In The Otherworld Is Going
Added: Sep 10th,
2006 6:58 PM
What In The Otherworld Is Going On?
President Bush's inaugural speech included
comments about the angel in the whirlwind
(who hurls death and terror over the
guilty land) and in his second inaugural
he added the effort to create a "fire in
the minds of men" (i.e., the Possessed).
What does this have to do with the
The use of 'vital energy' by
ultraterrestrials to form dimensional
gateways--whether by manipulating animal,
plant, or atmospheric molecular
energy--brings interesting questions to
the biblical story of Genesis, where some
believe super-intelligent angels known as
'Watchers' descended to earth and used
antediluvian cell matter (women, animals,
plants) to construct for themselves
'portals', through which they extended
themselves into the material world,
bringing with them physical and
Note the implication behind this activity
"The benei Elohim saw the daughters of
Adam, that they were fit extensions."
(emphasis added [Interlinear Hebrew
'Fit extensions' could be understood to
mean the use of molecular energy to format
navigational, dimensional pathways.
Current advances by modern scientists to
blend DNA of various species using
transgenics (genetically modified crops,
mice with human brains, goats with human
blood, rabbit-human embryos) raises a host
of prophetic possibilities and questions
in light of Genesis 6:
The book of Enoch expands the Genesis
story to reveal that the 'sin' of angels
with women included similar simultaneous
activity against nature, animals, and
The reason 'Watchers' might have been
transgenically blending their specie with
human DNA as well as animal and plant DNA
(various living organisms) remains a
mystery, but is curiously compelling in
light of modern transgenic and similar
well-funded research. Are we seeing the
fulfillment of prophecy? "As it was in the
days of Noah..." ?
What if, by corrupting the species
'barrier' commanded by God in which each
creature was to recreate after its "own
kind", Watchers successfully mingled
human-animal-plant DNA and combined the
hereditary traits of several species into
a single new mutation? An entirely new
being--Nephilim--might have suddenly
possessed the combined intelligence and
instincts (seeing, hearing, smelling,
reacting to the environment, etc.) of
several life forms and in ways unfamiliar
to ancient men.
Today, molecular biologists classify the
functions of genes within native species
yet are unsure in many cases how a gene's
coding might react from one species to
another. Simply stated, transgenics is the
science of altering the genetic structure
and in some cases the nature of a species
by introducing DNA of a different species
into its genome. Such tinkering includes
human embryos having their molecular
biology altered through inserting animal
(and if you can accept the staggering
possibility, alien [demon?]) DNA into
What are the ramifications of such
For instance, many people believe that
animals not only 'sense' earthquakes and
'smell' tumors but that they 'see'
spirits. The Bible provides verification
for this in the story of Balaam's donkey.
Modern researchers likewise have uncovered
evidence that animals often seem to react
to things unseen (ever seen a dog barking
or growling at 'nothing'?).
Now imagine what this could mean if
government laboratories with unlimited
budgets working beyond congressional
review were to decode the gene functions
that lead to animal propensities of sense,
smell, sight. The ultimate psychotronic
warfare could be committed against entire
populations by 'agents' who appear to be
human but who see and even interact with
invisible forces. Biblical and apocryphal
texts indicate such may have been the case
with Nephilim, and brings an entirely new
context to the fear-factor ancient men had
of these beings.
Yet this terrifying example is only the
tip of the iceberg. If interbreeding
between regular and transgenic humans (a
possibility many believe not only explains
Genesis 6 but that could point to an
imminent possibility given modern science
and man's tendency to throw caution to the
wind when given the chance to play 'god')
ever occurs, mutated DNA will get out of
the bottle. When and if that happens,
'alien' and/or animal characteristics will
be introduced to human specie, altering
the human genetic code and eventually
eliminating humanity as we know it. Some
believe that was in Genesis 6, and could
be again, the whole idea.
By now your saying to yourself, huh? What
does this have to do with the president's
inaugural speeches concerning the angel in
the whirlwind and a fire in the minds of
men? (Also See Author David Lowe's
Comments - Thank God Some Thinking People
Understand What Tom Is Saying - Please
Help Get The Word Out While There Is
Find out in what many have called the best
Q-Files series ever - PSYCHOTRONIC
WARFARE: What In The Otherworld Is Going
On? This special 4-hour program is now
available at a special price in the
Raiders News Update Store. And SHARING
this series with your friends and family -
while there is time? - is HIGHLY
What In The Otherworld Is Going On?
4 CD Set / 4 Hours
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|DREAMS OF THE
GREAT EARTHCHANGES - MAIN INDEX