Salvador Dali's "Soft Watch at Moment of First Explosion"


Dee Finney'S blog

start date July 20, 2011

Today's date 12-24-11

page 95




NOTE FROM DEE:  I had been making attempts to time travel to the future this past week with some strange results.  I never saw what I intended to see in the year 2014 which is the year I chose to go to.  I went to the 5th Dimension, thinking that was safe rather than using "astral" which has many low nasty levels" 

On December 23, I was deliberately blocked by two men in spirit, one from my right wearing a blue shirt, and one from my left wearing a green shirt.  I did not recognize either one of them.  From sitting aside of me on either side, they spring forward into my field of vision and had a conversation with each other, agreeing to play a game on me, and seemed to fasten an empty box where I had to look.  So every time I made an attempt to go to the year 2014, alll I saw was the empty box, sometimes with a flap closed down over the center which could not be raised up.  It was very frustrating.

Later, I tried going to a higher level -[ the 8th dimension and the did not work either.

The following dream was the next morning.






I was working in a rather large office with other women.  The boss turned out to be Dr. Bill Deagle from nutrimedical.com.

We were all given what looked like an aptitude test, maybe for promotion, but it consisted of some math, perhaps for accounting aptitude or for figuring out things mathematically, and part of it was to do a drawing of quite  large picture for artistic aptitude.


I noticed that some of the women were given an object to draw around and some not.  The object I saw on some of the papers looked like a Cheshire cat smile or fat lips, depending on who drew it.  One could make that into whatever you wanted, some older drawings I fo9und in a file cabinet had turned that smile into a person, some made animals, some made rocks.  I saw that some drawings included trees, animals, rivers, all kinds of things.  Some drawings were very simple and bland colors, others had used blended coloring on some objects, like animals had clack tails, some were just plain brown.  Every drawing was different, yet similar.


I felt very intimidated.  


When the boss came around, I was carrying the pad of paper with me plus a shopping list of things I needed like paint, yarn, string, some very odd things not necessarily related to work.


The boss said, "When are you going to do a focal painting for me?


I responded by saying, "Is there a deadline on this project?"  and he just looked at me and didn't really answer.  I just knew he expected it to be done.

At some pint a few minutes later, I went to a lounge on a lower floor where there was a TV set which was larger than the one we had upstairs, and I thought I would get a clearer picture of what was going on in the office. 


Then I saw into the next room what looked like spotlights, and one of them shown on a fireplace clock, and the clock had a ring of diamonds round it and there was the focal piece I knew the boss wanted - something with diamonds around it.


I turned on the TV and the show was of  Phil Donahue.  Phil was sitting on a couch with a woman, and a man talking with them, and then he invited an old man to sit next to him.  The other man was sitting there in the center and didn't move over and had his legs crossed and the old man tripped over the outstretched leg and fell onto the couch and sat on the other man's hand which he never moved to make room for the 4th person.

Then as I watched, they invited another man to sit on the same couch, now five people and nobody wanted to move over and make room, and these old men had long white beards and they all looked like they were aging as they sat there and they added more and more people onto the couch and nobody wanted to move down to make room.  There were probably seven or more by the end, and I woke up laughing because it was so funny to see all these old guys trying to squeeze in between Phil and the next guy and nobody wanted to shift over to make room.


PREVIOUS DREAMS OF TESTS:  http://search.yahoo.com/search;_ylt=A0oGdWy_z_VOV1YAfeyl87UF?p=site%3Agreatdreams.com%20%20dream%20%20test&fr=slv8-att&fr2=sfp



NOTE FROM DEE:  Later in the day, I was meditating on how man diamonds were around the clock because I couldn't figure it out.  One for 5 minutes seemed too large, one per 2 1/2 minutes seemed too small, and there were quite a few diamonds around the clock.


I fell into a dream, where I had a sheet of paper covered with pictures of clocks, and I inserted another piece of paper in the fold of the clocks with my name on it Dee Finney.


I was thinking of distributing these papers in various public places to try to get information about clocks, hoping someone would tell me how many diamonds would go around a clock.


There was another man in the house who said he was expecting a package and to watch for the mailman, so I looked out the door and across the street a truck pulling two boats was pulling up.  These boats were larger than normal row boats, but still looked like they got rowed - they were not motorized.  I wondered if they were being delivered to the man who was waiting for the mailman.


then the mailman arrived with a green sheet of paper and gave it to me.  It had my name Dee Finney all over the paper, so he knew it was mine.


I woke up then, and within moments, I figured out that the diamonds were around the clock, not actually on th clock and that the number was probably 60 and Joe said that was an important number called SOSS which is the basic number of the Sumerians, and all time is based on that number - 60 minutes in an hour - 60 seconds in a minute, etc.


That didn't solve my time travel problem, which Joe knows nothing about, but I can work on that later.


But now we were tossing around d ideas about time, and that Time is an illusion.  Our whole world is a dream - an illusion, so time is also.


Here are some other dreams I had about clocks.  There are 531 of them,, so here are just a few examples:



About 531 results (0.15 seconds)
  1. COINCIDENCE AND 11:11 - Dreams of the Great Earth Changes

    www.greatdreams.com/11coin.htmCached - Similar
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    I find it iteresting that 9 times out of 10, when I look at a clock, it reads a double ..... Our dreams and experiences, including coincidences, are part of the plan. ...

    www.greatdreams.com/11coin6.htmCached - Similar
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    I tried to point out that dreams and coincidences seem to sometimes be ..... I have been seeing 11:11 for several years on clocks, at home elsewhere and in the ...
  3. 11:11 - What Does it Mean? - Dreams of the Great Earth Changes

    www.greatdreams.com/numbers/1111/1111.htmCached - Similar
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    That is what happens, for example, when we "just happen" to look at a clock at 11:11 AM or PM. Through the coincidences and dreams the greatest mysteries of ...

    www.greatdreams.com/11coin2.htmCached - Similar
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    The other night i looked at my clock and it said 1111. I knew then i was special or this enigma was part of me. I have weird dreams and cannot explain alot of ...
  5. 11:11 - POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE? - Dreams of the Great Earth ...

    www.greatdreams.com/11-11-positive-negative.htmCached - Similar
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    6-4-04 - DREAM - I was sitting on what seemed like a small oriental rug at ... It was at 11 minutes part 11 and when I saw the clock, I heard a voice say, "MOM" ...

    www.greatdreams.com/spiders.htmCached - Similar
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    I said, "Mary can get another clock." (I woke up here, Joe kissed me goodbye and left for work and I went right back to sleep. It seems that the dream continued. ) ...

    www.greatdreams.com/nine/nine.htmCached - Similar
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    9-13-98 - DREAM - The dream started out with a vision of a clock-like symbol which resembled a rounded diamond-like shape with the largest point up, down, ...
  8. THE RETURN OF THE FEMININE - Dreams of the Great Earth ...

    www.greatdreams.com/sacred/return_of_the_feminine.htmCached - Similar
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    The clock time in the dream is the same angle at the Northern Cross. I was told in a previous dream that I originally came from Altair. Top-north, bottom-south, ...

    www.greatdreams.com/11coin12.htmCached - Similar
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    I have looked at a bunch of the dreams on your site, and have done my best to ... I have awaken to see 11:11 on my clock many times, I've seen it on several ...
  10. ALL ABOUT 2012 - Dreams of the Great Earth Changes

    www.greatdreams.com/2012.htmCached - Similar
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    ... article by C Lewis (pseudonym) from Australia stated the Mayan wheel depicted a 'Calendar clock', counting down to 2012. .... Info: Dreams of Red and Black ...

Search Results

  1. Coincidence and 11:11 - Dreams of the Great Earth Changes

    www.greatdreams.com/11coin3.htmCached - Similar
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    The talk of the dream of two suns was interesting. ... After so many years of the perplexing issue of the 11:11 on my clocks, store receipts, even an "11" when I ...
  2. 11 COINCIDENCES - Dreams of the Great Earth Changes

    www.greatdreams.com/11coin11.htmCached - Similar
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    11 COINCIDENCES - DREAMS - EXPERIENCES ... And, believe me, when I notice a clock at 11:11, I am actually somewhat elated (though sometimes it's just ...
  3. THE END OF THE WORLD - Dreams of the Great Earth Changes

    www.greatdreams.com/end-world.htmCached - Similar
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    Below that, it said, 2012, RETURN TO ZERO POINT. I saw a large circle with writing in each of the quadrants where clock numbers would be. ... DEES DREAMS...

    www.greatdreams.com/jesus4.htmCached - Similar
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    When I did wake for the first time my first thought was "is this a spiritual dream?", I looked and the clock and it said 11:11. I then knew it was a spiritual dream. ...

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    5-25-99 - DREAM - This dream had a nightmarish quality though some of it .... I saw that Kelly had painted the entire kitchen red, including the face of the clock. ...
  6. Revelation 11:11 - Humanity On The Pollen Path - Dreams of the ...

    www.greatdreams.com/11_11.htmCached - Similar
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    I had an interesting dream this morning - saw two suns in the east. .... I mean the chances of seeing a double digit on a clock is pretty good compared to other ...
  7. THE 11:11 COINCIDENCES - Dreams of the Great Earth Changes

    www.greatdreams.com/11coin5.htmCached - Similar
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    License Plates, e-mail times, clocks, prices all speak to me and I have kept track of them as well as other ... My dream-coincidence path led to Revelation 11:11. ...

    www.greatdreams.com/Cached - Similar
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    You cannot demand peace you can only become peace! MOSAIC-VISION.ORG DREAM AND VISIONS PREDICTIONS POSTING BOARD. WORLD CLOCKS ...

    www.greatdreams.com/water.htmCached - Similar
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    9-13-98 - DREAM - The dream started out with a vision of a clock-like symbol which resembled a rounded diamond-like shape with the largest point up, down, ...
  10. " The Symbolism and Spiritual Significance - Dreams of the Great ...

    www.greatdreams.com/five/five.htmCached - Similar
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    12-5-98 - DREAM - I was working in an office. I looked at the clock. It was 11 am. on 12/24/98. Everyone had gone home without saying goodbye. I decided I may ...

    www.greatdreams.com/triangls.htmCached - Similar
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    9-12-97 - Dream: I was getting ready for my trip and dying my hair black. I started at 6 p.m. on the clock. It was taking a long time and while I was doing it, I had ...
  2. TWO SUNS - Dreams of the Great Earth Changes

    www.greatdreams.com/twosuns.htmCached - Similar
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    For quite a few years, I've been reading about and collecting dreams ..... Several times over the past few months I have turned my head to a clock which reveals ...
  3. PART ONE - Dreams of the Great Earth Changes

    www.greatdreams.com/gem1.htmCached - Similar
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    As a dream researcher, I was very interested to learn that decades ago, Carl ... in an hour and seconds in a minute . . . as on the circumference of a clock face. ...

    www.greatdreams.com/redblack.htmCached - Similar
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    the topic of which I've already forgotten, but at the end, the dream said, "The red ... OUR CLOCK The seasonal method was uneven and the mechanical clock ...
  5. Pole Shift - When, Where, and How - Dreams of the Great Earth ...

    www.greatdreams.com/poleshift.htmCached - Similar
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    It was 4:44 a.m. on the clock. End of dream. I hope we don't have to live through that in my lifetime. Dee. 4-23-07. Hi All. it seems the last post regarding polar ...

    www.greatdreams.com/holygrl.htmCached - Similar
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    Before I present this series of dreams and visions about the Holy Grail and the Second Coming of Christ, I'd like to ...... I looked and the clock and it said 11:11. ...

    www.greatdreams.com/cats/cats.htmCached - Similar
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    9-13-98 - DREAM - The dream started out with a vision of a clock-like symbol which resembled a rounded diamond-like shape with the largest point up, down, ...
  8. THE SYMBOLISM OF RABBITS - Dreams of the Great Earth Changes

    www.greatdreams.com/rabbit.htmCached - Similar
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    So, this dream had a meaning other than I was dreaming about cute ...... I then had a vision of a clock which said 10 minutes to 3, but the 3 was in the 10 o-clock ...

    www.greatdreams.com/rectngls.htmCached - Similar
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    The alarm clock went off and I was yanked out of the dream. ~. 11-2-97 - DREAM - (Dream of relationships) I was in the kitchen of a ...

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    Subj: 10-8-97 THE MAGNIFICENT DREAM Date: 97-10-08 12:37:00 EDT From: ... I looked at the clock and saw that it was 9:30 a.m. and my mother was in the ...
NOTE FROM DEE:  i had a very strange experience when I moved to California this time.  I took a clock down ooff my wall at home in Wisconsin that had stopped at 9:25.   I moved to California on 9:19 which was Joe's birthday, and I didn't look for a clock to hang on the wall for a few days, and when I did I realized both the clock and the date was  9:25.  Now was that a coincidence, or fate?  Guess we'll never knoww the answer to that.

Here are all the clock dreams if you want to look at more:



by Joe Mason



Yesterday, I told my co-worker Jeff about my belief that Seth (channeled by Jane Roberts) was probably right in his explanation of our time-reality. I put it something like this:


I asked him if he or someone he knows had ever recalled a past event differently the someone else who also experienced the same event. He thought for a moment and said, "Yes!"


Seth said our experience of past, present, and future is somewhat of an illusion on other levels of reality, there is an 'eternal NOW'. They can view past, present and future, with all the possibilities and potentials at once.


This concept is so out of line with our experience that we reject it out-of-hand. But if you do your homework, there are hints all around you that the concept is correct and explains many things that don't jibe.


Einstein's relativity theory has pretty much been proven by innumerable experiments. A primary principle of his concept is that time is relative to your position, speed, and the gravitational filed you are in.


The future has been predicted so accurately in dreams and other methods, such as Nostradamus' method, throughout human history, that it should cause us to question our concept of time. If you record your dreams, you will find that they predict the future quite often. This is the reason for the universal feeling of De ja vu.


In ESP experiments, such as these conducted by Dr. Ryan at Duke University, it was statistically proven that the telepathic receiver can predict the order in which cards, with symbols on them are viewed before the sender shuffled and looks at the cards, to a degree of accuracy that is well above chance.


In our normal view of our Time-reality with its cause and effect, it would be impossible to predict the future, except by a lucky guess. Yet, it has been shown over and over that it can be done to a degree that is way beyond a lucky guess.


We could have a much better and more accurate picture of our reality, if we accepted this concept that on the larger level we are creating the past NOW. An example is the study of evolution. There is such a huge body of evidence to support Darwin's theory, it can hardly be denied. And yet, it still seems lacking in explaining everything. Conflicts arise, such as an animal with a poison and another with an immunity to it, which animal evolved first?


An analogy might help to grasp this concept. I think this one came from Seth:


Picture your life like being in a forest. You are standing by a tree, which is your present. Behind you are many trees representing the many paths you could have taken to get to the present tree. However, you took a single path past certain trees to get to where you are now. Before you are many more trees. You can choose multiple futures depending on where you decide to go.


On the larger level of reality, the entire forest can be seen at once. All of the paths you could have taken, but did not, are taken on this larger level of reality. The same goes for the future. All paths are taken on this larger level.

Our reality is based on the one path, that is the only one we choose to remember and deal with.


This view might be mind-blowing, but it explains some otherwise strange things about our experience here. Predicting the future is an example. Another is when two people have entirely different memories of a past event that was experienced together. It's because it WAS different. They are creating the past NOW. Each has chosen to remember the path though the forrest somewhat differently than the other.


It's like having a radio which only receives one station and denying that any other station exists.


Another hint that our concept of time may be limited is the feeling in 'fusion sex' or in a special sporting event, (like Bob Beamon's world record long jump) that there is no time, or time stands still.


We do not experience time in dreams.


When you really think about it, you have never been in the past. You have always experienced NOW, this moment. Planets revolve and clocks spin and your body ages, but you have always experienced NOW. If we are literally creating the reality, then it doesn't take too great of a leap of faith to believe that these things are somewhat of an illusion.


Another hint that we have to show the fluid nature of time, is our own experience of it. Sometimes a lot of time goes by while we feel that it was a short time. For example, when your children grow up, it seems like it went by fast. At other times, it feels like a long time has passed, but when you look at the clock, you are surprised that it was just a few minutes.


I started to think these concepts after the 'VIKING 128" interpretations. How could ancient carvings on rocks have a significance now? It makes sense if you view time as I do.


This concept was portrayed in Jane Robert's fictional book, "The Education of Oversoul Seven". The past, present, and future is portrayed in this fluid manner. An archeological discovery was made because it was created from the present.


On the Ouija board in 1982, Seth told us that 'Mysteries of all Time would be revealed to us, that we would be a practicing example."

As incredible as it seems, it appears to be happening.





7. The Law of Ascension. This law defines the high vibrational frequency which the soul of an incarnational being is resonating. When a personality looses the illusion of separation from it's god self, the vibration of that person raises to the point of ascension. No longer does this mean that the incarnational personality leaves the earth plane to live a finer existence. We are meant to bring our loving energies to our every day existence, becoming an example or role model for others to emulate. We can recognize this vibrational frequency in others by the degree to which they are a magnet to others.

9. The Law of Awareness. The more smoothly we use a relationship in action, the less conscious we are of it; we become aware of what we are doing in proportion to the difficulty we experience in adapting to the situation. Awareness may observe which is the illusion of separateness, yet not to be confused by this illusion; whereby this Awareness may be aware of the illusion of tragedy, yet not to be caught in that illusion; whereby this Awareness may be aware of that which is the illusion of death, yet not to be caught in that illusion, whereby this Awareness may observe that which is the illusion of free will, yet not to be caught in that illusion. There are certain limitations placed upon this Awareness which It cannot break. One of these being It cannot break Its own principles and Laws; It cannot deny or reject those who would appear to separate themselves from this Awareness not the movement and illusion of free will whereby they would do so.



We would tell you that the essence of time is an illusion. Time has been created, in fact, by a higher intelligence as a form of control upon the brain and function of the body image. This is a safeguard against corruption of matter. Thought exists independently of the body and brain, but time is the creation of matter. Thought is without time. Time, as a mechanism, was introduced to material and current mind only, not to thought or spirit, to keep you bound within the third dimension and within the perimeters of the small planet you call "Earth".


Does the earth wobble?
How does the earth grow and die?
What are the polar caps?
What is the magnetic North Pole?
Why doesn't the magnetic North Pole center the polar caps?
What does the position of the magnetic North Pole indicate?
What would be the consequences of a sudden polar shift?

This picture could be of an atom, an element, a planet, a solar or stellar system, the galaxy or a single musical note. All waves and spiral systems are alike and universal. To understand one wave is to understand the process of creation. The principles in the following discussion of the earth can be applied to the octaves of elements, to music, or to human relations. Eventually someone will apply them to the transmutation of the elements and the production of free energy.
Remember, light is all there is. Matter is motion only. Mind creates matter by dividing and multiplying light into waves. All motion is two way, curved and spiral, to and from points of rest to create the illusion of substance


The earth only appears to wobble in relationship to other objects in space.

Other than the Precession of the Equinoxes which is one wobble in 25,800 years, the earth doesn't wobble. The earth's rotational spin doesn't wobble in relation to itself or in relation to its own orbit, nor does the orbit itself wobble around the sun.

The earth rotates/spins daily on its North/South polar axis which is 90° to its equator every 23 hours, 56 minutes and 4.09 seconds. This rotational time may change one second in one hundred years or more likely, in several hundred years. The rotational speed at the equator is 1040 miles per hour.

(If you lay flat out on the grass at night with your arms spread out and eyes closed, you can sense what this feels like. Whether this is an illusion or not I don't know, but I've experimented with it and I swear I could feel the motion of the earth through space)


Change From Mechanical To Natural Time

by Jose and Lloydine Arguelles



This is a transcription of an audio recording of a video that was filmed by R.J. in Sedona, Arizona, as Jose and Lloydine visited with us to share their new message with the world, a message of peace, prophecy and calendar change. This article was first printed in the June issue of the Sedona Journal of EMERGENCE!. Lloydine begins the discussion.


At the time of the Harmonic Convergence, there was a great explosion of energy. No one knew quite what it was, why it happened. But for us, it was a part of an experiment in living according to the understanding the Maya had of calendars, timing systems, and a mathematics that describes time as the fourth dimension. So we're here tonight under a lot of umbrellas --of prophets and scientists that have gone before us, of much information that has moved through us.


And we are planetary peace pilgrims. At this moment we're going around the world in 80 days for a new time of planetary peace. This trip for me has been yet another teaching that when we relax and do not live in fear, everything comes together. So our message tonight is about getting rid of an old calendar and getting on a new time, because you really can't have a new age without understanding the new time.


We're here tonight as two human beings on a mission. After the Harmonic Convergence we learned not to use money. We are taken care of wherever we go, and fundamentally, we don't charge for this message.


[Jose:] Ho! This is a message of the truth. Because it's the truth we do not charge for it. This is a message of living prophecy, and this living prophecy is now churning and turning in the hearts and minds of many people in many places on this planet. This is a living prophecy, a living message, and we are messengers. We are planetary peace-pilgrim messengers and galactic messengers. We are bringing news of the arrival of galactic culture.


We began our experiment in living totally in fourth-dimensional time six years ago when we first came to Sedona. That was in February 1989, when we were driving from Boulder, Colorado, to Malibu, California, on our way to nowhere. We stopped in Sedona because we had seen the Sedona Harmonic Convergence video, and we said, Wow, that Sedona is a pretty place and those people got it together to do something there. Someone else had sent me a copy of Architectural Digest from 1988, which pictured a new home style called the Harmonic Convergence that was being built in Sedona. So we decided we had to go see those Harmonic Convergence houses! Thus we came here. Needless to say, we were here long enough to be enchanted by the rocks and depart knowing that there was certainly a powerful magnet for Harmonic Convergence architecture in Sedona. Not having met many people here, it was just a stop-over. But everyone on the planet knows Sedona; you should know that. (Of course, it also has an interplanetary reputation.)


I guess everyone here knows about us from the Harmonic Convergence or the books The Mayan Factor, Surfers of the Zuvuya, Mandala, Earth Ascending, The Transformative Vision or from the Dreamspell Calendar Game. I'm a messenger and a pioneer, I know now that I chose this birth for this specific reason; I've learned in the past two years that I chose this mission. Part of my choosing this mission was to come here and spend this moment with you, here.

Our feeling was, if there's any place with enough sparks to light a fire, it's Sedona.


Part of our mission was also to bring the prophecy of Pacal VOTAN to the Hopi elder Thomas Banyaca, and yesterday, thanks to Alan Leon and his shamanic-journey Chevrolet, we had a perfect shamanic journey to Hopi mesa.


He had sent brother elder Thomas Banyaca the prophecy of Pacal VOTAN, having sent him from Chile news of our mission at the beginning of the year. In Chile we could hear the pounding down from Hopi mesa to the Alchi valley there, so we knew that we had to come and see brother Thomas Banyaca.


I had met Thomas once or twice before; the first time was in 1972 when I heard him give the Hopi prophecy. From that time on, I carried the little booklet that told about the beginning of life to the Day of Purification that Dan Kachangra, the elder, had spokenand had had transcribed. It was clear from the communication we had from Thomas yesterday that it's now time for the people. The prophets have spoken, and it's about time for the people to speak, to arise and become the prophets of peace. Thomas said that everyone knows now what the score is, everyone knows what's going down, who is running the show, and that it's been going on for a long time. And everyone knows whether they like it or not.


Everybody remembers the prophecy of Dwight D. Eisenhower: "There will come a time when the military-industrial complex will be so strong and powerful that it can't be stopped; only the people will be able to stop them." Well, that time has come. That is why we are here.


The Harmonic Convergence was the first step to our coming to Sedona. And the Harmonic Convergence was based on the studies of the Mayan calendar, the Mayan mathematics and the Mayan prophecy. The book The Mayan Factor has a now-famous picture on its cover of the sarcophagus lid of Pacal VOTAN in Palenque. He has been referred to as the Astronaut of Palenque by some Russian in the 1970s who thought it looked like an astronaut at his controls (close, but no cigar). It is thanks to Pacal VOTAN that the Harmonic Convergence really came about, and it is thanks to him that I'm here right now.


Pacal VOTAN and His Tomb


Pacal VOTAN was the Mayan prophet who lived in the seventh century of this Christian era between the years 631 and 683. It took nine years after 683, when he disincarnated, to build the nine-leveled Temple of the Inscriptions at Palenque, and at the bottom of the temple in his tomb. His tomb was dedicated in the year 692. When the departure of the Maya took place in 830 A.D. at the end of the tenth baktun, no one knew about that tomb any longer.


One thousand years later, in the year 1692, letters were written between a couple of Benedictine or Franciscan monks living in Chiapas concerning a lost text called "The Trials of Pacal VOTAN." No one has ever found this text, but there's information in correspondence about it that tells us a little about Pacal VOTAN.


Pacal VOTAN, the letters said, was alive at the time of the building of the Tower of Babel, at the time of Noah, and was one of the prophets who followed Noah. It was Pacal VOTAN, they noted, who sailed from the old world to the new and founded the city of Palenque. It is also said that he traveled from a distant place called Valum Chivum, a star place, to this planet and built a tower. Beneath that tower was a rock, and Pacal VOTAN traveled through this rock by means of a serpent's ladder, and was said to have made four visits to this rock. This is what was told in the lost book of the tales of Pacal VOTAN.


In the same year, 1692, in the prophecies of the Chilam Balam, Juan Martinez, the shipwrecked sailor, tells the story of finding a golden house with four doors, nine levels and thirteen courtyards. If it were not for these two accounts about Pacal VOTAN, we would know very little of what we know today concerning time. In The Mayan Factor I refer to Pacal VOTAN as the head navigator of the Mayan technical expedition to planet Earth, which left behind keys and codes of time. Because of my description of him in The Mayan Factor, I was later rewarded for having understood this dimension of Pacal VOTAN.


In 1952 (when I was 13 years old) and archaeologist named Alberto Ruz discovered the tomb of Pacal VOTAN. He noticed a curious stone in the floor of the pyramid, Temple of the Inscriptions, at its top. He lifted up this stone in 1949 and saw some rubble and one other thing: a tube made out of something like ceramic tiles. Ruz said later on that if it had not been for that tube, he never would have removed the rubble. He started digging out the stairway that from the floor of the temple at the top of the pyramid down to the tomb and the sarcophagus below. As he dug out that rubble, he noticed that the tube ran all the way down into the tomb itself. He opened the huge door to that tomb on June 15, 1952. Ruz said it was awesome and mystical, because he knew that door hadn't been opened since 692. He said he could feel the breath of the last people who closed that door. He saw that that tube went right into the tomb. If it had not been for the tube, that tomb would not have been found!


hat was that tube? Alberto Ruz figured it was a speaking tube through which Pacal VOTAN functioned as an oracle speaking from the Earth to the temple above. This tube was called Telektonon, the Earth-spirit-speaking-tube.

I knew about this tomb, too; even before the Harmonic Convergence in 1987 we traveled to Palenque on guidance from Pacal VOTAN to perform a ceremony. We went to Palenque again in 1989 with our beloved (and befuddled) friend Hunbatz Men, who was able to get clearance with the Mexican government and the archeological institute INA to have ceremony at Palenque on March 12, 1989. It was the first time there had been ceremony there in many years -- perhaps a millennium. When we marched in with Aztec dancers and arrived at the Temple of Inscriptions, Hunbatz Men asked me to do the invocation. I did the invocation, the opening of Palenque, and then we didi a meditation on the steps. Afterward, brother Hunbatz asked me, "What did Pacal VOTAN say to you, brother Jose?" And I said, "Brother Hunbatz, Pacal VOTAN came to me and said that he was going to return, or that his information was going to return and in a form that would make it universally available for every human being on the planet, no matter whether they'd ever heard of Palenque or not." That was March 12, 1989, day Nine Star on the Dreamspell calendar.


From the Harmonic Convergence we knew that we had to keep working with the mathematical codes, and that the Harmonic Convergence proved that the prophecy was correct. What prophecy? The prophecy of the Harmonic Convergence. This is a living prophecy, the prophecy of the thirteen Heavens and the nine Hells. I had learned this from Tony Shearer, in his book Lord of the Dawn, published in 1971. (Tony is a Moab hiding out.) Tony gave me this information in 1970, saying that the thirteen Heavens and the nine Hells each had 52 years, the first of these cycles beginning in 843 A.D.

To review, Pacal VOTAN lived from 631 to 683 A.D. The closing of his tomb and its dedication was in 692 A.D. The seven generations (which is also part of the prophecy) were from 692 to 830 A.D., at the closing of the tenth baktun. The thirteen years of waiting ended in 843 A.D. at the beginning of the thirteen Heaven cycles, which ended August 16-17, 1987. What was to come after the nine Hell cycles? The Harmonic Convergence was the opening to the final cycle.


The Harmonic Convergence prophecy said that these dates (August 16 and 17, 1987) mark the beginning of the final 25 years of the 13-baktun cycle, the cycle of history that ran from 3113 B.C. to 2012 A.D. as well as the final 26 years of the 26,000 year cycle, to the beginning of the new cycle in 2013, a 25 to 26 year closeout. The prophecy said that if 144,000 people were able to greet the Sun on this day, August 16, and remain in meditation circles for these days, that would open the doors to saving the planet. The prophecy also said that only by returning to nature would we be able to save the planet. In other words, the Harmonic Convergence prophecy said that the age of materialism was now to be over, and that we were to return to nature somehow or another.


An Error In Time


Now, I'm a child of the 60s, and it was in the late 1960s that we had what's called the back-to-the-Earth-movement. It didn't last long. Sun-Bear lasted it: I was with him when we started this community back then near Grass Valley, his first one. People asked, "Does that mean that we give up Haagen Dazs?" What does it mean to return to the Earth? No one understood that; it was very hard to hear that part of the prophecy. Some said, "Ah, this is the beginning of the New Age." Well, the New Age had been a great marketing concept since 1987, but it wasn't a great marketing concept for me. I'm a dangerous person. '


After I got the message from Pacal VOTAN, back in March 1989, we knew we had to finish the codes. By the end of that year we had already let go of materialism, the first step. The second step was to continue to faithfully live the Mayan cycles and see if we could get that into this universal core.


We found ourselves, by destiny, in Geneva, Switzerland, in December 1989, visiting the Museum of Time. We were there for two hours on a cold Sunday morning, when Lloydine and I had the greatest mutual AHA! in all history.

The first stage of the mutual AHA! was telling the museum people that the Museum of Time is really the Museum of Mechanical Time.


I have been living the Mayan calendar faithfully every day for about five years, as a scientific experiment. In the works of Carlos Castenada you have to know the separate reality, you have to know, you have to have a texture of two different realities to know. We had our texture because we had dropped out. We had been living Mayan cycles on the island of Maui, and we now were in the Museum of Time in Geneva. We had made the discovery that what people think is time is totally erroneous. We are living an error in time; this is the message.


All of humanity at this moment, everyone here is wearing a watch, everyone here who believes that this reality is July 28, 1998 is living an error in time.


Because we knew the Mayan cycles, we could see this very clearly. We could see that mechanical times is based on an idea of movement in space, and space and time are two different things. We have to go back to a really basic level; we've been living a gross metaphysical error, and that's why our biosphere is about ready to die. Why? The mechanical clock is based on the division of space upon a two-dimensional plane in space. But that is not time; it's a concept, an illusion. That circle in space divided into twelve parts, the idea of the mechanical clock -- where did that come from? We're talking about bedrock levels of dogma, folks. Where did that division of twelve come from? '


It came from the same place your 12 month calendar came from. The 12 month calendar and your clock with the 12 units around it both came from Babylon, from the priests of the calends (that's how we get the word calendar). The Egyptians had created this geometry of the circle in space and the 12 divisions, 30 degrees each. Then the Babylonians took it and made a 12 month calendar out of it. It's not a lunar calendar, is it, the Gregorian calendar? It's not a solar calendar, either. (Yes, there's a counting of the 365 days and nights that the Earth makes around the Sun, but it's not a solar calendar.) What's February got to do with the solar cycle? Or March? "September" means "seventh month", but is it? Why do you follow an irrational, irregular thing like that, a medieval device that was created in Babylon 5000 years ago?

Clocks are based on the same thing. A division of space is not time! Space you can see on the texture of your watch, the dimensions of it. But time; you can't touch time. Time is of the mind and space is third-dimensional.


Mechanical time keeps you in the third dimension. We're all still here in our physical bodies, and we're all still wanting to get to the fourth dimension. Well, you can get to that ultimate vortex if you understand that first of all, we're all living in an error of time. We came back to Maui in 1990, and we wrote it up and had some of it sent to the Academy of Science in Moscow. They were very interested in it. We understood that the first thing we had to do to straighten out humanity is get them off this Gregorian calendar because it's a fundamental dogmatic belief and error. We tried telling people, but we didn't get very far. It's a very bad thing to communicate.


You have to understand that time is of the mind. No matter how independent you think you are, no matter how evolved or spiritual you think you think you are, sometime or another you still know it's, say, April, or perhaps "afternoon," because you've got an appointment. We understood that we're all hooked in and living in this. We had made a discovery of the Law f Time.


That law is very simple: It says that there is one timing frequency that unifies the whole galactic order, from its largest constituent to its smallest, most minute microbial part. This was the unified field theory that eluded Einstein. Time is the unifying field. Time is the unifying frequency that keeps it all together. Time is of the mind, it is the fourth dimension.

If you follow, or are hooked into via collective consciousness, a timing device that is irregular, inharmonic, based on no cycle of nature, artificial, connected with another device that is mechanistic and speeded up, that's what's going to happen to your mind , to your life, and to your civilization. The end result will be a disaster for the planet.


We're the only species not living according to our natural timing frequency. We're the only species that wears a watch. That might seem like a topological joke, but it's true. We're the only species that follows a calendar, a Gregorian calendar that is neither solar nor lunar.

Origins of the Gregorian Calendar


We use a Gregorian calendar, which came from Pope Gregory XIII, 1582, who took ten days out of time. On October 6 he went to bed, and woke up on October 16. It was a unilateral decision by the Vatican. Why? Because the Christian armies of Europe had pretty well conquered most of the indigenous peoples on the planet and needed to have a mental time framing device for imposing all their new religious holidays.


The papal edict of 1452 called the Doctrine of Discovery paved the way by announcing that if any Christian discovered a land occupied by non-Christians, the Christian had the right to confiscate that land. That was the beginning of real estate. And the indigenous peoples have always been the losers. Once the Church enacted the Doctrine of Discovery during the Age of Discovery, then in 1582 it was followed by Pope Gregory's new artificial calendar, which we all use today. Within 200 years everybody in Europe and the colonies was using it; it's the calendar of colonialism. The U.N. says the 90s is the decade to end colonialism. Well, one way would be by getting rid of his calendar, because it's a belief system you're going to get rid of. By the beginning of the 20th century this calendar was used by every people on the planet. Why? Because every single bank is based on this calendar: mortgages, interest rates, everything is based on it. Every single law that exists by any government in the 20th century is based on this calendar.


We first proposed getting rid of this calendar in 1992. We had come up with the "Dreamspell," which is actually the mathematics of fourth-dimensional time. Albert Einstein stated that time is the fourth dimension, but he couldn't tell you how to get there or what that meant. Why? Because all the mathematics we had were the mathematics of space, the mathematics of the third dimension. Why do we live in a materialist world? Why are we captured on the material plane? Why are we still denizens of the prison of the physical plane? Because we don't know what time it is. And what's worse, we're imprisoned by a false time, an artificial time. This false time that we call the 12:60 time has a 12 month year and a 60 minute hour. This 12:60 time is the artificial time, and we're the only species that lives by it.


We're also the only species destroying our planet. We have come across the error in time that is the fundamental error at the root of all our problems. If we solve this error, we will have taken the first step toward the rapid solution to everything that's bothering us on this planet today. This is the message and we are the messengers. The true timing frequency is the 13:20.


[Lloydine:] I wish to talk about the natural timing frequency of 13:20. At the root of 13 is a woman's menstrual cycle. So women have biologically held the natural cycle, the solar calendar cycle of 28 day cycle that occurs 13 times per year. Multiply that 13 by 28 days, and you have 364 days. That extra day is called the Free Day. The cycle of 13:20 was used by the Maya in their sacred calendar, the Tzol'Kin. Twenty is our base of numbering, because we have a total of 20 fingers and toes. The decimal system is based only on our hands. Because we have 20 digits, 13:20 is the natural timing frequency.


Harmonic Convergence II


[Jose:] In 1992 Sedona came up on our TV screen again when we watched Dan Rather on July 26 and saw that Harmonic Convergence II was taking place here in Sedona -- another reason for our being here now. We understood at that time that the purpose of the Harmonic Convergence II was to set the calendar in order. By the end of 1992 and 1993 I was receiving more "calls" from Pacal VOTAN. He had written a number texts including Harmonic Convergence:


The Inside Story; The Treatise On Time; and the Story of Time. We sent all these manuscripts to a major publisher who was also our agent. The editor of this publishing company was very much in favor of all our work.


We had had some feeling already that our communiques were not being well received by the powers that be, especially since we were calling for a return to the old time and an end to money, because the philosophy of mechanical time is Time Is Money. You can't do anything without it, it's true. Why do we live in materialism? Because every single value that exists is pro-rated -- that's materialism. We learned that my name was being black-listed and that no one was going to publish any of my new works. And we realized that we should just keep moving.


We'd been lying very low as it was; in early 1993 we moved onto the big island of Hawaii, where we have generous patrons. We were there on July 26, 1993 (July 26 is the solar galactic synchronization date, when the third and fourth dimensional cycles hook up. When we talk about the fourth dimensional cycle, we're referring to cycles of time that are mentally knowable. Once something is mentally knowable, it is livable.) So on this day, which was the day of Magnetic Seed, Kin 144 (which of course is the mystic Harmonic Convergence number again), July 26, 1993 yours truly received a manuscript from a dear friend in Mexico. Tynetta came to Hawaii to deliver a manuscript which at first I looked at very skeptically. It had been published in Cuba in 1970 and was supposedly a lost Mayan text. I began to read it and had very profound experiences -- the most profound altered-state experiences I had every known were triggered simply by reading this text. It stirred up deep memories, and soon after, I began to receive the prophecy of Pacal VOTAN -- the Telektonon. The Telektonon of Pacal VOTAN is the last prophecy; because the cycle ends in 2012/2013, it's the last prophecy for the cycle.

The prophecy itself says that if we don't "get it," we going to lose our biosphere. On the right hand of this map it shows that Earth had a population explosion after the Machine Age began in 1753; the population doubled in only 90 years, and doubled again in another 90 years. Since 1930, it's nearly tripled. The invention of the clock and the adoption of the Gregorian calendar occurred in the same year, 1582. The scientific revolution began in 1618, and its byword was that God was a clock-maker and the universe His giant clock. The scientist's mission was to figure out how the universe works and create the Industrial Revolution. Modern materialism was born this way.


And what we don't understand but have to understand right now is that with the discovery of the Law of Time, when we entered the age of industrialism, we attempted to set our DNA to a machine frequency, 12:60. That's why the population exploded, and it's still exploding: because we're trying to keep up with the machines. We can make machines faster than we can make ourselves, so we try to make ourselves faster to keep up with our machine production. If you can become a galactic anthropologist and travel around the planet, you can see what's going on. We are the bees: ultimately, we fornicate so the machines may flower -- Toyota! Chrysler! -- all of them, every year more of them. Why? Santiago, Chile gets 50,000 more automobiles every month! Between May and December 1994, Rio de Janeiro had another 100,000 cars on its streets. We were there and we couldn't walk.


We've reached the point that's technically called the biogeochemical combustion. But the biosphere is a finite, limited thing. It can take only so much stress. And we're increasing our population by a quarter million every day. And another 200 species become extinct at our expense. The biosphere lives by a type of tensegrity, the pressure of species, so that when one species dominates, artificially creating biogeochemical combustion, we have an imbalance in the biosphere. Our species is racing to maintain itself in an artificial timing frequency that no other species here maintains.


The Last Prophecy


I began to receive the prophecy of Pacal VOTAN in 1993, and it's the last prophecy because of this situation. The prophecy simply says that we are living an error in time. Because of this error in time you are all living in the Tower of Babel. But you can change your way simply by eliminating the Gregorian calendar and immediately adopting the 13 moon, 28 day calendar, which is an actual, biological, and solar timing frequency. It's harmonic, it's regular, it's in tune with the biosphere and the planet and the Sun. It's in tune with the fourth-dimensional timing frequency, which is bringing the galactic culture fast. And the only escape from materialism is galactic culture.


We began receiving this prophecy from Pacal VOTAN in August 1993, and we knew we had to go immediately to Mexico. We knew the time was right to leave the Hawaiian Islands and the United States, so we left everything we had. We haven't been on the mainland of the United States for three years; Sedona's our second stop. Because of the situation regarding the ideas of Jose Arguelles in this country, we consider ourselves to have been in exile for three years.


We arrived in Mexico and there was a great deal of interest in our work. We spent four or five very intense months there. The prophecy of Pacal VOTAN was completed on Gregorian calendar date January 22, 1994 (day 12 Seed); the written part of the prophecy was received in the nine-day period from about January 13 through 22. I've received a vision from Pacal VOTAN -- incidentally, my relationship to Pacal VOTAN is very special -- and I hasten to add that the telepathic communication with Pacal VOTAN probably lasted no more than 30 seconds, but because it is so fast, it accomplishes much.


The video, peace plan, and the prophecy are all available from Terra-Metara Distribution, P.O. Box 2945, Sedona, AZ 86339-2945. When you receive these materials, please do your part to help get the message around the world.

Share them with everyone you know, and enjoy.



The period 3,500 BC to the birth of Christ saw a development of religious understanding which climaxed in the powerful symbological aspects of the recorded details of the life of Christ. I say this from a scientific and psycho-social perspective rather than an expressly Christian one. In deference to those uncomfortable with a Christian identification --who can validly regard Christ as an expression of the Christ-nature of man.

We can regard the lifetime of Christ therefore as the conception of the Christ nature. The two thousand year period since then can be regarded as the gestation period of that Christ nature. As we move now into the so-called Aquarian era we can expect archetypal symbols which express that movement and change.


The entry of the comet into the solar system, in symbolic terms is analogous to the entry of the sperm cell through the cell wall into the ovum itself. Both are the penetration of the circle. Then the sweep of the comet towards the sun is analogous to the movement of the sperm towards the center of the ovum to fuse with the cellular DNA and complete the conception.


The electrical discharge between the comet and sun represents the moment of completion of conception and is seen in art most graphically by the fingers of God and man meeting --in the Creation of Man by Michelangelo.



Note that the fingers do not actually touch --but come close enough for that "spark" to leap the gap. This is not only an artistic device but is a matter of practical electric's. For example, this is what enables an automobile to ignite compressed gasoline and air by means of a spark plug. (See: http://www.greatdreams.com/godway.htm




We could happily divert here to talk in detail about the psycho-symbolic ramifications of the 20th century proliferation of hydrocarbon fuel-pressure-spark driven metal containers called cars. The metal of the automobile is akin to the armor of the knight and must be removed as Lancelet removed his armor to make love to Guenivere . So you can wave good-bye to the automobile -no matter what geopolitical significance gas may have presently. All this is a rich symbolic landscape in itself -but let's continue with our analysis of the comet.

The sun-comet spark is revisiting the conception of the Christ nature. Taking us back 2,000 years in symbolic terms. But there will not be another 2,000 year wait for the birth. In the speeded up perceptions of the modern era the wait will be much shorter. A new birth approaches. And the planets are already dancing to it's command.


Now this last statement might outrage those scientists mired in a deterministic view that ascribes to planets or comets no hint of psycho-spiritual motivations. What could lumps of rock care about the mind of man? Such attitude is the mark of a fool. How fallen is the mind behind the popular prevalent science.


There is nothing -shall we say- "airy-fairy" about this symbolic analysis. It is rooted not only in the archetypal analysis of Jung, but in the science of the space-hyperspace dynamic. Which is as "hard" a science as any rationalist could demand -though little understood.

Modern science has relegated humankind to a place as a lucky accidental development on an obscure planet in an obscure corner of a vast galacti\=]


firmament. What complete rubbish. Humanity is the center of the universe. And that is why the planets, stars and this NEAT comet all obey the laws of human development.


In fact, the stars are more like backdrop behind the stage of life here on Earth. Simply props to be wheeled about at will by the whims of human requirements. If this sounds strange then that simply shows how pervasive was the brainwashing of the modern era on our understanding.

In fact, the apparently vast galactic distances are an illusion. Everything that happens in the galaxy happens within the view and purview of man. If a supernova erupts on the other side of the universe -you can still see it from your own back yard. But it's light years away proclaims the scientist! What is light then but the vision of man's life? And what are years but the measure of it?


Hyperspace is wrapped around every point in space-time. And every point in space-time. is simultaneously wrapped around hyperspace. Which renders not only time an illusion -but space as well. Both are a perceptual illusion as transparent as the one which makes actors come alive at twelve frames a second on the cinema screen. Your eyes can't see faster than those twelfth of a second gaps. So you smooth the jerks of the projector gate into a fluid motion.


If you cannot see faster than a twelfth of a second what hope have you of seeing the oscillation of the spacetime-hyperspace system at speed of light times speed of light? That's how quickly the universe switches from every space-time. point being encapsulated by hyperspace to it's alternate: all of hyperspace being encapsulated in every point of space-time.


Distance is no object. And no object is distant. Not only are we not separated from the stars, we are not even separated from each other. We inhabit one body -we are one body. But don't tell the cinema audience. The illusion must be maintained. The Matrix must mold.

The comet did not interact with the Sun 93 million miles away. Because the Sun is right here on Earth. The globes of Earth, Moon and Sun all coexist in the same place in Hyperspace as assuredly as every-body inhabits the same body of space -or space of body. The astronauts did not need to journey to the moon -for they already walk on it's surface during every night's low-gravity dreams.



And the circle of the Sun is not a billion times larger than the circle of the ovum of a human female. It is the same size. Size doesn't matter you see. The circle of the ovum wall is the same size as the Sun. The circle of the moon surface is the same size as the lunar-cycle activated ovum. And the inner is the outer light squared times a second.


MORE AT:  http://www.greatdreams.com/1950DA.htm


MORE TIMES IS AN ILLUSTION ARTICLES  http://www.google.com/#q=site:greatdreams.com++time+illusion&hl=en&prmd=imvns&ei=aqj2TvumCebZiALCy622Dg&start=10&sa=N&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.,cf.osb&fp=b8d322e0da94c9f9&biw=1555&bih=874




The Babylonian system of mathematics was sexagesimal (base-60) numeral system. From this we derive the modern day usage of 60 seconds in a minute, 60 minutes in an hour, and 360 degrees in a circle. The Babylonians were able to make great advances in mathematics for two reasons. Firstly, the number 60 is a Highly composite number, having divisors 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30 and 60, facilitating calculations with fractions. Additionally, unlike the Egyptians and Romans, the Babylonians and Indians had a true place-value system, where digits written in the left column represented larger values (much as in our base ten system: 734 = 7×100 + 3×10 + 4×1). The Sumerians and Babylonians were pioneers in this respect.






The Babylonian number system had a base of sixty, inherited from the Sumerian and Akkadian civilizations, and possibly motivated by the large number of divisors which 60 has. The sexagesimal measurement of time and of geometric angles is a legacy of the Babylonian system.

The number system in the Mali Empire was also based on sixty (this is reflected in the counting system of the Maasina Fulfulde, a variant of the Fula language spoken in contemporary Mali).[2] The Ekagi of Western New Guinea have also used base 60,[3] and the sexagenary cycle also plays a role in Chinese calendar and numerology.

In German: Schock and in Latin: sexagena refer to 60 = 5 dozen = 1/2 small gross. This quantity was used in international medieval treaties e.g. for ransom of captured Teutonic Knights.

[edit] In religion

In the Bible, the number 60 occurs several times, for example as the age of Isaac when Jacob and Esau were born,[4] and the number of warriors escorting King Solomon.[5]

In the laws of kashrut of Judaism, 60 is also the proportion (60:1) of kosher to non-kosher ingredients which can render an admixture kosher post-facto.[6]

In Islam, 60 is mentioned only once in the holy Koran: "..he should feed sixty indigent ones.."[7], yet 60 is mentioned many times in the Hadith, most notably Muhammad being reported to say, "..Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, created Adam in His own image with His length of sixty cubits.."[8]

[edit] In other fields

Sixty is:





SHIRLEY BASSEY SINGS THE JAMES BOND SONG  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d3KdY_rm1SE


In mineralogy, diamond (from the ancient Greek αδάμας – adámas "unbreakable") is an allotrope of carbon, where the carbon atoms are arranged in a variation of the face-centered cubic crystal structure called a diamond lattice. Diamond is less stable than graphite, but the conversion rate from diamond to graphite is negligible at ambient conditions. Diamond is renowned as a material with superlative physical qualities, most of which originate from the strong covalent bonding between its atoms. In particular, diamond has the highest hardness and thermal conductivity of any bulk material. Those properties determine the major industrial application of diamond in cutting and polishing tools.

Diamond has remarkable optical characteristics. Because of its extremely rigid lattice, it can be contaminated by very few types of impurities, such as boron and nitrogen. Combined with wide transparency, this results in the clear, colorless appearance of most natural diamonds. Small amounts of defects or impurities (about one per million of lattice atoms) color diamond blue (boron), yellow (nitrogen), brown (lattice defects), green (radiation exposure), purple, pink, orange or red. Diamond also has relatively high optical dispersion (ability to disperse light of different colors), which results in its characteristic luster. Excellent optical and mechanical properties, combined with efficient marketing, make diamond the most popular gemstone.

Most natural diamonds are formed at high-pressure high-temperature conditions existing at depths of 140 to 190 kilometers (87 to 120 mi) in the Earth mantle. Carbon-containing minerals provide the carbon source, and the growth occurs over periods from 1 billion to 3.3 billion years (25% to 75% of the age of the Earth). Diamonds are brought close to the Earth surface through deep volcanic eruptions by a magma, which cools into igneous rocks known as kimberlites and lamproites. Diamonds can also be produced synthetically in a high-pressure high-temperature process which approximately simulates the conditions in the Earth mantle. An alternative, and completely different growth technique is chemical vapor deposition (CVD). Several non-diamond materials, which include cubic zirconia and silicon carbide and are often called diamond simulants


The name diamond is derived from the ancient Greek αδάμας (adámas), "proper", "unalterable", "unbreakable", "untamed", from ἀ- (a-), "un-" + δαμάω (damáō), "I overpower", "I tame".[3] Diamonds are thought to have been first recognized and mined in India, where significant alluvial deposits of the stone could be found many centuries ago along the rivers Penner, Krishna and Godavari. Diamonds have been known in India for at least 3,000 years but most likely 6,000 years.[4]

Diamonds have been treasured as gemstones since their use as religious icons in ancient India. Their usage in engraving tools also dates to early human history.[5][6] The popularity of diamonds has risen since the 19th century because of increased supply, improved cutting and polishing techniques, growth in the world economy, and innovative and successful advertising campaigns.[7]

In 1772, Antoine Lavoisier used a lens to concentrate the rays of the sun on a diamond in an atmosphere of oxygen, and showed that the only product of the combustion was carbon dioxide, proving that diamond is composed of carbon. Later in 1797, Smithson Tennant repeated and expanded that experiment. By demonstrating that burning diamond and graphite releases the same amount of gas he established the chemical equivalence of these substances.[8]

The most familiar use of diamonds today is as gemstones used for adornment, a use which dates back into antiquity. The dispersion of white light into spectral colors is the primary gemological characteristic of gem diamonds. In the 20th century, experts in gemology have developed methods of grading diamonds and other gemstones based on the characteristics most important to their value as a gem. Four characteristics, known informally as the four Cs, are now commonly used as the basic descriptors of diamonds: these are carat, cut, color, and clarity.[9] A large, flawless diamond is known as a paragon.


Cullinan diamond is the largest rough gem-quality diamond ever found, at 3,106.75 carats (621.35 g).[1]

The largest polished gem from the stone is named Cullinan I or the Great Star of Africa, and at 530.4 carats (106.1 g)[2] was the largest polished diamond in the world until the 1985 discovery of the Golden Jubilee Diamond, 545.67 carats (109.13 g), also from the Premier Mine. Cullinan I is now mounted in the head of the Sceptre with the Cross. The second largest gem from the Cullinan stone, Cullinan II or the Lesser Star of Africa, at 317.4 carats (63.5 g), is the fourth largest polished diamond in the world. Both gems are in the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom.


The Cullinan diamond was found by Thomas Evan Powell, a miner who brought it to the surface and gave it to Frederick Wells, surface manager of the Premier Diamond Mining Company in Cullinan, on January 26, 1905. The stone was named after Sir Thomas Cullinan, the owner of the diamond mine.

Sir William Crookes performed an analysis of the Cullinan diamond before it was cut and mentioned its remarkable clarity, but also a black spot in the middle. The colours around the black spot were very vivid and changed as the analyzer was turned. According to Crookes, this pointed to internal strain.[3] Such strain is not uncommon in diamonds.

The stone was bought by the Transvaal government and presented to King Edward VII on his birthday.[4][5] It was cut into three large parts by Asscher Brothers of Amsterdam, and eventually into 9 large gem-quality stones and a number of smaller fragments. At the time, technology had not yet evolved to guarantee quality of the modern standard, and cutting the diamond was considered difficult and risky. In order to enable Asscher to cut the diamond in one blow, an incision was made, half an inch deep. Then, a specifically designed knife was placed in the incision and the diamond was split in one heavy blow. The diamond split through a defective spot, which was shared in both halves of the diamond.[6]


In 1905, transport from South Africa to England posed a security problem. Detectives from London were placed on a steamboat that was rumoured to carry the stone, but this was a diversionary tactic. The stone on that ship was a fake, meant to attract those who would be interested in stealing it. The actual diamond was sent to England in a plain box via parcel post, albeit registered.[7]

The story goes that when the diamond was split, the knife broke during the first attempt. "The tale is told of Joseph Asscher, the greatest cleaver of the day," wrote Matthew Hart in his book Diamond: A Journey to the Heart of an Obsession, "that when he prepared to cleave the largest diamond ever known, the 3,106 carats (621 g) Cullinan, he had a doctor and nurse standing by and when he finally struck the diamond and it broke perfectly in two, he fainted dead away." It turns out the fainting story is a popular myth. Diamond historian Lord Ian Balfour wrote that Asscher was a very accomplished and competent cleaver, and that it was much more likely he opened a bottle of champagne, instead.

Rumours abound of a "second half" of the Cullinan diamond. According to Sir William Crookes the original, uncut diamond was itself "a fragment, probably less than half, of a distorted octahedral crystal; the other portions still await discovery by some fortunate miner."[5] Crookes thus indirectly indicates that the original, larger crystal broke in a natural way and not by a man-made cut. Others[who?] have speculated that before Frederick Wells sold the diamond to Sir Thomas Cullinan he broke off a piece which sized in at about 1,500 carats (300 g) to 2,000 carats (400 g).[citation needed]

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