THE KOREAN LEADER
Kim Jong Il
IS AMERICA GOING TO BE ATTACKED?
compiled by Dee Finney
No sign of North Korean leader during key holiday
September 15, 2008
KOREAN LEADER KIM JUNG IL DIES - DECEMBER 17,2011
In this Korean Central News Agency's undated
photo released Aug. 14, 2008 by Korea News Service in Tokyo, North
Korea's leader Kim Jong Il, left, inspects women troop at an
undisclosed place in North Korea. Speculation that Kim Jong Il may
have become ill intensified after he missed a parade Tuesday,
Sept. 9, 2008 commemorating the communist state's founding 60
years ago. Kim has been absent from public view since mid-August.
(AP Photo/Korean Central News Agency via Korea News Service)
(Copyright 2008 The Associated Press
North Korea's Kim 'has collapsed'
The North Korean leader, Kim Jong-il,
"almost certainly" has health problems, a South Korean
government official has told the country's Yonhap news agency.
The official said Mr Kim had collapsed, but did not say
when or how serious his condition was. He said he had not died.
But a North Korea official denied the reports, calling
The reclusive leader failed to appear at a triumphant
military parade on Tuesday in the capital, Pyongyang, to
celebrate his state's 60th anniversary.
Earlier, Western intelligence officials said Kim Jong-il
might have suffered a stroke.
An unnamed US intelligence official told reporters on
Tuesday: "It does appear that Kim Jong-Il has had a health
setback, possibly a stroke."
The official said Kim appeared to have become ill in "the
last couple of weeks".
A good friend called me first thing this morning to tell me she had sent
me a terrifying dream in an e-mail. It follows:
I had a dream last night... woke up terrified
at exactly 1:11.......
2-27-03 - Dream....
Stan, the kids and I were living some place warm
in a big condo complex... It was early morning and the sun was just
coming up. I was lying in bed, with my eyes closed, just dozing, when
I heard a loud roar that seemed to be kind of far away. I thought to
myself that it was low flying fighter jets flying side by side. Oddly
enough, it made me feel safe because it was like our area was being
guarded. So I didn't even bother to open my eyes.
Next, there was silence for a short while ...
just a few moments or maybe even not more than 10 seconds in the dream.
Then was a sharp bang sound followed by a long long rumbling roar.
It really didn't sound right, but in the dream state I was in inside the
dream, I thought it must be a really big plane flying over head the broke
the sound barrier (the bang) and was kicking back it's engines to slow down
(the long roar). After that long roar stopped, everything went silent
again and I started to go back to sleep in the dream.
THEN ... there was a bang at the door. Stan
got up to get it. I got up too. Stan went to the door and it
was our neighbor (not in real life, just in the dream). Stan and I
knew him and his wife well. They were a older couple. I knew
his name in the dream, but can't recall it now. He said to Stan he
was sorry to wake him up, but he needed some help. He was on his way
to work and suddenly his car went dead on the road and wanted to know if
Stan could go out and have a look at it.
Stan remarked that it was odd because it was a
new car. The guy then said he was very upset because it was a
new car.. then he remarked something about it being the day for dead cars
because he has seen several other cars on the road all lost power at
the same time. It was really strange.
Stan didn't seem to catch what he said, cause
he was getting dressed and putting his shoes on. But I did.
I remembered the sounds and thought about a bunch
of cars losing their power at the same time and realized that something was
terribly wrong. I quickly put on the TV.
Some of the channels were off all together and
they were just static. The ones that were working were showing a picture
of a long , thin room that had a big L shaped table in it ... the L was rounded
so it looked almost like a ? but not as curvy ... It was going up the
left side of the room and turning across to the right in the far end of the
room. (as you are looking at it) The table was bare, and white
and looked like it was plastic.
The room itself had very little room on either
side of the table. Behind the far end of the table was a cove where
there were some kitchen appliances like in a butlers pantry type of thing
... or maybe they were not kitchen appliances, but it was hard to see what
they were for sure.
Sitting at the far end of the table was that Korean
leader (Kim Jong Il ). He was sitting
there, not moving and looking really emotionally empty ... with blank eyes
and no expression on his face. He was dressed in khaki drab clothes.
There was no sound at all ... like the audio of the channels were off.
I thought that was weird ... I kept thinking it must be Saddam Hussein, but
it wasn't.. it was hard for me to believe it was that Korean guy.
I changed channel after channel and that was on
every channel that was on ... some channels were just static.
Eventually I found a channel that had sound.
A woman's voice that sounded like it could have been Greta Van Susteren in
tears was saying ... "This is clearly the most
terrible, heinous thing to ever happen to the human race.
The death toll is sure to be in the millions and millions. The devastation
is unimaginable ... then the audio went out.
I yelled to Stan to stop, not to go outside yet,
to come see the TV.
Then I picked up the phone to call people I knew
to see if they were ok. When I did, rather than a dial tone, I got
a tape recording on the phone that said:
............"The telephone system is under control
of the emergency broadcast system. The California State Emergency
Management Agency has issued the following warning to all residents.
Stay inside your homes. Under no circumstances go onto Route
2. All roads must remain open for emergency vehicles
only. Please turn your radio to (it gave a channel I can't
recall) for further details" ........... Then it started over
ED NOTE: ( Route 2 is from: (a) The point
where Santa Monica Boulevard crosses the city limits of the City of Santa
Monica at Centinela Avenue to Route 101 in Los Angeles.)
I screamed "Oh My GOD!" and handed the
phone to Stan who looked like he couldn't believe his ears.. he handed the
phone to the guy who said "Holy Christ! I have to get home to the wife!"
and he ran off.
Stan hung up the phone and I looked over to the
children's bedrooms where they were still sound asleep.
The TV channel that was on was still showing that
Korean leader, and the audio came back on and it was just this strange, kind
of oriental flute music playing. The whole thing hit me and I
became totally TERRIFIED!!!
I woke up at that moment I was in my own home
in bed in the middle of the night, looking at the clock, I could still hear
the flute music faintly playing in my head for a minute or two more..
.like the song had to end before the music stopped.
Then I turned on the TV just for a moment and
realized that nothing had happened... so I shut it off... then did my best
to go back to sleep.
The feeling was HORRIBLE ... and very real ...
It took a long time to go back to sleep.
Wellllll... that was my dream.
N. Korea Leader: 'Burn With Hatred' Against U.S.
Nation's Leader Celebrates Birthday
POSTED: 10:22 a.m. EST February 16, 2003
SEOUL, North Korea -- North Korea's leader is urging his people to hate
America as they mark his birthday.
Kim Jong Il told the military to be on alert and implored North Koreans
to "burn with hatred" against the United States.
The anti-U.S. message in a state-run newspaper appeared at the height
of government-orchestrated celebrations for Kim's 61st birthday, which included
festivals, speeches and calls for patriotism.
The North Korean report, monitored by a South Korean news agency, says
the United States is pushing its nuclear dispute with the North "to the brink
Copyright 2003 by The Associated Press. All rights reserved.
The Effects of a Nuclear Bomb Explosion on the Inhabitants of a City/PGS
by Alan F. Phillips, M.D., D.M.R.T.
The detonation of a single nuclear bomb or "warhead" would cause a local
disaster on a scale that few people in the world have seen and survived.
However, it should not be confused with the effects of a nuclear war, in
which many nuclear bombs would be exploded. That would cause the end of
civilization in the countries concerned, and perhaps over the whole world,
as well as radioactive contamination of whole continents, and terrible damage
to the environment and ecology.
The effect of a single bomb would depend on its power, and where it exploded
-- high in the air or at ground level -- and whether in a densely populated
and built-up area like a city or in open country like an attack on a missile
The nuclear bombs available to the great military powers of the world
(China, France, Israel, Russia, United Kingdom, United States) range in power
from several megatons down to a few kilotons (and some even smaller).
A "megaton" is the explosive power of one million tons of TNT (1). A "kiloton"
is the power of one thousand tons of TNT. Bombs likely to be available to
terrorist organizations or governments other than the great military powers
would be in the 10- to 100-kiloton range. Bombs made by amateurs might not
explode with the full power they were designed for.
The two bombs that have been exploded over cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki
in Japan in August 1945, were in the ten- to twenty-kiloton range.
(1) TNT stands for tri-nitro-toluene, a high explosive commonly used in
shells and bombs throughout the Second World War. Weight for weight, its
explosive power is roughly equal to that of dynamite.]
A ONE-MEGATON BOMB DETONATED IN THE AIR
First, we will look at the result of a single bomb of one megaton detonated
at an altitude of 2,500 metres above a city, to cause maximum blast effects.
This is believed to have been a main part of the targeting strategy of the
Soviet Union and the United States during the "Cold War". The Russian and
U.S. governments have stated that missiles would not remain targeted on cities.
However, thousands of missiles and warheads are still deployed. They could
be targeted on any city in the world in a matter of minutes, and re-targeted
to their original targets in seconds.
Flash and fireball
The first effect of a nuclear explosion in the air is an intense flash
of light, as quick as a lightning flash but a thousand times as bright. It
is accompanied by a powerful pulse of heat radiation, sufficient to set fire
to light combustible material out to a distance of fourteen km., and to paint
or wood at half that distance. There is also an intense pulse of X-rays,
sufficient to be lethal at a distance of three km.; in fact that would be
a rather small factor, since people that close would all or nearly all be
killed by the blast that follows.
Immediately after the flash, a "fireball" forms in the air and rises for
several seconds, blindingly bright and radiating much heat. On a clear day
or night, people up to eighty km. away who happened to be facing that way,
or who turned their eyes to look where the flash came from, would be temporarily
or permanently blinded.
Within ten km. of "ground zero" (which is the point directly under the
explosion) all parts of the body exposed to the flash would be burned deeply
into the flesh. Superficial burns would be caused at greater distances, out
to fifteen km. at least. Clothing that caught fire would cause many more
burns. The weather conditions prevailing, and the time of day the bomb exploded,
would both influence the degrees of damage. For example, the radii for skin
burns and blindness would depend on the weather. Mist or fog reduces the
range of the heat and light rays; on the other hand, darkness dilates the
pupils of the eyes increasing the probability of severe eye damage from the
Starting at the same instant, but travelling more slowly (like the sound
of thunder following a lightning flash) is an enormously powerful blast wave.
It would destroy even reinforced concrete buildings for a radius of two km.,
and ordinary brick or timber frame houses out to eight km. Major damage to
houses would extend out to fourteen km., and windows would be broken at twenty
or thirty km. People at a distance, if they realized what had happened when
they saw the flash, would have a few seconds to lie down, or even to dive
into a ditch or hollow, before the blast hit.
Within three km., almost everyone would be killed, either directly by
the blast or by collapsing or flying masonry. At eight km., it is estimated
that about fifty per cent of people would be killed by the effects of the
Immediately following the blast wave would be hurricane force winds, first
outwards from the explosion, and many seconds later inwards to replace the
air that went out. Within four km., the wind would be of tornado force, six
hundred km./hr., sufficient to drive straws into wooden utility poles or
glass splinters into people, but of course over a much wider area than a
tornado. People in the open would be picked up and hurled into any object
strong enough to be still standing.
Many fires would have been started by the first flash. Burst fuel tanks,
gas mains, and collapsed buildings would provide more fuel, and it is likely
that confluent fires would cause a "firestorm". This is when coalescent fires
cause sufficient updraft to form their own wind, blowing inwards from all
sides and thereby increasing the intensity of the fire. The temperature even
in basements and bomb shelters rises above lethal levels, and all available
oxygen is used by the fire.
The wind blowing inwards is of gale force, so that even strong uninjured
people would have difficulty walking or trying to run outwards away from
Delayed Radiation ("fallout")
A nuclear explosion, as well as giving off a great pulse of radiation
at the time, leaves everything in the vicinity radioactive. In the case of
an "air-burst" as just described, most of the radioactive products would
be gaseous, or completely vaporized, and would rise with the fireball and
come down slowly, if at all. There might be a rainstorm containing radioactivity,
as there was at Hiroshima; and the rubble within a kilometre or two of the
ground zero would be radioactive. This might hamper later rescue efforts,
and affect the very few survivors from that central area, but would not be
a major factor.
In any nuclear bomb explosion, a large fraction (a minimum of one-third)
of the original fissile material (plutonium or U-235) does not get destroyed.
This would result in widespread contamination, increasing the late risk of
cancer for those who survived ten to twenty years. (These amounts of plutonium
and uranium would have no immediate toxic effects.)
If the bomb exploded squarely over the centre of a city, no rescue services
within the area of major structural damage would be able to function. All
down-town hospitals would be destroyed, and there would be no electricity,
water, or telephone communication in the area served by city utilities.
Rescue services from outside would be hampered by impassable roads and
the central area of severe damage would be inaccessible. The number of injured
in the peripheral area would be so great that emergency services of surrounding
cities would be completely overloaded, as would be any surviving suburban
hospitals and all the hospitals of neighbouring cities. Even to be seen by
a doctor and given analgesics, the injured from one city would need to be
distributed among all the hospitals of North America.
The destroyed city would be radioactive. Decisions to attempt rescue work
would depend first on a survey of the area by a specialist team with appropriate
protection, and then on a policy decision as to how much radiation the rescue
teams should be permitted. Willingness of the team members and their unions
to accept the risk would be a final factor.
The estimates for a city of one million or two million struck by a single
one-megaton bomb are that around one third of the inhabitants would be killed
instantly or fatally injured, one third seriously injured, and the rest uninjured
or only slightly injured. That number of injured, if they could be distributed
throughout the hospitals of North America, would occupy something like a
third of the total number of beds; and of course no hospital can deal adequately
with such an influx of urgent cases within a few days.
There might be fifty times as many cases of severe burns as there are
burn beds in the whole of North America. A whole year's supply of blood for
transfusion would be needed immediately, and of course is not available in
storage nor could it be collected from volunteers in a few days.
The injured who reached hospitals would have to be assayed for radioactivity,
for the safety of the staff, which would cause a serious bottle-neck and
delay in most hospitals.
The result of this huge overload of cases is that most of the injured
would die, even though prompt treatment might have saved them. Relatively
few would even get reached by rescue teams before they were moribund or dead;
the majority would probably die in hours or days without any analgesic, and
without food, water, or any assistance.
A ONE-MEGATON BOMB DETONATED AT GROUND LEVEL
If the bomb exploded at ground level instead of high above the city, the
main difference would be an enormous crater four hundred metres across and
seventy metres deep. All the dirt, rock, or masonry excavated would be made
into radioactive dust and small debris. The larger particles would quickly
descend in the immediate vicinity, and the finer particles and dust would
descend in minutes or hours, mainly downwind from the site of the
The radiation dose to people exposed to this fallout would depend upon
many factors, and would be enough to be lethal to anyone in the open or in
a frame house for several hundred kilometres downwind. A simple basement
"fallout shelter" would afford good protection. It would be necessary to
spend a week or more in a fall-out shelter, and it would be impossible to
judge when it would be safe to leave without a radiation survey meter or
advice from public health authorities.
The area of blast damage would be smaller by perhaps a half, compared
with an air-burst, though an earthquake effect would add to structural damage
to buildings. The number of immediate deaths might be about half of those
from an air-burst, but unless survivors could find protection from fall-out
there would be many deaths from radiation sickness days or weeks after the
A TEN-KILOTON BOMB DETONATED AT GROUND LEVEL
If a bomb in the 10- to 20-kiloton range (the likeliest terrorist bomb)
were to be exploded near ground level or in a ship in the harbour, the areas
of blast, heat, and burn damage would be much smaller, perhaps reaching out
to only one-tenth of the distances estimated for the one-megaton air-burst.
The numbers of immediately killed and severely injured people would be counted
in thousands, not hundreds of thousands.
Exploded on land, the bomb would vaporize all people and buildings in
the immediate vicinity, and make a crater that might be as much as one hundred
metres in diameter. If in the harbour, there would be a crater in the harbour
floor and a tidal wave. The outstanding feature would be a radioactive downpour
because much of the water in the harbour would be made radioactive and thrown
high into the air as fine and coarse spray.
The explosion at ground level of this type of bomb would probably not
cause a firestorm, so rescue operations for the injured might have some degree
In either case, radioactive fallout would be serious, and might make the
city, and an area of countryside stretching tens of kilometres downwind,
uninhabitable for weeks or years. There would be a number of deaths from
radiation sickness, for which there is really no effective medical treatment.
The total amount of radioactivity might be comparable with the Chernobyl
disaster, more or less depending on many circumstances.
THE ENHANCED RADIATION WEAPON OR "NEUTRON BOMB"
This is a small 'hydrogen bomb' in the 1- to 10-kiloton range without
the outer casing of depleted uranium, which in an ordinary hydrogen bomb
stops the neutrons that are formed and converts them into additional explosive
power. The result is a spray of neutrons that is lethal for a distance of
a few hundred metres. These neutrons, unlike the X-rays from the explosion,
penetrate a considerable thickness of concrete or steel protection, like
defence posts or the sides of a tank. They are designed for 'battle-field'
use, not for use against cities. It is commonly said that neutron bombs spare
buildings, but we believe this is a misconception. The blast effect would
be reduced by half, and would still be enormous.
HOW COULD THIS SORT OF "ONE-BOMB" SCENARIO DEVELOP?
It is worth considering what circumstances might result in one or just
a few nuclear bombs exploding, as opposed to a major nuclear war.
We hope, but we cannot be sure, that a nuclear attack by one of the "great
powers" against a smaller country (which has been threatened several times
since 1945) would never be carried out for any reason whatever.
There have been serious risks of war involving smaller military powers
with nuclear weapons, such as India, Pakistan, and Israel. Clear or veiled
threats of nuclear attack have been made by these countries, and might be
again. Such use would most probably be directed at cities, and the bombs
delivered by aircraft or relatively short-range rocket. It might be air-burst
or ground-burst, with bombs in the ten- to one-hundred kiloton range.
Accidental or unauthorized launch of an intercontinental missile or a
submarine-launched missile from one of the big nuclear arsenals might destroy
a city with a bomb in the range of 100 kilotons to 1 megaton.
A terrorist type of attack is perhaps the most likely risk, and might
be done by criminals for blackmail or ransom, or might be directed by an
unidentified hostile government against a country too powerful for a declaration
of war to be considered. It is possible that a 'hydrogen bomb' might be acquired
from one of the superpower arsenals, and delivered by ship to the harbour
of a port. More likely is a bomb in the ten-kiloton range exploded at ground
level in a city, or in a ship.
An accident to a nuclear weapon, such as dropping it down a silo or from
an aircraft, would not cause a full-scale nuclear explosion, but could scatter
kilograms of plutonium by detonation of the high-explosive charge. To cause
a nuclear explosion, the charge has to be detonated absolutely simultaneously
all round the nuclear core, which is done by special electric circuits.
Accidental detonation by a shock would not do this, but one wonders whether
an electrical fault or a lightning stroke could ever do it.
The above description was set in the context of a North American city.
As proliferation of nuclear weapons continues, there is a greater risk that
a tropical city may be attacked.
In such circumstances, the deaths and injuries from firestorms and flash
burns would be higher than in the North American context, because many of
the dwellings would be of light construction, and a higher proportion of
the population would be likely to be in the open at the time of the
The distances quoted from ground zero are derived from a number of secondary
sources, which do not all agree. Basically the numbers are derived from United
States government measurements made during the years before 1963, when test
nuclear explosions were permitted in the atmosphere.
It does not really matter if some of these distances are not accurate.
Similarly, even if the estimates of deaths and injuries are considerably
over-stated, the consequences of exploding a nuclear bomb and giving rise
to a disaster even approaching this magnitude - anywhere on earth - remain
The only way to abolish this risk is to get rid of all the nuclear bombs
in the world.
|The Electronic Blanket
(The Electromagnetic Nuclear Bomb)
High-altitude electromagnetic pulses (HEMP) produced by high-altitude
bursts occur in an area of the atmosphere where the density of the air is
low. Because of this, the gamma rays can travel very far before they are
absorbed. These rays travel downward into the increasingly dense atmosphere.
The electric field has a rise time of about 1 nanosecond. Even with such
a short pulse, the effects can be tremendous. For a high altitude burst,
the effects can also be far reaching. By many calculations, one properly
placed nuclear bomb (possibly hidden in a satellite) detonated above the
center of the United States could produce huge electrical fields. "The EMP
from a single hydrogen bomb exploded 300 kilometers over the heart of the
United States could set up an electrical field 50 kV/m strong over nearly
all of North America". Since EMP is electromagnetic radiation traveling at
the speed of light, all of the area could possibly be effected almost
simultaneously. All communications, television, radio, cars, trucks, planes,
etc could be effected resulting in an Electronic blanket where all electronics
in our country could be neutralized including the knowledge of the Nuclear
Huge explosion in North Korea last week: report
SEOUL (AFP) - A huge explosion
rocked North Korea (news
sites)'s northern inland province of Ryanggang last week, triggering a
mushroom-shaped cloud near the country's secret underground military base,
South Korean news agency Yonhap said.
The explosion appeared to be
stronger than an April 22 rail blast which killed more than 150 people
near the border with China. However, there were no indications that it was
a nuclear blast.
The explosion went off in Kimhyungjik county near the Chinese border
on Thursday last week, when North Korea marked the 56th anniversary of its
founding, Yonhap said, quoting an unnamed source in Beijing.
The county has an underground base for missiles and a suspected
plant for enriching uranium, according to the Nuclear Threat Initiative, a
private disarmament think tank.
There was no word on the blast from the highly secretive North
Korea, which did not report the April rail accident in Ryongchon, near the
western tip of North Korea's border with China, for three days.
But South Korean and US officials dismissed possible links with
Pyongyang's alleged nuclear weapons program.
"Our government information for now shows North Korea has not
conducted any nuclear test," presidential spokesman Kim Jong-Min
"We are trying to confirm whether it is fireworks, a fire in
(the) mountains or an accidental explosion," he added.
US Secretary of State Colin Powell (news
sites) also rejected suggestions of a nuclear blast.
"We're trying to find out more about it and what exactly it was
if anything, but it does not appear (that it was) a nuclear event,"
Powell told the Fox News television program Sunday.
Yonhap quoted government officials as saying signs of earth tremors
were detected late Wednesday and on Thursday morning, although South Korea
sites)'s meteorological agency said it had no data indicating a
The agency quoted a diplomatic source in Seoul as saying the
mushroom cloud had a radius of 3.5 to four kilometers (two to 2.4 miles),
adding that the site of the explosion was not far from the North's missile
base, it said.
But people living in China's border town of Baoquanshan said they
did not hear or see any major explosion last week and Russian officials
said radiation levels nearby were stable on the day of the explosion.
The reports come as the US intelligence community debates whether
new data on North Korea should be interpreted as a sign the country is
preparing for its first nuclear weapons test.
The New York Times reported that US intelligence picked up
suspicious movement of materials around several locations deep inside
North Korea that US analysts believe could become nuclear test sites.
But US intelligence agency analysts differ on how to interpret the
activities, primarily because they have not detected electrical cables
leading into an underground test shaft, a telltale sign of preparations
for a nuclear blast, the Times report said.
"With respect to reports in the (New York Times) this morning
that there is activity going on at a potential nuclear test site, we are
monitoring this," Powell added.US officials do not discount the
possibility of diplomatic brinksmanship by North Korea ahead of new
six-party talks due this month.
Meanwhile, the top US envoy on North Korea, James Kelly, arrived in
Beijing for a previously unpublicised visit just hours after the blast was
Kelly's arrival comes amid a flurry of diplomatic activity to
persuade North Korea to take part in the multilateral talks on its nuclear
programme, with Chinese and British officials both in Pyongyang over the
North Korean officials knew nothing about the blast in their own
country when they met a British government minister in Pyongyang,
Britain's domestic Press Association news agency reported.
Bill Rammell, paying a three-day visit to Pyongyang, said it was
only through his delegation that North Korean foreign ministry officials
learned of the reported explosion, it said in a report from Pyongyang.
Pyongyang stunned the world in August 1998 by test-launching over
Japan a Taepodong-1 missile with a range of up to 2,000 kilometers.
Mushroom Cloud Seen After N.Korea Explosion Sat Sep 11, 2004 11:33 PM ET
MORE SEOUL (Reuters) - A mushroom cloud up to 2.5 miles in diameter
was seen after an explosion in a remote area of North Korea near the
border with China, Yonhap news agency reported on Sunday, quoting sources
in Beijing. The South Korean news agency said Thursday's blast in
Kimhyungjik county in Yanggang province appeared to much worse than a
train explosion that killed
at least 170 people in April. South Korean intelligence officials
said they were monitoring the report, but declined detailed comment.
ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â© Reuters 2004. All Rights Reserved.
September 12, 2004
Atomic Activity in North Korea Raises Concerns
By DAVID E. SANGER and WILLIAM J. BROAD
ASHINGTON, Sept. 11 - President Bush and his top advisers have received
intelligence reports in recent days describing a confusing series of
actions by North Korea that some experts believe could indicate the
country is preparing to conduct its first test explosion of a nuclear
weapon, according to senior officials with access to the intelligence.
While the indications were viewed as serious enough to warrant a warning
to the White House, American intelligence agencies appear divided about
the significance of the new North Korean actions, much as they were about
the evidence concerning Iraq's alleged weapons stockpiles.
Some analysts in agencies that were the most cautious about the Iraq
findings have cautioned that they do not believe the activity detected in
North Korea in the past three weeks is necessarily the harbinger of a
test. A senior scientist who assesses nuclear intelligence says the new
evidence "is not conclusive," but is potentially worrisome.
If successful, a test would end a debate that stretches back more than a
decade over whether North Korea has a rudimentary arsenal, as it has
boasted in recent years. Some analysts also fear that a test could change
the balance of power in Asia, perhaps leading to a new nuclear arms race
In interviews on Friday and Saturday, senior officials were reluctant to
provide many details of the new activities they have detected, but some of
the information appears to have come from satellite intelligence.
One official with access to the intelligence called it "a series of
indicators of increased activity that we believe would be associated with
a test," saying that the "likelihood" of a North Korean
test had risen significantly in just the past four weeks. It was that
changed assessment that led to the decision to give an update to President
Bush, the officials said.
The activities included the movement of materials around several suspected
test sites, including one near a location where intelligence agencies
reported last year that conventional explosives were being tested that
could compress a plutonium core and set off a nuclear blast. But officials
have not seen the classic indicators of preparations at a test site, in
which cables are laid to measure an explosion in a deep test pit.
"I'm not sure you would see that in a country that has tunnels
everywhere," said one senior official who has reviewed the data.
Officials said if North Korea proceeded with a test, it would probably be
with a plutonium bomb, perhaps one fabricated from the 8,000 spent nuclear
fuel rods that the North has boasted in the past few months have been
reprocessed into bomb fuel.
A senior intelligence official noted Saturday that even if "they are
doing something, it doesn't mean they will" conduct a test, noting
that preparations that the North knew could be detected by the United
States might be a scare tactic or negotiating tactic by the North Korean
Several officials speculated that the test, if it occurred, could be
intended to influence the presidential election, though a senior military
official said while "an election surprise" could be the motive,
"I'm not sure what that would buy them."
While the intelligence community's experience in Iraq colors how it
assesses threats in places like North Korea, the comparisons are inexact.
Inspectors have seen and measured the raw material that the North could
turn into bomb fuel; the only question is whether they have done so in the
20 months since arms inspectors were ousted. While Iraq denied it has
weapons, the North boasts about them - perhaps too loudly, suggesting they
may have less than they say.
On the other hand, the divisions within the administration over how to
deal with North Korea mirrors some of the old debate about Iraq.
Hard-liners in the Pentagon and the vice president's office have largely
opposed making concessions of any kind in negotiations, and Vice President
Dick Cheney has warned that "time is not on our side" to deal
with the question. The State Department has pressed the case for
negotiation, and for offering the North a face-saving way out. While the
State Department has won the argument in recent times, how to deal with
the North is a constant battle inside the administration.
Some of the senior officials who discussed the emerging indicators were
clearly trying to warn North Korea's leader, Kim Jong Il, that his actions
were being closely watched. Asian officials noted that there has been
speculation in South Korea and Japan for some time that Mr. Kim might try
to stage an incident - perhaps a missile test or the withdrawal of more
raw nuclear fuel from a reactor - in an effort to display defiance before
the election. "A test would be a vivid demonstration of their view of
President Bush," one senior Asian diplomat said.
The intelligence information was discussed in interviews with officials
from five government agencies, ranging from those who believe a test may
occur at any moment to those who are highly skeptical. They had differing
access to the intelligence: some had reviewed the raw data and others had
seen a classified intelligence report about the possibility of a test,
perhaps within months, that has circulated in Washington in the past week.
Most, but not all, were career officials.
If North Korea successfully tested a weapon, the reclusive country would
become the eighth nation to have proven nuclear capability - Israel is
also assumed to have working weapons - and it would represent the failure
of 14 years of efforts to stop the North's nuclear program.
Government officials throughout Asia and members of Mr. Bush's national
security team have also feared it could change the nuclear politics of
Asia, fueling political pressure in South Korea and Japan to develop a
nuclear deterrent independent of the United States.
Both countries have the technological skill and the raw material to
produce a bomb, though both have insisted they would never do so. South
Korea has admitted in the past few weeks that it conducted experiments
that outside experts fear could produce bomb-grade fuel, first in the
early 1980's and then in 2000.
Senior officials in South Korea and Japan did not appear to have been
briefed about the new evidence, beyond what one called "a nonspecific
warning of a growing problem" from American officials. But it is a
measure of the extraordinary nervousness about the North's intentions that
earlier this week, South Korean intelligence officials who saw evidence of
an intense fire at a suspected nuclear location alerted their American
counterparts that a small nuclear test might have already occurred.
American officials reviewed seismic sensors and other data and concluded
it was a false alarm, though the fire has yet to be explained.
[A huge explosion rocked an area in North Korea near the border with China
on Thursday and appeared to be much bigger than a blast at the Ryongchon
train station that killed 170 people in April, Reuters said, citing a
report by the Yonhap news agency of South Korea. The United States
"is showing a big interest because the blast was seen from
satellites,'' Yonhap quoted an unidentified official in Beijing as saying.
[The cause of the blast has not been determined, but the Beijing official
said Washington was not ruling out the possibility that it may be linked
to a nuclear test. Yonhap reported that a mushroom cloud up to 2.5 miles
in diameter was spotted after the blast in remote Yanggang province in the
far northeast.] North Korea has declared several times in the past year
that it might move to demonstrate its nuclear power. It is impossible to
know how such a test might affect public perceptions of how Mr. Bush has
handled potential threats to the United States. Senator John Kerry, the
Democratic presidential nominee, has already accused President Bush of an
"almost myopic" focus on Iraq that has distracted the United
States while North Korea, by some intelligence estimates, has increased
its arsenal from what the C.I.A. suspects was one or two weapons to six or
Mr. Bush, while declaring he would not "tolerate" a nuclear
North Korea, has insisted that his approach of involving China, Russia,
Japan and South Korea in a new round of talks with the North is the only
reasonable way to force the country to disarm. He has refused to set the
kind of deadline for disarmament that he set for Saddam Hussein.
When asked in an interview with The New York Times two weeks ago to define
what he meant by "tolerate," he said: "I don't think you
give timelines to dictators and tyrants. I think it's important for us to
continue to lead coalitions that are firm and strong, in sending messages
to both the North Koreans and the Iranians."
Eric Schmitt contributed reporting for this article
North Korea Restarts Reactor, Neighbors Urge Calm
By Paul Eckert and Tabassum Zakaria
SEOUL/WASHINGTON (Reuters) - North Korea has restarted the reactor at
the heart of its suspected drive for nuclear weapons, further raising the
stakes in its diplomatic showdown with the United States, U.S. officials
Activating the small research reactor at Yongbyon, the communist North's
latest provocative step in a crisis that erupted last year, comes as the
United States prepares for war with Iraq and South Korea forms a new
"I think this is another example of the regime of North Korea taking
escalatory actions in order to gain concessions," said Sean McCormack, the
White House National Security Council spokesman. "We seek a peaceful diplomatic
solution, but all options remain on the table."
U.S. officials said there was no sign North Korea had reactivated its
nuclear fuel reprocessing plant, which would be of even greater concern because
it would take the North a step closer to adding to the two nuclear bombs
it is believed to have.
"Part of this demonstrates their desire to continue their nuclear weapons
program and it's another effort to apply pressure on the United States,"
another U.S. official said.
Analysts in Seoul saw the move as yet another North Korean attempt to
shake new President Roh Moo-hyun, who has been at odds with Washington over
how to deal with the crisis. The North upstaged Roh's inauguration on Tuesday
by firing a short-range missile into international waters off its east
In Beijing, China and Russia -- friends of North Korea and permanent members
of the U.N. Security Council -- issued a joint communique promising to push
for dialogue between the United States and North Korea to resolve the nuclear
"China and Russia will try their best to push for dialogue between the
Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the United States," the
Asked about the reactor, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Kong Quan
said: "We believe the main thing at the moment is that each side keeps calm
and exercises restraint and avoids taking action that will escalate the
Reaction in Seoul to North Korea's latest move was muted, as Roh and his
new prime minister finalized their cabinet.
"We are trying to find out more about it," said a South Korean government
source, adding that Seoul would hold consultations with allies Japan and
the United States.
"Even in the United States it is still at the level of intelligence, very
raw intelligence," the source added.
In Tokyo, Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi urged a calm and cautious
response while the news was being analyzed.
"We have received information that it has been restarted. We don't know
yet to what degree," Koizumi told reporters.
A U.S. official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the intelligence
was obtained through satellite photographs.
TESTING NEW PRESIDENT
New Prime Minister Goh Kun said South Korea would move to tackle what
he said was a "serious threat to world peace" as soon as Roh's new cabinet
-- named on Thursday -- began its work.
"The new government's primary task will be the peaceful resolution of
the North Korean nuclear issues while strengthening the South Korea-U.S.
alliance," Goh told reporters.
Roh's new cabinet line-up retained the outgoing Kim Dae-jung government's
minister in charge of relations with North Korea in a sign he wants to continue
Kim's conciliatory policies.
Roh, who has limited foreign policy experience, wants to avoid using force
against the North and said the collapse of the impoverished state would only
hurt the South.
"The North is going to keep doing this, trying to test South Korea's new
government to see how Roh Moo-hyun will react to this nuclear threat," said
Yu Suk-Ryul, an expert on North Korea at Seoul's Institute of Foreign Affairs
and National Security.
There was no statement on the reactor from North Korea's official Korean
Central News Agency (KCNA), the main outlet for announcements from
On Wednesday though, KCNA carried a statement by North Korea's Foreign
Ministry saying Washington was preparing to strike not only Iraq but also
"The U.S. military strike against Iraq is just a matter of time. The ceaseless
saber-rattling staged by the U.S. in South Korea against this backdrop is
creating an extremely tense situation where it may make a pre-emptive strike
at the DPRK any time," a ministry spokesman said.
NO REPROCESSING YET
The Korean crisis was sparked last October when the United States said
Pyongyang had admitted developing a highly enriched uranium program in violation
of a 1994 accord, under which the North froze its nuclear program in exchange
for two modern reactors and economic assistance.
U.S. officials said North Korea had restarted a five-megawatt reactor
at Yongbyon mothballed in 1994. Last month, U.S. satellites showed North
Korea was moving fresh fuel rods to Yongbyon, U.S. officials have said.
"This is certainly less provocative than starting up the reprocessing
facility, but it is significant nonetheless," said a U.S. official in Washington
who declined to be identified.
The United States was working with members of the U.N. Security Council
and others to find a solution, McCormack said.
"With each step it takes to advance its nuclear capability North Korea
further isolates itself from the international community," he said.
"We have proposed multilateral talks to include North Korea, and remain
prepared to engage in those talks."
North Korea demands bilateral talks with the United States. That stance
is backed by China, Russia and South Korea -- although Chinese Foreign Minister
Tang Jiaxuan and Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov also endorsed multilateral
Bush administration officials have seemed increasingly convinced Pyongyang
is determined to launch full-scale production of nuclear weapons.
North Korea restarting its reactor did not automatically mean it would
next start reprocessing nuclear fuel, but such a move would not be surprising,
another U.S. official said.
An even more significant step would be movement of 8,000 spent fuel rods,
that have already gone through the reactor, from a holding pond where they
have been stored under the 1994 agreement. Plutonium can be extracted by
reprocessing the rods.
Copyright 2003 Reuters News Service. All rights reserved.
|North Korea's 'slap in the face' to Powell rattles Asia
By Jasper Becker in Beijing
26 February 2003
North Korea's test-firing of a missile into the Sea of Japan sent judders
across Asia yesterday, causing stock markets to fall. The missile launch,
which took place as Roh Moo Hyun, the South's President, took office in a
ceremony attended by world leaders, seemed designed to embarrass Mr Roh,
and was a slap in the face for the US Secretary of State, Colin Powell, who
was at the inauguration.
The new President has said he is determined to build "mutual trust" with
the North and to persuade the United States to follow its lead.
General Powell tried to play down the significance of the missile test,
saying it appeared to be "fairly innocuous".
On a stopover in Alaska last night, General Powell announced that, contrary
to earlier indications, North Korea had chosen not to restart its nuclear
reactor and reprocessing plant at Yongbyon. "I think that's a wise choice
if it's a conscious choice," he said.
But, he added, bilateral talks, as proposed by the North, were not an
option. "We simply will not, because North Korea demands something, yield
to that something," General Powell said. "It is their actions that have caused
this problem and they cannot be the 'demander' as to the manner in which
it's going to be resolved."
The missile test came before General Powell announced the resumption of
US food aid to the North. Deliveries stopped in October after the North admitted
it had a secret programme to enrich uranium in violation of the 1994 agreement
with Japan, South Korea and the US.
In his inaugural address, Mr Roh said the suspicion that the North was
developing nuclear weapons posed "a grave threat to world peace". He said:
"It is up to Pyongyang whether to go ahead and obtain nuclear weapons or
to get guarantees for the security of its regime and international economic
Japan said the North had launched two land-to-ship missiles. One failed
and the other flew 37 miles across the Sea of Japan. Japanese reports said
the missile was made in China. However, China, which has promised the US
to exercise its influence over its neighbour and to end missile technology
sales, denied the allegation.
The missile tests, which follow an intrusion into South Korean airspace
by a North Korean jet last week, are a reminder of how often the North has
frustrated the hopes raised by the "Sunshine Policy" of engagement with the
Although North Korea has a long practice of staging military incidents
to back demands for aid, the timing will hinder efforts to persuade the US
to re-open direct talks with the North. Australia, China and South Korea
in urging General Powell to agree to the North's demands for bilateral talks
and a non-aggression treaty.
Washington says North Korea broke the terms of the last deal, negotiated
bilaterally in 1994, and it now wants discussions only with all neigh- bouring
countries taking part.
Mr Roh called for a shift in a relationship forged in the Cold War. Washington
is now considering moves to lessen tensions including moving its large military
base out of Seoul.
The missile test caused particular alarm in Japan, which is considering
major changes to its military strategy to cope with the threat from the North.
Japan was shocked when, in 1998, North Korea fired a three-stage missile
that flew 600 miles over Japan.
Diplomats say North Korea fears that after the US has seen off Saddam
Hussein, it will turn its attention to North Korea and try to overthrow the
leader, Kim Jong Il. General Powell denied that the US had a policy of "regime
|Australian Broadcasting Corporation
Late night news & current affairs
TV PROGRAM TRANSCRIPT
N Korean crisis escalating
In recent weeks, Pyongyang has withdrawn from the nuclear non-proliferation
treaty and threatened pre-emptive strikes against US targets if it believed
the US was about to attack. Yesterday, as the new South Korean president
was being sworn in, the North test-fired a missile into the Sea of Japan.
Its nuclear ambitions have so alarmed neighbours that Japan's defence minister
said his country would have to consider going nuclear itself. The crisis
has accelerated, along with the US plans for a war against Iraq. Not
surprisingly, after President Bush named North Korea as part of an "axis
of evil", Pyongyang claims it could be next on the US hit list, and it's
arming itself against that possibility. So how far could this crisis escalate?
Joining Tony Jones is Kenneth Quinones. He was the US State Department's
North Korea affairs officer and then a Korea analyst in the department's
Bureau of Intelligence and Research during the 1990s. He's now the director
of the Korea Program at the International Centre, a Washington research
Compere: Tony Jones
Reporter: Tony Jones
TONY JONES: Back to our top story now - the crisis over North Korea.
In recent weeks, Pyongyang has withdrawn from the nuclear non-proliferation
treaty and threatened pre-emptive strikes against US targets if it believed
the US was about to attack.
Yesterday, as the new South Korean president was being sworn in, the North
test-fired a missile into the Sea of Japan.
Its nuclear ambitions have so alarmed neighbours that Japan's defence
minister said his country would have to consider going nuclear itself.
The crisis has accelerated, along with the US plans for a war against
Not surprisingly, after President Bush named North Korea as part of an
"axis of evil", Pyongyang claims it could be next on the US hit list, and
it's arming itself against that possibility.
So how far could this crisis escalate?
Joining me now is Kenneth Quinones.
He was the US State Department's North Korea affairs officer and then
a Korea analyst in the department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research during
He's now the director of the Korea Program at the International Centre,
a Washington research institute.
And he joins us now from the US capital.
Kenneth Quinones, what are the chances the Korean crisis could end in
KENNETH QUINONES, INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH CENTRE: Unfortunately, I do believe
those chances tend to be increasing, rather than decreasing.
So long as the Bush Administration holds off from directly engaging in
bilateral talks with Pyonyang, the risk of war will continue to escalate.
TONY JONES: I'll get on to those bilateral talks in a moment.
Just sketch out for us, if you could, what such a war would be like.
KENNETH QUINONES: It would be devastating, particularly for the people
of north-east Asia.
Initially it would have a very negative, profound impact on the populations
of South Korea, possibly several cities in Japan, because of North Korea's
ballistic missile capability.
Additionally, you would have a massive retaliatory attack from the United
States and South Korea focused on North Korea.
In the process, tens of thousands of people would die.
Panic would ensue.
Economic activity throughout north-east Asia would be disrupted.
Ultimately, it's even conceivable that the United States and China might
come to a point of hostile confrontation.
TONY JONES: How likely do you think in the initial stages would a nuclear
exchange be, if North Korea were attacked by America?
KENNETH QUINONES: I don't think that's a real option at the outset.
First, I don't think the North Koreans really possess a nuclear capability
at this time, and I'm sure the United States would do everything in its ability
to refrain from using such weapons.
I think we're talking primarily about a conventional type of
TONY JONES: How long do you think we've got, though, before the North
Koreans did gain a nuclear capacity, and does that possibility actually
accelerate, in itself, the chances of a conflict?
KENNETH QUINONES: Well, I understand Secretary of State Powell yesterday
told reporters that there's no indication North Korea has restarted its nuclear
reactor at Yongbyon nuclear research centre, nor is there any indication
that it has resumed reprocessing of nuclear spent fuels.
So I think much of North Korea's claims regarding restarting its nuclear
program have been largely rhetoric.
That's all positive, and I think that should continue.
North Korea wants negotiations and so long as it holds off from actually
restarting its nuclear weapons program, the possibility of bilateral talks
Once it reprocesses or actually takes steps in the direction of nuclear
weapons manufacture, it will lose the opportunity of bilateral talks, but
also lose support from Beijing and Moscow.
So I don't really see the North Koreans -
TONY JONES: I'm surprised to hear you say that you're certain that they
have no nuclear weapons.
I thought there was a CIA assessment that they may indeed have a number
of nuclear devices already.
KENNETH QUINONES: I think the CIA assessment is always a worst-case
When I was in the Department of State and representing the Department
of State, I was involved in a national intelligence estimate, and we concluded
that there was a possibility that North Korea had sufficient plutonium, not
necessarily nuclear weapons.
That's a very important distinction.
I am quite confident North Koreans have the plutonium.
I don't think they've gone beyond that to actually assembling nuclear
TONY JONES: Now, you still speak today to North Korean officials, I
Do you think that we'd be in the position we are today if President Bush
had not named North Korea as part of an axis of evil?
KENNETH QUINONES: I do believe we would be in a much less stressful situation
if the President had restrained his rhetoric.
I think also contributing to the increasing tensions is not only President
Bush's rhetoric, but also his diplomatic approach to this situation.
If you are going to deal with a crisis, the only way to resolve it is
through direct talks, not through indirect rhetoric, vented through international
Unfortunately, I think the Bush Administration has accented rhetoric over
TONY JONES: Now, as we said earlier, you were the first US diplomat to
meet Kim Il-Sun.
What's your assessment of his son, Kim Jong-Il, who's obviously taken
over from the father?
KENNETH QUINONES: I think -- a realistic estimate has to give Kim Jong-Il
credit for having pulled his nation back from the brink of collapse, bankruptcy
In that regard, he has accomplished some rather significant progress.
Particularly, he has been able to garner international aid from the United
Nations and the international humanitarian organisations.
He has also increased the number of nations that maintain diplomatic relations
So he has put his nation on a much firmer footing.
I think there's a lot of capability behind his physical appearance and
the other negative images that we often hear of him.
TONY JONES: Is he really directing things now?
Is he the one who, in the end, President Bush or Colin Powell ought to
be talking to if there are indeed bilateral talks some time soon?
KENNETH QUINONES: Yes, I'm sure he is in control of the situation in
It's clear he is heavily dependent upon his ageing military advisers for
advice and policy recommendations, but nevertheless he is the man who holds
TONY JONES: As you know, our own foreign minister, Alexander Downer, an
ironclad ally of the United States, has been urging Colin Powell to tell
Washington that they need to start quickly those bilateral talks with North
Why is Washington resisting this?
KENNETH QUINONES: Washington seems to believe that the ultimate purpose
here is not necessarily disarming North Korea.
I do believe Washington is looking beyond that to ultimately disbanding
or having the Kim Jong-Il regime collapse.
Bilateral talks tend to lend diplomatic legitimacy to a regime.
Washington believes holding back will further nudge the Kim Jong-Il regime
I disagree with that.
I don't think that is in the works.
Kim Jong-Il, as I said before, has already pulled his country back from
the brink of collapse.
He now has staunch continuing support from Beijing and Moscow, and so
long as he carefully crafts his policy, avoids nuclear reprocessing and so
forth, I think he will be able to maintain his position.
The Bush Administration's position in short is not realistically assessing
the future capabilities of the North Korean regime.
TONY JONES: So you believe the Bush policy in North Korea as in Iraq and
indeed Iran is actually regime change and that's driving this?
KENNETH QUINONES: Yes, I think that's actually the ultimate goal of the
Bush Administration's objectives here.
Publicly, upfront, they're emphasising weapons of mass destruction and
so forth, but I think they believe the only way to rid a country of weapons
of mass destruction is to get rid of the regime that supports such weapons.
TONY JONES: So how do you see this panning out?
I mean, clearly what the United States want -- what Colin Powell is talking
about is having this whole thing moved into the UN Security Council, and
I suppose that will make the North Korean's fear that they will now be subject,
or eventually be subject, to a series of resolutions demanding that they
disarm in the same way as has happened with Iraq.
If that happens, what sort of outcome do you see?
KENNETH QUINONES: I think we've seen in the case of Iraq, the harder the
Bush Administration is pushed on Iraq, the greater the international consensus
favouring inspections, favouring a diplomatic outcome, and increasing opposition
I think we're seeing the same phenomena regarding Pyongyang.
The harder the Bush Administration pushes on Pyongyang and makes demands
on Pyongyang, the greater the international consensus that the North Korea
crisis be resolved through direct bilateral negotiations between Washington
and Pyongyang, and if this issue moves to the United Nations Security Council,
once in the Security Council, Beijing and Moscow will then have the leverage
to influence Washington by saying, "Look, if you want a resolution condemning
North Korea, you, Washington, will have to meet us halfway and engage the
North Koreans in bilateral talks".
TONY JONES: Now, the North Koreans have already threatened they might
use the pre-emptive doctrine that the United States is now sort of talking
about quite openly in relation to Iraq.
They might use it themselves to defend against any possible attack from
the United States.
Is that a serious threat or or is that just sabre-rattling?
KENNETH QUINONES: I tend to believe it is more sabre-rattling than anything
Pyongyang is noted for making such lofty claims and not following up on
The reason I think Pyongyang would hold off on a pre-emptive strike is
it would then lose China's commitment to defend North Korea.
The Chinese-North Korean Defence Treaty only provides -- obligates China
to defend North Korea if there is a foreign attack on North Korea.
It does not obligate Beijing to defend Pyongyang in the event of a North
Korean attack on another nation.
The same for Moscow.
Moscow is no longer committed to North Korea's defence.
So North Korea stands alone essentially and I think that will restrain
TONY JONES: Very briefly, as a final question, how likely do you think
we are to see a regional nuclear arms race of the sort that the Japanese
Defence Minister has been warning about?
KENNETH QUINONES: I think that's still quite a way down the road.
I don't believe the Japanese people are ready to see their country go
in that direction, and I think the South Koreans likewise don't want to go
in that direction, and all the nations in the region would prefer a peaceful
outcome and not to go nuclear.
TONY JONES: We will have to leave it there.
Kenneth Quinones, thank you very much for getting up so early in the morning
to join us.
KENNETH QUINONES: Thank you.
|27 February 2003 1751 hrs (SST) 0951 hrs (GMT)
China seems reluctant to rein in North Korea over nuclear standoff
By China Bureau Chief Maria Siow
The United States has been urging China to exert a stronger influence
on North Korea to defuse the nuclear standoff.
But China has insisted that the issue should be settled by talks between
Washington and Pyongyang.
In terms of regular contacts with the North Korean leadership, no country
is in a better position than China.
But more than just political influence, China also has strong economic
leverage over Pyongyang.
Half of China's foreign aid goes to North Korea, and Beijing supplies
40 percent of the impoverished nation's food needs.
China also provides over 80 percent of North Korea's oil imports, most
of which, critics say, is used to fuel the country's military machine.
Yet there are few signs that Beijing is prepared to use its leverage to
rein in what has been described as Pyongyang's dangerous behaviour.
Ms Zhang Qiyue, spokesperson for the Chinese Foreign Ministry, said: "The
US said the issue should be solved in a multilateral setting. But the basic
consensus is that this is a bilateral issue between the US and North Korea.
We hope the problem can be solved through dialogue and other political
This is something which Washington disagrees.
Mr Colin Powell, US Secretary of State, said: "We are prepared to address
this issue with North Korea in a multilateral context in which China and
other nations can participate. It's a matter for China, it's a matter for
South Korea, it's a matter for Japan, it's a matter for Russia, it's a matter
for the UN, the IAEA, it's a matter for the US."
Observers say China's influence over North Korea isn't as strong as Washington
and its allies make it out to be.
Professor Lu Qichang, Senior Fellow at the China Institute of Contemporary
International Relations, said: "North Korea isn't keen to listen to China.
It's unhappy that China, which was once socialist, is now capitalist. The
two countries now have different opinions. North Korea has emphasised that
it's the world's only truly socialist country."
China is reluctant to cut off aid to its neighbour as it doesn't want
to see the total collapse of the North Korean economy.
Apart from regional stability, a collapse will also lead to a flood of
refugees on Chinese soil.
Indeed, China's partnership with North Korea, formed along ideological
lines and cemented by the Korean War, has never been more severely tested.
Still, it would be wrong to say that Beijing is unconcerned about North
Korea's nuclear threat.
Beijing is certainly worried that the threat from Pyongyang would lead
to a nuclear arms race in the region.
And a re-militarised and re-armed Japan is the last thing that China wants
Copyright © 2003 MediaCorp News Pte Ltd
|SEOUL, South Korea (March 2, 2003) - North Korea warned Sunday of
''nuclear disasters'' around the world if Washington attacks the communist
state, while its civilian leaders urged greater cooperation between Pyongyang
and Seoul to ease the crisis on the Korean Peninsula.
The North's official Rodong Sinmun newspaper accused the Central Intelligence
Agency of preparing a surprise attack on the nation's nuclear facilities
that are suspected of being used to make atomic bombs.
''If the U.S. imperialists ignite a war on the Korean Peninsula, the war
will turn into a nuclear war,'' Rodong said. ''As a consequence, the Koreans
in the north and south and the people in Asia and the rest of the world will
suffer horrifying nuclear disasters.''
The report, carried by the North's state-run KCNA news agency, claimed
that Washington put its forces around the peninsula on ''semi-war footing''
and ''is pushing ahead with nuclear war preparations in full swing.''
Pyongyang accuses Washington of inciting the nuclear standoff as a pretext
for an invasion. Washington has repeatedly said it has no plans to attack
North Korea, but stresses that ''all options are on the table.''
In Seoul on Sunday, North Korea's religious and civic leaders took part
in inter-Korean religious masses and urged greater cooperation between the
''Preventing war through national cooperation is the most urgent task
of the nation,'' said Ri Mun Hwan, a senior North Korean delegate. ''If war
breaks out, the South cannot be safe and the entire nation will face
Another delegate, Oh Kyung Woo, said the ''United States is threatening
a nuclear war, but if war breaks out both South and North will incur damages,''
according to South Korea's national Yonhap news agency.
''Foreign forces will never give us reunification. We must cooperate with
each other,'' Oh was quoted as saying.
The comments were made during religious masses at a cathedral, a church,
a Buddhist temple and other religious locations, which were attended by thousands
of South Koreans.
The ceremonies were a part of an inter-Korean festival to mark the anniversary
of a major independence uprising against Japanese colonial rule on March
Pyongyang sent 105 delegates to Seoul on Saturday for the three-day festival.
Both Koreas mark the uprising as a major holiday. Japan ruled the peninsula
from 1910 to 1945.
Rodong, monitored by South Korea's national Yonhap news agency, reiterated
that the North's nuclear activities were ''strictly for peaceful purposes
and poses no threat to anyone.''
''Crushing the U.S. plot to attack North Korea is a very important issue
related to peace and safety of Asia and the world, the existence and future
of mankind,'' Rodong said.
Raising tensions last week, North Korea test-fired a missile into the
sea off its east coast. Pyongyang also reactivated a 5-megawatt reactor that
could produce plutonium for nuclear weapons, U.S. and South Korean officials
On Saturday, North Korea said nuclear war could break out on the peninsula
at ''any moment,'' after South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun warned of a
''calamity'' unless the standoff is resolved peacefully and quickly.
The dispute flared in October when Washington said North Korea had admitted
pursuing a nuclear program, which violated a 1994 pact.
Washington and its allies cut off oil shipments to the impoverished communist
state. The North responded by saying it would reactivate its frozen facilities.
It also expelled U.N. monitors and withdrew from the global Nuclear
Copyright 2003 The Associated Press.
|Kim offers asylum to Saddam: Report
TIMES NEWS NETWORK[ SUNDAY, MARCH 02, 2003 02:46:40 PM ]
HONG KONG: North Korean leader Kim Jong Il has offered political asylum
to Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, according to a front page story
in Sunday's South China Morning Post.
The bizarre tale appears to be the kind of news story that newspapers
like to publish on April Fool's Day, except for one thing: it has a credible
He is Stanley Ho Hung-sun, the wealthy magnate who runs Macau's gambling
casinos, through whom "high-level North Korean officials have offered the
Iraqi dictator and his family 11th hour sanctuary in a mountain in North
Chinese billionaires like Ho do not always possess political acumen but
it is usually difficult to take them for a ride. Ho told the SCMP that senior
level North Korean officials "told me that there really was a chance to prevent
a war and (they) said that Saddam Hussein could step down two days before
the US and Britain started to bomb Iraq and he (Saddam) could call democratic
Ho goes on to say that "one of the conditions of those elections would
be that none of the candidates would be allowed funding from the US, ensuring
that there was no American interference in a future Iraqi democratic state.
Anyone who did accept money from the US would be shot"--presumably by a Saddam
who had not entirely stepped down prior to the election.
Ho extolled this initiative by saying that "it could be (Saddam Hussein's)
trump card. North Korea is willing to give Saddam and his family a mountain
in North Korea."
The news story seems to be straight out of Ripley's Believe It Or
Not except for one thing: Ho does have North Korean connections. The
SCMP notes that in 1999 Stanley invested US$30 million in the North when
he opened a Casino Pyongyang next to the Korean Workers Party headquarters
Title=Korea / Missile Range
Intro: News media in Seoul say South Korea has proposed that it be
allowed to develop missiles with a longer range of up to 500 kilometers
as a deterrent against invasion by communist North Korea, John Larkin
reports from Seoul.
Text: South Korea has been pushing for some time to alter a 20-year
arrangement with the United States, which restricts it to producing
missiles with a maximum range of 180 kilometers.
Newspapers in Seoul report President Kim requested the 500 kilometer
range during a meeting with President Clinton in Washington Friday. The
two allies had previously been discussing an extension of the allowable
range to 300 kilometers only.
The reports say President Clinton listened attentively to President
Kim's proposal. But analysts were doubtful Washington will agree, as it
fears the step could ignite a regional arms race.
A spokesman for the U-S embassy in Seoul would not comment on the
media accounts, but South Korean officials said the proposal was on the
table for discussion with Washington.
President Kim's request comes amid fears Pyongyang is about to
test a long-range missile last August it sent shockwaves
through the region when it test-fired a medium range Taepodong missile
over Japanese territory.
Security analysts say South Korea's push for greater missile range
is meant to send an uncompromising message to North Korea - after talks
between the two Koreas in Beijing last week failed to ease old and new
tensions on the peninsula. They say Seoul wants to show Pyongyang that it
is not the only regional military power capable of using missiles as a
The two Koreas have been unable to resolve most differences since
the end of the Korean war in 1953. (Signed)
NORTH KOREA - Welcome to The War
With President Bush's chilling statements suggesting North Korea could be
a target in the war on terrorism, the U.S. may have actually lost ground
in the quest to find out just what weapons Pyongyang has.
By John Larkin/SEOUL and Murray Hiebert/WASHINGTON
Issue cover-dated December 13, 2001
THE FEBRUARY 8 Vinalon Factory on North Korea's east coast produces a
stiff, dye-resistant, virtually unusable textile invented by a local
scientist and touted by Pyongyang as superior to nylon. The factory is
also rumoured to manufacture a more sinister commodity: chemical weapons.
Finding out exactly what is produced at the facility, and at others in
North Korea believed to manufacture and test weapons of mass destruction,
is emerging as a controversial new priority for Washington as it prepares
the second phase of its declared war on terrorism.
United States officials expressing that priority have stoked fears in
Seoul that constructive dialogue with Pyongyang could be the first
casualty of this next phase.
Not for the first time, North Korea has been grouped with Iraq as part
of Washington's military campaign against Al Qaeda and other terrorist
networks. On November 19, Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and
International Security John Bolton told a meeting of the Biological
Weapons Convention in Geneva that North Korea's biological warfare
programme ranked second only to Iraq's as a threat to international
security. "North Korea likely has the capability to produce
sufficient quantities of biological agents for military purposes,"
Those comments--which were cleared by the U.S. National Security
Council--were the strongest yet by a senior U.S. official about North
Korea's biological weapons programme, about which little is known. Five
days later, President George W. Bush again linked North Korea with the war
on terrorism. Calling on Pyongyang to permit inspections of its weapons
sites, Bush told reporters: "We want to know. Are they developing
weapons of mass destruction? And they ought to stop proliferating. So part
of the war on terror is to deny terrorist weapons."
Nerves jangled in Seoul as Pyongyang was mentioned in the same breath
as Iraq. Short of an invasion from the North, it is unlikely that Seoul
would agree to a U.S. military strike against North Korea. But there are
fears that a hardening attitude in Washington could lead to a stand-off
similar to the showdown in 1994 over Pyongyang's nuclear programme.
Conflict was narrowly averted then when former President Jimmy Carter
brokered a deal with Pyongyang.
Pro-engagement figures see history repeating itself unless the Bush
administration grasps the difference between Iraq, which refuses to
negotiate away its weapons, and North Korea, which has signaled a
willingness to do so.
"It's essentially impossible for George Bush to blow North Korea
up," says John Pike, director of Globalsecurity.org, a defense-policy
think-tank. "But he can certainly embark on a policy of malign
neglect in which Washington ignores North Korea's attention-getting
gestures, like missile tests, forcing North Korea to escalate its
attention-getters and having them misinterpreted as preparations for
Donald Gregg, a former U.S. ambassador to Seoul, sees a crisis on the
horizon if the Bush administration's policy on North Korea is hijacked by
hawks like Bolton and Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz. "I
think Bolton is an ideologue and a hardliner and has behaved
irresponsibly" by delivering his speech, says Gregg. In June Gregg
helped goad Bush back toward conciliation with Pyongyang by explaining the
benefits of dialogue in a memo sent to George Bush Senior, who passed it
on to the White House. "I'm not saying they don't have [weapons], but
the way to get rid of them is not to bully but to engage."
At a minimum, Washington is sending mixed signals. The remarks by Bush and
Bolton contrast with Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and
Pacific Affairs James Kelly's generally upbeat and pro-engagement
assessment in late November. It could be the good cop, bad cop routine.
But some observers worry that the remarks by Bush and Bolton are a more
honest expression of the administration's stance toward Pyongyang than are
its public comments supporting engagement. "Bush's mood towards North
Korea is decidedly sceptical, borderline hostile," says a
congressional aide handling East Asia.
Bush's remarks, as his spokesman Ari Fleischer later stressed,
contained nothing new and went nowhere near proposing a military strike
against North Korea. Nonetheless, the State Department hurriedly contacted
South Korea's embassy in Washington with reassurances that the U.S. still
supported of Seoul's policy of engaging North Korea, according to a senior
South Korean government official.
But in the context of a broadening war against terrorism to include
nations which supply terrorists with missiles or nuclear, chemical or
biological weapons, the remarks created considerable unease in Seoul.
South Koreans point out that Bush seemed to call for inspections of the
entire gamut of Pyongyang's arsenal of weapons of mass
destruction--something North Korea is unlikely to concede.
"As a citizen of Seoul, I know that if Bush wants a second war
against North Korea, South Korea will suffer greatly," says Choi Won
Ki, a reporter covering North Korea for Seoul's JoongAng Ilbo newspaper.
Korean policymakers fret that the heightened rhetoric could wreck gains
made in engaging North Korea, which include increased business exchanges,
family reunions and a fading of military tensions.
Explains the senior South Korean official: "It created unnecessary
concern not only for the South Korean public but also in North Korea that
the Korean peninsula can be a battleground again. We want a peaceful
atmosphere on the peninsula."
Dialogue with North Korea, a process pushed hardest by South Korea's
President Kim Dae Jung, who last year won the Nobel Peace Prize for his
efforts, has been almost nonexistent since Bush took office. Pyongyang
broke off talks with Washington in March after Bush publicly stated his
mistrust of Kim Jong Il. Inter-Korean talks have been fitful at best
since then, despite Secretary of State Colin Powell's insistence that he
was ready for talks with North Korea "anywhere, any time."
Powell's offer was viewed as a softening of Washington's stance. But
September 11 has bolstered the hardliners. One consequence may be the
suspension of construction of two light-water reactors that a consortium
of nations agreed to build for North Korea in return for dismantling its
older reactors capable of producing weapons-grade plutonium.
The Bush administration is pushing for earlier inspections by the
International Atomic Energy Agency to ensure North Korea's nuclear
facilities pose no threat before key components for the new reactors are
shipped. "If the situation is like this I don't think North Korea
will fully cooperate," says the senior South Korean official.
Larry Niksch, an Asia specialist with the Library of Congress, believes
Bush's broad-brush reference on November 26 to all weapons of mass
destruction might indicate a cloudy future for the reactor project.
"With the new emphasis post-September 11, the Bush administration may
speed up a decision on whether to continue or suspend the project if North
Korea is not in compliance."
What weapons is North Korea hiding? It is believed to have abided by the
terms of the 1994 Agreed Framework under which it gets the new reactors.
But the Central Intelligence Agency believes Pyongyang might have kept
enough plutonium to build one or two nuclear weapons. The inspections are
meant to find whether it did.
North Korea has the missile systems required to deliver a nuclear
warhead. By nature difficult to conceal from satellite cameras, North
Korea's missile sites are well documented, though there is dispute over
the threat they pose. The best known site is Musudan, on the northeast
coast near the towns of Nodong and Taepodong (literally "cannon
town")--after which the North's two biggest missiles are named. It is
from Musudan that Nodong missiles with a range of 1,000 kilometres were
tested to a range of 500 kilometres in 1993.
In August 1998, Pyongyang stunned the world by testing a three-stage
Taepodong 1 missile over Japan. The missile splashed into the Pacific
Ocean. Work is believed to be well advanced on a Taepodong 2 missile,
capable of travelling more than 4,000 kilometres. No tests have been
conducted since 1998, but test preparations at Musudan for a rocket the
size of the Taepodong 2 were detected by U.S. intelligence in 1999.
According to media reports, North Korea may have tested Taepodong missile
engines at Musudan, without lift-off, in late 1999 and early 2000.
Exports of these missiles, and the transfer of technical know-how,
provide North Korea with its biggest export earner: up to $1 billion in a
good year, according to Ko Young Hwan, a former North Korean diplomat who
defected in 1991. He told the U.S. Senate in 1997 that Pyongyang sold its
missiles mainly to Iran, Syria, Egypt and Libya. Most recently, according
to newspaper reports in Israel and South Korea, North Korea sold Nodong
missiles and manufacturing technology to Cairo earlier this year.
According to defector reports and analysis of the missile programmes of
several Middle Eastern states, North Korea's clients fall into two groups:
those like Syria that only buy missiles and others like Iran and Egypt
that cooperate with Pyongyang on missile development as well as buying its
Countries in the latter group test missiles based on North Korean
blueprints, which could explain Kim Jong Il's willingness to place a
moratorium on such tests until 2003 in return for economic and diplomatic
benefits from the U.S. Intelligence sources say that the Nodong was first
tested by North Korea. Further tests were carried out by Iran, which had
based its Shebab 3 missile on the Nodong technology bought from Pyongyang.
The North's chemical weapons programme is believed to be mature. With
at least eight factories producing nerve, blister, choking and blood
agents in bulk since 1989, estimates of its stockpile run from 250 tonnes
to 5,000 tonnes. Production of biological weapons, the renewed concern
since the recent anthrax attacks in the U.S., was accelerated at the
direction of North Korean leader Kim Il Sung in 1990, according to the
Federation of American Scientists.
The FAS says the North probably has limited quantities of biological
toxins including anthrax, yellow fever and smallpox. Though it joined the
Biological Weapons Convention in 1987, North Korea has refused to be bound
by it, one of the factors behind Undersecretary Bolton's comments on
But pinning North Korea down won't be easy. Han Sung Joo, who was South
Korea's foreign minister during the 1993-94 nuclear crisis, when North
Korea breached the Treaty on Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons, says
extending the war on terrorism by demanding access to the North's
biological weapons and missile facilities would be a long shot at best.
"Unlike in 1994, there's no legal instrument to fall back
on," says Han. "Therefore it would be very difficult to bring
the international community to join the U.S. effort to open up North Korea
Bolton is pushing for a toughening of the Biological Weapons Convention to
ensnare nations that flout it. But the U.S. will find it tough to move
ahead on North Korean chemical and biological weapons without hard
evidence of North Korean sales of such to the likes of Al Qaeda. To date,
the only evidence to support this notion was a sketchy news report in
November quoting a Taliban witness saying he saw a germ-warfare specialist
who may have been North Korean instructing Al Qaeda operatives.
Given these difficulties, Washington might find it has little choice but
to show more patience with North Korea. "Our hands are tied when
dealing with North Korea," explains a former U.S. State Department
official. "We can't do military action. The administration is
starting to play up the biological weapons programme, but I don't think
they've discovered anything new in North Korea. It's just a lot of public
Washington may be playing games of its own. South Korean officials hold
the hope that the Bush administration's new focus on North Korea is more
about building domestic support for its missile-defense system than
freezing out Pyongyang.
Another positive for those who seek engagement: A minor shooting
incident on November 27 in the Demilitarized Zone notwithstanding, North
Korea's response to the American hard line has been more muted than
expected. Does this mean the Taliban's demise has scared Pyongyang?
Maybe--but probably not enough to let America in on the secrets of the
February 8 Vinalon Factory.
North Korea is one of seven nations on the U.S. State Department's list of
terrorism sponsors. In 1983 it bombed the South Korean cabinet in Burma.
In 1987 its agents bombed a South Korean airliner, killing 115 people. In
recent years it has condemned terrorism and refrained from high-profile
attacks. The State Department, though, says Pyongyang maintains links with
U.S. within range of new N.
Korea Missile Test
WASHINGTON (AP) ÃƒÆ’Ã‚Â¢ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚Â¬ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã‚Â North Korea is accelerating preparations for
testing a missile that has the potential to strike the United
States, a U.S. government official said Friday. A test of the
Taepodong-2 long-range missile may be imminent, the official said.
The official agreed to speak but only on the
condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the
The official said the Bush administration is
very concerned about activities that point toward a test, but
declined to elaborate.
State Department spokesman Sean McCormack
told reporters that any missile launch by the North Koreans would be
a provocation and would violate their 1999 commitment not to carry
out such tests.
He had no comment on reports that a North
Korea test launch may be in the offing.
Japanese and South Korean officials also have
expressed concern in recent days about the reported North Korean
missile launch activities. Kyodo News agency in Japan reported that
an additional rocket section had arrived at a North Korean launch
site within the past two days.
In Tokyo, the Japanese government responded
to news reports about a possible test by warning that any such step
would jeopardize the country's security.
The reports of a possible launch come after a
prolonged hiatus in six-party nuclear disarmament talks designed to
create a Korean peninsula free of nuclear weapons.
Persistent efforts by the United States and
other members of the group to persuade North Korea to resume the
discussions have not been successful. There have been no discussions
since last November.
North Korea is demanding that the United
States revoke sanctions that Washington imposed several months ago
in response to alleged North Korean counterfeiting of U.S. dollars
and other currency violations.
McCormack reaffirmed on Friday that the
United State strongly supports a resumption of the six-party talks.
Copyright 2006 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.
Rice calls N. Korea missile threat 'provocative'
Mon Jun 19, 2006 10:34am ET
Korea Missile Test
By Sue Pleming
WASHINGTON, June 19 (Reuters) - The United States and Japan warned
North Korea on Monday against a missile launch that experts say could
reach as far as Alaska and threatened harsh action if the test flight
The warning coincided with the assessment by some officials that
Pyongyang may have finished fueling for the launch of its long-range
U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said a missile launch by
North Korea would be viewed as a very serious matter and
"provocative act" that would further isolate Pyongyang.
"We will obviously consult on next steps but I can assure
everyone that it would be taken with utmost seriousness," said Rice
at a news conference.
In Tokyo, Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, who has twice
met North Korean leader Kim Jong-il since taking office in 2001, said
Tokyo, Washington and Seoul were all urging Pyongyang to act rationally
and with restraint.
"Even now, we hope that they will not do this," Koizumi
told a news conference. "But if they ignore our views and launch a
missile, then the Japanese government, consulting with the United
States, would have to respond harshly."
Koizumi declined to specify what steps Japan would take. The United
States is consulting fellow members of the U.N. Security Council, said
Washington's ambassador to the United Nations, John Bolton.
Bolton said Washington did not know what North Korea's intentions
The United States has found itself blocked by veto-wielding council
members China and Russia in past attempts to raise North Korea's
nuclear-weapons program in the Security Council.
Pentagon spokesman Bryan Whitman said the United States had a limited
missile-defense system. Asked if the U.S. military would try to shoot
down a North Korean missile, he would not discuss details about the
capabilities or potential use of the system.
"I will not get into or discuss any specific alert status or
capabilities," Whitman told reporters.
South Korean broadcaster YTN cited officials in Seoul as saying a
launch of the North's Taepodong-2 missile was imminent.
However, speculation that the missile would be fired over the weekend
came to nothing, and forecasts of cloud and rain over North Korea until
Wednesday could delay it even further.
Tension over North Korea added to downward pressure on the Japanese
yen, Korean won and Taiwan dollar on Monday, although currency markets
were more focused on rising U.S. interest rates
North Korea shocked the world in 1998 when it fired a missile, part
of which flew over Japan and landed in the Pacific Ocean. Pyongyang said
it had launched a satellite. Since 1999, it has adhered to a moratorium
on ballistic missile launches.
U.S. officials said Washington had warned Pyongyang against a missile
launch through a message passed to North Korean diplomats at the United
Nations, but it had had no response.
Australia, one of the few Western countries with diplomatic ties to
North Korea, said it had summoned Pyongyang's ambassador in Canberra to
express its concerns.
Reports of test preparations coincide with a stalemate in six-party
talks on unwinding Pyongyang's nuclear arms programs.
In Seoul, across the heavily fortified border dividing the two
Koreas, the daily Dong-A Ilbo quoted a South Korean government official
as saying the launch could be imminent.
"We think North Korea has poured liquid fuel into the missile
propellant built in the missile launching pad. It is at the finishing
stage before launching," the official said.
Any test would be expected to involve a Taepodong-2 missile with an
estimated range of 2,175 to 2,670 miles (3,500 to 4,300 km). At that
range, parts of Alaska in the United States would be within reach as
would Asia and Russia.
U.S. officials said Pyongyang could still decide to scrap the launch,
but that was unlikely given the complexity of siphoning fuel back out of
a missile prepared for launch.
Some experts say that if there is no launch within 48 hours of
fueling, the fuel will break down and damage the missile
But Cho Min, an expert on the North at Seoul's Korea Institute for
National Unification, said fuel could stay for up to a month in the
missile without causing major problems.
(Additional reporting by Carol Giacomo and Kristen Roberts in
Washington, Irwin Arieff in New York, Jon Herskovitz and Jack Kim in
Seoul, Elaine Lies, Teruaki Ueno and Linda Sieg in Tokyo and Michelle
Nichols in Canberra)
ÃƒÆ’Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ãƒâ€šÃ‚Â© Reuters 2006. All Rights Reserved
Priscilla Rodriguez Reporting
KNX 1070 NEWSRADIO
TOKYO (KNX) -- According to Japanese media reports, North Korea says it can
conduct missile tests if it wants, and other countries should butt
The U.S. and its allies are warning the country not to launch a
long-range ballistic missile capable of reaching the U.S. The French
prime minister says such a test should draw a "firm and just''
world response. The U-N secretary general says North Korea must
"hear what the world is saying.''
Japan's public broadcaster N-H-K says satellite pictures show
fueling vehicles still surround the suspected launch site and about
a-thousand troops guard it.
Kyodo News reports a North Korean Foreign Ministry official says
the government is "not bound'' to hold off on tests by any
The north also today criticized U-S efforts to build a missile
defense system, saying it will create a new arms race.
Copyright 2006 by The Associated
Press. All Rights Reserved.
Korea Missile Found In Alaska??
on Tuesday, June 20 2006 02:59:05 PDT by JWSmythe
The warhead of a long-range missile
test-fired by North Korea was found in the U.S. state of Alaska, a report
to the National Assembly revealed yesterday.
``According to a U.S. document, the last piece of a missile warhead
fired by North Korea was found in Alaska, former Japanese foreign
minister Taro Nakayama was quoted as saying in the report. ``Washington,
as well as Tokyo, has so far underrated Pyongyang missile capabilities.
The report was the culmination of month-long activities of the
AssemblyÃƒÆ’Ã‚Â¢ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚Â¬ÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¾Ã‚Â¢s overseas delegation to five countries over the North Korean
nuclear crisis. The Assembly dispatched groups of lawmakers to the United
States, Japan, China, Russia and European Union last month to collect
information and opinions on the international issue.
June 20, 2006]
U.S. activates missile defense, may intercept N. Korea missile+
(Japan Economic Newswire Via Thomson Dialog NewsEdge) WASHINGTON, June
The United States has moved its ground-based missile defense system from
test to operational mode and is considering the option of intercepting
North Korea's long-range missile if launched, the Washington Times
Quoting U.S. officials speaking on condition of anonymity, the newspaper
said the system was activated within the past two weeks in the wake of
North Korea stepping up preparations for launching a Taepodong-2
long-range ballistic missile.
Reuters and other media reported U.S. officials as confirming the
Washington Times report.
The missile shield includes 11 long-range interceptor missiles, including
nine deployed at Fort Greeley, Alaska, and two at Vandenberg Air Force
Base in California, the Washington Times said.
Two U.S. Navy Aegis warships are patrolling near North Korea as part of
the global missile defense system and would be among the first sensors
that would trigger the use of interceptors, the newspapers said.
One senior administration official was quoted as telling the Washington
Times that the U.S. government is considering the option of shooting down
the Taepodong missile with responding interceptors.
The officials said an immediate launch is unlikely because of poor weather
conditions above North Korea's missile site located by U.S. intelligence
satellites, according to the newspaper.
But it also quoted U.S. intelligence officials as saying preparations have
advanced to the point where a launch could take place within "several
days to a month."
U.S. Northern Command spokesman Michael Kucharek was reported as saying
that the command "continues to monitor the situation, and we are
prepared to defend the country in any way necessary."
Many Americans in Missile Range Just Shrug
What, me worry? Many Americans in North
Korea missile range respond with a shrug
of Missile Range
ANCHORAGE, Alaska, Jun. 22, 2006
By MARY PEMBERTON Associated Press Writer
(AP) The Alaskan coastal village of Hooper Bay is
about 3,200 miles from North Korea's intercontinental missile. For
some in the Bering Sea town, that's a bit too close for comfort.
"I don't feel so remote anymore," says Elmer Simon,
tribal administrator for the Yu'pik Eskimo town of 1,100.
From villages in Alaska to beaches in Hawaii and the largest
cities of the West Coast, Americans in the potential range of a
North Korean missile test added the threat to the list of dangers
they already face in a troubled world.
But for most, a missile was too distant, too unlikely a threat to
interrupt their daily lives.
"A better question is when's the next earthquake," Ernie
De Matteis said as he flipped through a newspaper in San
Some experts believe North Korea could be preparing to test-fire a
Taepodong 2 missile with enough range to reach Alaska and parts of
the U.S. mainland, depending on the size of the weapon's payload.
The missile has never been put through a test flight, and U.S.
officials do not know whether North Korea is capable of putting a
nuclear warhead on it. The North Korean government has claimed it
has nuclear weapons, but no U.S. official has been shown
Robert O'Connor, who was preparing to eat lunch with his
grandchildren in the shadow of Seattle's Space Needle, isn't
buying the threat.
"I don't think the United States or any of the other
countries in the world are going to allow North Korea to get to a
point where they've got a nuclear-tipped missile, you know, ready
to fire at somebody," he said.
For Sandy Brickner, a systems security officer in Seattle,
worrying about bombs is somebody else's problem.
"That's what our government is supposed to do, not me,"
she said. "I have no control over it."
Two U.S. guided-missile destroyers are off the Korean coast. And
if a missile were to be launched toward the United States, the
government could fire interceptor rockets from Alaska or
California. But the missile-defense system has never had an
unscripted test, and several planned tests have failed.
Off Hawaii's coast Thursday, the United States and Japan were
holding a joint exercise Thursday to test their missile-destroying
Back in Honolulu, office manager Alohalani Hose couldn't be
bothered with it all.
"Why worry about that when I got my life to worry
about?" she said. "If you worry, it causes stress,
anxiety and you deteriorate and die. So why worry?"
Around Alaska's Fort Greely, which has nine of the interceptor
rockets, folks weren't fretting either.
Pete Hallgren, city manager of nearby Delta Junction, said he and
other city officials met at the base this week to discuss a
construction project and the missile issue never came up.
"Nobody seemed to show any concern about the flurry of press
reports about North Korea," he said. "The talk around
here is the potential for the hotel, power plant and clinic."
It's also business as usual in Nome, a western Alaska city of
Bruce Klein, executive director of the Nome Community Center,
acknowledged his neighbors can be somewhat insulated _ and that's
not always a bad thing.
"If we were thinking about all this stuff and everything
that's out there, and of course the situation with the missiles in
North Korea, I think we would all be on Prozac."
Associated Press writers Juliana Barbassa in San Francisco,
Elizabeth M. Gillespie in Seattle and Jaymes Song in Honolulu
contributed to this report.
MMVI The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved
N Korea's missile launch 'no bluff'
June 23, 2006 Edition 4
Seoul - South Korea today said that North Korea was making
genuine plans to test-fire a missile, but warned Pyongyang that
its actions were a miscalculation and would not change US policy.
Preparations for the launch of a Taepodong-2 with a range of
up to 6 700km have been under way for several weeks at Musudanri
on the remote northeast coast of North Korea. US reports have said
a launch was imminent.
Lee Jong-Seok, the minister responsible for handling North
Korean relations, said he believed North Korea had intended to
launch a missile all along. The minister told parliament he did
not believe that North Korea's preparations were a mere bluff.
"I think it has been moving for a real launch," he
Lee said North Korea hoped to influence US policy, but had
miscalculated as Washington would not bow to pressure from
"The United States will not make a compromise even if
North Korea fires a missile," he added. - Sapa-AFP
North Korea's missiles bring it cash and clout
By Jon Herskovitz and Jack Kim
Friday, June 23, 2006; 7:28 AM
SEOUL (Reuters) - North Korea started its missile
program in part to deliver a first strike on the South but
it has grown into a source of cash and a possible way for a
poor state with an obsolescent air force to deliver a
Experts say Pyongyang lacks the technology to
miniaturize a nuclear weapon for missile delivery, but it
does have an arsenal capable of hitting all of South Korea
and almost all of Japan.
The missile program was in part born out of the
1950-1953 Korean War when the North had trouble striking
U.S. and South Korean forces in the southeastern part of the
The missile now apparently sitting on a pad in North
Korea awaiting a possible test launch is believed to be the
Taepodong-2, an untested multi-stage missile that experts
say Pyongyang eventually wants to develop as a means of
delivering nuclear weapons thousands of kilometers (miles)
"The only reason North Korea has a long-range
missile program is to deliver a nuclear weapon," said
one diplomatic source in Seoul who is familiar with
Most of the missiles in its arsenal are variants of
the Soviet-designed Scud. North Korea has at least 600 of
these, designed to deliver conventional, chemical or
"North Korea's original motive for developing
ballistic missiles likely followed Soviet doctrine by
viewing missiles as a form of extended-range artillery that
can strike an enemy's rear during a conflict," the
Center for Nonproliferation Studies wrote in a recent
With nuclear weapons, North Korea, a poor country of
about 22.5 million, gains a seat at the table with the
world's richest and most militarily advanced country, the
Apart from boosting North Korea's military threat,
missiles also generate cash.
Pyongyang has made hundreds of millions of dollars
exporting missiles and missile technology to countries such
as Iran, U.S. officials and proliferation experts say.
The backbone of its air force is 780 fighters and 80
bombers, which use aging Soviet technology. The bombers
would have little chance of dropping a nuclear bomb before
being shot down by the superior U.S., Japanese and South
Korean air forces, experts say.
Missiles are a convenient alternative for a country
such as North Korea, experts say, because they are an
easier, cheaper means of delivering a weapon than building a
modern air force.
One major concern for North Korea as it prepares to
launch the Taepodong-2 is whether its technology is capable
of firing the third-stage booster that would send a payload
into space, as if failed to do in a previous test firing in
Another failure, with U.S. intelligence and world
attention tracking every second of the flight, would mean a
huge loss of face for Pyongyang no matter how hard its
propaganda machine works, the experts said.
U.S. Navy test intercepts warhead
Friday, June 23, 2006; Posted: 12:26 p.m. EDT (16:26 GMT)
A missile is launched from the USS Shiloh on Thursday off Hawaii
| Profile: Mystery
surrounds Kim Jong Il
| Notebook: Prism
to the Soviet era
plays down calls for pre-emptive strike
| Feature: Macau
focus of probe
begins massive war games
(CNN) -- A U.S. warship has successfully knocked down a short-range
missile fired from Hawaii, the Pentagon has said, amid global concerns
about a possible North Korea missile test.
An interceptor rocket fired from the cruiser USS Shiloh knocked down
the warhead from a target missile about 250 miles off Kauai shortly after
noon (6 p.m. ET), the Defense Department's missile defense agency reported
The U.S. missile defense agency said Thursday's test had been scheduled
for months and was not prompted by indications that North Korea was
planning to test launch a long-range missile, AP reported. (Watch
why the missiles' .500 batting average is meaningless -- 1:18
The latest test of the U.S. missile defense program is the seventh time
in eight attempts the military has successfully shot down a target with a
ship-based interceptor, the Pentagon said.
A Japanese warship took part in the exercise, using its radar to track
the test missile, the Pentagon said.
It is the first time a U.S. ally has taken part in a sea-based missile
defense test after Tokyo agreed to develop missile defense technology with
America last year.
Tokyo became interested in developing the technology after North Korea
last test-fired a missile, firing it over Japan's main island, according
to The Associated Press.
The North Koreans fired the Taepodong-1 missile in 1998, but declared a
moratorium on future tests in 1999.
Thursday's exercise was conducted as the United States, Japan and other
countries are monitoring North Korea's reported preparations for a
long-range missile test. (Watch
what the United States is using to keep an eye on North Korea -- 2:02
Pyongyang is now suspected of preparing a longer-range missile, the
Taepodong-2, for launch. Analysts suspect that missile could be capable of
reaching the western United States.
Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld said Thursday that "all the
intelligence suggests they have been making preparations for a launch of a
missile," but it was not clear whether a launch was imminent.
"There's a lot we know and a lot we don't know, so we'll just have
to see," Rumsfeld said.
The United States, Russia, China, Japan and South Korea have been
trying to persuade the isolated Stalinist state to give up its pursuit of
nuclear weapons in six-party talks since 2002. Hadley called on North
Korea to "respect its own moratorium" Thursday and return to the
"That is the message the Chinese, Japanese, South Koreans and
everybody else has sent to the North Koreans -- that we are trying to deal
with a broader set of issues with North Korea through the six-party talks,
and a test would obviously be disruptive of those talks," he said.
Sea-based missile defense tests have been more successful than tests of
the land-based interceptor system the Pentagon has deployed in Alaska and
California. That system has had five successful tests out of 10, with the
last successful test in 2002.
But Pentagon officials say the technical problems that plagued more
recent tests have been resolved, and National Security Adviser Stephen
Hadley said earlier that the $11 billion system has "some limited
Copyright 2006 CNN. All rights reserved.This material may not be
published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. Associated
Press contributed to this report.
defense missile a North Korea option
(UPI Top Stories Via Thomson Dialog NewsEdge) President George
Bush is ready to utilize the U.S. missile defense system if
North Korea tests a ballistic missile in a way that threatens
the United States.
This week White House National Security Adviser Stephen J.
Hadley said Bush was prepared to use the anti-ballistic
missile system. Air Force Lt. Gen. Henry A. Trey Obering III
said he is confident the defense system is up for the job.
U.S. intelligence agents say North Korea may be getting ready
to test a Taepodong-2 missile, which has the capability to
reach Alaska or the U.S. west coast.
The Washington Times reports the North Korea missile site may
be the launching point of a satellite, though, sparking
dramatic attention but not an immediate threat.
If needed, the U.S. missile defense system would use sea-based
and surface-to-air missiles aimed at taking out another
The system was tested successfully Thursday although tests in
the past have resulted in inconclusive or failing results.
mulls deploying antimissile cruiser near Japan soon+
(Japan Economic Newswire Via Thomson Dialog NewsEdge)
WASHINGTON, June 25_(Kyodo) _ The United States is considering
deploying the Navy's Aegis cruiser Shiloh, which is equipped
with an advanced missile defense system, to areas around Japan
as part of efforts to deal with North Korea's preparations to
test-fire a long-range ballistic missile, U.S. government
sources said Sunday.
The deployment would move up the U.S. government's original
schedule of stationing the Shiloh in Japan at the U.S. naval
base in Yokosuka, Kanagawa Prefecture, in August.
Japan has already mobilized an Aegis-equipped destroyer of the
Maritime Self-Defense Force amid growing worries about North
Korea's preparations to test fire a Taepodong-2 ballistic
The Shiloh would be deployed in two weeks at the earliest, the
In an interceptor test last Thursday off Hawaii, a Standard
Missile-3 interceptor fired by the Shiloh successfully shot
down a warhead separated from a ballistic missile outside the
The MSDF's Aegis destroyer Kirishima took part in the test,
performing long-range surveillance and tracking exercises
together with another U.S. Aegis destroyer.
U.S. officials said the scheduled test, the eighth of its
kind, was unrelated to North Korea's preparations to test-fire
the missile, but it came amid reports that the United States
has moved its ground-based missile defense system from the
test to the operational mode, and is considering trying to
intercept the North Korean missile.
U.S. President George W. Bush will make a final decision on
the early deployment of the Shiloh and on whether to intercept
the Taepodong-2, the sources said.
Japan and the United States are jointly developing an upgraded
version of the SM-3 interceptor to make it capable of shooting
down long-range intercontinental missiles.
The joint project began after North Korea launched a
Taepodong-1 missile in 1998, part of which flew over Japan
into the Pacific Ocean. Pyongyang agreed on a missile-test
moratorium a year later in 1999 -- a commitment it has upheld
to date although it maintains the 1998 launch was a
satellite-delivering multistage rocket.
North Korea fired Taepodong missile which failed
Tue Jul 4, 2006 5:13 PM EDT
By Jim Wolf
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - North Korea launched a long-range
Taepodong-2 missile and two small Scud-type missiles within a
two-hour period, but the long-range missile appears to have
failed, a diplomatic source told Reuters on Tuesday.
CNN also reported that a Taepodong had been fired.
The Taepodong 2 missile, which had been under intense
scrutiny by the United States and other western powers,
appeared to have failed in flight, the diplomatic source said.
A Pentagon official told Reuters North Korea appeared
also to have launched at least two small Scud-type missiles,
but not the intercontinental ballistic missile that has been a
focus of international concern.
"This appears not to be the launch of the missile
that's been so widely reported of late," said the
official, who asked not to named. He referred to the small
missiles as "lesser variety" Scud types.
The official spoke before reports that the third,
long-range Taepodong missile firing had been reported.
Japan's NHK TV reported the first of the two smaller
missiles landed in the Sea of Japan about 375 miles from
A Japanese government official confirmed the launch but
said it was unclear if it was a Taepodong ballistic missile.
Japan's Defense Minister reported separately that a
second missile had been fired, according to NHK.
An Air Force facility protecting the nerve center of
U.S. homeland defense at Cheyenne Mountain, Colorado, had been
on heightened alert, the U.S. military said, amid persistent
reports that North Korea
may be set to test-fire the long-range missile.
The commander of U.S. Northern Command ordered the
Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station, which rings the bunkered
operations center, to take "necessary security
precautions commensurate with its missions," said Michael
Kucharek, a spokesman for the U.S. Northern Command.
American officials have led a global chorus of concern
that North Korea may soon test the Taepodong-2, believed
capable of reaching Alaska.
It was the North's first missile firing in eight years.
On Monday, Pyongyang vowed to respond with an
"annihilating" nuclear strike if attacked
preemptively by the United States.
The heightened "force protection" level was
put in place in the past two weeks, said Kucharek, adding that
he could not be more specific because details of the move were
Lt. Col. Marcella Adams, a spokeswoman for the Air Force
Space Command, said precautions had been stepped up for the
safety and security of people working in the complex.
Behind 25-tonne steel doors, the Cheyenne Mountain
operations center lies within a 4.5-acre (1.8-hectare) grid of
excavated chambers and tunnels surrounded by 2,000 feet (610
meters) of granite.
The U.S. Northern Command, based at Paterson Air Force
Base near Cheyenne Mountain along with the space command,
operates interceptor missiles buried in silos, nine of them at
Ft. Greeley, Alaska, and two, at Vandenberg Air Force Base,
Cheyenne Mountain was built in the early 1960s with a
responsibility for warning of any incoming missiles. It is
home to elements of the bi-national, U.S.-Canadian, North
American Aerospace Defense Command, or NORAD.
Ã‚Â© Reuters 2006. All Rights Reserved.
U.S. officials: North Korea tests long-range missile
July 4, 2006 - (CNN) -- North Korea
test-launched a Taepodong-2 missile early Wednesday along with
several short-range rockets, but the long-range missile
apparently failed, U.S. officials said.
The White House said there was no immediate threat to the
United States, but called the North Korean tests "a
U.S. officials said there were five missile launches in
A senior official confirmed the first three launches were
at 2:33 p.m. ET Tuesday (3:33 a.m. Wednesday in North Korea),
3:04 p.m. ET and 4.:01 p.m. ET. The official said the third
launch, of the long-range rocket, failed after 42 seconds.
North Korea's preparations for a long-range missile test
have been closely monitored for weeks. A senior State
Department official told CNN the Taepodong-2, which some U.S.
analysts fear could hit the western United States, appears to
have failed in flight.
Two smaller North Korean missiles were fired from a
different site shortly before the larger missile was tested,
U.S. intelligence and State Department officials said.
U.S. military sources said those two missiles landed in the
Sea of Japan, one closer to Russia and the other closer to
White House press secretary Tony Snow said that after
President George W. Bush was informed of the tests, he spoke
to Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld, Secretary of State
Condoleezza Rice and National Security Adviser Stephen Hadley.
Hadley described the tests as "provocative
"We can now examine what the launches tell us about
the intentions of North Korea," he said.
Christopher Hill, assistant secretary of state, was to
travel to North Asia on Wednesday to consult with countries
there on the latest series of tests, Snow said.
In Tokyo Wednesday, a government spokesman said Japan will
consider sanctions against North Korea over the missile
launches, Kyodo news agency reported.
In Seoul, Yonhap news agency said the South Korean
government had called a ministerial meeting early Wednesday
morning in reaction to the tests.
In Beijing, a Chinese foreign ministry spokesman said China
was awaiting further information before responding.
A senior U.S. State Department official said the launches
were timed to coincide with the launch of the space shuttle
Discovery from Florida, calling it "a provocative act
designed to get attention."
Analysts said the tests appeared to have been intended to
draw international attention back to North Korea -- and to the
stalled talks aimed at convincing Pyongyang to abandon its
nuclear weapons program.
North Korea is believed to have the capability to produce
several nuclear weapons but has never tested one.
"They are trying to send quite a signal not only to
the United States but to the rest of the world that they
should be taken quite seriously," said Wendy Sherman, a
former State Department official who held talks with North
Korean leader Kim Jong Il during the Clinton administration.
At the United Nations, U.S. Ambassador John Bolton said he
was "urgently consulting" with other members of the
15-nation Security Council.
Washington and North Korea's Asian neighbors -- South
Korea, China, Russia and Japan -- have been trying to persuade
North Korea to give up its nuclear program since 2002, but
those talks have stalled in recent months.
Jim Walsh, a national security analyst at the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, said the intent of the test appeared
to be aimed at drawing attention back to North Korean demands
in the six-party talks. But Walsh said the tests "do not
represent an immediate military threat to the United
"It's very difficult technology. They very clearly
have not mastered it," he said. "Most estimates are
they will not master it for another 10 years."
The United States, Japan and other countries have warned
North Korea against a long-range missile test. The North
Koreans fired a Taepodong-1 missile over Japan in 1998, but
declared a moratorium on future tests in 1999.
"One would expect from any administration for there to
be sanctions, for there to be a tough response to this,"
On Monday, North Korea's state-run media accused the United
States of harassing it and vowed to respond to any pre-emptive
attack "with a relentless annihilating strike and a
nuclear war with a mighty nuclear deterrent." (Watch
why North Korea is talking about annihilating the U.S. -- 2:04)
The White House has dismissed that threat as
But the U.S. Northern Command increased security measures
at its Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station in Colorado
Springs, Colorado, a few weeks ago, a military official
The base is the seat of the North American Aerospace
Defense Command, and some of its command-and-control
operations might be used if the United States attempted to use
its ballistic missile interceptors to shoot down a Taepodong-2
But a Pentagon official said the missile appears to have
failed on its own, without any American effort to knock it
In other planning measures instituted in the past several
days, Northern Command, along with the Federal Aviation
Administration, has put standby commercial flight restrictions
into place over Vandenberg Air Force Base in California and
Fort Greely, Alaska, where U.S. interceptor missiles are
President Bush warned last week that the isolated Stalinist
state would face even further isolation if it launched the
Taepodong-2, which U.S. analysts fear is capable of reaching
the western United States. (Full
"The North Koreans have made agreements with us in the
past, and we expect them to keep their agreements," Bush
said last month at the end of a European Union summit.
"It should make people nervous when nontransparent
regimes, that have announced that they've got nuclear
warheads, fire missiles," Bush said. "This is not
the way you conduct business in the world. This is not the way
that peaceful nations conduct their affairs."
CNN's David Ensor, Kyra Phillips, Elise Labott,
Justine Redman, Atika Shubert and Barbara Starr contributed
to this report.
NORAD alert status stepped up
North Korea tests missiles
COLORADO SPRINGS, Colorado
(AP) -- The North American Aerospace Defense Command has
been placed on heightened alert, a spokesman said.
NORAD monitors the skies for threats to North American
security. On Tuesday, U.S. officials said that North Korea
test-launched a long-range missile that may be capable of
reaching the United States, but that the missile failed
after 35 or 40 seconds.
NORAD was placed on "Bravo-Plus" status,
slightly higher than a medium threat level, on Monday, said
Michael Kucharek, a spokesman for NORAD and the U.S.
Northern Command, which is responsible for defending U.S.
"There's a lot going on," Kucharek said.
"The safety of our people and resources is our top
Copyright 2006 The Associated
Press. All rights reserved.
North Korea Vows to Continue Missile Tests
Russia, China Oppose Sanctions at United Nations
By KWANG-TAE KIM, AP
SEOUL, South Korea (July 6,
2006) - A
defiant North Korea on Thursday threatened to test-fire
more missiles and warned of even stronger action if
opponents of the tests put pressure on the country, amid
signs of further activity at the reclusive regime's launch
The further show of bravado by Pyongyang came
amid intense diplomatic jockeying by the United States and
its allies to prod the U.N. Security Council to take stern
action against the North's seven missile tests Wednesday.
In its first statement on the
launches, North Korea 's Foreign Ministry insisted the
communist state had the right to test its missiles and
argued the weapons were needed for defense.
"The successful missile
launches were part of our military's regular military
drills to strengthen self-defense," said the
statement, which was carried by the state-run Korean
Central News Agency. "As a sovereign country, this is
our legal right and we are not bound by any international
law or bilateral or multilateral agreements."
The statement did not mention
the apparent failure of the most advanced missile it
tested, the long-range Taepodong-2, which security
officials say aborted less than a minute after takeoff.
The ministry also appeared to
confirm mounting fears in South Korea that the North was
preparing for further launches. South Korean officials
said intelligence showed continued activity at Northern
missile sites, though at least one official said another
launch was not imminent.
The Bush administration
dismissed North Korea 's threat to test more missiles.
"We're certainly not going
to overreact ... to these wild statements out of Pyongyang
and North Korea ," said Undersecretary of State R.
Nicholas Burns. "We've seen them before."
Pyongyang vowed to retaliate
against efforts to interfere with the launches, but it did
not specify what it would do.
"Our military will continue
with missile launch drills in the future as part of
efforts to strengthen self-defense deterrent. If anyone
intends to dispute or add pressure about this, we will
have to take stronger physical actions in other
forms," the statement said.
At the United Nations, splits
emerged among the critics of the North's testing program.
China, the North's closest ally, and Russia, which has
been trying to re-establish Soviet-era ties with
Pyongyang, said only diplomacy could halt North Korea 's
nuclear and rocket development programs.
OTHER PAGES ON THIS SITE REGARDING KOREA
DREAM OF 33
... KOREA ON THE 33RD PARALLEL. ... Nor would administration officials
who briefed reporters say whether they think North Korea has produced such
a weapon. ...
EARTH CHANGE MAPS and MAP
... Java]; Interactive Korea Route Finding Map [Java]; The Saskatoon
(Saskatchewan, Canada) City Map Online; Map of Museums in St. Peterburg ...
PAKISTAN HISTORY AND
... lawmakers said. Jiang said China doesn't want to see North Korea develop
a long-range missile capability, said Sen. Joseph Biden ...
ANOTHER PEARL HARBOR
IN OUR FUTURE?
... John Glenn (D., O.), a Marine Corps jet pilot in Korea. ... In addition,
prepositioned equipment is maintained ashore in Korea for one Army brigade.
IN GREY - DEATH IN THE OFFICE!!!!
... then Reagan's campaign manager, and Donald Gregg, now US Ambassador
to South Korea, flew with George Bush to Paris ...
IS THE INTERNET BEING
DISABLE OR DESTROYED FROM OUTSIDE THE US ...
. 1. More infections are being spread from the US, Korea and China than
other countries, however experts still don't know the origin of either of
the worms, Levy ...
... Remembering the Forgotten War: Korea, 1950-1953 Though some insist
it should be referred to as the "Korean Conflict" or a police action because
THE ULTIMATE DREAM - THE
ELECTION AND MIND CONTROL
... the American national security apparat - and that the knowledge gleaned
from Japan's horrifying germ warfare experiments probably WAS used in Korea
THE COMING WAR
... The events, scheduled to take place throughout the United States,
the Republic of Korea and the Pacific from 2000 to 2003, are intended "to
honor and thank all ...
THE DARK SIDE OF
... testimony that Rupp, the late CIA Director William Casey - then Reagan's
campaign manager, and Donald Gregg, now US Ambassador to South Korea
SIGNS IN THE SKY -
... Konkoly Observatory ( Hungary ); Kopernik Astronomical Society; Korean
Central News Agency of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea - North
ARE YOU GIVING UP YOUR
FREEDOMS FOR SECURITY?
... the American national security apparat - and that the knowledge gleaned
from Japan's horrifying germ warfare experiments probably WAS used in Korea
GREAT DREAMS - EARTHCHANGES
... the American national security apparat - and that the knowledge gleaned
from Japan's horrifying germ warfare experiments probably WAS used in Korea,
just as ...
... The obvious villain would be China, possibly North Korea with Chinese
backing. Whichever, a new cold war with China could be launched. ...
HOPES IN BELARUS - A
... for counterfeiting. He is believe to have had a $100 million budget
from Iraq or North Korea to buy materials for a bomb. ...
... He also contended that North Korea had supplied Iran with a medium-range
missile and that the two countries were cooperating to develop a long-range
- THE PHOENIX LIBERATOR
... primarily radar) during the Korean War. Do you not find it interesting
that Bush is in Korea this very day? The second factor was the ...
AND PROPHECY OF IRAQ
... We decide for ourselves what we're going to do." Vice-President Dick
Cheney repeated the promise to prevent Iraq, Iran and North Korea from
threatening America ...
WARNING - BEING SELF
... them, this weekend on their second trip there in less than two months.
South Korea, Indonesia and Thailand all have received IMF rescue packages.
... world. In nations like Albania and North Korea, religion is outlawed,
and the practice of religion in any form is severely repressed. ...
D-DAY - HISTORICAL OR
... Hoon, testifying before a parliamentary defense committee, identified
Iraq, Iran, North Korea and Libya as "states of concern" and warned that
"they can be ...
rallies protest possible US war on Iraq
... similar rallies were planned and held in San Francisco, California,
Chicago, Illinois, and cities in Mexico, Japan, Spain, Germany, South Korea,
Belgium and ...
AND TERRORISM PREPAREDNESS
... civilian populations. 1950 - 1953: An array of germ warfare weapons
were allegedly used against North Korea. Accounts claim that ...
KENT STATE - PROTEST - A
... The State of the Union address, in which Bush called Iran, Iraq, and
North Korea an ''axis of evil'' that was threatening to the United States,
seemed to ...
Star Wars: The Next
... The 1998 report asserted that, within five years of deciding to do
so, a rogue state such as North Korea or Iran could acquire a ballistic missile
capable of ...
TERRORISM - WORLD
TRADE CENTER - 9-11-2001 - MILITARY PAGE
... to take 235,000 barrels of marine diesel fuel from Kuwait to Diego
Garcia, site of a US Air Force base in the Indian Ocean, and from South Korea
to Japan, ship ...
TERRORISM - WORLD
TRADE CENTER - 9-11-2001 - MILITARY PAGE 2
... `What we're engaged in is something that is very, very different from
World War II, Korea, Vietnam, the Gulf War, Kosovo, Bosnia, the kinds of
things people ...
TERRORISM - WORLD
TRADE CENTER - 9-11-2001 - PAGE 3
... (Civil War, World War I, World War II, Korea, Viet Nam, Desert Storm,
1812, Revolution, Spanish American War). The only answer possible is civilian
BOMBING OF THE WORLD
TRADE CENTER - 9-11-2001 - DAY 4
... time, accounts began coming into the White House bunker that four
international flights were heading toward Washington over the Atlantic and
another from Korea ...
BOMBING OF THE WORLD
TRADE CENTER - 9-11-2001 - PAGE 7
... Beach, Florida, since 1999. Students there come from Africa, Korea,
and Germany as well as from Arab states. They have told FBI ...
BOMBING OF THE WORLD
TRADE CENTER - 9-11-2001 - PAGE 8
... weapons. When the program began in 1998 the first US troops to get
the vaccinations were those deployed in Korea and the Middle East. ...
TERRORISM - WORLD
TRADE CENTER - 9-11-2001 - PAGE 9
... obtaining the machinery and material necessary to produce a nuclear
weapon, although the programmes of rogue states such as Iraq and North
Korea remain a ...
TERRORISM - WORLD
TRADE CENTER - 9-11-2001 - PAGE 10
... Pakistan 200, Paraguay 2, Peru 6, Philippines 117. Portugal 25, Russia
117, South Africa 6, South Korea 27. Spain 8, Sweden 1, Switzerland 6, Taiwan
THE HORRORS OF WAR
- PEACE AT ANY PRICE?
... The men who went into battle in Korea against tanks and minds of the
... Secretary Cohen reminded the veterans that Americans still stand guard
in South Korea. ...
ROBERT F. KENNEDY MEMORIAL
PAGE - INHUMANITY VS VIRTUE
... South Korea - Kim In So, . The Hunting Down of Cochise and Geronimo
- 1861, Tolerance. . Trust. The Trail of Tears - 1830, Trustworthiness. .
Truth. . Truthfulness. . ...
THE UNITED NATIONS -
A VISION AND THE REALITY
... China, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Korea North, Korea Sourth, Libya,
Pakistan, Palestine Authority, Taiwan, Tibet, NEWS. 1997, UN Earth Summit.
1999, UN Earth Climate Debate. ...
SMALL POX - THE DREAM
AND THE REALITY
... a missile programme. There have also been allegations that supplies
were sold to Iraq and North Korea. Initial smallpox symptoms ...
CHINA SHIP MISHAP - ACCUSED
OF LINING UP 100 MISSILES
... to the disputed Spratly Islands. China, along with Japan and South
Korea, will meet with ASEAN on Sunday. When asked if ASEAN would ...
THE NEW WORLD ORDER
- A GOOD THING?
... D. Australian-Tasmanian race (Australian Aborigines). V. Mongoloid
Subspecies. A. Northeast Asian race (various subraces in China, Manchuria,
Korea and Japan). ...
NATIONAL SECURITY - HOLIDAY
... Perhaps they want to deter foes. The wild card is that some (Cuba,
Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Syria) are also considered architects of
DEES DREAMS AND VISIONS
... 12-11-97 - VOICE - "I went to North Korea one time and it was in 1st
... I was reading my life story "Terrorized", then saw a connection to
greatdreams.com and the ...
THE PRESIDENTIAL CABINET
- HILARY CLINTON VS CLONING - THE DREAM ...
... He recently headed a panel that concluded countries such as North
Korea and Iran could eventually have the capacity to launch ballistic missiles
at the United .
DIASPORA and RACE
... Within the field of Asian Studies in the United States, the holy trinity
of China, Japan (with Korea included in the space between the first two),
and India ...
- A PROBLEM TO SURVIVAL OF HUMAN EXISTENCE
... And where they were rising, eg, in Korea, they helped created enormous
and nearly fatal competitive disadvantages, as demonstrated by the financial
crisis that ...
PENTAGON REVEALS WEAPONS
... documents, Norris and his co-authors said they could identify 17 of
those other locations, ringing the globe from Canada to Iceland to South
Korea and Japan.
DEES DREAMS AND VISIONS
- MAY, 1995
MAY, 1995. 5-1-95 - DREAM - (Vision or is this a dream?) North Korea will
be the first country to shoot down a UFo with a ground to air missile. ****.
DEES DREAMS AND
11-4-99 - VISION/VOICE - "Just because of Korea, Russia, and China...I
wouldn't necessarily condemn New York, Washington, and New Jersey.". ...
DREAMS OF CHINA
... 11-4-99 - VISION/VOICE - "Just because of Korea, Russia, and China...I
wouldn't necessarily condemn New York, Washington, and New Jersey.". ...
DEE'S DREAMS AND VISIONS
- JUNE, 2002
... As for myself, I was young, - so it was either Korea or World War
II, though it could have been Vietnam. It was scary in the barracks. ...
DREAMS and ARTICLES REGARDING
DREAMS OF THE GREAT EARTHCHANGES -