Rabbi Jonathan Cahn




Dee Finney's blog

start date July 20, 2011

today's date April 17, 2014

updated June 5, 2014

updated September 7, 2014


page 666




The Mystery of the Shemitah (Jonathan Cahn)
Shemitah (Shmitah) web definition: The seventh year, during which the fields were to be left fallow (Leviticus 25:1-7) and debts released (Deuteronomy 15:1-11) [is called in] Hebrew Shemitah (“Release”). The seven years are counted in the cycle of fifty culminating in the Jubilee [see below] and are known by tradition. The year 2000/1, for instance, [was] a Sabbatical year. In order to avoid the cancellation of all debts, a serious hardship in our commercial society, the device was introduced even in Talmudic times of handing the debts over before the end of the Sabbatical year, to a temporary court consisting of three persons, the debts then being considered to have been paid to the court beforehand.


by Rabbi Cahn  on the JewishVoice show


The next Shemitah begins September 25, 2014

The Four Blood Moon period is a year and a half.



One year of that period is the Shemitah.

The two solar eclipses in 2015 mark the Shemitah. One marks the exact center day of the Shemitah. The other marks the end of the end of the Shemitah on September 13, 2015.

There is another kind of weird thing about this. May 10th of 2013

NASA - Annular Solar Eclipse of 2013 May 10


This page is part of the NASA Eclipse Website. It uses Google Maps to create an interactive map of the Annular Solar Eclipse of 2013 May 10 .

Another solar eclipse was 2014 April 29. That was the anniversary of the last time they tried to erect the spire and couldn't do it because it was too windy.  That was also the deadline for Israel and the Palestinians to sign a Peace agreement and it failed because Israel pulled because the Palestinians signed a Peace agreement with an Arab group two days earlier.


Israel suspends peace talks with Palestinians

The Israeli cabinet has suspended peace talks with the Palestinians a day after Fatah and Hamas agreed to form a unity government.

The World Trade Center was designed in the year of the Shemitah.

The tower symbolizes us saying we are going to go higher and higher.

The word 'Shemitah means: To release or to let fall.

The question is: Are destined for Judgment or can Judgment be averted?

Rabbi Cahn believes that a Great Shaking is going to come to this Nation. Whether it comes on these dates or not, it is going to happen. It can be the economy, finance, all our systems or other things, a great shaking. 

I think if has to happen at this point because if nothing happens to America and America continues on its course, there is no hope.


I believe too that there can be revival too in the midst of it. If people ask if there is Judgment or revival, it can be both.

And something to do wiwth 9/11, I believe that's why the Harbinger came out before ...

Rabbi Cahn stated, "The first thing I would NOT do, I would not be investing in the stock market. The most important thing is to get right with the Lord. If you are afraid and say, 'What am I going to do, and want to be safe, get into the Will of God.

Whatever it takes, whatever is not in the Will of God, get it out, whatever you need in - get it in.

I would be ready for a time when things get interrupted and almost like a famine in the land. I would be ready for that.

The main thing is - Don't fear, because if you are in Yeshua - Yeshua means salvation and safety.

Just make sure your whole life is right. Now is the time. It's crucial.

Spread the word - Get the Gospel out.

We are the Watchmen. Don't fear, just be right with God."


Now watch this series of videos by Rabbi Jonathan Cahn (Author of The Harbinger)!

PART 1  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h_Wiz_s7RQw

PART 1  -SECTION 2  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RKHjoepbf3U

PART 1  - SECTION 3  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YDrtMw_0hJc

PART 2  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bSbwAIhcLWg

PART 2  -SECTION 2  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gstb9z4_vRg

PART 2 - SECTION 3  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hwx6Qu5aJVQ

PART 2  - SECTION 4  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sL7QifzYSj4

THE HARBINGER  http://www.greatdreams.com/blog-2013-3/dee-blog558.html

FOUR BLOOD MOONS  http://www.greatdreams.com/blog-2013-3/dee-blog577.html

THE TRIBULATION  http://www.greatdreams.com/blog-2013-3/dee-blog570.html

REVELATION 17  http://www.greatdreams.com/blog-2013-3/dee-blog612.html

THE ANTICHRIST  http://www.greatdreams.com/blog-2012/dee-blog97.html








THE FALL OF AMERICA BY HAL LINDSEY  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N1irARqJrS0

THE POPE AND THE TWO ANTI-CHRISTS  BY HAL LINDSEY https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=blukMxvkhIQ

THE TRUTH OF WHY POPE BENEDICT XVI RESIGNED  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tCDy2BcMgxU

POPE FRANCIS' VIDEO FULFILLS PROPHECY https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IsF2q-8ez08

PASTOR DOUG BATCHELOR TELLS - WHEN TO LEAVE THE CITIES:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zO6JMCcmQpk





REVELATION PROPHECY 1  OF 7  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=snELbJompbA

REVELATION PROPHECY 2 OF 7  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x9saDuviGM4

REVELATION PROPHECY 3 OF 7  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LfwUp1sfHNE

REVELATION PROPHECY 4 OF 7  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p8WJZlzGS0w

REVELATION PROPHECY  5 OF 7  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D7NJG-6QsOQ

REVELATION PROPHECY 6 OF 7  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JmIXTnY_v6I

REVELATION PROPHECY 7 OF 7  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qMMovEwOL-o





Dates of major and minor Jewish holidays for Hebrew Year 5775. Each holiday page includes a brief overview of special observances and customs, and any special Torah readings.

All holidays begin at sundown on the evening before the date specified in the tables below. For example, if the dates for Rosh Hashana were listed as Sep 19-20, then the holiday begins at sundown on Sep 18 and ends at sundown on Sep 20. Dates in bold are yom tov, so they have similar obligations and restrictions to Shabbat in the sense that normal "work" is forbidden.


Major holidays

Holiday Dates Description
Rosh Hashana Sep 25-26, 2014 The Jewish New Year
Yom Kippur Oct 4, 2014 Day of Atonement
Sukkot Oct 9-10, 2014
Oct 11-15, 2014
Feast of Tabernacles
Shmini Atzeret Oct 16, 2014 Eighth Day of Assembly
Simchat Torah Oct 17, 2014 Day of Celebrating the Torah
Chanukah Dec 17-24, 2014 The Jewish festival of rededication, also known as the Festival of Lights
Purim Mar 5, 2015 Purim is one of the most joyous and fun holidays on the Jewish calendar
Pesach Apr 4-5, 2015
Apr 6-9, 2015
Apr 10-11, 2015
Passover, the Feast of Unleavened Bread
Shavuot May 24-25, 2015 Festival of Weeks, commemorates the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai
Tish'a B'Av Jul 26, 2015 The Ninth of Av, fast commemorating the destruction of the two Temples

Minor holidays

Holiday Dates Description
Tu BiShvat Feb 4, 2015 New Year for Trees
Purim Katan Minor Purim celebration during Adar I on leap years
Shushan Purim Mar 6, 2015 Purim celebrated in Jerusalem and walled cities
Days of the Omer 7 weeks from the second night of Pesach to the day before Shavuot
Pesach Sheni May 3, 2015 Second Passover, one month after Passover
Lag B'Omer May 7, 2015 33rd day of counting the Omer
Leil Selichot Sep 5, 2015 Prayers for forgivenes in preparation for the High Holidays

Minor fasts

Holiday Dates Description
Tzom Gedaliah Sep 28, 2014 Fast of the Seventh Month, commemorates the assassination of the Jewish governor of Judah
Asara B'Tevet Jan 1, 2015 Fast commemorating the siege of Jerusalem
Ta'anit Esther Mar 4, 2015 Fast of Esther
Ta'anit Bechorot Apr 3, 2015 Fast of the First Born
Tzom Tammuz Jul 5, 2015 Fast commemorating breaching of the walls of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar

Modern holidays

Holiday Dates Description
Yom HaShoah Apr 16, 2015 Holocaust Memorial Day
Yom HaZikaron Apr 22, 2015 Israeli Memorial Day
Yom HaAtzma'ut Apr 23, 2015 Israeli Independence Day
Yom Yerushalayim May 17, 2015 Jerusalem Day

Special Shabbatot

Holiday Dates Description
Shabbat Shuva Sep 27, 2014 Shabbat that falls between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur (Shabbat of Returning)
Shabbat Shekalim Feb 14, 2015 Shabbat before Rosh Chodesh Adar
Shabbat Zachor Feb 28, 2015 Shabbat before Purim
Shabbat Parah Mar 14, 2015 Shabbat of the Red Heifer
Shabbat HaChodesh Mar 21, 2015 Shabbat before Rosh Chodesh Nissan
Shabbat HaGadol Mar 28, 2015 Shabbat before Pesach
Shabbat Chazon Jul 25, 2015 Shabbat before Tish'a B'Av (Shabbat of Prophecy/Shabbat of Vision)
Shabbat Nachamu Aug 1, 2015 Shabbat after Tish'a B'Av (Shabbat of Consolation)
Shabbat Rosh Chodesh When Shabbat falls on Rosh Chodesh
Shabbat Machar Chodesh When Shabbat falls the day before Rosh Chodesh

Rosh Chodesh

Holiday Dates Description
Rosh Chodesh Cheshvan Oct 24, 2014 Beginning of new Hebrew month of Cheshvan
Rosh Chodesh Kislev Nov 23, 2014 Beginning of new Hebrew month of Kislev
Rosh Chodesh Tevet Dec 22, 2014 Beginning of new Hebrew month of Tevet
Rosh Chodesh Sh'vat Jan 21, 2015 Beginning of new Hebrew month of Sh'vat
Rosh Chodesh Adar Feb 19, 2015 Beginning of new Hebrew month of Adar
Rosh Chodesh Adar II Beginning of new Hebrew month of Adar II (on leap years)
Rosh Chodesh Nisan Mar 21, 2015 Beginning of new Hebrew month of Nisan
Rosh Chodesh Iyyar Apr 19, 2015 Beginning of new Hebrew month of Iyyar
Rosh Chodesh Sivan May 19, 2015 Beginning of new Hebrew month of Sivan
Rosh Chodesh Tamuz Jun 17, 2015 Beginning of new Hebrew month of Tamuz
Rosh Chodesh Av Jul 17, 2015 Beginning of new Hebrew month of Av
Rosh Chodesh Elul Aug 15, 2015 Beginning of new Hebrew month of Elul


The sabbath year (shmita Hebrew: שמיטה‎, literally "release") also called the sabbatical year or sheviit (Hebrew: שביעית‎, literally "seventh") is the seventh year of the seven-year agricultural cycle mandated by the Torah for the Land of Israel, and still observed in contemporary Judaism.

During shmita, the land is left to lie fallow and all agricultural activity, including plowing, planting, pruning and harvesting, is forbidden by halakha (Jewish law). Other cultivation techniques (such as watering, fertilizing, weeding, spraying, trimming and mowing) may be performed as a preventative measure only, not to improve the growth of trees or other plants. Additionally, any fruits which grow of their own accord are deemed hefker (ownerless) and may be picked by anyone. A variety of laws also apply to the sale, consumption and disposal of shmita produce. All debts, except those of foreigners, were to be remitted.

Chapter 25 of the Book of Leviticus promises bountiful harvests to those who observe the shmita, and describes its observance as a test of religious faith. There is little notice of the observance of this year in Biblical history and it appears to have been much neglected.

Ancient Near East fallow years

It is still discussed among scholars of the Ancient Near East whether or not there is clear evidence for a seven-year cycle in Ugaritictexts. It is also debated how the biblical seventh fallow year would fit in with, for example Assyrian practice of a four-year cycle and crop rotation, and whether the one year in seven was an extra fallow year. Jehuda Felix (Encyclopedia Judaica. 1972) suggests that the land may have been farmed only 3 years in seven. Borowski (1987) takes the fallow year as one year in seven.

Biblical references

A "sabbath year" is mentioned several times in the Bible:

Isaiah is informing King Hezekiah that if he will agree to observe the Sabbath year that coming fall (701 BCE), and the Jubilee [Yovel] the year after (700 BCE), and then resume planting and harvesting in the following year (699 BCE) then God will act against Sennacherib'ssiege of Jerusalem. {see 2Kings 19:32-37} There is no other occasion on the Hebrew calendar when two years of scheduled non-planting occur back-to-back. Hezekiah apparently agrees, as the siege is diverted. Since the date of Sennacherib's invasion of Judah and siege against Jerusalem is known to archaeologists as the spring and summer of 701 BCE, this is evidence that the dates the Rabbinate considers to be the Sabbath years and Jubilee years are incorrect — the last Jubilee would have been 2001 (because there was no year "0" between 1 BCE and 1 CE, and the most recent Sabbatical year therefore began on Rosh Chodesh Tishri in September 2008.

This interpretation, namely that the 2 Kings passage (and its parallel in Isaiah 37:30) refers to a Sabbatical year followed by a Jubilee year, runs into a difficulty when the original language of these two passages is examined. The text says that in the first year the people were to eat "what grows of itself," which is expressed by one word in the Hebrew, saphiah (ספיח). In Leviticus 25:5, the reaping of thesaphiah is forbidden for a Sabbatical year, thus making the interpretation given just above difficult to maintain. The following is an alternative explanation that is at least as old as Adam Clarke's 1837 commentary, and which does not encounter this difficulty. The Assyrian siege had lasted until after planting time in the fall of 701 BCE, and although the Assyrians left immediately after the prophecy was given (2 Kings 19:35), they had consumed the harvest of that year before they left, leaving only the saphiah to be gleaned from the fields. In the next year, the people were to eat "what springs from that", Hebrew sahish (סחיש). Since this word occurs only here and in the parallel passage in Isaiah 37:30, where it is spelled שחיס, there is some uncertainty about its exact meaning. If it is the same as theshabbat ha-arets (שבת הארץ) that was permitted to be eaten in a Sabbatical year in Leviticus 25:6, then there is a ready explanation why there was no harvest: the second year, i.e. the year starting in the fall of 700 BCE, was a Sabbatical year, after which normal sowing and reaping resumed in the third year, as stated in the text.

Another interpretation obviates all of the speculation about the Shmitta year entirely, translating the verse as: "And this shall be the sign for you, this year you shall eat what grows by itself, and the next year, what grows from the tree stumps, and in the third year, sow and reap, and plant vineyards and eat their fruit." . According to the Judaica Press commentary, it was Sennacherib's invasion that prevented the people of Judah from sowing in the first year and Isaiah was promising that enough plants would grow to feed the population for the rest of the first year and the second year. Therefore, Isaiah was truly providing a sign to Hezekiah that God would save the city of Jerusalem, as explicitly stated, and not an injunction concerning the Shmittah or Yovel years, which are not mentioned at all in the passage.

Rabbinical interpretations

The rabbis of the Talmud and later times interpreted the Shmita laws in various ways to ease the burden they created for farmers and the agricultural industry. The Heter Mechirah (leniency of sale), developed for the Shmita year of 1888-1889, permitted Jewish farmers to sell their land to non-Jews so that they could continue to work the land as usual during Shmita. This temporary solution to the impoverishment of the Jewish settlement in those days was later adopted by the Chief Rabbinate of Israel as a permanent edict, generating ongoing controversy between Zionist and Hareidi leaders to this day.[16] There is a major debate among halakhic authorities as to what is the nature of the obligation of the Sabbatical year nowadays. Some say it is still biblically binding, as it has always been. Others hold that it is rabbinically binding, since the Shmita only biblically applies when the Jubilee year is in effect, but the Sages of the Talmud legislated the observance of the Shmita anyway as a reminder of the biblical statute. And yet others hold that the Shmita has become purely voluntary. An analysis by respected Posek and former Sephardic Chief Rabbi Ovadiah Yosef in his responsa Yabi'a Omer (Vol. 10), accorded with the middle option, that the Biblical obligation holds only when a majority of the Jewish people is living in the Biblical Land of Israel and hence the Shmita nowadays is a rabbinic obligation in nature. This approach potentially admits for some leniencies which would not be possible if the Shemitah were biblical in origin, including the aforementioned sale of the land of Israel. Haredi authorities, on the other hand, generally follow the view of the Chazon Ish, that the Shmita continues to be a Biblical obligation.

The Sma, who holds that Shmitta nowadays is only a Rabbinic obligation, holds that the Biblical promise of bounty for those who observe the Shmitta (Leviticus 25:20-22) only applies when the Biblical obligation is in effect, and hence that the Biblical promise of bounty is not in effect today. However, the Chazon Ish, who holds that the Biblical obligation of Shmitta observance remains in effect today, holds that the Biblical promise of bounty follows it and Divine bounty is promised to Jews living in the Land of Israel today, just as it was promised in ancient times. However, he holds that Jews should generally not demand miracles from Heaven and hence that one should not rely on this promise for one's sustenance, but should instead make appropriate arrangements and rely on permissible leniencies.

Haredi Jews tell stories of groups of Israeli Jews who kept the Shmitta and experienced remarkable agricultural events which they describe as representative of miracles in fulfillment of the Biblical promise of bounty. One famous story is told about the then-two-year-old village ofKomemiyut during the 1952 Shmittah. The village was one of the few who refrained from working the land that year. At the end of the Shmittah, farmers searching for seed to plant found only wormy, inferior seed that had been rotting for years in an abandoned shed. Rabbi Binyamin Mendelson advised them to sow this seed anyway, saying "The Almighty who causes wheat to sprout from good seed will bless your inferior seed as well," even though it was three months after neighboring villages had planted their fields. They did. That year the fall rains came late, the day after the Komemiyut seed was sown. As a result, the neighboring villages had a meager harvest, while the village of Komemiyut, who sowed from the old store, had a bumper crop.

Observance in the Eretz Yisrael (Israel)

According to the laws of shmita, land owned by Jews in the Land of Israel is left unfarmed. The law does not apply to land in the Diaspora. In Biblical times any naturally growing produce was left to be taken by poor people, passing strangers, and beasts of the field. While naturally growing produce such as grapes growing on existing vines can be harvested, it cannot be sold or used for commercial purposes; it must be given away or consumed. Personal debts are considered forgiven at sunset on the 29th of Elul. Since this aspect of shmita is not dependent on the land, it applies to Jews both in Israel and elsewhere.

As produce grown on land in Israel owned by Jewish farmers cannot be sold or consumed, fruits and vegetables sold in a shmita year may be derived from five sources:

Halakhic authorities prohibit removing produce with Sabbatical sanctity (shevi'it produce) from the Land of Israel or purchasing such produce outside the land of Israel. Some authorities hold that tourists should be careful not to carry any such produce on an airplane leaving Israel even for consumption mid-air.

There is a requirement that shevi'it produce be consumed for personal use and cannot be sold or put in trash. For this reason, there are a variety of special rules regarding the religious use of products that are normally made from agricultural produce. Some authorities hold that Hannukah candles cannot be made from shevi'it oils because the light of Channukah candles is not supposed to be used for personal use, while Shabbat candles can be because their light can be used for personal use. For similar reasons, some authorities hold that if theHavdalah ceremony is performed using wine made from shevi'it grapes, the cup should be drunk completely and the candle should not be dipped into the wine to extinguish the flame as is normally done.

The otzar beit din system is structured in such a way that biur remains the responsibility of members of individual households and hence warehoused produce does not have to be moved to a public place or reclaimed at the biur time. Households only have to perform biur on produce they receive before the biur time, not on produce they receive after it.

Because the Orthodox rules of Kashrut have strictures requiring certain products, such as wine, to be produced by Jews, the leniency of selling one's land to non-Jews is unavailable for these products, since these strictures would render the wine non-Kosher. Accordingly, wine made from grapes grown in the land of Israel during the Shmita year is subject to the full strictures of Shmita. New vines cannot be planted. Although grapes from existing vines can be harvested, they and their products cannot be sold.

While obligatory to the Orthodox as a matter of religious observance, observance of the rules of Shmita is voluntary so far as the civil government is concerned in the contemporary State of Israel. Civil courts do not enforce the rules. A debt would be transferred to a religious court for a document of prosbul only if both parties voluntarily agreed to do so. Many non-religious Israeli Jews do not observe these rules, although some non-religious farmers participate in the symbolic sale of land to non-Jews to permit their produce to be considered kosher and sellable to Orthodox Jews who permit the leniency. Despite this, during Shmita, crop yields in Israel fall short of requirements so importation is employed from abroad.

Talmudic references

According to the Talmud, observance of the Sabbatical year is of high accord, and one who does not do so may not be allowed to be a witness in an Orthodox religious court. Nonetheless, Rabbinic Judaism has developed Halakhic (religious-law) devices to be able to maintain a modern agricultural and commercial system while giving heed to the Biblical injunctions. Such devices represent examples offlexibility within the Halakhic system

Hillel the Elder, in the first century BCE, used the rule that remittance of debts applies only to debts between Jews, to develop a device known as Prosbul in which the debt is transferred to a Beit Din (religious court). When owed to the court rather than to an individual, the debt survives the Sabbatical year. This device, formulated early in the era of Rabbinic Judaism when the Temple in Jerusalem was still standing, became a prototype of how Judaism was later to adapt to the destruction of the Second Temple and maintain a system based on Biblical law under very different conditions.

The rabbis of the Jerusalem Talmud created rules to impose order on the harvesting process including a rule limiting harvester on others' land to taking only enough to feed themselves and their families. They also devised a system, called otzar beit din, under which arabbinical court supervised a communal harvesting process by hiring workers who harvested the fields, stored it in communal storage facilities, and distributed it to the community.

There exists a major difference of opinion between two Acharonim, the Beit Yosef and the Mabit, as to whether produce grown on land in Israel which is owned by non-Jews also has sanctity. According to the Beit Yosef, such produce has no sanctity and may be used and/or discarded in the same way as any produce grown outside of Israel. According to the Mabit, the fact that this produce was grown in Israel, even by non-Jews, gives it sanctity, and it must be treated in the special ways detailed above.

The Chazon Ish, a noted Hareidi halachic authority who issued key rulings on Jewish agricultural law (mitzvos tlu'os ba'aretz)in the 1930s and 1940s, ruled like the Mabit, holding that produce grown on land in Israel owned by non-Jews has sanctity. The Chazon Ish's ruling was adopted first by the religious families of Bnei Brak and is popularly called Minhag Chazon Ish (the custom of the Chazon Ish).

The rabbis of Jerusalem, on the other hand, embraced the opinion of the Beit Yosef that produce farmed on land owned by non-Jews has no sanctity. This opinion is now called Minhag Yerushalayim (the custom of Jerusalem), and was adopted by many Haredi families, byBritish Mandate Palestine, and by the Chief Rabbinate of Israel.

These respective opinions are reflected in the way the various kashrut certifying organizations publicize their Shmita and non-Shmita produce. The Edah HaChareidis, which follows Minhag Yerushalayim, buys produce from non-Jewish farms in Israel and sells it as "non-Shmita produce." The Shearit Yisrael certifying organization, which subscribes to Minhag Chazon Ish, also buys from non-Jewish farmers in Israel, but labels the produce as such so that customers who keep Minhag Chazon Ish will treat these fruits and vegetables with appropriate sanctity.


In Halakha (Jewish law), produce of the seventh year that is subject to the laws of Shmita is called sheviit, (sheviis in Ashkenazic Hebrew).Shevi'it produce has sanctity requiring special rules for its use:

By Biblical law, Jews who own land are required to make their land available during the Shmita to anyone who wishes to come in and harvest. If the land is fenced etc., gates must be left open to enable entrance. These rules apply to all outdoor agriculture, including private gardens and even outdoor potted plants. Plants inside a building are exempt. However, the Rabbis of the Mishna and Jerusalem Talmud imposed rabbinic ordinances on harvesters to ensure an orderly and equitable process and to prevent a few individuals from taking everything. Harvesters on others' land are permitted to take only enough to feed themselves and their families.

Heter mechira

In the late 19th century, in the early days of Zionism, Rabbi Yitzchak Elchanan Spektor came up with a halakhic means of allowing agriculture to continue during the Shmita year. After ruling in favor of Minhag Yerushalayim, that the biblical prohibition consists of not cultivating the land owned by Jews ("your land", Exodus 23:10), Rabbi Spektor devised a mechanism by which the land could be sold to a non-Jew for the duration of that year under a trust agreement. Under this plan, the land would belong to the non-Jew temporarily, and revert to Jewish ownership when the year was over. When the land was sold under such an arrangement, Jews could continue to farm it. Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook, the first Chief Rabbi of British Mandate Palestine, adopted this principle, which became known as the heter mechira (lit. "sale permit").

The heter mechira was accepted by Modern Orthodox Judaism and is one of the classic examples of the Modern Orthodox approach toward adapting classical Jewish law to the modern world. However, this approach has not been universally accepted in the Orthodoxcommunity and has met with opposition, particularly from Haredi poskim (authorities of Jewish law).

In contemporary religious circles these rabbinic leniencies have received wide but not universal acceptance. In Israel, the Chief Rabbinate obtains permission from all farmers who wish to have their land sold. The land is then legally sold to a non-Jew for a large sum of money. The payment is made by a cheque post-dated to after the end of the Sabbatical year. When the cheque is returned or not honoured at the end of the year the land reverts to its original owners. Thus, the fields can be farmed with certain restrictions.

Although the Orthodox Union's Kashrut Division accepts Minhag Yerushalayim and hence regards the produce of land owned by non-Jews as ordinary produce, it does not currently rely on the heter mechira because of doubts about whether the trust arrangement involved effects a valid transfer of ownership.

Some Haredi farmers do not avail themselves of this leniency and seek other pursuits during the Shmita year.

Storehouse of the rabbinical court

An otzar (storehouse) beit din is an ancient storehouse, mentioned in the Tosefta (Sheviit). Under an otzar beit din, a communityrabbinical court supervises harvesting by hiring workers to harvest, store, and distribute food to the community. Members of the community pay the beit din, but this payment represents only a contribution for services, and not a purchase or sale of the food.

The Talmudic device was revived in modern times as an alternative to the heter mechira for observant Jews wishing to utilize an approach which regards the produce of the Land of Israel as sacred and which undertakes to respect the special rules associated with its sanctity.

Because under this approach land cannot be sown but existing plants can be tended and harvested, the approach is applied to orchards, vineyards, and other perennial crops. Under the approach, a beit din, or rabbinical court supervising the process, hires farmers as its agents to tend and harvest the crops, and appoints the usual distributors and shopkeepers as its agents to distribute them. Individual consumers appoint the court and its designees as their agents and pay monies to court-appointed designees as agents of the court. Thus, under this approach, a legal arrangement is created whereby the crops themselves are never bought or sold, but rather people are merely paid for their labor and expenses in providing certain services. In modern Israel, the badatz is notable for adapting and supervising such arrangements.

The Orthodox Union notes that "to some, the modern-day otzar might seem to be nothing more than a legal sleight of hand. All the regular players are still in place, and distribution rolls along as usual. However, in reality, it is identical only in appearance as prices are controlled, and may correspond only to expenses, with no profit allowed. In addition, the otzar beit din does not own the produce. Since it is simply a mechanism for open distribution, any individual is still entitled to collect produce from a field or orchard on his own. Furthermore, all agents of the beit din are appointed only if they commit to distributing the produce in accordance with the restrictions that result from its sanctity."


Under the rules of the Shmita, produce with Sabbatical sanctity (shevi'it) can only be stored as long as plants of the same species (e.g. plants sprouting by themselves) are available to animals in the fields. Once a species is no longer available in the land, halacha requires that it be removed, made ownerless, and made available to anyone who wishes to take it through a procedure called biur.

The Orthodox Union describes the contemporary application of the rules of biur as follows:

On the appointed day, one must remove all the relevant produce, and all products containing such produce, from his home and take it to a public area such as a sidewalk. Once there, the individual declares the produce in front of three people who do not live with him. He then waits to give the witnesses a chance to claim the produce. Once they have taken what they want, he is permitted to reclaim whatever remains. It is permissible to choose three people whom one knows will not claim the produce for themselves, even though they are legally entitled to.

Thus, while the obligation of making one's produce available to the public and permitted to all takers can be performed in such a way as to minimize the risk that this availability will actually be utilized, this risk cannot be entirely eliminated. The community at large, including members of the poor, must be afforded some opportunity to take the produce.

Biur only applies to produce that has shevi'it sanctity. For this reason, it does not apply to produce grown under the heter mechirah for those who accept it. (Under the reasoning of the heter mechirah the shmita does not apply to land owned by non-Jews, so its produce does not have shevi'it sanctity.)

Since the establishment of the state

The first Shmita year in the modern State of Israel was 1951 (5712 in the Hebrew calendar) Subsequent Shmita years have been 1958–59 (5719), 1965–66 (5726), 1972–73 (5733), 1979–80 (5740), 1986–87 (5747), 1993–94 (5754), and 2000–01 (5761). The last Shmita year began on the Jewish New Year in September 2007, corresponding to the Hebrew calendar year 5768. The 50th year of the land, which is also a Shabbat of the land, is called "Yovel" in Hebrew, which is the origin of the Latin term "Jubilee", also meaning 50th. The Jubilee Yearis not observed in modern times because it only applies when representatives of all twelve tribes have returned and a majority of the world's Jews live in the Land. In 2000, Sefardic Chief Rabbi Eliyahu Bakshi-Doron withdrew religious certification of the validity of permits for the sale of land to non-Jews during the Shmita year following protests against his endorsement of the leniency by members of the Haredi community.


Authorities who prohibit farming in Israel generally permit hydroponics farming in greenhouses structured so that the plants are not connected to the soil. As a result, hydroponics use has been increasing in Haredi farming communities.

Shmita 2007–2008

During the 2007-2008 Shmita, the Chief Rabbinate of Israel attempted to avoid taking a potentially divisive position on the dispute between Haredi and Modern Orthodox views about the correctness of the heter mechirah leniency by ruling that local rabbis could make their own decisions about whether or not to accept this device as valid. The Israel Supreme Court, however, ordered the Chief Rabbinate to rescind its ruling and to devise a single national ruling. The Israel Supreme Court opined that divergent local rulings would be harmful to farmers and trade and could implicate competition. The issue of secular courts ordering the rabbinate to rule in particular ways on religious matters aroused a debate within the Knesset. Israeli wineries often address this issue by making separate batches of Shmita wine, labeled as such, and giving away bottles of Shmita wine as a free bonus to purchasers of non-Shmita wine.

See also


  1. Jump up^ This article incorporates text from Easton's Bible Dictionary (1897), a publication now in the public domain. Sabbatical year - every seventh year, during which the land, according to the law of Moses, had to remain uncultivated (Lev. 25:2-7; comp. Ex. 23:10, 11, 12; Lev. 26:34, 35). Whatever grew of itself during that year was not for the owner of the land, but for the poor and the stranger and the beasts of the field.
  2. Jump up^ Deut 15:1-11
  3. Jump up^ From Easton's Bible Dictionary (1897)
  4. Jump up^ Tony W. Cartledge Vows in the Hebrew Bible and the ancient Near East p304 - 1992 -"455. 3. Cf. C.H. Gordon, "The Biblical Sabbath, its Origin and Observance in the Ancient Near East', Jud 31 (1982), pp. 12-16; idem, 'Sabbatical Cycle or Seasonal Pattern', Or 22 (1953), pp. 79-81, who draws mainly upon Ugaritic ...
  5. Jump up^ D. L. Baker Tight fists or open hands?: wealth and poverty in Old Testament law p224 2009 "Ancient Near East None of the ancient Near Eastern laws legislate for a sabbatical year, nor any other regular fallowing of land, though we know that fallowing was common practice from early times. There are numerous references to ... Feliks (1972: 375) believes the sabbatical was an extra fallow year, so the farmer planted a particular field just three times in seven years. Hopkins (1985: 191-95, 200-202) suggests that the farmer would have planted all his fields in ..."
  6. Jump up^ Baker "In his detailed study of agriculture in Iron Age Israel, Borowski (1987: 143-45) makes no reference to the biennial fallow, and is apparently unaware of the research cited above which has advocated this. He assumes that the sabbatical ..."
  7. Jump up^ http://bible.ort.org/books/pentd2.asp?ACTION=displaypage&BOOK=2&CHAPTER=23
  8. ^ Jump up to:a b http://bible.ort.org/books/pentd2.asp?ACTION=displaypage&BOOK=3&CHAPTER=25
  9. Jump up^ http://bible.ort.org/books/pentd2.asp?ACTION=displaypage&BOOK=5&CHAPTER=15
  10. Jump up^ http://bible.ort.org/books/pentd2.asp?ACTION=displaypage&BOOK=5&CHAPTER=31
  11. Jump up^ http://www.mechon-mamre.org/p/pt/pt1134.htm
  12. Jump up^ http://www.mechon-mamre.org/p/pt/pt35b10.htm
  13. Jump up^ http://www.mechon-mamre.org/e/et/et25b36.htm
  14. Jump up^ Adam Clarke, The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments, with a Commentary and Critical Notes (New York/Nashville: Abingdon Press, no date, but originally published in 1837).
  15. Jump up^ Rabbi A.J. Rosenberg, II Kings, A New English Translation (New York: Judaica Press, 1989).
  16. ^ Jump up to:a b Israel's debate over sabbatical on produce, Steven Erlanger http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/10/07/news/journal.php
  17. Jump up^ http://www.mechon-mamre.org/e/et/et0325.htm
  18. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k l Mordechai Kuber, Shmittah for the Clueless. Jewish Action: The Magazine of the Orthodox Union 68:2 (2007), pp. 68-75.
  19. Jump up^ http://www.youngisraelrabbis.org.il/assets/shmitta.doc
  20. Jump up^ Christou, Jean (2007). "Israel looks to Cyprus as Jewish law orders land to remain fallow". Cyprus Mail. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-08-19.
  21. Jump up^ Jewish Encyclopedia, ""Sabbatical Year and Jubilee", 1906
  22. Jump up^ Yeshivat Ohr Yerushalayim Jewish Law Website: Shmita
  23. Jump up^ Yovel | Yovel | Jubilee Year
  24. Jump up^ Shemittah | Shmita | Get ready for Shemittah Year 5768
  25. Jump up^ Israel's Top Court Backs Loophole in Farming Law, New York Times, October 25, 2007
  26. Jump up^ 'Shmita' Year Controversy in Israel National Public Radio (transcript), October 10, 2007
  27. Jump up^ 'Shmita' Battle Creates Showdown Between Zionists, Haredim Jewish Exponent, October 25, 2007

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    James J. Tissot, "The Waters Are Divided" (1896-1900), watercolor, Jewish Museum, New York. Larger image. When Moses lifts his staff, an extension of his hand ...
  7. www.greatdreams.com/food/food-depopulation.html   Cached
    ... (the equivalent of 7 jewish holocaust annually). Contemporary wars continue to rage on and proliferate. In the nation of Iraq, the ...
  8. www.greatdreams.com/smoke_in_the_catholic_church.htm   Cached
    His iron will was forged at an early age during his bitter struggle for survival as a Jewish adolescent in Nazi-occupied France. He is a difficult ...
  9. www.greatdreams.com/holidays_2002_2004.htm   Cached
    May 16, 2006 (Jewish Year 5766) "I overheard them whispering to each other that they were going to be meeting again on the streets when their holiday ...
  10. www.greatdreams.com/sacred/hopscotch.htm   Cached
    This is generally known as a special Hebrew tradition, the occult philosophy of certain Jewish rabbis, especially in the Middle Ages, based on a ...

  1. www.greatdreams.com/political/cabal.htm   Cached
    VISION/DREAM 6-23-04 - I saw a list of 8 words under each other: They were light blue on a white background. cabal cabala cabalic
  2. www.greatdreams.com/church_massacre.htm   Cached
    CHURCH MASSACRES. BEFORE AND AFTER? THE DREAM AND THE REALITY. compiled by Dee Finney. updated 3-13-04
  3. www.greatdreams.com/great_women_writers.htm   Cached
  4. www.greatdreams.com/greatest.htm   Cached
    THE GREATEST PROPHECY. 3-21-98 DREAM: I was at my 16th St. house. In the backyard were a lot of foreign religious leaders in army uniforms and every one had a gun.
  5. www.greatdreams.com/revblack.htm   Cached
    WHO IS THE BLACK MAN? 10-22-97 - DREAM - Our house was in an apartment building. The Internic (controller of domain names) was installed on the 6th floor.
  6. www.greatdreams.com/33drm.htm   Cached
    THE DREAM OF 33. NORTH AND SOUTH. by Dee Finney. updated 2-19-02 2-15-02 - DREAM - I don't know what city I was in. I knew all the people and my kids were grown ...
  7. www.greatdreams.com/anticrst2.htm   Cached
    9-8-89 - Meditation: Q. "When will the Anti-Christ be revealed." A. "1991". "When he is 29 years old, like Christ was. He will be prominent for 3 years, also like Christ.
  8. www.greatdreams.com/numbers/72/72.htm   Cached
    This article is about the number 72 and the ancient code of numbers found in ancient sites and writings worldwide.
  9. www.greatdreams.com/india/lion_pride.htm   Cached
    THE GOLDEN TEMPLE. The Golden Temple Destination: The Golden Temple, Amritsar INTRODUCTION The Golden Temple is the ultimate Sikh pilgrimage.
  10. www.greatdreams.com/11-11-positive-negative.htm   Cached
    THE MEANING OF 11 AND 11:11 "The Symbolism and Spiritual Significance of the Number 11" 11:11 - What Does it Mean?... added a cross, the perpendicular and ...

  1. www.greatdreams.com/charitis.htm   Cached
    CHARITIES LINKS FOR HUMANITIES RELIEF. Here for your convenience are some of the agencies accepting contributions for refugee assistance to alleviate the current ...
  2. greatdreams.com/war/weapons_of_war.htm   Cached
    The 6th Trumpet Judgment (Revelation 9:13-21) is the destruction of 1/3 of mankind by 200 million demonic horsemen. Although the tendency is to ...
  3. www.greatdreams.com/haarp-sun.htm   Cached
    haarp vs the sun. there is more going on than anyone is allowed to know. updated 10-1-06 "absence of evidence does not correlate to evidence of absence"
  4. www.greatdreams.com/alignment.htm   Cached
    future planetary alignment???? the four worlds. by dee finney. doomsday???? science makes way for planet x to appear to humanity! updated 2-18-08. updated 2-18-11
  5. greatdreams.com/pleiades/7sisters.htm   Cached
    Taurus Star Chart . In Taurus, the better-known group of 'maidens' is the Pleiades, or Seven Sisters, a small but very noticeable cluster of stars on the bull's shoulder.
  6. www.greatdreams.com/reldrms.htm   Cached
    dreams of the great earthchanges religious and spiritual pages. 2-4-07 - letters of paul i received these on sept. 28th of 1950. revelation: the eighth gate and the ...
  7. www.greatdreams.com/reptlan/reptilian-research-contents.htm   Cached
    REPTILIAN RESEARCH. CONTENTS PAGE. compiled by Dee Finney . Abyss and the Beast. AGHARTA This is the underworld. Hindu. aka Agharti, Agharta network, which inclËudes ...
  8. www.greatdreams.com/icke.htm   Cached
    DAVID ICKE RESPONDS TO CHARGES IN CANADA 10-10-99 Subj: Fwd: [earthchanges] David Icke Under Severe Attack- Efforts toSilence Date: 10/10/1999 1:55:32 AM Central ...
  9. www.greatdreams.com/create_peace.htm   Cached
    World Peace - the healing of the world - is achieved through a very simple principle: We Create Peace By Being Peace.
  10. www.greatdreams.com/sacred/levy.htm   Cached
    1260. CHANDRA LEVY ADDRESS IN WASHINGTON D.C. A CONNECTION TO REVELATION? by Dee Finney and Joe Mason. 7-15-2001. updated 5-29-2003. updated 4-11-2013: Armando ...
  1. www.greatdreams.com/blog-2013-3/dee-blog607.html   Cached
    Dee Finney's blog. start date July 20, 2011. today's date December 10, 2013. page 607. TOPIC: THE BOOK OF DANIEL UNSEALED THE CLOCK OF GOD, PROPHECY AND REVELATION
  2. www.greatdreams.com/smallpox.htm   Cached
    small pox. the dream and the reality. dark winter - false flag the soldier's vaccines causes cardiac problems that means they added something to the vaccine
  3. www.greatdreams.com/blog-2014/dee-blog624.html   Cached
    CROSS de LORRAINE . Dee Finney's blog. start date July 20, 2011. today's date January 5, 2014. page 624. TOPIC: CROSS OF LORRAINE. NOTE FROM DEE: I watched a ...
  4. www.greatdreams.com/blog-2013/dee-blog434.html   Cached
    Dee Finney's blog. start date July 20, 2011. today's date January 31, 2013. page 434 . TOPIC: THE ANUNNAKI HAVE RETURNED. NOTE: THE FOLLOWING ARTICLE AND VIDEO HAVE ...
  5. www.greatdreams.com/lessons/turtle.htm   Cached
    Where Is Turtle Island? The name "Turtle Island" comes from a common Native American legend and is their name for the North American continent.
  6. www.greatdreams.com/darkness/coming-darkness.htm   Cached
    These messages are of greater significance than many have realized. They represent the 7 lamps of the lampstand of the tabernacle of meeting.
  7. greatdreams.com/blog-2012-3/dee-blog315.html   Cached
    SIGNS OF SANAI NUCLEAR WAR 2500 BC . Dee Finney's blog. start date July 20, 2011. today's date September 24, 2012. page 315. TOPIC: NUCLEAR WINTER. THIS IS A SCARY ...
  8. www.greatdreams.com/sacred/bridesmaids-cometh.htm   Cached
  9. www.greatdreams.com/prophecy.htm   Cached
    NEW PROPHECIES. THE RETURN OF THE DOVE This event is in progress Mark your calendar for Dec. 21, 2009 and Mar. 21, 2010 THE DEATH OF ESTHER A PROPHECY OF ISRAEL
  10. www.greatdreams.com/sacred/cries_of_moses.htm   Cached
    GOD HEARD THE CRIES OF MOSES. You may want to refer to this map again when you are reading the Bible verses below. compiled by Dee Finney


  1. www.greatdreams.com/prayers2.htm   Cached
    WORLD MEDITATION PRAYERS FOR PEACE-----The Prayer of St Francis-----Lord, make me an instrument of your peace.
  2. www.greatdreams.com/blog-2012-2/dee-blog213.html   Cached
    Dee Finney's blog. start date July 20, 2011. today's date May 6, 2012. page 213 . TOPIC: 88 BOOKS TO READ - and more. this IS TAKEN FROM A DREAM WHERE A MAN TOLD ME ...
  3. www.greatdreams.com/hezbollah.htm   Cached
    HEZBOLLAH. An Experience What's really going on? by Dee Finney. 2-5-2002. updated 7-13-06. 2-5-2002 - I was in the kitchen making breakfast. As I was flipping over ...
  4. www.greatdreams.com/herbal_healing.htm   Cached
    12-18-05 - DREAM - I was living at my 16th St. house. It was early morning and I was getting ready for school. I was talking on the phone to a long distance ...
  5. www.greatdreams.com/bethlehem.htm   Cached
    BETHLEHEM, West Bank, April 6, 2002 (Reuters) - The Israeli army said on Saturday it had helped three Greek Orthodox clergymen and two Palestinian women slip ...
  6. greatdreams.com/numbers/444/444.htm   Cached
    This article provides vital information about the number 444, and the other triplets. Found in crop circles, one is led to see that the numbers are about creation itself.
  7. www.greatdreams.com/plum-tree.htm   Cached
    THE PLUM TREE AND THE PALM TREE. THE DREAM AND PROPHECY. ANOTHER TERRORISM THREAT??? compiled by Dee Finney "The righteous will flourish like a palm tree"
  8. www.greatdreams.com/75.htm   Cached
    THE NUMBER 75 - SEVENTY-FIVE. WHY IS IT IMPORTANT? 75 days to some kind of plague of death? THE RAPTURE? JANUARY 11, 2009? THE MESSIAH ARRIVING IN 2015?
  9. www.greatdreams.com/war/starwars.htm   Cached
    DREAM OF STAR WARS - 8-15-2002 - DREAM - I was making a web page about Star Wars with a white background. The only name mentioned on the page was 'Hans Solo"
  10. www.greatdreams.com/political/cabal2.htm   Cached
    W A S H I N G T O N, May 2 — When Steve Baldwin, the executive director of an organization with the stale-as-old-bread name of the Council for National Policy ...
  1. www.greatdreams.com/political/media02.html   Cached
    The Changing of the Guard: Corporate Media Whistleblower Speaks. Part Two: Illuminati Revealed. By Art Aqua. 7/27/03. What the head-honcho corporate news memo-writers ...
  2. www.greatdreams.com/ein_sof.htm   Cached
    KABBALISTIC VIEW Ein Sof Infinity. The term Ein Sof is sometimes taken in Kabbalah to refer to God's very essence. When more precisely used, Ein Sof refers to God's ...
  3. greatdreams.com/trade_numbers.htm   Cached
    Note: We received this information in an e-mail dated 9-5-2001, prior to the World Trade Center event. It seems rather prophetic. Under the
  4. www.greatdreams.com/blog/dee-blog50.html   Cached
    dee finney's blog. start date juily 20, 2011. today's date october 1, 2011. topic ioesous and the song oif ruth . 10-1-11 - i was dreaming all night long for almost ...
  5. www.greatdreams.com/blog-2012/dee-blog158.html   Cached
    third temple with a minaret next to it . thhird temple diagram. note the cube in the center . dee finney's blog. start date july 20, 2011. today's date march 3, 2012
  6. greatdreams.com/reptlan/astaroth.htm   Cached
    Black Mass and sacrifices of Madame de Montespan (King Louis XIV of France) from "The Geography of Witchcraft" by Montague Summers (London 1927)
  7. www.greatdreams.com/reptlan/nephilim.htm   Cached
    GENESIS 6:4 The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came into the daughters of men, and they bore ...
  8. www.greatdreams.com/twosuns.htm   Cached
    For quite a few years, I've been reading about and collecting dreams and information about Two Suns. Many are searching for information as to 'why' they are dreaming ...
  9. www.greatdreams.com/blog-2013-3/dee-blog615.html   Cached
    Dee Finney's blog. start date July 20, 2011. today's date December 24, 2013. page 615. TOPIC: THE HISTORY AND FUTURE OF JERUSALEM. THE BEGINNING OF THIS BLOG WAS ...
  10. www.greatdreams.com/diaspora.htm   Cached
    diaspora comes to visit. race riots. the dream and the reality. lets hope this isn't a future prophecy. compiled by dee finney

    1. www.greatdreams.com/political/citizenship.htm   Cached
      Exerpts from Images & Voices of Lighthouse Country A pict/oral history of Deep Bay, Bowser, Qualicum Bay, Horne Lake by Rita Levitz and Leah Willott
    2. www.greatdreams.com/civil_rights.htm   Cached
      CIVIL RIGHTS. BEGINNING WITH ABRAHAM LINCOLN. Abraham Lincoln 16th President of the United States. Abraham Lincoln said, "America will never be destroyed
    3. www.greatdreams.com/jan-2014.html   Cached
      DEES DREAMS AND VISIONS. JANUARY 2014. 1-1-14 - DREAM - I was in a dimly lit bedroom with my daughter. She had some little toys in cloth bags in the closet - the ...
    4. www.greatdreams.com/solar/sun2.htm   Cached
      REVELATION OF THE SUN. by Lee Chin 'GENESISOFLIGHT' and resources from others as named . Music is "I'll Follow the Sun" by the Beatles (Please be patient while large ...
    5. www.greatdreams.com/Events/9_11_01/Amertrg3.htm   Cached
      This article explores the 9-11-2001 disasters as symbolic events. Meaningful coincidence related to numbers and symbols add to the convincing power of the story.
    6. www.greatdreams.com/tarot/28th_path.htm   Cached
      THE VAULTS OF HEAVEN. THE 28TH PATH. THE DREAM AND THE REALITY. compiled by Dee Finney. 8-23-2001 "Vaults of Heaven" (Psalm 19:1-6) Lyrics by Jim Steinman - Music by ...
    7. www.greatdreams.com/kenmem.htm   Cached
      Robert F. Kennedy Memorial . MAN'S INHUMANITY TO MAN. WEIGHED AGAINST. THE 52 VIRTUES (Music and Lyrics) This page is based on a series of dreams and visions which I ...
    8. www.greatdreams.com/bblcds.htm   Cached
      When the Bible Code book came out by Michael Drosnin, I was very skeptical that it was possible for an ancient book to predict exact details about today no matter how ...
    9. greatdreams.com/hilarion.htm   Cached
      Hilarion is Chohan of the Fifth Ray, the green ray, of truth, science, vision and prosperity. He works with souls to help them gain mastery in the third-eye ...
    10. www.greatdreams.com/constellations/right_hand_of_Apollo.htm   Cached
      THE RIGHT HAND OF APOLLO. The Connection to Revelation 12. THE SIGN IN THE HEAVENS HAS APPEARED! compiled by Dee Finney





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