earth magnetic field



Dee Finney's blog

start date July 20, 2011

Today's date Nov 29, 2011

page 70


I had a dream this morning in which I was in a classroom.  One our desks was a computerized gadget with the names of the planets in our solar system.  We were told to keep track of the magnetic field numbers on each of the planets.  I looked at a couple ofo them - it was 19 and the other was 3.

I was told that the hiigher the number, the more likely it would be that 'something' would happen.  We were not told what 'something' meant. After I woke up thinking I saw the month JUN on the cover of the computerized data.


All I've found so far in my research is earth.   This is from

I will update it for a few days to see how it goes,  while I do further research on the other planets.

speed: 449.3 km/sec
density: 4.3 protons/cm3
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at 0324 UT

X-ray Solar Flares
6-hr max: C3
1830 UT Nov28
24-hr: C3
1830 UT Nov28
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at: 2359 UT


Solar wind
speed: 432.6 km/sec
density: 1.3 protons/cm3
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at 1934 UT
X-ray Solar Flares
6-hr max: B9
1546 UT Nov29
24-hr: C2
0900 UT Nov29
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at: 1900 UT
Solar wind
speed: 427.3 km/sec
density: 0.9 protons/cm3
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at 1436 UT
X-ray Solar Flares
6-hr max: C1
1035 UT Nov30
24-hr: C2
0011 UT Nov30
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at: 1400 UT
olar wind
speed: 378.7 km/sec
density: 7.5 protons/cm3
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at 1805 UT
X-ray Solar Flares
6-hr max: C1
1642 UT Dec02
24-hr: C1
1642 UT Dec02
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at: 1800 UT
Solar wind
speed: 469.6 km/sec
density: 4.7 protons/cm3
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at 0055 UT
X-ray Solar Flares
6-hr max: C1
2119 UT Dec03
24-hr: C1
1123 UT Dec03
explanation | more data
Updated: Today at: 2359 UT



  1. The Great Shift 2001

    The magnetic polarities of the sun have gone through a significant shift, ... The earth's magnetic fields hold our collective thoughts, feelings, and consciousness.



Earth's magnetic field (also known as the geomagnetic field) is the magnetic field that extends from the Earth's inner core to where it meets the solar wind, a stream of energetic particles emanating from the Sun. It is approximately the field of a magnetic dipole tilted at an angle of 11 degrees with respect to the rotational axis—as if there were a bar magnet placed at that angle at the center of the Earth. However, unlike the field of a bar magnet, Earth's field changes over time because it is really generated by the motion of molten iron alloys in the Earth's outer core (the geodynamo). The Magnetic North Pole wanders, fortunately slowly enough that the compass is useful for navigation. At random intervals (averaging several hundred thousand years) the Earth's field reverses (the north and south geomagnetic poles change places with each other). These reversals leave a record in rocks that allow paleomagnetists to calculate past motions of continents and ocean floors as a result of plate tectonics. The region above the ionosphere, and extending several tens of thousands of kilometers into space,

The Earth's magnetosphere is a highly dynamic structure that responds quite dramatically to changes in the dynamic pressure of the solar wind and the orientation of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF). Its ultimate source of energy is the interaction with the solar wind. Some of the energy extracted from this interaction goes directly into driving various magnetospheric processes, while some is stored in the magnetotail, to be released later in substorms. The principal means by which energy is transferred from the solar wind to the magnetosphere is a process known as "reconnection," which occurs when the IMF is oriented antiparallel to the orientation of the Earth's field lines. This orientation allows interplanetary and geomagnetic field lines to merge, resulting in the transfer of energy, mass, and momentum from the solar wind to the magnetosphere. The viscous interaction of the solar wind and the magnetosphere also plays a role in solar wind/magnetosphere coupling, but is of secondary importance compared with reconnection.


aurora deceember 3, 2011




This is not the first time I've written about this topic, but I never worried about the other planets, only earth.  This obviously is a little different scenario.  I'll have to do more research to see ifi any other planet's data is available.



  1. Landing on the Planet Mercury - DREAMS OF THE GREAT EARTH CHANGES

    "Earth's magnetic field is about 100 times larger than Mercury's magnetic field, and we're much farther from the sun, ...


  1. - Cached
  2. ... a bubble of charged particles trapped within Jupiter's magnetic field. The bubble is so big that if it were visible to the eye, ... -


  2. Galileo Mission May End in a Blaze of Glory

    Plunging into Jupiter could shed new light on the planet's magnetic fields ... While Goliathan’s might be a bit technical for those outside of his field of study, ... -
  3. The magnetosphere of Jupiter is the cavity created in the solar wind by the planet's magnetic field. Extending up to seven million kilometers in the Sun's direction and almost to the orbit of Saturn in the opposite direction, Jupiter's magnetosphere is the largest and most powerful of any planetary magnetosphere in the Solar System, and by volume the largest known continuous structure in the Solar System after the heliosphere. Wider and flatter than the Earth's magnetosphere, Jupiter's is stronger by an order of magnitude, while its magnetic moment is roughly 18,000 times larger. The existence of Jupiter's magnetic field was first inferred from observations of radio emissions at the end of the 1950s and was directly observed by the Pioneer 10 spacecraft in 1973.

    Jupiter's internal magnetic field is generated by electrical currents flowing in the planet's outer core, which is composed of metallic hydrogen. Volcanic eruptions on Jupiter's moon Io eject large amounts of sulfur dioxide gas into space, forming a large torus around the planet. Jupiter's magnetic field forces the torus to rotate with the same angular velocity and direction as the planet. The torus in turn loads the magnetic field with plasma, in the process stretching it into a pancake-like structure called a magnetodisk. In effect, Jupiter's magnetosphere is shaped by Io's plasma and its own rotation, rather than by the solar wind like Earth's magnetosphere. Strong currents flowing in the magnetosphere generate permanent aurorae around the planet's poles and intense variable radio emissions, which means that Jupiter can be thought of as a very weak radio pulsar. Jupiter's aurorae have been observed in almost all parts of the electromagnetic spectrum including infrared, visible, ultraviolet and soft X-rays.

    The action of the magnetosphere traps and accelerates particles, producing intense belts of radiation similar to Earth's Van Allen belts, but thousands of times stronger. The interaction of energetic particles with the surfaces of Jupiter's largest moons markedly affects their chemical and physical properties. Those same particles also affect and are affected by the motions of the particles within Jupiter's tenuous planetary ring system. Radiation belts present a significant hazard for spacecraft and potentially to human space travellers.

    1. - Cached
    2. ... magnetic field and weather patterns -- including its lightning and stormy ammonia clouds. "It's going to be the star ...


Saturn has an intrinsic magnetic field that has a simple, symmetric shape—a magnetic dipole. Its strength at the equator—0.2 gauss (20 µT)—is approximately one twentieth than that of the field around Jupiter and slightly weaker than Earth's magnetic field.[18] As a result Saturn's magnetosphere is much smaller than Jupiter's and extends slightly beyond the orbit of Titan.[54] Most probably, the magnetic field is generated similarly to that of Jupiter—by currents in the metallic-hydrogen layer, which is called a metallic-hydrogen dynamo.[54] Similarly to those of other planets, this magnetosphere is efficient at deflecting the solar wind particles from the Sun. The moon Titan orbits within the outer part of Saturn's magnetosphere and contributes plasma from the ionized particles in Titan's outer atmosphere.[18] When Voyager 2 entered the magnetosphere, the solar wind pressure was high and the magnetosphere extended only 19 Saturn radii, or 1.1 million km (712,000 mi),[55] although it enlarged within several hours, and remained so for about three days.[56] Saturn's magnetosphere, like Earth's, produces aurorae.[57]

Orbit and rotation

The average distance between Saturn and the Sun is over 1,400,000,000 km (9 AU). It takes Saturn 10,759 Earth days (or about 29½ years), to finish one revolution around the Sun.

The average distance between Saturn and the Sun is over 1,400,000,000 km (9 AU). With an average orbital speed of 9.69 km/s,[5] it takes Saturn 10,759 Earth days (or about 29½ years),[58] to finish one revolution around the Sun.[5] The elliptical orbit of Saturn is inclined 2.48° relative to the orbital plane of the Earth.[5] Because of an eccentricity of 0.056, the distance between Saturn and the Sun varies by approximately 155,000,000 km between perihelion and aphelion,[5] which are the nearest and most distant points of the planet along its orbital path, respectively.

The visible features on Saturn rotate at different rates depending on latitude and multiple rotation periods have been assigned to various regions (as in Jupiter's case): System I has a period of 10 h 14 min 00 s (844.3°/d) and encompasses the Equatorial Zone, which extends from the northern edge of the South Equatorial Belt to the southern edge of the North Equatorial Belt. All other Saturnian latitudes have been assigned a rotation period of 10 h 38 min 25.4 s (810.76°/d), which is System II. System III, based on radio emissions from the planet in the period of the Voyager flybys, has a period of 10 h 39 min 22.4 s (810.8°/d); because it is very close to System II, it has largely superseded it.[59]

A precise value for the rotation period of the interior remains elusive. While approaching Saturn in 2004, the Cassini spacecraft found that the radio rotation period of Saturn had increased appreciably, to approximately 10 h 45 m 45 s (± 36 s).[60][61] The cause of the change is unknown—it was thought to be due to a movement of the radio source to a different latitude inside Saturn, with a different rotational period, rather than because of a change in Saturn's rotation.

Later, in March 2007, it was found that the rotation of the radio emissions did not trace the rotation of the planet, but rather is produced by convection of the plasma disc, which is dependent also on other factors besides the planet's rotation. It was reported that the variance in measured rotation periods may be caused by geyser activity on Saturn's moon Enceladus. The water vapor emitted into Saturn's orbit by this activity becomes charged and "weighs down" Saturn's magnetic field, slowing its rotation slightly relative to the rotation of the planet. At the time it was stated that there is no currently known method of determining the rotation rate of Saturn's core.[62][63][64]

The latest estimate of Saturn's rotation based on a compilation of various measurements from the Cassini, Voyager and Pioneer probes was reported in September 2007 is 10 hours, 32 minutes, 35 seconds.[65]



Rare Transit of Sun by Venus - Predictions of What is to Come

One possibility is that a magnetic field induced by the solar wind may have swept charged oxygen particles away from the planet, he says.

Magnetic field and core

Size comparison of terrestrial planets (left to right): Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars

In 1967, Venera-4 found that the Venusian magnetic field is much weaker than that of Earth. This magnetic field is induced by an interaction between the ionosphere and the solar wind,[51][52] rather than by an internal dynamo in the core like the one inside the Earth. Venus' small induced magnetosphere provides negligible protection to the atmosphere against cosmic radiation. This radiation may result in cloud-to-cloud lightning discharges.[53]

The lack of an intrinsic magnetic field at Venus was surprising given that it is similar to Earth in size, and was expected also to contain a dynamo at its core. A dynamo requires three things: a conducting liquid, rotation, and convection. The core is thought to be electrically conductive and, while its rotation is often thought to be too slow, simulations show that it is adequate to produce a dynamo.[54][55] This implies that the dynamo is missing because of a lack of convection in the Venusian core. On Earth, convection occurs in the liquid outer layer of the core because the bottom of the liquid layer is much hotter than the top. On Venus, a global resurfacing event may have shut down plate tectonics and led to a reduced heat flux through the crust. This caused the mantle temperature to increase, thereby reducing the heat flux out of the core. As a result, there is not an internal geodynamo that can drive a magnetic field. Instead the heat energy from the core is being used to reheat the crust.[56]

One possibility is that Venus has no solid inner core,[57] or its core is not currently cooling, so that the entire liquid part of the core is at approximately the same temperature. Another possibility is that its core has already completely solidified. The state of the core is highly dependent on the concentration of sulfur, which is unknown at present.[56]

Orbit and rotation

Venus orbits the Sun at an average distance of about 108 million kilometers (about 0.7 AU), and completes an orbit every 224.65 days. Venus is the second planet from the Sun and it revolves round the Sun approximately 1.6 times (yellow trail) in Earth's 365 days (blue trail)
The orbital position and rotation of Venus shown at 10 Earth-day intervals from 0 to 250 days. The position of the point of the surface that was the antisolar point at day zero is indicated by a cross. As a consequence of its slow retrograde rotation, any given point on Venus has nearly 60 terrestrial days of continuous illumination and an equivalent period of darkness.

Venus orbits the Sun at an average distance of about 108 million kilometers (about 0.7 AU), and completes an orbit every 224.65 days. Although all planetary orbits are elliptical, Venus is the closest to circular, with an eccentricity of less than 0.01.[1] When Venus lies between the Earth and the Sun, a position known as "inferior conjunction", it makes the closest approach to Earth of any planet, lying at an average distance of 41 million km during inferior conjunction.[1] The planet reaches inferior conjunction every 584 days, on average.[1] Due to the decreasing eccentricity of Earth, the minimum distances will become greater. From the year 1 to 5383, there are 526 approaches less than 40 million km; then there are none for about 60,200 years.[58] During periods of greater eccentricity Venus can come as close as 38.2 million km.[1]

All the planets of the Solar System orbit in a counter-clockwise direction as viewed from above the Sun's north pole: most planets also rotate counter-clockwise but Venus rotates clockwise (called "retrograde" rotation) once every 243 Earth days—by far the slowest rotation period of any major planet. The equator of the Venusian surface rotates at 6.5 km/h while on Earth rotation speed at the equator is about 1,670 km/h.[59] A Venusian sidereal day thus lasts longer than a Venusian year (243 versus 224.7 Earth days). Because of the retrograde rotation the length of a solar day on Venus is significantly shorter than the sidereal day. As a result of Venus's relatively long solar day, one Venusian year is about 1.92 Venusian days long.[10] To an observer on the surface of Venus the Sun would appear to rise in the west and set in the east and the time from one sunrise to the next would be 116.75 Earth days (making the Venusian solar day shorter than Mercury's 176 Earth days).[10]

Venus may have formed from the solar nebula with a different rotation period and obliquity, reaching to its current state because of chaotic spin changes caused by planetary perturbations and tidal effects on its dense atmosphere, a change that would have occurred over the course of billions of years. The rotation period of Venus may represent an equilibrium state between tidal locking to the Sun's gravitation, which tends to slow rotation, and an atmospheric tide created by solar heating of the thick Venusian atmosphere.[60][61] A curious aspect of the Venusian orbit and rotation periods is that the 584-day average interval between successive close approaches to the Earth is almost exactly equal to five Venusian solar days. Whether this relationship arose by chance or is the result of tidal locking with the Earth is unknown.[62]

Venus currently has no natural satellite,[63] though the asteroid 2002 VE68 presently maintains a quasi-orbital relationship with it.[64] In the 17th century Giovanni Cassini reported a moon orbiting Venus which was named Neith and there were numerous reported sightings over the following 200 years but it was ultimately determined that most were stars in the vicinity. Alex Alemi's and David Stevenson's 2006 study of models of the early Solar System at the California Institute of Technology shows that it is likely that billions of years ago Venus had at least one moon created by a huge impact event.[65][66] About 10 million years later, according to the study, another impact reversed the planet's spin direction and caused the Venusian moon gradually to spiral inward[67] until it collided and merged with Venus. If later impacts created moons these also were absorbed in the same way. An alternative explanation for the lack of satellites is the effect of strong solar tides, which can destabilize large satellites orbiting the inner terrestrial planets.[6NARS

  1. Mars: Magnetic Field and Magnetosphere - UCLA - IGPP Space ...

    MARS: MAGNETIC FIELD AND MAGNETOSPHERE J. G. Luhmann and C. T. Russell. Originally published in: Encyclopedia of Planetary Sciences, edited by J. H. Shirley and R. W ... -

  2. Magnetic Fields and Mars

    MAGNETIC FIELDS AND MARS. Even though Mars is one of Earth's two sister planets, it is still in large part a mystery to scientists. Did life ever exist there?

Magnetic Field

The first indication of the weakness of the magnetic field of Mars was obtained during the Mariner 4 spacecraft flyby in 1965. At a closest approach of 3.9 Mars radii, no indication of the Earth-like dipole magnetic field predicted by scaling arguments from theory was detected. Still, a shock-like disturbance in the solar wind signaled the presence of an obstacle approximately the size of Mars. Most subsequent magnetic field measurements in the vicinity of Mars were carried out on a series of five MARS spacecraft launched by the Soviet Union between 1971 and 1974 (see Soviet MARS missions). Several of these successfully operated in orbit for periods long enough to both confirm the Mariner 4 results and to measure the disturbance of the interplanetary magnetic field caused by the obstacle. However, none of these spacecraft approached Mars closer than ~ 1300 km or ~ 1.3 Mars radii from the center of the planet, and none probed the solar wind wake inside of the optical shadow, where the magnetotail of an intrinsic magnetosphere resembling a weak version of Earth's would be found. The Viking landers reached the surface of Mars in 1976, but did not carry magnetic field experiments its part of their scientific payloads. although they made ionospheric measurements of relevance to the magnetic field question. Because the available measurements could be interpreted front the viewpoint of either a small Earth-like magnetosphere, or a Venus-like ionospheric obstacle, different researchers have adopted both of these paradigms for over a decade. Their divergent views depended on the techniques and arguments used in analyzing the still ambiguous data (Luhmann and Brace, 1991).

These differences in opinion have to some extent been altered by the most recent magnetic field measurements on the Soviet Phobos-2 spacecraft in 1989 (e.g. Nature. 341. 19 October 1989, describes the first results). The orbit of Phobos 2 went into the deep wake of Mars, for the first time providing magnetic field data in the optical shadow at distances as close as ~ 2.7 Mars radii and as distant as ~ 20 Mars radii. These data unambiguously showed that the magnetic fields in the wake of Mars are determined by the interplanetary field orientation, and are thus not Earth- like, at least in the near-equatorial spacecraft orbit plane. The current upper limit on the dipole moment remains at ~ 10-4 times that of Earth, a value established on the basis of the previous observations. This moment is derived not from the wake data but from estimates of the subsolar altitude of the Martian obstacle to the solar wind of ~ 400 km. Additional indirect information concerning the magnetic field of Mars derived front ionospheric observations and the understanding of solar wind interactions is described below.

Today, the only other 'direct' information that Martian magnetism is from a special class of meteorites known as the SNC meteorites (q.v.) which are thought to come from Mars. Magnetic field analyses of these possible samples of the Martian crust indicate that magnetic fields of ~ 1000 nT may have been present on the surface of Mars at the time that these meteorites were ejected by a giant impact some 180 million years ago. (For comparison, the present field on Earth near the equator is about 3 X 104 nT. The present upper limit on the dipole moment implies surface fields of only a few tens Of nanotesla.)

The dynamo theory of planetary magnetism indicates that Mars may have had a dipole moment of about one-tenth of Earth's when it was first formed (Schubert and Spohn, 1990). The rotation rate Of Mars is approximately that of Earth and is thus sufficient for the operation of this initial dynamo. The other necessary ingredient of a convection driver in the core was supplied by heat left over from the accretion of the planet, which may have been effective for up to a few billion years. If such a field did indeed exist, evidence of it may still be present on the surface in the form of magnetized rocks and crustal regions like those observed on the Moon. No observations indicating the presence of such fields have been reported other than the aforementioned SNC meteorites' magnetization.

olar Wind Interaction

To date, the observations at Mars suggest that it great deal o similarity exists between near-Venus space and near-Mars space. Mars, like most of the other planetary obstacles, is preceded in the solar wind by a 'bow shock'-like structure that reflects the slightly greater than planet-size scale of the weakly magnetized Martian obstacle. The subsolar distance of the bow shock is ~ 1.5 Rm while its terminator position is ~ 2.7 Rm. Within the bow shock, the solar wind plasma is diverted around the obstacle. Within it, the imbedded interplanetary magnetic field is compressed against the obstacle nose. The field distortion associated with the divergence of the flow gives the 'draped' configuration of field lines illustrated in Figure 1.. This 'magnetosheath' is a common feature of all planetary obstacles.



Planetary Magnetic Fields

Microsoft Powerpoint - View as html
We do not know if Pluto has a magnetic field. Because Pluto has a small size and a slow rotation rate (1 day in Pluto = 6.4 Earth days), ...

Even if NASA says it doesn't know - here is a drawing of what other experts think it is:

pluto magnetosphere

magnetosphere is the volume of space around an astronomical object that is controlled by that object's magnetic field. The Earth's magnetosphere is the cavity formed by the Earth's magnetic field in the flow of plasma from the Sun known as the solar wind. The interaction with the solar wind deforms the Earth's basically dipolar magnetic field, compressing the field lines on the day side and stretching them out to form a long comet-like tail (the magnetotail) on the night side. On the day side, the magnetosphere extends out to a distance of approximately 10 Earth radii (under quiet conditions), while the magnetotail extends several hundred Earth radii in the antisunward direction. The magnetosphere contains various large-scale regions, which vary in terms of the composition, energies, and densities of the plasmas that occupy them. The sources of the plasmas that populate these regions are the solar wind and the Earth's ionosphere; the relative contributions of these two sources to the magnetospheric plasma vary according to the level of geomagnetic activity. (See the glossary entry on the DST index, which is one of the measures of geomagnetic activity.)


It takese 54 years for Uranus to go around the sun and has a 97 percent tilt,  so its seasons are highly unusual.

uranus orbit

Axial tilt

Uranus has an axial tilt of 97.77 degrees, so its axis of rotation is approximately parallel with the plane of the Solar System. This gives it seasonal changes completely unlike those of the other major planets. Other planets can be visualized to rotate like tilted spinning tops on the plane of the Solar System, while Uranus rotates more like a tilted rolling ball. Near the time of Uranian solstices, one pole faces the Sun continuously while the other pole faces away. Only a narrow strip around the equator experiences a rapid day-night cycle, but with the Sun very low over the horizon as in the Earth's polar regions. At the other side of Uranus's orbit the orientation of the poles towards the Sun is reversed. Each pole gets around 42 years of continuous sunlight, followed by 42 years of darkness.[49] Near the time of the equinoxes, the Sun faces the equator of Uranus giving a period of day-night cycles similar to those seen on most of the other planets. Uranus reached its most recent equinox on December 7, 2007.[50][51]

Northern hemisphere Year Southern hemisphere
Winter solstice 1902, 1986 Summer solstice
Vernal equinox 1923, 2007 Autumnal equinox
Summer solstice 1944, 2028 Winter solstice
Autumnal equinox 1965, 2049 Vernal equinox

One result of this axis orientation is that, on average during the year, the polar regions of Uranus receive a greater energy input from the Sun than its equatorial regions. Nevertheless, Uranus is hotter at its equator than at its poles. The underlying mechanism which causes this is unknown. The reason for Uranus's unusual axial tilt is also not known with certainty, but the usual speculation is that during the formation of the Solar System, an Earth sized protoplanet collided with Uranus, causing the skewed orientation.[52] Uranus's south pole was pointed almost directly at the Sun at the time of Voyager 2's flyby in 1986. The labeling of this pole as "south" uses the definition currently endorsed by the International Astronomical Union, namely that the north pole of a planet or satellite shall be the pole which points above the invariable plane of the Solar System, regardless of the direction the planet is spinning.[53][54] A different convention is sometimes used, in which a body's north and south poles are defined according to the right-hand rule in relation to the direction of rotation.[55] In terms of this latter coordinate system it was Uranus's north pole which was in sunlight in 1986.

uranus magnetic field



Like the other giant planets, Uranus has a ring system, a magnetosphere, and numerous moons. The Uranian system has a unique configuration among the planets because its axis of rotation is tilted sideways, nearly into the plane of its revolution about the Sun. As such, its north and south poles lie where most other planets have their equators.[17] Seen from Earth, Uranus's rings can sometimes appear to circle the planet like an archery target and its moons revolve around it like the hands of a clock; in 2007 and 2008 the rings appeared edge-on. In 1986, images from Voyager 2 showed Uranus as a virtually featureless planet in visible light without the cloud bands or storms associated with the other giants.[17] Terrestrial observers have seen signs of seasonal change and increased weather activity in recent years as Uranus approached its equinox. The wind speeds on Uranus can reach 250 meters per second (900 km/h, 560 mph).[18]

Before the arrival of Voyager 2, no measurements of the Uranian magnetosphere had been taken, so its nature remained a mystery. Before 1986, astronomers had expected the magnetic field of Uranus to be in line with the solar wind, since it would then align with the planet's poles that lie in the ecliptic.[89]

Voyager's observations revealed that the magnetic field is peculiar, both because it does not originate from the planet's geometric center, and because it is tilted at 59° from the axis of rotation.[89][90] In fact the magnetic dipole is shifted from the center of the planet towards the south rotational pole by as much as one third of the planetary radius.[89] This unusual geometry results in a highly asymmetric magnetosphere, where the magnetic field strength on the surface in the southern hemisphere can be as low as 0.1 gauss (10 µT), whereas in the northern hemisphere it can be as high as 1.1 gauss (110 µT).[89] The average field at the surface is 0.23 gauss (23 µT).[89] In comparison, the magnetic field of Earth is roughly as strong at either pole, and its "magnetic equator" is roughly parallel with its geographical equator.[90] The dipole moment of Uranus is 50 times that of Earth.[89][90] Neptune has a similarly displaced and tilted magnetic field, suggesting that this may be a common feature of ice giants.[90] One hypothesis is that, unlike the magnetic fields of the terrestrial and gas giant planets, which are generated within their cores, the ice giants' magnetic fields are generated by motion at relatively shallow depths, for instance, in the water–ammonia ocean.[59][91]

Despite its curious alignment, in other respects the Uranian magnetosphere is like those of other planets: it has a bow shock located at about 23 Uranian radii ahead of it, a magnetopause at 18 Uranian radii, a fully developed magnetotail and radiation belts.[89][90][92] Overall, the structure of Uranus's magnetosphere is different from Jupiter's and more similar to Saturn's.[89][90] Uranus's magnetotail trails behind the planet into space for millions of kilometers and is twisted by the planet's sideways rotation into a long corkscrew.[89][93]

Uranus's magnetosphere contains charged particles: protons and electrons with small amount of H2+ ions.[90][92] No heavier ions have been detected. Many of these particles probably derive from the hot atmospheric corona.[92] The ion and electron energies can be as high as 4 and 1.2 megaelectronvolts, respectively.[92] The density of low energy (below 1 kiloelectronvolt) ions in the inner magnetosphere is about 2 cm−3.[94] The particle population is strongly affected by the Uranian moons that sweep through the magnetosphere leaving noticeable gaps.[92] The particle flux is high enough to cause darkening or space weathering of the moon’s surfaces on an astronomically rapid timescale of 100,000 years.[92] This may be the cause of the uniformly dark colouration of the moons and rings.[81] Uranus has relatively well developed aurorae, which are seen as bright arcs around both magnetic poles.[76] Unlike Jupiter's, Uranus's aurorae seem to be insignificant for the energy balance of the planetary thermosphere.[79]




Neptune also resembles Uranus in its magnetosphere, with a magnetic field strongly tilted relative to its rotational axis at 47° and offset at least 0.55 radii, or about 13500 km from the planet's physical centre. Before Voyager 2's arrival at Neptune, it was hypothesised that Uranus's tilted magnetosphere was the result of its sideways rotation. In comparing the magnetic fields of the two planets, scientists now think the extreme orientation may be characteristic of flows in the planets' interiors. This field may be generated by convective fluid motions in a thin spherical shell of electrically conducting liquids (probably a combination of ammonia, methane and water)[50] resulting in a dynamo action.[55]

The dipole component of the magnetic field at the magnetic equator of Neptune is about 14 microteslas (0.14 G).[56] The dipole magnetic moment of Neptune is about 2.2 × 1017 T·m3 (14 μT·RN3, where RN is the radius of Neptune). Neptune's magnetic field has a complex geometry that includes relatively large contributions from non-dipolar components, including a strong quadrupole moment that may exceed the dipole moment in strength. By contrast, Earth, Jupiter and Saturn have only relatively small quadrupole moments, and their fields are less tilted from the polar axis. The large quadrupole moment of Neptune may be the result of offset from the planet's center and geometrical constraints of the field's dynamo generator.[57][58]

Neptune's bow shock, where the magnetosphere begins to slow the solar wind, occurs at a distance of 34.9 times the radius of the planet. The magnetopause, where the pressure of the magnetosphere counterbalances the solar wind, lies at a distance of 23–26.5 times the radius of Neptune. The tail of the magnetosphere extends out to at least 72 times the radius of Neptune, and very likely much farther.[57]

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Neptune is the eighth and farthest planet from the Sun in the Solar System. Named for the Roman god of the sea, it is the fourth-largest planet by diameter and the third largest by mass. Neptune is 17 times the mass of Earth and is slightly more massive than its near-twin Uranus, which is 15 times the mass of Earth but not as dense.[12] On average, Neptune orbits the Sun at a distance of 30.1 AU, approximately 30 times the Earth–Sun distance. Its astronomical symbol is ♆, a stylized version of the god Neptune's trident.

Discovered on September 23, 1846,[1] Neptune was the first planet found by mathematical prediction rather than by empirical observation. Unexpected changes in the orbit of Uranus led Alexis Bouvard to deduce that its orbit was subject to gravitational perturbation by an unknown planet. Neptune was subsequently observed by Johann Galle within a degree of the position predicted by Urbain Le Verrier, and its largest moon, Triton, was discovered shortly thereafter, though none of the planet's remaining 12 moons were located telescopically until the 20th century. Neptune has been visited by only one spacecraft, Voyager 2, which flew by the planet on August 25, 1989.

Neptune is similar in composition to Uranus, and both have compositions which differ from those of the larger gas giants, Jupiter and Saturn. Neptune's atmosphere, while similar to Jupiter's and Saturn's in that it is composed primarily of hydrogen and helium, along with traces of hydrocarbons and possibly nitrogen, contains a higher proportion of "ices" such as water, ammonia and methane. Astronomers sometimes categorize Uranus and Neptune as "ice giants" in order to emphasize these distinctions.[13] The interior of Neptune, like that of Uranus, is primarily composed of ices and rock.[14] Traces of methane in the outermost regions in part account for the planet's blue appearance.[15]

In contrast to the relatively featureless atmosphere of Uranus, Neptune's atmosphere is notable for its active and visible weather patterns. For example, at the time of the 1989 Voyager 2 flyby, the planet's southern hemisphere possessed a Great Dark Spot comparable to the Great Red Spot on Jupiter. These weather patterns are driven by the strongest sustained winds of any planet in the Solar System, with recorded wind speeds as high as 2,100 km/h.[16] Because of its great distance from the Sun, Neptune's outer atmosphere is one of the coldest places in the Solar System, with temperatures at its cloud tops approaching −218 °C (55 K). Temperatures at the planet's centre are approximately 5,400 K (5,000 °C).[17][18] Neptune has a faint and fragmented ring system, which may have been detected during the 1960s but was only indisputably confirmed in 1989 by Voyager 2.[19]





Its magnetic field had probably began to effect Earth even earlier. Remember "El Nino" and the 500 year floods of 1993? Weather patterns have changed ...



    ... and so as the orbits of the two planets get closer their gravitational and magnetic fields exert forces on one another. Hercolubus never ...




    After all, cosmic magnetic fields are embedded in plasmas, which are much thinner in intergalactic than in interstellar space. According to x-ray ... - Cached



    ... magnetic field, atmosphere, and interior. These measurements of the intense radiation environment near Jupiter were crucial in designing the Voyager and Galileo ...



warning about an hour before they reach Earth's magnetic field, it said. The recent flares erupted during largest solar radiation storm since October ...


Dee Finney's blog - September 7, 2011 - page 38

These electrons would follow the earth's magnetic field and quickly circle toward the ground where they would be finally dampened. (To add to ...



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  1. THE MAGNETIC FIELD. A CROP CIRCLE OF JULY, 2000 UNDER SCRUTINY FOR MEANING. JULY 22, 2000 (This page is graphics intensive) VIEW IN FULL SCREEN updated - 9-27-08 - Cached
  2. This means that we need to be watching the sun and magnetic fields because we do not know the exact nature of this phenomenon ... - Cached
  3. why are we so afraid of the sun? maybe we know a little too much of what it's doing, but not enough of the right information? see: the sun's magnetic field flips over ... - Cached
  4. 7.1 Magnetism ..."spin and angular momentum momentum / magnetism is zero... when the application of a magnetic field slightly unbalances ... - Cached
  5. Crop Circle appeared on May 28th, 2011 A sure sign of the coming tuning This alignment is occurring in June, 2011 On M31st, there were two additions to this crop cirle - Cached
  6. ... the penetration of the solar-wind magnetic field, the structure of the magnetosphere, and dust in the upper atmosphere and in orbit around Mars. ... www ... -
  7. "These magnetic fields are the dominant free energy of the universe," says astrophysicist Stirling A. Colgate of Los Alamos National Laboratory. -
  8. needed to propagate and vector a wave directionally by shifting its magnetic poles. If the magnetic field theory experiments carried out by engineers and ... -
  9. ... 2.4 million miles every day with 2.5 Jupiter mass sizes and powerful magnetic polarity that has been affecting Earth magnetic field, ... -
  10. A large-scale Denver study showed magnetic fields to be below 1.82 mG for 90 percent of the homes, while 75 percent had fields below 1 mG.

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    1. electronics and to humans outside the Earth's protective magnetic field (such as on the Moon or en route to Mars). Electrons arrive first, ... - Cached
    2. According to Vogt, the magnetic field is the information, therefore, in order for electrons (electric current) to exist, ... - Cached
    3. This causes chaos because the human being needs the magnetic field of the earth to maintain it's emotional balance and memory. When the magnetics drop to zero, ... - Cached
    4. GREEN SNOW: Globally, Earth's magnetic field has been quiet this weekend, but in one corner of northern Canada the story was different. "Last night," reports Francis ... - Cached
    5. And the law of nature is that magnetic field cannot be rotated on it's own polar axis. Sic! Simple or complex. It does not rotate. And if we accept this simple fact, ... - Cached
    6. "it is the earth's mass and not the magnetic field that determines the rates"... "I looked at what I had found in astonishment. -
    7. Meanwhile, the Sun's magnetic field changes from being aligned parallel to its axis of rotation at the minimum of sunspot activity, to ... -
    8. After demonstrating a proton and its magnetic field, Krafft concludes (concerning current-carrying wires) that, - Cached
    9. General scientific thinking believes that our magnetic field would hold these superwaves off, but he doesn't agree with that. We can't see them comming, ... -
    10. The spin vector of the neutron will precess in the plane at right angles to the magnetic field just as a spinning gyroscope precesses in response to the pull of gravity ... - -



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  1. A German historian/scuba diver has recorded the exact location and value of deviations in magnetic fields off The Bahamas coast. Are they connected to Atlantis? Dr ...
  2. Because there is a magnetic field, it turns out we can see evidence for aurorae in the Sun-facing polar regions.
  3. GEOMAGNETIC STORM: A solar wind stream hit Earth's magnetic field on June 24th, sparking a brief but potent ...
  4. ... atmosphere where the sun's magnetic field opens up and allows the solar wind to escape. A stream of solar wind flowing ... -
  5. Morgan, M.G. Electric and Magnetic Fields from 60 Hertz Electric Power: What Do We Know About Possible Health Risks?, brochure, 45 pp., ... -
  6. The Magnetic Field - A Crop Circle Under Scrutiny For Meaning. The pictogram was shaped like a bar magnet, ...
  7. ... by Vogt in Reality Revealed, as high voltage / frequency potential to infinity which the earth produces as the magnetic field collapses to zero. -
  8. (MGF) Magnetic Field Measurement - Yamamoto T. (ISAS)(deceased) (PET) Electron Temperature Probe - Oyama K. (ISAS) (UVS) Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer ... -
  9. ... the sunspots and reversals of its magnetic field. The reversal point is thought to be approaching in 2012. According to Geoff, the sunspots are ... -
  10. We further suspect that the highly anomalous Uranian magnetic field-geometry Voyager observed with respect to the planetary spin axis (>60 degrees) ... -

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  1. The result is that when the vibration stops, a significant number of the atoms have aligned themselves within this magnetic field. Christopher Dunn asks: ... -
  2. Solar physicists have long known that sunspot magnetic fields reverse polarity from cycle to cycle. N-S becomes S-N and vice versa ...
  3. The display was sparked by a solar wind stream which hit Earth's magnetic field on July 21st. The ensuing geomagnetic storm registered 6 on the 0 ... -
  4. A magnetic field around their bodies. They think that they are only flesh, blood, bones, and organs. Think think they have a soul, but that they ... -
  5. Some birds orient themselves using the sun or Earth's magnetic field, while others use landmarks on the ground or even familiar smells. Biologist ...
  6. Magnetic fields reconnecting above the sunspot produced a B4-class solar flare and hurled a narrow coronal mass ejection into space: SOHO movie. Earth was ...
  7. We know that birds and animals migrate along the lines of these magnetic fields. -d
  8. The gas which is blown away from the coma is ionised by solar radiation and is affected strongly by the magnetic fields associated with the solar wind . -
  9. CME IMPACT: A coronal mass ejection (CME) hit Earth's magnetic field on August 5th around 1800 UT, ... OF THE OIL FIELDS IN ALASKA, AND IS TRUSTED BYY THE -
  10. He came to this erroneous conclusion because he thought that Maxwell had explained what magnetism was and what caused a magnetic field...Maxwell did nothing of the sort. ... -

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  1. Geoff is currently working on a theory correlating information about sunspot cycles, and reversals of its magnetic field.
  2. ... Research has shown that ELF electrical and magnetic fields at a high-level short-term exposure have a negative impact on health (ICNIRP, 2003). -
  3. The meter was set to read magnetic fields and was passed around the object, which was ... -
  4. Earth's magnetic field is still reverberating from the CME impact of August 3rd, which sparked auroras as far south as Wisconsin and Iowa in the United States. Analysts ... -
  5. There will be a great splitting of the Earth...from within the Earth. The magnetic field will shift and is already shifting now. -
  6. Mean dominant frequency associated with the earth's magnetic field: EQ: 10: enhanced release of serotonin and mood elevator, universally beneficial ... -
  7. This may connect with the magnetic field type formations that appeared around the same time as this formation. There are more possible connections that I see, ... -
  8. I consider that the magnetic field has a group and phase velocity, much like the electromagnetic field that a changing magnetic field can create. -
  9. The end of each 'breath cycle' is a very traumatic event, to say the least; the stopping motion and shifting of magnetic fields appears to be a pole shift, ... -
  10. Another example is the exploitation of the dipole oscillations of space by using two magnetic fields of Beardens MEG to oscillate back and forth. -

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  1. No strong flares were recorded for the rest of the weekend. Nevertheless, the active region's magnetic field is complex and harbors energy for more eruptions. NOAA ... -
  2. "This magnetic field can provide the extra pressure required to resist destruction ." * The Local Interstellar Cloud Illustration ... -
  3. "Earth's magnetic field is about 100 times larger than Mercury's magnetic field, and we're much farther from the sun, ...
  4. The sun's magnetic field is tipping south, opening a crack in Earth's magnetosphere. Solar wind pouring in could fuel a renewed display. Sept ... -
  5. "The drop in magnetic fields could be a normal aspect of the solar cycle and not a sign that sunspots are permanently vanishing." Penn himself ... -
  6. Magnetic fields around the spot have been growing more complex, making stronger eruptions increasingly likely. NOAA forecasters estimate a 5% chance of an ...
  7. Four years ago I began measuring the Earth's magnetic field in and around crop circles. -
  8. More action could be in the offing. Sunspot 1087 has a "beta-gamma" magnetic field that harbors energy for M-class solar flares. Readers ... -
  9. ... a bubble of charged particles trapped within Jupiter's magnetic field. The bubble is so big that if it were visible to the eye, ... -

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  1. MINOR STORM WARNING: On August 2nd, the sun hurled a cloud of plasma (CME) toward Earth when magnetic fields above sunspot 1261 erupted -
  2. At the times the Moon's surface was molten in near approaches with other celestial bodies, it was enveloped in powerful magnetic fields; ... -
  3. ..."in plasmas, when an external magnetic field is applied, both longitudinal and transverse waves intermingle and may even interfere with each other, no ... -
  4. Adobe PDF - View as html
    "Their strong magnetic fields could compress the heliosphere even more than it is compressed now," according to NASA.
  5. August 2003 for the first time we will have this special combination: high Schumann frequency, low magnetic field and the earth cycle that repeats every 40 (20) ... -
  6. Another property of a superconductor is the way in which they respond to magnetic fields, they are said to be diamagnetic, ... -
  7. The "firmament" of a sunspot is not matter but rather a strong magnetic field that appears dark because it blocks the upflow of heat from the ... -
  8. Electronic systems may couple with these dangerous electric and magnetic fields resulting in damaging current and voltage surges. Further ... -
  9. Shift in the Earth's Magnetic Field Cause Of Extreme Weather? EARTHCHANGES FAQ INDEX. BORDERLANDS OF SCIENCE. ELECTROMAGNETISM ... - ... -
  10. So far the sunspot has been relatively quiet, producing no flares of note, but this could change if the magnetic field becomes unstable. Readers ... -

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  1. ... having a near-perfect sphere spinning in a near-zero atmosphere and a near-zero magnetic field would essentially eliminate other drift sources. ... -
  2. Strong magnetic fields, 15 trillion times stronger than the Earth's magnetic field, are thought to be involved, too. The combination drives an energetic wind of ... -
  3. A subject's bioelectric field can be remotely detected, ... This magnetic flux puts out a constant 30-50 Hz 5 milliwatt electromagnetic ... -
  4. ... not when they cross the Sun's (magnetic) equator (the ecliptic has to do with the Earth's orbit, not the Sun magnetic field) ...
  5. This magnetic field is almost impossible to protect or guard ourselves from -- as it passes through most metal, walls, rocks, and human beings. -
  6. a unit of weight equal to one microgram. 5. a unit of magnetic field strength equal to 10 to the fifth power gauss. (quent: needing ...
  7. Continuing, "Magnetic fields and electric currents are so intimately associated that it is impossible to think of one without the other"... (Note ... -
  8. ... - Lines of force like strings in a magnetic field. The motion of the plasma is at right angles to the direction of wave propagation. Brain ... -
  9. ... (in the presence of a magnetic field - "magnetosound"), and cross waves propagating along a magnetic field. A device for generating plasma is called ... -

    CRACKLING SUNSPOT: The magnetic fields of sunspot 1069 are in a state of considerable agitation today. Click on the image, below, to launch ...

    If the charge is moved a magnetic field develops and the moving charge constitutes a current. If an observer were to move along with the charge, ... -
  3. Electrons and Mythologies - DREAMS OF THE GREAT EARTH CHANGES

    "Magnetic fields can be shielded because the metallic atoms (of certain metals) act like little bar magnets that orient themselves such that the magnetic field ... -
  4. SOLAR WEATHER and some interesting space stuff

    The swirling magnetic fields evident in the image harbor energy for C-class eruptions. The active region has already hurled one coronal mass ejection (CME, ... -

    Another property of a superconductor is the way in which they respond to magnetic fields, they are said to be diamagnetic, ... -

    The emitted electrons form of a magnetic field in the area surrounding the plate. Finally, a force is experienced on the earth's surface -- we call ... -

    After all, cosmic magnetic fields are embedded in plasmas, which are much thinner in intergalactic than in interstellar space. According to x-ray ... -
  8. Diamagnetic Log Spiral - DREAMS OF THE GREAT EARTH CHANGES

    "Synchrotron radiation occurs when electrons spiral into a magnetic field. Neuroglia (connective tissue of the central nervous system) ... -

    the magnetic field - a crop circle under scrutiny for meaning... an introduction into plate tectonics - continents adrift. -

Search results

  1. ... causing fires in North America and Europe, sent readings of Earth's magnetic field soaring, and produced northern lights so ...

8,220 results for…

  1. ... causing fires in North America and Europe, sent readings of Earth's magnetic field soaring, and produced northern lights so ... -
  2. Our auric fields are electro-magnetic energy fields surrounding the physical body. We are constantly giving off (electrical aspect) and absorbing ...
  3. Knowing this, we can make certain presumptions: A 2nd Dimension magnetic field, of frequency, was used. This carrier, with a vector of 51'51"14.3s, ... -
  4. The potential for health effects from exposure to electric and magnetic fields (EMF) ... -
  5. Since then, the view has changed. Magnetic fields underpinning this magnificent structure are in a state of fairly rapid motion, pulling ... -
  6. Plunging into Jupiter could shed new light on the planet's magnetic fields ... While Goliathan’s might be a bit technical for those outside of his field of study, ... -
  7. For the same reason, a magnetic field deflects, to a slighter degree, the motion direction of very fast particles. But if the above assertion is correct, ... -
  8. More generally, HAARP has the ability of modifying the World's electro-magnetic field. It is part ... -
  9. 9.41, Pyramid frequency (outside). 9.6, Mean dominant frequency associated with the earth's magnetic field, EQ. 10 ...
  10. It has to be done when there are 0 magnetic flux between the sun and earth. ... ... NASA was astonished to find out that the magnetic field of the sun no longer ...
  1. Sunspots occur when strong magnetic fields emerge through the solar surface and allow the area to cool slightly, thus making it appear as a dark spot in contrast to the even hotter ...
  2. Earths Magnetic Field In Unsettled State NASA Space Science News SOLAR WIND: ... -
  3. His early paper, "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies, showed that, in a space-time representation, electric and magnetic fields are exactly the same. -
  4. Its magnetic field had probably began to effect Earth even earlier. Remember "El Nino" and the 500 year floods of 1993? Weather patterns have changed ...
  5. Probabilities for significant disturbances in Earth's magnetic field are given for three activity levels: active , minor storm ...
  6. It will become clear in following chapters that a planetary magnetic field is far more than a simple question of north and south; ...
  7. THE MAGNETIC FIELD - A CROP CIRCLE UNDER SCRUTINY FOR MEANING... field is about 500,000 microgauss.) If you had a compass sensitive to this field, ...
  8. ... beneath the circled thicket of hot plasma and magnetic fields? It could be the most ... -
  9. It is the internal solar heat of these planets that destroy the magnetic fields and evaporate the volatiles of these planets (at Mars position). ...
  10. EFFECTS OF LOW FREQUENCY MAGNETIC FIELDS ON DNA SYNTHESIS. syn*the*sis (noun), plural -the*ses - [Greek, from syntithenai to ...


  1. Earths Magnetic Field In Unsettled State . NASA Space Science News . SOLAR WIND: ... -
  2. ... (I know this because in the water activator, there is still the new frequency of 9.05 Hz) and that the magnetic field of earth is, decreasing ...
  3. Our magnetic field has served us in the past by creating an illusion of separation and protection from energies outside ourselves. It will ...
  4. ... and so as the orbits of the two planets get closer their gravitational and magnetic fields exert forces on one another. Hercolubus never ...
  5. If the magnetic field of the sun were to govern the earth’s motion, then after an encounter with a comet the earth could resume its rotation, ...
  6. This Bethlehem grid point is based not only on Munck's system, but also on a separate grid system (involving Earth's magnetic field) developed by Bruce Cathie. -
  7. Sunspot 1024 is relatively large, but it does not have the kind of complex magnetic field that poses a threat for major eruptions. Crop ... -
  8. These three double windings, each wound about upon the others, in the above order represent the gravity, magnetic and electric fields 90 degrees to each other, ... -d
  9. ... magnetic field, atmosphere, and interior. These measurements of the intense radiation environment near Jupiter were crucial in designing the Voyager and Galileo ... -
  10. ... magnetic field and weather patterns -- including its lightning and stormy ammonia clouds. "It's going to be the star ...
  1. EMF WORKING GROUP REPORT-Assessment of Health Effects from Exposure to Power-Line Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields-the views and expert opinions of the ... - C

Return of the Dove

The focused intention of this particular experiment was to geomantically align magnetic fields and ley lines, activate them within a ... -


The sun's magnetic field reversed in the year 2002. 2028-OCT: Asteroid "1997 XF11" will approach close to earth. At first ...

Our time measurement depends on periodically returning cycles in the earth magnetic field and according to this (and said with your numbers) I'm today ...
  1. ... which is held in place by Earth's magnetic field. It is believed that most of the particles that form the belts come from solar wind, and ...
  2. Although it's been a calm day, the magnetic field of sunspot 1041 still harbors energy for strong eruptions. NOAA ...
  1. During a pole flip, the magnetic field around the Earth, which shields us from dangerous solar radiation, weakens and may even cease to exist, which would ...
  2. >> "the magnetic field associated with the orbital electron can be viewed as a torus centered on the orbital path of the electron." SSmith: ...


consciousness. Could the shifting of the magnetic fields perhaps be mirroring the revolution of human consciousness that we are currently experiencing?